P, ID) E A I Itl, ix :f-I .1 I.. ASK FOR 'CAMBRIAN' JL X A x TABLE WATERS, FROM THE NOTED ARTESIAN SPRING, RUTHIN Write for particulars- Address—Manager, Cambrian Works. Ruthin, North Wales. HUGH WILLIAMS. TAILOR AND DRAPER, CHAPEL PLACE, DENBIGH. Begs to inform the public generally that he has on view an excellent ASSORTMENT OF NEW GOODS o the latest design, and of the best quality that money can procure. LIVERIES of every description execut on the shortest notice. 4 Riding Breeches, a Speciality. ELW. being a practical Tailor and Cutter (holder of a Diploma) and having a staff of experienced work- men fit and style is guaranteed, consistent with MODERATE CHARGES. A TRIAL ORDER RESPECTFULLY SOLICITED. T. J. WILLIAMS, Denbigh, Begs to announce that all Departments in both Establishments have just been replenished with a large Assortment of NEW GOODS, Bought for Cash, Bought for Cash, And will be offered at most] advantageous prices T. I. VYi;JLIAMS assures his Customers that this is a grand opportunity to secure all classes of the Newest Goods at extraordinary low prices. A Grand Display Is now made of NEW GOODS suitable for Christmas Presents AND New Year s Gifts. ■k > — AN EARLY CALL IS SOLICITED. 0 A 64, HIGH STREET & TEMPLE BAR, DENBIGH. /"y jj" ✓"■v r™ (C^ Balm o Gilead fu yj| » i^J iXxIH U GEORGE'S PILLS i mi." "They are more than Gold to me-they saved my life." One wonders that things so small should produce such mighty results." PILE & GRAVEL 1 1a11j of my customers have been cured who have suffered for twenty years." 8 The three forms of this Remedy:— No. 1.—George's Pile and Gravel Pills | II | Q Hp. 2.■- George's Gravel Pills | | L O ;?'3,-George's Pills for the Piles. In Boxes, Is. Ilcl, and 2s. 9d. each; by post, Is. 3d. and 3s. Proprietor :-J. E. GEORGE, M.R.P,S., Hirwain, Glam. X»I3:: IIT-U CHESTER, S CARNARVON, & ST. HELENS, Illustrated T.nn V Catalogues F0B CS^T v sent post free on t application. High Chss —:—rr- g C\. c. Pianos from 10s. per month Zr Organs from 5s. ditto. EIRE SYSTEM or CASH. TUNERS visit all parts of North Wales periodically. flead Office & Show Rooms-51, Bridge St. Row. Chester. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA CAMBRENSIS (Welsh) Edited by the late Rev. JOHN PARRY, D.D., Bala. A ndW ISM- this great National Work is now out of Press, in which above EIGHTEEN HUNDRED Im portant Artblfco, with the latest Statistics, &c., &c., have been added; the Geographical, and other Articlee and Maps are brought down to date. Edited by THOMAS -GEE. In 10 super royal 8vo. volumes, pries c I- Ie" in 'wards half bound in Persian morocco, £ 8 8s. Od.: full bound in ditto, £ 9 9s. Od.; ditto, extra, £ 10 Uk Od. With gilt edges, £ 11 5s. 6d. ANCIENT AND MODERN DENBIGH. Descriptive Histories of the Castle, Borough, and Liberties with sketches of the lives and exploits of the Feudal Lords'AND'Military Governors of the fortress to its final siege, &c. By JOHN WILLIAMS. Price 5s in boards, DENBIGH. AND DENBIGH CASTLE:-Price 6d. BOARDS OF GUARDIANS. Co-Citation, Duties, &c. Compiled for the use of Guardians, in Wales and Monmouthshire. By Po. T Ü. ioH is;, General Inspector Local Government Board. Price 3d. May be had in English or Welsh. Popery and Protestantism brought to the test of God's Holy Word, in be f j-coi cl i Cateciam, for the use o Schools and Families. By the late Rev. T. PHILLIPS, D.D., Agen to the British & Foreign Bible Society. Price 2d. THE ENGLISH-WELSH HANDBOOK, AND VOCABULARY. ByRav T Lr.. PHILLIPS, B.A. Price Is. Qd .in boards. AN ENGLISH AND WELSH DICTIONARY "Whei va only the Words, out also the Idioms and Phraseology tbeEnglish Language are careful translated mto Welsh, bv proper and equivalent Words and Phrases. 1* which is added, a Disaertationon »6E Welili Lang '.age, with remarks on its Poetry, &c. By the Rev. JOHN WALTERS. In 2 vols., 1 10s.OOF, iooftrda
