LONDON LETTER. t [nOl1 OUR LONÐON CORRESPONBEHT.] 1 [SPECIALLY WIRES.] LONDON, Friday Night. Th TORY INVENTIVENESS. ftseir oty Press has been slow in working 0» ln*o a state of agitation as to the 1Se nature of the proposals relative to condition of affairs in the East which -ccupied the attention of the late Cabinet JUncil, but it is making up for lost time y refusing to believe that European inter- vention of a more or less drastic kind was not attempted. The Times is finding con- nrmation of its assertion in the absence of Lord Kimberley from the Foreign Office and the visits of Lord Rosebery there, and to is discovering in these events indications of such sharp divergence of opinion between the Foreign Secretary and the Premier that the latter had himself to do work which the former refused to attempt. It need hardly be said that if that had been the case Lord Kimberley could not have continued to hold his offioe and that is the most conclusive refutation of the Times' imaginings. PEACE PROPOSALS. I have been enabled throughout to give you correct statements as to the action of the Government and its limitations in connec- ti°n T A S- T H?d Ja^an- The suggestions that Lord Kimberley would havenothingto do PUllse in the direction of threatened resignation, »re simply founded on exaggerated deduc- Jle.Sir"ple.fact that Lord Rose- •lo^irlpr) 6 m? Kimberley in the steps on* -^he I'ory Press is usually the o say that the Prime Minister should e responsible for all offices, and Lord sebery is not only a Prime Minister V8 a Pas': Secretary of State, with the subject of foreign affairs at his fingers' ends Still. I receive with some hesitation the statement of the Dctily News that the majority of the Powers have acquiesced m peace. CZAR'S COLLAPSE. Although at the moment of writing the death of the Czar is not actually announced, that event may be taken as imminent, since the final stages of the disease have set in. There is poisoning of the system, loss of power of the heart, and fainting fits, one of which must be fatal. He has remained conscious so far, which indicates that some days may elapse before the end comes, especially as the Emperor's strength is great! It is said that the Czar has suffered from Bright's disease for two years, but that he managed to conceal it from his physicians until too late. UNMASKING THE BATTERY. The desperate determination of the Church to complete the capture of the London Board Schools and boldly to turn them into denominational nurseries is becoming con- fessed with openness. Mr Athelstan Riley has finally thrown away the scabbard and cast off all former attempts to represent his famous circular as a very little and harmless thing, and now the Church Times is beating the drum ecclesiastic to raise an election fund, in hopes of placing £200 at the dis- posal of the sectarian candidates in each division of the constituency. The money is io be advanced on the condition that it shall be devoted to the payment of canvassers and the circulation of literature, nd In other ways to defeat what, in the same breath in which it complains of phenomenal ignorance and wilful mis- representation, the Church Times politely calls the whole strength of infidelity and political Nonconformity arrayed against definite Christian teaching." It will pro- bably be a surprise to many to learn that the payment of canvassers, which is a corrupt practice at Parliamentary and municipal elections, is permissible in the propagation of the theological dogmas of the Church of England, the end being apparently held to hallow the-means. MR MUNDELLA BUSY AGAIN. Mr Mundella, who only returned to London yesterday after his continental sojourn, does not intend to let the grass grow under his feet. He has already spent some time to-day at the offices of the Local Government Board, with a view to getting into working order the arrangements for commencing the inquiry into the manage- ment of the London Workhouse Schools. (t will be remembered that in consequence .of well-established complaints of the miser- Able treatment of the poor children in these institutions, Mr Shaw Lefevre, towards the nd of the Session, promised to appoint a committee to fully investigate the subject. Mr Mundella accepted the chairmanship of that committee, whose labours it is antici- pated will be onerous, as involving, not only ascertaining the facts as to the present con- dition of pauper children, but investigating such remedies as boarding-out cottage homes and the like. I hear that after the Cutlers' Feast at Sheffield, next Thursday, Mr Mundella will accompany the Prime Minister to Bradford, where Lord Rosebery is to address a great meeting. CLERICAL PREFERMENT. The Archbishop of Canterbury has at last found someone he considers eligible for the important part of Rector of Lambeth in the room of Mr Pelham. The rectory, which has been conferred on Mr Reeve, Vicar of Addington, has been declined by two or three well-known men, including the head- master of Harrow. Mr Reeve was only preferred to Addington last year, and his appointment is likely to cause a good deal of comment in both the Diocese of Canter- bury and that of Rochester. LOSS OF LORD DRUMLANRIG. The Liberal party is not so rich in pro- mising young peers who take an enlightened view of the responsibilities of their position, and who are not disposed to give up to a narrow class talents and opportunities meant for mankind, not to feel keenly the loss of Lord Drumlanrig. Since this young noble- man appeared in the House of Lords under the disguise of Baron Kelhead, he has not, it is true, flashed like a dazzling meteor on the political horizon. His legislative functions have chiefly consisted in discharging the useful but not ornamental duties assigned to the younger Ministerialists, and in having a large number of formal departmental motions put down in his name. The only occasion on which I remember him to have ventured into debate was on a June after- noon, when, on the motion for going into committee on the Cruelty to Children Bill, sent up by the Commons, after weathering some dramatic perils in the Lower House, he launched with apologetic diffidence and some nervousness into an essay-like speech on good work done by the society promoting that measure. The oration sounded to not a few hearers like one that had strayed from the platform of an annual meeting into a somewhat exotic atmosphere, but although it did not result in a rush of lordly subscribers to the society's funds, it was listened to with all the courteous polite- ness the Upper House always shows, especially to maiden efforts, and it was recognised as exceedingly creditable to the young aristocrat's heart. Lord Drumlanrig's personality was all the more piquant because of the contrast observable between his character and tastes and his father's. Trained as Lord Rosebery's secre- tary in a better school than the Marquis of Queensberry's, he was perfecting his educa- tion by sedulous attendance on the seat behind Ministers, and he was honestly qualifying himself tor a life of much public Usefulness. His death is a great loss both politics and society.
THE EXTRADITION OF JABEZ." DECISION EXPECTED. BUENOS AYRES, Thursday. -Ib is currently reported that a majority of the members of the Supreme Court are in favouv of the extradition of Jabez Balfour. The announcement of the tinal decision is daily expected. -ilniter.
DEFENCES OF THE BRISTOL CHANNEL. SOUTH WALES PORTS AT AN ENEMY'S MERCY. The Bristol Mercury says :—The Cardiff Cham- ber of Commerce has been passing urgent resolu- tions on the subject of the defences of the Bristol Channel. Fortunately for Bristol she is provided by nature with a. defence which would prove far more effective in the face of an invading fleet than any number of mines or fortifications. The enemy would only have to sail up as far as Pill to see the absolute futility of attempting to reach Bristol, and the Horseshoe Point ought to convince him still further if the dangers of Hung- road had not sufficiently persuaded him to turn back. Not so, however, with Cardiff and Barry, which, as Mr Sydney F. Walker pointed out, could be shelled by modern war- ships trom a. considerable distance out in the channel. With the dock gates destroyed the trade of Cardiff would be paralysed, and all her facilities for shipping coal would be useless to the English Navy. It is somewhat surprising that there are practically no defences of any sort in any part of the Bristol Channel. The shores of South Wales and Somerset are amongst the most vulnerable parts of our coast line, for an enemy's ships might, with a measure of good luok, easily round Land's End to find the important ports of Swansea, Cardiff, Newport, and Bristol entirely at her mercy. We think the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce did right in rejecting the proposal to establish voluntary defences in the ports con- I cerned. The matter is essentially one of national import, and the Government should be brought to see its duty in the matter.
