CARDIGANSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL. A quarterly meeting of this council was held at the Town Hall, Lampeter, on Tuesday, when the members present were Mr Levi James, Cardigan, (chairman); Aldermen Major Price Lewes, Tyglyn Aeron David Jenkins, Maesteg Llewellyn Edwards, and C. M. Williams, Aberystwyth Jenkin Jenkins, Felincoed J. T. Morgan. Maesnewydd David Davies, Maengwyn Jenkin Jenkins, Blaenplwf William Davies, Rhydowenfach; E. Cluneglas Davies, Lampeter William Davies, Tanycoed Coun- cillors Morris Davies, Ltanfarian Col. W. Picton Evans, Cardigan G. W. Parry, Llanilar Rev Thomas Levi, and Peter Jones, Aberystwyth Evan Morgan, Llansantffraid W. H. Jones Llangeitho J. T. Morgan, Nantceirio Nicholas Bray, Goginan J. Owen, Taihirion John e3 Dav;es, Talybont; W. O. Brigstocke, Llangoed- more; J. Morris, Taliesin; John Powell, Ttoedyraur; William Morgan, Bow-atreet; D. C. Roberts, Abyerystwyth M. Evans, Oakford Daniel Jenkins, Ystrad; John Davies, Llan«ranog • Evan Davies, Aberbank Evan Rfchards,' Llanfihangel Evan Rowlands, Treearon • William Timothy, New Quay Evan Evans,' Llandyssiliogogo; J. Hugh Jones, Aberarth James James, Llanrhystid John Davies, New Quay David Morgan, Penllwyn Enoch a^d)SSl1; J- M- Howell, Aberayron: and T. W. Davies, Yspytty Ystwyth. The minutes of the three previous meetings were confirmed. Mr J. M. Howell raised a point as t) whether the two new surveyors had been properly appointed according to standing orders, and if so the minutes were irregular. He said the standing orders required that notice of a vacancy in the surveyorship should be given to the Finance Committee before the appointment was made, but no such notice had been given the Finance Committee. The Chairman said that two special meetings of the whole council had been held, and they could not therefore lay much stress on the point raised. APPOINTMENT OF CORONER. The next business was to appoint a fit and qualified person to be coroner for the Lampeter district of the county in the place of the late Dr. John Rowland. Mr W. O. Brigstocke questioned the chairman as to the mode of election, and a discussion ensued. Mr Morgan Evans said he personally objected to voting by ballot. They were reducing their influence by hiding their proceedings in that court. He proposed that it be by open voting. Mr Aeronian Jenkins seconded. ° Mr Morgan Evans said that when he was only representing himself by voting for a member of Parliament, he liked to have the ballot to pro- tect him, but at that meeting he was representing his parishioners, and he wanted them to see what he was doing (hear, hear). Mr Thomas Thomas proposed that it be by ballot, but the original motion was carried. Each member was then furnished with a piece of paper, on which he was to put the name of his candidate and his own name, which was after- wards read out by the Chairman. There were five applicants—Mr A. Evans, surgeon, L-unpeter; Mr E. R. Jones, surgeon, New Quay; Mr Edward Williams, surgeon, Aberaeron Mr Jenkin Lewis, surgeon. Aber- aeron, and Mr Thomas Pugh, surgeon, Llanon. The result of the voting was as follows :-Dr. Evans, 26; Jones, 7 Williams, 4 Lewis, 3 Pugh, 0. Dr. Evans was therefore declared elected. AYRON FISHERY DISTRICT. The next business was to appoint four con- servators for the above fishery district. The outgoing conservators were Messrs E. Lima Jones, and Juhn Evans, Aberayron, Jenkin Jenkins, Blaenplwf, and John Rowlands. Mr J. M. Howell proposed that the three former be re-appointed, saying that as Mr John Rowlands had not attended the meetings of the conservators, the Council should put one in his stead. Two persons were proposed for the fourth membership. Mr Aeron;an Jenkins, referring to his nominee, said he had proposed a man who knew the river all over, and was always fishing or poaching in it. It was said that a thief was the best person to catch a thief, and they could not do better than appoint him. Mr Morgan Evans said they ought not to ap- point anyone whom they thought was poaching cl himself. Mr Aeronian Jenkins said his remarks had been misunderstood by Mr Evans. He never in- tended to say that the one he proposed was like the night poachers, but he may not be on the right lines always. He was a splendid angler, and no one better could be appointed. Mr Morris Davies-Let us appoint someone we know something about. What about the other man ? Mr Aeronian Jenkins—They are six of one and half dozen of the other. Rev Llewelyn Edwards proposed, and Mr D. Morgan seconded, that Mr Rowlands be left on the Board. After further discussion this was carried. THE CONSTABULARY. A communication had been received from the Home Office, enclosing a certificate that the Cardiganshire constabulary had been maintained in a state of efficiency and discipline for the year ending December, 1890. MISCELLANEOUS. Several communications from different quarters were read, among them being one from The Mansion House Association on Railway Rates," asking the Council to give a subscription of P.10 10s towards its funds in order to watch the interest of the public in the question of excessive railway rates. It was decided to refer it to the finance committee. A letter from the CJerk of the Merionethshire County Council was read, calling attention to the desirability of forming a County Council Association for Wales and Monmouthshire. The matter was deferred, it being understood that the question would be placed on the agenda for the next meeting. MAIN ROADS, ETC. Mr Peter Jones, before proposing the adoption of the main roads, bridges, and public buildings committee's report, suggested that the deputation from Lampeter on the question of the roads sug- gested to be taken over by the Council in that borough, should be then admitted. The de- putation, which consisted of Aldermen D. Lloyd, town clerk, and David Jones, and Councillors J. W. Evans and D. T. Davies, was then heard. The former was the spokesman. The deputation asked that Station-terrace and the road in Collece- -I- I SLreet De taken over in addition to those already approved of by the Council. n ?VanS 8aid thafc the Council had thou ht riaht to pass a resolution not to take over but one road through each town, and if they listened to the application made by Lampeter they would have to listen to the application of other towns as well. The same difficulty had arisen at Cardigan. The best plan would be to refer the whole matter to the main roads com- mittee. Mr Peter Jones said he feared they could not agree