CURRENT SPORT. At Blackpool, a Ten Miles Race, the first of a eerie, to be decided between the well-known riders, T; Belph and J. W. Schofield and H. Sansom and R. ldiborrow, took place in the presence of 1800 spec- tators. The track was 3 laps 290 yards to the mile, and the men had to pass the winning-post 35 times. Bansom and Oxborrow showed the way until the 34th lap, when Relph and his partner shot to the front, and won, after an exciting race, by six lengths, in 27min. 50sec. Golfing competitions on Saturday showed a slight falling off as compared with the preceding two weeks. The Royal Epping Forest Club were holding their autumn meeting. The scratch medal went to Mr. H. A Gardom (82). The gold quarterly medal was won fcy Mr. C. J. Fox (80 net), and the silver by Mr. G. B. Newburn (78 net).—The Mid-Surrey Club's junior monthly medal competition resulted in a tie between Messrs. W. Wellington and H. Holland (80 net).— Several prizes were competed for in the autumn meet- ing of the Worl'ngton and Newmarket Club. The 3ftev. L. R. Tuttitt (83 net) won the Bunbury Cup, Mr. C.G. Salmon (98) the Baird Cup (scratch prize), and Mr. 21. T. C. Bunbury (89 net), the hon. sec.'s. medal.—West Herts Club, monthly medals, handicaps of 12 and under: Mr. F. A. W. Graham (80 net). Exceeding >12: Mr. A. Butcher (86 net). Littlestone Clubs' Competition: Mr. J. A. Thomas (87 net).—Chester Club beat Conway Club by 18 up.—West Lancashire Jblub, Shelmerdine prize: Dr. Fisher (93), winner.— Bouthport Club, monthly modal: Messrs. F. W. H. Campbell and R. O. N. Dean tied at 82 net. They tlivided first and second sweepstakes. The negotiations for the purchase of 159 acres of land to add to the existing golf links at Littlestone, iiave resulted in the Romney Town Council agreeing to accept an offer of £ 2000, considering it would be of great value to the neighbourhood to secure the permanent establishment of a good golf ground. The decibion of the council was made known to the club on Saturday. The ties in the first round of the qualifying com- petition for the National Cup have been decided, and of these the following were the most important: Dover were victorious over Maidstone at Dover by five goals to one. Windsor and Eton won a fino match against Cowes by two goals to one at Cowes. Luton were successful against the City Ramblers at Luton by eight goals to two. King's Own Rifles beat Maidenhead by one goal to none at Maidenhead. There was a large company at Chatham to witness the match between Sittingbourne and Chatham. Besult, a tie of one goal each. Southampton St. Mary's gained a decisive victory over Newbury by 14 goals to none at Southampton. Folkestone were beaten, by the Millwall Athletic by five goals to none at Millwall. St. Albans won a keen match over the Vampires by one goal to none at Norbury. Reading were successful against Cliiton at Reading by seven goals to three. Bristol St. George's lost to Swin- UOD by four goals to two at Swindon. West Herts were beaten by Tottenham Hotspur by three goals to two at Tottenham. Lincoln City were defeated by Grimsby at Lincoln by three goals to none. London Casuals beat Chesham, on the latter's ground, by four goals to one. Great Marlow gain ed » victory over Slough by four goals to one at Slough, Macclesfield beat Chester by two goals to one at Chester. Clapton scored a victory against Old St. Stephen's by five foals to two at Upton. Rotherham were de- bated by Gainsborough by fivegoals to one at Gains- borough. Kettering lost to Loughborough by four goals to none at Loughborough. At Burton-on- Trent the Burton Wanderers beat Walsall by three goals to none. The Port Vale Club of Burslem tost to Stourbridge by five goals to three at Stour- bridge. The League matches ended as follows First Divi- eioneveral thousand people visited Blackburn, where the Blackburn Rovers beat the Bolton Wan- derers by two goals to one. Everton beat Liverpool by three goals to none on the Everton ground. Eight matches have been played by Everton, who have won the whole of them; over 20,000 spectators wit- nessed their Saturday's victory. Aston Villa beat West Bromwich Albion, before 10,000 on- lookers at Birmingham, by three goals to one. Wolverhampton Wanderers beat Sheffield Wed- nesday at Wolverhampton by two goals to none. Notts Forest gained a victory over Stoke by three goals to none at Stoke. Derby County were defeated by Sunderland at Derby by two goals to one. Preston North End beat the United Club of Sheffield by one goal to none at Sheffield before a very large com- pany. Burnley secured a victory against Small Heath by three goals to one at Burnley. SECOND DIVIRION.-Nott.s County sustainod their first defeat in this season's competition at Notting- ham, where Manchester City beat them by three j goals to one. Woolwich Arsenal and Newton Heath met at Newton Heath. Result—a tie of three goals each. Darwen lost to the United Club of Newcastle by three goals to two at Newcastle. Old Harrovians were defeated by the Old West- minsters at Wembley-park by four goals to two. Old Carthusians and the Old Foresters met at LeÜon. Result, a tie of four goals each. Charterhouse School beat Reigate Priory by two goals to one at Godalming. London Caledonians gained a victory over the Crusaders by three goals to one at Caledonian-park. ■Glasgow Rangers (holders of the Scotch Challenge Cup) beat 3rd Lanark R. V. by two goals to none at Glasgow. 1st Scots Guards lost to the Royal Ordnance by three goals to one at Greenwich. Heart of Mid Lothian beat St. Mirren's by three goals to one at Paisley. Civil Service lost to the 2nd Scots Guards at Tufnell-park by four goals to three. At Aldershot the Highland Light Infantry beat the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders by six goals to none. Old Brightonians were defeated by Weybridge by five goals to one at Wevbridge. West Kent were victorious over Tunbridge Wells by four goals to one at Chislehurst. At Hampden-park, Glasgow, the powerful Queen's-park Club beat Battlefield by eight goals to two. For the Lancashire Challenge Cup, Warrington were defeated by St. Helens, on the latter's ground, by three tries* to nothing. Salford and ewinton played their match at Salford result, a tie of three points each. Broughton Rangers lost to Tyldesley by two goals and two tries to nothing at Tyldesley. Rochdale Hornets lost to Wigan by three goals and two tries to nothing at Rochdale. To witness the Yorkshire County Senior Coin- petition several thousand people were present at Halifax, when Halifax beat Liversedge by ouo goal and a try to a try. Hull beat Wake- field by three goals and a try to nothing at Hull. Leeds and Dewsbury played their match at Loeds. Result, a tie of three points each. Huddersfield lost to the Brighouse Rangers by one goal and two tries to one goal and a try at Huddersfield. Bradford beat Batley, before a numerous company on the latter's ground, by four goals and four tries to nothing. Manningham beat Hunslot, on the former's ground, by three goals and a try to one goal and two tries.
