COUNTY POLICE COURT. I SATURDAY.—Before Mr. Trelawny, the Hon. Ceca T. Parker, Col Evans-Lloyd, Messrs. R. T. Riohardson, John M. Frost and William Williams. CONFLICTING EVIDENCE.-William S. Garner, fruiterer, George-street, was summoned at the instance of the police for working a mare in an unfit condition on the 11th inst. Evidence was given by Sergeant Jackson and P.C. Mighall to the effect that the mare was on the Hoole-road attached to a greengrooer'a cart. It wae lame on the near fore leg and the fetlock joint was inflamed.-Inr;pector Hustwayte corroborated a6 to the condition of the animal.—Mr. Morgan, for the defence, said the maro was aged and stiff. It was not suffering pain.—Defendant gave evidence, and Mr. H. H. Aldred, veterinary Burgeon, deposed to examining the mare on the 14th int. and forming the opinion that the mare was perfectly fit to work. There was no sign of lameness on either of the foro legs, and no sign of treatment of either leg.—Owing to the conflict- ing evidence the Bench gave defendant the benefit of the doubu and dismissed the case.
COLLEGE ROWING CLUB. The annual Christmas term races of the Chester College Rowing Club were held on the river over a half-mile course between the White House and the Waterworks' intake, on Thursday and on Friday. The club was formed about five years ago, and is now a firmly-established institution in college life, thanks mainly to the clforts of Mr. A. E. Jackson, B.A., and the enthusiastic support he has had from the students themselves. One of the difficulties of working up the club has been the frequent changee in the resident students, but in spite of this none of the various branches of athletics oultivaited at the collage is now more flourishing. This time the number of men taking part constitutes a record. Thursday was devoted to the race for four-oared boats, of which no fewer than eleven entered. In the first round there were six heats, and the following were the strokes of the winning crews: --F. A. Bate, J. H. Branston, L. T. Downham, T. Waterhouse, H. H. Kewley, and W. Thorruus, the last-named having a row-over. In the second round, J. H. Branston's orew beat F. A. Bate's, L. T. Downham's onew beat T. Waterhouse's, and W. Thomas's crew beat H. H. Kewley's. Three crews were left in for the semi-final. J. H. Branaton's four rowed over, and W. Thomas's crew beat L. T. Downham's. This is as far as the raoa was carried on Thursday. The rowing was remarkably good considering that at least two men in every crew were "freshers"—they had been rowing only about six weeks. The first event on Friday was the decision of the four-oared race, which was won by J. H. Branston's crew. The eight-oared race followed, and for this three crews were entered, the strokes being H. Wakefield, L. T. Downham, and L. Steains. The last-named was given a row-over. Wakefield's boat beat Downham's boat in remarkable fashion. They had the inside station, and for more than half the course gained nothing. While still some distance from the post, bow caught a crab and his rowlock broke. Although only seven men.were pulling they beat their rivals in fine style. After the race the crew took the boat back to The Groves, where the broken rowlock was repaired. They then raced in the final with L. Steains's eight, who, being absolutely fresh, won comfortably. Wakefield's crew made a gallant effort, but the effects of the Erovious race and the journey to The Groves and back told against them, and the struggle became hopeless when the same rowlock gave way again. The coxes, who did duty on both davs, were C. B. Hutton, H. Atherton, T. E. Dale, and G. H. Millmar;. The races proved very successful, and being favoured on both days with beautiful weather and smooth water, were enjoyed both by those who took part and their numerous colleagues on the bank. Mrs. and Miss Best, Mis", Marriott, Mr. Potts, and Mr. Ardern officiated as judges, and the Rev. J. D. Best was referee. The duties of starter were performed by Mr. A. E. Jackson. Messrs. G. S. Jacobs, G. F. Stokes. J. Cropper, and G. H. Newbold were superintendents of the course. Special mention should be made of the handsomo programme of the rac:'f;. On the back was a beautiful reproduction in colours of Mr. W. Monk's picture of Chester Cross.
SALE OF WORK AT HOOLE. ♦—- With the remarkable growth in recent years in the population of All Saints, Hoolo, there has been an increased demand upon the parochial funds not the least deserving of whioh is that for the sick poor. The annual sale of work in aid of the various funds han now beoome a settled institution, and it, is hoped that this year's function. held on Thursday and Friday, will be attended with an amount of success commensurate with the indefatigable exertions of those who have laboured on its behalf. The sale was held in the Wetdminster Schools, and many tempting bargain" were to be found on the well-filled stalls. Among those who acted as saleswomen were:—Parish Stall: Ladies of th" work party, Mrs. Harry Anderson, Mrs. ('ron, MfI". Fred Davies, Mrs. Boughton, Mrs. Reading. Mrs. T. B. Riohardson. the Misses Sellar, Gee, Williamson, Crooton and Richardson. Fancy stall: Mrs. Fred Dutton and Miss B. M. Anderson. Household stall: Mrs. Leete. Mrs. Cecil Davies and Mrs. Ooppack. Cake- stall: Mrs. Baxter and Mrs. Webster. Competition stall: Miss Sharpo and Mias Prince. Toys and dolls: Mrs. Carstairs Jones, Mm. Grandidge and Miss Catherall. Sweet stall: Mra. Cattley, Mrs. Dunning and Miss Warmsley. The entertain- ments during the two days consisted of washing competitions, maypole exercises by sohool girls, concerts, etc. The opening ceremony on Thurs- day was performed in the presence of a crowded room by Mrs. Hornby Lewis, wife of the High Sheriff of tho county. 0 The Vicar (the Rev. F. Ander.wi), in introducing Mrs. Hornby Lewis, said the parish of All Saints' was now perhaps about the largest in Chester. It had grown very considerably during recent years, and they held that annual sale of work to provide funds for the various parochial objects, such as the curates' fund, the fund for thesick poor, and other parish needs, such as the National schools, the new organ fund, etc. They had a ladies' work party in connection with their sale of work, and it was evident they had taken very deep interest in what they had been doing. Many other friends had helped in providing articles. He especially mentioned the oooperafcion of Mrs. Leete, who had now left the parish. Mrs. Anderson was very sorry to be unable to be present with them. In expressing their gratefulness to Mrs. Hornby Lewis. the vicar sympathetically alluded to the bereavement her family had recently sustained. Mrs. Hornby Lewis, in declaring the sale open, said it. was v.-i/th very great pleasure she received their kind invitation to come there. She noticed with satisfaction that one of the objects of the sale was to benefit the sick poor. They all knew how much little comforts helped and soothed those who v/ero in t ho, times of trial. It muist be p1 easing to supporters of the sale to realise that their generosity that djy would enable many to be helped who ofchorwbe would not have been helped. (Applause.) Mr. William Williams (chairman of the Hoole Urban District Council), in proposing a hearty vote of thanks to Mr.s. Hornby Lewis, endorsed the vicar's words a3 to the bereavement Mrs. Lewis's family had sustained. With the large increase in the district there were correspondingly larger demands upon the funds of the parish, and he hoped that sale would be successful. (Applause.) Mr. Reading seconded and Mr. T. W. Chalton supported the proposition, which was carried. On the motion of Mr. Chalton. seconded by Mr. Ooveney. a vote of condolence was paswd with Dr. and Mrs. Butt on the recent death of Mr. A. W. Butt. On Friday the baziar was re-opened by M s. Griffin, who also distributed the prizes awarded in the various competitions. The sale was largely patronised during the day, and the total receipts for the two days amounted to over £ 150. -I
For fine !cmwys I Flci-Vour. j y ——————— toxunuitfjpL^ STRONG CHILDF'.F/r Children grow strong on Calory's cocoa because it contains in a generous measure those food elements that are essential to health and good physical condition. It possesses the combined advantages of being thirst-quenching, invigorating, and highly nourishing, and the children like it especially because it is the nicest cocoa." Everybody should drink Cadbury's cocoa regularly at breakfast and lunch time, and particularly with the evening meal, because, owing to its mildly stimulative action, it is one of the few beverages that aid rather than retard the digestion of other foods. Cocoa is strongest when pure—Cadbury's is the strongest cocoa because it is the purest. It therefore makes most beverage of the best quality.
