Fapmeps! I GIVE LESS CAKES AND MORE Molassine Meal Which costs pounds per ton less money and gives FAR BETTER RESULTS. IT IS AN INVALUABLE FOOD FOR HORSES, CATTLE, SHEEP & PIGS. -J MOLASSINE DOG AND PUPPY CAKES Hound, Terrier & Puppy Foods. Are suitable for all kinds of Dcga and Puppies. They aid digestion, keep Dogs' skins and coats in fine condition, eradicate internal worms and parasites, and prevent the Dogs smelling. Sold by Corn Merchants, Orocert and ^fcThe Molassins Company, Ltd., Greenwich.^
PRACTICAL FARMING BY A TENANT FARMER. HARD-WORKED BREEDING SOWS. The pig-rearing tow is one of the hardest worked of all farm animals in rearing her young. Horses and cows as a rule have oniy one youngster to rear. and sheep rarely more than two, but the sow as a rule have only one youngster to rear, and sheep rarely more than two, but the sow as a rule has to bring up ten, twelve, fifteen, or indeed more, some- times. The trials and difficulties of doing this must be apparent bv comparison oh whichever point it is looked at, and no wonder the sow generally falls into such low condition before her family can be set agoing on their own. Few have my sympathy with the sow under such conditions. The main anxiety is to get the pigs up in the beet order, but the process is all very weakening for the constitution of the sow and many a one is ruined for a success- ful breeding career by it. It is extraordinary how k'een the desire is to secure large litters of pigs, while moderate numbers are the best and most profit- able. Many are puzzled as to why their sows should have a fine large litter the first or second time of asking.and then suddenly refusing to furnish more than half a litter, but if the hard way the sow was used with the previous litter is considered, it will be readily understood why she is weakly and deficient. I do not advise going in for small litters as a remedy. That would be unpopular, but I would argue in favour of being more generous in feeding sows. They are often banqueted when the pigs are two or three weeks old, and are more or less starved as the pig attains age and size. This is shown by the sows becoming mere bags of bones, a state much against the suckling of the pigs previous to weaning, and there is much call for reformation here. The pigs ought to be encouraged to eat at the eariest possible age. This is a surprising easement for the sow. Do not restrict their usual suckling, but the hand-feeding reduces their ravenous disposition and gives the sow a contentment on which she thrives. Do not follow that stupid course of giving all to the pigs and letting the sow go short, but decide from the first on keeping her up io enndition and stick to this itll the pigs are weaned. Sows must be fed carefully when the pigs are from one day to three weeks old. or a little more. It is milk-producing and not fattening foods that are required then. These are light meals such as sharps, bran and middlings, but as soon as ever the pigs begin to eat or drink apart from sucking, give the sows condition maintaining foods in plenty and with no stingy hand. If this is observed generously there will be a fitness main- tained in the breeding sows that will give satisfac- tion in every point. WINTER MANURING FOR MANGOLDS. Very few indeed put the manure in their mangold ground in the winter time. The soil is often rigged up in preparation before mid-winter, but the dung is hardly ever put in till immediately before seed- sowing time, and this is generally accepted as being correct, but according to experiments conducted at the College of Agriculture, Holes Chapel, winter dunging is by far and away the best mode for man- gold cropping. This is shown in a return which reads thus:—Manure appliod in December 22.1 tons per acre, and manure applied in April 17.7 tons per acre. THE LIMIT TO BASIC SLAG SOWING. To-day I have received two letters asking if basic slag may still be sown with advantage, and I am almost undecided whether to say yes or no. My in- clination is towards the latter, but I am partial to stretching a point as far as" I can to let all benefit as far as possible. I have said before very emphatically that November and December were the two most appropriate months in the whole year to apply basic slag. Long experience has fully convinced me of this and once January is reached its adaptabilities for sowing are lessened every daw and mid-January is the very latest. I can possibly advise its use on pastures. It wil be found that the November sown will make the greatest im pression and produce a full crop in 1911 that put on now will only induce a three-quarters yield and not act fully till 1912. There Appears to be many who think it makes no differences as to when it is put on, but proof to the contrary will be met with later. AGE AND WEIGHT OF PRIZE FAT CATTLE. I have seen many Birmingham Fat Stock Shows, but none containing better classes of stock than at the late exhibition. All classes were extremely well fill.ed with typical specimens, and both prize and non- prize-winners are to be congratulated on theirs plen- did efforts to maintain the excellent character of this fine old show. The ages and weights of the leading winners are subjecss all seek information on, and the following figures will be read with intrest :— bex. Breed Age. cwt. qrs. lbs. Yrs. Mths. Steer—Hereford 2 10 16 2 9 2 7 16 3 0 1 9 14 0 0 1 11 13 215 1 11 11 3 0 Heifer—Hereford 2 10 15 313 1 11 13 010 Steer—Shorthorn 2 10 17 1 5 2 i; 16 1 0 1 10 13 016 1 10 11 210 1 8 10 1]0 Heifer—Shorthorn 2 10 16 0 2 2 6 15' 1 1 2 9 15 3 5 Steer—Devon 2 10 17 0 3 1 11 10 317 Heifer—Devon 2 5 14 219 Steer Scotch 2 11 15 127 1 11 13 2 13 Heifer—Scotch 2 11 14 1 23 2 10 16 0 18 Steer—Galloway 2 10 16 0 18 Steer—Highland 3 11 16 0 0 Steer-Welsh 2 11 16 0 6 