Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

12 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. In the House of Lords, on June 21, in answer to a question of Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, the Earl of Derby said he was Sorry to say that, according to the latest accounts, the cap- tives in Abyssinia were still detained, although they had not been subjected to any additional cruelties. "Besides Consul Cameron, there were Mr. Rassam, with ten other English Subjects and six foreigners, making a total of eighteen per- eons. Under present circumstances it was not desirable that he should say more. On the order for reading the Increase of the Episcopate Bill a third time, the Earl of Shaftesbury moved to omit the Clause authorising the Ecclesiastical Commissioners to con- tribute half the endowment of the new bishoprics on the other half being raised by voluntary subscriptions but upon a division the motion was negatived by 82 to 73. In like manner the proposal of Earl Grey to add a clause authorising the appointment of suffragan bishops, to be selected from the dignitaries of the diocese, was rejected by 72 to 35. And then the bill was read a third time and passed. On the motion of the Earl of Shaftesbury, it was agreed that a select committee should be appointed to consider the expediency of the House meeting at four instead of an hour later, as at present, and what further changes might be desirable for the better transaction of business. Several bills were forwarded a stage, and their Lordships adjourned. At the morning sitting of the Commons the committee on the Reform Bill resumed proceedings at Clause 30, which re- lates to the appointment of the returning officers for the newly-created boroughs, and which was ordered to stand part of the bill without discussion. The 31st Clause, naming the boundary commissioners, and defining their duties, led to some discussion, and eventually the clause was postponed until after the remaining clauses In the bill had been considered. The 36th Clause, providing that the corrupt payment of rates should be punishable as bribery, was carried on division by 250 to 196 votes. To Clause 37, which enacted that members holding offices idt-proftt from the Crown should not be required to vacate their seats on acceptance of another office, Lord Amberley suggested an amendment, the effect of Which was to render re-elections altogether unnecessary when a member was appointed to office under the Crown. The amendment was pronounced a most mischievous one by Mr, Ayrton, who expressed his firm conviction that the committee would not entertain it lor a moment. It also received the condemnation of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and ultimately it was withdrawn but the clause was expunged on account of some error in the recital on the understanding that a new one would be brought up on a future day. Several minor clauses were agreed to and others postponed; and at half-past six oclock the House resumed. At the evening sitting, Mr. Grant Duff called attention to the state of education in Scotland, and in a lengthy speech analyzed minutely the facts and the opinions contained in the recent report of the Scotch Education Commissioners, the result of which he said was that the system originally intended to be national had ceased to be national, partly because of religious changes, but much more because of the frowth of population, and that side by side with it ad grown up a denominational system which could not altogether supplement the parochial schools, and could jnot overtake the necessities of the country. Passing to jhis own views, Mr. Duff said that, though theoretically a partisan of the American common schools or the Dutch system, he was ready to accept the plan recommended by the Commissioners, and embodied by them in a Bill-to leave the parochial schools untouched—and to create a Board of Education in Edinburgh, with power to call into existence a new class of schools to be supported by local subscriptions, and superintended by local committees, and to adapt the present denominational schools to this system with securities for the qualification of the masters, and sub- ject to undenominational inspection. After an ineffectual attempt to count out," he went on to discuss various collateral points in the report bearing on the scheme, and, urging on the Government the urgency of the case, he asked the Vice-President of the Education Com- mittee for some exposition of their views as to legislation on the subject. Lord it. Montagu alleged the gravity of the question, the short period which had elapsed since the report was pre- sented, and the pre-occupation of all available time by the Reform Bill as excuses for declining to legislate this year, but promised to consider the question carefully with the view of satisfying the. wants of the Scotch people. In his turn he criticized elaborately the recommenda- tions of the Commissioners, not altogether so approvingly as Mr. Duff, arguing that the circumstances of different parts of .the country varied so widely that the rigidly uniform syttCm they proposed would not be generally inapplicable; that the number of schools was not insufficient, but that the fault was in the non attendance of the children and the apathy of the parents, and urged some strong reasons against the rating system, and the proposal to deprive the ministers of the management of the schools and other re- commendations of the report. Mr. Baxter complained of the controversial tone of the