PROPOSED GRANT TO THE MAYOR. -♦ DEBATING SOCIETY'S VERDICT. [BY A CORRESPONDENT.] The recent meeting of the ratepayers con- demned by a majority the idea of making an annual grant to the Mayor. The reasons adduced for this condemnation were, so far as one can judge, that the expenditure of the Mayor is almost exclusively confined to feasting important deputations from outside quarters who may 'hap- pen to honour the old city with a visit, and the providing of "At Homes" for a select section of the citizens. Apart from these sources of outlay it was considered the Mayor did not suffer any loss. With reference to the hospitality to visitors, the ratepayers' meeting, while deprecating any fixed annual grant, were magnanimous enough to say that although it may be advisable to contribute a sum from the rates for any "special occasion," as heretofore (such apparently as was done for, I believe, the first and only time in the Corona- tion year), it was not desirable to attach an an- nual grant to the position of Mayor of Chester. Well, some ratepayers may so meet and decide for themselves, but there is a sooiety in our midst composed of other ratepayers, i.e., the Chester Debating Society, who not only decide for them- selves but for others as well. At their sitting on Tuesday, when the self-same subject was brought up for their consideration, they resolved "That in the opinion of this society a grant shou'ld be made to the Mayor for services rendered by him in such capacity." It will now be naturally asloed what the Council will do in face of the diametri- cally opposite views. Well, I don't think the position of Scylla and Charybodis applies here. It may be the ratepayers' meeting will claim to voice the popular view on the matter, but Mr. Morris, who introduced the subject to the Debat- ing Society, thought otherwise. It was to him merely "Vox et prseterea nihil." But were it otherwise he appealed to the society from a sense of right. "Let our reason," he says, "weigh more with us than popular opinion" and so he sought to deal with the matter on theee lines— equally as regards the rich man with the poor one. Therefore, he would, as a matter of principle, remunerate the office of Mayor, with- out regard to the holder's means, as a recompense for the services he renders to the city as its chief citizen and representative, not only to the exfient of the actual outlay his civio duties entail upon his private purse, but also of a sufficient re- muneration for the disoharge of the multifarious duties he is called upon to perform in the city's name. Of course from the point of view of the me-m ratepayer, such a healthy and excellent breadth of view may be impossible. With him it is sim- ply a matter of how much per £ will it place on the rates and never mind the burden you may place upon the unfortunate individual who may be compelled to represent you in the Mayoral chair. "If its going to increase the rates how- ever little, I'm against it" says the ordinary ratepayer. "I get no invitations to t&e 'At Homes," and it is not for the likes of me, I sup- pose. Nor do I get any of the junkettings to outsiders, whether they be 'Royalties' or 'Loyal- ties,' so it's off." It is thus he soliloquises. The ordinary ratepayer is certainly a hard nut to crack. Mr. Hawkins. who presided at the rate- payers' meeting, tried his best to get him to take a broad view of the matter, but apparently he did not succeed. You may remind him that the oombined wisdom of Parliament has recognised the justice of enabling corporationR to vote a remuneration to the Mayor, but all to no pur- pose. But tell him that the incidence of taxation is unduly burdensome upon his class, and he sees it at once. A well-filled house and a good reoeption met Mr. Morris on his rising to introduce the matter before the Debating Society on Tuesday. Mr. Hibbert, aa usual, presided. Mr. Morris reminded his hearers that the subject had been forced on their attention for two reasons (1) because the voluntary system in Mayor-choosing or "acoep- ing" had broken down, and (2) because of the inability of the ratepayers' meeting to rise to a true sense of the position with a view to meeting the difficulty in the future. He paid a tribute to Alderman Lamb for the public spirit and patriotism displayed by him in saving the city from an awkward dilemma. The city, he said, had been ransacked from top to bottom among those considered eligible, but no, not one could be found to take the office. How was this ac- counted for-a great office, with such dignity and honour attached to it. going a-begging? The only conclusion he (Mr. Morris) was driven to was that the dignity and honour were not now considered worth the money and the time and trouble entailed, or, to use a common expression, the game wasn't worth the candle." If on the other hand the Sovereign would only confer some signal mark of his favour upon the gentlemen who should thus serve their local communities, matters might have been different. As it was, we had to be satisfied with such "honours" as the citizens can themselves confer, and just now this was not considered quite good enough. And so Mr. Morris argued the voluntary system in the mayoralty -had, like education, broken down. Hitherto the only quali- fication for the office had been wealth. Birth and virtue, unless accompanied by riches, were held to be as worthless as seaweed. But reformers, said Mr. Morris, welcomed the time when positions of honour would not be the ex- clusive prerogative of the wealthy. How often, he remarked, were men of the greatest genius lost in obscurity for the lack of money, which alone had been the passport into society and fame. That we must first of all have money, and virtue may then follow as best it may, was a truism in the present state of civilisation. Reasoning thus. Mr. Morris hailed Mr. Siddall's attempt to alter things, and place the mayoralty wrikhin the reach of all respectable and honest citizens. There was no need for the £ 1.000 qualification, as was stated by Mr. Wrisrht at the ratepayers' meeting to be necessary. The poor but honest man, although he may live in any court of the city, provided he was on the burgess roil, was qualified for the office of councillor or Mayor, and although Mr. Siddall's proposal could not be considered in any sense .superabundant, it was, however, a step in the right direction. Moreover, every other officei- was paid. and why not. the chief official? Why not emulate locally the system adopted in the Imperial Government? All servants of the Crown wero paid, from the Prime Minister down- wards. But some people will cry What about the honour the position carries with it?" Now this is fine sophustrv. If the honour of an exalted position be a sufficient recompense, why is it that the Archbishops and Bishops, the Premier, Lord Chancellor, and other great officers of Church and State, have the honour plus comfortable and even large salaries? But, Mr. Morris asks, what is the honour worth to a Mayor? Surely under present conditions he pays dearly for it. Further, if honour 00 attached to the position, how can the city say they have conferred any honour this time upon the Mayor? Whatever dignity he acquired on the occasion of his first election can- not .surely be said to be the case to-day. We pressed him into the service, and he responded to tho pressure and bridged over a difficulty. Therefore the boot is on the other foot." It is Alderman Lamb who confers the honour upon the city this time. Of course Mr. Morris's argu- ment is not made in the interest of the present Mayor or of any particular holder of the office, but for the office itself. But, having regard to the sacrifice made by the Mayor on the present occasion, Mr. Morris asked whether we can reason- ably expect Alderman Lamb to devote his time and energies to the service of the city without some return of a tangible form. The Mayor wants to be excused from all those little social functions and to be spared the sight of so many begging letters. Well, I trust he may succeed: but I doubt it. I would not give muoh for any balance the Mayor may have left out of J6250 at the end of his present term of office. He is one that cannot say "No." Mr. Hawkins said at the ratepayers' meeting that it must not be assumed that Alderman Lamb had asked for, or would be willing to accept, a grant. Of course the Mayor would not ask for one. The