MANNING OF SHIPS. UNDERMANNING A COMMON OFFENCE. Before a meeting of the Shipmasters' Society, held on Thursday at Fishmongers'-hall, London, Mr William AHingham read a paper on The Manning of Steamships and Sailing Vessels." Mr J. M'Kirdy presided, and atnohg those present were Captain D. Wilson Barker (Worces. ter training ship) and Captains W. C. Crucchley, R. Topper, Maitland, Plunket, and A. G. Froud. In his paper Mr AHingham contended that undermanning was common, and in proof of it quoted statements made by the late Mr Thomas Gray, in a Board of Trade circular of 1884, by Lord Charles Beresford, Lord Brassey, and other authorities. There was, indeed, overwhelming evidence for the existence of a manning com- mittee. Owners complained of the inefficiency of seamen, but they neither trained them nor carried increased complements in consequence. A foreign sailor, ignorant of the English tongue, might, and did undoubtedly, endanger the safety of ship. and all hands, yet, if one looked at the crew list of a missing British ship, 50 per oent. of foreign sailors would be a probable figure. The British handicraftsman clamoured loudly for eight hours a day, and in some instances got it. In, many an ocean tramp," however, the mate was on duty for 18 hours out of the 24. Underwriters had much to answer for in connection with badly-manned and ill-found ships. Sharp business men insured ship, freight, and all their interest, actual and prospective. In this way every inducement to careful management was removed, and the good owner was made to pay for the unscrupulous by the rise of premiums all round. Hong Kong and the Straits Settlement., free from such cruel competition, compelled tramps to put more men on board before they would take the risks.
THE TRALEE BOATING DISASTER. TWO MORE BODIES RECOVERED. Two more bodies of the party drowned in Tralee Bay on Sunday were recovered on Thurs- day evening, making a total of seven. At the inquest yesterday the evidence showed that the party left the camp shore for the other side of the bay, and while proceeding asked a sailing boat to take their canoe in tow, but were refused. Noth- ing more was heard of them till the craft was washed ashore. A verdict of Accidental death was returned.
THE NEW LAW OFFICERS. The Press Association is officially informed that the Queen has been pleased to approve of the appointment of Sir R. T. Reid, Q.C., M.P., to be Attorney-General, and of Mr Jr. Lockwood, Q.C., M.P., to be Soticitor-General.
AN ARISTOCRATIC DIVORCE SUIT. The Press Association understands that one of the first cases in the Divorce Division of the High Court of Justice—which will resume its sittings on Wednesday next-will be a. suit by the present Marchioness of Queensberry. The petitioner, whose name is otherwise stated to be Weedou, is the second wife of the Marqujs> to whom she was married some months ago, and who, according to the petition, lodged at Somerset* House, she sues for a declaration of nullity of marriage. The case is likely to be heard in camera.
COMINGSCOTCHDIVORCE SUIT. Application was made to Lord Kyllachy in the Court of Session, Edinburgh, yesterday to fix a date for proof in the action for divorce brought by Charles Lindsay Orr-Ewing, Newark Castle, against hu wife, the Hon. Beatrice Mary Leslie Ruthven, described as at present of 46, Ebury street, London. Counsel for the petitioner stated that the case would probably occupy only half an hour, and it was decided that the suit should be beard on Thursday next. Counsel also askedfor access to the evidence taken on commission, and this was granted.
CARDIFF PURE ICE AND COLD STORAGE COM- PANY (LIMITED).—COLD STORAGE for all sorts of Provisions, Game, Fruit, &c. at LOWER BATES THAN ANYWHERE ELSK IN GREAT BRITAIN. ICE Supplied in any quantity, from 561bs and up- wards, at Low Prices.—SPECIALLY IMPORTANT to BUTCHERS and MEAT SALESMEN Order all your Frozen Meat out of Shipments which have come direct to Cardiff by Refrigerating Steamers. You will thus be sure of meat in FAR BETTER CONDITION and MUCH QUICKER DELIVERY than from Lon- don or Liverpool. Write for Price Lists of Meat to Mr H. WOODLEY, Agent for Plate and other Com- panies, COLD STORES, CARDIFF; also to Mr TANNER, Agent for Sansinena and Co., Cold Stores, CARDIFF.—Write for Prices of Ice and Rates for Cold Storage to Neale and West, Managers. Tele- grams—Ice Company, Cardiff. "O'1
WAR IN THE EAST (I JAPAN IN EARNEST. PATRIOTIC RESPONSE TO THE MIKADO'S APPEAL. REBELLION IN CHINA. TWO OFFICIALS REPORTED KILLED. PROTECTING PEKIN. MASSING OF CHINESE TROOPS. SAFETY OF FOREIGNERS. TOJHO, Thursday Night.—^The Emperor to-day formally opened the Diet, a special Session having been convened to discuss important questions dealing with the Chinese War. The Emperor, in his speech, announced that a military measure would be introduced,necessitated by the struggle in which they wereengaged. He re- quested that thisBill might be specially expedited. He regretted that through the obstinacy of China the peace of the Oriental world had been disturbed, but the war having been commenced it could not now cease until the object for which J.),pa.D bad entered the field had been fully obtained. He expected that the members of the Diet would willingly agree to the Government proposals for prosecuting the war with vigour, and felt assured that they would join with him in hoping that the naval and military forces of Japan would remain victorious to the end of the struggle, so that peace might be all the sooner restored and additional lustre cast upon their beloved conntry. Various measures of a military character were then laid before the Diet. The War Budget shows an estimated expenditure of 150,000,000 dollars. To meet this 26,000,000 dollars will, it is pro- posed, be taken from the reserve which Japan has in hand, and a Bill was presented for authorising a further domestic loan of 100,000,000 dollars.— Central News. TOKIO (Later).—The new domestic loan of one hundred million dollars was explained by the Finance Minister to the Diet. It will bear in- terest not exceeding six per cent., and subscribers will have the option of paying the amount applied for in full or by instalments extending over a period of some months. The President moved an address to the Emperor thanking him for his speech, and assuring him of the loyal support of the members in bringing the war to a successful issue. The President's motion was cordially adopted. A debate upon the Government's proposals for meeting the extraordinary war ex- penditure followed. The members of the Radical party brought forward a resolution in favour of the INCREASE OF THE JAPANESE NAVY on the lines proposed at the fourth Session of the Diet, when the time was insufficient to discuss its provisions. It was moved that this scheme should be carried out as rapidly as possible; that the ships now building in Japan should be com- pleted with all speed that the defensive works on the Japanese coast, of which the Government engineers had approved, should be undertaken at once, and that the supply of uns, ammunition, and warlike stores should be brought up to Japan's maximum requirements with the least possible delay. In the debate the policy of adopting this programme was strongly urged as necessary for the preservation of Japanese integrity and independence against attacks from whatsoever source. From the patriotic tone of the speeches, and the strength of the Radical party, it is expected that the whole or the greater part of this programme will be adopted. REBELLION IN CHINA. SHANGHAI, Friday.—The latest news received here from Hankow states that the rising fomented by Kulaohwei Society has made little, if any, progress in Huknang. The centre of the re- bellien is 200 miles (not 100 miles, as at first reported) from Hankow, and no importance is officially attached to the affair. It is undeniable, however, that two inferior officials of the Pro- vincial Government have been killed by the rebels. The Viceroy or Governor-General of the provlttce, Tchang Tshi-Tonng, has already started for Pekin in obedience to Imperial orders. He is Accompanied by 500 troops, who are under the command of Mr Orampton, an Englishman, who was formerly in the Imperial Chinese Customs Service. They are reported to be travelling to the capital via the Grand Canal. British steamers arriving here report having sighted what is believed to be the main Japanese squadron. It consisted of eight ships of war. The vessels were in extended order, 20 miles south of the Shan-Tung promontory.