to the suggestion of Lampeter that day. e suggested that notice be given at the next meeting to rescind the recommendation of the main roads committee, "That one thoroughfare only through the town could be recommended by this comniittee," and that the matter be brought on again. •iJh'th' Tl M°rga" TpoBed "'»• they go on t„ .ri?" °" ,"1Vg'incb' '»«"»' « they l '1,1* the Lampeter deputation, Aberystwyth tllera a dozen streets, TVT^ be taken over (laughter). Major Price Lewes said it was a grievous beeuTeft ^amP,et1er tha,fc such a piece had rofprrprl Vi°*i an a8ked that the matter be back once more. the wflT'j Pavies saicl that.if they acceded to main rr>a!i e<vu deputation to be made a Council ^erystwith would be coming to the main r(tai] askjng them to make Mary-street a it TK a W ten times more traffic on Tl ou§ht to draw a line somewhere, oi 110 matter was dropped, and the report was about to be adopted, when Mr J. M. Howell said he wished to refer to the clause in the report referring to THE ABERAYRON RETAINING WALL. The clause was as follows :—" The general com- mittee directed that the sum of P,20 10s (an account referred to them by the sub-committee) I should be paid to the contractor in respect of the retaining wall of the Aberayron Lower Bridge upon the clerk being satisfied that this sum is the unpaid balance of the original contracts, amount- ing to P,90 10s. for the work." Mr J. M. Howell said that the sum of R20 10a was to be paid con- ditionally, although it was a part of the money and inclusive in the amount voted by the Council for the job. Voice-It is a job, too (laughter). Mr J. M. Howell--Well, it is a job after all. The sub-committee had nothing to do with the job but to carry out the instructions of the Council. Mr Howell was dealing rather exhaus- tively with the subject, when Mr Morris Davies said the best thing Mr Howell could do would be to drop the matter altogether that day, and until they next met at Aberayron. Major Price Lewes said he was a member of the sub-committee, but he was sorry to say he did not attend (laughter). He read an account in the paper that one gentleman had said that the wall was not made as a support to the bridge, but for the benefit of private property (" No, no.") Major Lewes, continuing This is how I read it, The money was spent to improve private and public property." That was what Mr C. M. Williams said. The impression given to me was that it had been built for private property and not public. All he could say was that it had been built as a support to the bridge. He at first strongly opposed the application, but when he found that the Council where to keep the approaches to the bridges, he certainly considered that the wall in question should be built. If more money had been expended than there should be, they ought to hold the county sur- veyor responsible for it. Mr C. M. Williams said he was fully prepared to substantiate anything he had said. In the course of his remarks, Mr Williams said his point was that though the original idea might not have been to improve private property, yet the money had been expended in that manner. Mr Howell should not take upon himself as being the only aggrieved person. Mr D. C. Roberts abruptly proposed that the Council adjourn till two o'clock, and this was decided upon amidst laughter. [A copy of the correspondence that had passed between Mr J. M. Howell and MrC. M. Williams on the above subject will be found in another column.] On resuming, the Chairman said that before they had adjourned several persons had been discussing their grievances, and he thought the best way would be for all to let by-gones be by-gones. A long discussion took place as to the roads which Mr Hutchins, the late surveyor, had objected to as not in a fit state to be taken over. It was ultimately resolved to take over the road from Penlon Wesley to Pantydefaid, and the road from Capel Cynon to Penlon Maenygroes. — It was also decided that the roads from Maes- newydd to Tynyparc, Falcon Inn to Rhiwgwraidd, and Llaudyssil to Capel Cynon, be referred to the surveyor, to give his certificate of their being in proper order, before taking them over. The application of the mayor and corporation of Cardigan to take over some roads was referred to the main roads committee. The main roads committee's report was then adopted. The report of the finance committee was adopted, subject to a little alteration as to the bill of 216 2 2d to the lower Y st wyth district. ABERAYRON. The next business was to receive the report of the committee of inquiry into the application for the conversion of the town of Aberayron into an Urban Sanitary District. The committee reported that after full inquiry, they were unanimously of opinion that it was desirable to take steps for the conversion of that pirtioti within the rural sanitary district of Aberayron into an urban district. Major Lewis proposed, and Mr Morgan Evans seconded, that the report be adopted, and this was carried. CARDIGAN SHIRE HALL. The council next considered the report of the committee appointed to consider the question of the sale of the above hall, to the corporation of Cardigan, for the purposes of an intermediate school. The corporation asked for a lease of the county hall free of rent, the corporation promising to provide a place for holding the petty sessions" -It was thought that the Cardigan corporation was asking too much, and the report was laid on the table. JOINT COUNTIES LUNATIC ASYLUM. The report of the committee of visitois to the above institution to the County Councils for the counties of Carmarthen, Cardigan, and Pembroke, was adopted.The report showed the number of patients in the Asylum at present to be 541, namely 268 males, and 273 females. The ad- missions since their last report had been 64, and the total number of deaths in the same period, 33. The discharges had been 23. The present charge for maintenance was 7s 7d per head, per week. The committee regretted to have to record the death of one of their most valued colleagues, Colonel Jones, who for many years had taken a most active interest in all which pertained to the welfare of the Asylum and its inmates. The committee had caused a strict account to be taken of the expenditure of the three counties, in connection with the cost of the erection, etc., of the Asylum lands and buildings, the result of which was that the committee were of opinion that the amount at which the Asylum was rated under section 263 of the Lunacy Act, 1890, by the Churchwardens and