city ought not to wait for such a request. It is an obligation of ours which should be honoured at maturitv and not on demand. In dealing in detail with the attitude adopted by particular speakers at the ratepayer?,' meeting, Mr. Morris was not sparing in trenchant criticism. He was surprised that; Mr. Griffiths should have opposed the grant. To contribute towards some expenses and not others was in Mr. Morrs's opinion illogical, although it was .in affirmation of the principle contended for. But who is to judge whether an occasion has the dignity of a "special" or "common" character? So far aA the Mayor's outlay is con- oemed, isurelv all festive occasions must be "special." and if properly incurred should be paid for by the city. But, apart from this, dorts Mr. Griffiths think the Mayor's municipal services are worth not-inner? Mr. Hallmark was equally beside the mark. His idea that every honest man has as much right to the position as a millionaire is grotesquo. d1(>n he refuses to pay the honest but poor man who may have the chance a fair re- muneration for hip. services. Mr. Hallmark, I notice, was not at the Debating Society's sitting. In absenting himself he displayed some judgment. Mr. Morris then nassed on to Mr. Wright, who thought we must have a man of means to fill the post because the office necessarily entailed ex- pense. a.nd he further reasoned to himself that as the Mayor must be worth £ 1000 he didn't want the ratepayers' money to enable him to maintain the dignity. Mr. Wright was, of course. altogether wrong in his law as to the £1.000 qualification, as explained before. But. means or no means, Mr. Morris would pay the man for the duties performed for and on behalf of the city. He would make the office fit the man, not the man to fit the office. The onponents of the proposal will not see that the I Mayor has a host of duties to perform besides presiding at the festive table. Mr. Wright's opposition, however, was leavened a bit on Tues- day. He had come to the conclusion by that time that until the office was made a salaried position a grant would be inopportune. Well, that was just what Mr. Morris was aiming at. It is really only complying with the spirit of the Municipal Corporations Act, and why not put the office on a proper and businesslike footing? Mr. Yates supported Mr. Morris on Tuesday. He, however, then extended his ideas. The city should not have a reputation for stingyness. Nor must the Mayor be tarnished with a similar stigma. It was the duty of the Chief Magistrate to act as the host of the city, and to entertain the various learned bodies and societies which came among us from outside. Therefore what the Mayor extended as the city's representative should be recouped him by the city. The city did not suffer but gained a hundredfold from the generosity extended to outsiders. He would make the salary Jb500. and would like to see the vari- ous societies of the town, including Sunday school teachers and the citizens of all classes, partaking of and enjoying the Mayor's entertainments. But 9500 is not enough for all this, Mr. Yates. You would need at loast a £ 1,000, if the Mayor is to get a little bit for hs official work. However, Mr. Yates is in thorough agreement with the prin- ciple of the wide-open door. Mr. R. R. Robeits. however, would not feast outsiders. They came to admire the charms of the old city, and should provide themselves, like any other tripper. But in princpLe 'he agreed that the Mayor should be paid, and £ 1,000 would not overburden the p Mayor's exchequer after all was paid. But Mr. Roberts would impose one condition, and that was. that all should be entitled to participate in the "At Homes," I wonder if Mr. Roberts has been to an "open door at home." There is, however, another aspect to this question. If you give the Mayor a mere salary, ho can of course spend it as he likes, and may therefore limit his invita- tions to his "At Homes." Therefore I don't see how you are to have an "open free-and-easy," unless you are going to pay for it yourself in the shape of a recoupment to the Mayor on account of out-of-pocket expenses. Then our old friend, Mr. Oliver, chipped in with a reminder that we are all so cheerful in spend- ing millions for battleships and armaments for killing purposes, but not so for a little local jollification. He agreed with Mr. Morris that the time had come when the "masses" should have a chance. The wealthy had all run away, and would not be back until the King is Likely to come down again. Then there would be a rush for the "top job," oil the off chance of getting a. Royal "slap on the back." But Mr. Oliver averred that prefixes to one's name are deoidedly unfashionable nowadays. The affix is now the thing-. Why, therefore, should not Mayors of our provincial towns have an order of their own, say the C.SO. (Civil Service Order)? The average Englishman dearly loves a distinguishing badge, and this little favour from his Majesty would per- haps add a little real dignity to the offioe. Following Mr. Oliver came Mr. J. B. Sconce, who was against any rate-aided "At Homes." The Mayor was no more entitled to be paid than councillors. Could Mr. Morris agree that coun- citlois should be paid? Mr. Morris said that the Mayor. as the chief official of the city, was in a different position to a councillor, but Mr. Sconce submitted otherwise. The Mayor's time was oc- cupied under three heads, he said-magistk-rial duties (which should be performed, he said, by a stipendiary), social functions (which were not wanted), and the duties of attending the Council and committee meetings. The last-named affected the time of the ordinary councillor as much a-9 it did the Mayor, and therefore, ho reasoned, if councillors are not to be paid. the Mayor should ( not have a privilege in this respect. It might bo that the stipendiary system would relieve the Mayor of much of the time spent in his judicial functions, but a stipendiary would cost a lot of money, and therefore, from the monetary point of view, we should be no better off. But what- ever we may do in this respect it would not re- lieve the Mayor of the social duties inseparable from the position of chief citizen, and as to his other civic services, I should recommend Mr. Sconce to consult a recognised authority as to the obligations imposed on Mayors and councillors respectively, and see who has the least to do. Then we had the "gem" of the evening—a speech from Mr. Preston. He is always worth listening to, whether you agree with him or not. He did not agree with the proposal, because Mr. Morris did. These two "old hands" had been pulling in contrary directions for 30 years; they cannot moot each other without their very thoughts running counter. Now Mr. Preston thought Mr. Morris was looking forward to being Mayor of the aity. Not that he would make a bad effort to worthily fill the office, but it would mean a heavy additional cost to the city, inas- much as a new gown would be required-the present one would not do unless it had a few tucks put in; and this would be derogatory to Mr. Morris's dignity. Becoming serious, Mr. Pres- ton expressed the view that we were unnecessarily driving ourselves into a panic over nothing. The line of eligible Mayors was not yet extinct or even damaged, and never would be. He knew of two men at the moment who were looking for- ward to the position. That, I thought, was no argument, suiely. I know several who fancy they may some day ba Mayor of Chester, providing they have the "wherewithal." He agreed, how- over, thai £250 was not enough if we are to pay. It would not induoe an ordinary solicitor's clerk to throw up his job for the position. If we are going to pay, it must be, Mr. Preston thought, such a sum as would represent the marketable value of the commodity. But in that event thero would be no end of trouble around Stye-lane, unless the citizens of that quarter were "invited" to the "At Homes," for which they would say they had hoLped to pay. This is the same fallacy as Mr. Roberts fell into, and I desire to repeat for Mr. Preston'3 edification that even if the for Mr. Preston's edification that even if the Mayor had a salary it would not follow that HTõm. Dick and Harry" would be entitled to his hospitality. Let Mr. 'Preston go a bit further, Give the Mayor a salary plus his out-of-pocket expenses, and I am with him. But I am afraid there is no convincing him. His opinion is that there is no necessity for the Mayor to spend money at all whilo in office. "The chairman of the Board of Guardians doesn't," says be, "nor does the chairman of the County Council." But, Mr. Preston, those gentlemen are mere chairmen. not heads of the community, such as a Mayor is Ho would not complain so long as the Mayor spent his own money. But, surely, it isn't that the Mayor spends his own money. It's the city who spends the Mayor's money. I should be equally justified if I asked Mr. Preston to provide my friends with an entertainment at his expense. Several other speakers took part in the debate, including Mr. Hawkins, who cleared up certain misunderstandings which had arisen in reference to the ratepayers' meeting. Then Mr. Morris closed the debate, and the resolution before men- tioned was put and carried with acclamation— "Vox populi Vox Dei." CONSCRIPT.