THERE are 8,902,033 Roman Catholics in the United States. TIIE cure of La Creuse, who alsoserves the parish of Montbouoher, was accompanied across the forest of Merignat the other evening by an escort of three wolves. Fortunately, he had provided himself with a lantern, and when the animals came too near lie turned its rays upon them, and they retreated, but only to approach again with glowing eyes and lolling tongues the moment he resumed his way. He reached home safe and sound, but the experience was not a pleasant one. It is early for wolves to approach the haunts of men. It is seldom they make their ap- pearance before the first snows. ABOUT 300 organ-grinders arrive in London every June from Italy, and leave again about October. THE inquest on Thomas Adamson, driver of the ■first engine of the Scotch express which was recently in collision with a mineral train at Castle Hills Junction, near Northallerton, was opened by Dr. J. S. Walton. After Miss Georgina Atkinson, lady superintendent of the Northallerton Cottage Hos- pital, had given evidence of Adamson's reception, his dreadful injuries, and death on the 12th inst., Mr. W. E. Adamson, clerk, of Darlington, stated that his father was 65 years of age, and had been regularly employed since 1874. A short time ago he under- went an official test for his eyesight at York, and .came out successfully. The inquest was adjourned until the 27th inst.
ON MATRIMONIAL OBEDIENCE. A writer in the Lady gives the following definition of the word "obey" as it appears in the marriage service. At the present day every woman of thought and sense knows perfectly well that the word is not intended to be accepted as if it stood alone, but is to be considered with the context, which is, I according to God's holy ordinance.' Therefore, the obedience which women owe to their husbands is not the blind, unreasoning service of a slave, which some critics affect to believe it to be, but the loving com- pliance which every true woman glady gives to parent (ir husband, as the case may be she remembers and acts upon the apostolic injunc- tion. The Marriage Service does not require a wife to obey her husband in doing that which is wrong in violation of the dictates of her conscience. Her first duty is to her God, and the obedience due to her husband is the obedience which can only be rendered according to God's holy ordinance.' Indulgence in selfishness, obstinate self- will, self-opinionated conceit, and a hard, selfish spirit-whether exhibited towards sister, friend, parent, or husband—are but the 'obeying' of the misleading dictates of our own warped minds, and scarcely deserve the name of obedience in any sense. Although we are living in a time of transi- tion, when so many of our sex are clamouring continuously, like the Athenians of old, for some new thing, we are safe in predicting that women would eventually regret any radical change which was wrought in the marriage service. There are, and always will be, some women whose nature it is to delight in making themselves slaves to their husbands, if they have them; or, if they are not blessed or cursed with them, then to some friend or relative. The possessors of such natures would not be happy if they had to act for themselves. They take, and like to take, tjtie word 'obey,' in the marriage service, and out of it, literally. Such a construction lifts from their shoulders a heavy weight of care and responsibility. There are, un- fortunately, many men who are bullies by nature, who are coarse, hard, and domineering, who insist upon reading and acting upon that one little word, without taking the context into consideration at all. They conveniently forget that they have vowed to lov e and cherish' the woman, whom they also promised 'to comfort, honour, and endow with all their wordly goods.' Weak women make domineering husbands, and nothing, alas! will alter this state of affairs— neither changes of words, ordinances, nor creeds. If a woman be foolish enough to set a man upon a pedestal and fall down and worship him, the man accepts the homage and the servitude, but in accept- ing it he not only lowers and degrades the woman whom he has promised to honour and cherish,' but, we confidently believe, he debases and insults his own better and higher nature. What is really required of both men and women in their married life is mutual affection and mutual concession, the one to the other; and if only husband and wife will trust to the old-fashioned system.,of give and take, the word will never be remembered by either iA a splrtf of either annoyance or irritation."
