CHESHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. + A quarterly meeting of the Cheshire County Council was held at Chester Castle on Thursday, the Chairman (Colonel Dixon) presiding. The attendance included the Duke of Westminster and the Hon. Alan de Tatton Egerton, M.P. Lord Tollemache wrote apologising for absence. THE ELECTIONS. It was decided that Saturday, March 5th, should be the date of the County Council elec- tions, and that Thursday, March 17th should be the date of the meeting for the election of chairman and vice-chairman of the Council. DEE FISHERY BOARD. The following were appointed the representa- tives of the Council on the Joint Fishery Com- mittee for the district of the river Dee The Dake of Westminster, K.G., Messrs. John Thompson, S. H. Sandbach, and J. J. Evans, with the Rev. C. Wolley-Dod, and Captain Congreve, while Mr. Albert T. Wright was reappointed the representative of the Council on the Joint Committee for the Lancashire Sea Fisheries District. LANCASHIRE AND THE DEE. NO ENCROACHMENT. The CLERK (Mr. R. Potts) reported the intention of the Lancashire County Council to apply to the Board of Trade for an order amalgamating the Lancashire and Western Sea Fishery Districts, and extending such district when amalgamated to include a portion of the river Dee. He had also received a copy of a Memorial to the Board of Trade from the fisher- men of the Connah's Quay District against the proposed inclusion in the estuary of the odee. lIe added that he had written the Board of Trade, giving notice that the proposed inclusion of a portion of the Dee would probably be Strenuously opposed by the Council. Mr. JOHN THOMPSON proposed:- That this Council objects to the extension of the proposed Lancashire and Western Sea Fisheries District so as to include from the existing limit of the present Lancashire Sea Fisheries District so much of the river Dee as is on the seaward side of a line drawn from Burton Head, in the county of Chester, to Connah's Quay, in the county of Flint, and that the Clerk to the Council be and is hereby authorised to intimate to the Lancashire County Council that unless their application to extend the proposed district as before mentioned be with- drawn, this Council will withdraw its approval to the amalgamation of the Lancashire and Western Sea Fisheries Districts, and will appear in opposition to any application that may be made to the Board of Trade for an order to give effect thereto, the consent of this Council to such amalgamation, and to the increased contribution in Respect thereof having being made upon the Understanding that the present Sea Fisheries Dis- trict of the ri\ er Dee was not interfered with. What he asked them to vote upon was whether the supervision of the sea fisheries proposed to be undertaken by Lancashire and the Western Sea Fisheries District should extend in the estuary of the Dde or not. Mr. FRANCIS GREG. (Bollington), in seconding, said he felt very strongly that the proposed amalgamation would be no benefit to anybody except Lancashire. The resolution was carried. Mr. THOMPSON next moved :— That in the event of the Lancashire County Council not withdrawing their application to extend the proposed district as aforesaid, the olerk be, and he is hereby, authorised to take steps and incur such expenses as may be onsidered necessary to oppose the application r,?lualgfaTaati°n as well as for extension. • A. i". WRIGHT thought they might expecfc some reason given why they should now oppose the amalgamation. Dr. HEWITT (Northwich) seconded, remarking hat they ought to take the necessary steps to oppose, unless the conditions they had laid Uown were complied with. Mr. THOMPSON said if Lancashire gave way with regard to the extension, the Council ^°uld not oppose the amalgamation, but if they did not give way, the Council would Oppose the amalgamation. The resolution was carried unanimously. CHESHIRE CHEESE. Arising out of the minutes of the Technical Instruction Committee, Mr. ROGER BATE drew attention to the excellent work carried on at «ie Worleston Dairy Institute. As an instance, mentioned the case of a young woman who !"ent there, coming from a family unsuccessful making good cheese with a stock of about cows, and as a result of the instruc- tion obtained at the institute, she became dairymaid on a large farm belonging to j-'ord Crewe where 120 cows were kept. They also been able to _turn out some very efficient teachers. Students came to the Institute from Herefordshire, Sussex, Yorkshire, and other parts of England, and during the last Jeftr they had had students who had paid them *100 in fees. There was an impression that Cheshire cheese had declined in quality, but that was not the place to enter upon the Question though there was plenty to say upon 'Jk He thought they would agree they ought 10 manufacture the article required by the Public, and ought to suit the taste of their customers, the operatives in the neigh- bouring counties of Lancashire and Yorkshire, *ho Want;e(j a cheese as rich as butter, very ™"d, and to be eaten new. In making that class of cheese farmers studied what would 'lDke the most money. Some farmers were <8hll making the old fashioned long keeping cheese, but the bulk of them made an article to Produce the most money quickly. Mr. p. SPEAKMAN (Runcorn) mentioned that Jae got his cheese from the Worleston Institute. Recently an officer had some of it at his house, and he liked it so much that he asked him to send him some to India. It was sent out and all the officers liked it very much. With the Bishop of Chester he hoped they would all ask for Cheshire cheese when they went abroad. (Hear, hear.) UARKBT GARDENERS AND THE AGRICULTURAL SCHOOL. It appeared that at a meeting of the Holmes Chapel Agricultural and Horticultural School Committee a memorial was presented from market gardeners and others residing in Macclesfield and the neighbourhood, asking the committee that garden produce from the Agricultural School should not be sent to the 'tnarket at Macclesfield. The committee re- solved That'the prayer of the memorial be not enter- ^ined, but that instructions be given to the fener at the school that care must be taken *hat the practice of underselling be not had ^course to. 4RWER8 AND THE SWINE FEVER REGULATIONS. i, It was reported that at a recent meeting of he Executive Committee under the Diseases of ^nimals Acts, 1994, the Clerk laid before the ^Umittee the following resolution passed by Nantwich Farmers' Club, viz :— fev in the opinion of this meeting the swine 'VertT .regulations and restrictions now in force are y. injurious to Cheshire farmers who are large of e+u 8 of pigs, while at the same time in spite dia restrictions there still exist some cases of the that8"8-6' a"u^ we repectfully submit to your Council far», Would be greatly to the advantage of res?^tS- an^ dealers generally if the present to °^ons were revoked, and arrangements made :Hia<kla^e farmers to remove pigs in or out of ^erif 8 under licence if necessary, so as to pre- ""t the loss consequent on compulsory sale as at £ A.nd further to give facilities for the ;jnrrying on of the ordinary trade of the district n 8tore pigs which is so much crippled by the preseBt regulations. „ .p And also a letter from the Audlem Parish t<.