—Central News. MASSING OF CHINESE TROOPS. TIENTSIN, Friday.—Troops are pouring into Tientsin in large numbers daily, and are being disposed for the defence of the capital. The arrivals include 10,000 Shpsi soldiers and an equal number of men from Hunan and Shantung. It is expected that on the 13th inst. fully 100,000 men will have arrived during the month. Most of the new arrivals are infantry. The bulk of the cavalry is being sent to Shingking and Kirm. Forty-eight thousand troopers from different provinces are now on their way to those places, and several thousand have already arrived. It is announced that General Mesney (query Chesney) of the British Army, has been accorded permission to accompany the Chinese Army in the field. The first delivery of rifles of German manufacture under contracts concluded last July was made to the military authorities here at the beginning of this week. The Viceroy expressed much satisfaction at this promptitude.—Central News. CHINESE TRADE LOSSES. BERLIN, Friday.—News has been received in au official quarter here to the effect that Sir Robert Hart has called the attention of the Chinese Government to the falling off in the Customs revenues. Exports have almost ceased, and the imports have fallen to an alarming extent. On the same authority it is stated that Sir Robert Hart was consulted as to whether the steamers of the.Imperial Customs Service could be utihsed as transports, and that he replied that such a scheme was impossible, because they bad no proper fittings, and because there were no Chinese officers available to command them. Moreover, there were no suitable guns and no gunners. When about two months ago negotiations were opened here foi a Chinese loan, and London financiers were associated with the scheme, some of the Berlin papers denounced the lending of money to China for war purposes as "a crime against civilisation." Now, after the Chinese reverses on land and sea, that feeling is still stronger. It is believed that China will not be able to borrow a single thaler here unless the money is to he used to pay a war indemnity to Japan.—Central News. LOSSES IN THE LATE BATTLES. TOKIO, Sept. 20th.-The following despatches, addressed to the Emperor, appeared in the official Yomi-usi-Shimbun on the 18th and 19th inst. :— (1) Report of Lieutenant-General Nodzn. Ping Yang, Sept. 16th, 8 •a.m. — We have gained a great victory, after a severe battle, at Ping Yang, and captured the place early this morning. The number of the enemy killed, wounded, and prisoners is very great. On our side the losses in killed and wounded amount to 300." (2) "Report of Lieutenant-General Nodzu. Ping Yang, Sept. 16th, 1.50 p.m.—Notwithstand- ing the great inoonvenience and difficulty of sending the commissariat forward, we succeeded in advancing upon Pmg Yang from every arranged quarter. Our troops were divided into four columns, and they surrounded Ping Yang, Yesterday afternoon severe fighting gained a great victory completely capturing the place early this morning. We made a great many prisoners, amongst them tlio commander-in-chief and four generals, besides much war material aud provisions. The Chinese state their numbers at 20,000, all of whom, except a few who succeeded in effecting an escape, were killed, wounded, or made prisoners. Accord- ing to the accounts given by prisoners, the Chinese Army was originally 13,000, and it was subsequently reinforced by 2,200 men from the North and the escaped Asan Army of 5,500, making the grand total 20,700. The Japanese Army slightly exceeded 10,000. The first column was commanded by Lieutenant-Ceneral Nodzu, the second by Major General Tatemi, aud the third by Lieut.-Colonel Taketa, while the fourth was landed at the Tatong River. The success of the Japanese forces is due to your Majesty's gracious condescension and to the great valour, intrepidity, and patriotism of all officers and men alike. —(Signed) NODZU." The official Ji-Ji- Shimpo, in a special edition to-day, publishes the following despatches from the Imperial head- quarters at Hiroshima :—(1) September 19th, 11.55 p.m., naval engagement. Two Chinese vessels driven ashore. Two sunk. Our vessels safe." (2) Sept. 20th, 1.30 p.m. The following telegram has been received from the Jagi Consul at Chemullo. 'Steamer Mogomigawa Maru, just arrived, reports that on the 16th, 1 p.m., our fleet met the Chinese fleet of 12 war vessels and two torpedo boats, 35 miles N.E. of Tai Yan Tan. The. Chinese fired the first shot. Our fleet achieved a great victory. They sunk three of the enemy's vessels, and the Chinese set another one of their own on fire. Our vessels are all safe." The Mogomigawa Maru, which thus brought the first news of the navy victory, is a Japanese merchant steamer of 1,622 tons, one of the numerous vessels requisitioned by the Imperial Admiralty as transports and armed cruisers -Central News. SAFETY OF FOREIGNERS IN CHINA. The Press Association states that for the pur- pose of obtaining some light with regard to the condition of foreigners in the principal Chinese centres, a representative of Reuter's Agency has placed himself in communication with missionaries who have recently returned from the treaty ports. The Bishop of Mid-China, Dr. G. E. Moule, said looking back to what he had witnessed of the war of 1857-61, to the Taeping rebellion, which was making its last efforts during those years and three following, to the Japanese expedition in Formosa, to the French warlike action, without declaration of war, in 1884-85, and to the period of serious local disturbances and general anxiety in 1891, did not see reason to anticipate any serious in- crease of popular antipathy against foreigners. Letters he had received from relatives and others down to September 6th were written entirely without apprehension. He did not fear so much an access of anti-foreign fanaticism, as of the very possible outbreak of general anarchy in the ent of the central authority being overturned The Rev. Thomas Bryson, who has bad nine. years' work in Tientsin, did not think the large colony of foreigners in that district in any special danger, especially as five foreign warships were lying alongside Tientsin Bund. He added that although it was an easy matter for the allied forces to take Pekin in 1860, the Japanese would find it much harder work, and he doubted whether they would be able to take the capital. The vicinity of Pekin literally teemed with Mongol Cavalry and Li Hung Chang's trained troops would be encountered on all sides. If Japan really meant to get to the capital she could only do it by starting at once before the floods came. The feeling in Pekin was very strong that Great Britain would intervene. The Rev. W. T. Barber, M.A., who has been working for many years in Hankow and the neighbourhood for the Wesleyan Missionary Society, stated that the district round Hankow had gained an unenviable notoriety for anti- foreign violence until about four years ago. The policy now was not to attack the missionary, but to terrorise any native from the slightest in- tercourse with missionaries. The country was honeycombed with secret societies, and no revolu- tion could take place without an interval of anarchy most dangerous to foreigners. At present, right in the focus of all the anti-foreign feeling, the reports from missonaries told of chapels, schools, and hospitals fuller than ever, and of the fast growing list of communicants. The Rev. S. E. Meech, London Missionary Society, believed that the position of foreigners in Pekin, whence he has lately returned, had probably been exaggerated. There would be some danger if there were interference with the Government. He added that the result of the war would bo a great gain to China even though it be a defeat. This at the hands of the despised Japanese will do much to awaken the nation, and to break down the insufferable pride and undue confidence of the ruling classes of China.