1 11 16 0 5 Heifer-Webh 2 11 16 127 Steer-Cros 2 11 17 224 2 10 18 115 1 11 12 2 23 Heifer—Cross 2 9 14 1 2 1 10 12 2 2 MILK BY WEIGHT AND MEASURE. In keeping milk records the most exacting way is to weigh and all fractions can then be included, and they count up too, where the cows are numerous. In recording by measure froth is apt to play too big a part. In few instances however is milk sold by weight. Half-pints, pints. quarts, and gallons are the almost exclusively called for ouantities in retail while Imperial gallons and 'barn" gallons are the wholesale measures. The former is 8 pints, the latter 17 pints. WRONG TIME TO APPLY KAINIT. Kainit is a cheap and efficient manure for many crops. It bears a great resemblance to salt, but is well stocked with potash. This is its leading merit. It is a manure that is quickly taken un as food and it also dissolves and rims off raph*y. Those who are thinking of u>ing it now. and I know some are, should change their intentions and keep it in the dry under cover till March when every particle of its properties would be utilised to advantage. COWS TO CALF IN AUTUMN. Buvers of cows will tell you that they are never cheap. Prices keep well up all the year round, and while beef. mutton and pork may be up and down in values both dead and alive low cow markets are rarely met with. Personally I have gone north and south-east and west to buy cows and experiences were all the same everywhere, none going under their value and very many apparently much above it. Bargain-hunting in cowbuying is a profitless game. Every year makes the markets more hard. I do not grumble because some must benefit by it and none more than the farmers who breed and rear. There are many of these so situated that they cannot well go in for the milk trade and they deserve the profits out of cows which others make out of dairy farming. Of late cow values have never gone down, but there are times when they go up and the demand is most keen in October and November. Everybody wants additional cows then to start the winter milk season with. Few have sufficient home supplies and they are searched for far and wide and great prices offered. Many cows put JE5 a head on then and more are asked for. It is not a question of heating down but getting hold of them. I would have all there- fore striving for autumn calvers. The stamp that sell best and one never refused are those that calf in the latter half of September or the forepart of October, and December bulling should be gone in for to the utmost. If old cows are available give them another turn. Heifers too may be included plentifully and serve all the best cows that are ready too. They will make prices on calving that will place their profit making beyond doubt. Those who bull a lot of cheap stuff now and keep them on till next autumn will double their funds. I know of more than one who does this. Readers requiring advice or information by post must address their communications to Farmer, c/o The Editor, and in all cases enclose stamped directed envelope.
MARKETS CATTLE. CARMARTHEN, Wed., Dec. 7.-Thc monthly market held here to-day was fairly well attended. Fat cattle went at from E15 10s to JB21 each, cows and calves about JB15 to JE20, yearling heifers Elo 10s. There were a few ewes, which were also sold. Messrs. Lloyd and Thomas disposed by auction of about twenty head of cattle at prices ranging as above. 0 NEWPORT, Wed., Dec. 7.— Prime quality stock continued to command a steady sale here to-day at full prices, but buyers were rather indifferent with regard to inferior cattle. Sheep and lambs were rather scarce, but cattle were plentiful, with an average number of calves and pigs. Quotations:- Best beef 62d to 7d per lb, seconds 6^d to 6d, best 4 Irish cattle 6gd to 63d, seconds 6d to 6!d, cows 4N to 5id, best wether mutton 7d to 8d, ewe ditto 6d 2 to 6id, lamb 8gd, calves 7d to 9d pigs—porkers 12s 3d 2 to 12s 9d, and baconers 10s 6d to 10s 9d per score. GRAIN. NEWPORT, Wed., Dec. 7.—A moderate trade was done on 'Change here to-day. Barley was active, at about 6d. advance on last week. Maize: A steady trade and 3d dearer. Oats, flour and offal in moderate demand at full prices. Very little local wheat on offer with prices unchanged. CHEESE. NEWPORT. Wed., Dec. 7.—The supply continues to be limited, with the result that to-day's good at- tendance quickly brought about a clearance at full prices. Quotations: -Caerpli iliv, 58s to 65s per cwt., fancy dairies 66s to 68s, Derbys 66s to 68s, Cheddars 56s to 63s, and truckles 68s to 70s. BUTTER, CORK, Dec. 9.—Firsts 97s, seconds 89s, thirds 84s, superfine 100s, fine 92s choicest boxes 88s, fresh butter from 99s to 88s per cwt. PROVISIONS. LLANDILO, Sat., Dec. 10.-The market was rather small, both the supply and the demand being much below the average. Quotations:—Fresh butter Is ld and Is 2d per lb, tub ditto Is ld per lb, eggs 7 for Is. Welsh cheese 6d per lb. cream and Caerphilly 8gd per lb. Poultry: Dressed turkeys lljd per Ih, alive 8s 6d and 9s each, trussed geese 10;d per lb. alive 7s each. live ducks 3s and 3s 3d each, trussed lid per lb, trussed fowls 10d and lid per lb, alive 2 4s 6d and 5s per couple. Flannel: White Is, shirting Is Id, coloured serge Is 4d, apron flannel Is 9d per yard, skirt lengths 5s each, large shawls 12s 6d each, turnovers 2s 6d, blankets 21s per pair, coloured ditto 8s 6d each costume flannel 2s 6d per yard, ready- made blouses 4s 6d, shirts 5s 6d each. Wool: White and grey in and out the grease 2s 2d per lb, black Welsh 2s 8d. best black 3s and 3s 3d per lb. CARMARTHEN. Sat.. Dec. 10th.—Butter, cask 13cI per lb, fresh 14d to 15d, dressed p. ultr,fow'ls 2 3s 6d to 6s per couple, ducks 3s to 4s each: geese 5s 9d to 8s each, turkeys lOd per lb, eggs 8s for Is, cheese 37s 6d per cwt.