°Uncil upon the subject matter of such resolu- when after hearing the views of the chief thereon, it was resolved :— Yi: at the; Clerk reply to the foregoing commnnica- » that the committee do not feel justified at *n asking the Board of Agriculture to 3?„• e their order under which the Markets and Order, 1896, is now operative in this county. PROPOSED EXTENSION OF CHESTER. seemed from the minutes of the Local *f0vernment Acts Committee, that at a meeting *6.id at Crewe, the Clerk laid before the com- 5^ttee letters from (a) the Town Clerk of the of Chester, transmitting plan shewing reposed extension of the City of Chester by "deluding within the borough parts of the Parishes of Newton-by-Chester and Greftk f0ughton, in the Chester Rural District, and Jso the whole of the Hoole Urban District, so asking for the appointment of repre- sentatives to confer with representatives ^Pointed by the City Council upon such LroPosal, &c. /M The Clerk to Hoole t.r an District Council enclosing copy resolu- ob? °f the Council of that district Jecting to the proposed incorporation of that ^'strict. (C) The clerk to Newton-by-Chester Council, enclosing copy of resolution Port? by that Council that they object to any citl? of the parish being included within the of Chester, (d) The Chief Constable on Proposal. The committee resolved :— °Pt>OKiftlle Coun<5il be recommended to CowV0n 10 the proposals of the Chester Town 'and to support the objection of th ban District Council and the Newton Parish Council, and that the matter be referred to the Parliamentary Committee to take action in the matter; that the Clerk intimate to the Town Clerk of the city of Chester that, having regard to the last resolution, the committee do not consider it advisable to appoint representatives to confer thereon with representatives appointed by the City Council. The minutes were adopted without discussion. THE STRIKE AT UPTON ASYLUM. Mr. JOHN THOMPSON said a letter had been received from Messrs. Grayson and Ould, architects for the extension of Upton Asylum, which was rather instructive. They stated:- There are more non-unionist plasterers on the work, and the contractors are expecting they will have more applications from men, but so far as we can hear there seems to be no pro- bability of the strike coming to an end. THE MAIN ROADS PROPOSED DECREASE OF WORKMEN. The COUNTY SURVEYOR (Mr. H. F. Bull) reported that he had inspected the whole of the main roads in the county, being accom- panied in each district by a sub-committee. The bub-committees, in their general observa- tions, said :—The sub-committees consider the roads generally are in good order and greatly improved. That more finger-posts were required throughout the district, and that the mileage should be marked on those arms which point to outlying places not marked on the milestones. That there is still a quantity of kerbing to be done, and footpaths required, but that they consider that they could not recommend an increase of the grant which is usually allowed each year for that purpose. That in some of the rural parts where difficul- ties arise in the main-road workmen finding cottages convenient to their work in which to reside, the Council should provide or erect such cottages. That the sub committee are of opinion that there should be a reduction in the number of the main-road workmen permanently in charge of the roads by increasing in some cases the lengths of road assigned to certain of such men, and the sub-committee recommend that the county surveyor should take this matter into consideration when dealing with the amounts to be provided in the estimates to be expended on manual labour during next year. Mr. JOSEPH BECKETT (chairman of the Main Roads Committee) moved the adoption of the minutes. Mr. THOMAS BAXTER (Frodsham), in second- ing, said by erecting cottages for the men nearer the scene of their work they would enable the men to do more work than at present, and the saving thus effected would be very good interest on the outlay in building the cottages. Cottages were already built for the policemen, and the roadmen were quite as much entitled to them. Capt. CONGREVE thought the old toll houses might be used for the men. They were good enough for the old turnpike men, but perhaps they might not be good enough for modern ideas. (Laughter.) The minutes were adopted. THE POLLUTED DEE. UNNECESSARY WELSH ALARM. Mr. T. W. KILLICK (Altrincham), referring to the recent Local Government Board enquiry into the application for the formation of a joint committee to enforce the Rivers Pollution Prevention Act, 1876, in the watershed of the Dee, pointed out that there was no need for the alarm across the border on the subject. The committee would only have the power of enforcing the Act, and its powers were very strictly limited. In the first place there was the power of dealing with solids put into a stream so as to interfere with its due now in the next place there was power of dealing with sewage pollution, but that was not an offence if the poliuter proved he was using the best practicable and available means, and in the last place there was the power of dealing with manufacturing pollution, but here again there was no offence if the polluter proved he was using the best practicable and available means, and also in this case application had to be made to the Local Government Board for permission to prosecute. There was not the slightest fear of any unjust treatment or any tyranny, for as a matter of fact the Act was rather too lenient to the polluter. If the Chester Water Company said they would give them a contribution it was to the advantage of everyone, and to the dis- advantage of nobody. Why their friends across the border in Wales should be so frightened of the Chester Water Company he confessed he was utterly unable to understand. Mr. THOMPSON said the Welsh authorities made the mistake of supposing that the Council wanted them to help in purifying the water, whereas they wanted them to help in preventing the impurification of the water. THE FAIR WAGE CLAUSE. A REBUKF FOR THE TRADES COUNCILS. It appeared that at a meeting of the General Purposes Committee, held at Crewe on October 15th, the Clerk laid before the committee the memorial from the Combined Trades and Labour Councils of Cheshire, as to inserting a fair wage clause in all contracts made by the Council, and which was referred to this committee by the Council at its last meeting, and a copy of which is set out in the proceed- ings thereof. The committee resolved:— That the Council be recommended to impose a condition upon all persons or firms carrying out work for the Council to pay such rates of wages and observe such conditions of employment as are generally accepted as current for competent work- men in each trade in the district or districts where such work shall be carried out, and that this recommendation be referred to the Standing Orders Committee to prepare for insertion in contracts standard clauses to give effect thereto and to submit the same to a future meeting of the Council Mr. E. MILNER (Northwich) having moved the adoption of the minutes, Mr. DUNCAN GRAHAM proposed as an amend- ment :— That the report be not adopted, this Council being of opinion that it does not fall within the scope of its functions to intervene in its corporate capacity in any question affecting the relations between