NOTES ON NEWS. There was never any doubt that the Govern- ment would carry their Budget through the House of Commons by large BATTLE majorities, even though it is OF THE being freely stated that many BUDGET. of the wealthier members of the Ministerial party are not at all in love with several of the proposals of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Apparently the spirit of party loyalty was strong enough to prevent their voting against the second reading, for the division list shows that none of the Liberal members voted in the No" Lobby. Of course the Labour members voted to a man in favour of the Budget, and equally of course the Nationalists voted to a man against it. The second reading was carried by a majority of one hundred and fifty-seven, which, counting Labour members with the Government, and Nationalists with the Opposition, is very little below the normal majority. Though the second reading is passed, however, the fight on the Budget is by no means finished. Land and liquor taxes, death duties and super-tax still arouse strong feeling and determined opposi- tion, and even when the Finance Bill Anally leaves the Commons, as it will doubtless do, substantially unchanged, there remains the question of how the Lords will deal with it. There are abundant signs that the majority in the Upper House would like to give it short Shrift, and they will certainly attempt to alter it considerably. Until that happy day comes when we are all united together under one mutual vine and fig tree, we have to recognise that POLICE some nation has got to be OF THE responsible for the pacific OCEAN. control of the ocean. Who shall it be P The foregoing is a passage from a speech of the First Lord of the Admiralty the other night, and his auditors immediately supplied the answer—" England." Mr. McKenna went on to say that no other nation had the same right as we to the duty of poii jirap; the sea. Our mission must be one of peace," he sail, mul nobody will be disin- clined to agree with him. It has frequently been said that we should regard our great ex- penditure upon naval armaments as an insurance premium for the protection of our commerce and the Empire. In the present state of things this is a simple statement of fact. We are the greatest traders in the world, and our ships laden with merchandise are on every sea. While the right of capture of unoffending trading ships in war time has the sanction of the Powers, we have no choice but to maintain a great Navy—the greatest Navy, in fact. We may hope with all our hearts that that happy day of the mutual vine and fig-tree will come at last, but in the meantime there can be no rest nor time for dreaming. People who are constantly talking about the good old times" may be recommended to study the remarkable statistics THE recently published in a Blue GOOD OLD Book relating to the public TIMES." health and social conditions in this country during the last half-century. They will then probably be constrained to admit that if the old times were good these times are a good deal better. The book might justly be entitled "Fifty Years of Social Progress," for there is scarcely a page in it which does not show a decided advance upon the condition of things fifty years ago. People live longer, their environment is healthier, they live in better houses, earn more money, are better educated, and commit fewer crimes. In nothing is the progress more marked than in the improvement which has taken place in the public health. Better methods of sanitation, improved water supply, the pulling down of disease-breeding rookeries, the measures taken to prevent overcrowding, the isolation of patients suffering from infectious diseases, have been the principal causes of reducing the death- rate from 22 to 15 per 1,000 during the last thirty years. Life nowadays is in many ways harder and more strenuous than it used to be, but it is certainly cleaner, sweeter, and more wholesome. So much fuss was made over the ludicrous airship scare a few weeks ago that there was some excuse for the German THE people thinking that the BETTER greater number of the people WAY. in these isles had suddenly t&ken leave of their senses, and were lying in their beds, unable to sleep, and shivering in abject terror of bombs being dropped upon the roofs of their houses from the skies. The noise, however, was made by a very few people, as noises have been before, and the vast majority remained sane and undisturbed. Some few people's nerves are perhaps still in a rather "jumpy" condition, but it will be a lung time before they venture to say anything about airships again. The scare, however, like that which has been manufactured out of the story that this country is overrun with German spies, has its significance. It is always, it seems, Germany which is the spectre behind all these things. Germany is the sinister enemy who keeps British patriots awake o' nights. Now, whatever may be the actual state of affair3 between the two countries, now or in the future, nothing will be gained bv getting excited about it. The better way is for the people of both countries to get to know one another, and they will find that, deep down in their hearts, the desire to live in peace and goodwill is very real and strong. Excellent progress towards this end has been made in the past year or two by the visits which have been exchanged between representative bodies, and not the least important of these is the visit to Germany now being paid by the party representing the chief religious denominations of this country. In a speech the other day Mr. Balfour said that our weather is of so monotonously bad a description that it is never OUR worth recording in any news- WOMJEKFUL paper. Now, whatever may WEATHER be said of our weather, it is not monotonous. It is often bad, and frequently worse than that, but it has always the considerable charm of variety. One never knows what it is going to do next. One day the almanack and the sunshine may delude lis into the belief that the hot weather has come at last, and we put on our lightest clothing and prepare to enjoy ourselves. The next day there is no sunshine, and rain and cold winds send us back several months in the calendar. April and May were delightful months, and created records for themselves in the matter of sunshine. Flaming June," however, has been more like chill October. Decidedly there is nothing monotonous about English weather. Just now the southern districts are getting all the clouds and rain, while the people in the north are having more than the average amount of sunshine. The temperature, however, is every- I where low, and it may be noted by those who take an interest in such things that it is warmer in Iceland than in England.