CAMBRIAN GOSSIP .r' A V'chriw plaintiff, writing on mat. 11 i esstoanoBEcialoftheMerthyrCcu • C 'urr, /ridded the startling i .S.:—'I wii- '"I on the Judgment Day 000 '(;'t.pel y Beirdd,' a Baptist chape in Y.rth Wales, is so designated became i' as huilt chiefly through the efforts ot t)pAi í ,v n o Eifion and R. ab Gwilym Ddu II 000 Mr. Beriah Gwynfe Evans has for some 1 ■v-tks pust been making researches in the Briciah Museum and the Records Offict, assd It is now announced 'that the discoveries he hli made will completely upse' many previously accepted theories with regard to the so called Methodist revival in Wales' 000 The Bishop elect of Bangor is to be con ..ecrat d in St. Paul's Cathedral on Thur* day, February 2nd, and the Primate wiii officiate Dr Williams will do homage to the Queen at Osborne a few days later ar>■' his enthronement in Bangor Cathedra- is to take place during the following week, « tha he will be able to enter upon MI* episcopal duties at the beginning Lent. 000 The football fever on Saturday reached even unto Cefn Coed, where one old e tleman was so indignant at what he called the 'rheibath' which had fallen on the people that he br ke out with, 'M'i'r hllH wylltineb hyn am wara football yn iiwr o ddod a ni lawr; fysa 'ma ddim hanar, n* I chwartar yawn sa John Elias ne W lli wius o'r Wern i fod yn pregethu yn 'Bertaw;i heddy, ach y fi.' 000 Mr. Marchant Williams, of the South Wales Circuit, has been appointed Corn missioner to conduct an inquiry into the charities of Montgomeryshire. The inquiry into the charities of Carmarthenshire, which Mr. Williams carried out, is now practical i A., over, and the completed report will be laid on the table of the House of Commons early in the coming Session, and will then be ready for distribution. The inquiry in Montgomeryshire will extend to 60 par ishes. 000 A correspondent, in a contemporary calls attention to the fact that while in the great libraries of London, Manchester, and Liverpool, Welsh literature is well repre sented, in the public library of Birmingham there is not a single book of Welsh pnems or any book dealing with Welsh poetry, Jtnd that Welsh literature L represented by one solitary wcrk which can only be read by students who are familiar with very early Welsh. Now that public attention has been called to this fact, the Welshmen of that city are up in arms. 000 Lay justices of the peace do not apparent ly get overwhelmed with reverence at police courts down West, for a current issue of a Carmarthenshire paper saysThere was an amusing incident at Llandilo Petty Sessions recently. Just as the magistrates entered the court a Pressman rose for the purpose of adjusting his coat. Two or three strange solicitors who were present, mis taking his action for an act of respect to the bench, also stood up, and immediately the whole court absent-mindedly followed suit, aad thus paid the magistrates a compliment which is usually reserved for those servants of her Majesty who preside over the higher courts.' 