employers and employed. It was their desire, he knew, to prevent anything like sweating, but the resolution of the General Purposes Committee touched a phase of a question which was agitating the country. For example, they were threatened with a strike in the cotton trade, which would have most disastrous results, and they also had in progress the disastrous engineers' strike, which was undoubtedly causing numerous orders to be placed out of this country. He hoped the Council would reflect before it com- mitted itself to an expression of opinion on one phase of this important question. He took up no attitude either for or against trades unions, and he took an entirely dispassionate view of the labour question, and he did not think the Council was called upon to express an opinion on the subject. Mr. JOHN THOMPSON, in seconding, con- tended that it was not for the Council to interfere in a question of this kind, and that they had better go on their even way as they had done. He believed hitherto the contracts of the Council had been carried out in a way satisfactory to everybody, and the only enquiry they bad made was as to the contractor's respectability and competency to execute the work. Mr. C. H. PEDLEY (Mayor of Crewe) said they had had the clause in their contracts in Crewe for six or seven years, and it had worked satisfactorily. Dr. HEWITT (Northwich) said the object of the committee's resolution was not to interfere in disputes, but to word their contracts in such a manner as to prevent disputes. Mr. FRANCIS GREG (Bollington) in supporting the amendment, said the resolution, instead of avoiding friction, would cause the maximum of friction. Mr. PLATT HIGGINS, M.P., in supporting the resolution, hoped it would not go forth that the County Council was less concerned for the wel- fare of the workers than the House of Lords. He was in favour of the clause, because it would give anyone who wished to make a complaint to the Council in a matter of this kind a locus standi. Mr. MILNER said the object of the clause was to enable them to intervene in the case of a contractor who did not pay a fair wage. I Mr. G. B. BAKER (Rode Hall) and Mr. W. R. EARP (Daresbury) both supported the amend- ment, the latter remarking that he failed to see what good the clause would do to anyone. It could not benefit the ratepayers, because four- fifths of them were workmen, and if they benefitted them they must also take the money out of their (the workmen's) pockets. Mr. C. H. BOOTH (Dukin field) contended that the clause would debar a contractor living in one district from tendering for work in another district, if the standard rate of wages in his district was not the same as that in the other district. Mr J. E. BARLOW, M.P., supported the reso- lution, considering it their duty to see that the district, if the standard rate of wages in his district was not the same as that in the other district. Mr J E. BARLOW, M.P., supported the reso- lution, considering it their duty to see that the work they gave out was given out on fair and equitable conditions. Dr. Hodgson (Crewe) and Mr. W. Barron (Hyde) supported the resolution, and Alderman Beeley and Mr. E. H. Greg opposed it. Mr. JOHN THOMPSON explained that there were not long ago tenders given for some work in the county. The tenders from builders who were under the operation of the fair wage clause averaged about R9,000, while the tenders given by those not supposed to be under the clause averaged about £ 7,300. There was a difference of about 26 per cent, in the amounts. On a division the amendment was put first, and the Chairman declared that the ayes' had it. The result, therefore, is that the resolution of the Committee in favour of the clause is defeated. COUNTY FINANCES. A LOW RATE. The CHAIRMAN of the FINANCE COMMITTEE (Dr. Atkinson) moved :— That a county rate of 2Jd. in the £ be levied for the purposes of the county for the ensuing six months, and that precepts be issued accordingly that a general police rate of one-eighth of a Id. in the JE1 be levied for the purposes of the police fund for the ensuing six months, to be collected and paid with the county rate that the following local police rates be levied for the ensuing six months, the same to be collected and paid with the county rate Broxton district at one-half of a Id. in the £ Altrincham three-fourths, Eddis- bury one-half, Nantwich five-eighths. Middlewich three-fourths, North Wirral l, South Wirral seven eights, Hyde 1. Macclesfield five-eighths, Stockport three-fourths, Runcorn seven-eighths that the following hundred bridge rates be levied for the ensuing six months, the same to be collected and paid with the county rate, viz. Bucklow Hundred, one-eighth of a Id. in the JE, Macclesfield one-sixteenth. Dr. ATKINSON explained that the bills and accounts submitted, and which provide for expenditure to be met before the meeting of the Council in February next, amounted to £ 66,281 13a. 7d. The like this time last year was R77,283 10s. lid.. The general cash balance of the county fund now was R68,960 9s. 7d., com- paring with £ 58,47415s. 7d. this time lastyear. In the accounts now submitted provision was made for all expenditure, which would probably be met upon the architects' certificates before the next Council meeting, on account of the works being proceeded with at the Upton Asylum and the Runcorn and Egremont Police Stations and Magistrates'-rooms; and also the balances on account of the Park side laundry extension and the new Dee Bridge. The amount paid so far on account of the works at Upton Asylum was £ 68,621 Is. 2d. The balance still due to Flint- shire on account of the new Dee Bridge was £ 494 10s. 9d., and it was expected that they would make this payment shortly. These large expenditures which had had to be met of late out of loans, have necessarily increased the in- debtedness of the County Council, the county debt now being R117,817 Os. Bd., but it was a satisfaction to be able to report that the new loans had been effected at the lowest rates at which it bad been possible to get them. The County Council owed nothing to the bank, and although there was a large balance in hand on the current account, the actual working balance of the County Council was not more than ten thousand pounds. With regard to the annual estimates which, pursuant to the Local Government Act, it was necessary to consider at this half-yearly period, the Finance Committee had pleasure in saying that they would not require to exceed the estimates as approved by the Council in May last, and for the half-year now entered upon the rates then estimated would practically be sufficient to meet all requirements of the County Council up to the end of the financial year. The rates levied by the County Counoil this year would compare very favourably with previous years, and were of much less amount in the aggregate. Mr. J. J. EVANS (Bebington) seconded, and Dr. HEWITT, in supporting the resolution, said it was satisfactory that in the eighth year of its existence the Council was able to levy the extremely low rate of 21d. They might congratulate themselves that notwithstanding the enormously increased responsibility thrown upon them such a low rate would cover the whole of their expenses. The local authorities in his district were eminently satisfied. The resolution was carried.