At Bolton County-court, Mrs. Sarah Hannah Bowers, wife of a Tyklesley pawnbroker, was awarded a verdict for £ 38 against the London and North-Western Railway Company for in- juries sustained by falling off the platform at Daubhill Station. Plaintiff claimed that the accident was due to the inadequate lighting of j the station, the gas having been turned down very low.
BACK FROM THE POLE. LIEUT. SHACKLETON'S RETURN. After nearly two years' absence from Eng- land, Lieut. Shackleton landed at Dover on Saturday afternoon. His expedition to the Antarctic « resulted in the placing of the British flag at a point ninety-seven geo- graphical miles from the South Pole. Lieut. Shackleton told an interviewer that he was satisfied with the work the expedition had been able to accomplish. He regretted that they did not reach the actual Pole, but after all at the last it was simply a question of death or food. Had it not been for a dearth of provisions they would have achieved the object they had in view. Some of the experiences of the journey could never be effaced from his memory. One was on the southern trip when food supply was finished. They were over thirty miles distant from tur depot, which was practi- cally unattainable, for the soft snow covered treacherous crevasses, and as they stumbled along in their search for food they seemed to get no nearer to their longed-for goal. The situation was desperate. Two of the party, utterly worn out and exhausted, fell in har- ness, but with the greatest pluck again pushed on as soon as they had temporarily recovered. It was with a feeling of devout thankfulness that they crossed the last crevasse and secured some food. Beyond a little tea they had nothing for thirty-four hours, and previously to that their last meal consisted merely of one panni- kin of half-cooked pony maize—not much foundation for work under such conditions and with an extremely low temperature. Under these conditions they marched sixteen miles in twenty-two hours. On another occasion during the same journey they were all struck down with dysentery, at a distance of ninety miles from our depot. Though the weather was fine, they were all too weak to move; but Provi- dence came to their rescue, and strong southerly blizzards helped them along. "Over and over again," said Mr. Shackleton, "there were times when no mortal leadership could have availed us." LONDON'S WELCOME. There were scenes of extraordinary enthu- siasm at Charing-cross on Monday afternoon wHan Lieutenant Shackleton arrived from Dover, returning to London after his two years' absence. For an hour before his arrival the station and the streets near were crammed with people. When the train steamed in at ten minutes past five the crush was terrific. Amongst those on the platform were pro- minent men in the scientific world. Repre- senting the Royal Geographical Society were Major Leonard Darwin (the President), Sir Duncan Johnston, Colonel Close, Dr. J. Scott Keltie, and Fellows and members of the Council. There were also an interesting little group, consisting of Dr. Shackleton, the hero's father, who had brought a little boy and girl to welcome their "daddy." Mrs. Shackleton had accompanied her husband from Dover. As scon as the explorer stepped on the platform he was overwhelmed with congratu- lations, and the station rang with cheers and cries of "Bravo, Shackleton!" It was with difficulty that the way could be cleared to the carriage which stood in waiting to take the party to Connaught-square, where Mr. Shackleton has taken a house. Other members of the expedition who ar- rived with their leader came in for a share of the welcome.