000 Professor Barbier speaking of languages declared that if French was the language of men, German of soldiers, Spanish of God's saints, Italian of women, English of birds, surely Welsh was the language of angels If the Welsh were not enterprising on a large scale they were venturesome. If they di not make money they saved it. They were good bankers. The Welshman was an exception to the rule in the matter of national drinks. The French drank wine, which called for coffee; the English drank beer, which called for something stronger- gin the Irish drank stout, which called, for something hotter—whisky and the Scotch drank whisky. The Welsh drank Adam's ale which the French called duck's milk.' 000 Every school and college has its own special characteristic and according to Mr. O. M. Edwards, the particular characteristic of the men trained at Aberystwyth is their 'cymmwynasgarwch'—a readiness to 'oblige or to do a good turn for one another. This trait in his character,' declares Mr. Edwards in Cymr'u' Plant, is the secret of the success of Mr. T. E. Ellis. In school, in college, or in Parliament, he would do a service even to an enemy And there, is Mr. J. A. Jenkins, the registrar of the South Wales University College this valuable trait character- ises him also. And wherever I inquire as to the Aberystwyth men—whether they be teachers, ministers, doctors, lawyers, farmers shopkeepers, or whot not—this readiness-to serve explains their prosperity.' But will not Mr. Edwards tell us the characteristics of the men of the Cardiff and Bangor Colleges ? GOO 'Twas ever true that 'history repeats itself' (writes Councillor Good), and I will mention a late recurrence-an incident of interest to Cardiff' generally. Cardiff' has recently magnificiently congratulated Lord Kitchener of Khartoum on his splendid clearance of the Dervish pest on the Upper Nile. Exactly one hundred years ago Car- diff cordially thanked Lord Nelson, through his Majesty King George III., for his great victory over Buonaparte at the mouth of the Nile, where, after a twelve hours' fight, Nelson captured nine vessels, burnt two, and killed and captured 5,000 Frenchmen. Cardiff was overjoved, and sent a loyal and dutiful address. The musty pages of the old county paper, the Worcester Ilerald, dated January 12th, 1799, contain the following: 'An address from the town of Cardiff, on the late naval victory, was presented to his Majesty at the levee by Lord Evelyn Stuart son of the Marquis of Bute.' 000 In the course of a very practical leader on the relief of the aged poor, the Cymro (Liverpool) remarks that 'one of the chief defects of Nonconformity, especially in Wales, is the absence of charitable institu- tions on the lines of the old almshouses. In many neighbourhoods may be found three or four chapels where one, or at most two, would have sufficed. Is it too much to expect, now that the four Nonconformist denominations are drawing nearer each other, that among the blessings to be anticipated early in the new century will be to have one Nonconformist chapel only in places where there are now four, and to have the remaining three converted into charitable and educational institutions ? The Jews maintain their own poor. A Jew is never seen in a Workhouse or receiving parish relief. There is no insurmountable difficulty in the way of Welsh Nonconform- ists following their example in this re spect.'
