2tuction 3BiarM. Sales by MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS. Nov. 29-At the Hooton Old Smithfield-Fat Cattle, Sheep, Pigs and Calves Nov. 30—At the Smithfield, Chester-Fruit Trees, Shrubs and Plants Nov. 30—At the Smithfield, Chester-Horses, Carriages and Harness Dec. 2—At the Blossoms Hotel, Chester-Freehold Residential Property in Upper Northgate-st. Dec. 2-At the Blossoms Hotel, Cheater—Business Premises in George-street Dec. 2-At the Blossoms Hotel, Chester-Freehold Building Sites Dec. 5—At the Chester Smithfield-Fat and Store Cattle, Sheep, Pigs and Calves Dec. 6-At the Hooton Smithfield-Fat Stock Dec. 9-At the Blossoms Hotel, Ohester-Freehotd Shop and Messuages on Christleton-road Dec. 12-At the Chester Suaithfield-Fat Stock Dec. 13-At The Cottage," Christleton—House- hold Furniture and Effects Dec. 14-At the Chester Smithfield-Pigs Dec. 19-At the Chester Smithfield-Poultry By MESSRS. CHURTON, ELPHICK. ROBERTS & RICHARDSON. Dec. 12-At the Auction Mart, Foregate-street- Furniture and Effects By MESSRS. S. ASTON & SON. Dec. 2 to 9—At the City Auction Rooms, Chester —Art Pottery Sales bp Auction. -# AUCTION MART, FOREGATE-STREET, CHESTER. MESSRS. CHURTON, ELPHICK & co. will hold a SALE of Miscellaneous FUR- NITURE and EFFECTS on TUESDAY, 12th December, 1905. Early entries invited. THIS DAY (WEDNESDAY), 29th Nov., at 1 o'clock. AT THE OLD SMITHFIELD, HOOTON. MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS will hold their usual WEEKLY SALE of FAT CATTLE, SHEEP, LAMBS, PIGS and CALVES. Also Two Choice Dairy Cows, close on calving. Entries respectfully solicited. Auction Ottices, Grosvenor Buildings, Chester. THURSDAY NEXT, Nov. 30th, 1905. Great Sale of NURSERY STOCK at the SMITHFIELD, CHESTER. MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS are instructed by the Pen-y-bryn Horti- cultural Company, to SELL BY AUC- TION upwards of 3,150 FRUIT TREES, 1.000 Specimen EVERGREENS, 1,000 ROSES, Raspberry Canes, Gooseberry, and Currant Trees, Golden Privet, Quick and Blackthorn, &c. Sale at 10.30 prompt. THURSDAY NEXT, 30th November, 1905. CHESTER HORSE FAIR DAY. AT THE CHESTER SMITHFIELD. MESSRS. CUNNAH and ROBERTS will hold their usual Monthly Sale of HORSES, CARRIAGES and HARNESS, commencing with Horses at One o'clock. On Saturday Next. CITY OF CHESTER. Important Sale of a Valuable Freehold Residential Property, situate in Upper Northgate-street, in the City of Chester. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS, at the Blossoms Hotel, Chester, on SATURDAY, the 2nd day of December, 1900, at Three o'clock punctually, in the following or such other lots as may be determined upon at the tune of sale, and subject to conditions to be then and there produced, the under-mentioned PROPERTY, viz. LOT 1.—The Valuable, Substantially-erected, and Convenient Freehold FAMILY RESIDENCE, situate and being No. 12, Upper Northgate-street, in the City of Chester, together with the large Garden, now in the occupation of Douglas Dobie, Esq. Possession of this Lot will be given upon comple- tion of the purchase. LOT 2.—The convenient and well-built RANGE OF STABLING adjoining Lot 1, and having an entrance from Delamere-atreet, in the City of Chester. This Lot is let to Dr. W. M. Dobie on a yearly tenancy at a rental of 1;20 per annum. For cards to view and any further information apply to the Auctioneers, Grosvenor Buildings, Chester or to Messrs. Brown & Dobie, Solicitors, 53, Northgate-street, Chester. On Saturday Next. TO MANUFACTURERS, BUILDERS, PLUMBERS AND OTHERS. Important Sale of a Valuable Roomy Business Premises and Warehouses, situate in George- street, Chester, to be SOLD BY AUCTION by MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS at the Blossoms Hotel, Chester, on SATUIIDAY, December 2nd, 1905, at Three o'clock prompt, in One Lot, and subject to conditions, the compact BUSIM ESS PREMISES, Warehouses and Macnine Shops known as the SMITHFIELD ENGINEER- ING WORKS, GEORGE-STREET, CHESTER, extending over an area of 905 Square Yards or thereabouts, and comprising Seven Large Machine Shops, Smithy, Five Storerooms, Engine-house, Cellars, Covered Yard Way and Offices. The Premises, which have been for many years used as an Engineering Works, are centrally and conveniently sitoated for railways and canals. For further particulars and appointments to view, apply to the Auctioneers Mr. Walter Conway, Chartered Accountant; or to Messrs. Potts, Potts and Gardner, Solicitors, all of Chester, On Saturday Next. NEWRY PARK, CHESTER. Highly Important Sale of Valuable Building Land, containing in the whole 5i acres or thereabouts, suitable for the erection ot Detached and Villa Residences, situate on Newry Park-road, and Grange-road, off Brook-lane, in the City of Chester. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS at the JJUL Blossoms Hotel, Cheater, on SATURDAY, the 2nd Dec., 1905, at Three o'clock punctually, in the following or such other lots as may be deter- mined upon at the time of sale, and subject to conditions to be then produced, the following Valuable FREEHOLD BUILDING SITES LOT 1.—The BUILDING SITE, situate at the end of Newry Park-road, containing 2,112 square yards or thereabouts. LOT 2.—Another SITE, adjoining Lot I and Grange-road, containing 2,112 square yards or thereabouts. LOT 3.—Another SITE, adjoining Lot 2, contain- ing 1,237 square yards or thereabouts. LOT 4.