COACHING MARATHON. The great coaching Marathon race from Hampton Court to Olympia on Monday afternoon may be regarded as the "star turn" of the Horse Show, in London. The crowd at the starting post Bushey Park gates. Hampton Court—was so large that the start had to be delayed. At the last moment three of the coaches were scratched, and this left 21 coaches in the race. Each coach was bound to carry seven persons, in- eluding coachman and guard, but most of them carried more. The distance of the race was about III miles, and the maximum time allowed for the journey was 75 minutes, but one of the condi- tions was that no time would be credited for time saved, as the appearance of the horses at Olympia would be an essential factor, ^t Hammersmith Bridge Mr. Vanderbilt led way, with Miss Ella Ross immediately following, and retaining his lead the Ameri- can millionaire was the first to enter the) ring at Olympia, and he received" a~ tieintrti- dous ovation. Judge Moore was second, and Mr. Mills, driving Miss Ross's team, third. Mr. Eykyn was fourth, Mr. T. A. Cook fifth, and Mr. Martinez de Hoz sixth. Mr. Vander- bilt's second coach came next, and then, after a long interval, Mr. Francis, Mr. Horton, Miss Brocklebank (the only lady whip), Mr. Harvey, Sir William Lancaster, and others drove up in quick succession. The placings were :—Challenge Cup, Mr. A. G. Vanderbilt; second prize, Mr. Mar- tinez de Hoz, Buenos Ayres; third prize, Mr. George Chapman, Lewes, Sussex; fourth prize, Mr. T. A. Cook, Elsworthy-road, London, N.
IRISH SLANDER CASE. After lasting nine days the Irish slander trial at Dublin came to an end on Monday night at nine o'clock, when the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff, the Hon. Alexis Roche, against Sir Timothy O'Brien, with £5 damages. The action arose out of a remark made by Sir Timothy O'Brien at a meet of the Dun- haliow hounds in March, 1908, the words complained of being, "You are a liar, a thief, and a swindler. You live by swindling, and to my knowledge have lived by swindling for twenty years." The claim was for £ 3,000 damages. Sir Timothy, in defence, pleaded justifica- tion and put forward eight specific charges of alleged fraud in connection, with horse dealing. Tlje' trial was begun last year, but aban- doned owing to an attempt by Sir Timothy O'Brien to hold communication with a juror. For this contempt of Court he was fined. Mr. Justice Kenny, in summing up on Monday, said the main issue in the case was whether the words uttered by the defendant I were true in substance and in fact. The de- fendant's charges must not rest on suspicion, but must be proved as clearly as if Mr. Roche stood in the dock for a criminal offence.
MOTOK-'BUS MISHAP. Ten persons were injured in a motor-omnibus accident at Aldershot on Sunday. There were thirty-six passengers on the 'bus, and as it was travelling along the Queen's-avenue late in the afternoon, at about eight miles an hour, the steering gear suddenly went wrong, the rod breaking, the vehicle got out of the control of the driver. Though the driver showed great pluck and presence of mind in cutting his engines off at once and applying the brakes, before the vehicle could be got under control again it rax from side to side of the road, and finally crashed into a large telegraph post beside the road. The collision smashed in part of the omnibus, and sent nearly every passenger flying off the top into the road. Nearly all were either badly cut or bruised, but those inside escaped with a severe shaking except Mr. Hounson, who had I risen to his feet and was thrown bodily through the front of the car, his injuries being so severe that he has been detained in the Cambridge Hospital, where most of the other injured were removed before being sent to their homes in 1 cabs.
DAIRY COMPANY HEAVILY FINED A fine of < £ 100, with twenty guineas costs, was inflicted upon the North-Eastern Dairy Company, Limited, by Mr. d'Eyncourt, at North London, for selling milk which contained six per cent. of water in addition to that normally present in milk. The summons was issued by the Islington Borough Council. A witness who had been in the employ of the company and their predecessors for twenty-five years, stated that acting on written instructions from the manager of the branch, he put from four to six quarts of separated milk into each of the other churns containing pure milk. Certificates of four previous convictions were produced, and it was also stated that the com- pany had been fined < £ 50 at Thames Police-court in March last. Mr. deyncourt said that the amount of adul- teration-six per cent.—was very small, but the case was about as bad as a case could possibly be. The worst feature was the way in which the case had been presented to the Court. In the first place, a warranty had been pleaded, and the servants of the company had been put for- ward to swear that the milk had not been tam- pered with in any way. Everything seemed quite in order, and the summons might have been dismissed, the blame falling on the farmer, but an adjournment was obtained, and then the company's servants admitted that they had committed perjury, and that they had been in the habit of mixing separated milk with the farmers' pure milk. The whole system was fraudulent and disgraceful.
