Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

11 erthygl ar y dudalen hon






[No title]







THE WAR'S PROGRESS The Great Battle of the Aisne. Destruction of Rheims Cathedral. Local War onews. Friday. THE TIDE HAS TURNED. KITCHENER'S SPEECH. It is clear from to-day's news that what at first seemed to be a hurried and even disorderly retreat by the Germans has been arrested by them. That is to say that they have been able to find time to make use of the advantages offered to them by the nature of the country over which they were retreat- ing, to retrench themselves in strong positions, What this means is probably that at the beginning of their retreat from Pari", developed into almost a panic night. and that, if the Allies had had suffi- cient forces at their disposal they would have been able to carry out tne pursuit with the same tremen- dous vigour as the Germans used in their forward march through Belgium and into France. That is to say that what almost was a panic flight could have been converted into a gigantic rout of the Germans—something tha.t would stagger Europe." But we had not the necessary numbers and material to do that, and if this war drags on for many months and perhaps even for years it will be because Great Britain thought that she did not want largo armies. Lord Kitchener yesterday made an important statement on the military situation. It was a very important statement and, coming from a man so sparing of adjectives, must be very encouraging both to the Empire and to the troops which are fighting for it. The main points of his speech were as follows:— Hearty tributes to Sir John French and to the armies of France, Belgium, and Russia. "The tide of war has now turned." Wo have good grounds for quiet confidence, but the struggle is bound to be a long one." Six British divisions and two cavalry divisions j are now in the field, and will be maintained at full strength. Further Regular divisions are being organised from units withdrawn from oversea garrisons, and in addition there are the Indian divisions and the Dominion divisions. Four new armies are being formed out of the new recruits at home. Two are now collected at the training centres. A third is being formed on new camping grounds. In addition, several local battalions are being raised. The Territorial Force is making great strides in efficiency, and will be ready before many months n to take a share in the campaign." Territorials have already left for Egypt, Malta, and Gibraltar. It is hoped to find sufficient officers from those coming forward and from the non-commissioned officers in the Regulars. The chief difficulties are not of personel, but of material. By the spring we shall have armies ready to take the field which will be well trained and will prove themselves formidable opponents." At the close of his remarks Lord Kitchener said: I have to announce to the House that the Govern- ment have decided to increase the separation allow. ances made to wives of soldiers, both Regular and Territorial. No change will be made in the amounts contributed by the soldier out of his pay, but the allowances made from Army funds will be so increased as to bring the income of the family up to a higher standard (hear, hear). I will not trouble the House with the figures affecting the higher ranks, but will give those for the rank and file. For a wife without a child, the income rises from lls. Id. to 12s. 6d.; Wife and one child, the income rises from 12s. lOd. to 15s.; I Wife and two children, the income rises from 13s. 7d. to 17s. 6d.; Wife and three children, the income rises from 16s. 4d. to 208.; Wife and four children, the income rises from 17s. 6d. to 22s.; and so on, increasintr bv 2s. for each further child. I, GERMAN ALAPM. News from Germany coming through Denmark shows that the Germans at home are beginning to realise that they are in a position of peril. One correspondent says:—"It looks as if the haughty, victorious smiles were dying out on "the Berliners' lips. Rumours of victories no longer come so freely, and the flags formerly flying day and night are now lowered." II Saturday. BATTLE OF THE AI SNE GERMANS AT BAY. Fighting continues in the same position, and has continued there for nearly a week. The war correspondents of various papers publish very interesting records of sections of battles and inci- dents in them, but there is no definite news of pro- gress. There is no doubt a tremendous conflict is going on at the north of the River Aisne, and the Germans are making a stand which ie undoubted- ly formidable. It looks as though the Allied armies are face to face with a tough problem. Occasionally the enemy has made fierce attacks upon the allied armies; he is making repeated attempts to break through our lines, and if he I succeeded it would mean a serious tiling for our armies. Fortunately the wall of steel which faces the enemy is