PIRATED MUSIC AT CHESTER. « — At Chester City Police Court, on Wednesday, John Kennedy, an elderly hawker, living at 37, Prinooss-stroet, was summoned for having unlaw- fully offered for sale pirated copies of musical works, and he was required to shew cause why an order should not be made for the destruction of the works seized. Alexander Wishart, Liverpool, detective for the Music Publishers' Association, said about 300 copies of pirated music had been obtained from de- fendant, 100 being on Saturday and the remainder on different occasions. The copies were an in- fringement of the Copyright Act. The Mayor: Cannot you people get at the printers? Witness said they had six men on bail at present, and one of them, "The Pirate King" was out on bail of £ 4,000. On Saturday last the man who had been supplying the defendant with music was apprehended in Manchester, and it was a question whether defendant ought not also to be put in the dock on a charge of conspiracy. He knew perfectly well that the music he sold was pirated. Colonel Evans-Lloyd (from the Bench): Where is this pirated music printed? Witness: It is printed all over the country. They do it clandestinely. The nett price of a genuine piece of music would be about 2s. 6d., and defendant sold some at 2d.. others at 6d., and whatever he could get. Unfortunately, there was no penalty in this case, but he applied for his oasts (El- Is.) and court costÅ Detective Hughes deposed to seizing copies of music with Wishart from defendant. Defendant said he did not know that the music was pirated. The music had been brought to him two or three times. Inspector Tillev said this was the third lot. of music that had been taken off defendant, so that he could not be ignorant. The Bench made an order for the destruction of tho music, and ordered defendant to pay;61. Is. costs, in addition to the court costs.
PRINCE'S FIRST TIGER.-The Prince of Wales went shooting in the jungle near Jaipur on Wednesday, and killed a splendid male tiger. The Princess visited the museum and other places of interest. In the evening the city was illuminated, and the Maharaja gave a State banquet at the Palace. BILLIARD MATCH WAVERTON v. CHRISTLETON. Played at Waverton on Wednesday. Score :—Waverton. J. W. Corsan 86, J. Jones 101, J. Shone 100, J. Parker 100, R. Gregory 100. J. A. Salmon 100; total 587. Christie- ton T. Johnson 101. S. Earlam 94 J. Gregory 40. A. Beech 55. A. Fleet 93. J. V. Wright 74; total 457. Majority for Waverton. 130. ADVICE TO MOTHERS !-Are you broken of your rest by a sick child suffering with the pains in cutting teeth ? Go at once to a chemist and get a bottle of MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP, which has been used over 50 years by millions of mothers for their children while teething, with perfect success. It is pleasant to taste, produces natural, quiet sleep by relieving the child from Eain, and the little cherub awakes "as bright as a utton." It soothes the child, it softens the gvms, allays al pain, relieves wind, regulates the boweis, and is the best known remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, whether arising from teething or other causes. Sold by Chemists everywhere at Is. li-d. per bottle
CHESTER ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. BISHOP CHADDEKTON'S VISITATION. The second meeting of the session in connection with the Chester and North Wales Archaeological and Historic Society was held on Tuesday even- ing at the Grosvenor Museum. Dr. H. Stolter- foth presided over a small attendance. The Rev. F. Sanders, vicar of Hoylake, had arranged to deliver a lecture upon John Bird, Bishop of Chester, 1541-1554, but was unable through illness to keep his engagement. As his paper was not completed, he was also precluded from sending it to be read in his absence, but as a oompcnsa- tion ho had forwarded a copy of the Articles of Inquiry within the Diocese of Chester for the visitation of Bishop Chadderton, the Bishop of Chester from 1579 to 1595. This document Canon S. Cooper Scott kindly undertook to read to the meeting. The articles of inquiry embrace fifty questions, and are not a little interesting as throw- ing considerable light upon the state of the Church in the diocese of Chester at that time. By way of preface, Canon Scott pointed out that Bishop Chaddorton, who was an enterprising and active man, took up his residence at Manchester upon his consecration to the episcopate. Of his matri- monial views an amusing story was told. Quocn Elizabeth was not favourable to wivod clergy. The bishop, in the course of a sermon, said look- ing for a wife was like looking in a barrel of serpents for a single fish; and! that if one was happy enough to escape the serpents and alight upon, a fish, he must not congratulate himself too hastily, for he might find that after all it was but an eel. (Laughter.) Notwithstanding this view bishop took to himself a wife. At Manchester ho found himself in the midst of Romanism, and to suppress Romish power and influence in Eng- land was at the time considered a very important matter. In oonsequonoe some cruel porsecutions took place during his episcopate, Romish priests being executed as traitors. We must not, how- ever, regard these as stories of Protestant perse- cutions of Romanists, because many of tho latter were really traitors and plotters against the Queen, engaged in secret conspiracies and a serious danger to the State. Therefore these were not religious persecutions, but State porsecutions. On the other hand the bishop was beset by the Purltan-rnk-n who, while taking the emoluments of the Church and officiating in divine worslhip, would not conform to the usages of the Church in such matters as the wearing of the surplice, eto. Thus the articles of inquiry contained searching questions directed at the Puritanic clergy. There were also questions on the subject of preaching. In those days not every olergyman was capable of preaching, and the incompetent were not allowed to preach. Such men were bound to pro- vide a sermon in their churches once a quarter by a preacher of ability, while on other occasions they were to read a homily to their congregations. Proceeding to road the articles of inquiry, Canon Scott pointed out how material was one question as to the preservation of churchyards from dese- oration, because so recently as thirty years ago the churchyard of St. John's, Chester, used to be the scene of many kinds of games. The inquiries addressed to the clergy had reference chiefly to the uso of necessary ohurch ornaments and the destruction of idolatrous ornaments, the wearing of the surplice while officiating in church, the public or secret teaching of unorthodox doctrine, the custom of farming out livings, the administra- tion of Communion, pluralist clergy, and the em- ployment by the clergy of drunkards, idlers, haw- kers. dicers, swearers, etc. Churchwardens were asked, among other questions, whether they ascer- tained the names of persons who frequented taverns during the hours of divine service, whether they claimed the forfeiture of 12d. from every per- son absent from common prayer, whether any shopa were open or any markets held on the Sab- bath, or any alehouses open during the time of common prayer. Other questions related to auricular confession, the practice of Romish cere- monies in houses and the secret circulation of Popish books among the people. A short discussion followed the locture, and a vote of thanks was passed to Canon Scott.