My leg had been bad for many years, and almost unbearable, until I used "GOMER'S BALM; which immediately eased my pain and very soon cum pletely cured me." GOMER'S BALM CURES EVERYBODY. IT IS A SALVE FOR EVERY WOUND witt MARVELLOUS PROPERTIES for CURING ALI KINDS OF Skin Rash, Sores, Eczema, Burns. Scalds, Erysipelas, Gout, JBxcoria- tions, Bad Legs, Scabby Heads, and Gallings in Women and Children, Piles, Irritations, Chapped Hands, Scurvy Ring- worm, Chilblains, Sprains, Bruises, Stiff Joints, Rheumatism, oore Bunions, Corns, Gout. A GREAT SENSATION. READ WHAT PEOPLE SAY. Prayed for Death. For the last four years I have suffered dieadful pain from an Ulcerated Sore Leg, became a confirmed inva. lid, often prayed for death to put an end to my sufferings. Been a patient of both Infirmary and Hospital co0u purpose. tried your "Gomer'a Balm," the result I has been wonderful. It eased my pain at once, and in a little time oured me. Now aa well as ever.—M MC.ASH, Dean Lane, Bristol. I state of I Distressing I Head, &c. My Head, Ears, Neck and Eyes were in a sad state, severe breakings out forming a putrid scab, almost distracted with the pain for months. I used your wonderful Gomer's Balm' (game time took your "HUGHES'S BLOOD PILLS." In a surprising short time I got well and oontiauao BO.—MARY HUGHES, Prendergast, H. Weet. Marvellous Efficacy. I Situated near the works as I am, I have had numerous occa- sions to use your Gomer's Balm." I have used it for CUTS, BRUISES, BURNS, SCALDS, GATHER INGS, PILES, and not in a single instance have I found it to fail to do its work a at is factory. It should be kept in every home.—JANE WILLIAMS, Gor wydd Cottage, Waunarlwydd. TRY IT—CURE IS CERTAIN Ask for "GOMER'S BALM," and see that the name is full on each box, also the name JACOB HUGHES. without which none is genuine. Sold bj Chemists and Patent Medicine Dealers at ls. lid., or send value in stamps or P.O. to maker -A discoverer, JAGOB HUCHES, M. P. S., L. D. S., Manufacturing Chemist, Penarth, Cardiff
CARMARTHEN COUNTY SATURDAY, December 10th, before Mr. D. W. Drummond (chairman); Mr. D. L. Jones, Derllwyn; Mr. J. Ll. Thomas, Gilfach; Mr. H. Jones-Davies, Glyneiddan; Mr. David John, St. Clears, and the Rev. A. Fuler Mills. DRUNK. William Evans, tinworker, Kidwelly, was brought up on a charge of being drunk in the parish of Llangunnock on the 3rd inst.—P.C. Jones stated that he had seen him drunk, and the defendant, who pleaded guilty, was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. THEFT OF A BICYCLE. Griffith Jones, carpenter, Railway-terrace, Tumble, was accused of having stolen a bicycle left outside a shop. Edwin Davies, a lad of 13, living at Drefach, Llan- arthney, gave evidence to the effect that on the 30th of November he had been sent by Robert Pelland on a message to Thomas Workman's shop, Porthy- rhyd. He left the bicycle outside the shop, and on coming out found that it was gone. He immediately went and told Yelland. John Roderick, Caegwyn, Drefach, said that at 5 p.m. on the 30th ult. he saw the defendant leaning on a bicycle. He was then going from Porthyrhyd to Tumble. Robert Yelland, collier, Maesycoed. Drefach, said that he had sent the boy, Edwin Davies, on his bi- cycle to Workman's shop. He came back about six p.m. without the bicycle. Upon this witness gave in- formation to the polce. He accompanied P.C. Jen- kins to the defendant's house and found the bicycle there. P.C. Gwilym Jenkins said that he had gone on the 30th with Robert Yelland to the defendant's house and found the bicycle there. He then charged the defendant, who was in bed at the time. Defendant pleaded guilty, and urged in extension of his offence that he was drunk at the time and did not know what he was doing. The Bench decided that the defendant should be bound over for J310 to be on good behaviour for six calendar months. WOUNDED BY A BEER MUG. Charles Leggett, Old Toll House, Porthyrhyd, was charged with having wounded Thomas Davies, collier, at the Mansel Arms, Llanarthney. Thomas Davies said that at 8 p.m. on the 27th ult. he called at the Mansel Arms, Llanarthney, for a pint of beer. While he was drinking this by the fire, the defendant was walking back and fore. He was continually approaching the defendant, who waved him back. He had a pint in his hand. Sud- denly the witness received the beer mug in his face, cutting him severely. He had not seen the defen- dant throw it, but he was certain that he had done so. P.C. Jenkins said that when he charged the de- fendant he said, "If I did strike him, it was an accident." Defendant, on being sworn, stated that he was standing near the complainant, with the beer mug in his hand. While joking with the latter, the pint dropped from his hand into the complainant's face. Dr. M. Lloyd. Drefach, Llanarthney, said that on the 26th November he went to Danyrallt House and saw the complainant, who was suffering from a severe wound on his loft temple. William Stephens, who had seen the incident, was unable to appear as a witness. There was some discussion as to whether the case should not be adjourned for a week, but finally it was wecided to reduce the charge to one of common assault. The Bench considered this charge proved, and the defendant was fined £2, inclusive of costs.