-Another SITE, adjoining, containing 10.694 square yards or thereabouts. LOT 5.-Another SITE, adjoining, containing 10,860 square yards or thereabouts. Plans and particulars and any further information may be obtained from the Auctioneers, Grosvenor Buildings; or from James C. Bate, Solicitor, Old Bank Buildings, Chester. TUESDAY NEXT, 5tb December, 1905, at 11 o'clock. AT THE SMITHFIELD, CHESTER. MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS WIN HOLD their usual WEEKLY SALE of FAT CATTLE, SHEEP, LAMBS, PIGS and CALVES. Entries respectfully solicited. Auction Offices, Grosvenor Buildings, Chester. CITY OF CHESTER. Sale of Valuable Freehold SHOP and MES- SUAGES. situate on CHRISTLETON-ROAD. MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS HAVE received instructions to SELL BY AUC- TION, at the Blossoms Hotel, Chester, on SAT- URDAY, the 9th December, 1905. at 3 p.m., in one Lot and subject to conditions to be then produced- All that DWELLING-HOUSE and BAKER'S SHOP. Nos. 11 and 13. Christleton-road, in the City of Chester, in the occupation of Mr. Jamee Mason. The Premises comprise shop. bakehouse, par- lour, kitchen, scullery, yard and w.c., four bed- rooms, storeroom, and bathroom. This Lot is held under a lease for the remainder of a term of 10 years from the 31st August, 1900, at the rent of E25 per annum. Under this lease the tenant has to pay all outgoings of every de- scription, including fire insurance. premiums. and haa to well and sufficiently repair and keep in repair both the inside and outside of the premises. For further particulars apply to the Auction- eers, Grosvenor Buildings, Chester; or to Mr. E. BRASSEY, 9, St. John-street, Chester. Solicitor to the Vendor. On WEDNESDAY, Dec. 13th, 1905. AT THE COTTAGE CHRISTLETON. MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS are favoured with instructions from the Rev. J. R. Timperley (who is leaving the district), to SELL BY AUCTION a portion of his HOUSE- HOLD FURNITURE, Outdoor and Garden Effects, Pony Turnout, Harness, Poultry, Green- house and other Plants, &c. Sale at 11 o'clock prompt. CHRISTMAS SALES by MESSRS. CUNNAH & ROBERTS at the CHESTER SMITHFIELD, December 12th. HOOTON SMITHFIELD, December 6th. PIG SALE at CHESTER SMITHFIELD, December 14th. POULTRY SALE at CHESTER SMITH. FIELD, December 19th. Early entries respectfully solicited. Sales tig Auction, -# CITY AUCTION ROOMS. WATERGATE- STREET, CHESTER. From SATURDAY NEXT. Dec. 2nd, to Dec. 9th (except Monday, Dec. 4th), 1905. ASTON & SON have received instructions from the Staffordshire Art Pottery Co., Hanley, to SELL BY PUBLIC AUCTION (without re- serve), the whole of their surplus Stock of Superior ART POTTERY. The Stock consists of 120 TOILET SETS, new shapes, beautifully decorated in art shades, floral and fancy styles. 140 TEA SETS, china and semi-porcelain, coloured, floral, plain prints, white and gold. Crown Derby, Worcester and Cobalt blue decorations. 500 SETS JUGS, all styles. 56 DINNER SETS, 6 and 12 persons, en- amelled and giit, plain prints, also printed and gilt. Teapots in endless variety. Pots and Pedestals handsomely decorated, Art Pots, Fern Pots, Fruit and Triple Trays, Hanging Pots, Cheese Stands, Figures, Busts, Vases and Plaques, White China Ware. Odd Ware. The Auctioneers! call special attention to this Sale- The Art Pottery Company have several times sent their surplus stocks to the City Auc- tion Rooms, and on each occasion the Chester public have secured great bargains. The goods will be on view each morning. Sale eaoh day at 2 o'clock and 6.30. No Sale on Monday, Deo. 4th, 1905. Experi- enced packers will be in attendance. PREPAID ADVERTISEMENTS JL OF THE FOLLOWING CLASSES :— Housno TO BE LET, APARTMENTS WANTED, HOUSES WANTED, APABTMENTS TO BE LET, SITUATIONS WANTED, MISCELLANEOUS WANTS, SITUATIONS VACANT, LOST OR FOUND, ARTICLES TO BE SOLD. are now inserted in The Chester Courant at the following rates:— NOT EXCEEDING TWENTY WORDS— ONE INSERTION 1/- TWO INSERTIONS 116 THBEB INSERTIONS 2/- NOT EXCEEDING THIBTY-FIVE WORDS— ONE INSERTION. 1/6 TWO INSERTIONS 2/6 THREE INSERTIONS 3/- o be Let. H -0, T 1ST OF RESIDENCES, ISSUED MONTHLY. SENT POST FREE ON APPLICATION TO W. & F. BROWN & CO., CABINET MAKERS & UPHOLSTERERS. EASTGATE ROW, CHESTER. TO LET. VILLA, Little Heath, Audlem; 8 rooms, including pantry, good garden and orchard, stables and coach-house. Newly decorated. Rent 220.-Applv Mrs. John Prince, Hankelow. Audlem, Nantwich 426 HOOTON LAWN.—TO LET, with four enter- taining, 11 bed and dressing-rooms. Stabling for four horses, good gardens and tennis lawns; half mile from Hooton Station.—Apply to Mr. P. Stephens, Mollington, Chester; or Messrs. Tyrer and Co., 10, Cook-street, Liverpool. go be SoIb. FARMS FOR SALE, prices PS acres. Full JP printed particulars, two stain ps.-Rutters, 10, Norfolk-street, Strand, London. W.C. X> OBT. W. KILLON, Coal Exchange Chester, XL Supplies SPAR GRAVEL, Chippings, Macadam, &c., for drives and walks; SLEEPERS and TIMBERS for fencing; Welsh and Buxton Building and Agricultural LIMES. Quotations given to any tation. Telephone 70. CHRISTMAS. NEW YEAR and PRIVATE GREETING CARDS with your own photo- graph, complete from 2s. 6d. per dozen. Specimens can be seen at G. Atkinson's, Studio, 82, Northgate- street, Chester. Photographs can be taken by powerful electric light. Studio open from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m., Wednesdays, 5 p.m. PHONOGRAPHS —Agents for "Edison," "Pathe," '"Columbia," and other makes, Prices ranging from 4/11 to 30 Guineas. A selection of over 2,000 Records. Orders by post promptly attended to. Repairs.