IRON AND COAL. The iron trade of South Staffordshire and East Worcestershire is scarcely so brisk as it was at the beginning of the month. Export business is still quiet. Home specifications are of a moderate character. Orders for merchant bars, in both branded and lower qualities, have been limited. Special sorts of shoe-iron are in steady demand. Tire fiats and half rounds in branded iron show more business, and there is a growing trade in mild steel kinds. Best sorts of cable rounds, for Government work, &c., are being turned out in fair parcels, but current requirements in ordinary test qualities do not show any upward tendency. Best branded descriptions of chain rounds in ordinary sizes are in steady request. Common sorts, however, remain in dull sale. A fair amount of business is reported in steel rounds for bolt and rivet purposes. Nut-iron is in moderate inquiry. Nail and wire rod makers are quiet. The hoop mills are only partially engaged. Business in tube strips is well maintained, both in iron and mild steel kinds. Bedstead and hinge makers are also ordering large parcels of steel strips. Makers of cold-rolled strip, with one or two exceptions, are exceedingly quiet, and inquiries are dull. Angles and tees are in regular demand for bridge and roofing work, &c. Channel and joist sections are ia fair inquiry. Steel bars are in fairly satisfactory demand. The tin-plate and tinned-sheet trade continues tolerably brisk. The quarterly meetings of the iron trade have been held recently. The pig- iron market has a firm tone, and some fair con- tracts have been entered into for delivery during the ensuing two or three months. The coal trade is showing increasing activity. Fuel for works require- ments is in regular demand, and there is an improved call for house coal. Prices are a little firmer.
EPITOME OF NEWS. NATIVE oysters are rather disappointingly small, after every prospect of a good season, but they will probably soon improve. ALL the Italian detectives who were recently detailed for special service in the different European capitals in respect to the movements of the Anarchists have returned to Rome. A GRAVESTONE, thought to be Saxon, but having about it Roman characteristics, has been uncovered in Lincoln Cathedral. On the face of the stone are two crosses, one within the other, and round the edge is a cable moulding. THE public is far from^awape of the vast amount of money which is practically untler the control of the Charity Commissioners. The total value of the stocks and investments held by the Official Trustees on the 31st Dec. last was no less than £ 16,781,948 19s. 2d. ENGL:SII grapes are extremely cheap just now, so muoh so that they scarcely pay for cultivation. Plums, danisms, and pears are the inexpensive fruits. Apples are not so much so. Walnuts and Kentish cobnuts are abundant. Ripe figs and peaches are also to be; had at low prices. A ST. PETERSBURG paper contradicts the report lately published in London that the Russian Govern- ment connived at the escape of 2000 convicts work- ing on the Siberian Railway, in order that they might send 5000 soldiers into Chinese territory on the pretext of pursuing the fugitives. A MEMBER of the Pretoria Commando which took part in the campaign against Malaboch, has com- mitted suicide, owing to his inability to get work. The Transvaal Executive voted him, as well &s others who were wounded in the war, £ 10 per month temporarily, but the announcement came an hour too late. THE need for a new Old Bailey is thus emphasised by the Law Journal: Viewed as the chief criminal court of assize in the Metropolis, both the exterior structure and the interior arrangements of the Old Bailey are mean and inadequate to a degree. There is nothing of so pleasant a character in its history and associations as to render the preservation of its walls-or even its site-a point of national honour." IT is but seldom that a really good specimen of the Damascus swe rd can be obtained, for the art of working and engraving steel is dead. These swords were made of alternate layers of iron and steel, so finely tempered that the blade would bend to the hilt without breaking, with an edge so keen that no coat of mail could resist it, and a surface so highly y polished that when a Moslem wished to re-arrange his turban he used his sword for a looking-glass. THE old saying, Up horn, down corn," is likely to be verified this season, for as the latter falls the former rises. The advance in cattle has not been very decided at present, Jit is true, but sheep have shown a decided tendency in that direction. Both at the Peterborough Fair, in England, and at Ballinasloe Fair, in Ireland, better prices might have been expected. However, although cattle at Billin- asloe made generally 20s. to 30s. less than last year, Kerrieo had a brisk demand at a substantial rise on last year's values, and sheep, too, showed an advance of 3s. a head. The English fairs and markets, agriculturists will be glad to hear, give a still greater rise. Sm HENRY LOCII, Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, hao; the greatest record as a British office-holder. He has served in fheCivil Service at London, has been a midshipman in the navy and a major in the array, has had a diplomatic mission, and has been Governor of sundry colonies. PRIC-B LotrlS PHILIPPE of Portugal, named after his maternal grandfather, and his younger brother, Prince Luis, Duke of Braganza, are handsome, sturdy little fellows, and have inherited both the charm of their mother and the manly qualities of the King, says the Lady's Pictorial. It can easily be understood that the King and Queen are utterly devoted to them, and that the appearance of the little lads is always hailed with acclamation by the Portuguese people. MR. JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN, says Answers, was 18 years of age when he made his first appearance in Birmingham. He was then a total stranger to the city and its people. He had with him, on his arrival, a letter of introduction to the parents of the late Sir Thomas Martineau, which ran as follows:—" Please be kind, and see as much as you can of poor Joe, for he knows nobody in Birmingham." LoRD ARMSTRONG'S well-known views respecting the superior utility, in naval warfare, of small cruisers are apparently shared by Admiral Sterneck, the First Lord of the Admiralty in Austria. Taking the recent Chino-Japanese sea-fight as his text, this I is what Admiral Sterneck is reported to have said: "If I were permitted to arrive at a final conclusion, I should say that large and powerful ehipa are not necessary