Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

18 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



CARMARTHENSHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRICULTURE THE LIVE STOCK SCHEME. The annual general meeting of the members of the Carmarthenshire Chamber of Agriculture was held on Wednesday at the Ivy Bush Royal Hotel, Carmarthen. Mr. John Francis (president 1913-14) was in the chair and proposed that the president for the coming year be Mr. Thos. Williams, of Pont- garreg, Carmarthen, who was unanimously elected The majority of the committee were re-elected with some additions. ) The statement of accounts having been audited was adopted, and showed a very favourable balance in favour of the Chamber, being practically ten times as much a3 eighteen months ago. After the committee meeting was over, a hun- dred members partook of the usual dinner. Mr. Thorny Williams presided, being supported by Lieut.-General Sir James Hills-Johnes V.C., G.C.B., Col. Gwynne-Hughes, Giancotm; Mr. W to. G. Morris, Ystradwrallt; Mr. J. W. Harries, Filrcatb; Mr. John Francis, Myrtle Hill; Mr D. Hinds, Carmarthen; Mr. D. J. Harries, Fairnolme; Mr. J. Jones, The Plas; Mr J. J. Bowen, Brynglas; Rev. A. Fuller Mills; and others. The usual loyal toasts were submitted from the chair, after which the president proposed the fol- lowing new membersCapt. D. Gwynne, panga- dock- Mr. W. W. Walton, Holcwm, Ferryside; Mr. D. Davies, Lodge; Mr. H. Harries, Llwynonill- fiwr; Mr. John Williams, Eithmduon, Mydrvm; Messrs. Morgan Thomas. Tynewydd, Abergwili; D. J. Morris, Llechwenny, Xant-garedig; T. E. Walters, Llwynoelyn, St. Clears. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. The Secretary (Mr. D. France) stated that at the last meeting ne was instructed to ask the Carmar- thenshire Education Authority the amount that was expended in agricultural education, The reply to this was JS524. Then he was asked that the amount be increased to £ o50, which wuuid mean F,1,500 being paid in by the Treasury. In reply the local Education Authority stated that tais year £ 1 QGQ is 'being expended on agricultural education and that the Treasury will give 71 per cent, of what ever is expended. Mr. D. L>. Williams, live stock othcer for Wale6 for the Board of Agriculture, gave a. most interest- ing address on working of the Live Stock Scheme in Wales." In the course of his address, r. Williams remarked that it was 10 years since he had the pleasure of addressing them before. Then agriculture was in a depressing state, but he then prophesied that there were better days in store. The most awkward problem at the present time was that of labour. It would take some time before it became satisfactory. The system oi education in this country would have to bo modified before the pro- blem could be solved. Agriculture ought to occupy a prominent position in the curriculum of our intermediate schools. He did net know whether they had done their duty in connection with the breeding of animals in Walea. Several breeds had practicably been allowed to die out. The Board of Agriculture were making a certain amount of effort to meet this low. They could never nope to see the Welsh cob in the state of purity they saw them. The place of the Welsh cattle had been taken by the Herefords, Shorthorns, &c. The Welsh sheep had been crossed and crossed out of existence. There had been a fever for crossing in this country of late years. They had even gone abroad for things to cross with, and the result was a terrible lot of mongrels. Personally he felt glad ne was connected with a demonstration which had for its object the improvement of the stock. The Live Stock Scheme had been put before the county m order to better the lot of the farmer. This was the first real attempt made by the Government to dl'lp the agriculture of this country. It was very highly appreciated, especially in Wales. They had been allowed dl Shire horse premiums, 180 bull premiums and 47 boar premiums. They had been grant, u throughout North and South Walee, but not .1, Monmouthshire as he had not been able as yet to go to that county. Good societies had been formed, and he wanted to ice that this money was properly utilised. Following this scheme there was a tendency to buy better females; for after all it was simply a one-sided affair to look well after the sire and neglect the female. The whole of the echemo was based upon agricultural co-operation. If anything was to be done to benefit the farmer it must be by combination. They had also by co-operation the bene-fit of interchange of ideas. As one Minister rightly said: The success of your neighbour is not the success of your rival, but the success of a man whose interests are identical with your own, and fighting not against you, but agaisnt a common enemy." This scheme taught the advantage of using pedigree stock. They were much more likely j to get uniformity and higher grade in the quality of stock by using pedigree animals. Under this scheme every horse sent out must be sound in wind and