RETIREMENT OF MR. W. T. BARKER 0 INTERESTING CAREER. REMINISCENCES OF THE TELEGRAPH. The staff of the Chester Post-office was robbed last week of one of its most valued members in the retirement of Mr. W. T. Barker, telegraph superintendent. Although Mr. Barker has been at Chester only four years, yet his genial and kindly good nature has made him a host of friends, whose good wisbe-3 will follow him in hia retirement. Prior to being appointed to Chester, Mr. Barker held a similar position at Northamp- ton for the long period of 36 years, so that his work in tlie postal and telegraph services ex- tends over the long period of 40 years. Naturally he has had many interesting experiences, and has been able to watch the marvellous growth of the telegraph. He commenced his career in the sixties, joining the Electric and International Telegraphic Company, before the Government of the country had taken over the telegraph systems. On the transfer taking place in 1870 he entered the service of tho Government. Soon afterwards trouble aiose with the London telegraph staff, during tho time of the alarming illness of the Prince of Waies, now our King, and Mr. Bar- ker volunteered for special duty in Loiltlon, and went to that place for a short period. Many exciting incidents have occurred in his career, espl-ci.ity during the late Mr. Bradlaugh's elec- tions to Parliament. Northampton was invaded by Press men, and the work on the telegraph de- partment in those stirring times was severe. A similar pressure of work was experienced at the time of the sensational Macrae murder. Nor have the excitements of his life been confined to his work at the Post-offioe, and a conspicuous occa- sion was a terrible railway accident at Little Houghton, near Northampton. The driver and stoker of the unfortunate train were pinned under the engine, and amputations had to be made be- fore they could be released. Under very trying circumstances, Mr. Barker rendered valuable aid with the two doctors who attended the scene of tho catastrophe. Ever ready to lend a hand where he'p was required, be volunteered when no messenger could be found to deliver an impor- tant te.egram to an address a long distance from tho head office. It was night and a terrible storm was rag:ng, but after considerable trouble Mr. Barkor accomplished his object. A unique recog- nition of his abilities was made in 1393, when Sir \V. H. Preeoe, Engineer-in-Chief of the Post- office Telegraph Department, selected him as liie ass stant in the telegraph section of the British exhibit at the World's Fair, Chicago. Unfortu- nately, and much to his keen regret, Mr. Barker was unable to go. The part of his career on which Mr. Barker justifiably looks with most pride, is the time when he was oho sen to act as Royal Telegraphist on the occasion of a visit of the then Prince and Princess of Wales to Lord Rosebcry at Mentmoro. His instruments were fitted up in the Earl's mag- nificent library. One day while he was sitting there alone with a book the present Queen quietly entered, and Mr. Barker had the unexpected pleasure of receiving a gratious bow from her Majesty. He was brought indirectly in touch with Royalty on another occasion in June, 1895. While travelling to Edinburgh he found a valu- able ring at Preston, the lost property of the late Queen's messenger, who had been travelling between Buckingham Palace and Balmoral with despatches. Mr. Barker had the pleasure of re- storing the ring to its owner. Mr. Barker has done what has in him lain to help others less happily situated than himself and several organisations in Northampton owe their existenoo to him. In 1875 he assisted r. Asher, the retired postmaster of Carmarthen, in the formation of the U.K. Postal and Telegraph Clerks' Benevolent Society. This society started at Northampton with 17 members and now num- bers 20,500 members, of whom next to the fotirxipr Mr. Rarker is' "the father." In and around Northampton Mr. Barker worked many years in endeavouring to foster emigration to Canada., by giving lectures. For his services he was personally thanked by Sir Van Horn, Presi- dent of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and Sir Charles Tupper, who at that time was High Commissioner for Canada. It is interesting to note the changes in the telegraph system sinoo Mr. Barker joined the service. The principal instruments were the old embosser and double needle, which have long since disappeared, their places being taken by the duplex, quadruplex, and the well-known high- speed Wheatstones, the last-named of which reach the marvellous speed of 500 words per minute. When the first cable was laid the mini- mum rate to America was £ 20, against 5s. to-day, while the rate to Scotland and Ireland was 3s. No message could be sent in England for less than Is., and the cost varied according to dis- tance. On leaving Northampton Mr. Barker was pre- sented by the Mayor, on behalf of the towns- people, with handsome testimonials of their es- teem, and on his retirement this week after serv- ing under six postmasters, he was similarly honoured by staff at the Chester Post Offkto. Mr. Barker will not alt-agether leave his occu- pation, as he has acoepted the position of sub- postmaster of Ecoleston. The inhabitants of that village are fortunate in getting so capable a man to take charge of their postal work. He will go to Eccleston with every wish for a long enjoyment of his well-earned retirement. c
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CLERK'S MYSTERIOUS DEATH. The Flintshire coroner (Mr. LI. Jones) on Sat- urday evening opened an inquest at Saltney on the body of Albert Moore (21), clerk in the em- ployment of a Macclesfield firm of estate agents, whoso dead body was found on the land side of the Navigation Cop of the Deo at Sealand on the previous day. Edit.h Moore. 40, Gladstone-road, Chester, iden- tified the body as that of her brother. She saw him last in August, when he was staying at homo for a few holidays. He had been at Macclesfield since. She heard from him last August. He had been in good health. She did not know he was in the neighbourhood of Chester lately. He left Macclesfield on Thursday, and a telegram had been received asking if 00 had come to Chester. He had been married only a few weeks, and the telegram was from his wife. As far as they knew, there had been no trouble where he was employed. He was always very cheerful, and as far as the-y knew he had no trouble at all. His wifo did not know that he had been found, and she wa.s then on her way to Chester. He had never threatened to take his life, and was the last man they would have thought would have dono so. A juror remarked that it. seemed rather mys- terious deceased should come to Chester and not call at his home. The Coroner: I shall have to ask you to ad- journ the inquest. Tho foreman of the jury thought it would be advisable for the widow to attend James Myland, Vernon-road, Chester, chart- at- tendant at the Corporation Electric Light Works, deposed to finding the dead body of deceased lying face downwards, under some bushes on the Cop bank at. Sealand. The body was lying be- tween the Cop bank and the hedge, and could not have been washed up by the water. IF Tho Coroner thought it would be very unsatis- factory to close the inquest at this stage, and he adjourned it until Friday, in order that a post- mortem examination might be made and that the widow might attend to give evidence.