invincible, and these counter attacks by the Germans, although they cause heavy losses to us. are tremendously destructive to them, News from the Eastern theatre of war shows that the whole of the Austrian army has been practically shattered by the Russians. Parliament was prorogued yesterday under cir- cumstances of unusual enthusiasm and excitement. There was an extraordinary demonstration at the close when all the members, at the suggestion of Mr. Will Crooks, rose in their places and sang "God Save the King. News continues to arrive of barbaric acts com- mitt.ed by the Germans. The latest atrocity was at Senlis. Writing of the matter the "Times" corres- pondent gives the following graphic description:— JirRDEH. Bitt-cr was the price exacted for this recklessnecs! The trouble began on Tuesday of last week whea, exasperated beyond measure by the insolence of the invaders, a brave tobacconist declared to a couple of PrutRlall". "I serve men. not bullies." He followed his words with a blow delivered fiercely from the shoulder. The infuriated soldiers dragged him from his shop and hurled him on to his kneens in front of the door. His wife rushed out shrieking for mercy. Mercy As well ask it of a stone! A shot rang out. Another. Man and wife lay dead. I Immediately the news of this murderous act flew throughout the town. Windows on the opposite side of the street from the tobacco shop were thrown open. Shots were fired. One of the soldiers fell, wounded. Then, realizing what they liad done, the inhabitants closed themselves in again, terrified of the result. Their fears were well founded. Outraged and furious, the conquerors marched instantly to the house of the Mayor—their hostage—and arrested him. They conveyed him without a moment's delay to the military headquarters, where he was im- prisoned for the night. On Wednesday morning a I Court-martial sat to decide his fate. A few minutes later this brave man paid for the indiscretion of his people with his life, dying splendidly. THE TOWN SHELLXD. And then the Huns fell to on the bloody repast prepared for them. Great guns were turned on this town of living men and women und children. Shells crashed into the houses, into the shops, into the station. At Chantilly, seven kilometres away, the amazed inhabitants saw a great column of black smoke curl up into the air; they guessed the horrible truth. Senlis was burning. From the shattered houses men I and women ran wounded and terrified; children screamed among the ruins of their homes. But the bombardment went on till the principal street in the town was shattered, till the railway station was reduced to a few charred walls, till the exquisite tower of the Cathedral bad been smashed and broken—though happily not demolished. The work. however, was interrupted. At midday the glad tidings were heard:—"The Turcos are here." The Germans heard with terror. Then those gallant fellows—those warriors against bricks and mortar—lost not a moment in fleeing from the scene of their shame. Within the hour broken and blazing- Senlis was relieved and rescued. The Turcos pursued and severely punished the enemy. DAMAGED 'ATHXDRAI.. To-day these streets are terrible to look upon. House after house has been shattered to pieces— broken to a pile of stones. One of the small turrets of the Cathedral has been demolished, and a rent has been torn in the stone work of the tower. The station is like a wilderness. A mansion house has become a smoking ruin. The brutality of the act is written in letters of hate upon every street. These men were not soldiers, but bulliwards Senlis is a place of the dead. The few inhabitants who remain gaze in bewilderment—out of which is coming forth, however, a lively wrath—on the down- fall of their homes. I saw one of the priests attached to the Cathedral viewing the work of destruction with deep horror. A woman spoke to him. His eyes filled with tears. She had a child by her side. Her home lav in the dust before their eyes. Comins out of the town I witnessed, too, a terrible sight. The funeral of a little boy who had dared to point a wooden gun at the Prussian soldier—a little child of five years. The battle of the Aisne is waging even while I write; the menace of the Huns is not yet removed from this fair land. Still a deep anxiety niust re- main in every heart-for, as a fine old Frenchman said to me yesterday, "It is a fearful thing to know that your own country is invaded." But I renchmeai are showing themselves worthy of their heroic tradi- tions. They rest calm and strong, secure in the faith that the hour of liberation cannot now be far I off." Monday. GERMANS' HORRIBLE VANDALISM. AMERICAN OPINION. According to a French official report printed te- day upon the great battle of the Aisne which is still continuing, some slow progress has been made on their left, by the Allied troops, and the German attempts to break through have been