FEARFUL STORM ON THE CONTINENT. MADRID, Friday. -A fearful storm is raging in the province of Andalusia. Many streets in Cordova are flooded, and the country around Seville is under water. It is feared the Guadal- quiver will overflow its banks. Telegraphic communication is interrupted. -Reuter. BELGRADE, Friday.—A violent thunderstorm broke over this city this afternoon, with tremen- dous showers of hail, the hailstones being as large as walnut, Reuter. VIENNA, Friday.—Telegrams from Semlin, on the left bank of the Danube, opposite Belgrade, state that a terrible thunderstorm with hail prevailed to-day, The hailstones were as large as pigeons' eggs. Roofs of bouses were smashed, and chimneys blown dtwn. The glass roof of the railway station was completely wrecked. -Beuter.
BOMBS IN BARCELONA. DISCOVERED IN TIME. BARCELONA, Friday.-Ten bombs, with fuses attached, have been found near the machinery- room in a factory where several well-known Anarohists had previously been employed. Had the bombs exploded they would probably have laid the entire quarter of the town where the factory is situated in ruins.-Reutet-.
FUTURE OF THE WELSH MEASURE. MR GLADSTONE'S ATTITUDE. TORY VIEW OF THE SITUATION. It seems pretty certain, says the London corres- pondent of the Manchester Courier, that Mr Asquith will modify the Welsh Disestablishment Bill before he reintroduces that measure. Further, the general belief among Radical politicians is that he will adhere far more closely than before to the lines of the Irish Church Act. The meaning of these tactics would be that the House of Lords, having passed one Bill, could only reject the second out of pure spite. As to Mr Gladstone's attitude with regard to Welsh Disestablishment, it seems pretty certain that he will remain entirely neutral. In fact, there is little probability that he will attend the House next Session to vote on that or any other question. The Welsh members do not -iffect,to conceal their delight at his presumptive absence. They have throughout regarded him as an advocate of Disestablishment less from conviction than from necessity. Besides, Mr Lloyd George and Mr Evans have by no means forgotten or forgiven the snubbing they received when they attempted to obstruct the Clergy Discipline Bill.
CERTAIN EVIDENCE OF INSANITY. Robert Bignell Brown, aged 74, was charged at Dover yesterday with wandering in an un- sound state of mind. He left a parcel containing £1,000 behind him at a lodging-house.
LATE SHIPPING NEWS. (LLOYD'S TELEGRAMS.) The schooner Isabel!a, from Liverpool for Dingle, with coals, has arrived at Holyhead making water. The British steamer Elfrida, previously re- ported ashore at Velasco, is afloat. The steamer Hed worth. previously reported ashore on Chapman Sand, has floated unassisted. The steamer Allendale, from Penarth, has arrived at Liverpool with after tank full of water, having struck a submerged reef off Linney Head, Milford. The Russian schooner Wilhelm grounded at Amack, but was afterwards assisted afloat and towed to Copenhagen. She is undamaged and will proceed. The Norwegian steamer Noreg, from Amble, with coals, has arrived at Christiansund with two propeller blades broken. She had grounded, but floated unassisted, slightly damaged. A Las Palmas telegram states that the British steamer Sherbro, from Hamburg for the West Coast of Africa, is ashore in the harbour.
ALARMING FIRE AT LLANELLY. Last evening a fire out at the back of the stables of Bryncaerau Castle, the residence of Mr James Buckley, J. P. The fire was fanned by a gentle breeze, and tho hayricks were soon in flames. Notwithstanding the efforts of the fire brigade the fire was not got under until considerable damage was done. The origin of the fire is not known.
CARDIFF MUSICAL FESTIVAL. SIR ARTHUR SULLIVAN WILL ATTEND. A meeting of the executive council wns heli last evening under the presidency of Mr H. M. Thompson. The secretaries reported that 242 members of the chorus had been enrolled, and that there were practically no vacancies except in the first and second tenor and the second bass, Mt Johnstone having resigned the chairmauship of the musical committee, Canon Downing was appointed chairman in his place, and Dr. Treasure was added to the musIcal committee and Mr Evan Lloyd to the finance com- mittee, On the motion of the Chairman, it was resolved that the hearty thanka of the council be presented to Mr Johnstone foi the signal services he had rendered to the fes. tival, and that the vote be engrossed on vellum for presentation. A letter from Dr. Stanford wa* read definitely promismg the first performance of his new work, "The Bard," at the festival, and promising also his personal attendance to con. duct it. It was also intimated that Sir Arthur Sullivan had promised to attend the festival, and to conduct the performance of one of his works if the council desired it. It was unanimously re- solved to accept his offer with hearty acknow. ledgment, and to select for performance hit oratorio, "The Ligh t of the World." It wu resolved to invite Mr Edward German to write new orchestral suite, and the final settlement 01 the programme was referred to the next meeting of the musical committee.