overseers of the parish of St. Peter, in the county of the borough of Carmarthen, on the 16th May, 1890, was excessive, and they proposed taking suitable steps for obtaining a reduction of the sum at which the Asylum has been newly rated. SEA FISHERIES DISTRICT. The next item was to receive the report of the Sea Fisheries Committee, which met at Lampeter on the 29th ult. The report stated that a letter received from Mr Berrington, inspector of fisheries, was laid before the committee, also the draft of an order for the creation of the Western Sea Fisheries District," to comprise the seas and coast from the boundary between the counties of Carnarvon and Denbigh on the north, to St. David's Head on the south. The committee approved generally of the provisions of the draft order but they considered that they requiredamendment in the following directions 1. That instead of thn inshore boundary of the I District by the Mouth of the Dovey being across the said river in continuation of the general line of the coast and ba.r at low water" is proposed, it would tend to the better preservation of shell fish if the line were drawn higher up the estuary, say from the Treddol Pill across to Trefri. 2. That there should be some direct representa- tion of the sea fishermen upon the Local Fisheries Committee, whose representatives should constitute one-third of that body. 3. That, considering the want of Railway com- munication in many parts of the contributory area, and the consequent difficulty of securing regular attendance at the Committee's meetings, the Local Fisheries Committee should be increased from 28, the number proposed, to, at the least, 40 members. ,,e ^ittee had been particularly requested by Mr Berrington to forward any observations they had to muke^ on the draft order to him. they had to make on the draft order to him. The committee had therefore sent up to the Board of Trade the above amendments. In reply Mr Berrington sent the following letter to the council:— 0 Board of Trade (Fisheries Department), Loudon, S.W., February 5th, 1891. SlR,-I am directed by the Board of Trade to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 3rd inst., but received to-day on the subject of the Western Sea Fisheries District. With regard to the amendment yon suggested, I am to assure you that I they will receive very careful consideration. The line at the month of the Dovey was founded on suggestions which were made to me by the fisher- men at Machynlleth some time since, and conveyed by me to the Board of Trade. The fishery members other than those appointed by the Board of Con- servators are required by the Sea Fisheries Regula- lations Act, 1888, under which the order would be ) made, to be selected from representatives of the --++- fisbing interests, and this fact would appear in a great measure to meet your second point. As regards your third point, the desire has been unusually expressed in other distric's that the number of members should be limited, it being recognised that when this is the case, a better and more uniform attendance to the duties is secured. The whole of these matters will, however, be re viewed in the settlement of the draft order. The report was adopted. Several other reports were adopted. Dr Lloyd Snape, U.C.W., was re-appointed as county analyst. EMLYN. The council next considered the propriety of supporting a petition of the inhabitants of Newcastle Emlyn to the b lard of directors of the Great Western Railway Company, that the name of" E,ulyn" may be given to the station about to be erected instead of Newcastle Emlyn." The petition stated that letters addressed to Newcastle Emlyn had even gone to towns called Newcastle in America and the colonies, besides to the many Newcastles in the United Kingdom, thereby causing great inconvenience to the inhabitants.— The council decided to give its support to the petition. MEDICAL OFFICERS' REPORTS. The first notice of motion on the paper was in the name of Mr Aeronian Jenkins who proposed That a Sanitary Committee be appointed to consider, collate and report on the Medical Officers' reports and to settle an uniform form of reports for all Medical Officers. Mr Peter Jones said he was of the same opinion as Mr Jenkins as to the first part of the motion, but he did not agree with the latter part, to settle an uniform form of reports." They ought to leave that to the discretion of the medical officers themselves. He would second Mr Jenkins if the latter part was struck out.—Mr Aeronian Jenkins agreed to this and the motion was carried as amended. Mr Aeronian Jenkins proposed, and Mr Enoch Davies seconded, that Messrs Peter Jones, C. M. Williams, Morris Davies, D. C. Roberts, and Dr. Morgan comprise the sanitary committee. Mr Peter Jones proposed, and Mr Morris Davies seconded as an amendment that one member be nominated from each union. The former gentleman said he would refuse to act if Mr Jenkins did not accept the amendment, as it was not right to appoint all the committee from the same district. Mr D. C. Roberts also refused to sit on the committee. He had good reason for not doing to. He moved that they proceed with the next business. Mr Aeronian Jenkins accepted the amendment, which was then carried. POWERS OF COMMITTEES. Mr Aeronian Jenkins proposed, Mr J. M. Howell seconded, and it was carried- That the Main Road Sub-committee be hence- forth empowered to report direct to the Council, and that the meetings of the combined sub-com- mittees be discontinued. REVISION COURTS. Mr C. M. Williams moved- That for public convenience the revising barrister for the county of Cardigan shall henceforth hold revision courts in each polling place in the county, as directed by 30 and 31 Vict., c. 102, sec. 34, amended by the Local Government Act, 1888, sec. 3., sub-s-c. 12. Mr Williams said he thought his motion would commend itself to all the members, the object of which was simply to make it more convenient for the electors to attend the revision courts. They were aware that complaints were continually made of the inconvenience experienced by the voters, who had sometimes a distance of five to ten miles before they could attend the courts. The period at which they were held was about September, the really busy time of the farmers. In that county, which was a very large one in area-covering 690square miles--they had only some 11 revision courts. If it was necessary that the electoral divisions should be numerous, it was also applicable that the revision courts should be equally numerous. In