CARMARTHEN" BOROUGH RING STOLEN FROM DYING MOTHER. THURSDAY, Doc 8th, before Mr T. E. Brigstocke (in the chair) and Mr. H. Blagdon-Richards, Isaac Richards, labourer, was charged with the theft of a ring, the property of his mother, and a purse con- taining 4s. 5d., the property of Miss Jane Harries. Miss Jane Harries, 50. Little Water-street, stated that she was now occupied in nursing the defendant's mother, who lives in St. David's-yard. The prisoner came to his mother's house on Tuesday evening and passed the night there. Noticing that the ring was loose on the finger of the old lady and in danger of slipping off, she took it off and placed it in her purso. Upon this the defendant jumped out ot bed, and taking hold of her hand, took away both purse and ring. Tho. Pa'mer, jeweller, Guildhall-square, gave evi- dence to the effect that the defendant had visited him on ednesday, and had attempted to sell the ring. 48 he (witness) would not give him as much as he wanted for it, he said he would take it to another place. He was in drink at the time. P.C. David Jones stated that from information re- ceived he arrested the defendant as he was coming out of the jeweller's shop. When he charged the defendant, the latter said, "My mother handed me the purse, and told me to take charge of it." Defendant—I came with vou quietly, didn't I?" Constable—"Well, you had to." defendant, giving evidence on oath, said that he had called to see his mother on Tuesday night. She had come into money some time ago, and he could not understand how she was penniless now. He suspected foul play somewhere. He saw the wit- ness, Jane Harries, put her hand under the pillow and take out a handkerchief. She took some money from the handkerchief, and afterwards took the ring off his mother's hand, substituting a common copper one for it. He then took the ring from her and tried to sell it in order to buy his mother food. There was only bread and butter in the house. Mr. Brunei White-"Y ou had some money with you, why did you not use that to buy food for your dying mother?" The prisoner said he had done his share bv his mother, and he did not think that he ought to spend his last shilling on her. The Bench described the offence as a very mean theft, and sentenced him to six month's hard labour. MONDAY, December 12th, before the Mayor, Mr. W. Thomas (chairman), Mr. Blagdon-Richards, Mr. John Lewis, and Mr. James Davies. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. John Evans, butcher's labourer, Tabernacle-row, was accused of being drunk and disorderly in Taber- nacle-row on Sunday evening last. P.C. Lodwick proved the case, and the defendant was fined 2s 6d and costs. DRIVING WITHOUT A LIGHT. Charels Dawkins, ostler, was charged bv P.C. Dan Davies with driving a horse and trap without a light through Guildhall-square at 9.50 p.m. on the 2nd of December. The defendant pleaded that the light had gone out.—The Bench decided to dis- miss the case.
AMMANFORD BREACH OF CONTRACT CASES. SATURDAY, Dec. Aid. W. N. Jon^?, DvfFryn (in the chair): Mr. W. Llewellyn, Fair- water; and Mr. Evan Evans. INEBRIATES. David Rees, near Gwys Station, was fined 2s. 6d. and costs for being drunk on the 3rd inst. Warrants were issued against Thomas White, Cwmtwrch, and John Davies, Cwmllynfell, for not appearing when charged with a similar offence. DISORDERLIES. Ivor Jones, Stepney-road, Garnant, made his third appearance before the court this year on a charge of being drunk and disorderly.—He was fined 15s, and costs. For similar offences, avid Howells, Wern Cot- tage, Hopkinstown, was fined 2s 6d ind cosis: Dd. Harries, Brynglas, Brynamman, 5s. and costs; and Wm. Miles, Bettws, 5s. and costs. For being disorderly and refusing to quit licensed premises, John Rees, Springfield-terrace, Garnant, was fined 5s. and costs; whilst Joseph Thomas, Bettws, had to pay 2s. 6d. and costs. CATTLE ON HIGHWAY. Henry Pugh, Wernos, charged with the above offence, was fined Is. and costs. NO LIGHT. P.C. Williams charged Griffith J. Madge, Gar- nant, with driving a motor-car without having a light to illuminate the identification plate at. '.1.e rear of his moor-car.—The police-constable proved the case, and the Bench let defendant off on pay- ment of costs. LARCENY. Robert Anthony, Villiers-road, Ammanford, was charged with stealing a quantity of wood, value Is. 6d., the property of Messrs. Buckley, Llanelly, on the 19th ult. from Pantvffynnon Farm. Mr. H. Buckley Roderick, Llanelly, prosecuted. P.C. Williams gave evidence, and defendant, who pleaded guilty, was fined 2s. 6d. and costs. CRUELTY TO CHILDREN. Inspector T. I. Jones, KS.P.C.C., charged Wm. Jones Stepney-road, Garnant, with unlawfully and wilfully neglecting his five children in a manner likely to cause the children unnecessary suffering. Dèfeadllt-What have they suffered? The Clerk-I don't know, I'm sure, you know better than I do. You plead "Not guilty?" Defendant—I plead that I have been "bad enough on drink. If you give me a chance I will be better. The Chairlllan- Ý uu are not summoned for drink, but for neglecting your children. Mr. H. Buckley Roderick, Llanelly, who prose- cuted, said he would like, before stating the facts, to make a suggestion. Defendant and his wife had had a kind of a reconciliation, and