^LISTS' CHURCH PARADE AT LLANELLY. STRONG PROTESTS FROM A RELIGIOUS BODIES. of irraneInents have been made by the cyclists to bring the season to a close to- %hroaiI(tunday)by aparade on their marines Peter'g Oh princ'Pal streets of the town to St. Mor8au.j0Unr^h' where the vicar (the Rev. D. suitably ^aa promised to preach a sermon created q„°t occasion. The proposal has of the ooim11ya SetlsatioD among certain sections solution^ hav*^ an^ protests, embodied in r€- number of the !o, ^eetl made by a considerable miUee 0f jJ-Pels. At a meeting of the corn- Association held o a°d District Baptist Humphreys in tu hursday evening, Rev. B. resolution was passed C^a^r' a strongly-worded poeal whioh, if carried ^rofce8tmg against a pro- of those present. ed Out, would in the opinion Sabbath. the desecration of the
ELECTRIC1TY CM „. ^— Tt electricity thare Warr^teTto°fc^er remedies fail. '• L. Pulvermach°BUgl1 the body pend » gentle current -"wuucher ana Co Pamphlet post free.— ^eat-atreet. W. 7946
THE KAFFIR RISING. SITUATION LESS EXCITING. PORTUGUESE REFUSE FOREIGN ASSISTANCE. JOHANNESBURG, Friday.—The excitement in Lorenzo Marquez is now quieting down con- siderably. The place, however, is still surrounded by hostile natives in large numbers. The Portu- guese are awaiting reinforcements, which have been dispatched to their aid. The Delagoa Bay Railway was "linked in" yesterday morning.— Press Association. LISBON, Friday. A despatch from the Governor of Lorenzo Marquez states that every. thing is quiet, and that he is preparing quarters for the reinforcements sent out from Fortugal-- Reuter. LISBON, Friday (Later).—The Portuguese Government declines foreign aid in dealing with the rebellious natives at Lorenzo Marquez.-— Reuter.
ILLNESS OF THE AMEER. BETTER NEWS. SIMLA, Friday.-The latest advices received here from Cabul state that the Ameer's condition showed an improvement on the 13th inst.-Reuter. CALCUTTA, Friday.—A letter from Sir Saltar Pyne, dated CabuJ, October 13th, states that the Ameer's condition had improved. Sir Saltar saw him on the 11th, but he was then very weak. No mention is made of any change in the situation in the Afghan capital.-Betder.
FRANCE AND MADAGASCAR. AN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. PARIS, Friday.—It is stated that General Giovanninelli, commander of the 3rd Army Corps, will lead the Frennh expedition which may possibly be sent to Madagascar. -Reute?-.
MINERS' RIOT IN AMERICA. NON-STRIKERS SLAUGHTERED. NEW YORK, Friday.—A despatch from Ash- land, in Kentucky, states that a number of strikers last night prepared an ambush in Carter County for the miners who had refused to join them. The unsuspecting men knew nothing until fire was opttneJ upon them. Ten were shot, some of the wounds being mortal. A sheriff's posse is pursuing the strikers. Further rioting is expected.—Central News.
THE BRAZILIAN REBELLION, DISTRIBUTION OF OFFICIAL INFORMATION. We have received from Senor Fasciotti, Brazilian Consul at Cardiff, copies of the pam- phlets issued by the Government of the Republic in reference to the late rebellion. These consist of the Message of the President to Congress, wherein he reviews the circumstances of the fighting, and also copies of the correspondence be. tween the Brazilian and Portuguese Governments in reference to the escape of the rebels, which was facilitated by the commander of the warhips of the latter Power. The documents have been issued in order that the true position of the Brazilians and the injustice done them may be recognised in Great Britain.
DEATH OF THE VENEZUELAN PRESIDENT. NEW YORK, Friday.-The New York Herald correspondent at Caracas announces the death of Senor Feleciano Alvezez, the Acting-President of Yenezuela.-Central News.
SUPPOSED TRADES UNIONIST OUTRAGES. ATTEMPTS TO WRECK PLYMOUTH GASWORKS. Plymouth Gasworks have been the scene of a series of extraordinary outrages during the last few days. On Sunday an attempt was made to wreck the largest gas-holder on the works by wedging stones against it in such a manner as to cause the probable collapse of the structure. Other annoyances have been experienced, and on Thursday night these culminated in a successful attempt to throw part of the town in darkness. In this, as in the other instances, the mischief was vreatly rectified, butveryserious consequences might have happened, A district from which the gas was cut off includes two railway stations. The outrages are believed to be due to Trades Unionists recently discharged in consequence of the adoption of stoking machinery on which non- Unionist labour is employed. The directors of the company have offered a reward of £100 for the detection of the perpetrators of the attempt on the gas-holder, and are taking means to trace the occurrences to their source. Last night police protection was provided for the works, and the precautions of the officials have beenstrength- ened.
A ROYAL BETROTHAL RATIFIED. PRINCE ADOLPHUS OF TECK AND LADY MARGARET GROSVENOR. It is notified in last night's Gazette that the Queen in Council has given her consent to a con. tract of matrimony between Prince Adolphus of Teck and Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor, which consent her Majesty has also caused to be signified under the great seal, and to be entered in the books of the Privy Council.
LATEST AMERICA N TRAIN ROBBERY. CAPTURE AT CINCINNATI. NEW YORK, Friday.—Another man, suspected of being one of the robbers who attacked the Quantico train, has been captured at Cincinnati, where, in attempting to board a train, he broke his leg. His refusal to be conveyed to the hospital aroused suspicion, and he was arrested. On being searched 1,200 dols. were found secreted in his clotbing-liat, boots, and satchel. He moreover wore a false truss, which was filled with money.-Reuter.
TO-DAY'S FORECAST FOR ENGLAND, S. W., AND SOUTH WALES. North-easterly breezes some showers. GENERAL.—Unsettled weather and cold showers seems likely to be pretty general.
GENERAL FORECASTS. The following forecasts were prepared last night at the Meteorological Office at eight o'clock -1 DISTRICTS— 8 Scotland, N.| Easterly breezes, moderate l! Scotland, K. } or light; passing cold; 2. England, N.E.J showers. 3. England, E. North-easterly and easterly 4. MId. CountIes. t winds; dull, unsettled 5 Eng. S. (Lon. I some rain. and Channel. 6, Scotland, W.1 Eaateriy and north-easterly 7. Engl. N W,>- freezes, light; fair. North Wales J 9 Ireland, N. t North easterly breezes 19*. Ireland, S.-J some rain.