many cases objection had been taken to names already on the book, because they were not there to answer their names. They ought to use the power given them rightly, by making each electoral division a revision court. Up to last year Carnarvonshire was only divided into 12 revision courts, but exception was taken a id a similar motion to his was carried, & the new move gave great satisfaction. The convenience of the many should be considered more than that of one revising barrister and the officials. Mr Morgan Evans—Will it incur any extra expense] Mr C. M. William-I think a certain sum is voted to the revising barrister kvhich includes his travelling expenses. Mr Aeronian Jenkins-For the reasons ex- pressed by Mr Williams, I secomd the motion. Col. Picton Evans said thee may be some inconvenience to find a place in many divisions to hold the revision court. The revising barrister got his pay. from the Treasury. Clerk-But the Council has to pay it. Col. Picton Evans—Yes, but if he has extra work he will come in-- Clerk-Ota strike (laughter). Col. Picton Evans (continuing)—For extra pay. Mr Enoch Davies-I hope he will (laughter). Mr Morris Davies said he did not wish to throw any stumbling block in Mr Williams's way, but he thought that the motion went rather too far. It would bj almost irritating. Take his own division for instance. He believed that most of the voters there would rather go to Aberystwyth than stay at home to go to the court, for they would then be able to kill two birds with o:ie stone. They could buy a pound of sugar and other necessaries in the town at the same time, whereas if they stopped at home they would have t > lose their Avork without gaining that advantage. Mr Eioch D.ivies supported Mr Williams, and hoped he would not withdraw his motion, as they were on the brink of getting manhood suffrage, and they must prepare themselves for those things (laughter). The motion was carried. I COUNTY PRINTING. Mr C. M. Williams moved, and Col. Picton Evans seconded, the next motion, which was as follows To rescind the following resolution passed by the Finance Committee and adopted by the Council at the meeting held 8th August, 1889: "That thE county advertisements be inserted in the Cambria11 News, the Baite)-, aud Aberystwyth Oserver, at;d thai all printing be done within the county, and bj tender, as far as applicable." Some amendments were proposed, but the original motion was ultimately carried, LOCAL TAXATION ACT, 1890. Rev. Llewellyn Edwards proposed- That the instalment of X999 already received by the county treasurer on account of the moneys payable to the Council under the Local Taxation (Customs and Excise) Act. 1890, and any other sums received under the same head for the year ending 31st March, 1891, be invested on proper security. Mr Aeronian Jenkins proposed tha.t the follow- ing words be added In trust for the purposes of the Intermediate and Technics 1 Education Acts of 1889.TI)is was crrried. The Council then rose.
CONWIL-GAIO. TROTTING MATCH.—On Friday, the 29th ult., a trotting match took place in a fieM adjoining the Royal Oak Inn, Caio. Considerable excitement was manifested in the event, which had been pre- viously arranged to come off early in January, but owing to the continuance of frosty weather the match was postponed to the above date. The rivals for superiority were two splendid cobs, owned respectively by Mr William Ttforga n, King's Head Inn, Caio, and Mr John Lewie, Penrhiw. Mr Morgan's horse was mounded by Mr Dan Jones, Royal Oak Inn, while Mr Rowlands. Railway Tavern, Tregaron, occupied the sad dIe of hi3 com- petitor. A large concourse of spectatois had assembled to witness th.e race, which had created some interest in the district. The contending cobs started at a good pace, that of Mr M organ display- ing superior trotting powers, which he maintained throughout, and ultimately reached the winning- post fully 500 yards in front of his a< Iversary. We are given to understand that the successful cob has 1 in the meantime exchanged bands., at Id is at present the property of Mr Daniel Davies, Xinysau, IO.
CARMARTHENSHIRE FARMERS' CLUB. THE INSECT PESTS OF THE FARMER. The quarterly meeting of this club was held at the Cawdor Arms Hotel, Llandilo, on Tuesday, under the presidency of Col. Gwynne-Hughes, of Glancothy. The vice-chairmen were Mr Davies, Castellhowell, and Mr T. Davies, Typicca. The members in attendance were The Hon. A. Campbell, Clynderwen Major Thomas, Moreb, Llandilo; Messrs Lewis Bishop, Llandilo; Henry Jones Davies, Bremenda J. Walter Jones, Ystrad D. Davies. Waundrefi; W. Jones, Rotten Pill; J. Thomas, Trefynis Thomas, Danrallt; W. H. Jones, Danyrallt; D. Prosser, Brynderwen; John Francis, auctioneer, Carmarthen; J. Phillips, Caerlleon Edward Francis, Penygraig Isaac, Old Foundry; W. W. Prosser (secretary), Alltyferin Griffiths, Llwynpiod; J. Williams, Penlan; W. Griffiths, Llwynpiod Rees, Llwynfortune; Hopkins, Cawdor Arms Hotel, Llandilo John Thomas, Penlan; Phillips, M.R.C.V.S. Samuel Rees, Penlan W. Thomas, ironmonger, Carmarthen John Evans, Cwmdihen Jones, Pencnwc Thomas Jones, Penlanvoss Jones, Canton, Llandilo D. Jones, Market Hall, Carmarthen David Davies, Cwmmebach Thomas, Cilarddu M. Thomas, Llwynmendy; David Hinds, Tyllwyd; David Hinds, Cwnin H. D. Williams, Tynycoed Mr Henry Thomas, Bremendaissa; W. Lawrence, Reporter Office; J. Jones, Cilrychen J. G. Harris, Penybont, Llangadock Stephens, Cwm; Thomas, Carregwen. A paper on farm insect pests was read by the Hon. Allister Campbell, of Clynderwen House, Clynderwen, after which a general discussion followed. The paper was as follows There are so many insects which cat up and damage the crops of the farmer that the study of them has become a distinct branch of agricultural science, and great advance has been made in collecting evidence, and many excellent books have been written on zoology within recent years. Thus we are enabled to obtain far more practical in- formation now than our forefathers were. The great object in studying the lives and habits of these insect pests is, of course, to enable us to carry on a successful warfare against them. Miss Ormerod (the consulting etomologist to the Royal Agricultural Society) gives us interesting estimates of the harm which some insects have done. She says "The hop failure through Aphis blight in 1882 caused a loss of over a million and a half pounds sterling." In 1881 the turnip fly (or more strictly the turnip flea beetle) caused a loss ef over a half million of money