he had promised to do betterHe would make the respectful sugges- tion that their worships, if after hearing the evi- dence they thought advisable, would take advantage of the Probation of Offenders Act, 1907, and bind defendant over either in his own recognizances or with sureties to be of good behaviour for a,period of three years. Dealing with the facts of the case, Mr. Roderick said that the specific nature of the neglect of his children was that he did not provide them with sufficient food. He was almost an habi- tual drunkard; he was so addicted to drink that the amount which he had allowed his wife during the last six years averaged 5s. a week. Defendant—That is the biggest lie that was ever said in a court of law. The Chairman—You will have an opportunity of rebutting that presently. Mr. Roderick—That is not equal to the amount of the rent of the house, which is 25s a month. So far as defendant is concerned the children would have starved. They have suffered a little from the neglect, but they have not suffered very much be- cause of the assistance and help they had received from the eldest son, who was earning 18s. a week, and also from married daughters who had assisted them. However, that did not exonerate defendant in any way. Defendant, in his drunken condition, was not infrequently rather violent and frightened the children, and his wife would also say that he had thrown a paraffin lamp at her. In order to obtain money he had pawned his clothes. practicilly any aiticies he could lav hi hands upon. He had ai-o taken the children's gramoplnue records from door to door endeavouring to sell t) cm to raise money for drink. He had also sold a plAir of trousers and shirts. The Clerk—That is neglectl-ig himself. Defer da lit.—They could not cat gramophone re- cords, could they Alici Jones (wife) corroborated her solicitor's statements, and added that the children could not be sent to scliool owing to their having no proper clothes. Defendant den:ed that he gave his wife only 5s. a wekk. That was an untruth. The Chairman (addressing defendant) said that for for the sake of his wife and children they had taken a lenient view of the case. He wouid have to pay costs, but they would give him time to do so. He would also be placed under the supervision of the Probation Officer of the court for twelve months, who would iook after him to see that he behaved himself properly. His wife and children ought to have been nearer to him than anybody else, but he treated them worse. They hoped that would be a lesson to him to do all he possibly could to bring up his children respectably. He was granted a month to pay. Neither the Inspector nor the advocate asked for costs. BREACH OF CONTRACT. The Dynevor Tinplate Co., Pantyffynnon, claimed £ 15 damages against Wm. Jones, Benjamin Whit- field, and Ernest Hollow, for breach of contract. The case of the Company against Whitfield was taken first. Mr. Thomas, cashier and book-keeper, said de- fendant was heater and behinder in the company's employ, working on piece-work, and under 28 days' notice given on cither side. On the 7th of Novem- ber he did not turn up to work on the 10 o'clock shift at night, and sent no reason to explain his absence. Also on the following Tuesday and Wed- nesday he was absent, the corisequeuce being that the Company suffered a loss of JS5, the three men turning out 300 boxes, which would mean to the company J615. Defendant—When ever had we 300 boxes a week in that works —It was not for a week; we could not get the mill going for a fortnight. Defendant said that on Monday night they lost the train coming from Swansea, where they re- sided. On Tuesday and Wednesday he was ill and unfit for work. Didn't Mr. Dunn inquire what was the matter with me?—He might have. Defendant—Did I not toil him that I could not come, and on Wednesday he came again, and I again told him that I could not come, and he then told us to go and drown ourselves, that they did not want us any more?—No answer. Didn't I come down and see Mr. Richards on the Friday?—I did not see you. There you are; it is the wrong man that is against m. He does not know about that. Mr. Dunn knows these things. The Clerk asked witness what were the company's rules on the point. Witness said the rules were printed on the back of the workmen's pay-tickets, and that affecting illness being that no pica of il!ness would be allowed unless due notice be given at the office two hours or more before the commencing time. In addition to which a certificate had to be produced at the work the foliowing day stating that the person was unable to work owing to illness. Defendant admitted that he did not give a certifi- cate, but gave notice four hours before commencing time on Tuesday and Wednesday nights. On Mon- day night, of course, they lost the train. The Chairman-Was it the fault of the Company that you lost the train?—No, sir. Witness, further questioned by defendant, said the mill was working partly on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The Chairman (to defendant)— You say that you d:d keep the mill idle on Monday night?—Yes. The Bench found judgment for plaintiffs, and fixed the damages at J32. The damages caused by Ernest Hollow and Wm. Jones were also fixed at the same amount.