INSPECTOR V. DOCTOR. CHARGE OF ASSAULT. REMARKABLE ELLESMERE PORT CASE. A somewhat unusual case WAS hoard at Chester Castle Sessions on Saturday, before Mr. Trelawny and other magistrates. John Marsh Hudson, of Church-street, Ellesmere Port, sanitary inspeotor and surveyor to the Ellesmore Port Urban Dis- trict Council, summoned Dr. Fisher, Ellesmere Port, for assault and threats. Mr. Giles appeared for oomplainant, and Dr. Fisher was undefended. Mr. Giles explained that on Nov. 10th com- plainant had to enquire into a case of enteric fover at the residence of Mr. Morton, Sunnyside, Churoh-street, Ellesmere Port. He went to the house to enquire into the number of persons in the house, the number of children going to school, the place from where the milk supply came, tho sanitary conditions of tho house, and more particularly as to the number of people, rosiding thero so that he might decide whether the patient should bo isolated. Defendant was attending the patient, and seemed to have been annoyed at what was done by the sanitary inspector, who, howevor, had done nothing more than his plain duty. Out- side the .house defendant assaulted Hudson, and called him an ignoramus with an adjective at- tached. whilo he also said lie would "put him out." Complainant stated that he had held his appoint- ment three years and a half. Ho wired tor Dr. Kenyon to oome over to the case of enteric. Ho 8.4W defendant at half-past three in the afternoon, having baen to Morton's house in the morning and made the nooassairy enquiries. There were nine persons in the house, and only throe bed- rooms. One of the persons was sick with enteric fever. The patient died the same day. Ho pointed out to Morton tho necessity of isolating the patient. When Dr. Kenyon arrived they went to the house. Witness did not go in the house, and whan Dr. Kenyon and defendant came out together the latter said, "Did you tell these people that you would send for the fever van?" Witness repked, "Yes, if the patient could not be isola- ted." Defendant said, "If you ever interfere any more with, any of my patients I will smash your —— face. Defendant afterwards "cufted" him at the back of the neck, and with an adjective called him an ignoramus. He next said, "Come on, you coward; why don't you put your fists up? Let us fight and have it out." He then buttoned his coat up and put himself in a fight- ing attitudo. Dr. Kenyon tried to pacify him, but defendant afterwards put his face in that of witness', and .said, "If ever you go to a house whore a patient of mine lies again I will lay you out." Tins was the second time this had oc- curred, and witness did not want to be interf-oacd with in his duty. Cross-examined: The patient was dying, and in fact died an hour and a half after the disturbance. Defendant: Have you any power to order a van to remove a patient on your own authority? —I did not attempt it. You told the people you would send the van round. Did you consult me as to the state of the patient?—I did not say it. You did not consult me as to the state of the patient's health?—You were not about at the time. Proceeding, witness said he always con- sulted the medical attendant as to the state of a patient's health before ordering the fev3r van. What he told the people in this case waa that he must send for the van if the patient was not isolated. He denied that he admitted to Miss Morton in the presence of Dr. Kenyon that he had said that he would send for the van. It was not true that he insisted on walking along- side Dr. Kenyon and defendant and that he said he would not have defendant telling Dr. Kenyon things about him. Defendant: I said "If you come another step alongside me I will knock you down."—Yes, that is right, with the addition of an adjective. You insisted on imposing your presence on me?—No. George Jones, postman, 16, Dock-street, Elles- merc Port, deposed to seeing Dr. Fisher cuff In complainant. The doctor appeared to be very angry and called Mr. Hudson an ignoramus.—• Cross-examined Defendant did not strike com- plainant; he simply pushed him away. Thomas Taylor, 8, Worcester-street, Ellesmere Port, said he saw defendant push complainant twice on the shoulder with his fist. The doctor buttoned up his coat and said, "Come on now, and I will put you out." Dr. Kenyon, medical officer of health for the Ellesmere Port and Whitby urban district, gave evidence as to the scope of complainant's duties, and said that before removing a case he ought to communicate with the medical attendant. Ho thought oomplainant had dono his duty in the case. Describing what he knew of the scene Dr. Kenyon said complainant remarked that he would have nothing to do with Dr. Fisher another time. The doctor then seemed to be very much irritated and challenged the inspector to fight. He called Mr. Hudson a coward because he would not fight. I Cross-examined: The inspector did not admit in the presenoe of Miss Morton that he said he would send for the van. Witness admitted saying to defendant that Mr. Hudson was a vcung, in- experienced man, and would do better in the future. Re-examined: Mr. Hudson always did his work very well. THE DEFENCE. Dr. Fisher gave evidence to the effcct. that he had a patient, who was dying of typhoid. He saw the O on the morning of the 10th, and that same morning complainant railed at the house and told the relatives that he would send the van round for the patient. He (the doctor) con- tended that he had no right to do this. When witness saw him in the street with Dr. Kenyon the. inspector denied that he had said this. When asked if he would come back to the house in order that the relatives might ix> questioned on the subject, complainant refused. and then witness admitted he lost his tempar and pushed him out of tho way. He denied that ho ■;wo!<o at, lym or that. he called him an ignoramus. '1.1.L 1. -J .1 1 ° n that in* saia wia mar. ne was an ignorant man. He admitted telling complainant that. if he im- posed himself anv longer on. his presence he would knook him down. The patient was isolated. Miss Morton telephoned to witness to coma round to I tho house as complainant had said he would re- move the pat ent in the van. He had had great provocation in the case. Ho was defending a dying lad, and was do;ng 4h0 best he could for a patient. He was sorry, however, that he lost his temper. Mi?s Morton, sister of the patient. raid Mr. Hudson came to tho house, and after asking some questions said he would send the van round at throe o'clock Her father and mother were verv ¡,wot and sent her to telephone to the doctor. Mr. Hudson owned to ordering the van in the presence of Dr. Kenyon. The Cha/rmnn announced that the bench wero presence of Dr. Kenyon. The Cha/rmnn announced that the bench were unanimous that an assault was committed, and they fined Dr. Fisher 10s. and costs. They also ordered him to pay the advocate's fee. They did not bind him over, but hoped he would take warning, because he threatened complainant twice They thought he had some provocation, otherwise tho fino would have been heavier. He lost his temper, as he acknowledged. The summons for throats would be dismissed on payment of costs.