MOTOR-CAR IN RIVER. An exciting experience befell a Liverpool cotton merchant, Mr. Frank Maynard Walker, and his wife late on Saturday night after spend- ing the day in a motor-car trip through Cheshire with Mr. James L. Brown, of Liverpool, who owned the car and also drove it. Arriving at Woodside Ferry, Birkenhead, about eleven o'clock the car was run on to the ferry passenger boat for conveyance across the Mersey, the occupants of the car retaining their seats in the vehicle. On reaching the Liver- pool side Mr. Brown started the machinery of the car for the purpose of leaving the boat, but finding that the vehicle refused to go forward he jumped from his seat to ascertain the cause, and while he was so engaged the car ran back- wards down the sloping side of the boat and dropped into the river, carrying with it Mr. and Mrs. Walker. Police-constable White dived into the river and had almost reached Mr. and Mrs. Walker, when Henry Johnston, a man in the Wallasey ferry bcnat Daffodil, held out a manhook, to which Mr. Walker clung with one hand, sup- porting his wife with the other arm. Mean- while small boats had been lowered, and Mr. and Mrs. Walker were helped out of the water tincl taken ashore little the worse for qn ex- citing adventure.
FIVE SHILLING GOLD 1IV ATOHES. Some amusing sidelights were thrown upon the street auctioneer and his methods at the London Sessions during the prosecution of John Lyons, an auctioneer, on a charge of obtaining small sums of money by false pretences. Mr. Bodkin, prosecuting, said the accused had a barrow in the Kentish Town district, and de- scribed himself as the salaried servant of "The London Bank Stock Exchange," who had prac- tically sent him out to give articles away. When questioned by the police as to an auctioneer's licence, he replied, "What do you think I have that for except to get money from the mugs?" Mrs. Matilda Stedwell said that she pur- chased what was described as a "lady's gold watch for 5s. She also bought a key to wind it, but on reaching home found she had "nothing to wind." Several other witnesses re- lated similar experiences. A pawnbroker said the watches were made of brass, and could not be wound up. They were, worth 3s. retail. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and Mr. Wallace, K.C., bound the prisoner over, re- marking that the object of the prosecution had been attained in checking this system of fraud on the poor public.
LADY'S FUR COAT. A verdict in favour of the plaintiff, with damages assessed at .£50, was returned in the "Fur Coat" case, before Mr. Justice Channell and a special jury. It was an actioli by Mrs. Cecilia Henrietta Augusta Singer (wife of Mr. Paris Singer), of Sloane-street, S.W., and Paignton, Devon, to recover damages from Messrs. Duncan and Co., of New Bond-street, for alleged breach of contract in the manufac- ture and delivery of a sable fur coat for which she paid X300. Mrs. Singer's case was that she selected twenty skins which she subsequently arranged to have worked into a coat, and that the defendants' contract to do this was not carried out. The defence was that no breach of contract had been committed, and that the plaintiff had suffered no damage. Mr. Justice Channel entered judgment according to the jury's verdict, with costs.
SAVED BY WIRELESS: Wireless telegraphy played a prominent part in the saving of the passengers and crew of the Cunard liner Slavonia, which is to-day a total wreck off Flores Island, Azores. The wireless feat in connection with the sinking of the Re- public was equalled if not excelled. The liner Prinzess Irene was 180 miles away when the distress signal "CQD" was received. Imme- diately the Prinzess Irene's operator flashed an answer, and learned the location of the Sla- vonia. The Prinzess Irene went at full speed to the rescue, and the whole of the passengers in the Slavonia were taken aboard the Prinzess Irene and saved.
f KAISER AND BRITISH CLERICS. The repreeentatives of British churches who are on a tour in Germany visited Pots- dam on Monday. They were received by the Burgomaster and entertained to lunch by the Municipality. v The party subsequently visited the New Palace. After having been shown over the building, they were received by his Majesty in the Marble Hall, in the presence of the Empress and a distinguished company. The Emperor spoke as follows "Gentlemen,—It gives me real pleasure to receive you to-day as representatives of the English Christian churches, and I sincerely hope that all of you are enjoying your visit to Germany. You have come to return the visit paid last year by representatives of the German Christian churches in England. I have had an opportunity of speaking with a number of German clergymen, and I am happy to be able to tell you that they were most satisfied with their visit, and could not iay enough in praise of the great hospitality and true Christian brotherly love they were received with in your country. I am sure you will find our people not less hospitable, and I hope that you will be pleased with your visit amongst us to the end. I trust that this visit, like that of last year, will tend to promote good feeling between the two great kindred nations. Gentlemen, I am very glad to have had the pleasure of receiving you."