Unless Dame Rumour lies we shall see the Duke of Marlborough's colours unfurled on a racecourse neat season. SHANKS'S SPECIALITIES. Two Gold Medals awarded at the Dublin Brewers' Exhibition for the Ginger Ale, Brewed Stone Beer, Mineral Waters, and HOD Bitter J. Shanks and Co.. Dublin. saæ
HIS MAJESTY SINKING FAST LITTLE HOPE OF RECOVERY. THE END BELIEVED TO BE IMMINENT. SPECIAL SERVICES FOR HIS RECOVERY. THE CZARINA PROSTRATED BY GRIEF. NATURE OF HIS MAJESTY'S DISEASE. INTERVIEW WITH A MEDICAL EXPERT. The Press Association was informed last even. ing by M. de Staal, Russian Ambassador, who had been engaged at the Foreign Office, that the Czar's condition was grave in the extreme, the telegrams received at the Embassy leaving little hope. THE END IMMINENT. VIENNA, Friday Evening.—A despatch re- ceived at the Foreign Office from St. Petersburg this evening states that the Czar is slowly sink- ing, and that news of his death may be received at any moment.-C&ntral News. ST. PETERSBURG, Friday Afternoon.—Accord- ing to the latest intelligence from Livadia, the Czar's condition is desperate. -Reuter. HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY, THE CZAR. -1 SPECIAL SERVICE IN PARIS. PARIS, Friday Night.—A special service, at which prayers were offered up for the recovery of the Czar, was held this morning at the Russian Church in the Rue Dara. It was attended by the Grand Duke Michael Nicholaievitch, the staff of the Russian Embassy, and leading members of the Russian colony. President Casimir-Perier, M. Dupuy, Premier General Mercier, Minister ot War, and M. Hanotaux, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, sent representatives. After the service Baron de Mouresheim, the Russian Ambassador, was plied with questions as to the latest news regarding the Czar's illness. His Majesty's condition," his Excellency said, "is serious, very serious, but still it is far from being hopeless. MOVEMENTS OF THE GRAND DUKE ALEXIS. The Grand Duke Alexis returned to Paris this morning from Biarritz, but was not present at the service. He !eft by the Orient express this evening for Russia, accompanied by his aide-de- camp, Capt. Nitoff. Baron and Baroness de Mohrenheim and the staff of the Embassy received his Imperial Highness at the Eastern Railway Station. The Grand Duke conversed for some minutes with Baroness de Mohrenheim, and cordially shook hands with all those present. It was remarked that he looked very sorrowful. THE CZAREWITCH. WHAT THE FRENCH PRESS SAYS. The Figaro states that the fact the Czar was suffering f roni Bright's disease was only discovered on August 18th last. The Jour this evening says:—" For his own merits, apart from all con- siderataons of international combinations and alliances, the Czar deserves to be praised and to be loved until the day when he will be regretted." The Patrie remarks:—"If the Czar dies he will have the supreme consolation of heariftg before his demise the cry of gratitude and universal grief. He will be mourned by Russia and France. "-Peuter. THE ABANDONED VISIT TO CORFU. ATHENS, Friday.-The Athens Press comments in terms of respectful sorrow on the cause of the abandonment of the Czar's proposed visit to Corfu. Count Benkendorff, Chamberlain of the Russian Court, has left the island on his return to Livadia. All arrangements for the Czar's recep- tion have been countermanded. Owing to the serious news received regarding the Czar's con- dition, it is thought probable that the King of Greece may at any moment start for Livadia.— Reuter. THE CZARINA PROSTRATED. COLOGNE, Friday.—The Cologne Gazette says that the departure for Livadia of Professor Merschejewski, the specialist for nervous diseases, is connected with reports that the Czarina re- quires medical treatment in consequence of the anxiety she has undergone. -Reuter. DEPRESSION ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE. The London Stock Markets yesterday, with some few exceptions, show increased depression in con. sequence of the continued unfavourable reports of the illness of the Czar. A MESSAGE OF SYMPATHY. CBTTINJK, Friday.—Prince Nicholas of Mon- tenegro has sent the following telegram to the Czarevitch In the deep anxiety and pain which the news from Livadia caused me, I can only unite my prayers with yours for the lengthening of the precious days of my great and noble protector. "-Beuter. THE EMPEROR'S DISEASE DESCRIBED. INTERVIEW WITH A MEDICAL EXPERT. The Press Association was informed yesterday afternoon by one of the most prominent members of the medical profession, who has made an exhaustive study of kidney disease, that the illness from which the Czar is reported to be suffering is fatal. The expert in question said that the disease from which his Majesty suffers is contracted granular kidney, and the patient is doomed. Young and healthful blood may in some circum- stances successfully resist the development of the disease, but in the case of a patient over middle age the only hope of such result would lie in the effective treatment at the earliest stages of the complaint. The Czar," prooeeded the expert, has been suffering for two years, and his case is now diagnosed as contracted granular kidney, ag- gravated by intercessantnephrites, vomiting, severe headache, weakness, fainting fits, and other complications." Asked to give a less technical description, the expert proceeded to say: In a young person we often have inflamed and enlarged kidneys, and from these causes we get the effect of contracted kidneys. The same effect follows cancer, except that m place of the faintness which has supervened in the Czar's case great pain is experienced. The kidneys, like the liver, act as purifiers of the blood, and once they fail to do their work of purification putrefaction gets into the system, mounts to the heart and brain, and indeed impregnates the entire system, giving a sickly aspect to the sufferer, and causing terrible loss of strength. It is easy to be led astray in such cases, for a strong man like the Czar may suffer for two years or even longer without the true nature of the malady becoming apparent, but sometimes the affection may be diagnosed at once and effectually dealt with. In the present case his Majesty's great strength has perhaps been his greatest enemy, in that it has enabled him to fight against his disease until it has reached a stage at which it is too late to save him. The disease is nob uncommon. "Vd is a br;a»cb of B!,j¡:tI' disease. not unfrequently brought on by high living, but most commonly by scarlet fever, gout, and influenza. These may cause inflammation of the kidneys, and subsequent shrinkage. In the Czar's case influenza was probably the origin of the disease making it harder to diagnose in the early stages than would have been the case with either of the alternative causes. Strange to say, there are instances, though they are infrequent, in which the disease is hereditary. One of the earliest symptoms is the presence of albumen in the system, and subsequently there is general lassi- tude, following failure of the heart's function. The Czar's doctor probably ordered him South because the patient gets relief from heat, par. ticularly any form of heat involving profuse perspiration. When the final stage is reached weakness of the heart induces insensibility, followed frequently by fits, and death occurs generally during one of these lethargic seizures. LATEST BULLETIN. ST. PKTERSCUCG, Saturday, 2.5 a.m.—The fol- lowing bulletin was issued by the physicians in attendance upon the Czar at ten o'clock last night:—" The Emperor passed an almost sleepless night, but rose this morning as usual. The general weakness and action of the heart are unchanged. The sypmtoms of edema of the feet, which had been observed before, have increased. His Majesty's general condition is unchanged."—(Signed) Leyden, Sacharin, Hirsch, Popoff, Weliaminoff.—Reuter.
BRUTAL CRIME AT BELFORT. CHILDREN DROWNED. MOTHER SHOCKINGLY MALTREATED. No little sensation has been created in the neighbourhood of Belfort by a horrible and mys- terious crime. On Thursday a married woman was found in the cellar of her house, insensible, stripped of her clothing, gagged, and bound hand and foot. Almost at the san-e moment the corpses of her two children were discovered in a canal, into which the little victims had been thrown. The poor woman had gone on Tuesday to make some purchases at the nearest town, and it is presumed that she was attacked, with her children, who had accompanied her, soon after their return. A doctor was summoned in haste by the neighbours, who, hearing her groans, had hurried to her assistance, and found her in this deplorable condition. Alter some time she resumed consciousness, but was unable to utter a word. This brutal crime was committed during the absence of her husband, who is undergoing the four weeks' period of training in a regiment at Belfort. Although every effort is being made by the authorities to detect the murderer, no olue has as yet been discovered.