MOLD COSMOPOLITAN SOCIETY. ♦ INTERESTING ADDRESS BY MR. RAIKES. After profitably devoting two of their weekly meetings to the consideration cf such weighty subjects as government funds and life assurance, the members of the Cosmopolitan Society on Tuesday evening proceeded from grave to gay,' in point of fact the meeting was correctly described as the most diverting assembly in the history of the society. Mr. W. H. R. M. Johnson was voted to the chair, and there was a crowded attendance of members assembled for the purpose of hearing a paper by Mr. Henry St. John Raikes, J.P. (Llwynegrin), which appeared in the syllabus under the attractive title of 'Odds and Ends.' After the disposal of pre- liminary business, the Chairman said it was purely a matter of form to introduce Mr. Raikes to them. The name of his family had for generations been associated with matters tending to the improvement and cultivation of the people of Mold. Mr. RAIKES who, upon rising, was received with enthusiasm, said that he had taken the liberty of amending the title of his paper by adding a sub-title, and he would there- fore deal with the subject of Odds and Ends; or unconsidered trifles/ Proceed- ing with his subject Mr. Raikes remarked that it had been said that life was made up of trifles, and when he was asked some weeks ago to read a paper before that society, it occurred to him that an evening might profitably bo devoted to the consideration of those small things which the unthinking derided as unimportant, merely because the influence they exerted upon our well-being was not as a rule immediately perceptible or calculated to arrest the attention of those who were unused to looking beneath the surface. Odds and ends,' treated from the simple standpoint, offered a wide field. The collector, as a rule, whether he be a dustman or the editor of Tit Snaps, did not trouble himself very much about the part his trophies played in the general scheme of life. He collected for a purpose, and that purpose was to put money into his own pocket. The dust- man was but a humble member of the fraternity of collectors. He stood but one rung higher than those who gathered together trifles merely for their own amusement and that ofe their friends. At the top of the profession they found the proprietors of successful newspapers. He made no invidious distinctions between such established journals as the Times, which collected from all sources, the Spectator. which* depended mainly on our canine friends, or the papers of an avowedly snippety nature, the development of which might be regarded as the direct outcome of our national system of education. These all did useful work, as, indeed, did the dustman. Incidentally the papers went one step further they strove to amuse and elevate (for if they did not offer attractive fare their wares would remain unsold), and sometimes they succeeded in the most unexpected manner. The Times, for instance, had a reputation for unconscious humour, which must have cost its editors a deal of thought to build up. As a humble member of the lowest class of the fraternity of collectors of odds and ends,' he would try to follow his leader's example at any rate in one particular, and endeavour to make amends for the heavy solemnity of the earlier portion of his lecture. Mr. Raikes here interpolated some explanations of common terms, the origin of certain inn signs, churchyard odds and ends, hotel book odds and ends, and legal odds and ends, which—and particularly the latter-proved highly diverting, and the audience (like Oliver Twist) would fain have cried for more. In conclusion, Mr. Raikes said: I am not here to- night to preach to you, and I hesitate to offer even one small piece of advice. But if I may do so, I will say to you Do not despise small things," for the man who makes a mark in life is the man whopossses that infinite capacity for taking pains, which if not genius, as Disraeli once asserted, frequently achieves the most splendid results out of material which the ordinary mortal would contemptuously describe as merely odds and ends.' Mr. Raikee resumed his seat amid tumultuous applause, and on the motion of the Chairman, seconded by Mr. J. Griffiths, Plas Onn, he was the recipient of the unanimous thanks of the society. Mr. Raikes responded in a humorous speech, after which Mr. J. P. Adams sang The wonders of the deep,' and a delightful evening then terminated.
During some structural alterations at Bishop's Palace, Matthern, near Chepstow, on Saturday, a chimney staek fell, and fivQ men were more or less seriously injured.
COUNTY POLICE COURT. SATURDAY.—Before Mr. H. D. Trelawny, the Hon. C. T. Parker, Messrs. John Thompson and J. Pover. NIGHT POACHING ON THE EATON ESTATE: A DANGEROUS AMUSEMENT.—Peter Croft and John Edwards were charged with night poaching on the Eaton estate on November 10th. John Grice, gamekeeper, said that at eight o'clock at night be and Mr. Garland, the head gamekeeper, were in the Bretton drive, when they found defendants coming up from the wood. They stopped them and found them in possession of two nets, fourteen pegs, and four warm rabbits. -Defendants pleaded guilty.—The magistrates retired to consider their decision, and on returning the Chairman eaid the magistrates set their faces against night poaching. It was a dangerous amusement. Croft, against whom there was a long list of crime, would be sent to prison for a month, and be bound over not to offend again for a year, in two sureties of 95 or one of L10. Edwards, whose record was not so bad, would be sent to prison for 14 days, and be bound over in the same manner. THEFTS BY A YOUTH AT CHRISTLETON: A FIRST OFFIC ND E P. William Roberts, labourer, aged 20, was charged with stealing a horse rug, lady's dressing gown, and a diamond pin, valued at 40s., the property of Edwin Price, Woodbank, Christleton. — Prisoner pleaded guilty to stealing the pin and dressing gown, but said he knew nothing about the rug.—Edwin Price, poultry dealer, Woodbank, Christleton, said that prisoner was employed by him as a labourer, and had free access to the house. He missed the gown, which had been hanging behind the scullery door, and also the pin from his dressing room. The horse rug had also disappeared. He reported the matter to the police. The pin (produced) he recognised as his property, and was worth about 30s. — P.C. Molyneux said from informa- tion he received from the last witness he spoke to prisoner about the theft, but the latter denied all knowledge of the affair. How- ever, later on, when the officer was taking him to the police station, Roberts admitted that he took the pin, but not the other articles. Witness, in company with Detective-Inspector Pearson, afterwards went to prisoner's home, and found that the gown had been cut up and made into a child's frock. Prisoner's brother, who is a soldier on furlough, handed him a pawn ticket in respect of the pin, which they recovered from Mr. Dutton, pawnbroker. On the officer's again charging him with stealing all the articles, he replied, It's a lie about the rug, but I did take the other things."—Samuel Lunt, farmer, Christleton, and prisoner's brother testified as to Roberts' good character previous to the theft, and the magistrates, after retiring, announced that they were reluctant to send a man to prison for his first offence, and having regard to his previous good character, and the valuable evidence given in his behalf by the witnesses, he would be discharged.—Prisoner was then bound over in the sum of £10 to come up for judgment if called upon. AN OBSTREPEROUS PAUPER.—Sarah Beatty, a pauper, was charged with being drunk and disorderly, also with assaulting Maria Dugdale, on November 12tb.-William Dugdale, taskmaster at the Chester Union Workhouse, said that prisoner on Thursday obtained half-a- day's leave, and returned to the Workhouse shortly after seven o'clock. She was drunk, and kicked up a row.—Maria Dugdale, also employed at the Workhouse, said that when prisoner came in she was drunk and abusive. She struck witness across the face and arm, and would not do as she was told.— Prisoner, when asked what she had to say, remarked that the others were to blame, and that my arms is black, and my bones is black." (Laughter.)—She was sent to prison for 14 days for being drunk, and for 21 days for the assault, the sentences to run consecutively. CRUELTY TO A HOKSK IN HOOLE.—John Sinker, coal dealer, was charged with ill-treating a horse by working it while in an unfit state, on Oct. 26th.-P.C. Thomas Worthington, stationed at Hoole, said that he saw defendant working a black horse in Hoole. The animal was drawing a lurry containing thirty-five hundred weight of coal, and when he examined ic he found four raw wounds on the horse's off shoulder.—Sergt. Finchett and Inspector Pocock, R.S.P.C.A., also gave evidence. —Mr. Brassey, for the defence, said that the animal's lameness was caused by a growth in the joint, which, however, caused no pain. The wounds were not so bad as made out. James Storrar, veterinary surgeon, said he examined the horse a few days ago, and saw nothing wrong with it. The wounds had healed up.- By the Bench No one would be justified in working a horse with raw shoulders.-A fine of 20s. and costs (£1 lis. 6d. in all) was inflicted.