W M E N S CHAT. /J-r, f* D teetor of Her Majesty's journeys' s: iiMmi (shortly be sent off to thoroughly (!,e Qu eii's quarters tt Cimiez, return- tt i it- Iii conduct the Royal party over. always accompanies the Sovereign's f'i> i<t irim from Cherbourg, which invariably .i pn thirteen cars, three of which are b earn At night. the speed of this train n x(-eds twenty miles an hour, and it aw 6 h ^tojipe i—wherever it may happen to be f Her Majesty desires to make her toi*i' or partake of a meal. The office of '» <• or A Her Majesty's journeys' is very fur £ ■ <MII being a sinecure, and the responsibi. lity- which it entails are of an overwhelming chamctei —o— With the exception of Royalty, Mdlle. Anna Fiei'i t. perhaps the most luxurious traveller of to "ay. Outside, her private car is painted a d h ).e hiiv the runnin, gear being dark red. i,h,- (jec(-)rations are in white and gold, tii. c ipets bciug of cream coloured velvet. Tin r,)oiii boasts a piano, and the ti-ti-j,L ,y of .hairs and couches; whilst the fciMveiling kitch n attached is always presided isv i bv a v,-ry distinguished chef. -0- Y an-aher happy owner of a veritable rail" pa!a< e on wheels,' the cost of which was no than 96,000, is Mrs. Mackey. Other wonie" possessing luxurious private cars are d1 Count eRIS Petoska and the Baroness de H I i, The new saloon, specially made f r t h u^e of President Faure, by the Western Company, is a magnificent affair. It is (tivide(i into a drawing room, s'eeping apart- in t. dressing room, and two small ante rooms, fl;, it) r ranged as to give access from either en tdin'ng room car and a guest room. o I lamps, throwing a very soft light, are the i!!urn nant. —o— As most people are aware, President Farm- beuan life as an apprentice to a tanner -it H n rh. Since his accession to the great post tie n x%, holds, however, he has risen admirably t • a sens* of the obligations of his new posi- tion. itid few would recognise in him the self- ma e man The same can scarcely be said of b s w fe She has, unfortunately, retained her >-&> ly manners, and could not fail to be taken fo t she really is—a 'petite bourgeoise.' Their < nly child is a highly educated, beautiful, afid gilct-d girl, who does much to smooth the way for her mother, wIn frequently finds her paths so difficult to tread. —o— Grims'horpe Castle, where the Countess of Anuaster has been nursing her son through a sev -re attack of bionchitis, is one of the finest 8elts in the kingdom It stands in an immense park. four miles in extent, and full of ancestral oaks, and giant thorns. The castle contains ,4 some magnificent rooms, the dining room being especially tine, and hung with superb old Gobelin tapestry, which came into the family by a marriage of the Duke of Suffolk (anances- tor) with Mary Tudor, Queen Dowager of France. There is a very tine suite of state drawing rooms, the centre one containing a beautiful white marble mantlepiece and ceiling. The pictures are a great feature of the house an.1 form a most valuable collection. —o— No less than three silver weddings will be celebrated in the Royal circles in Europe this year. First on the list come the Duke and Duchess of Saxe Cobui g Gotha (January 23rd), next thê Duke Charles Theodore of Bavaria and Princess Maria Josepha of Braganza (April 29th), and then the Grand Duke Yaldimir of Russia, who will have been married for twenty five years on August the 28th. The silver wed- ding of the Duke and Duchess of Saxe Coburg Gotha wi l be preceded by a serenade and torchlight procession in the Court of the Chateau of Friedenstein at Coburg, on the eve- ning of Sunday next—the 22nd. On the fol- lowing day, there will be a grand Court from ten to twelve, at six a gala dinner, and a gala performance in the Court Theatre for invited guests at eight. The festivities will conclude with a ball at the Palace on the 24th. —o— Speaking of Royal weddings, it is fortunate for modern Royal brides that the all important ceremony does not occupy as long a time as it did in the ol-len days. When Queen Mary married Phillip of Spain, the ceremony in the Cathedral lasted four hours. The Queen was dressed for the occasion in a robe richly bro- caded, on a gold ground, with a long train splendidly bordered with pearls and diamonds of great brilliancy. The large sleeves were caught up with clusters of gold, set with pearls and diamonds, her coif being bordered with two rows of large diamonds. So far, the dress was in good, taste but scarlet shoes, and, bro- dequins, and a black velvet staff, which were added to this costume, would not now be con- sidered as improvements. —o— In Spain, marriages ta:ke place by day or by night. If the young people are well-to-do, the ceremony comes off in the early part of the morning. The bride wears a plain black silk gown, with a train, and a black mantle. At an early hour, she repairs to the church with her mother for confession the bridegroom, ac- companied by his padrone or best man, having one to his own parish church for the same purpose. The marriage service in a measure recalls that of the English Church. Theie are two wedding rings—one for the bride and one for her consort. When the man says With all my worldly goods I thee endow,' he pours six. teen cjins into the hands of the bride. The money is called ']a aras,' and the bride does as she likes with it. -0- Draped tunics of cashmere, sometimes bor- dered throughout with fine silk fringe, are being worn over a