THREE OXFORD TRAGEDIES. The Oxford city coroner held three in- quests on Monday on men whose bodies had been recovered from the river. The first inquiry was into the death of Frederick Charles Philliph fifty, corndealer's i porter. Deceased had been missing since j June 3. Mr. Spicer, corndealer, said deceased had worked for him for eight years, and he had found him honest and faithful in his work until recently. About ten days ago he sent for him to account for certain transactions, but he would not attend. The jury returned a verdict of "Found drowned." The second inquest was on Edward George Innes, 30, builder's labourer, who had suffered from delusions. On Saturday he went out, his father and another man follow- ing him, and tried to prevent him going near the river. He broke away, however, and jumped into the water. Deceased's father made a gallant attempt to rescue him. A verdict of "Suicide whilst of unsound mind" was returned. In the case of George Oliver, Miller, thirty- four, a compositor, of London, who had of late been employed at the-University Press, it was stated that he was "the finest com- positor who ever put a* hand to the stlclc," but was worried at not being able to earn I enough money to meet his needs. A verdict of "Suicide whilst of unsound mind" was re- turned.
HIGH PRICES FOR CHIPPENDALE. The collection of Chippendale of Mr. N. P. Dean, of Bridgefoort House, Iver, Bucks, was offered at Christie's on Monday. The gem of the collection was a mahogany settee beautifully carved, and up- holstered in old English embroidery. A bid of £ 525 was first offered, and. after spirited competi- tion, the piece was finally sold for £ 2,047 10s. Four hundred and eighty-three pounds was paid for a clock, measuring nearly 9ft. in height, while two massive cabinets Yielded a sum of £ 2.257 10s. A mahogany cupboard fetched £420, and a large bookcase £ 399. Among other costly pieces were six mahogany chairs, which fetched £ 367 10s., two tables £ 577 10s., and; a pair of armchairs £ 157 10s. Seventy-four'iterns realised a total of £ 10,12513s. 6d.
In connection with the forthcoming royal visit to Birmingham arrangements are being made for 60,000 school children to see the King and Queen. A choir of 4,000 children to be stationed on the route of the procession will sing patriotic songs. Sir Joseph Ward, the Prime Minister of New Zealand, has 'been presented with a 'costly illu- minated album containing the signatures of 5,000 citizens who endorse his action in making the offer of a Dreadnought to Great Britain. Formerly chaplain to the United States Senate, and a leading Unitarian clergyman, the Rev. E. E. Hale has died at Boston. A dog belonging to a farmer near Bishops Stortford travelled two miles across country every morning to fetch his master's newspaper, which is thrown to him* from a train by the guard. At a meeting of the Yarmouth Corporation it was reported that the past year's trading in connection with the municipal pier, gardens, and pavilion had resulted in a deficiency of £809. M. Pokleffsky Koziell, who has been ap- pointed Russian Minister in Teheran, says that the AngIo-Busaian agreement remains in full, force, and that Russian policy in Persia will go hand in hand with that of Great Britain
NEWS IN BRIEF. Tragedies and Disasters. John Hanson, the parish sexton of Clifton Campville, South Staffordshire, fell from a. ladder and his body came in contact with a hay-cutting knife, which penetrated his lungs and caused immediate death. Mrs. Fox, wife of Mr. Harry Fox, journa- list, was found drowned on Swansea sands on Saturday morning. Deceased had been suffering from a poisoned limb. In a bedroom at a house in Dean-street, Brighton, on Sunday night the head waiter of a Brighton hotel was found dead with a terrible injury to the head and a revolver lying by his side. While the Brighton express from Victoria6 was passing Reedham Bridge, near Purley, on Sunday, it struck a man, who was in- stantly killed. While sculling on the river at Barnes on Saturday Mr. Smith, secretary of Twicken- ham Skiff Club, had a fit, and falling into the river was drowned. Sergeant William Clark, aged thirty-two, of the 4th Dragoon Guards, was found shot 5 dead at the Queen's Arms Hotel, Artillery- 1 place, Woolwich, on Saturday. A signalman named Richards, on board the Seven Stones Lightship, between Land's End and Scillys fell from the bridge to the deck of the vessel, and was killed instantly. The body was landed at Penzance on Satur* day evening. While Mr. Philip Tliorne, a builder and contractor, was leaving St. Mary's Church, Willesden, after attending the wedding of a friend, he dropped dead. t, A postman's wife at Ascot left the house to assist her child who had hurt itself in the road, and when she returned she found that her younger child had accidentally drowned itself. 