to decide a battle, and that the war we have just seen proves that such vessels merely signify an enormous expense for the States that build tbem." DR. SIMON, of Yorkshire United Independent College, Bradford, who recently visited Berlin, calls attention to the contrast between the Germany of to- day and the Germany of a generation ago. It is, he says, exceedingly striking. Dr. Simon shows hew rapidly German towns have been improved, instancing especially Berlin, which, he observes, has lost its barracky appearance, and is now a remarkably hand- some city. Still, he does not think life is any easier for the Germans. In most external matters—house rent, food, clothing, servants' wages, taxes—the struggle for existence is far severer than when he first knew Germany. ONE of the richest families in England is that of the Loders, the descendants of Gerald Loder, a City merchant, who some years since died, leaving behind him over two millions in ready money, besides large interests in numerous City concerns. After his eldest son was made a baronet, the family became numbered among our county families, with 10,241 acres of land in four counties, with a seat to each estate, and a gross rental of £ 11,527 a year. The income of the eldest brother, Sir Edmund Giles Loder, is said to be over ESO,000, nearly £ 70,000 of which is from the Funds. IT might have made a great difference to the world if Thomas A. Edison had not fallen it love, or if, falling in love, his affair had been an unfortunate one. Eight years ago Mr. Edison met Miss Nina Miller, the handsome daughter of a millionaire in Boston. Miss Miller was studying music, and soon after the great electrician became acquainted with her he recognised that he had met his fate. Within six months they were engaged, and a short timo after, on February 24, 1886, they were married at her home in Ohio. THE alleged death of a girl from hypnotic excite- ment has recently brought the subject of hypnotism into prominence again, and its usefulness as a curative agent has been hotly debated by the doctors. There does not seem to be any particular objection to the medical gentlemen fighting the matter out, and pro- bably the cure is more harmless than some others that they impose upon their unhappy patients: but it is a very different matter when nervous excitable girls take to hypnotising one another. Mesmerism is quite a fashionable afternoon tea-party entertain- ment, and a much more dangerous one, we venture to think, than scandal or flirtation-at any rate, when the" subjects" are young girls of hysterical temperament. IT is not commonlv known that General Sir Evelyn Wood, whose Crimean reminiscences have proved that he possesses a decided literary ability, was in the navy before he joined the army. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL LLOYD PASHA, who has be?n appointed to the command of the Red Sea Littoral, and to the command at Souakim, has been in the Khedive's service since 1884. He served with the 51st Infantry Regiment in the Jowaki campaign of 1877, and in the Afghan War of 1878. During the Nile Expedition of 1884-85 he was in command of Tangur. He was also with the Soudan Frontier Field Force in 1887-88, and was present at the J engagements of Giness and Sarrass. A U-HOURS' bicycle race took place on futney, when G. Hunt, of the Notts Corinthians, covered just over 260 miles, thus breaking the record lately established by Walters at Herne-hill by over two miles. AT Southwark, James Crabb, the secretary of the Hornsey (Teetotal) Watch Committee, was charged with perjury at the instance of the Licensed Victuallers' Protection Society. He had given evi- dence in a police case against a publican in Black- friars-road, whom he accused of serving a constable while on duty. The charge was dismissed, and several persons now swore that the constable had not been served. Mr. Crabb was committed for trial. THE funeral of the late Earl Grey took place at Howick Churchyard on the 13th inst. General I Lynedoch Gardiner represented her Majesty the I Queen, and the Prince of Wales sent a wreath as a mark of his regard and esteem. The Bishop of Newcastle, assisted by several other clergymen, con- i ducted the Service, and a "umber of relatives and I friends were present. Six youthful bridesmaids are to be in attendance on Lady Margaret Grosvenor at her wedding with Prince Adolphus of Teck. These ladies will be the bride's step-sisters, the Ladies Mary and Helen Frances her nieces, Lady Beatrice Butler, daughter of the Marquis and Marchioness of Ormonde Lady Constance Grosvenor, daughter of Countess Gros- venor; the Hon. Lilah Cavendish, daughter of the bride's sister, Baroness Chesham; and Miss Millicent Grosvenor, daughter of Lord Henry Grosvenor. THE Board of Health of St. Louis ;i £ s provided an ambulance mounted on trucks, like hn ordinary trolley car, iiacd operated by the same means, for use over the various lines of the city. It is capable of great speed, ar.d at the same time conveys its unfortunate occu- pants much more smoothly and painlessly than they can be carried in an ordinary ambulance. A WHITE Italian marble statue, representing the Queen in State, has been erected outside the Victoria Law Courts at Demerara. SIR GEORGE MURRAY HUMPHRY, who has just made a generous gift to Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cam- bridge, is a Suffolk man by birth. However. though he was born at Sudbury and studied at St. Bartholo- mew's, Cambridge has been the scene of all his activities. For 20 years, in fact, he represented the University on the General Medical Council, and for many years he held the position, in connection with the University, of Professcr of Surgery. Sir George is a distinguished figure in the r scientific world. Of how many learned societies—not only in England but abroad—lie is a member it would be to sav. The initials alone would occupy many lines. When his knighthood came to him three years ago it was recognised that it had been bestowed on a diligent investigator, a dispassionate observer, and a painstaking scientist. If not among medicine's greatest men, he is among its most esteemed. Withal he is not unduly inflated. He always remembers that at 16 he was apprenticed to a Norwich surgeon, and had no great, expectations. AUTHORITIES claim that two-fifths of the land IA the United States is unfit for growing crops. THEY are a desperate gang, the Indiana robbers. At Bloomfield the other day three men blew in the door of a bank with dynamite, and succeeded in ob- taining possession of 5000dols„ with which they made off. A sheriffs posse with