to the farmers of Great Britain. One of the most injurious pests which we have attacking us early in the season is the wire- worm, and I have therefore selected it as the sub- ject of this afternoon's discussion and, in order that we may be able to make plans for checking its career, it is important for us to know something of its life history. Now, in the first place, we IlH¡st know what insect lays the eggs from which wire- worms afe hatched, where the eggs are laid, what the wireworm is like, so that we may recoguise it when we find it, the manner in which it datila-est the crops, how long it lives, and what becomes of it when it ceases to be a wireworm. Before going into these important questions I must ask your patience while I say a few words on the peculiar- ities of insect life. Insects have three distinct exis- tences after being hatched from an egg, or pro- duced alive. In the first ftage of their develop- ment they are either worms, grubs, maggots or caterpillars, according to the family to which they may belong and it is in this first stage that they are voraciously hungry, and do most damage. In the second form of existence they have passed into a chrjsalis state, when they are apparently lifeless, though not really so; and, finally, they come out of the chrysalis, and appear in their perfect form, with legs and wings complete. The time which insects take pasing through these three stages varies very much, and, unfortunately for farmer?, the wireworm remains in his destructive state four or five years, whilst his life, as P harmless full- grown beetle, lasts only about as miny months. The wireworm begins his life by being hatched from the egg of a click beetle, sometimes called a Skip Jack, because it has the power of skipping up in the air from the flat of its back with a click. The eggs are laid on the ground or just below the sur- face of it, the beetle preferring undisturbed land— old pasture, clover ley, and such liko places. Pro- bably you know the wireworm by sight only too well. He is about an inch long, of a yellowish colour, and has six legs, and is very much like a piece of flattened copper wire; he is very tough, and so the breaking up of the land does not hurt him. As soon as the young blades of the crop begin to show, the wireworm glides along just beneath the surface of the ground nipping through the young stems here and there as he passes, 1 hereby damaging the whole crop. He travels along the lines of the drill, wantonly destroying as he goes and the only crop which he does not touch is mustard, and as mustard is a very good catch crop to follow an early harvest, and is very valuable either for feeding off with sheep or for green manure, ought we not to grow it more than we do ? With this life history before us, we will consider the best means of preventing an attack, or of exterminating the pest if already on the land. In the first place, to prevent egg lay- ing no farmer should leave trash or grass round his ploughed land. Grassy headlands, untrimmed hedges, and ditches full of long grass, arejust the places where the click beetle loves to lay her eggs. Then before breaking up clover ley or pasture, it is recommended that the surface should be pared and burnt (care being of course taken not to wait until wireworms have left the heaps), or to fold sheep on it, moving the hurdles forward so that the whole field is thoroughly trodden. This not only prevents egg laying, bntdwroys any eggs already on the land. The land should be prepared so as to be good for the plant and bad for the wire-worm, the seed bed being a thorough mixture of soil and some chemical manure, which is disliked by the insect. We are told that stubble and roots, cabbage stalks, and all such matters are wire- worm helpers. The best applications are salt, gas lime, hot lime, litne and salt, and alkali waste; besides those, strong fertilisers, such as nitrate of soda, guano, superphosphate, and others, are of service. When the crop is actually attacked it is found to be a good plan to roll the land heavily, and I have seen wireworm stopped by cross rolling wheat with heavy rim rollers, and, in this way, pressing the soil into square compartments, the divisions of which were too hard for the worm to pass through, and, as it cannot live where mustard is grown, that crop is recommended for cleaning. Authorities had us to believe that wireworms arc drawn off from their attack upon a crop by dressings of rape cake or Indian rape, but they like the rape cake so much that they care for no other food, while another view is-that they are driven away by their dislike to it. Indian rape, being made of mustard, has been proved to kill wireworms within a fortnight, when they had nc 5 other food. Now cue word about farm-yard r manure. It has often been found to be the homE I of insect pests, especially when sawdust has beet used for litter. Would it not be well to examine the manure, and, where evidence of the presence of wireworm exists, to mix it well with s:dt, liine, cr gas lime, in such proportion as to destroy all insect pests; thereby making the .<ianuie safe and at the same time, iucreasing its value ? VOTE OF CONDOLENCE. The Club unanimously passed the following 11 vote That the Club condoles and syrupathise3 with Mrs Philips, of Bolahaul, on the death of the late lamented Mr J. Lewis Philippe, and begs to record its deep grief in the loss it has sustained through the death of one of its oldest and most esteemed members, and that the secre- tary be requested to convey the same to the family of the deceased gentleman." NEW MEMBERS. Mr E. H. Bath, Alltyferin Mr John Hughes, Bank, Llandilo Mr Henry Davies, Kincoed Mr W. Lawrence, Reporter Office. RAFFLE. A raffle was made as usual, the result being as follows :—Chain harrow, David Hinds, Ystrad churn, Col. Gwynno Hughes, Glancothi grind- stone, Henry Williams, Tjncoed; cart bridle, H. Thomas, Bremenda issa cart bridle, Thomas, Garregwen single rein bridle, J. Rees, Llwynfortune; single rein bridle, J. Phillips, Caerlleon seed lip, David Prosser, Brynderwen do., John Francis, Myrtle Hill; do., J. Walter Jones, Ystrad digging fork, Thomas, Cilar- ddu do., Thomas, Llwynmendi do., Wm. Lawrence, Reporter Office do., D. Griffiths, Llwynpiod do., Davies, Waundrefi do., W. Jones,[Danyrallt thrashing hook, J. G. Hariies, Penybont; do., D. Thomas, Danyrallt do., T. Davies, Typicca do., J. Williams, Penlan do., W. W. Prosser, Alltyferin do., Jones, Rotten Pill. The usual votes of thanks terminated the proceedings.
