Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

8 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

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RURAL LIFE.

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-p--j HOME-MADE HOOKS. I

THE UTILITY OF OLD CLOTHES.1

NICE DISHES.

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RURAL LIFE.

Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

the average results. A test of this kind is con- sidered more trustworthy than one in which the Beeds are placed in blotting- paper. A BEAUTIFUL SINGLE ZINNIA. I was surprised the other day to receive an in- quiry about the Zinnia, which, although so great a favourite for beds or mixed borders in really big gardens, is quite as popular among cottagers as can be proved by anyone who takes the trouble to look around the amateurs' section at SWTGLE zmmA. elmo,q any country flower show. It certainly seems surprising to find anyone inquiring about so common a plant. I am, however, always pleased to answer inquiries sent by such men, for it is frotn them that our enthusiasts are gleaned. The single ZijinisF. contain the finest varieties which have been obtained by skilful onltivation from the old Mexican variety. The ainale Zinnia is unique in ferm, and combines richness and variety of cokmr; k is very attract- ive m beds or mixed borders, a»d matches well with Pyretfirum, Asters, &c. There are eight with Pyretfirum, Asters, &c. There are eight distinct varieties which can be reeommended. PLAKTINO Go<xwBrRitm. Bvsh fruits may be planted an through the vmrter, and there is an advantage in getting them planted before the ead of the year. Goose- berries phwvted before the end of this month can be prnaed their first season. This helps to get fkona early htto a good shape f-or fruit bearing. Market growers prune their Gooseberry trees Iterd. reducing them to the appearance of ampu- tated skeletons, but they get much fine fruit in tMMeqwewee. It is almost impossible to have (Toaseborry bashes too open. All old, worn-out jMraaabes ohoaid be eystentatically removed to givo room te the young wood on which the best bai ritn grow. Expert pruttOM aim to train the 0itoaar yoang eh oats. to for* basin-shaped growm the naore thoroughly to tbana light uad air. There are three excellent Gooseberries we eaa augreet to am a tears for eh owe from IManaat tie many good ones offering. The first is K*Opmko. This is a vigorous-growing tree, wklck prodnoes large, bandsowe fruit. Its yel- low berries have a pale greenish tint, spotted with red. They can be picked green very early In the aeason. The skin of the berry is thick. For a red Gooseberry, Warrington is excellent. The bueh grows compact. The bright red fruit haage long, giving good supply late in the sea- son. Grown on clorth walls or in shady places, the tune of fruit aupply can be prolonged. For a large-fruited Gooseberry Lancashire Lad is ad- vised. This is a great favourite both with ex- hibitors and niarket growers. Its large, smooth irurt is deep red in colour, with shading of lighter red. The growth of the bush is eompaofc PRESERVING FBTJIT JUICBS. Bone interacting experiments have been made ia Aamerioa in regard to the preservation of MIIMt eider and ttther fruit juiees free from fer- ■Notation. Frnit jaiøee preserved in this way ora far more wholesome than the fermented drinks made from them, and are particularly ap- preciated in hot weather. Take clean quart beer bottles and fill them with eider fresh from the press, leaving the neck of the bottles empty for air spaee. Ptaee the bottles in a steam chest, so that the Stearn when turned on will circulate freely. around tkem. Then steam, or scald with boiling water, having one bottle open with a sugar-boiler's thermometer in it to shew the tem- peratpro; the thermometer projecting through a hole in the steam oheet. Heat to 160deg. for ten raiaates aad then immediately oork, and tie the eorha down. After twenty-four hours, heat again Mad the next day a third time. If the bottles aro ateied in an npright position the corks must bo aovaiod with paraffin. For home use, where a obmm oheet is not available, nse a wash boiler with aiatn in the bottom to stand the bottles on, and MTIt a small amount of water and a cover to natain the tteam, so that the necks of the bottles win be sterilised. A better way would be to keat the empty bottles to a temperature of lOOdeg., and heat the fruit juice in a porcelain TWMct to 160deg. and ponr into the bottles while both are hat, and oork and seal at once. Lay tike battle neek down, and if ha twenty-four hears tikore are no signs of fermentation heat aifaia at oneo. POULTRY EXPL-IRIMBNTG. As regards poultry experiments which are now being atado, we mast bear in mind that no ex- periaaeatt oaa be repeated under precisely similar aaadhioas. as it oan in, say, the chemist's labora- tory; t&oro the conditions can in all particulars be repeated identically for the purposes of de- HMM*ratien and verification. But a moment's reflection teUs one that such identical repetition masock be secured in experiments with fowls and aggs. Far too much importance seems to be at to the running two or more pens of fowls simultaneously under different methods of b*asiag. feeding, or what, not. Even though the fowls employed may be all of them of the tana rftrarn, and have been hatched at the same tiaao aad reared m the same way, nevertheless, thanann experimentalist has to reckon with M isapeaderahle element of individual per- wmrfity. and temperament, and habits in the Ryfag fubjeote with whioh he experiments; and pen it aaust always be precisely that element which heavily discounts the si^mfieaneo and practical valoa af oomparative avicultural research work, tnvtil thay have been repeated with success ataay times. I* ao dase of such experilnents ia tbata grenter need of ucieatifie oacrtion in form- ing eticng than in the raeubaticm experi- ments, whether tliesa be to test the hatchability of eggs laid by hews fed in eeveral ways, or to test the respective naerita of several types of iBoabator. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. S. W. P.—The trap can be bought of Gilbert- VNljMHl V*B*, Hertford. j