Vice-President's speech, and strongly supported the conclu- sions of the Commissioners, which he hoped the Government would speedily act upon. Lord R. Montagu's speech was also sharply criticised in the same sense by Sir E. Colebrooke, who did not endorse all the recommendations of the Commissioners, and by Mr. Moncrieff, who vindicated the report, an4 promised the Go- vernment the support of the Liberal party if they would un- dertake to legislate on its basis. Mr Hardy, premising that he had not had time thoroughly to study the report, promised that the subject should be con- sideied impartially, in no spirit of hostility to the report, and with a due regard to the educational circumstances of Scotland. The conversation was brought to a close by Mr. Bruce, who made some observations in defence of the principle of rating. In reply to questions from Mr. Ayrton and Mr. Crawford, Lord R. Montagu explained that the recent Order in Council prohibiting the removal to Islington-market of cattle landed at Blackwall except by railway, although they may be driven from the market to any part of the metropolis, was intended to give facilities for detaining the cattle in the necessary quarantine, and to prevent the spread of the disease. In Committee of Supply a vote on account (300,0003.) was taken for the Packet Service. Several bills were forwarded a stage, and the House adjourned. In the House of Lords, on June 24, the Earl of Kimberley, in presenting a petition from the Dublin Corporation pray- ing for the purchase of the railways of Ireland by the State, pointed out that difficulties lay in the way of the accomp- iish-ment of this result, which might otherwise be pro- ductive of beneficial results. The Earl of Derby admitted that the subject was one of great importance and of great difficulty; indeed the diffi- culties were so great that he could not see how they were to be got over. At the same time the Government had no objection to go into the matter, and he, with the Chancellor of the Exchequer, had received a deputation on the subject, and they had consented to appoint a committee of gentle- men to inquire into and consider the question, with a view to ascertain its practicability. Earl Russell brought forward his long threatened motion for the appointment of a Royal commission to obtain full and accurate information as regards the nature and amount of the property and revenues of the Established Church in Ireland, with a view to their more productive management and their more equitable application for the benefit of the Irish people. In commending this resolution to the support of the House, which was more than ordinarily crowded, the • noble earl remarked that the time was peculiarly favourable for dealing with this long-vexed subject, inasmuch as in the present day there was a general disposition among persons belonging to different religious communities in Ireland to treat in°an amicable spirit all questions affecting that country; and his object was to direct attention to the ano- malous position of the Irish Church for the purpose of • securing its full consideration in the next Session. Any i attempt to effect a settlement of the Irish Church question would be attended with great difficulty, but in devising some mode for accomplishing that object he saw no reason why a compromise might not be resorted to. The scheme which some years ago was the noble earl s panacea for Irish grievances, namely, that the Roman Catholic clergy should receive stipends from the state, he now altogether discarded, believing that if adopted it would not be successful. The substitution of the Roman Catholic for the Protestant Church as an establishment in Ireland was equally out of the question. And the proposal to apply the revenues of the Church to educational or other objects of public utility—saving, however, existing life interests-and to which he had ofien been inclined to lean, had very great de- fects in it, which it would be difficult to overcome. On the whole he thought that the plan which was best adapted to restore contentment in Ireland was that propounded by Earl Grey, to the effect that the revenues of the Church should be divided, and one-half retained by the Established Church, and the other half transferred to the Roman Catholic clergy. Lord Cairns, in a very masterly and eloquent speech, re- plied to the noble earl, and a long debate ensued. A division then took place on the last clause of Earl Russell's motion, which was negatived by 90 votes to 38. The motion, as so amended, was then agreed to, after which their Lordships adjourned. In the House of Commons, Mr. C. Gilpin asked the Attorney General if his attention had been called to a case recently reported in the public papers of the violent removal of a debtor, William Watson, aged seventy-two years, from his residence for debt, when in the last stage of consump- tion, and when the certificate of a physician was shown to the sheriff s officer stating that Watson could only be removed at the risk of his life to the fact that the said Watson was forcibly taken to Horsenionger-lane Gaol, and died almost immediately after his admission; and to ask if the law of England authorised a sheriff's officer thus to remove a dying man in the face of such a protest on the part of a dulyquali- Bed physician. The Attorney-General said the law of England, in his opinion, did not justify a sheriff's officer in removing a debtor under the circumstances mentioned but if the Bank- ruptcy Bill were passed, no such case could occur. In reply to