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r WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA. 'J; IULLER DRIVEN BACK FROM THE TUGELA. HEAVY CASUALTIES. WRD ROBERTS TO TAKE CHIEF COMMAND, KITCHENER GOING OUT. SAD HIGHLANDER LOSSES. ENERGETIC GOVERNMENT ACTION. BULLER STOPPED AT THE TUGELA, LOSING ELEVEN GUNS. General Buller began his advance on the morning of the 15th inst. from Chieveley on the Boer positions near Colenso, and ina despatch dated the same night he had to report that he had sustained a serious reverse. He states that there are two fordable places on the Tugela, about two miles apart, and his design was that General Hart's Brigade should attack on the left and General Hildyard on the right, while General Lyttelton, with a central brigade, should be prepared to give support to either. Early in the day General Buller saw that General Hart would not be able to force a passage and directed him to withdraw, but in the meantime he had attacked with great gallantry, and his leading battalion, the Connaught Rangers, suffered severely. General Buller then ordered General Hildyard to attack, which he did, and his force occupied Colenso Station and the adjoining houses. But two batteries of artillery which had advanced close to the river bank were suddenly overwhelmed by the fire of the enemy at close range. Most of the horses were killed, and many of the gunners wounded, and after a desperate attempt to bring off the guns had failed, General Buller would not per- mit another to be made, and withdrew his forces to Chieveley Gamp, the retirement being effected in good order. Eleven guns in all were lost, and the General feared that the list of casualties would be heavy. METHUEN ON THE MODDER. The Times special correspondent at Modder River, telegraphing on Wednesday of last week, said the troops remained in position, rendering invest- ment impossible. Great activity is reported among the Boers, who are moving their Haggons from Magersfontein towards Jacobs- dal, probably to obtain supplies. Their present position is almost waterless. The Times correspon- dent gives some further details about the Magersfon- tein engagement. He says the casualties were almost confined to the early morning and the latter part of the afternoon of Monday week. Otherwise the I engagement resembled that of Modder River, being a continuous shelling of the enemy, who only replied when a movement among the troops from under cover eave them a target. The enemy were entirely cleared from the upper intrenchments. Their loss in mounted infantry was severe. The heavy loss suf- fered in the onset of the Highland Brigade is un- doubtedly discouraging, but the day was marked by the superb pluck of the Gordons and the steadiness of the artillery. On the extreme right the Yorkshire Begiment was under heavy fire all the afternoon, and rtmained firm even after their ammunition failed. HOW GENERAL WAUCHOPE DIED. A despatch from Modder River says General Wauchope's body was found near a trench. He had been shot through the chest and in the thigh. A wounded Boer stated that the loss of the burghers had been terrible. The whole Scandinavian contin- gent had been destroyed. An estimate of the Boer losses, based on information from wounded and prisoners, places them at over 700. The prisoners Maid that the word was passed along the Boer lines to prepare for retreat at nightfall. THE STORMBERG BATTLE. A Sterkstrom telegram reports that, according to Boer accounts, their force at Stermberg was only 800 strong, and that they were surprised at the I British retreat. If the British had been half an hour earlier the Boers wonld have been taken by sur- prise. NEW COMMANDER OF THE HIGHLAND BRIGADE. General Tucker and Colonel Hector Macdonald have been ordered from India to South Africa. The fetter is to succed General Wanchope in. the com- mand of the Highland Brigade. CASUALTIES ON THE TUGELA, 1097. General Buller sent to the War Office for publica- tion early on Sunday morning a first list of the casualties sustained in the engagement on the Tugela, from which it appears that 82 officers and men were killed, 667 of all ranks were wounded, and S48 missing—presumably prisoners-making a total of 1097. MAGERSFONTEIN LOSS, 963. The War Office issued on Saturday a farther list of casualties at Magersfontein, including those of the Highland Brigade. The total list in killed and wounded in this engagement was 963. Of the Black Watch 42 of the rank and file were killed, 182 wounded, and 111 are missing. RECONNAISSANCE ON THE MODDER. Under Lord Methuen's direction a strond recon- naissance in force was made on