5 A collision has occurred in the North Sea between the Bristol steamer Humber and the German steamer Modena. The latter sank and two of her crew were lost. Accidents. John Cropper, of Liverpool, who had al- ready saved fifty lives, rescued a girl from drowning in the Leeds and Liverpool Canal on Saturday. On Saturday George Marriott, aged three, was run over by a motor-car at Isleworth and seriously injured. At a fire on Sunday morning in Clarendon- road, Somers Town, a man named John Walton and his son were severely burned and taken to the local hospital. At a fire at the Rose of Denmark beer- house, Camden-grove North, Peckham, Mr. and Mrs. Peters saved themselves by sliding in their night clothes down a zinc chimney shaft to the roof of an adjoining house, from which they were rescued by the fire brigade. A porter named Pewsey fell down the lift well at Westminster Palace Hotel from the fifth floor, and was seriously injured. < Coney Berry, a beautiful Thames-side resi- dence near Goring, has been destroyed by fire. After a boiler explosion had occurred on hoard the trawler Lobelia off the Mumbles, an engineer named Moloney dashed through the steam and saved his son, both being badly scalded. A somewhat alarming accident occurred in the Haymarket, when a portion of the ceil- ing at the Waterloo Hotel suddenly col- lapsed. Fortunately no serious damage was done. Told in the Courts. r Sentence of 18 months' imprisonment Was passed at Lancaster Assizes on Saturday upon William Parkinson for making bogus charity collections. I t It was held by the Reigate magistrates that Henry Jordan, who had shot at a dog in order to prevent it trespassing on his grounds, had acted within his rights. A verdict of Suicide during temporary in- saiiity was returned at the inquest at Greenwich on Henry Thomas Hollington, 45, "landlord of the Princess of Wales public- house, Grove-street, Deptford, who poisoned himself with gas. A verdict of "Wilful murder" was re- turned at Preston Capes against a man named Stratford, who is alleged to have cut the throat of his eleven-year-old son. The World of Sport ( For the second year in succession the bal- loon race for the cup given by Mrs. Asshe- ton-Harbord, to have started from Hurling- ham on Saturday, had to be abandoned owing to the weather. A salmon of 47Mb. has been caught in a coracle net at Cilgerran, on the River Teih, Pembrokeshire. The fisli measured 4ft. 2in. in length and 2ft. 2in. in girth. The tail was 1ft. 2in. wide. Miss M. Duncan has retained her title in the final round of the Welsh ladies' golf championship-by beating Mrs. Ellis Griffiths by 4 and 3. Music and the Drama 'nm"' Dr. Cummin gs, principal of the Guildhall School of Music, in an address on Haydn at the rooms of the Incorporated Society of Musicians, Hanover-square, London, on Saturday night, said that some time ago ha visited a second-hand music seller's in St. Martin's-lane and purchased a Haydn manu- script for 2s. 6d. The manuscript was rescued out of a sack of what the music seller described as rubbish. Five thousand juvenile singers, certificated in sight singing, filled the Handel orchestra at the Crystal Palace, London, on Saturday afternoon on the occasion of the fifty-second annual festival of the Tonic Sol-fa Associa- tion. Mr. Herbert Trench's programme for the opening season of the Repertory Theatre has been arranged. In addition to "King Lear," which is to be his Shakesperean production. he will produce new plays by Rudolf Besier, St. John Hankin, and Gilbert Cannen, and revive Max Beerbohm's "The Happy Hypo- crite," and "The Cat and the Cherub," by Chester Fernald. Aldwych Theatre will be re-opened on Monday, June 21, by Nerigne, the celebrated Greek actress, in an entertainment which will include many novelties. There was an exciting scene at the Sydney Theatre Royal, when an enthusiastic patriot, seeing Brown in "An Englishman's Home," about to be shot for defending his house, tried to climb over the stage to rescue him. The man shouted out that he was a guards- man and would not allow an Englishman to be shot by a "furrinor." He got amongst the orchestra, but was collared and hauied back to the stalls. Military and Nava! Alexander Baron, aged 77, who as a pri- vate in the Madras, Fusiliers, took part in Havejock's relief of Lucknow, was buried on Saturday at Blackburn. The Board of Trade have restored to Mr. Day, second officer of the Mahratta, his cer- tificate, which was suspended by the court of inquiry held at Liverpool into the steamer's loss. Lieutenant Harbottle, who was injured in the Portsmouth submarine explosion, has been admitted to Haslar Naval Hospital. It was stated at the annual meeting of the Army and Navy Pensioners' and Time Ex- pired Men's Employment Society that in 1908 the men newly registered numbered 1,086, and that 721 permanent and 2,629 tem- porary places were obtained-a total of 3,350, as compared with 3,034 in 107. Many active and retired naval and mili- tary officers have applied for the post of Chief of the London Fire Brigade, which was unexpectedly rendered va.cant by the re- signation of Capt. Hamilton. The aspirants for the position number 120.