LLANDILO PETTY SESSIONS. These sessions were held on Saturday last, before Mr A. S. S. Gulston, Air J. L. Tiioiiias, and Cclonel G wyune-Hughes. OCCASIONAL LICENSE. William Jones, Butcher's Arms, Hettws, was granted an occasional license to sell beer, etc., at the ploughing match on Llwyncwn Farm, between ten a m. and five p.m., on the 27th insr. DEFECTIVE WEIGHTS. David Thomas, butcher, near Llandilo, was charged by Inspector Griffiths, with having in his possession an unjust weight. The complainani deposed that on the 24th tJ' he visited the defendant's stall at Llandilo market. He found a fC de and weights, one, 7 lbs weight, was 7i- drams light. It was apparently being used for trade. Fined 91 including costs. ALLEGED UNLAWFUL WOUNDING. A young lad named Percy Wild, of Ce'a^ethir., was charged with wounding another lad named John Evans, son of Mr D. N. Evans, of Pontladis. Mr Nicholas prosecute.I, and Mr T. G. Williams defended.—The boy Evans said he was 12 years of age, since 10th of July Ia-t. Witness remembered the morning of Thursday, of the previous week, viz, the 29th ult. Witness had been fetching roilk from Cawdor Arms, ann as be was returning home with some milk in a. bottle in his left hand, and an open umbrella in his light hand, the defendant met him by Ffairfach station on the Pontladis side. The defendant had a stick about two feet long in his hand. When he met witness he (defendant) struck the bottle with his stick. Witness told the dtfendant not to break the bottle as his father would scold him (witness). The defendant replied, "I will cut your throat with this knife," which had been in his hand when witness first saw him. Witness went on his way, and defendant ran after him, and from behind defendant gave him two scratches on his neck with the knife, which was still open. Witness then put the umbrella and bottle down, and attacked the defendant who threw the knife to his brother. As they both were scuffling a woman came on, and stopped them. Witness went to Dr Morgan about four o'clock in the afternoon. The wounding took place about nine in the lIIorning.- CrosE-examined: The defendant was cutting a stick with a knife when witness met him. Witness did not threaten to beat defendant, nor did he pick up stones. The cuts were deep, they bleed, there was a point to the s-tick. The knife (produced) was the one witness was attacked with. The wife of John Jones did not smack witness, nor told him not to molest the boys. The doctor did not dress the wound, neither did he put a piaster or anythingon. Witness was not snre whether it was Wednesday or Tburciùuy. P.C. iMitcheliuore, Llandilo, said that on Wednesdayjthe 28th ult., from information received from the last deponent's father, he went to the National School, Llandilo, about 11 o'clock a.m., and saw the defendant. The last witness and his father were with witness. Witness charged the defendant with inflecting the scratches on the last witness's neck, witness did not caution the defendant. The defendant took out the knife (produced) and said he was very sorry, but did not do it wilfully. The accused said I was paring a stick and we got to fight, and when I thought of the knife I threw it away." The scratches Nere slight-about two or three inches long, not deep. The wounds were not bleeding, but appeared to have been.—Cross-examined: Witness believed if the defendant had intended to injure the last witness with his knife, the cuts would have been deeper, they were mere scratches.—The Bench did not hear more evidence and dismissed the case. A COLLIEltY CASE- The Ystradowen Colliery Company, :near Bryn- amman, were summoned by Mr Rolson, H.M. Inspector of mines for South Wales, for three offences against the Mines Act, the principal of which was not providing a proper ventilating shaft. Mr Talfourd Strick, Swansea, prosecuted, and Mr R. S. Lewis, Llandilo, appeared on behalf of the defendants to admit the offences. It appeared that the colliery. is an old one that had been inundated some thirty years ago, but in which recently operations had been commenced. The defendants were engaged in pumping out the water which had been reduced to such a level as to allow of coal being slightly worked, though none had been brought to the snrface. The old return air shaft had fallen in, and whilst means were being taken to provide another in lieu thereof nothing had been done to provide ventilation. One of the work- men bad gone down the slant with a naked light, and an explosion had occurred.—Mr R. S. Lewis said the man had done so despite the fact that he had been cautioned not to do go. The other men had used safety lamps. The defendants were mulcted in the sum of .£10 16s. SUNDAY DRINKING-HEAVY FINE. Mrs Evans, landlady of the White Horse Inn, Llandilo, was charged by P.C. Mitchelmore with illegally selling drinks on Sunday, and refusing to admit him. The complainant said that on Sunday, the 25th ult he visited the defendant's house at 7.20 p.m. When witness knocked at the front door he heard a rush being made to- wards the back part of the house. P.O. Williams 1 was with him. Witness requested him to I e- main by the front door, and the former went to the back premises When witness got into the back yard he saw Win. Owen Jones, Henry Morgan and Wm. John Harries, all of Llandilo. standing near the back door outside. On their seeing witness they ran away into the garden. Witness followed them. When they got about eight or nine yards up into the garden they parted, Morgans turned to the right across the garden, Jones and Harries ran 011 through the path. As they parted witness saw a pint measute thrown 011 the