that day by the 9th Brigade, supported by artillery, which shelled the Boers' position and put one gun out of aetion. The force returned to camp without loss. SKIRMISHING NEAR NAAUWPOORT. Naauwpoort telegrams describe some active skir- misthing which took place on Thursday of last week between our forces in that neighbourhood and the aoemy, and in which the British artillery rendered reel lent service. DISLOYAL CAPE DUTCH. Reports from various quarters indicate that in the northern districts of Cape Colony the Dutch popula- tion are showing an increased tendency to disloyalty, and in sbme places are joining the Boers in large numbers. The natives, both in the colony and in Basuioland, are also becoming more restless. COURAGEOUS MAFEKING. Interesting despatches from the Times corre- spondent at Mafeking record events there from the 1*t to the 6th December, and show that the garrison are maintaining their activity and courage. On the 6th a very heavy rainfall did a good deal of damage to the earthworks of the defences but this was promply repaired. A Bulawayo telegram says that news from Mafeking is to the effect that the enemy have been obliged to evacuate some of their works mear the town, and that their losses from the rifle- Art of the garrison have been considerable. NEW COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF: LORD ROBERT'S TO GO OUT. LORD KITCHENER CIIIW OF STAT*. A meeting of Cabinet Ministers was held at the Foreign Office on Saturday afternoon in London, and on Sunday night it was announced that, as the cam- Gign in Natal is, in the opinion of the Government, :ely to require the presence and undivided attention of Sir Red-rers Buller, it has been decided to send Field-Marshal Lord Roberts to the Cape as Com- mander-in-Chief in South Africa, with Lord Kit- dbener as his Chief of the Staff. On Sunday the War Office issued an announcement that, acting on tbe advice of the military authorities, the Govern- ment have approved of the following measures: Aff the remaining portion ef the Army Reserve, in- cluding Section D, will be called up. ^The Seventh Plrision, which is being mobilised, will proceed to Boath Africa without delay, as well as reinforcements of artillery, including a Howitzer brigade. The Commander-in-Chief in South Africa has been Mthorised to continue to raise at his discretion fecal moanted corps, and it is intended to send ant as well a considerable mounted force from home. Nine battalions of Militia, in addition to the two battalions which have already volunteered for service at Malta and one for service in the Channel Islands, will be allowed to folunteer for service out of the United Kingdom. and an equivalent additional number of militia fcatfcalioos will be embodied for service at home. A Strong force of volunteers, selected from yeomanry fegiments, will be tonned for service in South Africa. Arrangements are being made, and will shortly be announced, for the employment in South Africa of a strong contingent of car^Uy-selected volunteers. She patriotic offers which being received from the colonies will, 80 far as possible, be accepted, pre- ference being given to offers of mo«^d conitngents. fERIOUS REVERSE TO GENERAL BULLER'8 FORCE. The following telegram from Genrat Ber em issued by the War Office early on the morning V Saturday last: « CHIEVELEY CAMP, December I regret to report serious reverse. I moved, strength from camp near Chieveley this morning four a.m. There are two fordable places in JTugela, and it was my intention to force a pass through at one of them. They are about two m¡}eI apart, and my intention was to force one or the Other with one brigade, supported by a central brigade. General Hart was to attack the left drift, Qeneral Hildyard the right road, and General Xyttslton in the centre to support either. Early in (the day I saw that General Hart would not be able to force a passage, and directed him to withdraw. He had, however, attacked with great gallantry, and -leadins battalion, the Connaught Rangers, I fear, Mgered a great deal. Colonel Brooke was severely wounded. I then ordered General Hildyard-to advance, which he did, and his leading regiment, the East Surrey, occupied Colenso Station and the houses near the bridge. At that moment I heard that the whole of the artillery I had sent back to that attack —namely, the 14th and 66th Field Batteries and six naval 12-pounder quick-firing guns, the whole under Colonel Long, R.A.