WORKHOUSE INMATES' TOBACCO. When Mr. Lloyd George advanced the duty on tobacco by Sd. per lb. the Greenwich Board of Guardians decided that the weekly allow- ance to the old men in the house should be cut down from half to a third of an ounce. The matter came up for discussion again at a recent meeting of the Board, and it was moved that the weekly allowance of half an ounce should be continued. Mr. Selfe, in supporting the motion, de- scribed the action of the Board as a petty piece of meanness. It had been universally con- demned. ■ Miss Airy I think it a shame that people like ourselves should be taxed for luxuries like, tobacco for the aged inmates. In the end the motion was carried by eleven votes to four.
"BEDLAM LET LOOSE." Twenty-three persons, more than half of whom were adults, including one woman, were summoned before Sir T. Marchant Williams at Merthyr Police-court for various acts of wilful damage at the newly-opened Cyfartlifa Castle- park, chiefly on Sunday, May 30. The Town Clerk pointed out that the Castle grounds were only just opened at a cost of £ 20,000, but on the date mentioned the place became a veritable bear-garden. He likened it to "Bedlam let loose," and said that the people acted "like fiends incarnate." In a batch of cases of damage by seven adults fines of 40s. were imposed. Six more were fined IDs. and costs, and about ten juveniles were each fined 20s. and costs.
The father of Mr. Benjamin Bloomfiold, of Reading, fought under Nelson. He himself was a Volunteer for 20 years, and six of his sons have served in the Army. While the Atlantic Fleet was steaming past Folkestone the local Boy Scouts signalled a message from the mayor to Admiral Prince Louis of Battenberg and recorded the reply.
DRESS OF THE DAY. A CHARMING LINEN GOWN. Never in my recollection has there been sueD. a pronounced vogue for linen gowns as in this present summer of 1909. These gowns vary in elaboration from a plain morning affair with severe tailor-built waist and neat four-piece skirt, to a really smart and dressy afternoon toilette beautified with embroi- dery, soutache, and Valenciennes lace and insertion. The pretty little frock pictured in our sketch strikes the happy medium be- tween these extremes. It is carried out in linen of good quality and fairly heavy weave, in a charming tone of Parma violet, perhaps the most popular shade for washing frocks this year. The corsage is both original in design and very becoming to the wearer. In front it is cut out in a deep oblong almost to the waist, the edges of the opening beinc finished with a stitched strap of the material*. Beneath this strap comes another of some- what similar shape, but shorter; this second Mor/ISH DRESS OF PARMA-VIOLET LINEN. I strap projects from beneath the first at the sides and crosses the lawn vest a couple of inche, above the first, the vest showing again belov it. This vest is carried out m the finest and most cobwebby of lawn, and is arranged in a succession of wee and fascinat- ing box-pleats. Above it comes a tiny guimpe of very fine tucked net. The sleeves are cuite new in style and exceedingly quaint and pretty, suggesting the toilettes of mid- Victorian times. The upper sleeve, which ia of tiree-quarter length, is carried out in the linen, fits quite closely to the arm to just belov the elbow, where it widens out into the merest suspicion of a bell-shape. The bottom of this sleeve is cut out a little both at the front and back of the arm, and is orna- mented by two stitched straps of the mate- rial, each caught down by a linen-covered button. From beneath these oversleeves come dainty little full undersleeves of the net, which are set into closely-fitting, tucked cuffs. The waist-band is quite a feature of i the costume, being very wide and arranged in three parallel straps, each of which ia finished by a line of machine-stitching round the edges and finished with a button and buttonhole on the left side. The skirt, is I simple but pretty, the front width being cut in the shape of a very broad panel and the edges of the skirt, which are shaped out a little towards the foot, being overlaid and machined from waist to hem..Three large; buttons are placed in the shaped out piece at each side, each button being finished with a practicable buttonhole. ) DAINTY WASHING GARMENTS. Many women are firmly convinced that the making of washing dressing gowns, petti- coats, and similar cotton garments is not worth the trouble involved. They: think that they