ANOTHER CLAIM FOR DAMAGES. Wm. Jenkins, contractor to the :'ew Ystradowen Colliery Company, claimed damages amounting to 14s. 6d. each against James Martin and nine others, in respect of a breach of contract. Mr. Trevor Hunter, solicitor, Neath and Port Talbot, prosecuted, whilst Mr. G. Clark Williams (instructed by Mr. Randall, jun.) defended. Mr. Hunter, in opening, sa.d the contractor em- ployed men at the Ystradwone Co.liery in driving certain drifts. The action was brought by him against certain of his men for absenting themselves from work without notice, thereby breaking their contract. The notice which the men had to give or which the employer had to give to terminate en- gagements was £ 4 hous' notice. On the 15t ult., four of the men absented themselves from work, and on the 16th six men also summoned did not come to work, the consequence being that for a period of 24 hours the work of driv.ng those drifts was absolutely stopped. The only work that could be done was that of keeping the water down. They were claiming against the ten, men the sum of 14s. 6d. each for breach of contract. W in. Jenkins said lie was at present carrying out a contract with the Ystradowen Colliery Co. for the driving of csriain drifts. Defendant James Martin was in his employ subject to 24 hours' not.ee. There had been a certain deduction made in the pay given on the 11th uJt., and on the following Mon- day James Martin and two others saw him in re- gard to it. He told them to let the money stand over until the following pay, but if any of them needed money he would give them a sovereign.. After tlii t assurance the chairman of the com- mittee, Ivor Williams, said they could go back to work then. The manager heard the conversation. The first defendant, James Martin, did not go to work on the Tuesday night. As a result of that, and nine other men absenting themselves the work of driving the drifts was stopped for 24 hours. The loss sustained by himself owing to that amounted to £ 7 5s., which apportioned among the ten came to 14s. 6d. each. Cross-examined:—Mr. Clarke Williams-What are the terms of your contract with the colliery com- pany?—I drive the drift on. How are you paid?—By the day. How muchPAt the rate of sinking. What profit do you make?—That's nothing to you. Yes, it has a lot to do with me?—No. You are claiming damages?—I don't claim a penny for my loss, only for the company's loss. Have you been put to any loss over this business? -Yes. How?—No drivage made there. How has that done any loss to you?—I made 5s. a yard profit, and we could drive two yards in 24 hours. Further crossexamined, witness said he was only claiming for the damage to the company coming against himself. He admitted that of the 18 men he employed on Friday, November 11th, no less than nine of the men were short in their pay. David J. Tones was 3s. 4d. short, Ted Austin 8s., Tom Freeman 13s. 4d., James Martin 12s., Fred Cheshire 3s., and James Cueyd 6s. The money that was given to them was less than the money shown on the paytickets. in some cases. Among the ten men there were five second hands, and he denied that there was anything wrong in their pay-tickets. He had agreed the previous Thursday to give them 6s. 8d, instead of 6s., a day from that shift, and the pay-ticket was made out accordingly. However, the following week he ultimately agreed to give them the increase for the whole fortnight. In regard to these deductions he was seen on Monday morning by Ivor Williams, James Martin, and Tom Macuw. 1
<>PPORTUNITIES FOR EMIGRANTS. MEW SOUTH WALES.—Urgently required—Farmers, Farm Workers and Female Domestic Servants. Reduced fares to Sydney from £ 6. Work VU guaranteed. Agent-Genera], 123 and 125, Cannon Street, E.C. VICTORIA.—Good openings for Farmers, Agricultural Labourers and Domestic*. Full particulars, apply Agent-General for Victoria, Melbourne Place, Strand, W.C. /wt H QUEENSLAND.—Agriculturists. Passage £$. Deposit £ 50. (Wife and family W H free.^ ^ree- Pleuty of work for willing workers. Apply, Agent-General,H ■ SOUTH AUSTRALIA.—Agriculturists with Capital. Farm Labourers and WESTERN AUSTRALIA,-— Urgently required. — Farmers, Farm | Labourers, Domestic Servants. Passages from £ 1. Detailed J ^T"ASMANIA.—For those seeking a home in temperate climate I The^lgh^jtornmtosloner for the Commonwealth frf^l Hi — 'U
THE VINOLIA COMPANY. LIMITED.. Soap Manufacturers to His late Majesty King Edward VII., have received the honour of a Royal Warrant of Appointment as Soap Manufacturers to His Majesty King George V.
LLANGAIN EISTEDDFOD.-At the eisteddfod held at Llangain 011 the first of this month the Rev. Evan Jones, B A., presided in the chair. The adjudicators were:. Music Mr. D. N. Jones, Carmarthen; literature, Thomas, Johnstown. The accompanist was- Miss Gwyn, Pias Cwrthir, while Mr. D. Evans Djffryn, and Mr. D. Jones, Dolau Meinion, per- formed the duties of treasurer and secretary, respectively. After votes of thanks had been pro- Eiin° Mman and to the adjudicators, the- followina enjoyable programme was gone through- -Recitation tor children und-r 10 years Gogerddan 1, Miss Jenny Bowen, CwrtmaUe 2 S Maggie May Evans, Penvrheol Cottage, Johns'- Recitation for children under 15 years Tdot rrf ,1 9 rtyJawd": Sarah Fronlas' Talog-road; 2, Gomer Nicholas, Parcyspots. Solo for boys under 15, "Paid a'm gadael i" • 1, Gwiiym t "Ar"f 7D' SoI° for ffIrIs under 15 years, Arjwydd clywaf swn cawodydd': 1, Phoebe Wil- Iiams, pjasgwyn, Llanstephan i 2, Maggie May P Johnstown. Soprano solo, "Chwyfio'r Cadach Gwyn 1 Miss Maggie Jones, DolaumeL- A Evan n o0r chiIdren under ,15: 1, S Best prize bag: 1, Miss Annie Williams, Wernddu; 2 (given by Miss Gwyn, PI as Miss Annie T -Lvieaeiwvr 1, divided between Mr Tom Da aS' p"ory"street ,Carmarthen, and Mr lorn Da\ ies, Glanyrafon Duett "V Jc ,f" Mbr- '• >-4 Tor -d Mr. fXr- J- Williams, Llangain Mills PenJii; ■>" Niwl Prize divided between Mr T T -fI 1 r Pilmawr, Whi'tland and ATr n 1? Thomas, En^lvn "Y FvJl > /n- Evans' Dyffrvn. Bri ynlf inh for^ JC-wfli D Roberts0, CwmcigSan.^Tan^unnof and^M ^R. Si rNiw"aTin FT-ch3= cho-; *'dwlJojz,?rvocn°ra;izp L,"u-h i "d ,to Johnstown Choir, conducted bv Mr Davies, Glanyrafon. Ladies' Choir '-r n °? 1, Johnstown Ladies' Choit J' i 6,yn C-vmrU Davies, Packet and nr> co.nductor, Mr. Joseph marthen. Chief ChorTr"1^' Br°ad> Car" Canaan': Prize divi7 li; Pef,tT'?n' ."Awn conductor, Mr T M T w Llangain Choir, Johnstown Choir co^du^eTf and- Packet House COnducted by Mr. Joseph Davies,.