CITY POLICE COURT. FRIDAY.—Before the Mayor (Mr. J. G. Holmes), Messrs. L. Gilbert and R. Jackson. MRS. HOWLEY APPEARS AlaAIN.-The appear- ance in court of Mary Howley, a well-known clothes dealer in the city, to once more account for the non-payment for the purchase of goods, on an order made against her, occasioned no little surprise to the unsuspecting public, as it was no doubt popularly understood that the ultimate decision of the magistrates some days ago to commit her to prison that same day, failing her production of the remaining money before the time arrived for her conveyance to Knutsford, had been promptly recognised. The only facts palpable to outsiders, however, are that Mrs. Howley has neither paid the money since nor gone to gaol.—Miss Bolt, the prosecu- trix, who lives at Christleton, re-stated her case. Only Ll 16a. of the debt (which is about 25) has been paid.-Detective Pryce Wynne, in the box. questioned by the Chief Constable, stated that defendant's husband was a joiner, in constant employment, and was a respectable man. To witness' own knowledge Mrs. Howley had been guilty for years of vagaries in her clothes dealing.—Mr. Fenwick: In fact she has swindled people for miles round ?- Witness: She has.—The Clerk (Mr. Davison): Mrs. Howley, what have you to say ?— Well, if Miss Rolt will give me a month, I will pay. Mr. Fenwick said the public had been cautioned over and over again through the press against this woman. She drove to her customers' houses in a cab, took the' goods, and promised future payment. She invariably never paid a farthing. Her property could not be seized, as it was in her father's name.—Defendant: It is wicked to tell lies like that! (Laughter.)—The Mayor: If you don't pay the money within fourteen days, you will be committed for one month. The warrant lies in the hands of the Chief Constable. —Defendant: I cannot pay. ASSAULT ON A REFRESHMENT ROOM PRO- PRIBTOR. William Arthur Shepherd Eum- moned John Fleming, lodger, living at Tarvin Bridge, for assault. Defendant made no appearance.—Mr. E. Brassey, for prosecutor, said his client keeps refreshment rooms in Foregate-street. Upon closing time on Saturday the defendant, who was the worse for drink, tried to force an entrance to the house. He was told to go away, but became very violent and struck Shepherd. The police were called. Soon afterwards Shepherd, while taking a stroll along Foregate-street, met defendant, who deliberately struck him three or four violent blows. As a result prosecutor was seriously disabled, and lay in bed for some days under medical care. -Prosecutor, in bear- ing out this statement, said to his re- collection, he had never spoken to or seen defendant before that night.—Dr. Harrison deposed to attending prosecutor. He found bruises about the neck and face, and a large bruise on the leg. The man also had a black eye.—The Bench fined defendant 40s. and costs, or in default a month's imprisonment. SATURDAY.—Before the Mayor (Mr. J. G. Holmes), Messrs. L. Gilbert, R. L. Barker, and R. Jackson. A GIPST AND HIS WORN-OUT Hoftsic.-Rie-hard Taylor, a gipsy, was charged with cruelty to a horse by working it while in an unfit state the previous day. He pleaded guilty.—P.C. Hatton deposed to seeing defendant driving the horse along Tarvin-road. The animal appeared worn out, and walked on three legs. It was almost unable to walk.—On defendant's promise to destroy the animal immediately, the Bench dismissed the case.