—were out of action, as it appears that Colonel Long, in his desire to be within effective range-advanced close to the river. It proved to be full of the enemy, who suddenly opened a galling Sre at close range, killing all their horses, and the gunners were compelled to stand to their funs. Some of the waggon teams got shelter for troops in a donga, and desperate efforts were made to bring out the field guns, but the fire was too severe, and only two were saved by Captain Schofield and some drivers whose names I will furnish. Another most gallant attempt with three teams was made by an officer whose name I will obtain. Of the 18 horses 13 were killed, and as several of the drivers were wounc'ed I would not allow another attempt. As it seemed they would be a shell mark, sacrificing loss of life to gallant attempt to force passage unsupported by artillery, I directed the troops to withdraw, which they did in good order. Throughout the day a considerable force of the enemy wag pressing on my right flank, but was kept back by the mounted men under Lord Dundonald and part of General Barton's Brigade. The day was intensely hot and most trying to the troops, whose conduct was excellent. We have abandoned 10 guns and lost by shell fire one. The losses in General Hart's Brigade are, I fear, heavy, though the proportion of severely wounded is, I hope, not large. The 14th and 66th Field Batteries also suffered severe losses. We have retired to our camp at Chieveley. THE QUEEN POSTPONES HER OSBORNE VISIT. The Queen, who was to have left Windsor on Monday or Tuesday for Osborne, has postponed her departure till after Christmas, in consequence of the gravity of the South African situation. Her Majesty desires to be near London under the circumstances. This will be the first time for many years that her Majesty has not spent Christmas tide at Osborne. LORD ROBERTS'S BEREAVEMENT. Lord Roberts goes out to the Cape as Commander- in-Chief in South Africa, with Lord Kitchener as Chief of his Staff, as the campaign in Natal is, in the opinion of her Majesty's Government, likely to require the presence and undivided attention of Sir itedvers Buller." It is a tragic, coincidence that Lord Roberts should receive this command from the Government at the same time that he heard of the death of his only surviving son, Captain Frederick Uoberts, of the King's Royal Rifles, who was mortally wounded in gallantly trying to save the guns at the TlIgela River. METHUEN HAMMERING AWAY. Lord Methuen, who is now able to ride, directed personally the successful reconnaissance on Friday morning of last week under General Pole-Carew, near the Modder River. He has evidently resumed the process of hammering away at the enemy and detaining him where he is. A force seems to be moving down from Jacobsdal to try to cut his com- munication. LOCAL CORPS TO BE RAISED AT THE CAPE.—VOLUNTEERS TO BE SENT. The following announcements were issued on Sun- day night by the War Office: Acting on the advice of the Military Autho- rities, her Majesty's Government have approved of the following measures: All the remaining portions of the Army Reserve, including Section D, will be called up. The Seventh Division, which is being mobilised, will proceed to South Africa without delay, as weli as reinforcements of Artillery, including a Howitzer Brigade. The Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, baa been authorised to continue to raise at his discretion local mounted corps, and it is intended to send out as well a considerable mounted force from home. Nine battalions of militia, in addition to the two battalions which have already volunteered for ser- vice at Malta, and one for service in the Channel Islands, will be allowed to volunteer for service out of the United Kingdom, and an equivalent additional number of militia battalions will be embodied for service at home. A strong force of volunteers selected from yeomanry regiments will be formed for service in South Africa. Arrangements are being made and will shortly be announced for the employment in South Africa of a strong contingent of carefully-selected volunteers. "The patriotic offers which are being received from the colonies will, so far as possible, be accepted, preference being given to offers of mounted contingents." A DASTARDLY TRICK. The War Office on Sunday night published the following telegram: From General, Cape Town, to Secretary of State for War. CAPB TOWN, December 17, 4.40 p.m. Lord Methuen reports as follows Lieutenant H. A. Chandos-Pole, 2nd Coldsteream Guards, was taken prisoner on December 14, when going to meet a flag of trace. He was waving his handkerchief in response, and was unarmed. DEFENCE OF MAFEKING. The following telegram has been received at the Colonial Office from Sir A. Milner: Following telegram has been received from