bloodhounds started in pursuit of the robbers, one of whom was overtaken and shot dead. THE Due d Orleans has contributed lOOOf. to the fuud to enable Dr. Roux to found an anti-diphtheria instii ute. THERE are 2726 policemen for the 1,600,000 people in Chicago, against 13,814 for the 5,001.1,000 people in London. THE new editor of the Fort-nightly Herinr is Mr. W. L. Courtney, M.A., LL.D., Fellow and late tutor of New College, Oxford. Mr. Courtney has other claims besides those of academic distinction to recom- mend him for the post, for during recent years h has done admirable service to the literature of criticism in the Daily Telegraph. He resigned his tutorship to join our contemporary, and has bad a free hand in the reviewing department. In addition to scholarly attainments and wide reading, Mr. Courtney brings to the work of criticism the gift of literary courtesy. He can be severe, but with kind- ness and his praises are written in no grudging spirit. He is the author of a valuable work on logic, pome excellent literary and historical essays, and a blank-verse drama on the subject of Christopher Marlowe. THE Queen-Regent of Spain makes a rule of never driving or walking in the company of the boy King save in the Royal grounds. She has been warned, so the story goes, that to appear in public with her son would very probably result in an attempted double assassination. TilE Rev. G. Knight Bruce has resigned the Bishopric of Mashonaland because of continued ill- health. He was in Mashonaland while the liata- bele warriors were slaughtering the servants of the British, even in the streets of Victoria; and through- out the crisis ending in the extinction of the Mata- bele power, he remained convinced of the necessity of the war. He came from South Africa a few month* ago, and went to Lustleigh, Devonshire, to reci-u it but he now feels unable to resume his charge. The climate does not suit him. Tim subscribers to the funds for a memorial to the late Dr. Rae, the Arctic explorer, have unanimously agreed that the memorial should take the form of a recumbent figure of the late Dr. Rae, to be placed in the same part of St. Magnus's Cathedral, Kirkwall. IT was recently announced at a meeting of the Roy til Astronomical Society that Professor Barnard, of the Lick Observatory, bad sent. a series of positives of his astronomical photographs as a present to the society. He sent altogether more than 60 glass posi- tives, chiefly of comets, but including few specimens of stars and eclipses. The most remarkable are those of Brook's comet, where the tail is in process of being shattered—as though by some cyclone of space. All these photographs will, at an early date, be published by the society. Professor Barnard undertook him- Belf the whole of the manual labour of taking the originals and copying them. COUNT HERMANN ZICIIY, a member of the noble Hungarian house of that n?.me, and a Deputy has written an open letter to his constituents from New York, in which he says he has emigrated to America for the purpose of entering upon a new life. His family, he says, have renounced him because he has adopted the Unitarian faith, in order to be able to marry t he mother of his children, the singer Mdlle. Baviere. THE Shah of Persia has lately paid Dr. Gulez- noffski, of Paris, some £ 5000 for attending his favourite son, Prince Sil El-Sulen, who was suffering from a complaint of the eyes. The doctor cured him entirely. Itvii'.KUT TYLER JONES, grandson of President Tyler and the first male infant born in the White House, has been found living in the direst poverty with his wife and infant in an attic on the outskirts of Washington. THE Senate of the University College of Wales have appointed Mr. Foster Watson, M.A., of London, Master of Method and Lecturer on Education out of 39 candidates. Mr. Watson graduated in 1881 at London University, and in the same year carried off the Shuttleworth Scholarship and Cobden Prize at Owens College, Manchester. He is at present Examiner to the College of Preceptors and theFroebel Union, and has been second master at Cowper-street Schools for some years. He is on the staff of the Academy and the Dictionary of National Bio- graphy," and is about to bring out a new volume on W riters on Education in England from 1500-1660." IT is stated than an ex-Prussian officer named Waethe, who is old and wealthy, intends to found a colony in California called Fructania. He goes farther than vegetarians, and desires his adherents to eat nothing but fruit and vegetables in the raw state, drink nothing but fresh water, and clothe themselves only so far as is necessary for decency, abolishing all hats and coats. He says that 12 German noblemen and a number of citizens have declared themselves ready to follow him. THE gunboat Monocacy, which the Americans, in a telegram from Washington, proudly describe as most, valuable for river work and protecting the residents on the Yangtse," is about the most obsolete man-of-war afloat.. She is an old iron vessel of an ancient appearance, and fitted with paddle engines. A few years ago a committee of American naval officei-s at Yokohama decided that she was really too old for further wcrk, and accordingly she was handed over to the ship-breakers. The dismantling had actually been accomplished, and some of her iron plates had been removed, when news came of the sudden loss of some American men-of-war at Samoa. At once the work of destruction was stopped, the old craft was tinkered and furbished up, and is now the pride of the Yankees in the Far East. THOSE who ought to know, say that the Queen has no sympathy with the New Woman" movement, and that her Majesty particularly objects to that article of the creed which allows a wife to disobey him who was once her liege lord. When she was married to the Prince Consort, the Archbishop of Canterbury suggested the omission of the word obey from the marriage ceremony. Her Majesty very prettily replied that she wished to be married as a woman, not as a Queen. ONLY 62 wolves have been killed in France during the last 12 years, mainly in the centre and the de- partments of the West, where they chiefly congre- gate. But more beavers have been killed than wolves, chiefly in the valley of the Lower Rhone, where they were not rare 50 years ago. The engineers say they destroy the dykes, and put a price on their heads. Is it professional jealousy, as the beavers are famous engineers themselves? THE Post Office makes E4000 a year by unclaimed money orders. Two Italian girls, in love with the same man, have fought a duel with knives, resulting in the death of both.