—Note address: F. J. Jones and Son, 134, Foregate-street, Chester. Tele- phone 180. 180A. Established 1832. CART and LURRY TARPAULINS, LONG and LOIN CLOTHS for Horses, COAL and CORN SACKS, equal in price and quality to any in the kingdom. Ladders, Blocks, Pulleys, Rope of all sizes. TENTS suitable for all purposes, Decorations if required. Prompt atten- tion to enquiries either for Sale or Hire of above.— Apply DAVIES & SONS, Crane-street, Victoria- road, and 4. Coal Exchange, Chester. STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS, k3 SAW BENCHES, ETc. ELECTRIC MOTORS supplied, and connected to existing or new machinery, etc. REPAIRS to every description of Steam, Gas and Oil Engines, Motor Cars, etc. SHAFTING, PULLEYS, etc., kept in stock. LANCELEYS, ENGINEERS, CHESTER POUND DEAD! RAT POISON.—Farmers say it is the best ever used; rats are found dead. Also Poison for dressing stacks for Mice, and Poison for Moles.—In boxes, Is. 2d., 2s., 3s., post free, of Sanford and Son, Sandy. Sold by Chemists. SHantetL WANTED, cheerful LADY as PAYING GUEST small payment if domesticated.— Particulars O 26, "Courant" Office, Chester. 444 FARM WANTED, lOO to 200 acres by practical farmer; would take stock.—George, 11, Brandreth-road, Balham. HOUSEKEEPER REQUIRED; superior JH person to manage small private house. State age, references, and salary required.—Address N 40, office of this paper. REQUIRED, by Lady, BOARD-RESIDENCE, JtAj in gentleman s family; clergyman's or doctor's preferred.—Particulars B 31, "Courant" Office, Chester. 445 WANTED, for country, very good PLAIN COOK, age 30-35, good character Church. Four servants and between girl. Small dairy and baking. Wages £ 32, and all found.—Apply Mrs. Girardot, Rose Hill, Ruabon. 433 l&g&rojs, otds, &r. QRAIGSIDE HYDRO, LLANDUDNO. IDEAL WINTER RESIDENCE. LUXURIOUS BATHS (Turkish, Russian and Electric). TENNIS. GOLF LINKS NEAR. EVENING ENTERTAINMENTS. R. E. MUNRO, Manager. FINEST HEALTH RESORT IN NORTH WALES. RHOS ABBEY HOTEL, COLWYN BAY. Facing the Sea. Pure, bracing air. Delightful climate. Charming scenery. Water supply and sanitation perfect. Elegant apartments. Every home comfort. High-class Cuisine. 'Bus meets principal trains. Excellent Golf Links by the sea within half a mile. Charming Grounds, Croquet, etc. Apply FR. MEIER, Proprietor. CHESTER STEAM LAUNDRY, VICTORIA ROAD (CLosB BY THE NORTHGATE STATION). All the arrangements are on the most approved modern system for Washing, Ironing, Drying, Packing, &c., and the management most efficient. W. H. LIPSHAM, Secretary & General Manager. (Chester Steam Laundry Co., Ltd.) TELEPHONE No. 411. fjg" Inspection is specially invited on any day excepting Mondays and Saturdays. RHEUMATISM. BLAIR'S GOUT PILLS. The only Remedy that relieves all and Cureslall Rheumatic complaints. Sure, safe and effectual. All Chemists & Stores, Is. lid. and 2s. 9d. per box. BAKER & SONS, FANCY BREAD JJAKERS & QONFECTIONERS, BRIDE QAKE MAKERS. Tklkpho™ No. 47. T "EAKER3' BEG TO CALL ATTENTION TO THE FIRST SUPPLY. CHRISTMAS PLUM PUDDINGS, MINCE MEAT, GAME PIES, PRESSED BEEF, GALANTINES OF TURKEY, JELLIES, CREAMS, GATEAUX, ICE PUDDINGS, &c. BALL SUPPERS, RECEPTIONS, ESTIMATES GIVEN. LUNCHEONS SERVED DAILY FROM TWELVE O'CLOCK. PLATE, CUTLERY, GLASS & LINEN ON HIRE. BRIDGE STREET, CHESTER. FINE OLD IRISH & SCOTCH I WHISKIES, 1 OF HIGHEST QUALITY & GREAT AGE. From 32/- to 48/- per doz. 1 QUELLYN ROBERTS & CO. WINE MERCHANTS, THE OLD CRYPT CELLARS, CHESTER. THE CHESHIRE SHEAF Antiquarian Column. The Proprietors of the COURANT have pleasure in announcing that THE CHESHIRE SHEAF, a favourite feature in past years, will be revived in these Columns, commencing WEDNESDAY, 3RD JANUARY NEXT. The Editor of the CHESHIRE SHEAF is MR. WM. FERGUSSON IRVINE, F.S,A., Hon. Secretary of the Record Society. The Cheshire and North Wales Antiquarian contributions, notes and queries, which will appear regularly each week, will be of much interest.' MR. IRVINE will be glad to receive contributions from anyone interested in matters historical and antiquarian. His Address is: 56, PARK ROAD SOUTH, BIRKENHEAD. YOU CAN GET GENUINE pot still WHISKY PURE MALT, 10 YEARS OLD, By Asking in the Best Licensed Houses for 00 OLD ORKNEY. Ask your Wine Merchant to Send for Sample. STROMNESS DISTILLERY, ORKNEY, SCOTLAND. in sijn ♦^KEIEE OFFICE. *0 £ D Funds in Hand-L2,563,000. For all particulars apply to the following Agents:- CHESTER MESSRS. CHEERS & HOPLEY, 6, Northgate-street. MESSRS. W. DENSON & SON, Northgate. MALPAS MR. THOMAS MULLOCK, Cuddinvton Heath. ELLESMEBEPORT Mr. R. B. BLAYNEY.
DIARY OF COMING ENGAGEMENTS. Nov. 29, te.Sherlock Holmes" at Royalty Theatre 29-Wirral Board of Guardians. 29-Frodsham. Petty Sessions. 29-Chester Union Education Committee. „ 29-Flintshire Education Committee. 29-Denbighshire and Flintshire Agricultural Society's Meeting. 3O-Connah's Quay Petty Sessions. „ 30-Chester Cattle Fair. 30-Ch-ster Horse Fair. 30-Lecture at Museum. Dec. I-Chester Science and Art SchooLs-Distribu- tion of Prizes. 2-Chester District Council. 4-Buckky Petty Sessions.