Baden- Powell December 4. Received your despatches of November 28. All well here. Yesterday morning we again succeeded in forcing enemy to evacuate strong and commanding fortifica- tions to north-west of town by our plan of advancing military works. We continually push Boers back, alid are now pushing towards their main siege battery. Authentic information shows that Boers have fairly large daily loss of life from rifle fire, while our casualties are small. Snyman detains Lady Sarah Wilson a prisoner of war, and offers to exchange her for Viljoen, a pri- soner here. I have, however, refused, offering instead Boer woman, and pointing out that, as a matter of course, we returned the 28 women and children who were taken at Sekwanis in the fight on the 26th. The Boer forces have now been reduced to about 2000 men, with one siege gun and four field guns, under command of Snyman. THE CROCODILE STOPS PLUMER. Colonel Plumer's flying column has been stopped in its advance southward by the Crocodile River, which is flooded. The Boers have retired well into the interior of the Transvaal. BADEN-POWELL'S ADVICE. A Boer despatch from Mafeking says: An attack has been made on a small British fort with good results. The fort was demolished. Heavy cannon firing is proceeding. Colonel Baden-Powell has sent the Boers a notice advising them to lay down their arms and return to their several homes, adding that 'protection will be given them as soon as England has taken over the Transvaal." MOVEMENTS OF GENERAL FRENCH. The following despatch was issued on Sunday night by the War Office: From General, Cape Town, to Secretary of State for War: CAPE TowN, December 17, 4.40 p.m. December 17.—Gatacre removed troops and stores to Sterkstroom from Putter's KraaL French established headquarters at Arundel. Van der Merwe, with commando, reported to be moving south from JacobsdaL THE QUEEN AND THE MAINE. The Duke and Duchess of Connaught visited the West India Dock on Saturday, and presented to the American hospital ship Maine the Union Jack given to the vessel by the Queen. A distinguished company was present. The Duke said the flag was a mark of her Majesty's appreciation of the charity which a large number of American ladies and gentlemen had shown towards soldiers of their own kin, speaking their own language, who were now fighting gallantly in South Africa. Never before had a ship sailed under the combined flags of the Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes, and it marked, he hoped, the generosity and affection which the two countries felt for each other. On behalf of the committee, Lady Randolph Churchill returned thanks. KR. WINSTON CHURCHILL. The Morning Post is indebted to the courtesy of Renter's Telegram Company (Limited) for copies of the following telegrams concerning its war corre- spondent, Mr. Winston Spencer Churchill: LOUBWICO MAKQUES, December 13. ChurchiU missing from School. Search being instituted. LOCMWCO MARQUSS, December 16.—It is reported that Mr. Winston Spencer Churchill, the correspon- dent of the Morning Post, who escaped from Pre- tona. hasbeen capered at WaterfalboTen. Mr. Winston Churchill addressed a letter imme- diately before his escape to tt* Transvaal War Office, declaring that as a correspondent he considered his detention unjustifiable as prisoner of war. Mr. Churchill expressed the higliest appreciation of the treatment he had received at the hands of his detainers. Other British military prteoners wh0 we in the custody of the Transvaal authorities alee express their admiration of the humane and chival< taus character of the treatment meted out to them' by the Doer forces. Though Mr. Winston Churchill's escape wM, sleveriy executed there is but little chance of his being able to cross the borda*. < THE BRITISH LOSSES. Ono thousand and ninety-seven officers and men of General Buller's army are reported killed, wounded, or missing as the result of his reverse on Tugela. If we except the disaster of October 30 at Ladysmith, when, besides the better part of two in- fantry battalions captured at Nicholson's Nek, 300 men were killed and wounded, no battle of the present campaign has furnished so large a total of casualties. Yet while for other reasons the check at Colenso overshadows in seriousness any we had hitherto ex- perienced, our losses in men will upon examination be found less formidable than the total figures would at first appear to show. Lord Methuen's casualties at Magersfontein, as at first telegraphed, num- bered 833 of all ranks. He had 14 officers killed, including General Wauchope, Colonel Coode, Colonel Goff, Colonel Downman, and Major