I THE AUTUMN BONFIRE. The professors are at their old task of iconoclasm, and scientific agriculturists (observes the Graphi;) are warning us that the autumn bonfire is doomed. It is useless to protest that later autumn, without the pungent, aromatic fragrance of burning leaves and weeds, would not be autumn at all, useleaa to hint that a certain Protestant festival connected with an early day in November might itself be imperilled if its older-probably Pagan-progenitor were dis- credited. The scientific farmer is not even to be deterred by the subtler apology that the ashes are a valuable manure. Humus and decaying vegetable matter, stubble, dead straw, dead roots, even twigs and fibre, are all most useful when dug into the soil, and allowed, aecording to Nature, to rot in the earth. The plough and the spado do but hurry a little. Nature eventually fert-ilises by taking back to herself the tree where it falls, and the twig and the leaf. Really deep ploughing, digging the surface deposit of decaying vegetable matter well into the soil, is what is recommended. Where the plough is not capable of going very deep, a grubber should first be run over the land or some other simple harrowing done so as to detach any roots and plants not yet dead from the soil that they are attached to. We fear that the scientific farmer has a good case. Perhaps autumn bonfires will linger as an Leathetic luxury, and the countryside be found holding its last picnics round some fragrant pile of peat and leaves and stubble, now crackling, when caught by tho wind, now smouldering lazily like the smoker's neglected pipe.
THE CROCODILE PITS OF MAABDEH. On the east side of the Nile, and at some little dis- tance from the river, are some of the most famous mummy pits of Ancient Egypt. They consist of large chambers hewn out of the solid rock by the hand of Nature, into which the ancient inhabitants of the Nile Valley have deposited the mortal remains of the sacred crocodiles. Each chamber is about from 30 to 40 feet wide, but only about three to four feet in height. On entering these pits we rire able to proceed in an upright posture for some considerable time, but finally are bound to go down on oui hands and knees if it is our intention to enter the chambers sacred to the holy dead. The sight that meets the eye of the ex- plorer as he looks around him, aided only by the dim light of his candle, is probably one of the most ghastly that can be imagined. On all sides are the remains of men, women, and children in various positions. r' t Some are lying ftt full length on their backs, while others are standing up against the wall as if to ask the intruder his reasons for disturbing their long rest. Legs and arms of mummies which have been torn to pieces by the Arabs in search of treasure scatter the floor on all sides. The main feature of the pits of Maabdeh is the enormous number of crocodiles with which the various chambers are filled. The animals are arranged head to tail and tail to head as closely as it is possible for them to be packed, and around these are their little ones, in almost countless numbers. How many crocodile mummies there really are in these pits is difficult to say, but considering that they are placed one upon the other, and taking also in to consideration that the worship of the crocodile-or Sut, as the Egyptians called it-was very ancient, it is probable that the number would run high in thousands. How far these pits extend is not known, but it is very certain that they go much farther back than can be pene- trated, and, moreover, the crocodiles could never have been brought in through the present entrance, as at times the passage is so narrow as to be almost im- passable. Whenever the true entrance to these tombs is found, we may justly expect to find treasurel of hieh antiauity and great value.
THE CHINO-JAPANESE WAR. VICEROY OF THB EHBELLIOCS PROVINCE SUMMONED TO PEKIN. Chang-tshi-toung, Viceroy of Hukwarg, has been summoned to Pekin in connection, it is presumed, with the rising in his provinces. He is travelling in- cognito, and is to have an audience of the Emperor immediately upon his arrival in the capital. A cablegram has been received by the State Depart- ment at Washington from the United States Minister to China, in which he states that it is untrue tha the lives of foreign residents in the Chinese ports are endangered by the populace. An Imperial proclama- tion has been issued directing the local rulers to pro- tect foreigners under severe penalties. CHINA SQUADRON REINFORCEMENTS. The British fleet in China waters is to be immedi- ately augmented by the dispatch from the Mediter- ranean of the Edgar, first-class cruiser, and the Spartan, second-class cruiser. These vessels (says the Central News) are two of the modern ships de- signed by Mr. W. H. White, C.B., and paid for under the Naval Defence Act of 1889. Sir Edmund Fremantle will therefore immediately have available, exclusive of the Gibraltar's armament, some hundred quick-firing guns, together with no fewer than 1500 additional men. The Times' special correspondent at Tientsin F-tre that the Peiyang squadron has been undocked, completely refitted, and ready for service. An Imperial edict has been issued at Pekin assum- ing full responsibility for the protection of foreign residents and denouncing rowdyism. The over- tures for peace having been rejected by Japan without a hearing, tlie war now enters on a chronic stage, which the Government are prepared, though reluctantly, to face but therr is danger of a revolution, which would be followed by prolonged anarchy. From Vienna it is reported that the idea of obtaining the co-operation of the great naval Powers for intervention between China .nd Japan will now probably be abandoned by its initiators. It has found little favour, and is thought to be, in any case, premature. Similar opinions art expressed in some Paris and St. Petersburg journals.
ASPHYXIATED IN A POLICE CELL. On Saturday night the village constable at Comrie, Perthshire, arrested three woodmen on a chargo of disorderly conduct, and lodged them in a cell at the local police-station. On Sunday morning all three were found in an insensible condition from the effects of inhaling gas escaping from a burner, which had not been properly turned off. Restoratives were applied, and two of the men soon recovered, but the third man was pronounced to be in a very critical state.