WHAT MONEY CAN Do,—Money can do a great deal, but it cannot do everything. It cannot Btop the passing o time, it cannot make us young again, it cannot renew with health the enfeebled frame. In the face of the demon ill.bealth, rich and poor are on an equality. Rich and poor have to seek the same remedies, and wise indeed are they if, in their sorrow and suffering, they turn to Holloway's Pills and Ointment. These are within the reach of the poor as well as of the rich, and it 4a no idle testimony, but the natural result of long ex- perience, which has declared Hollow ay to be the poor man's friend,
PRIMROSE GATHERING AT OULTON PARK. THE RADICAL POLICY OF SCUTTLE. STRONG DENUNCIATION BY MR. TOLLEMACHE. A most successful gathering under the auspices of the Delamere Forest Habitation of the Primrose League, was held at Oulton Park on Tuesday evening. The proceedings were on a large scale, including some excellent speeches, a concert, a supper, and a dance. A spacious marquee with a wooden floor had been erected near the Oulton Park Schools, and while the supper was served in the schools, the remainder of the programme was gone through in the tent, the interior of which had been tastefully decorated with bunting, and presented a bright appearance. Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart., presided, and an attendance numbering about three or four hundred, included the Ruling Councillor (Lady Grey Egerton), Mr. Henry Tollemache, M.P., Mr. Ackerley (provincial secretary for this district), Mr. and Mrs. Delves Broughton, Captain Baldwin, Miss Reiss, the hon. secretaries (Miss Cholmondeley and Mr. Alec F. Douglass), Messrs. T. Finchett, J. P. Jackson, H. Hopley, J. Barker, A. E. Lloyd, R. Done, J. Lewis, &c. The CHAIRMAN, in opening the proceedings, said the condition of the Delamere Forest Habitation was most satisfactory. In 1896 there was an increase of 91 upon the previous year's membership, and this year there was an additional increase of 74, making a total membership in the habitation of 800 odd. (Applause.) That spoke extremely well for the district. The district was a very scattered one, and it was a difficult matter to meet together in one place. The question of whether they should have a meeting at Sandiway as well as there was thoroughly threshed out, but the idea had to be abandoned, because there was no place at Sandiway where a meeting could very well be held. Mr. ACKERLEY, provincial secretary for this district, in a speech on the aims and methods of the Primrose League, said he was very pleased to see how their opponents w-ere speak- ing of the league. A Liberal paper he noticed the other day described it as the most powerful organisation upon the Unionist side, and one that was DOING AN EXCELLENT WOBK. The paper went on to say that although they did not agree with the way in which the work was done, they could not disguise from themselves that it was a most powerful instrument on the Unionist side, and they hoped the attention of the leaders of the Liberal party would be drawn to the success of the Primrose League, and that they would endeavour to get a similar organisation. (Hear, hear.) He was not afraid, however, of the Radicals attempting to start a rival organisa- tion. He urged them to support the Primrose League, because it stuod by religion and religious education, and because it taught patriotism. (Applause.) Mr. HENRY TOLLBUACHS, who was cordially received, said it was always a pleasure to come to Oulton, as one was perfectly certain of getting a good audience there and receiving a very hearty welcome. The other day speaking at Chester he said the Government at the present moment was not going quite so strong as one could wish, and his friends in London had spoken to him on the subject. All the same he could not but think that the last few elections. did not redound altogether to the credit of the Unionist party, and he wished very heartily that the elections that were ooming off would shew a better result. They had, however, to remember the old electioneering axiom, that at bye-elections it was not the best measure, but the best candidate that won. When they had a general election and the whole of the common- sense of the country was asked for a verdict then it was the REST CAUSE WHlCH WON, and, therefore, although, we might possibly lose a bye-election now and then, he still hoped that at the general election the verdict of the country would be in favour of the Unionist Government, which was now in office. (Applause.) One of his great hopes for the outcome of the general election was that the cause of the country was the same as that for which. the Unionist party waa fighting, and for which the Primrose League had done, was doing, and would do such noble work, and that was the cause of religion* of patriotism, of liberty, and freedom. (Applause.) So long as they could inscribe such mottoes on their banner, so long did he believe that any opposition which came against those great principles would never have a chance of success at any really important general election That was their cause and the cause of the Primrose League—the mainten- ance of religion, of our Empire, our liberty and freedom for every man, woman, and child, so long as they conformed to the laws of the land. (Applause.) On the other side what pro- gramme had our opponents to put forward & So far as he could see at the present moment they had no policy, no practical, active policy at all. (Hear, hear.) Their policy was simply one of CAB-FING, UNGENEROUS CRITICISM of those who were in power at the present moment p their policy was simply to belittle every effort made for the extension or even the maintenance of our Empire; their policy was to make the most ungenerous remarks about those who were fighting the battles of their Queen and country in foreign lands, and their policy at home was to set class against class and to do everything they could to sow the seeds of discord instead of endeavour- ing to make us a happy and contented, people. (Applause.) Could any elector, could any of the ladies present doubt which was the cause all loyal English men and English women. ought to support ? If there was one subject more than another which eught to be free from the acrimony of party discussions and party bias it was the question of our relations with foreign nations. (Applause.) In England we occupied a very very small but very precious corner of the globe, but our responsi- bilities did not cease with the shores of England. We had possessions and relations with people in every corner of the globe, and the possession of these lands necessarily brought us into contact with every nation on the face of Europe. The difficulties that fell to a foreign minister at the present time were simply incalculable, and if there was one man more than another who deserved the support of everyone who called himself a patriot, or who loved his country, it was Lord Salisbury. (Applause.) We had been engaged this year in celebrating the sixtieth year of the noble reign of the VERY BEST SOVEREIGN who ever sat on any throne ip this world- (applause)—and we had given ourselves over in the last few months to a general chorus of love for our sovereign, and rejoicing at the success and prosperity which had attended her long reign, and all the time we were congratulating ourselves on this access of empire, on the freedom and liberty which every individual, be he black or white, enjoyed under the reign of the good Queen, difficulties had been accumu- lating. We had had difficulties all over the world, and at this time of all others he said it was lucky Lord Salisbury should have control of our foreign relations. Even if the Govern- ment could not have the hearty support of our I opponents, and he supposed that was impossible from a Radical, at least there ought to be fain and generous treatment from those who had not got to conduct the very delicate relations at this difficult time. Instead of that they found responsible leaders of the opposition going round the country making speeches and endeavouring by every means in their power to raise the feeling of the country agaiast the foreign policy of the present administration. If they took what was commonly called the EASTERN QUESTION relating to Greece and Turkey, they found Lord Salisbury held up to execration by these worthy men as being utterly unworthy his place as foreign minister. He saw that Mr. John Morley bad said, Greece lies crushed and ruined on the ground, but beaten though Greece may be, that does not lesson my sympathy with her, nor does it shake my conviction that the cause in which she has been struck to the ground was a right cause against a wrong one- the cause of light against darkness, the cause of hope against despair. It is one of the most unfortunate chapters in the history of British diplomacy.