THE KENTISH RAILWAY ACCIDENT The gates at the level crossing at Chartham, where a number of hoppers were recently killed as they were crossing the line in a wagon—they failed to see an approaching train oil account of the fog-are henceforth to be kept locked. At the inquest, Mr Willis, as representing the South. Eastern Railway Company, undertook that the gates should be provided with spring locks. As a matter of fact, he said the farmers for whose convenience these accommodation crossings existed were required by Act of Parliament to keep the gates locked, and were liable to a penalty for not doing so. With the provision of gates and locks for the crossings the liability of the com- pany ceased.
The Empress of Japan, who lately celebrated her silver wedding, is not only a pretty woman, says Cassell's Saturday Journal, but very intellectual, and has great strength and beauty of character. Her great hobby is the Peeresses' School, which she has established at Tokio, and she'has a suite of apartments there. The great Cork card case which filled the English newspapers a few months ago is not yet a thing of the past in county Cork nor is it likely to be for a long while. It has spht county society up into two distinct and quite antagonistic sets. ALL fat has to be emulsionised, or broken up into tiny particles before it can be assimilated. The fat in Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil is ah-eady emulsionised, and can be taken into the blood without taxing the digestive organ-. In this way Scott's Emulsion is superior to plain oil, besides being palatable. Scott s Emulsion builds up healthy flesh quickly where plain oil merely nauseates and passes off without good wsiiUs, Chemists sell it. 2s od and 4s 6d. 31)i
MYSTERIOUS PROWLER AT A POWDER FACTORY. PURSUED BY EMPLOYEES, BUT ESCAPES. The Press Association saysAbout a fortnight ago a strange man was found loitering near the guncotton stores in the Royal Gunpowder Factory at Waltham Abbey at an early hour. He was chased, but succeeded in escaping over a fence which surrounds the premises. A few mornings since, at about two o'clock, the same man, or one similarly attired, was seen by two young em- ployees loitering about the newly-erected nitro- glycerine works. As soon as he noticed that he was observed he ran away, but the lads got near enough to be able to describe his clothes, although they could not discern his features, whioh were hiddeu by a slouched hat. An alarm was raised, and 40 men commenced to search the premises, which cover an area of 10 or 12 acres, but no further trace of the individual could be found. The man had ample time to escape, as the employees had to change their felt slippers before they couid commence the search. It is believed the man has some evil intention on the storehouses, which are at present filled with gun- cotton, cordite, nitro glycerine, and other detonating material.
BRITISH GOVERNMENT AND PEACE. THE FOREIGN OFFICE'S RECENT ACTION. A SEMI-OFFICIAL EXPLANATION. The Daily News is enabled to give an authori. tative answer to the attempt of the Times and other Tory journals within the past few days to fasten upon the Government a charge of intervening, wantonly and unsuccessfully, in the quarrel between Japan and China, in order to make party capital out of tho precious word Peace." Our contemporary dis- tinctly affirms that the Government had not the subject of intervention before it when it recently met in Cabinet Council; that the incentive to intervention did not arise until two or three days afterwards; that the incentive came from China herself; that a majority of the great Powers supported the British Government in its "tentative diplomatic movements towards peace" by the conveyance of the terms which China was prepared to offer as a basis for negotiations and that Japan has not finally rejected the overtures made to her by so influential and authoritative a "backing." It is more than satisfactory to know that the French Government has shown in dealing witu this question a friendly and cordial spirit. French statesmen have seized this occasion of proving that when the interests of the two countries are the same, both can act harmoniously together. It should be needless to add that such inter- vention as has been suggested is purely a diplo- matic one, made in the friendliest spirit to both the combatants.
POLITICAL SITUATION. "SINISTER RUMOURS." HARMONY PREVAILS. The Pall Mall Gazette, commenting on the last meeting of the Cabinet, says It cannot be overlooked that the departure of Lord Kimberley from Downing-street on the day after the Cabinet meeting, his continued ab- sence since, and the fact that Lord Rosebery and not Lord Kimberley conducted the business at the Foreigh Office during the greater part of last week have combined to excite the most sinister rumours in and about the public offices. There is no explanation of Lord Kimberley's absence from his post at the time when despatches of the most pressing concern were being sent and received, and it is not to be wondered at if the worst construction is put upon it, even to the circulation of the persistent statement that grave differences of opinion asserted themselves at the council between the Prime Minister and the Foreign Minister, having relation to the initiation of the proposals made to the respective Powers. The Press Association is enabled to state that in all negotiations which have bsen carried on be- tween Great Britain and other Powers with a view to bringing about peace between China and Japan, Lord Rosebery, as late Secretary of State for loreign Affairs, and Lord Kimberley, as present Secretary, have acted entirely in harmony, no step having been taken by the Premier without full knowledge by Lord Kimberley of the contents of the various despatches.
WHY DISSOLVE PARLIA- MENT ? POSITION OF THE WELSH BILL. UNIONISTS WHO WILL NOT OPPOSE IT. AN ULTRA TORY VIEW. A correspondent of the ultra-Tory PaU Arall Gazette, writing on the subject of a possible General Election, and deprecating the possi- bility thereof, refers as follows to the chances of the Welsh Disestablishment Bill :-By common consent the Bill for the Disestablishment and Disendowment of the Welsh Church will have precedence of everything in the Government pro- gramme. On this issue the party is absolutely solid and united. The Unionists, so far from being united, are sharply divided. The Conser- vative vote will, no doubt, be cast straight against any Bill dealing with the Welsh Churchwhich Mr Asquith may introduce. The Liberal Unionists, however, are in a very different position. The majority of the party will probably vote with the regular Opposition against the Bill. But what of Mr Chamberlain and his more immediate fol- lowers ? Here is a list, no member of which will be found in the Opposition lobby on a Welsh Disestablishment division- Mr Chamberlain, Mr Courtney, Mr Jesse Collings, Mr Powell Williams, Mr W. Kenrick, Mr George Dixon, Mr J. A. Bright Mr T. W. Russell, Mr C. Corbett, Mr A. Cross, Mr T. Bolitho, Mr T. C. Williams. Now, supposing only two or three of these gentle- men vote for the Bill, the mere abstention from the division lobby of nine or less Unionists will send up the Government majority on the second reading beyond its normal standard. Instead of Rit may touch 50. There is nothing here to indicate even difficulty. The Lords will probably reject the Bill. But this is not the point under discussion. The Bill can be carried through the House of Commons with more than the usual Government strength. What then is to force a dissolution
LIBERAL ORGANISATION IN NORTH WALES. PROPOSED AMALGAMATION WITH CYMRU FYDD. An important meeting of the North Wales Liberal Association was held at Rhyl on Friday, under the presidency of Mr Thomas Goo. The attendance also included Messrs J. Herbert Lewis, M.P., D. Lloyd George, M.P., J. Bryn Roberts, M.P., and mitny influential North Wales Liberals. A long discussion took place with regard to a resolution submitted by the Bangor Liberal Association requesting the executive of the North Wales Liberal Federation to consider the advisability of amalgamating or merging the present Federation with the Cymru Fydd League. Ultimately the following resolution, moved by Rev. Gynoro Davies, and seconded by Mr Owen Owen, was carried by 14 votes to 4 "That having regard to the existence of another Liberal Association established lately under the name of Cymru Fydd, the existence of which, side by side with the Welsh Liberal Federation, could not but; militate against the best interest of the Welsh Liberal party, this meeting appoints a number of gentlemen to meet a like number appointed by the Cymru Fydd to discuss the situation." The following gentlemen were selected to represent the North Wales Federation Messrs Thos. Gee, Owen Owen, and E. Bryan.