THE RAILWAY ACCIDENT IN KENT. The coroner's inquiry into the circumstances con- nected with the accident at Chartham, near Canter- bury, by which seven persons lost their lives, was opened on Monday evening by Mr. R. M. Mercer at the Railway Tavern, Chartham. Mrs. Jane Waters deposed that she was in the waggon containing the pickers on the morning in question. When near Chartham the waggon turned down the lane towards Horton Chapel Farm. Bertie Ward and James Draper ran on in front to open the gate at the level crossing. Bertie Ward opened the first gate. Both gates opened outwards from the railroad. They were going at a walking pace. When on the metals they stopped, because Finch, the driver, suddenly saw the train. He said, Oh there is a train coming." The collision happened immediately. The train seemed to be within a yard. She felt the col- lision, but did not become insensible. She got up and looked for her children. There was a very heavy fog, and it was possible to see only a very little dis- tance. The occupants of the waggon were chatting very quietly. They had not been singing. The waggon contained 21 people, and there was one horse. The second gate was not opened at all. James Draper, 13 years of age, said that at the turning from the main road leading down to the crossing he jumped out of the waggon and ran down to open the gate. Bertie Ward ran on ahead and opened the gate by the time the waggon was three parts down the lane. Witness thought he could just see the gates of the level crossing when he turned into the bye-road, a distance of about 200 yards. The waggon did not stop until it got in the middle of the line. The people in the waggon were talking, "but there was no singing. He did not see th" tr%tH^mtil it was right on toemt_.He not lien • aJ^i.d'he _b similar evidence. William Harrison, bailiff to Messrs. Corrie and Son, deposed that he was at Chartham railway station at 20 minutes to seven o'clock on the morning of the accident. The whistle-board was 520 yards from the crossing. Witness started home through the meadows. It was so thick he could not see the line. Witness heard the train pass through the station, and after- wards heard a whistle from the direction of the whistle-board. Hearing the crash and screaming, he hurried to the spot. Mr. Beard, the former tenant, had the gates of the level crossing set back. There was plenty of room for one horse and waggon to draw up by the side of the metals. Edward Sweetman, of Ramsgate, the driver of the train, said that he was in charge of the train in ques- tion. He left Ashford nearly two hours late but did not go faster than usual in consequence. His proper speed was 35 miles an hour. He was standing on the right side of the engine as he passed Chartham. It was very foggy and he could not see the crossing from the whistle-board. He saw a horse's head when about 30 yards from the crossing. He opened the whistle, applied the brake, shut off steam, and re- versed the engine. It was about a quarter of a mile before he could pull up. He had the vacuum brake on the train. In cross-examination, witness said it would take about half a minute to get from the whistle notice to the level crossing. Albert Moore, of Ramsgate, fireman on the train, corroborated the evidence of the previous witness, and added that they were two or three yards from the crossing when his mate rushed to the whistle and the brake. Witness never saw the waggon at all. Mr. F. A. Corrie, occupier of Horton Chapel Farm, deposed that he bad a right of way over the crossing for vehicles. During the daytime the gates wete con- trolled by a latchet. At night they were locked by witness's orders. The keys and padlock were supplied by the railway company. Witness had one key, Finch, the driver of the waggon, another, and a third was at the cottage close by. Finch had been in witness's employ three years, and used the crossing daily. Joseph Oliver, platelayer, called on behalf of the company, said that he had been 22 years on the line. He was at the level crossing at 6.40 on the morning in question, and had proceeded about 50 yards when he saw the train. He heard the engine whistle above Chartham, at the station, and at the whistle board. William Chambers, of Chartham, also said that he heard the whistle as stated by the previous witness. The coroner having summed up, the jury found that the deceased met their deaths in a waggon which was accidentally run into by a train on the South-Eastern Railway, and further that the driver and persons in charge of the train were entirely free from blame.
MRS. POTTER PALMER, Mrs. Charles Ile/i rotin, ana other influential women have succeeded in their cam- paign against Chicago's gambling establishments. All of the saloons are closed. Invention announces that experiments are to be made with electrio traction in Berlin. The accumu- lator system is the one to be tried, a charging station having just been completed and equipped. NEXT month will take place the marriage of Mdlle. Crispi with a young Sicilian nobleman, Prince Linguaglossa. M. Crispi loves his home and adores his daughter. For a democrat, he is rather partial to ceremony and luxury. He has the best cook in Rome, and he dresses with an elegance achci>6e. His tailor is happy if he does not have to alter a garment more than three times after it has been tried on. But his dandyism does not hinder him from being a hard worker. He is capable of remaining the whole day at his desk, working with remarkable lucidity and method. Siit SAVILB CROSSLEY has purchased from the Sal- vation Army at a cost of E3000, and presented to the Eastern Counties Asylum for Idiots, Colchester, the house known as Oceanfille, Clacton-on-Sea, for use as a seaside home for their patients. THERE is a great panic im Palermo on account of carbuncle disease among the cattle. The city is short of meat, the butchers refusing to kill for fear of not I selling the meat. In two days only 14 animals were butchered, just sufficient for the hospitals and troops.
TWENTY-THREE YEARS IN A PRISON. An old French Zouave, named Dumazel, who has just arrived at Marseilles, recounts a strange story of his imprisonment in a German military prison, where he has been immured since the campaign of 1870. While fighting at Orleans he was made prisoner by the Prussians, and was sent to Minister. Upon the armistice he was ordered to return to France. During his preparations, however, he was insulted by f. Uhlan officer, and, losing his temper, he threw him from the window of his cell into the courtyard beneath. For this he was condemned to a further term of 20 years' imprisonment. He underwent his sentence in Dantzig, and was only liberated last year. He was able to make his way to Paris and thence to Nice, which he lately left for Marseilles in search of work. Dumazel says that the treatment to which he was subjected in the prison nearly drove him mad.