the Marquis of Wincheetsr. Sir Redvers Buller has only seven officers killed, not one being above the rank of captain. The totals of casualties among officers in the two battles are not far from equal. Forty- eight were wounded at Magersfontein, and 38 on the Tugela at Colenso, where, however, 18 officers are reported to have been made psisoners or to be missing, while in the Magersfontein list only five come under this category. Again, the number of non-commissioned officers and men actually killed and wounded in the more recent of the two engagements is smaller than in the former, the figures as first given being: Magersfon- tein, 764; Colenso, 742. What makes General Buller's total so high is the item of 348 men missing, the larger proportion presumably prisoners. II; is to be remarked that the number of men killed (75) is hardly ten per cent. of the number hit. It is stat.ed .that the total British losses in the war as far as known on Sunday night reached the large total of 7630 officers and men killed, wounded, and missing, of whom, however, only 5777 have up to the present been identified with their respective regiments. The regimental lists show that 728 officers and men have fallen in death or died subsequently from their wounds 2784 men have been wounded. and 2265 have been lost or taken prisoners. The above figures take no occount of men who have died from natural causes. EXPULSION OF A RABBI FROM THE TRANSVAAL. Dr. Hertz, the Rabbi of Johannesburg, has arrived at Lorenzo Marques, having been expelled by the Transvaal authorities on the ground that he was an enemy of the States. He says that he was called upon to retract the remarks on Jewish and Catholic disabilities which he made in his speech at the Uitlanders' meeting in the Wanderers' Hall last July, and to publicly apologise to the Government. He, however, refused to comply with the demand. LORD ROBERTS'S SON'S DEATH. On Sunday the official intimation was received of the death of Lieutenant the Hon. F. H. S. Roberts, only son of Field-Marshal Lord Roberts of Kandahar. This young officer was shot in the abdomen in the battle of Colenso, and although the bullet was ex- tracted by Sir William M'Cormac, hope of recovery, usually slender in such cases, was practically non- existent. News was received of his very grave condi- tion, and on Sunday evening intelligence of his death was transmitted to the Government, occasioning the keenest regret. Lieutenant Roberts, who belonged to the King's Royal Rifle Corps, left London a few weeks ago for the front. A representative of the Press Association saw him off from Waterloo for Southampton, when he was accompanied by his distinguished father and Lady Roberts, who were both obviously proud of their smart soldier son. He was within a few weeks of 28 years of age, and was A.D.C. to his father, the Commander-in-Chief in Ireland. He served with the Waziristan expedition in 1894-5, for which he was mentioned in despatches, and again with the Chitral relief force in 1895. An ex-officer who knew Lieutenant Roberts, speak- ing last night, said: He was not only a popular officer, but in my opinion one of the smartest and most plucky of those selected for service in South Africa. There are few of our casualties which will occasion more widespread grief, and the sympathy of the entire army will go out to Lord Roberts in this terrible bereavement." DUCHESS OF PORTLAND'S BROTHER DEAD. A private telegram has been received in X>ondon from South Africa announcing the death of Lieu- teanant H. Dallas Yorke, of the 10th Hussars, from typhoid fever on Saturday morning. Lieutenant Dallas Yorke was the only brother of the Duchess of Portland. The 10th Hussars are at present at Naauwpoort. THE TUGELA FIGHT. The correspondent of the Cape Argus with General Buller's force, describing the battle on the Tugela, says that at four o'clock on the morning of the 15th rhe whole force advanced on the Tugela. General Hart was on the left, General Hildyard, with the naval guns, in the centre, and General Barton advanced on the right on Colenso. The naval guns shelled Fort Wyllie, above Colenso, and the whole line of Boer intrenchments under Grobler's Kloof across the river, forcing the enemy to disclose his positions. A heavy artillery duel followed. General Hart was forced to retire with considerable casualties, but the retirement was effected in good order. Simultaneously General Barton advanced on Colenso across the level, covered by artillery, ''a*nd took the village at the point of the bayonet under a raking fire. Fort Wyllie was silenced, but a gallant effort to drive the Boers out of an impregnable