Mr. A. Richardson of the Chester Union was on Wednesday the recipient of a handsome oak writing desk on behalf of the officials, in addition to the gift which we recorded last week. The presentation of the writing desk was made by Mr. Wm. Dugdale, labour master. Mr. J. Rigby (master) spoke of the good feeling which existed between him and the officials, and Mr. A. Richardson suitably responded, SAVINGS BANK CLOCK.—We are officially informed that owing to the requirement of exten- sive repairs this clock, which is of such great service to the public, will be stopped for several days from last Monday,
WHITCHURCH. A meeting of this Board was held on Friday, Mr. W. H. Smdh (vice-chairman) presiding in the absence of Mr. Langley, through sickness. Other members present were M'r. R. P. Ethelston, Col. Barnston, the Rev. R. B. Faulkner, Major God- sal, Messrs. E. J. Howell, T. M. L. Vernon, J. Woollaro, E. P. Thompson, R. Pearson, H. Robinson, J. N. Joyce, T. Done, R. T. Smith, jun., W. C. Roscoe, and W. Penk, with the clerk (Mr. Geo. Richardson) and the relieving officer (Mr. T. T. Chubb).-It was reported that the Master was not able to attend through sickness.— Before proceeding with the business of the meet- ing, the Vice-chairman said they all regretted that Mr. Langley was again unable to bo present through sickness. He suggested that the clerk write to Mr. Langley, expressing the regret of the Guardians at the causo of his absence, and also expressing the hope that his reoovcry would bo speedy and permament. (Hear, hear.) This was unanimously agreed to.-It was reported that the porter was going on satisfactorily. The question of teaching him baking was raised, and it was decided that there was no necessity for this, for the present, at all events.-The Corwen Union wrote submitting a resolution in reference to vaccination expenses, and asking the Board to support it. This was allowed to lie on the table.—Dr. Leigh's re-appointment as mcdclal officer for the Marbury district was formally sanctioned by the Local Government Board.
HAWARDEN. A meeting of the Hawarden Board of Guardians was held at the Workhouse, Broughton, on Fri- day, the Chairman (Mr. W. Fryer) presiding. WARM DISCUSSION. A GUARDIAN CRITICISED. A somewhat heated discussion arose with reference to a statement of aocounta relating to certain property belonging to a deceased lunatic, who had been maintained by the ratepayers. On the death of the woman the guardians claimed a house and land belonging to her and appointed Mr. Wynn, a guardian to oolloot the rent. The property was afterwards purchas ed by Mr. Wynn's father for £100. There was a mortgage on the property for J680. The furniture of the woman sold for £10, and the final result was that there was a deficiency to the ratepayers in respect of the maintenance of the woman of about JE21. Several guardians said there was a feeling in trtie district that the house had not realised its full value. Mr. Hampson suggested that the remedy was for the gentleman who had purchased the pro- perty to withdraw from the transaction or pay the difference required by the guardians. That would be the most honourable way out of the difficulty. Mr. Roberts (Well House) concurred. They were informed that the house had been sold be- neath its value. The guardians had been losers on acoount of Mr. Wynn using his position and knowledge as collector^ not in the interests of the guardians. The purchaser, or those interested, were morally bound to put the property up by public auction. The Clerk (Mr. H. Goodman Roberts) said the mortgagee (Mr. Jonoe) came to him by request to let him see the mortgage deed. He told Mr. Jones the guardians could not pay the money as they did not own the property. He (the clerk) afterwards heard that the property had been sold for £100. He was no judge of the value of the property as he had not seen it. He denied that there had been any neglect on his part. Mr. Catherall thought the Clerk ought to have informed the Board when the mortgagee sold the house. Mr. Williams said he had since seen the mort- gagee, who denied having to do with the sale of the property. Mr. Hampson asked whether Mr. Wynn had any right to inaugurate the sale of the house without first consulting the guardians. Mr. Roberts said Mr. Wynn was the collector for the property and knew more about it than anyone else. The Chairman agreed with the several speakers that the transaction ought not to have taken plaoe. Mr. Hughes considered that the matter ought not to pass as it reflected on the guardians. W hy was not the property sold by public auction? Mr. Wynn said he had nothing to do with the selling ot the house or the buying of it. He was neither the seller nor the buyer. He did not know before the transaction that his father had offered £ 100; he did not know whether the house was going to be sold privately or by auction. He was perfectly innocent in the matter. His father offered £100, and he said in the office of Mr. Roberts at Mold that 'he simply wanted what was right. Mr. Catherall: The Clerk said he had nothing to do with the sale of the house. Mr. Hampson: Why should Mr. Wynn's father have the preference? Mr. Wynn It was simply an offer to the Clerk, not knowing whether it was private or public. I should like Mr. Roberts to withdraw one state- ment in his speech referring to a member of the Board. It is rather hard when I am perfectly innocent. Mr. Roberts I shall not withdraw anything. The Clerk said there was no negotiation be- tween him and Mr. Jones about the sale. Mr. Wynn told him that he had made arrangements for the sale and asked him what the cost of the conveyano3 would bo. A member: Jobbery. Mr. Catherall asked what power Mr. Wynn had from the guardians to sell the house. If lhe had no power to sell the houso they must break the contract. Mr. Roberts: I cannot withdraw anything I said. Mr. Wynn had been appointed by the guardians as collector, and he knew more about this property than anybody else. I must reiterate that he used his position not in the interests of the guardians. (Hear, hear.) Mr. CatheTall moved that a letter be sent to the person who bought the house that it had come to the notice of the guardians that the house would fetch more money, and that they hoped the purchaser would pay £ 31, which seemed to be the amount short, or offer the house by public auction. Mr. Hampson seconded, and tho proposition was carried nem. con. Mr. Catherall complained that there were some neutral guardians in tho room. He did not be- lieve in being neutral in a matter of that sort It woii,ld have suited him far bettor to be neutral. The attitude he had taken had g.ivcn.him a great deal 'of pain. Mr. Sidney Taylor said he was neutral because he had not heard the whole of the discussion. Mr. Catherall said he was not referring to Mr. Taylor. Mr. John Wright s-a/d it pained him very much, boeauso he had heard a good deal about the character of that gentleman. That waa the reason why ha did not vote. He. was quite pre- pared to vote. The subject then dropped. THE RECTOR AND BURIAL FEES. GENEROUS ACTION. The Clerk read a lengthy letter from Canon Harry Drew with regaid to the increased fees for burials at Broughton. He regretted that ho did not feel justified in, making any reduction in tho caso of burials from the workhouse. He did not know how it had come about that the fees at the two d strict churches differed from each other, and both had been lower than the parish church. It was an irregularity which should now cease, and he was informed by the Ecclesiastical Com- missioners that they should be brought into line with the foes of the mother church, which wero, he might say, very low (2s. lowor than those, fixed by the Chancellor of the. Diocoae for the daughter pan:sh of Buckicy in 1896). He felt it unfair to the district of Broughton