* That was fine language, anct, of course, Mr. Morley was a well-known writer and speaker, but when it was resolved into sober English the cause of light against darkness, of hope against despair,' it meant that Greece thought she sAw an opportunity of seizing a portion of the territory of Turkey, and she would not be persuaded by ail the great Powers to cease from this nefarious plan. All the great Powers were resolved that if possible there should be no European War, and they did all they could to prevent Greece from annexing Crete, with success, and they did all they could to prevent Greece from going to war with Turkey, but without success. When that consummation was reached, when war between Greece and Turkey broke out, the only real friend of Greece was Lord Salisbury representing England, and instead of being denounced by Mr. Morley and others for desert- ing Greece and leaving her at the mercy of her oppressors LORD SALISBURY DESERVED THE THANKS of every lover of Greece for the exertions he had made, and he (Mr. Tollemache) believed suc- cessfully made to save Greece from the results of her deplorable folly. (Applause ) He was glad to see that some responsible Radicals did not share th view of Mr. Morley. Lord Rosebery, as they knew, gave up the proud position of Prime Minister because he wanted to have a clear hand in speaking of this Eastern Question, and he said at once it would have been madness in the cause of Greece, madness for England to leave the concert of the great Powers, to leave them to act towards Greece in any way they thought fit. Sir Edward Grey, who was Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs, had also written a letter, in which he said he thought Lord Salisbury should not have left the concert, and therefore have left Greece at the mercy of the other Powers, who did not care so much for het. With regard to the NORTH-WEST FRONTIER OF INDIA, at the present moment there was a tremendous outcry being raised against this country because our rulers in India had advised the Government, and the Government bad assented to that advice, to maintain our relations in the district of Chitral. We had had political relations with that part of India for a con- siderable number of years. We had not, how- ever, annexed it, and did not intend to annex it, but Chitral was not like this peaceful neighbourhood of Little Bud worth; it was a very wild country, and during the last few years there had been one continual scene of outrage, disorder and murder there. In Chitral the strongest chief for the moment seized the throne, or rather the main control of the neigh- bourhood, and there he remained until some stronger man came and cut his throat. During the last eight or ten years there had been half- a-dozen rulers there who had been murdered by those who thought they would step into their shoes. We had had a political resident there for some time, supported by a small British garrison, and in 1895, when the Radical Government was in power, the whole country rose against us, and it became necessary to relieve that garrison. That was very gallantly done by our soldiers, and having done that the Radical Government with the same policy which actuated them in their dealings with General Gordon at Khartoum, and with President Kruger at Johannesburg, decided to abandon the country, in the face of the most urgent remonstrances from their own viceroy, Lord Elgin. Before that could be carried out, he was thankful to say, the Radical Government was turned out of office, and when the present Government came into power they said they would maintain their relations, and now they were denounced by Mr. Morley, Mr. Asquith, and all the responsible leaders of the Glad- stonian party, because we maintained our relations with these distant tribes, and they declared we ought to abandon the country and leave them,to fight it out among themselves, and have no further concern with them. One of the main planks in the platform of the Prim- rose League was patriotism and the MAINTENANCE OF OUR EMPIRE, and he said the maintenance of the Empire was not safe if we had in power a Government which would be actuated by such plans and principles as those enunciated by Mr. Morley and Mr. Asquith. Unless we could maintain our Empire, and even unless we could extend it. there was no hope for the teeming masses of our own dear little island, which was far too small to maintain them. Yet wherever we went, the efforts we were making in the cause of civiliza- tion and patriotism were met by these ungenerous criticisms, by these unfair argu- ments, and everything was done to make the government of the country as difficult as poBeible, while our opponents had, no alterna- tive policy to put forward. As was said by Mr. Chamberlain the other day, their principal policy was one they had borrowed from the tribes on the north-west frontier of India. These tribes did not like to meet the British forces in open combat, because they knew they would get the worst of it, and they crawled around the camps at night indulging in snipin: which was firing casual shots-into the camp on the chance of hitting some of the men, and he deeply regretted to say that they had been too successful in killing many of our gallant soldiers in that way. That was the policy also which actuated the Opposition at the present time-they had no policy to put before the country, and they simply went sniping about the country, firing these casual. shots in the hope that they might do. some harm. When the time came for the country to pronounce its verdict, he did not think they would approve of such tactics. They would hold that the Government which had put a good policy before the country, and had done its best to carry it out, was a Government far more worthy of support than a party with no policy at all to put before them. (Applause.) Mr. Chamberlain, speaking at Glasgow, said he had taken the trouble to loek through all the addresses of the Unionist candidates at the last general election, to see what it was they had put before those whom they hoped would become their constituents, and he said the most popular plank in the Unionist platform was OLD AGE PENSIONS. Well, that question, so far, bad not been dealt with, but a committee had been, appointed. to see if something could be done in that way, so that when a man was incapacitated for work by old age, or disease, or illness, he might have something more to look forward to than old age spent in the workhouse. There could be no nobler task before any British Govern- ment. We did want some reform in our work- house system, so that our deserving, neighbours who had nothing against them except poverty, should have eomethibg better to look forward to in their old age than the present system,, however well conducted it might be. (Applause.) The Government had done its best in that way, and he hoped before another session or two was over; they would have done something towards altering the condition of our workhouses. The next popular thing in the addresses was the increase of the Navy, They might depend upon it that unless out Navy was stronger than any combination that could possibly be brought against us, and when that day happened that we were not strong enough to meet the combined forces of our enemies,, that day England would almost cease to exist. Another plank was AGRICULTURAL. DRBRESSION, and tbe Government had done something for that,.having passed a Bill for facilitating the cosstsruction of light railways the Agricultural Ratiag Bill, whereby half the rates on land were now thrown on a consolidated fiund; and a Billprohibiting the importation of livocattle into this country from foreign countries where there WAS cattle disease. The maintenance of Voluntary schools was also P., very important plank in our last electioneering platform, and the Govern- • ment had given a sum in Cheshire asooikntiBg to something like f.36,000 a year to assist these Voluntary schools, while they had also exempted thera from rating. All these things might be small, but at any rate they were ques- tions which aSected the DIRECT INTXRESTS Oif THE P-1iI0tI"1.&, and therefore were well worthy of support. (Hear, heaf.) He was ashamed of speaking of India in the presence of their friend Captain Baldwin, who knew a good deal more about the subject than many people. (Hear, hear.) If Captain Baldwin was upon that platform he could tell them the difference between British and native rule in these plaoes. He asked them to read the account of the expedition up the Nile at the present moment, read how the poor people welcomed the approach of the English and Egyptian troops, freeing them froo» the domination of those terrors, the Mahdi and the Khalifa, to read of the expedition to Benin, the account of our fcjoops' advance through what were callod the crucifixion trees, where men and women were crucified from day to day to appease the local gods, read of the hundreds of skills lying there, and then let them tell him ii they would rather have a policy which had accomplished all this, or the policy of scuttle which our Badioal friends were so fond of preaching. (Applause.) The Government were fighting the cause of England am4 of civilisation when they did all they could to relieve these dark continents from the terrible and cruel domina- tion at present rtding over them. (Loud applause.) The concert followed. Miss Hartopp, Miss Herbert and Miss Reiss each contributed songs in a charming style, while Mr. Delves (Broughton) excellently played two selections on the violin, and- Mr. T. H. Sharrack gave several comic songs. The feature of the pro- gramme, however, was Sir Philip's rendering in character of three of Chevalier's songs. His make up was capital, and his drollery created roars of laughter. After the concert there came the supper, and subsequently dancing was carried on with much spirit to the strains of the Tarporley Band till an early hour in the morning, all declaring that the event had been most enjoyable.