intrenched position on the bank of the Tugela by the cavalry on the right flank was unsuccessful, the enemy's artillery and accurate Maxim and Norden- felt fire, which commanded the plain before Colenso, doing much damage. The later part of the fight concentrated mainly on the right wing, the Boers shelling from the extreme right. Our two forces re- treated and returned to camp. All the wounded were removed before six o'clock by the Colonial Volunteer ambulance. The troops are in excellent spirits. There would appear (the Times explains) to have been some contusion in the mind of the correspon- dent of the Argus with regard to the position of the three British brigadiers. It will be remembered that in his despatch of the 15th inst. General Buller stated that General Hart was on the left, General Lyttelton in the centre, and General Hildyard on the right, and that troops under the last-named officer occupied Colenso Station and some houses. HART'S BRIGADE OVER THE RIVER. The Telegraph war correspondent's story of the battle of the Tugela River, though much cut down by the Press censor, indicates very clearly the dispo- sition of the British force. He states that General Hart's Brigade, which suffered so seriously, actually forded the river. ENEMY CUNNINGLY ENTRENCHED. The enemy, who were most cunningly entrenched in every direction on the Tugela (says the Chronicle special correspondent) reserved their fire for a time, and then raked our unprotected force. The officers and men, who behaved with all the historic gallantry of the British Army, were finally forced to gradually retire, which they did in orderly fashion. I COLONIAL PATRIOTISM. The news of the reverse of the Tugela has been, both in Canada and Australia, received with calm- ness and patriotic determination to give aU the help that is needed to enable the Imperial Government to achieve the task it has undertaken. The Australian colonies are joining to send out a federal con- tingent of 1000 mounted troops, who will sail, it is expected, before January 10. A battery of artillery is also offered by New South Wales, and ts ready to start at once. The acceptance by the Imperial authorities of the offer of a second Canadian contingent has been received throughout the Dominion with great enthusiasm. A Cabinet meeting was held on Monday in Ottawa to determine the composition of the force, which will probably consist of mounted police for scouting end detachments of cavalry and artillery from the Regulars. CONTINENTAL OPINION. The Continental Press generally admits the pro- priety of the decision of the British Government to prosecute the war unflinchingly, and recognises the dignity and steadfastness of the attitude assumed by the nation. LORD ROBERTS AND GENERAL BULLER. A News Agency says that there appears in some quarters an inclination to interpret the appointment of Lord Roberts to the command in South Africa as an outcome of General Bnller's reverse, and a reflec- tion on that officer's conduct of the campaign. The agency has high authority for stating that this idea is entirely erroneous, and that the state- ment of the Government that General Buller's sole attention is required in Natal, and that the necessity has arisen for appointing a com- mander-in-chief of the whole of the forces in South Africa, is a perfectly frank and full one. Sir Redvers Buller is in no way superseded in his com- mand. Exactly the same considerations apply in this instance as have operated in former stages. While the force in Natal was small a major-general held command (General Symons), but as soon as the number of troops exceeded that with which a major-general is usually entrusted, a lieutenant- I general (Sir George White) took supreme com- | mand. Then came a further increase of numbers, and a "full general (Sir "Redvers Biiller) was sent out. Neither of these appoir,tmen.ts'wi}n. any sense 'a censure on the-previous holder of the position. It was intimated when General Buller was appointed that in the unlikely event of large increases of force an officer of yet higher rank might have to be em- ployed. Had General Boiler now been superseded by an officer of his own rank, censure might reasonably have been understood, but the plain fact is that the decision to- send out more men has raised the force to a strength at which it is thought desirable to "place a higher officer in command. Hence the selection of 'Field- Marshal Lord Roberts. If General JJullerJ Lord Methuen, and other general officers are tb have their hands full locally, it is pointed out that it'will be obviously desirable to have somebody acting as a central authority