limb. There was no reason why evpry horse which travelled the country should not have a certi- ficate of soundness for the Board of Agriculture bad made it easy for such to be obtained when the horse was right. He believed there were many horses which served between 300 and 400 mares every year. The owners could well afford to charge 10s. or so. but the question was whether that was beneficial for the farmer. Another matter was that of the tuberculin test. No bull could be used under this scheme unless it had a certificate with regard to this. That was most important. The premiums this year had even gone to remote dis- tricts, but those districts left out must not forget that their turn would come next. Practically it was the small farmer they wished to encourage. They certainly wanted to get in the large farmer, but it was the small one who should benefit firstly. Their chances of obtaining increased grants lay in the manner they supported the scheme, and in the way they showed the Government that it was beneficial for them. Sir James Hills-Johnes, V.C., G.C.B., thanked Mr. Williams for his clear and instructive address. In his parish a very active interest was shown in the movement. After Mr. W. S. G. Morris also thanked Mr. Williams, Col. Gwynne Hughes said that a great deal of ground had been covered since Mr. Williams' last visit. He also deplored the loss of the old Welsh cob, and considered it was most important to have bulls of good milking strain. Mr. Herbert Williams, Llangianing, said there had been a lot of talk about the scheme, but the day had dawned at last and it was in working order. Agricultural education was sadly wanted in the schools. He would be glad if Mr. Williams would kindly inform them what difference there was be- tween the Irish and the Welsh schemes. Mr. C. E. Davies. Lloyds Bank, wished to asso- ciate himself with the thanks offered to Mr. Wil- liams. Mr. Davies also referred to the benefits of co-operation and the lack of agricultural education. Mr. Rees, Cwmcynnen, and Mr. J. Hinds, Cwnin, also spoke. The Rev. A. Fuller Mills complimented Mr. Wil- liams on the clearness of his address. It was not too technical. Whatever might be the defects of this scheme it was a mark of progress. He was glad to notice the demand for more agricultural instruction in the schools. After Messrs. J. J. Bowen. Brynglaa; John Jones, Plas, Llanstephan; J. W. Harries, Pilroath, and the Rev. J. Marsden spoke, Mr. J. Francis said he was glad to find the in- terest taken in agricultural education and hoped that the councillors present would understand that there was a demand for proper education. Twenty-one years ago in that Chamber it was suggested that a society be formed called the Carmarthenshire Stud Company, to do exactly what the Government were doing to-day. He would be glad if something could 'be done for farmers who lived on hilly positions and to whom the high-class animals were too rich. He would also be glad if Mr. Williams would tell them how they stood as compared with other districts. He did not wish Carmarthenshire to be behind. Mr. Williams, Eithinduon, paid a tribute to Mr. Francis for his efforts on behalf of the movement, and the success of which could mainly be attributed to him. Mr. D. I). Williams in replying said he was sorry to find that subjects useful to farmers were omitted from the various schools. In the Welshpool and Newtown County Schools they had agricultural teachers. With regard to the difference between the Irish and the Welsh schemes it had been started earlier in Ireland with the result that they were getting a much greater benefit. With rogard to the position of Carmarthenshire he would say that Car- marthenshire had had much more than their share and they looked to that county to take the lead and to show other counties that the scheme could be worked successfully (cheers). THE RAFFLE. The following is the result of the raffle:-Cart shaft harness, Pugh Jones, Alltygog; Danish con- vertable hoe, Daniel Evans, Tynewydd; chair pulley, Morgan Thomas, Tynewyud; grindstone, J. Davies, Rushmoor; spade, W. Jones, Glascoed-fawr; W. Griffiths, Nantmeillionog; Jas. Jones, Coedadam; E. J. Williams, Glasfryn; Dd. Evans, Hendrehedog; T. Thomas, Cwm, Ferryside; cart rope, D. E. Wil- liams, Ivy Bush; J. Jones, Cwmnedig; Hills Johnes; J. B. Arthur, Elm Lodge; J. W. Harries, Pilroath; Thos. Rees, Blaencynen; J. Davies, Castlehowell; hatchet, D. J. Harries, Fairholme; W. S. G. Morris, Ystradwrallt; E. Colby Evans, Carmarthen; J. Davies, Kincoed; J. Rogers, Nantyci; Protheroe, Llwyndrissi; pitch- fork, Jas. Jones, Cwmoernant; D. Davies. Brynam- lwg; J. B. Evans, Cefn; J. Thomas, Cwmduhen; J. J. Bowen, Brynglas; J. Lewis. Clomendy; hay rake, D. G. Davies; Quay; Ben Hinds, Penddau- Iwynfawr; Phillips, Esgerfa; T. Williams, Pont- garreg*; J. Griffiths, Ardwyn; J. Davies, Castle- howell; H. Thomas, Cwm Mill; J. Rees, Cwm; J. Jones, Plas; J. Moses, Cilwaunydd; Ll. Griffiths, Typicea; and Williams, Cilwen.







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