LLANGENDEIRNE DISTRICT NUBSE.—Oi Tuesdav week a meeting was Sj day. CTeB"'S m last ness of enC-iL tho the desirable- the Strict" Th. Vir,7^L Ba.'ra;necl '1,,r*e for was in the chair Mr. v> 1 X-' ^ewis Davies) Mrs. Gwynne-Hui'hes rliestri' and in,r Ttir>Tr 1 a 'e&eyb, addressed the meet- ing. Thev spoke in .such a convinrimr uringiao- fact3 an j mcing manner, ments, "that a resolution3 wa *Vpport. of thoir arg"- that it was desirable to eno-a^t^11101181^ PaS9°d trained nurse In vieiv i° u !r services of a 190*, which comes into fore vivt's A<^ of tins direction. After a nor, 1 uld done m cussion further meetings^ will" be*' held'Z't b°USe meeting was well attended one of £ Th° of the school being quite fuU °f the brooms
GARNANT JL-DGEMEXT IN A PROPERTY DISPUTE -On Fri. Joyce!1 judgmehntnwras ?;ven°?.\ 1^°^ Mr" Justice to sell to the plaintiff th rTsS &n a°reement «t Gwaun-dc"H™tf'°"s ?°d contended that the f, "as on plaintiff navina- r conditional Thom[Y3on, appeared for the and Mr. Cogens Hardy appeared for the defendant.-In giv. ing judgement, Mr. Justice Joyce said he came to the conclusion the never did agree to sell to the plaintiff except upon the terms that he agreed The nlaintiff I 1° actlon must be dismissed, lhe plaintiff must pay the defendant's costs, except coste Of VC, -T" *° Of the on Saturday, after tiro d„ H™tlrd«l'J Sketty, better team in the second r decide the Junior Challenge Cu S nd °f the District" local interest. TIia •+ ° ^ame occasioned much terwards the visitors went off and directly af ^ampoi^ L ir]'i who started with nine'men :»hu<n-\ u fidd' and durinS" «ie first few J Anthony °f *connS were missed bv P. nant, "he ,tf, "»»• found the .*« on°both ,idT ,C°re<i br Sk'y' Tl'° 'ombinatkm suited in WaS rPO°r' nand the Same finally re- Sl'p fv a WUL ;0r tho homesters. Score — bketty, 2 goals; Garnant II., 1 goal. SYMPATHY WITH THE ABERDARE STRIKERS -The- member* of Bryn Seion Chapel, Garnant, have, out of the chapel funds, forwarded a donation of JM towards those now suffering in consequence of the. coal strike in the Aberdare Valley.
LLANSTEPHAN WEDDING.—On Saturday, 3rd inst at tho try Office, Carmarthen, Mr Samuel' Tamoa i.?1SI son Of Mr. David James, w'ater injector t' eldeSt ried to Miss Rachel Davies of CiSr^*8 £ pTe^ry^laandhethC°ttage: ™ their new home' & were the recipients of a number of useful present from friends and neighbours, who wish them a prosperous and hapy future.
SORES AFTER SEVERE COLD CHILDREN'S SCALP TROl-BLES MUST YIELD TO ZAM-BUK. Mrs. Eleanor Thomas, wife of a collier, Jiving at 6, Peckers Hill Road, Sutton Oak, St. Helens gave a reporter some interesting details of the. great benefits that she and her little ones had de- rived from Zam-Buk. ;'LittIe Katie, who is not quite three years old said Mrs. Thomas, '"had a bad cold which left her with a very sore head. Her scalp was inflamed and big watery blisters rose up. These burst and left nasty sores, which caused Katie a great deal of awful suffering. She got very restless, and suffered severely. "I was just thinking of taking my child to a doctor when my mother told me what a splendid thing Zam-Buk was for sores, and persuaded me. to try this balm for Katie. "Katie was soon relieved by Zam-Buk of the pain and itching, and her head looked much healthier The sores left by the cold gradually vanished as I continued with Zam-Buk, every dav bringing im- provement until all the sores had been cleared away. Katie has now a perfectly clear scalp, and she never complains of any itching or pain. "When our other two children, Ritchie and W illie, had heavy chest colds, I rubbed their chests with Zam-Buk, which gave them a surprising amount of relief. "We have all great faith in Zam-Buk, and little Katie, in particular, is always happiest when show. ing her Zam-Buk box to callers.