THE NEW ARMY CLOTHING REGULATIONS. The new Army Clothing Regulations are being issued, and the new clothing system—the main features of which were set forth in an Army Order published last December-will now come into full operation, and the soldier will benefit to the amount of nearly £ 20,000 a year. The regulations have been I drawn up with the view of clearly enunciating general principles rather than of endeavouring to make specific provision for isolated and exceptional cases. The conditions of service in the British Army vary so continuously that complications and anomalies, in which now the soldier, now the public, stand to lose, are inevitable. But it is impossible to embrace rules for every possible exception in a well-ordered book of regulations, and the attempt to do so can only result in obscurity and confusion. The whole of the regulations of general application in time of peace occupy only 56 pages, as against 200 in the old book, and there should, consequently, be no longer cause for complaint that the clothing regulations are so diffuse and compli- cated that none but an expert with unlimited leisure can master them. The bulk of the volume is taken up with tables of scales of issues and subsidiary rules of a technical nature, which have been gathered together into appendices. The book closes with a War Section of some 40 pages, embracing all necessary clothing, regulations, and tables for mobilisation and service both at home and abroad. The arrangements for issuing and accounting for clothing appear sufficiently novel to call for special notice. The company officer will indent every month on the regimental store, which will be replenished from the central store at Pimlico quar- terly. The original requisition sent in by the com- pany will form the basis of the clothing account, and will, after the necessary regimental action has been taken, be forwarded to the Clothing Department for examination. It does not appear to have been thought advisable at present to reduce the period at which the regimental ledgers are audited, but the practically concurrent examination of com- pany issues should greatly facilitate the prompt detection and adjustment of errors. Experience of the working of the new clothing system will no doubt- suggest, modifications in the regulations, but having in view the great advantages conferred on the soldier by recent changes, it is to be hoped that all will co- operate to ensure the smooth and effective working of arrangements which appear to be fair alike both to the soldier and the public. The new system of inspec- tion of regimental clothing stores introduced by the Director of Clothing has also commenced, and will, it is expected, not only protect public property, but afford valuable assistance to commanding officers.
-w- PROPOSED LOCK AND WEIR AT PUTNEY. When poets of other centuries wrote of Thames that his silver flood was strong without rage, without o'erflowing, full," they little thought (says the Engineer) that a time would come when, so far from overflowering, the stream would dwindle to the likeness of the attenuated rivulets of type that run through the broad margins of editions de liuve. But a water supply for several millions of people was un- dreamed of in those days, and no one ever imagined that one-third of the stream would pass through insatiate intakes at Thames Ditton, for the benefit of London water consumers, leaving the Thames below that place a poor wraith of its former self, or, at all events, helping to bring about a condition of river bed which used only to occor after verydry seasons. Another and a newer grievance of the riverside parishes below Richmoitd io tha Richmond Lock and Weir, recently completed. It seems, according to the authorities of the several parishes of Isleworth, Brentford, Kew, Hammersmith, Mortlake, and Putney, that this new weir has rendered worse the already alarmingly inadequate flow of the river, and that navigation for steamers is becoming difficult. The remedy for this state of things is proposed in a. scheme now being prepared for a new lock and weir to be situated at or just below Putney. One of the worst points appears to be at Kew, just below the bridge, off Strand on the Green. Here the actual stream is reduced to a narrow gutter at low water, and steamboats, that formerly experienced no difficulty in proceeding as far as Kew-bridge or Richmond, have become hopelessly grounded until the flow of the tide comes to their assistance. Kew Evot can now be easily reached afoot, and even the deep and swift bend of the river opposite Brentford Creek, well known to boating men from the dangerous nature of the current at this point, is reduced to a shallowness that has never before been observed here. Certainly a lock and weir at Putney would greatly improve the appearance of the river, and would do away with the offensive mud banks that now appear at every low tide; but this would be a big undertaking, of considerably greater magni- tude than that below Richmond-itselfthe largest of its kind. The magnitude would not, however, of necessity be the stumbling block. It has to be shown that the improvement would not be accompanied by an objectionable or even harmful condition of the river below a new weir that it would not, in fact, merely hand down to the wharf-sided lower river below Putney the condition of things now existing above it, even with a year of plentiful rainfall. The extraction of water for the supply of the five millions of London people is possibly a sufficient explanation of most of the difference between now and half a century ago, but the difference imputed to the bridges and the embankment must not be over- looked.
picturesque ondge of Kehl, which makes a road across the Rhine by means of 44 boats moored side by side, will shortly disappear. A new stone bridge will replace it, and the work will begin almost immediately. Kehl was founded by Louis XIV. at the end of the seventeenth century. Beaumarchais lived there, and at Kehl he printed a superb edition of the works of Voltaire. The old bridge of boats was the only means of communication between Kehl and Strasburg until 1861, when the railway bridge was completed. THE King of Corea is suffering from a serious throat disease that would yield to treatment readily enough, it is said, but, as he is regarded as a divine being, no metal instrument mav be used upon him. THERE has existed for the last eight years a Rail- way School at Buda-Pesth. Instruction is given in railway construction, working, telegraphing, and traffic as far as concerns rates and fares. There are also courses in railway geography, history, and law, railway accounts and bookkeeping, and a knowledge of substances, taw and manufactured, which railway- men use. The school is open every day between three and eight p.m., for the benefit of railway servants. AN English committee of sportsmen and naturalists is taking in hand the protection of South African mammals—the giraffe, zebra, eland, gnu, koodoo, and other antelopes—against their threatened extinction. A suggested method of accomplishing this is to secure an enclosed pirk of about 100,000 acres. PROFESSOR MAX MULLER must have been filled with pride the other day when a statue to the memory of his father was unveiled in his nauve town of Dessau, on the 100th anniversary of his birth. His father, Wilhelm Muller, was a great master of many tongues in his day, and his great-grandfather by the mother's side was the celebrated pedagogue, Von Basedow. Now that the Customs authorities have got the Armada treasure-chest from Port Glasgow in their hands, they find it a white elephant. It has been discovered that the chest is not by any means unique —probably a dozen others taken from the ships of the Armada having been found in various parts of J the country. Several of these still lie at the Custom Houses of the older Devonshire ports.