0 UNDER WHICH BANNER? It was all very well and doubtless inspirit- ing for the Radical brass band at Stirling 0 to rend the air with the strains of The Campbells are coming," out of compliment to their accredited chiettain, but the events of the past few days must have made a large number of that party begin to question whether the Campbell clan is going to come into power after all. Of his early accession to office Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman apparently entertains no doubt, but in his Stirling speech he committed an indiscretion which may make all his labour lost and may crush his high hopes. Flushed with the prospect of seeing his party returned in an overwhelming majority at the General Election, Sir Henry, in a burst of confidence which he perhaps now deplores, committed himself body and soul into the hands of the Irish Nationalists. The only way," he said, of healing the evils of Ireland, of solving the difficulties of her administration and giving content and prosperity to her people, and of making her a strength instead of a weakness to the Empire was that the Irish people should have the management of their own domestic affairs." The Unionist objection that the Irish are not fit to be trusted with self-government he derided as a scarecrow out of which the stuffing had been knocked, and in further elaboration of his policy he declared that if he were asked for advice by an ardent Irish Nationalist, "he would say that his desire was to see the effective management of Irish affairs in the hands of a representative Irish authority." He also added a hint to the Irish Nationalists that, if they were offered an instalment of representative control, they! should thankfully accept it, provided it was consistent and led up to the larger policy." This clear and candid declaration means Home Rule undiluted, or it means nothing, It means a surrender of the British Radical party to the powers of Irish Nationalism. Mr. Redmond has cracked the whip, and the obedient Radicals are coming to heel. If there was any reason for believing that the Radical party in England, Scotland and Wales solidly would follow Sir Henry Camp- bell-Bannerman in his intended leap in the dark into the fatal morass of Home Rule, where they have been floundering for the past twenty years, the outlook would be grave indeed. Already, however, there are indications that the saner section of that party will not follow this reckless lead. Lord Rosebery is still a factor to be reckoned with in British politics, for all his lengthened seclusion in his lonely furrow, and he has lost no time in entering his protest against this revival of Home Rule in the official Radical programme. Speaking in Cornwall, on Saturday, on the necessity of unity within the party if they were to secure victory at the General Election, Lord Rosebery said the responsible head of the Liberal party had "hoisted once more in its most pronounced form the flag of Irish Home Rule." His lordship had entertained grave misgivings on a perusal of a summarised report of the Stirling speech the previous day, but on studying a full report of Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman's pronouncement, he now con- demned it in emphatic terms. I object," he said, to the raising of the banner of j Home Rule-not merely because of high constitutional objections founded on the experience, the recent experience, of foreign European countries, but also because of my belief as to what will really conduce to the welfare of the Irish people itself; but I object to it mainly on this occasion for this reason, that it impairs the unity of the Free Trade Party, and that it indefinitely post- pones discussion on social and educational reforms on which the country has set its heart. I then will say no more on this subject except to say emphatically and explicitly, and once for all, that I cannot serve under that banner." The audience cheered this outspoken avowal of Lord Rosebery's intentions with regard to the Irish question, and it remains to be seen how many will follow his banner be seen how many will follow his banner throughout the country. A considerable section of the Radical party, we know, are sick to death of the eternal Irish question, and the more Imperially-minded among them will be glad of this excuse to shelve the matter indefinitely. There are, on the other hand, many members of the party who are convinced Home Rulers, and there are not a few who will support the policy, because they feel that, without the assistance of the Irish Brigade at St. Stephen's, all hope of a Radical Administration may be abandoned. Mr. Redmond for his part may be trusted to keep the Radical party up to the mark which he has prescribed as the price of the Nationalist support. With him there is no shilly-shally, no hedging or trimming. Unless the Radicals as a party obey the bidding of the Irish dictator, the Nationalist vote is withdrawn from their side of the house. The position of the Opposition leader is in the last degree unenviable, but the delicacy of the situation will be sufficient to keep Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman fully employed, and will add to his bitterness by leaving him no time to gloat over the imaginary split in the Unionist party on the Fiscal question.
LOCAL RELIEF WORKS. With a flourish of trumpets it was announoed on Friday that Earl Carrington wished to sub- scribe two hundred guineas to the Queer's Un- employed Fund, under novel conditions, which betray a certain unconscious 'humour. These were that, instead of sending a cheque for the amount, his lordship proposed to expend that sum on wages for fourteen men at High Wy- oombe at the standard rate of pay for unskilled labour in that district. Then, as if the opening of relief works on a landowner's estate were quite an original idea, Earl Carrington, in his letter, proceeded to explain how the influx of unemployed into London might be diminished if landlords in the country would start relief works on their own estates. All this is very interesting, but it is a pity the noble Earl did not take the trouble to ascertain whether he was really the pioneer of this philanthropic effort. His lord- ship's .contribution to the Unemployed Fund, in th3 form of work for fourteen men, is acoeptablc, and will be thankfully received by a grateful public, but the impression must not get abroad that he is the first landowner to render assistance in this way. If enquiries were instituted, it would be found doubtless that the same laudable work has been in operation on many other estates for a considerable time past. In the neighbourhood of Chester, at all events, the public are fully cog- nisant of relief given in periods of distress with- I out ostentation on the Eaton property. Many years ago, when a wave of trade depression swept over the country, the late Duke of West- minster gave employment to about a 'hundred dis- tressed Chester men, by the construction of a new road through a rock cutting near Eceleston. Our neighbours in FlinMiire will remember also that during the acute distress of last winter in the Flint district, the Duke of Westminster opened relief works on the Halkyn estate on an extensive scale. The undertaking consisted in the formation of a new road, and extended over a period of five months. From enquiries which we have made into the matter, we find that a party of men, varying from fifty to over seventy, some of them able-bodied, others advanced in years, but all on the verge of starvation, received steady employment and regular wages in this way, the wages bill representing a sum of about JB800, and the total expenditure of the scheme being approximately £ 1,150. On the Eaton es- tate, also last winter, work was given to a score of unemployed men. This occupation lasted from October, 1904, to January of the ppeeent year. Last October again work was found for 25 unem- ployed, work which is still in progress. As the wagee paid range from 16a. to 18s. per man per week, it will be seen that about £ 20 per week has been spent on local relief works, without tak- ing into account the more expensive scheme at Halkyn. All this has been done without adver- tisement of the fact, and in drawing attention now to tho inauguration of relief works, we are prompted by a desire, not to proclaim it to tiho world, but to shew that this so-called new scheme started by Earl Carrington at High Wycombe is by no means a IIJJOvdtyto the owners of landed property in England. In addition to the sub- stantial assistance which the Duke of Westminster has given in the form of local relief works, it will be seen from a paragraph elsewhere that his Grace has now sent the munificent contribution of £5,000 to the Queen's Unemployed Fund. 0
With the beginning of the new year the "Cheshire Sheaf," that valuable antiquarian feature of the "Courant" in past years, will be revived under the able editorship of Mr. W. Fergusson Irvine, of Birkenhead. TJian Mr. Irvine no one is better qualified for this work, and we trust that those of our readers who are able to ass/let with, the con- tribution of notes or queries or other suitable material will plaice themselves in communication with him or with us. With the material at his dispcsal Mr. Irvine may be relied upon to compile a highly interesting and instruc- tive "Sheaf."