Mr. Hor&mari, Sir J. Pakington said the paragraph in The Times stating that the Volunteers of Bir- mingham had been under arms reacy to take part in sup- pressing the late riot was entirely erroneous. The Volunteers were only engaged in guarding their rifles. The House having gone into committee on the Reform Bill, the Chancellor of the Exchequer rose to state the course which the Government thought proper to take with regard to the Boundary Commissioners. There was, no doubt, a deep impression on the public mind that the boundaries settled in 1831-2 had not been regulated with impartiality, but that many jobs had been concocted. His own opinion was not in this direction, believing that nothing was more liable to exaggeration than a thing of this sort. The Government were anxious, however, that the gentlemen selected should be named in the bill, and have the confidence of the House and the country. There was no difficulty in fixing upon a number of gentlemen, but, unfortunately, these were arrangements which had to be made according to the wishes of the people outside of the House who were acquainted with very few hon. members, and the Government had therefore to appoint the Commis- sion by State, and reduce the Commissioners to the number originally fixed upon, namely, five. Of these, the Govern- ment were of opinion that two should be members of the House of Commons, namely—the Recorder and Sir Francis Crossley. To these he would add Sir J. Duckworth and Mr. Walter, who, with Lord Eversley, would make the number complete. The secretary would be appointed by the Govern- ment, and would be a member of the Civil Service connected with the Treasury. Mr. Bright expressed his satisfaction with the alteration made in regard to the names of members. With reference to the appointment of Secretary, he thought it was contrary to custom for the Government to make the appointment. The better way, he believed, would be to be leave it with the commissioners. The committee then proceeded with the consideration of clause 40, which enacts that the franchises conferred by the act shall be in addition to, and not in substitution for, existing franchises, in which, on the motion of Sir R. Palmer, an amendment was made that no person shall be entitled to vote for the same place in respect of more than one qualification. entitled to vote for the same place in respect of more than one qualification. Mr. Hardcastle moved another amendment, to leave out words the omission of which would have the effect of dis- qualifying freemen in cities and boroughs, but after a discus- sion, in which Mr. Leeman, Mr. Lowther, Mr. Headlam, Mr. Newdegate, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer opposed the disfranchisement of freemen, and Mr. B. Hope and Mr. Gladstone contended that they ought to be disfranchised, the amendment was withdrawn. Another amendment was moved by Mr. Holden, requiring that where the qualification in a borough was a building and land, the building, if it were not a dwelling-house, should be of the annual value of 51. The amendment was supported by Sir R. Palmer and Mr. Gladstone, and opposed by Sir H. Edwards and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the main argument in favour of the amendment being that it would prevent the creation of faggot votes. On a division the amendment was rejected by 106 to 98. A fourth amendment was moved by Mr. Colvile, the object of which was to enable copyholders in boroughs to vote for counties. This proposition gave rise to a somewhat animated debate, in which Sir R. Palmer, Mr. Bright, Mr. Neate, Mr. M. Chambers, the Marquis of Hartington, and Mr. Gladstone supported the amendment, on the ground that copyhold property was equal, or nearly equal, to freehold, and ought equally to confer the vote; while, on the other hand, Mr Adderley, Mr. Henley, the Attorney-General, and the Chan- cellor of the Exchequer contended that the owners of this property were interested, not in counties, but in towns, and ought not to have votes for the counties. The amendment was rejected by 171 to 151. Another proposition of a like character, giving a vote for counties to long leaseholders in boroughs, and which was moved by Mr. H. Vivian, was also discussed, the arguments being of a similar character. It was rejected by 256 to 230. Mr. Cardwell also moved an amendment that no person shall vote for the city of Oxford or town of Cambridge in respect of the occupation of any chambers or premises in any of the colleges or halls of the universities. The amendment was opposed by Mr. Fawcett, Sir W. Heathcote, and Mr. Selwyn, and supported by Mr. Neate, Sir R. Palmer, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and carried by 200 to 179 but Mr. Lowther said he would bring the matter forward again on the report. The clause was then agreed to and clause 41 having also been agreed to, further progress with the bill was post- poned. Some other business was disposed of, and the House was counted out at a late hour. In the House of Lords, on June 25, on the order for read- ing the Railway Companies' Bill the second time, the Duke of Richmond objected to that portion of the measure which empowered railway companies to create pre-preference stock, whilst admitting that with that exception the bill would give additional security to railway property, and to every classs of investments in railways. Lord Redesdale also expressed a strong opinion that great injustice would be done unless steps were taken to guard the preference stock already created. Referring to