complete underdress of cash- mere or velvet, in some contrasting colour, the sleeves of course being of the same material as the skirt and underbodice. A gown of this description in soft grey cashmere, with a kind of pinafore drapery, and a tunic cut in points back and front, I saw at a wedding recently. The underbodice, long tight sleeves, and full skirt were of sapphire blue velvet. The effect was delightful. -0- The blouse still merrily runs its course, and shows no sign of waning favour. Strong con- trasts though are avowed. No one dreams of donning a light blouse on a dark skirt. If the skirt be black, the blouse must be touched with this sombre hue, and any scheme of colour in it, extended to the skirt in some shape or form. For dinners at restaurants, and for theatre or concert wear, blouses are built high. which is distinctly a move in the right direction, for, in addition to being more suitable, the wearer runs far less chance of taking a chill. -0-' Apropos of chills, it is extraordinary how few women there are who dream of removing or even loosening their wraps on entering a warm room or heated building. They retain their outer garments, and sit muffled up, as though encountering an east wind, and then marvel how it is they are so often taking cold. One afternoon last week, when a particularly vicious wind was raging round the corners and playfully gambolling with bushels of dust in the roadways, I attended a drawing.room meet- ing. Out of about a hundred women assembled, only four or five had shed their outer coverings in the vestibule The others sat simmering in velvets and furs. They were smart enough, hut irrationally clothed. The women who had divested themselves of their warm coats before entering the room, presented an attractive con trast to their over heated neighbours, and on leaving found fullest protection in the tem- porarily doffed garments left in charge of the servants. At church, in the same way, the warm outer coverings are worn during the whole service, hardly any woman going further than to remove a boa or collarette. In this country of bronchial and pulmonary disorders, such practices as the above are positive in vita- tioas to ailments of the sort. Asparagus plumes are much in demand in the decoration of dinner tables. They are grace- ful, and will keep fresh in water after they are cut for an amazing length of time. They are really far to be preferred to maidenhair fern, which quickly droops, is more difficult to ar- range to advantage, and is much more expen- sive. By the way, the round or oval dinner table is the correct thing. The Prince and Princess of Wales have long patronised both, so also have the Duke and Duchess of York. —o— Potted Shrimps.-Place one pint of picked shrimps in a pan with two ounces of butter, and a little cayenne and salt. When hot through, press the mixture into pots, and when cold, pour butter or lard over the top to ex- clude the air. MADGE.
THE HON. G. T. KENYON ON WELSH EDUCATION. The Hon. G. T. Kenyon has sent the follow- ing letter to the Times,' and we quote it with much pleasure Sir,—It is refreshing to find my old friend Mr. Stanley Leighton still labouring under the pleasant hallucination that he alone, the very Abdiel amongst the faithless, can interpret the wishes and feelings of his Welsh neighbours. He rightly divines, however, that the crux to be solved in any reform of the system of second, ary education in England, will be the composi- tion of the local authorities who will have to administer the Act. Where he misses the mark is when he suggests as a competent authority for that purpose a hybrid committee of which only one-third is to be iepresentative. Those who have worked the Welsh Act will have no difficulty in assuring him that not even Lord Sandford could have made such an arrangement acceptable to the Welsh people. As a matter of fact, the extraordinary success of the Act (co which Mr. Fearon has recently drawn at ten tion) is mainly due to this-that its framers recognized from the first, what Mr. Coxhead calls in your issue of yesterday heresy,' that the administrators of the funds must be elect- ed.' As he justly adds, I an authority which cannot spend money is no authority at all.' Any other system in Wales at any rate would have been foredoomed to failure. It is true that in some instances the county governing bodies are to a large extent Liberal and Non- conformist. This, I fear, does not please Mr. Leighton. But, after all, let us be honest and acknowledge that this Liberalism and Noncon- formity is the exponent of Welsh opinion as it at present exists. A large number of Church- men and Conservatives might easily have found places on these bodies, if an influential section of them had not chosen the suicidal policy of boycotting the Act, instead of endeavouring to co operate with educationalists from whom on other matters they differed. Fortunately, in many cases wiser counsels have prevailed, and where thjs has been so there has been a very wide tolerance of individual opinion, and a great deal of very unanimous and good work accomplished. I fear there still linger on the Welsh border a few stalwarts of the stalwart, who cannot and will not trust the people. That is why the Welsh people cannot and will not trust them. It is not too late yet for our English friends to be wise in time and to choose the more excellent way. I am yours very faithfully, GEORGE T. KENYON. Llanerch Panna, Ellesmere, Jan. 7.