One of the reasons for the decline of British trade advanoed by a certain school of politicians who believe in letting things remain as they are, 'is that the British manufacturer produces too good and substantial an article, which is expen- sive and oannot hope to compete with the cheaper product of the American or Continental maker. The British craftsman, it is said, manu- factures not for time but for eternity, while his foreign rival produoes an article that is cheap enough and will serve its day and generation. We .have never been able to concur in this view of the situation, our belief being that, given fair play, the British manufacturer can hold his own against all-comers in tho quality of his products, and is also oapable of adapting his wares to the requirements of his customers. As shewing that the reason quoted above for the sluggish state of our trade is not (held in all quarters, a witness in the City of London Court the other day gave ex- pression to the following solemn conviction:- "English bottles are of very inferior make. English firms make them out of old windows and dirty, old stuff, in fact, anything. Tha.t is one of the reasons why so much trade goes out of the country." Obviously both views cannot be correct. On the one hand the British manu- facturer is accused of making his goods too well, too durable and too dear. On the other hand he is charged with placing on the market inferior stuff which cannot stand foreign competition. Upon which horn of the dilemma do these critics elect to take their seat?
LOCAL NEWS. CHESTER CATHEDRAL. SERVICE LIST FOR WEEK COMMENCING NOV. 29. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER MTH.—Morning, 7.45: Matins and Holy Cotiiiiiuiiiori. I'1.15 The Litany hymn 538. Evening, 4.15: Service, Haltoa in E; anthem, "It came even to pass (Ousele.v). THURSDAY, Nov KM UK A 30TH (St. Andrew, A.M. Inter- cession for Missions).—Morning, 8.0 Holy Communion. 1". 15: Service, Sullivan in 0; Athanasian Creed; anthem, Give ear (Arnus). 11.15: Holy Communion. Evening. 4.16 Processional hymn, <33 Servioe, Prout in D anthem, •• Lovely appear" (Uounod). 8.0: Special Service of Inter- cession for Missions hymns 217, 365 preacher, the Rev. H. A. Arnold, M A. FRIDAY, DKCKMBBR IST.-Morninz, 7.4." Matins and Holy Communion. 10.15: The Litany; hymn liiJ. Even- ing, 4.15 Service, Kelway in lllllillor; anthem, "OSaviour of the world (Goss). SATLRDAX, DECEMBER 2sD.-Morning, &0: Holy Com- munion. it'.lo: Service, Rogers in D; anthem, "Comfort 0 Lord" (Ci-ot-h). Evening. 4.15: Service, Rogers in D; anthem, Lord Thou art God" (Stainer). SUNDAY, DKCRMHKK Snn (1st Sunday in Advent).—Morn- ing, 8.0: Litany and Holy Communion. 10.30: Stewart in C; introit, hymn 47. Holy Communion, Merbecke; preacher, the Canon in Residence. Evening, 3.30: Service, Attwood in C; anthem, "Comfort ye, &e." (Handel); hymn t i. 6 30: Magrillicar, and Nuno Dimittis to Chants; Processional hymn, 205 hymns 48. 54, 203 preacher, the Dean hymn 31/8, sung kneeling before the Benediction.
Mr. Lloyd-George, M.P., who is suffering from a bronchial affection, has left North Wales for a three weeks' stay in Italy. Katharine Duchess of Westminster and Lady Helen Grosvenor have left town on a short visit to Lord Henry Grosvenor, at Tittensor Chase, Stoke- upon-Trent. The Lord Bishop of Chester renewed his associa- tions with Leeds on Monday, when he preached at a special service and spoke at a public meeting in connection with the annual festival of the Leeds branch of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. Katharine Duchess of Westminster, and her daughter, Lady Helen Grosvenor, are staying at their house in South-street, and will remain there for a few days. They came to London from Com- bermere Abbey to say farewell to Viscountess Cnchton, who has just sailed for India. A marriage has been arranged between John Humphreys, Portmadoc, North Wales, second son of the late Edward Humphreys, Ruthven, Denbigh- shire, and nephew of the late John Humphrey- Jones, Penrallt, Llanbedr, North Wales, and Geraldine Mary (Manie), second surviving daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. Clark Russell, 9, Sydney-place, Bath. The Duke and Duchess of Westminster met with an enthusiastic reception on their arrival at the Duke's estate in the Orange River Colony. Accom- panied by Colonel Byron, the agent on the property, they drove to the different farms and ahatted freely with the settlers. In reply to an address from the tenants, who, all mounted on horseback, greeted the distinguished visitors at the boundary of the estate, the Duke expressed his determination to make the settlement second to none in the country.— Manchester Courier." INFIRMARY LEGACIES.—The Secretary of the Chester General Infirmary begs to acknowledge with thanks the receipt of the following legacies:- B450 bequeathed by the late Miss S. A. Bryars, and J6500 by the late Mr. John Ramsden, per Messrs- Birch, Cullimore and Douglas. Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley is on a round of visits in Scotland. Mr. R. W. Jones, of the District Probate Registry staff, has been appointed chief clerk, in succession to the late Mr. diaries Edwards. The marriage of Miss Bate, daughter of Mr. Bate, Kelsterton, to Mr. Charlton, Oakenholt Hall, has been fixed for the 3rd of January next. The Marquis and Marchioness of Cholmondeley are staying at Cholmondeley Castle, where they are entertaining a few friends for hunting and shooting. On Wednesday Lady Royden reopened the Diocesan Bazaar which was held in St. George's Hall, Liverpool. Sir Thomas B. Royden presided. Lady Mary Criohton and the Hon. Mrs. Derek Keppel have left England for Paris and Marseilles, en route for India, to join Viscount Crichton and the Hon Derek Keppel, who aro doing duty on the Staff of the Prince of Wales. Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, C.B., the Lord- Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire, has returned to Wynnstay after his annual autumn visit to his Merioneth residence at Glanllyn, Balla. The popu- lar Baronet was accompanied home by his daughter, Miss Williams Wynn, and is enjoving excellent health after a successful period of shooting on his abundantly-stocked Glanllyn Moors. MILITARY POLICE FOR CREWE.—It was stated at Crewe on Friday by Inspector Smart, who prosecuted a soldier for being drunk at Crewe Station, that in consequence of the very large number of soldiers who got into trouble at Crewe the War Office had sent down a number of military police to be on duty at the railway station in order to quell the rowdyism which continually took place on the station between soldiers. THE LATE MR. R. LL. JONES.-A gratify- ing response has been made to the appeal for sub- scriptions to provide a memorial to the late Mr. R. Llewellyn Jones, of Rhyl, who was one of the leading public men in the county. Over £100 has already been received, and it is proposed to place a portrait of Mr. Jones in the County Council Chamber at Mold, and with the balance to found scholarships. POST-OFFICE PROMOTION.—Many Ces- trions will be pleased to bear that Mr. J. B. Har- ris, formerly of the Chester Post-office, has been promoted from the postmastership of Newtown to that of Bangor, in succession to Mr. D. Jones, who has gone to Stafford. Mr. Harris has been postmaster of Nowtown nearly two years, having been promoted from chief clerk at Chester in Jan. 1904. During the two and a half years he was in Chester he made himself most popular, so much so that on his departure his colleagues made him the recipient of handsome presenta- tions. The ceremony took place at the Blossoms Hotel, and was attended by Mr. James, the pre- sent postmaster, and Mr. Cartlidge, his predeces- sor, both of whom spoke in high terms of Mr. Harris's abilities. MRS. BEERHBOHM TREE.