And they gave you notice, Mr. Jenkins?—No. That they would stop work the following day unless they were paid at once?—What time they gave the notice? Never mind about the time—is that right or wrong?—I never had a notice. I don't say in writing, but by word of mouth No. They also told you, I think, that they were there representing all the men?—Yes. You understood that?—Yes. At this stage, the Chairman said they felt very sorry that the thing had come to court. It seemed a great pity that it could not be settled. Was it not possible that a reasonable settlement could be arrived at? As an outcome of this suggestion, counsels retired to the ante-room to see if there was any possibility of bridging the difference between the two porties. They, however, returned in a few minutes, having failed to arrive at a settlement. Witness, re-examined, said that a clause of his agreement with the company was that if he absented himself or his men from working the drifts for a period of 24 hours the company would be entitled to employ other men, and the cost and charges in- curred in carrying on and completing the work would be paid by him or might be set off by the company against any money due to him. The loss he suffered came under that clause. Henry Wm. Wilkes, colliery manager, said the loss had boen JB7 5s., and Mr. Jenkins had to make good that amount, and it would be deducted from the money due by the company to him. He was present at the interview that took place on the Monday. After Jenkins gave an assurance that the money would be paid, one of the men said they had nothing more to do. No notice was given at all. That finished the case for plaintiff. David J. Jones rider at the drift, said he re- membered Thurshay, the 3rd ult., when they had an interview with the contractor regarding the rate of wages paid to the second hands. Plaintiff then promised to pay thcri od. a day increase from the beginning of the fortnight, so he understood. Cross-examined—He was not present at the inter- view on Monday. Ivor Williams, chairman of the men's committee, said lie was one of the deputation that waited on plaintiff on Monday. He assured them that the money would be paid, but they told him that they would not work after Tuesday night 10 o'clock shift unless the money had been paid then. The money was not paid until Wednesday. Cross-examined—They knew nothing about the dispute betwen the company and Jenkins, but under- stood that the money had been kept back by the company. The men that went for .their money on Tuesday did not all get it, but he admitted that two men went on Tuesday and had it, and he had also heard that Tom Freeman had been for his money. Although James Cueyd and Fred Cheshire had had their money on Tuesday morning they did not go to work the next shift. He thought they were acting quite reasonably. You say that Mr. Jenkins and Mr. Wilkes are wrong in what they say as to the notice?-Yes, sir. They both say that not a word was said?—I should like to point out that we had started the interview when Mr. Wilkes came up. Wilkes was present when the talk about the notice took olace?-l can't swear that he was. You are not prepared to deny it?-No. One thing I am certain of is that James Martin said it. Re-examined—Jenkins did not deny on Wednes- day that they had given him notice. James Martin, another of the deputation, said he gave Jenkins notice for the men on Monday morn- ing. On leaving him they told all the workmen they saw that he had promised to pay them the money. His own was in arrear, and his brother went for it. He was refused it, though he had had pay for him I previously. Cross-examined-.His brother was told that if he came himself he would have the money. There had been a little dispute once about his pay. Tom Freeman said he had 13s. 4d. short in his pay. He actually got it on Wednesday. Cross-examined He had had his monev before the time he ought to have gone into the work, but he did not go because there was other money behind. J Mr. G. Clark Williams, addrcsing the Bench, said they maintained first of all that they gave notice. If that was so, it was a complete answer. The evi- dence on ilie point was this: Plaintiff and Mr. Wilkes denied the notice. Two witnesses for the defence said positively that the notice was given, and they added circumstantial detail to that. They said that a day or two afterwards it was suggested by Mr. Wilkes that no notice had been given, and that thereupon one of their number turned to Mr. Jenkins and challenged him on the point, and he did not say anything. On the one hand they had the evidence,of plain'iff and Wilkes; they said no. Ivor Williams and James Mortin said yes categoric- ally they did give it, and they corroborated all that by saving that they recalled ;t to Jenkins on Wed- nesday, and he sa.d nothing. Was it not a case where silence meant consent, He thought it was obvious y. It was easier to forget than to invent. He believed on those grounds, on the question of the credibility of his witnesses, that they would be reluctant to suggest that those men ever invented that. As to the plaintiff and Mr. Wilkes, he said it was easier to forget than to invent. Another po.nt he wished to submit was that when one party to a contract was guiity of a breach of an essential term of the contract, that entitled the other party to treat the contract as at an end, to refuse to be bound by it. That was plain law. He was going to submit that there was a breach of a term in that contract which was essennal. both from the point of view of common-sense and of law. The breach that they complained of was that of twelve men, no less than ten had monies wrongfully withheld from them. There was no question of it. The prime obligation of an employer was to pay a workman's wages; the prime obligation of the workman was to conduct himself diligently in his services. The obligation of the employer was to find work for the man and to pay him for it, and the important thing for the workman was that he should complete it. And in the circumstances of a collier's life it was important that it should be paid on the day. It was the first principle of all industrial enterprise that the men's wages must be found. The man who did not receive his full pay on the day which he was entitled to it was entitled to dron work. With regard to the men who had had their full pay he. would say that they were liable to the damages. But in this case how much would the damage amount to? If they had gone they would not have been able to proceed with the.r work owing to the absence of the others. They caused no loss. Mr. Hunter submitted, in regard to the presump- tive notice, that if the three men on Monday gave notice, the other seven could not have given notice at all. A deputation could not give notice for the men they were representing. No man had a right to stop work without notice because of another man's grievance. Mr. Hunter also maintained that what took place at the end of the interview with Mr. Jenkins had the effect of nullifying the notice 'op o uieij:) joj ojoui ounfjou SPAK AJSIFJ pies NAJJIUI -moo Øq1 jo UBinjiBqO am 'suluar":q uoijtfuerdxo thev could go to work then. After a consultation, the Chairman said they had unanimously come to the conclusion that thev must find for the plaintiff. They thought that If notice was given, that what took nlace after hl'd the effect of withdrawing it. With regard to the damages, they found it difficult to assess them, but thought the claim of 14s. 6d. had to go. They would give nominal damages of Is. each.