ground. About ten or twelve yards further on witness caught the man Jones, and brought him to where witness hud seen the pint measure, which he (witness) picked up, and then went towards tlielliouse. Near the garddl gate witness met Mrs Bowen, the defendant's daughter, at.d the servant g'rl. Witness asked Mrs B well where her mother was. She said in j chapel. Witness asked her if she was in charge of 1 he home. Slid replied, Yes. Witness then asked her what eXCIFe she had to make for those men bein^ on the premises. She said, I have iioillilll to say. I admit they were in the house, and they had he r." Witness asked her then if she heard a knock at the front door. She said, Yes, but I was afraid to open it." When witness went back i t,) the house the frnnt d. or was still closed. Witness akell\Irs B.cn to open i\ On the door being opened P.C. Williams brought the man Morgans into the house whom witness lia 1 seen previously in the garden. Wit- neSi called Mrs Bjwen's attention to the time, it was then 7-30 p.m. Witness told Mrs Bowcn that he knocked at. the door at 7.20., she said I have nothing to say, I admit, it all, but dout be too hard with us, we are not in the habit of do:ng this kind of thing. William .Jones is a g od customer of ours. He came in for a Dint and I did not like to refuse it, and he brought in the other two with him." In the room in front of the bar witness found a pint measure with a small drop of beer in it, and in the backyard in the trough under the pump, witness found another pint measure containing about a quarter of its quantity of beer quite fresh. Witness said to Mrs Bowen "This makes the third pint," she said Yes I admit everything." Mr J. W. Nicholas, solicitor, on beh/ilf of the defendant, admitted I the offences, hut pleaded for leniency on the ground that the house had been for many years I past well conducted, and that there was a long time since there was a previous conviction.—The bench fined the defendant for the first offence, £ 3 8s., and for the latter, £ 2 8s making a total of £5 16s.
CARDIGAN. FOOTBALL. -Ei?tlyn v. Cai-digorn.-Tiiis return match was played on the ground of the latter last week, and resulted in a win for the visitors by 1 goal and 4 minors to 1 minor. The game consisted mostly of scrimmages. The visitors forwards, among whom J. M. Thomas Jonee, Parry, and Mathias were conspicuous, working like Trojans. T. Williams and D. T. George at three-quarters, whenever the ball was passed to them, made matter!, lively. Morris at back was most reliable. Davies and Griffiths at half played an uphill game, the forwards not being up to the heeling out dodge. For Cardigan, Lloyd, Thomas, and Phillips were in good form, while Lewis and J. and R. Evans were the pick of the forwards. One of the tries scored was the outcome of some pretty passing between George, Griffiths, and Williams, I the other being got by one of the forwards.
USEFUL HINTS TO BUTTER MAKERS. Use TOMLINSON & Co.'s Butter Colour, a pure vegetable oil. does not colour the Butter Milk. Bottles, 6d., Is, 2s 6d, and 78 6d. Mint Street Works, Lincoln.
CARMARTHENSHIRE COURSING CLUB. President, Mr W. J. Buckley, M.F.H. vice-presi- dents, Messrs T. Morris, Dudley Drammond, and Noel Church; stewards, Messrs T.Jenkins (Mayor of Carmarthen), D. H. Thomas, T. Evans, D. E. Stephens, Vincent Howell Thomas, W. S. Phillips, D. Richards, and T. R. Jones; flag steward, Mr Simcn Thomas; slip steward, Mr Rees, M.R.C.V.S.; hon. sees., Messrs H. Cadle and S. W. Thomas; judge, Mr ii. C. Fulwell slipper, Mr R. Jeffery. On Monday night the members of the Club mot at the Boar's Head Hotel, when the draw for the following days' coursing was made. After the draw about 50 members sat down to a good s-pread provided by Hostess Oltve, the Mayor, Mr T. Jenkins, presiding. The cloth removed, several toasts were proposed, and a jovial evening spent. The Mayor proposed "The Queen and Royal Family," which was drunk with musical honours, Mr T S. Puddicombe accompanying song, "Home sweet home," Mr Tom Jones; toast "Success to the Carmarthenshire Coursing Club," proposed by Mr Talbot Norton, and coupled with the name of Mr D. H. Thomas, Derllys, who responded; song, "It's very much warmer there" Mr J. H. Spurry, pianoforte solo, Mr T. S. Puddicombe; song, The birds upon the trees," Mr David Ellis; song, Hop a deri dando," Mr W. S. Phillips. Mr Tom Jones in a well chosen speech proposed the health of the Mayor, andregretted the absence of their president, Mr W. J. Buckley. The toast was duly honoured, three hearty cheers been also given for Mrs Jenkins, and all the little Jenkinses.—The chairman in responding thanked all present for the kind toast. He trusted the illness of the president would be of short duration. For himself he was always but too pleased to further any legitimate sport. He loved sport. He was sorry the entries were so few in number. More members of the Club ought to keep greyhounds, and not trust to two or three to keep up the success of the Club. It was all very well to keep a greyhound, and win a 930 stake, but wh(n they put together the cost of keeping the dog, they would very often find the balance on the wrong-side. If more members kept greyhounds, the adverse bal- ance, would be more evenly divided amongst them (hear, hear). A song was next well rendered by Mr John Rees. Roars of laughter were evoked when Mr J. E. Williams sang the comic song, "More than ever." Mr W. Vincent Thomas proposed the "Health of the farmers over whose farms we course." Mr James Phillips, whose name was coupled with the toast, responded on behalf of the farmers.