that the guardians should pay lower fees than they did themselves. It simply meant that they wore themselves mulcted because the workhouse had ohosezi their district. There was no doubt tha.t. an extension f their burlaA ground would not have been neces- sary for ma.ny yoais but for the presence in their midst of the workhouse. On examining the regis- ters he found that out of 210. burials since Jan., 1899, forty had been from the workhouse. That was practically one-fifth. In former years the proportion would probably have been even larger, as the surrounding population had somewhat in- creased in tlio last few years. But taking the one-fifth, then if tho guardians had contributed their fair p.oportion to the extension it should have been JB40 instead of £20. The cost of the extension had been just £ 216. It had been a veiy heavy sum for the district to find. He did not know how it would have been found but for tho fact that the late rector never took any of the fees to which lie was entitled, but always placed. them in the Savings Bank, so that ho (Canon Dmw) had been enabled to contribute £ 84 in that way towards the. extension. He could not help thinking the I;iard;ns would see tho justice of their being asked to pay exactly the same foes as the people of the district. The expenses of the workhouse funerals were paid by the rates of the union area, and as the people buried came from that area it seemed to him a most proper thing that tho union should pay the fee which everyone e-Ise was called upon to pay Ho added that ho proposed to continue the late rector's pian of setting as/:d", such fees as belonged to him for the benefit of the district. In reply to a guardian the Clerk explained that they had formerly paid 6s. 2d., and were now asked to pay 8s. Tho Board took no action in the matter. VACCINATION FEES. The Corwen Guardians wrote that the vaccina- tion expenses in their union had trebled SillCO the Vaccination Order of 1398 came into opera- tion. They asked the Hawarden Guardians io adopt a resolution to the effect that the Vaccina- tion Act should be thoroughly revised, and the cost of the administration of the same amended to tbe extent that only tho children of paupers should be vaccinated or re-vaccinated at tho expense of tho matter was referred to a committee. I
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THE CLERK'S SALARY. INCREASE OF WORK. At the meeting of the District Council the Clerk drew attention to the great increase in committee wo--k. and asked the Board to consider whether the salary he was receiving was adequate for that increase There had been 60 committee meetings in respect of sanitary work instead of three, and there were several extra committee books to bo kept. They were about to spend 220,000 m two years on the Hawarden district sewerage scheme. In 1901 their expenditure on sanitary matters waa £ 989. 10s.. whereas for the year ended March last it was £ 2,323, two and a half times as much. The Clerk explained that his work had increased in other directions, aiM expressed the hope that be- fore the end of the year the Council would see their way to put his salary on a fairer basis.
RIFLE SHOOTING AT SCHOOL. 0 CHESHIRE MAGISTRATES' MEMORIAL. LORD LONDONDERRY'S REPLY. We have received the following communication from Earl Egerton of Tatton, Lord-Lieutenant of the county of Chester: — Sir,—I have received from the Lord President of the Council tlic- enclosed answer to the memorial from the Justices of the Peace of the county of Chester, embodying the resolutions passed at the Quarter Sessions on 16th October, in favour of the instruction of boys of a suitable a.ge in mili- tary drill and the use of the rifle as part of the curriculum; of all schools receiving grantte from public funds, the cost thereof being made a charge upon the Imperial Exchequer. I have received permission from Lord London- derry to send a copy to the Press, and shall be obliged if you will msert it in. your next issue.— Yours faithfully, EGERTON OF TATTON. 7, St. James's Square, S.W., 20th Nov., 1905. [ENCLOSUISE.] Board of Education, Whitehall, London^. S.W., November 18th, 1905. Dear Lord Egerton of Tatton,—I have read with great interest the important speech you made in submitting to the Justices of the Peace for Cheshire, at their Quarter Sessions meeting, tho suggested memorial on the subject of military in- struction in schools. I have also considered letters addressed to you. as Lord-Lieutenant of the county, by Lord Roberts and the Londou Cham- ber of Commerce, asking you to take steps. to raise funds for the support of a oentraJ body to promote rifle shooting as a national pursuit, and to call a public meeting in the county for the pur- pose of organising clubs, obtaining grants of land, etc. I have also given most careful attention to tho original letter addressed to the "Times'1' by Lord Roberts en June 9th. In my pnvale capacity, as you no doubt know, I have co-ope.ratcd with Lord Durham to pro- mote) miniai-uie rifle shooting in the county of Durham and I may therefore claim to have shewn sympathy of a practical kind with Lord.' Roberts s m,1.iu object. But I am bound to say that in my judgment a step so serious as the establishment of a State-organised system of military drill and tho use of the rifle in all schools receiving grants fiom public funds can bo taken, if at all, only when the voluntary efforts, to vsrhioh Lord Roberts's appeal directly points, liave proved suc- cessful, and have shewn that people- are ready not merely to approve the- idea, but to give sub- stantial assistance in working it out in their own neighbourhoods. To- move prematurely on such lines would almost inevitably provoke a reaction of an unfortunate kind. Moreover, I observe that it is an essential point of the memorial, as finally adopted; by the jus- tices. that the entire cost, which would be no small matter, s-houid be borne by the Imperial Exchequer. The taxpayers have already to bear no small burdens, and to impose a large new burden, before tho country has given any tangible proof that it welcomes the purpose for which the charge is imposed, is hardly within the bounds of possibility For these two main reasons I venture to sug- gest, in reply to- the memorial, that a movement of the kind indicated by Lord Roberts, and es modified in the important particular dealt, with by his recent letter to you, from which you read an extract—that is a movement in the first in- stance on local and voluntary lines-is the best method at present available for working towards tho object which is sought. That, I conceive, is that citizen, from his youth up, should be able to handle a. rifle with fair skill, and should be- alert, vigorous and accustomed to discipline. I need hardly repeat that no one de- sim-s moro earnestly than myself that this object should be attained at the earliest possible moment me, etc., (Signed) LONDONDERRY. The Earl Egerton of Tatton, 7, St. James's Square, S.W.
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE v. PREACHING.— "To me it is utterly absurd to close a school for the sake of preaching meetings," said Dr. Humphrey Williams, the chairman at Flintshire Education Attendance Commit tee meeting. The Carmel Council School, near Holywell, hag been closed for two days owing to theFlintshire Welsh Congregational Church quarterly meetings being held at an adjacent chapel. He further observed, "The school would do much more good than preaching meetings for the scholars." Preaching meetings and harvest thanks- giving services had been the means of most of the schools in the rural districts being closed for three and four days during the month. The committee considered that the chapels should arrange the services, so as not to interfere with school attendance.
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