-Messrs. Phillip- son and Golder have made arrangements for this distinguished actress to give a dramatic recital at a matinee in Chester Music Hall on January 5th. The engagement is counted as the most important attraction of the season. RESULT OF THE CYCLE PARADE.-The committee of the Chester Cycle Parade, at a meeting held on Thursday, made the following grants from the proceeds of the parade and carnival held on Wednesday. November 8th Chester General Infirmary, £ 45; Chester Horse Ambulance, £10; Chester Skin Dispensary, £ 5; and the Nursing Institute, Water Tower Street, £ 5 WILL OF DR. KELLETT SMITH.—Among the latest wills proved is the followingDr. Joseph Kellett Smith, of Hill View, WestKirby, Cheshire, physician and surgeon, J.P. for the city of Liver- pool, chairman of the Hoylake and West Kirby Waterworks, and a well-known Freemason, one of the founders, and hon. consulting surgeon of the Stanley Hospital, Liverpool, a native of Yeadon, Yorks (bequeated 91,000 to the trustees of the Stanley Hospital, Stanley-road, Liverpool, to be invested by the committee, and the income devoted to the endowment of a bed in the "Kellett Smith Ward"); £ 68,200. TRAM COLLISION: LADY INJURED.— Between five and six o'clock on Thursday an alarming accident occurred in fjrosvenor-road near the Cemetery, by the collision of a London and North-Western Railway lurry with a tramcar. The horse attached to the lurry, while about. to meet the car, which was coming from the opposite direction, suddenly turned in the front of the car. The driver of the car was unable to prevent, a collision, and tho shaft of tho lurry penetrated tho front panel of the car and struck a lady who was seated inside, causing injury which necessitated imme- in diate medical attention. After being attended by Dr. Nowall, the unfortunate lady, whewe name is Mies Broughton, a resident of St. Mark's-terrace, Saltney, was conveyed home in a cab. DENBIGHSHIRE REVOLT.-The assistant teachers of East Denbighshire met at the Victoria Schools, Wrexham, on Saturday morning further to consider the situation in the eastern division of Denbighshire, where an unfortunate dispute has arisen between the teachers and the Denbighshire Education Committee with regard to the conditions of employment. The meeting was a very repre- sentative one, and assistants from almost all the schools in the district were present. The pro- ceedings were private.—A correspondent states that Messrs. E. Wykes, of Rhosddu. and D. E. Rees, of Glyn Ceiriog, reported that on the previous Satur- day they waited upon the Denbighshire Staff and Supply Committee at Chester, and the Chairman (Mr. D. S. Dayies) expressed his sympathy with the teachers and informed them that their grievances would be considered at a meeting to be specially summoned for the purpose. After a long discussion the teachers agreed to ask the County Staff and Supply Committee to adopt a scale of salaries by January 1st next. A WAYWARD YOUTH.-On Saturday, at the City Police Court, the Mayor and Mr. J. M. Frost had before them a youth named Henry Hughes, aged 20, who had bet-n summoned for trespassing on the General Rail- way Station, and using obscene language there. Mr. J. Fenna appeared to prowoute.-Dennis Battv man, a railway constable, said that on October 30th he saw defendant touting for passengers' luggage and trying to sell papers in the station. He used obscene language and several passengers oomplained about it.—Mr. C. Wright, police- court. missionary, pleaded on behalf of defendant. Ho asked the Bench to give him a chance. He was prepared to send defendant on Monday to a home.—The Mayor said it was very satisfac- tory to find defendant in a repentant mood, and was inclined to turn over a new leaf. The Bench were inclined to give him an opportunity of mending.—The Chief Constable (Mr. J. H. Lay- bourrae) pointed out that there were previous con- victions against defendant. He suggested that the best course was to bind him over to come up for judgment if called upon.—Defendant was ac- cordingly bound over in the sum of £ 5. MARRIAGE OF A CHESTER LADY.-There was a quiet wedding on Thursday at St. Mar- garet s Church, Westminster, the occasion being the marriage of Mr. Charles John Potter, of Heafcon Hall, Newcastle, son of the late Colonel Addison Potter, C.B., and Mr". Edith Fluitr widow of Mr. A. Randill Fluitt, of Chester, and daughter of the late Mr. Robert Roberts, of Ovorleigh, Chester. The service was fully choral, and the churc-h decorated with palms, chrysanthe- mums, and lilies. The ceremony was conducted by the Rev. T. A. Sha>rroch, vicar of Hodnet. Tho bride entered the church by the "Speaker's Door," being met by her mother, Mrs. Robert Roberts, of Chester, who conducted her to the chancel entrance, and then gave her away. Mrs. Fluitt wore a travelling gown of petunia-coloured cloth, ornamented with laoe, and hat of palo mauve chiffon, and sable stole. Among those £ resent at tho ohurch were MTS. Lee, Master oe, Dr. and Mrs. Bamber, Miss Potter, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Reynolds, Mr. and Mrs. A. M. Palmer, Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Potter, Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds, Mrs. Sharroch, Mis, Roberts Sir Herman Hodge, etc. Early in the afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Charles J. Potter left for their honeymoon tour. The presents numbered 300, and were handsome and costly. BRABAZON SALE OF WORK.—Tho annual sale of woik organised by the Chester branch of tiio Brabazon Employment Society was held on Ihursday afternoon in the Assembly Room, New- gate-strecft. The society, which was founded by Lady Brubazon, has for a number of vears car- ried on a philanthropic work among the aged and infirm inmatos of workhouses by providing them with useful and rcerc-ativo employment to relievo the dullness and monotop.y of their life. Tho poor people have always gladly welcomed this effort. the scope of which has been so enlarged year by year that it now embraces the whole of the coun- try. In Chester the work has flourished for somo J ears, thanks to tho fostering iniluenco of tho Hon. Mrs. Trelawny. who recently relinquished the presidency; weekly visits being pajd to the workhouse by a committee of local ladies, who supervise tho industry of the poor people in the making of various articles of clothing, etc. The goods made each year in this manner find a ready sale, tho proceeds of which go to provide working material and useful presents for the poor who produce them.. From the large, quantity of stock displayed for sale on this occasion it was evident that the work is as popular and productive as ever. Tho ladies who assisted in the disposal of tho goods were Miss Massie. Miss Lilian Tre- lawny, Miss Hillvard. the Misses Shand, Miss Darby and Mrs. Warmsley. Mrs. Reginald Potts kindly provided the tea. MISS MABEL RICHARDSON'S RECITAL. —A large audience assembled at the Temperance Hall, George-street, on Wednesday evening, to hear a dramatic recital by Miss Mabel Richard- son. The proceeds were in aid of the Georgo- atroet Primitive Methodist Church Debt Reduc- tion Scheme. In her performance of an exacting programme Miss Richardson revealed elocution- ary powers of a high order, and her appearance was the maro welcome from the fact that she is a Chester laxly. The skill with which sho was able to move her audienoo to mirth was equally suc- cessful in stirring the deepest emotions in her expressive interpretation of pieces full of tender sentiment or intense dramatic power. Faultless enunciation, grace and fluency of delivery, and broadth of expression were qualites that combined with a natural charm of manner to mako her performance a distinct triumph of elocutionary art. Her selections wore as follow:—"Lesson of tho Water Mill" (S. Doudney), "The Execution of Montrose" (Aytown), "Queen Mab's Speech" (Shakespeare), "Parrhasius" (Willis), "The Cap- tain" (Tennyson), "I and my Father-in-law," "Tho Burial March of Dundee" (Aytown), "Gherchez la Femme," "The Last Token," "Jaokdaw of Rheims" (Ingoldsby Legends), "A Telephone Oonveisation." The vocal contributions of Mr. H. Phipps (tenor) and Mr. Davies Hayes (bass) made a pleasurable addition to the programme, Miss Lena Adams acting as accompanist. BOY'S SINGULAR DEATH.