THE BEVERAGE OF THE PEOPLE. Let us glance at the ordinary breakfast bever- ages of the people. Tea, even if properly infused, is only a stimu- lant. It is not a nourishing beverage, and as usually decocted is washy, trashy, and deleterious. Coffee, even when of the best, and prepared in perfection as you will find in the East, where Mahommedans are forbidden by their religion to use alcohol, is only a cardiac or heart stimulant. It increases for a short time the power of that organ without being in any sense of the word a nourishing beverage. Cocoa.—The ordinary cocoa is not by any means a nourishing beverage, Its good qualities, either in the English or foreign varieties, are smothered in starch and sugir that induce and promote indi- gestion. Dr. Tibbies' Vi Cocoa is a nourishing beverage, containing four great restorers of vitality-Cocoa, Kola, Hops, and Malt. It stands out as a builder up of tissues, a promoter of vigour, and in short it has all the factors which make robust health. Being a deliciously flavoured beverage it pleases the most fastidious palate. Its active powers of diastase give tone to the stomach, and promote the flow of gastric juice, and however indigestible the food taken with it at any meal, it acts as a solvent and assimilative. Merit, and merit alone, is what we claim for Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa, and we are prepared to send to any reader who names THE NOltTH WALES TIMES a dainty sample tin of Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa free and post paid. There is no magic in all this. It is a plain, honest, straightforward offer. It is done to introduce the merits of Vi-Cocoa into every home. Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa as a concentrated form of nourishment and vitality is invaluable; nay, more than this, for to all who wish to face the strife and battle of life with greater endurance and more sustained exertion, it is absolutely indispensable. Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa can be obtained from all Chemists, Grocers and Stores, or from 60, 61, and 62, Bunhill Row, London, E. C.
When fortune pipes even cripples dance. White lies have to be frequently white- washed. The architect of his own fortunes seldom tires of building extensions. It is safe to consider any man smart if you can't find out how he does it. The biggest fault of some people is their un- willingness to be told their faults. Even in travelling over a thorny path it may not be necessary to step on all the thorns. Careful observation shows that wealth brings happiness—at least, as often as poverty does. If there's one thing above another that some people like to answer it's an unanswerable ar- gument. It is surprising how many good things a man reads in the course of an evening 'that should teach a lesson to his neighbours. Two things may be said in praise of the whole-souled egotist—his character is marred neither by insinceiity nor hypocrisy. Some of the best lessons we ever learn are taught by our mistakes and failures. The error of the'past is the wisdom and success of the future. Pa, what is a pessimist ?' A pessimist, my son, is a person who never goes out on his bicycle witnout expecting to puncture his tyre.' I love the good old-fashioned songs, And for good cause, as you'll allow A present joy to them belongs- Because nobody sings them now. 'Do you know a good tonic for nervous per- sons, Simpkins?' No; what I want to find is a good tonic for people who have to live with them.' Do you think opals are unlucky ?' inquired the superstitious man. Yes,' was the reply. My wife wants one, and its going to cost me three guineas.' 11 'Your daughter looks so much like you, Mrs. Greene, that I can hardly tell you apart.' Really ?' Yes; 'but don't tell her I told you so 1' Ethel: Yes, Fred told me that you threw him over. He thought you were awfully cruel.' Kitty And what did you tell him 1" I said that you were cruel only to be kind.' Why, Jack, I didn't know that she utterly refused you.' I It amounted to the same thing. She said she was willing t) wait until I could support her.'