—The printed cards of the draw had now arrived, and bets were offered and taken. The eighth meeting of the above club took place on Tuesday on Pantdwfn Grounds in fair weather, and in the presence of a large concourse of spectators. Hares were numerous aud ran stout, very few being killed. Judging and slipping gave universal satisfaction. Owing to the insufficiency of entries it was decided to complete the card in one day, and this was easily done. MrT. Jenkins's old favourite, Lady Emlyn, again divided the Club Stakes. Mr D. E. Stephen's kennel also seemed to be in very good form, his three saplings showing marked superiority over their respective opponents, notably Stoic, which ran clean out of sight of those pitted against, him. Appended is a complete de- tailed account of the sport:— The CLUB STAKES, for all ages, at f3 10s. each. Winner, .£18; 2nd, .£6. I. Mr D. E. Stephen's (Mr Christopher Williams) Re. visor beat Mr T. Thomas's Lord Dynevor Mr T. Jenkins's Mentra Gwen beat Mr D. Richard's Slender Mr T. Jenkins's Lady Emlyn beat Mr G. Richard's Galliard Mr D. Richards's Rostoffina beat Mr D. H. Thomas's Linda II. Revisor bt Mentra Gwen; Lady Emlyn bt Rostoffina Stakes divided. The PANTDWTN STAKES, for dog and bitch puppies. at X3 10s each. Winner, .£18; 2nd £ 0. 1. Mr T. R. Jones's Overcaru beat Mr R. Lloyd's Homeless II Messrs Cadle and Evans's Remnant IV. beat Mr W. S. Phillips's Gomer Mr G. Griffiths's Patent II. beat Mr D. Richards's Roving Lad II. Mr T. R. Jones's Gwncheicaru beat Mr T. Jenkins's Joe Capp. II. Remnant IV.bt Overcaru; II. Gwachelcaru bt Patent Stakes divided. The FIRST SAPLINGS' STAKES, at X2 10s each Winner, £ 6 10s; 2nd, £ 2 10s. Mr H. D. Yorath'b Yokena beat Mr T. Jenkins's Mike Manning Messrs Cadle and Evans's Prince Llewellyn belt Mr T. R. Joues's Cariadfach Stakes divided. The SECOND SAPLINGS' STAKES at f2 10s each Winner, X6 10; 2nd, X2 Its. Mr H. D. Yoritbs's Yellowstone beat Messrs Cadle and Evans's Lady Clare Mr D. E. Ste;,Le.ls's Slogan beat Mr T. Jenkins's Lady Hamilton Stakes divided. The THIRD SAPLINGS' STAKES, at 30s each Winner t4 .£1 10s. Mr D. E. Stephen's San low beat Mr V. H. Thomas's Lord Vincent Mr D. E. Stephen's Stoic beat Mr T. Jenkins's Lady Bute Stakes divided. DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSES. CLUB STAKES. Revisor, in a good stretch, led Lord Dyneror quite five lengths, and did not allow the latter to score in the first tield, when the judges decided.- Mentra Gwen and Slender changed sides in the run up. The former, leading by two lengths, went over the Triunt bill out of view, and won.—Lady Emlyu led Galliard five or six lengths, and smothered biiii.-Itostoffitia shot out two lengths for the turn. Liuda now became busy, and had pretly well won the course, when Rostotfina came again for a few bounds, and, driving the hare over 11 11 the fence, had a small balance in hand.-Mentra Gwen being dr:nvD by arrangement, Revisor ran his bye.-iostoffitia led Lidy E ulyn from slips but just got short for the turn. The hare now disappeared into a road. Lady Emlyn quickly returned in possession, killed, and won. The stakes were then divided between Revisor and Lady Emlyn. PANTDWFN STAKES. Overcaru and Homeless II. had a long stretch up- bill, when the former showed pace over the latter, and easily sent up the white flag.-Remnant IV. led and easily beat Comer.—Roving Lad was clearly showing pace from the slips, but turned a somer- sault, ani thus allowed Patent to have it all his own way.—Joe Capp led Gwachelcaru some two or three lengths, and kept his pace for a few more. Gwachelcaru then got on, and soon rubbing off the adverse balance, earned a meritorious victory-a. smartly-run course.—Remnant IV. just led Overcaru for the turn. A good give-and-take course then ensued, which Remnant IV. cleverly won by killing her game.—In a long gruelling course Gwachel- caru had all her own way against Patent It. THE FIFCTST SAPLINGS* STAKES Y oket.a led Mike Manning by about two lengths, and very easily won a short course.—Prince Llewellyn led and beat Cariadfach easily in the first field, although Cariadfach was getting very busy in the second field, but Miij the judge did not see, and gave the verdict for Prince Llewellyn. THE SECOND SAPLINGS' STAKES. "iellowstone led by two or three lengths, and, although Lady Clare had a goo 1 innings ia tho middle of the course, she could not make up for Ihe strong begiuuing of Yellowstone. —In afairish slip Slogan led Lady Hamilton four or five W>n?1hs, and, running smartly with his game, never loft the issue in doubt. THE THIHD SAPLINGS' STAKES. Sandow romped away from Lord Vincent, and pulling down his game, was the easiest of winners. —Stoic ran clean out of sight of Lady Bute, and had a loug-gruelling course by himself.
Erie's COCOA.—GKATEFOL AND COMFORTING.— By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govern the operatious of digestion and nutritiou, and by a careful application of the fine properties of well-selected CocoA, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills. It is by the julieious use of such articles of diet that a constitution may be gradually built up until strong enough to resit many tendencies to disease. Hundreds of subtle maladies ) are floating around us ready to attack wherever there is a weak point. We may escape many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves well fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished frame."— Civil Service Gazette.—Made simply of boiling water or milk. Sold only in packets, by Grocers, labelled —" JAMES Epps & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London.Also makers of Epps's Afternoon Chocolate Essence.