-On Saturday afternoon the Chester coroner (Mr. E. Brassey), held an inquest at the Bull anci Stirrup Hotel, Northgate Street, Chester, on the body of Thomas Williams, aged nine years, son of Edward Williams, labourer, 24, Chapel Lane. It appeared that deceased went to school on Thursday morning and returned home for dinner. He then complained of pains in his bead. He was put to bed, and as he became worse Dr. Welsh was sent tor Just before the arrival of the doctor at 5.30 p.m. he died. Dr. Welsh said m his evidence that on making a post- mortem examination be found that death was due to an intestinal obstruction by the tucking of one portion of the bowel into another. This was rare in a boy of that age, but common in babies. Questioned by the Coroner as to the state of the body, witness said the deceased boy was of somewhat healthy external appearance, but there was practically no fat on the body.—Inspector Hayward, N.S.P.C.C., was present, and was invited by the Coroner to ask any questions he desired. He elicited from the doctor that the condition of the house was "decidedly bad."—Emily Williams, the mother, in reply to the Coroner, said her husband was in employment, but was not working full time. He worked only two days last week. She also went out to work. She had had twelve children, and gave some particulars concerning the four she had lost. In respect of one (Reginald, aged three months), there was an inquest. —Inspector Hayward Who looks after the children when you are out ? Witness My daughter, who is nearly fifteen, looks after the baby. I always look after the children going to school. I come home at dinner and tea time.—The Coroner: It has been reported the children are dirty. What have you to say ?—Witness said she did all she eould for them.—The Coroner, in summing up, advised Mrs. Williams and her husband to be very careful about their future conduct. The doctor had said the deceased was dirty, and there was no fat on him. They sympathised entirely with the poverty-stricken condition of the family. It might or might not be their fault. One thing was quite certain. Some day there might be a misfortune at their house, and people might not look upon the thing so lightly as the jury would probably do that day. Soap and water was cheap enough, and they ought to keep themselves clean if they did not get enough food to eat.—A verdict in accordance with the medical evidence was returned, and the mother left the room crying. -Detective-Sergt. Crewe mentioned that the father of the deceased was a man who would work, but work was slack at present.
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NOTIOE TO CORRESPONDENT VIVISECTION IMPEACHED.-A letter by Mr. T. A. Williams, the anti-vivisection lecturer, in reply to Mr. J. H. Howitt's letter, reached us too late for insertion in this issue, and is held over.—EDITOR.
THE INFIRMARY CHRISTMAS TREE, TO THB EDITOR. many years you have extended to us the privilege of your columns to enable us to appeal to your readers on behalf of the many patients who will spend their Christmas in the Infirmary. It is our custom to give an entertainment and provide a Christmas tree, which have always been heartily ap- preciated by the patients, especially by the children. Gifts of money toys, and articles of clothing will be gratefully acknowledged. We shall be very glad too, if some friends would send evergreens for decorations. I should like to have all contributions sent to me, please, not later than December 22nd.— Yours faithfully, EDITH ADDIS, General Infirmary, Chester*"5,
A PLEA FOR THE CHILDREN. TO THE EDITOB. Si"_Q.i.tly and unostentatiously the work of tho Church of England Waifs' and Strays' Society of which his Majesty the King is patron, has grown to be one of the largest organiSiations in the country for the welfare of homeless and desti- tute ctnioren. It is now nearly twenty-five years since the work was started in a poor parish in South London. The ono small Homo which mariced its origin; is now represented by no less than ninety-three Homc-s scattered th-roughout England and. Wales, in addition to two Emigra- tion Homie3 in Caiiada, and' others affiliated. During its existence over 11.000 destitute and cruolly-treated little ones have been provided with homes. Nearly 8,000 have already passod through the society's hand's, and with very few exceptions are now earning their living as respectable citi- zens. Tho following are typical of many sad cases helped by tho societyA little girl of five. Father ldlo and drunken, already convicted! several times for burglary. Mother respectable, but is entirely broken in health, owing to her husband's treatment. When out of prison, he traces her whereabouts, breaks up too litde home, and sells whatever furniture, etc., she may pos- sess. The poor woman lias struggled hard to sup- port herself and children, but in consequence of her privations (frequently starving herself so that her little ones should have food, and working long hours) she is rapidly going into a decline Another little girl, aged six. Left on the hands ot au old woman, aged 75, and an epileptic daughter. Miserably poor and squalid surround- ings and closeted together in one small loom. Until quite recently tho child has been kept in tho room, without fiesh air or exercise, never seeing or mixing with other children —A bey of eleven. Mother dead. Father recently killed in. an accident. Six children left destitute, rather above the Poor-Jaw class, but with no relatives in a position to assist. This lad is particularly irk need of firm and kindly d'saipluie, if he is to. be- come a respectable and useful member of society. —A girl of eight. Father unknown. Mother a disreputable character. Sunoundings of a most I ina- dangerous nature. It needs no great imagina- tion to realise what the ultimate fato of this poor child would have been had she not been rescued by tho society.Tho last few ycai-s have seen a. vetv rapid glwth and expansion of the society's operat.ons. Several additional Hom0.5 have been opened, and the number of applications received has very largely increased. Very little is spent in advertisement, and consequently tlie soiiety has not boen brought piomincntlv to public notice; nevertheless the fact remains that a great and noble work for children has been, and is being, done by the society in a quiet way. Its operations unfortunately arc greatly handicapped at the present moment by a large deficit on the gxniera! fund, accumulated during the summer* months, which now exceeds £ 4,500. Advantage- ous opportunities an' continually occurring for opening new Homes, but. the society is prevented from availing itself of them solely from want of funds. To lessen the responsibility of the Execu- tive Committee, and to enable the society to con- tinue its benevolent efforts on behalf of "destitute and cruelly-treated little ones, wo earnestly ap- peal to all lovers of children for immediate help to extinguish the debt. Donations will be grate- fully received by the Rev.. E. de M. Rudolf, Secretary. Waifs and Strays, Savoy-street, Lon- don, W.C. Bankers, Lloyds' Bank, St. James's- strie: Branch. A F. LONDON. President of Executive. F. 13. JACKSON. 17 of Executive. E. de M. RUDOLF. Soeictaiy.