repulsed. In the centre the French have taken 1,000 prisoners and in Lorraine the Germans have retreated behind their own frontier. Another act of barbarity has been recorded against the Germans and that is the bombardment of Rheims.. Rheims is a town about half way between Boulogne and Pans, and is famous for its glorious Cathedral, one of the finest Gothic buildings m Ut» world and one of the greatest works of art m exist- ence. There is hardly anything in richness of sculp- ture and architecture and historic value to equal this structure, but the hordes of the Kaiser have reduced it to cinders. The Germans bombarded the town without any military reason; that is to say th»t, there was no object to be gained by them in injur- ing the town or giving a single shot into it, except the mere gratification of unbridled savagery which could hardly be expected from the lowest, and most degraded race of fanatics in the world. Yet these "cultured" Germans deliberately made a target of this beautiful Cathedral, and as a result the build- ing has been destroyed for ever. This is another impious crime and one of the many which the whole world must see is paid for to the uttermost farthing. It goes to ohow that the German nation it merely a population of Atheists who hold in contempt all that is dear not only to art and beauty, but to Christian- ity. While the Kaiser is committing these horrible acts he is actually dictating terms of peaoe Hfce Central News Correspondent at Washington writes as follows:— The German Ambassador here has stated that Germany is willing to call the war a draw and to make peace on the basis that Germany in Europe must not be dismembered. It is stated at the White House that President Wilson has virtually abandoned his aJCe endeavours and has decided to await a definite expression from one of the belligerents. He feels that it would be iyi- consistent with American neutrality to press any of the belligerents to make overtures. The "New York Herald." in a leading article headed "The Futulity of Peace Talk," says:— "othin is more certain than that the efforts of German diplomacy to use the United States as a cat-spaw to prompt its efforts to place Germany in the attitude of the most peaceful of belligerents is doomed to failure. "As in duty bound, President Wilson forwarded to the American Ambassador in Berlin an inquiry concerning Germany's attitude towards oeaoe pro- posals. The episode furnished Germany with an opportunity again to protest that it was a lover of peace, which is what Count Bernstorff and his oo- ( workers are seeking, and which will fool nobody. ) "The people of the nations that have been dragged into war against Germany believe that the one issue of the great contest is the fate of the Prussian lniK. tc.rism that dominates Germany and has long been a menace to Europe. The armies of the Allies will fight until they crush this militarism. The "Tribune" says the true object of the Triple Entente would not be obtained if it did not, compel Germany to guarantee European pea by ceasing to rattle the sword in the scabbard. "Germany should also be made to pay for ber brutal disregard of international treaties," says the "Tribune," "The righteous judgment of the ciru- ised world will not be. satisfied unless Germany pays fully for her outrageous treatment of Belgium, and the Allies are justified in fighting on until Germany realises that she must make substantial compensation for the havoc she has caused. "-Central News. The British auxiliary cruiser Carmania, after an action on September 14th off the East coast 8f South America, sank a German armed merchant cruiser, supposed to be either the Cap Trafalgar or the Ber- lin. The action lasted an hour and three-quarters. The Cap Trafalgar was one of the newest German liners. The German cruiser Konigsherg has disabled the British gunboat Pegasus in Zanzibar harbour. The Pegasus, after destroying Dar-es-Salaam and doing other very useful work. was at anchor, overhauling. The German cruiser Emden appeared in the Bay of Bengal on September 10th. and lias captured six British ships., of which five were sunk and the sixth sent into Calcutta with the crews. The front of the battle extends along a distance of more than a hundred miles, and it looks as though it were going to develop into the biggest struggle, tha. this great conflict has known. So far it has been fought with tremendous vigour and great des- peration. not only on the part of the enemy but also by the Allies, who have to face the very strong en- trenchments made by the Germans on the hills North of the river Aisne. It looks as though the Germans had received con- siderable re-enforcements which shows that they are feeling the danger of their position. They are hampered by the existence and vitality of the Bel- gians at Antwerp. There are so active and danger- ous to the enemv in that district that the latter are