with charge of the entire campaign. Lord Roberts, the new Commander-in-Chief in South Africa, and Lieutenant General Kelly- Kenny, with their respective staffs, leave Southampton for the Cape on Saturday in the Dunottar Castle. Lord Kitchener is hurrying home from Omdurman via Cairo, and will quickly follow his chief. It is officially announced that the Reservists of all arms now remaining in the First Division of the First Class Army Reserve, and such Reservists of the Second Division as may receive notice to join, will be called out on permanent service at an early date. Two additional transports, the P. and O. steamer Asgaye and the Union liner Goorkha, have been chartered by the Government for the conveyance of troops to South Africa. The Transvaal War Fund at the London Mansion House amounted on Monday evening to £ 427,000. VOLUNTEER ENTHUSIASM. The intimation that the Government are consider- ing the desirability of employing a force of selected yeomanry and volunteers for services in South Africa and the inquiries which are being made by the War Office as to the willingness of members of these bodies to serve are meeting with a most patriotic and gratifying response. In London and in all parts of the country members of volunteer corps are eagerly offering their services, and in many cases their com- manders have already been able to intimate that almost the whole strength of their battalions will be at the disposal of the War Office. The same spirit is being displayed by the yeomanry. CORRESPONDENT SHOT AFTER THE DISPLAY OF A FLAG OF TRUCE. The Morning Post has favoured us with the follow- ing extract: The following is an extract from a letter, dated Base Hospital, Wynberg, Cape Town, November 28, which we have received from our war correspondent, Mr. E. F. Knight, who was shot in the arm at the battle of Belmont, and has since bad the limb amputated I am dictating this to Surgeon R. Fox-Symons, who is doing his best to preserve my arm. It is very bad luck being wounded at the beginning of the cam- paign, and I shall be no good for some time; for the bullet, a Martini, perforated the top part of the arm, completely smashing the bone into numerous frag- ments, then leaving with an exit wound about the size of a fist. The triceps muscle at the back of the arm was torn in two. Yesterday the arm was operated on, some fragments of bone removed, the muscles joined up, and the writer is hopeful that amputation may be avoided, but it is too early to speak with any definite certainty. I was wounded towards the very end of the battle of Belmont—in fact, only ten minutes before the firing ceased. I was with a detachment of the Northampton Regiment on a ridge, from which our men were firing at a party of Boers occupying the summit of a small kopje. On our right other men were firing into them, so that they were caught in a trap, and must all have been killed or have had to surrender. They apparently chose to surrender, for a Boer hoisted a white flag. We ceased firing, and some men stood up, myself among them. At once several shots were fired from the kopje, and I, among others, was hit. The Tommys, then exasperated, at once killed off all the Boers. I was carried to Belmont Station." PRISONERS IN PRETORIA. According to information given to the Cape Times by a gentleman who has just left Pretoria after being under arrest as a spy, the Transvaal Government appears to be treating the prisoners fairly well, but provisions are apparently somewhat short, and prices of foodstuffs are consequently high. The prisoners are now being fed on the provisions which the Boers captured at Dundee after the evacuation of that plaf'e. They are guarded by some 80 Boers from the back veldt, in addition to a contingent of Germans, who have volunteered their services. They are detained inside the racecourse, and sleep in the sheds in the enclosure, but though these sheds are dry enough at present, they are quite exposed to the weather, and during the rainy season, which sets in in December, will probably he swamped out, so that the prospect in that respect is not particularly cheerful. The President pays a visit to the prisoners two or three times a week to see that everything is all right, for apparently the authorities are much concerned as to the possibilities of the prisoners making their escape. The guns from one of the neighbouring forts have been brought down and trained on the racecourse, and a searchlight front a kQpje in the vicinity is played on the racecourse after dark, whilst at the entrance to the enclosure a Maxim is mounted.


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