"A WALK ROUND THE WALLS." TO THE EDITOR. Sir,-I read with pleasure the interesting re- port of a meeting of the Chester and North Wales Archajological Society in your issue of the 21st ult. There is, however, one point about which I have a few words to say, namely, the date of Braun's Map of Chester which is given as 1572- Hemingway, in his "History of Chester," vol. 2 p. 230, says that Braun's map was published i" 1574, but does not give hia authority. In Oougti's "British Topography," 1780, vol. 1, p. 255, it is stated "The oldest plan of Chester is in Braunii cavitates, P. III., 1581, and may be the engraved plan done early in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, mentioned by Dr. Cowper, in a- note on II Penseroso," an contemplation in St. John's Churchyard. Chester, p. 8. This map is one of the first set of maps of England collected by Christopher Saxton, of Yorkshire, who spent nine years in travelling over the whole kingdom, of which he made a general survey, and separate ones of the oounties. Harrison in his "Description of Britain," p. 55, cited by Tanner, Art. Saxton, says he began with Kent, which he surveyed and published in 1575; but this is a mistake, for Norfolk, Oxford, Buck- ingham, and Berk Shires, are dated 1574. The general map, with those of Northumberland, Wales, ajid Denbighshire are dated 1579; and Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex are included in that of Kent. The map of the county of Chester, "CeatriiB oomitatus (Romanus legioni- bus et eoloniis olim insignis vera et abso- lute descriptio, C. Saxton del. F. Scatter c" Sc. 1577, wants the hundreds, which are added, with a plan of the city in Speed's maps." The hundreds are distinguished in very few of Sanc- ton's maps; several of them have no engraver's name the rest are executed by Cornelius Hogius, Remigius Hogenbergius, Leonard Trevoot, of Antwerp, Francis Scatterus, Augustine Ryther, and William Burrough. There is some account of Remigius Hogenbergius in Strype's "Life of Parker," p. 541. Hogonbergius engraved the map of Lancashire in 1577, and by that map one is enabled to fix the date before which the Chapel on Walney Island and other ancient chapels in North Lancashire were built. The fact that it took one many months to trace the authority for Canon Raine's statement in "Notitia Cestriensis," vol. 2, No. 3, p. 517, that Walney Chapel was built before 1577 prompts me to give the authority for that statement, viz. Gough's "British Topography," and for the date 1815 in reference to Braun's Map of the City of Chester. Since Canon Raine compiled the "Notitia. Cestriensis," another authority, viz., tho Catalogue of the Printed Maps, Plane and Charts in the British Museum published in 1885, gives the date 1579 for the Atlas containing, a general and 34 county maps of England and Wales, Saxton dose. A. Ryther sculp, but it would be impossible for all those maps to baN," been engraved in the year 1579, and thl1.s the nine years in which Saxton's work was in pro- gress covered the time from 1574 to 1583. In the printed copy of Braun's Map of the City oi Chester published by Canon Morris in his"Cheeter during the Pl&ntagenet and Tudor Periods," op- posite p. 528, he gives the date as between 1572 and 1618, but there can be no doubt that 1581 as given by Gough is the actual date when the Map of the City of Chester was engraved and not 1572. A print of Saxton's valuable Map of the City of Chester is in the Public Reference Library at Chester, framed in oak from Matthew Henry's Chapel.—YOUTS, etc., HARPER GAYTHORPE, F.S.A., Scot. Barrow-in-Furness, 22nd Nov., 1905.
UNIONISM IN EDDISBURY. Colonel Cotton-Jodrell, C.B., the prospective Unionist can- didate for the Eddisbury division, on December Oth, will spealc at Church Minshull, and on the following day at Waverton. Particulars cf time and place will be found in our advertisement columns. PROFESSOR ELLIS ED WARDS.-Professor Ellis Edwards, of the Bala Theological College, who was recently thrown down by an electric car at Chester, has sufficiently recovered from the effects of the ascident to leave the Chester Infirmary, and he is at present staying with his brother, Dr. Edwards, at Mold. Although Professor Edwards is very much better, his medical attendants have ordered him to rest for some time. He will not be able to resume his duties at the college this year, and he will also have to cancel his preaching snd lecturing engagements until the beginning of next year. CHESTER PUBLIC LIBRARY.-The follow- ing is the return of the issue of books for the week ending Nov. 25th, 1905Lending department: Religion and philosophy, 4; sociology, 0; arts, sciences and natural history, 42; history, biography, geography and travels, 20; poetry and the drama, 4 prose fiction, 787 miscellaneous literature, 5 juvenile literature, 166 total, 1028. Reference department: Religion and philosophy, 3; sociology, 3; arts, sciences and natural history, 20; history, biography, geography and travels, 19; poetry and the drama, 1; encyclopaedias, dictionaries, etc., 244 miscellaneous literature, 11; total, 300; com- bined total, 1,328; daily average (lending depart- ment), 200; daily average (reference department), 50; combined daily average, 256.