The Editor is not responsible for tbe opinions of bis correspondents. All letters must be authenticated by the sender's name and address, not necessarily for publication. "1'
THE MILDNESS OF THE SEASON. Sir,—As your paper has always been ready to record any exceptional natural phenomena, I send you a note of the very unusual absence of frost this autumn. Up to the present date my minimum thermometer has never fallen to 32 degrees, and, as a consequence, the most tender plants in my garden are still flowering and uninjured. I have searched my registers for the 30 years during which observations, have been taken here, and I can find no previous instance of the total absence of frosty nights up to so late a period. It is rare that October passes without some sharp frosts, but that such mildness should continue up to this date in November appears to be quite unprecedented in my records.—Yours faithfully, B. T. GRIPPITH- Bose Aw E N. P.S.-J should state for the information of meteorological observers that my ther- mometers are by Casella (verified at Kew), and are in a Stevenson screen, with the bulb four feet above the soil.—B. T. G.-B. Trevalyn Hall, Rossett, S.O., North Wales, November 12th, 1897.
THE SALT UNION. Sir,—Enclosed I have the pleasure of handing from Bombay an answer to the letter you did me the honour to insert in your valuable paper, and which I wrote, advocating the interests of the ordinary shareholders, whose loss, aecord- ing to present quotations, is £ 1,750,000, and the operatives thrown out of employment. I men- tioned according to census returns the popula. tion of Great Britain was increasing at some- thing over 1,000 per day, therefore every effort ought to be made to prevent a labour famine, and trade leaving the country. It has been stated that the directoreof the Salt Union are gentlemen of great influence. Now, I would ask, what this means? bit gas, bluff, or in the interest of stock jobbing, such as freezing out, L-c ? The best answer they can give is to shew practically their influence. In the matter of China,, the Hooley-Jameson loan of 16,millions is complete. A word from them, as the salt tax is one of their securities, will admit all the salt we can produce into China- and the directors, by altering their mode of business, perhaps by shipping direct instead of being dependent on distributors, and by having a stock of 10,000 tons in Hong Kong may relieve what I so much complain of, in short, get into a state of practical prosperity, instead of sitting down, doing nothing except proclaiming they are gentlemen of great influence. H. HOIBROOK. Park gate, Chester, 2nd Nov., 1897. (Enclosures.) 44, Elphinstone Circle, Bombay, 16th October, 1897. Dearsir,-Iam duly in receipt of a. copy of the Chester Cour ant dated the 22nd September, which, I believe, was forwarded to me by your good self, and for which I beg to tender you my best thanks. L have read your letter in the paper with much. interest, and extremely regret pressure of work does not permit my writing to the Chester Gaurant, this week. There are one or two points in my last letter which I had wished, and do still wish, to elucidate, besides one or two points which I should very much like to bring to the notice of the Cestrian public, and this I hope to do next week. Mean- while L have pleasure in enclosing for your information a cutting, from. one of our local dailies, which speaks for itself and which I trust will prove of interest to you. I am making enqpiries- in this matter, and should anything important transpire I shall com- municate same to youi—Tendering my services generally, I remain, dear sir, yours very truly, C. D. LIMA. The Hon. H. Holbrook, Parkgate, C b aster. [Press cutting.3 SCARCITY OF SALT IN THE TOWN OF BATNAGIRI. To the Editor of the Bombay Gazette. 8ir,-Salt, which is one of the commonest neeee. saries of life of the poorest of the poor is, at present, sold in the town of Ratnagiri at an ex- orbitant rate of eight annas a paili, consisting of four seers of about fifty tolas each. On enquiry I learn that this sudden rise in the prices of salt was due to the failure on the part of the licensed vendors here in. not importing, in time, a sufficient quantity of it from the Government Depõt at Oorun. I think such a state of things should not be allowed to continue any longer. We have already suffered much, and are still suffering in various ways from the effects of close famine, and nothing which, can possibly be avoided should, I think, be allowed to add to our sufferings. In my opinion the fault lies with the vendors here in not keeping a. quantity of salt on hand sufficient for the requirements of the people of the town and of the siurouitding villages. I wish Government, or the Commissioner of Customs, could be induced to take the necessary steps in this matter at an early date to prevent things going from bad to worse.— Yours, &c-, Ratnagiri, Oct. 11. P. P. DEsAI.
WORKINGMEN EMPLOYERS THEIR GENEROSITY. Sir,—An incident occurred last week, at a local joint-stock trading concern, owned and controlled by workingmen, illustrative of the saying, When the devil was sick, the devil a saint would be," etc. A motion was proposed and seconded to give the A.S.E. L50 out of the quarter's profit, the nett profit being £ 1,058. The members present, including Trade Council officials and delegatee. said nothing in support of the motion, which was lost. An amendment to give X25 received. nine votes. A feeling extensively prevails among trade unionists that employers are a greedy, grasping, lot, with a few exceptions, and if they-the unionists-were employers they would be generous, and treat their employes as brothars. Contrast the generosity of the employers- in regard to public disasters-railway. colliery. shipping, etc. Take the Indian Famine Relief Fund as an example. The Hindoos e a different colctar, race and creed, also subject and dependent. The engineers are practically, them- selves. As was pointedly put by the over. their sick, burial, out of work, accident, and superannuation funds are nearly exhausted. After thr. lose-the employers' terms. What is done to the strongest, most skilled, best organised, most wealthy, least competitive internationally will be done to the poorer and less skilled trades. If the money had been given, it would not have been an act of purB gen,wrc>sity it would have been an investment, as most of the members are taade unionists, therefore they would be helping to prevent themselves from being similarly treated. When I hear the employees called greedy again, I will know what to say.—Yours, &c..
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