can purchase pretty, ready-made gar- ments for practically the same price as they could make them, and that it is folly to spend precious time upon their manufacture. But this idea is a great mistake. In no shop with which I am acquainted can one buy either a cotton dressing gown or petticoat for any- thing like the same sum that one could make the garment at home. There can, moreover, be no comparison between the home-made mp rl article and the bought, as far as the sewing is concerned. In the ready-made garment, if it A SIMPLE AND PEETTY DRESSING GOWN. be of the really cheap variety, you will find raw edges, wretchedly-made button holes, buttons sewn on with a couple of stitches, and the very commonest of trimming and material. Charmingly pretty cotton mate- rials can now be bought at such an absurdly low price that the material for a whole dress- ing gown may be purchased for less than three shillings. Then, too, there is such a vast choice of lovely cotton fabrics that one can make a very much prettier garment than can be bought at any price. In our sketch is shown a simple and pretty dressing gown suitable for summer wear. This dainty gown is cut in Empire style, and has a little bodice plain over the shoulders and gathered at the short waist-line." This bodice crosses in front, the Tieck being left open in V-shape for the sake of coolness. From the neck turns back a simple collar of fine, white lawn which is headed by a band of Valenciennes insertion, arranged in short tucks which are released to form a frill at the edge, the frill itself being finished with a narrow Valenciennes lace. A swathed waist- belt of very soft satin ribbon is folded round the figure, knotted on the left side, and allowed to hang in two long ends. The skirt of this dressing gown is fairly full, being gathered all round the short waist line and allowed to fall in soft folds to the feet. This pattern is in four sizes-32, 36, 40 and 44 inches bust measure. For the 36-inch size it will take 7! yards of 36-inch material.
ELECTRICAL EXPLOSION. A disastrous explosion, due to a break down in the electrical system of the corpora- tion, took place in Manchester at half-past two on Monday morning. Windows wer< blown out in hundreds, offices were dis. I mantled, wreckage was hurled through shop windows fifty yards distant, and great blocks of solid concrete were torn up and strewn in all directions. The electrical disturbance; too, was such that the newspaper offices in the vicinity were greatly inconvenienced ic the preparation of the morning papers. The explosion took place near the St. Mary's-gate entrance to the Victoria-arcade, and at the entrance to the Arcade was a hole six yards deep, fourteen yards long, and five yards wide. The electricity main was just underneath. Such was the havoc that had the explosion happened in the daytime there might have been considerable loss of life, as this is in the hehrt of the busiest part of the city. Fortunately not a single person was injured.
LONELY COTTAGE TRAGEDY. It was discovered that a thatched cottage in a secluded spot near Stewartstown, Co. Tyrone, was on fire early on Sunday morning. The police set to work to rescue the occupants, an old man named William Holt and Margaret Holt, his sister- in-law, both old-age pensioners. In a short time the body of the woman was dis- covered, and on the left side of the top of her skull, there was a ilound three and three-quarter inches long, which had apparently been caused by some sharp instrument. The head was wrapped in four pieces of muslin. After some hours the old man's body was found, so charred that it was almost unrecognisable.. The circumstances of the tragedy point to murder, and the police have discovered in a glen a den in which, from its appearance, it is conjec- tured the murderer hid and feasted on eggs and fowl stolen from the house of the old couple.
BARONESS'S JEWELS. Lady Burton, while travelling from Eustoui to Lichfield on a visit to the Dowager Lady Burton on Saturday, missed her jewel case, and found later that she had been robbed of jewellry to the value of £ 500.! The case, which was left in the corridor of the train, was ultimately -discoverd by the rail- way officials at Manchester, but only toilet requisites and a large pearl valued at over X106 were found to have been returned. < It was evident that the case had been tam- pered with before it reached Manchester, for six rings valued at .2500--and one of which was a wedding gift-were missisng.