THE PEACE CRUSADE. SIR. CECIL RHODES'S OPINION. By W. T. STEAD. There are two good tests of success in a public movement-" cash and cranks." If subscriptions are given it is certain that hearts are touched. If a movement is widespread some of the foolish ones of the earth will certainly have their say. Tried by these two tests the Peace Crusade, up to the time of writing, is certainly a success. There has been a steady stream of anonymous letters into headquarters at Talbot House during the past week. One of the broadsheets was returned with this written on the top: "To give you my opinion of you, I consider, if you claim to be a Briton, you are a disgrace to your country and deserve to be lynched. Happily the subscriptions have come, and with larger flow. The "volunteer idea has caught on, and half-crowns, mainly in postal orders, as sub- scriptions to the Cruside and to the paper and as enlistment for three months, have arrived by every post. These volunteers, once enlisted, have set to work to secure others. One warm-hearted friend enlisted on the Tuesday writes on Wednesday: I fired two effective shots to-day," and the two effective shots meant the enrolment of two other volunteers. Another volunteer writes: "Looking bad: to my childhood. I can only recollect one British war in which I could have engaged with enthusiasm or with a full sense of its rightness and necessity, and that one did not come off! It would have been England against Turkey, two years ago." Of the meetings the report is most encouraging. London is now fairly roused, and more than a dozen meetings are in course of arrangement in the districts which, cities in themselves, are over- shadowed by the greatness of the Imperial city of which they form part. Hackney or St. Pancras, Islington, Camberwell, or Paddington, by them- selves would each form first-class provincial cities. There can be no question what their response will be at their coming town's meetings. In Paddington, Sir George Fardell, M.P., and Mr. Aird, M.P., the two Conservative members for the district, are keenly interested in the whole matter, and are organising the meeting over which Sir George Fardell is to preside; and this is only typical of other places. The Battersea meeting, held after a gale which drenched the streets all day, was not so successful in numbers as had been hoped for, the Town Hall, which holds 3,000. being a little more than half full but the meeting was repre- sentative of all shades of opinion, as the pro- ceedings shewed, and the feeling throughout was cordial and enthusiastic. t When the Pilgrimage of Peace was proposed it was suggested that among the English delegates no better man could te found than Cecil Rhodes. The idea was ridiculed by those who did not know that Mr. Rhodes has always been the opponent of war. With the exception of the blunder of the Raid, he has always preferred to negotiate rather than to fight. Hence, it is not surprising that, on the very day of his arrival, Mr. Rhodes expressed his hearty sympathy with the objects of the Crusade, in which his most intimate friends, Lord Grey and Mr. Hawksley, are actively engaged. The practical point that struck the practical mind of Mr. Rhodes was the immense good that could be done with the money that will be saved if the Czar's proposal is a cepted. The immediate result would be the savinij by England of £ 14,000,000, which will otherwise be spent in building ships to match the r.ew Russian ironclads, which, if the Peace Conference succeeds, the Emperor will not build. With Z14,000,000 what might not be done? "One thing," says Mr. Rhodes, "you could certainly do with less than that sum. With P-10,000,000 you could complete the railway from the Cape to Cairo, and still have Pa. 000.000 to snare. „ When Mark Twain was in Africa-he wrote some- what cruelly about Mr. Rhodes that he hoped, if ever the great African were hanged, he might be there to hold the rope. But Mark Twain is now side by side with Mr. Rhodes in supporting the Czar's proposal. In an amusing autograph, pub- lished this week in the new number of War Against War, he contributes his shaft to the armoury of the Crusade. He says IN EQUIVALENTS FOH WATERLOO MLN. BY MARK TWAIN. VIENNA, January 