CADBURY S COCOA.—"A food alike suitable for building up the growing body, and for repairing the waste which is incidental to all the processes of life -Health. 117na
DISESTABLISHMENT. MR ALFRED THOMAS, M.P. AT PONTLOTTYN. ALLOCATION OF THE TITHE. TITHES AND OLD AGE PENSIONS. Speaking last night at Pontlottyn, Mr Alfred Thomas, M.P., said last Session would have been a memorable one were it for no other reason than the introduction of the Bill to disestablish the Church of England in Wales. He had read and criticised many Bills introduced into the House of Commons—indeed, be had introduced three himself, and had had the honour of passing one through that House—but he did not know of one in itself more complete, or which so admirably met the case, as the great Bill introduced by Mr Asquith. (Applause.) To claim, bow- ever, perfection for the Bill was more than could be done for any human institution, but he would say this Bill was admirably drawn and conceived in a true Christian spirit. The Bill had already received from its foes unqualified condemnation, and from its friends the highest praise tempered with a little friendly criticism on one or two details. To meet some of those objections and to offer a suggestion with regard to one point was his reason for now approaching the question. A leading Welsh Liberal, the most brilliant member of the party, was almost indignant that such generous treatment should be proposed for clergymen now holding benefices. That the terms were fair, and even magnaminous, he (Mr Alfred Toomas) was prepared to freely admit, but should they be anything else ? In his private capacity he always endeavoured to look at a matter from the standpoint of the person with whom he was discussing, and he had tried to view the question from this position, and had come to the conclusion that the terms of the Bill were reasonable, just, and fair. Whether some other arrangement would be better than those suggested in the Bill he was quite willing to consider, always provided (as the lawyers say) that the terms would be no less advantageous than the original. In this way they could not be charged with dealing harshly with ministers holding livings and he was quite sure that what was offered them in the Bill was quite as much as they expected-indeed, more than they would be given if the measure was rejected by the House of Lords. (Hear, hear, and applause.) Another item in the Bill had also received considerable attention, namely, with regard to THE APPROPRIATION OF TITHES. This was a question which deserved attention. We could profit by the fate of the Irish Church Fund to avoid such a calamity in the Welsh case, and this was provided in the Bill, as the body of the fund was to remain intact, the interest to be used for whatever purpose which might be ulti- mately determined. The Bill provided that each parish should have the disposal of the tithe paid in such parishes. He did not know whether or not this was a sop to the pious ancestor myth. It so, he was not at all sanguine that it would in the least propitiate those who held that doctrine. But they might credit the very able gentlemen who drafted the measure with being a little more matter-of-fact than attempting an impossible feat. There was much that could be said for the principle, and under many circumstances the plan might be most desirable. It had been also suggested that the tithes should be collected into one fund. If they had local self-government for Wales, or when they got it, such a scheme would be very much more feasible than at present, but in his opinion a middle course between those two extremes would be the better one. It was his privilege to propose, when the draft Intermediate Education Bill was discussed by the Welsh members, that the county councils should control those admir- able educational institutions, and with such modi- fication as a Conservative Government deemed necessary to the suggestion of a Radical that proposition was embodied in the measure. Now, he was of the opinion that they could not do better than entrust such important authorities (who had on the whole managed the business of the counties so successfully and satisfactorily) with the management and disposal of the tithes. (Applause.) There was one question that was becoming ripe for treatment, and could not much longer be left unsolved, and that was THE QUESTION OF OLD AGE PENSIONS. When the matter was discussed the first and greatest objection urged against the principle was that of providing the necessary funds. It was urged that the poor-rate was already a heavy burden, and to further handicap it with old-age pensions would be adding the proverbial last straw to the back of the camel. Now, in his opinion, the tithe fund could not be more appro- priately employed than in providing the means for the deserving poor to end their days with at least the bare necessaries of life. One could think, if there were any such person as the pious ancestor, that even his shade would view sllch an arrangement with satisfaction were it only by way of restitution for the long period the poor had been kept out of their share of the tithe. (Hear, hear, and applause.) In this way, not only would the pensions be met, but to some extent the poor- rate itself would be relieved. No doubt in com- mittee some modifications would be made in the Bill-but he ventured to believe that no measure of such magnitude and importance would emerge from the House of Commons with fewer emenda- tions than the Bill introduced by the Home Secre- tary. (Applause.) There were some Welsh Liberals who believed that English Radicals in rural districts of England could not be expected, to be enthusiastic on a Welsh question. BUT WAS THIS A WELSH QUESTION ? Wherever religious equality was appreciated-and: it ought to be in Englmlll-this question would be their's also. Strange as it might appear to soma people, it was in the rural districts where the greatest fervour was manifested for Disestablish- ment. One English member of Parliament, who. was returned with a majority or 400, and who represented a typical rural division, informed him that if the contest we, e fought upon Welsh Disea- lishment alone, his majority, instead of being 400, would have reached 3,000. The next Session will be a Welsh Session, and it would cause more commotion throughout the country than any previous one. At present we heard little of the Disestablishment measure. There was a calm in political circles whioh was oviiinolls-the calm before the storm. Let them not be deceived by such apparent indifference, but rather be prepared for the longest and most bitterly-fought battle in our politica! annals but the longer and the severer the struggle, the greater and more com* plete would be the victory. (Applause.)
LORD ROBERTS' VISIT TO NEWPORT. At a special meeting of the Newport Tow; Council m committee held yesterday it wa decided to present Lord Roberts of Candahar, who will visit Newport on Tuesday next in con, nection with the opening of a military baaaai; wIth an address of welcome. Lord Roberts, wht will be accompanied by Lady Roberts, will be the guest of Lord Tredegar during his stay it this district.
It is said a party in Norway are in favour o prohibiting the registration of British and othei foreign vessels. k RECENTLY PUBLISHED REPORT of the Histori. cal Manuscripts Commission contains a most interesting digest of the ancient records of the Corporation of Hereford, and some references te the making and selling of beer, are worth notice, Alle," Beere," and Metheglen" (a beer mad. from honey) are frequently mentioned from .15U to the end of that century. At various times, from 1513 to 1550, persons were indicted foi putting hops in ale. there being a law in forot against the practice. Little did the magistrate& of that time think that in the nineteenth centur) one of the most paying industries in the county o( Hereford would be the growing of this so-callec "pernicious drug," and that the city itself should become famed for the brewing of a special beer the Golden Sunlight -> Ale, whose excellent* and flavour should greatly depend upon the vert pick of Herefordshire hops being used in its brew ing. Brewed only by Charles Watkins and Son the Hereford Brewery, and sold by Agont throughout the kinedom. 13401-119