the general effect of the measure, however, the noble lord re- marked, that if it had become law twenty years ago the railway companies would have been spared all their present embarrassments and difficulties. The bill having been read a second time was ordered to go before a select committee. The Duke of Marlborough moved the second reading of Brown's Charity Bill, the object of which he explained, was to enable the charity commissioners to alter the bequest of a Mr. Thomas Brown, to the University of London, for the foundation of a hospital and heme for the care and recreation of dogs. The scheme was opposed by the University of Dublin, to whom the funn. was to go for the foundation of professorships in Oriental languages in the event of the London University not complying with the wishes of the testator. The Earl of Rosse proposed, as an amendment, that the bill should be read a second time that day three months, which on a division was carried by 48 to 16. The bill was therefore lost. Some bills were forwarded a stage, and their Lordships adjourned. In the House of Commons, at the morning sitting, the Blackwater Bridge Bill and the Charitable Donations and Bequests (Ireland) Bill were respectively read a third time and passed. The House then went into committee on the Representa- tion of the People Bill, and on the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer an amendment was made in clause 42 to prevent the owner of a copyhold or long leasehold house having a vote for the county in respect of a house in a borough occupied by himself which confers on him a borough vote-a provision which is already applicable to freeholders by the Reform Act of 1832. Oil clause 43, the interpretation clause, a long discussion arose on an addition to the clause proposed by Sir R. Palmer, to define a dwelling-house. At length the following defini- tion was agreed to :—" A dwelling-house shall include any part of a house occupied as a separate dwelling and. sepa- rately rated to the relief of the poor." The postponed clause 31, which refers to the Boumd-ary Commissioners, was then considered. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that Lord Evers- ley, Mr. Russell Gurney, Sir John Duckworth, Sir Francis Crossley, and Mr. John Walter be the commissioners, and after some observations from Mr. Darby Griffith, who objected to Mr. Walter from Mr. Serjeant Gaselee, who objected to any peer being on the commission from Mr. Foster, who suggested that the commissioners should appoint their own secretary; from Mr. Gladstone, who observed that x i objection could be fairly taken to any of the com- missioners on the ground of party differences, and who thought it well that the commission should be repre- sented in both houses of parliament; and from the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who said the govern- ment would defer to the commission, and that no one would be appointed as secretary who was not quite acceptable to them, the names were agreed to. The re- mainder of the clause defines the powers of the commis- sioners, to which an amendment was moved by the Chancellor of the Exchequer in lieu of that part of the clause, giving larger powers to the commissioners than was originally pro- posed, and the remainder ef the sitting was occupied in the discussion of that amendment, which was at length agreed to with some alterations, and an addition that the commis- sioners shall report to one of her Majesty's principal secretaries of state, and that such report shall be laid before parliament. The sitting was suspended at ten minutes to seven o'clock. The House reassembled at nine o'clock. On the motion of Mr. Headlam, a select committee was ap- pointed to consider whether any alteration can be made in the internal arrangements of the House, so as to enable a greater number of members to hear and take part in the proceedings. The Libel Bill passed through committee. The. Attorney s, &c., Certificate Duty Bill passed through committee. On the motion of Mr. H. B. Sheridan, the Investment of Trust Funds Bill was read a second time. The object of the bill, he stated, was to enable trustees to invest funds in cer- tain stocks not guaranteed by government. On the adjourned debate on the motion for going into committee on the Railways (Guards and Passengers Com- munication) Bill. Mr. Hodgson objected to the bill, saying that no effectual means of communication had yet been discovered. In the railway with which he was connected means had been tried but they had all failed. Mr. M'Laren could not think that the inventive genius of the country was unequal to the task of finding a means of communication between the passengers and a guard „Mr. Leeman said the inventive genius of the country had failed in this matter hitherto. The railway companies would be willing, if the Board of Trade would prescribe a means of communication to adopt it. Mr. O'Beirne described an effective means of communica- tion which he had seen in operation on the Great Northern of France and Sir M. Peto said he believed that plan was effective. Mr. Cave said the report of the railway commission was rather against this measure, for they thought the companies should be responsible; and if they were interfered with in these details, the responsibility was lessened. He repudiated any responsibility of the Board of Trade in this matter. The House then went into committee on the bill, and the several clauses were agreed to, after which the House adjourned.





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