9th. Dear Mr. Stead,—Peace by compulsion. That Eeems a better idea than the other. Peace by per- suasion has a pleasant sound, but I think we should not be able to work it. We should have to tame the human race first, and history seems to shew that that cannot be done. Can't we reduce the armaments little by little-on a pro ratd basis-by concert of the Powers ? Can't we get four Great Powers to agree to reduce their strength ten per cent. a year, and thrash the others into doing likewise ? For, of course, we cannot expect all of the Powers to be in their right minds at one time. It has been tried. We are not going to try to get all of them to go into the scheme peaceably, are we ? In that case I must withdraw my influence. Because, for business reasons, I n ust preserve the outward signs of sanity. Four is enough, if they can be securely harnessed together. They can compel peace, and peace without compulsion would be against nature and not opera- tive. A sliding scale of reduction, of ten per cent. a year, has a sort of plausible look, and I am willing to try that if three other Powers will join. I feel sure that the armaments are now many times greater than necessary for the requirements of either peace or war. Take war-time, for instance. Suppose circumstances made it necessary for us to light another Waterloo, and that it would do what it did before—settle a large question and bring peace. I will guess that 400,000;men were on hand at Waterloo-I have forgotten the figures. In five hours they disabled 50,000 men. It took them that tedious long time because the firearms delivered only two or three shots a minute. But we would do the work now as it was done atOmdurman, with shower-guns reining six hundred balls a minute. Four men to a gun-is that the number ? A hundred and fifty shots a minute per man. bus a modern soldier is one hundred and forty-nine Waterloo soldiers in one. Thus, also, we can now retain one man out of each one hundred and fifty in service, disband the others, and fight our Waterloos just as effectively as we did eighty-five years ago. We should do the same beneficent job with 2,800 men now that we did with 400,000 then. The allies could take 1,400 o the men. and give Napoleon 1,400, and then whip him. But, instead, what do we see? In war-time, in Germany, Russia, and Fiance, taken together, we find about 3,000,000 men equipped for the field, Each man represents 149 Waterloo men in usehil- ness and killing caparity. Altogether they con- stitute about 350,000.000 Waterloo men—and there are not quite that many grown males of the human race now on this planet. Thus we have this insane fact: that whereas those three countries could arm 18,000 men with modern weapons and make them the equals of 3,000,000 men of Napoleon's day, and accomplish with them all necessary war-work, they waste their money and the prosperity-creating forces of their populations in piling together 349.982,000 extra Waterloo equivalents, which they would have no sort of use for if they would only stop drinking, and sit down and cipher a little. Perpetual peace we cannot have, on any terms, i Fuppcse, but I hope we can gradually reduce the war strength of Europe till we get it down to what it ought to be-20,000 men, properly armed.. Then we can have all the peace that is worth while, and when we want a war anybody can afford it. MARK TWAIN. Anions the others who havo placed their pens and pencils at the disposal of the Crusade are Mr. Bjornson, the famous Norwegian novelist, Fere Hvacivithe, the illustrious French preacher, Mrs. I. T. Meade, Mr. Grant ALcn, Sarah Grand, Mr. Felix Moscheles, Mr. Silas K. Hocking, Mr. F. Carruthers Gould, Sir ewl9 Morris, Max Nordau, and many other eminen men of letters. "Ouida," the novelist, has written declaring that the moment is most inopportune for a Peace Crusade, because "England is given over to a roaring, ramping war lust." To whom Madame N, o vikoff wittily replies that it is the first time she ever heard that when the conflagration brealu out it is inopportune to call out the fire brigade, ■
There are no holidays given in this school of Expsriencr Younger Sister (sentimentally); They say tint love is blind.' Elder Sister: 'And dumb, too, I think.'