FREE /^x GIFT1 This beautiful work ot art by A. (or the companion picture JULIA 11) in 22 col ours.^ Size sent free to an; one 1 who sends HELENA. Kfl OUTSIDE WRAPPERS from blocks W or band labels from tins. New presentation picture entitled, "Her Eye. by Maurice Randall, will be ready in January, 1908, and copies will be reserved if required. Be sure and state which pictare you want and mention this paper. W.G.NIXEYT&iSSft NIXEY'S X id., 2d., and 4d. blocks. IXELENEn id., 21d., and Sd. tins. SPLENDID COLOURED PICTURE ALMANAC Given Free With To-day's Weeklp Courier (LIVERPOOL). j~RUBBER flPPLiAiiCES glff I I Dont Delay. Write to-day for large new revised 8 illustrated Book. Post free in sealed envelope. H N. W. C. ATKINSON'S, 9 56, HILL ST., MIDDLESBROUGH, I ESTABLISHED 36 YEARS. H MM AQQINP MPH HiULAOOii'tij ItMjAL I is AT LEAST (IMPROVED PROCESS) I I f,2 PER TON CHEAPER than other Feeding Stuffs. I I Farmers and Horsekeepers should use it instead and get 1 I BETTER HlSSIJLiTS. i Sold by all Corn Merchants, and THE MOlASSINE CO. (1907), Ltd., 36, Mark lans, London, E.G.
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(Continuation from 4th page.) FOOTBALL. FOOTBALL FIXTURES. FOR SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23rd, 1907. ENGLISH LEAGUE (DIV. I.). Sheffield United v. Notts County. Notts Forest v. Sheffield Wednesday.. Newcastle United v. Birmingham. Middlesbrough v. Manchester City. Manchester United v. Woolwich Arsenal, Liverpool v. Preston North End, Chelsea v. Bristol City. Bolton Wanderers v. Everton. Blackburn Rovers v. Sunderland. Astan Villa v. Bury. Division II. Grimsby Town v. West Bromwich Albion. Blackpool v. Hull City. Leeds City v. Burnley. Clapton Orient v. Oldham Athletic, Glossop v. Lincoln City. Gainsborough Trinity v. Barnsley. Stoke v. Bradford City. Leicester Fosse v. Derby County. Stockport County v. Fulham. Wolverhampton Wanderers v. Chesterfield. THE COMBINATION. Crewe Alexandra v. Bangor. Chester v. Na.ntwich, Chirk v. Wrexham. Druids v. Rhyl. Oswestry United v. Whitchurch. WELSH AMATEUR CUP (2nd Round). Llandudno Amateurs v. Conway. Colwyn Bay v. Rhyl Roservcs. Burtonwood v. Flint. Mold v. Connah's Quay. New Broughton v. Gworsyllt. Summerhill v. Brynibo. Rossett v. Esclusham White Star. Coed Pocth v. Ruthin-road, W rexham. Cofn v. Acrefair. Bala v. Portmadoo. Towyn v. Barmouth. Oswestry Reserves v. Royal Welsh Warehouse. Montgomery v. Newtown NO urn WALES AMATEUR CUP (2.nd Round) Holyhead v, Bangor Reserves. Mr W, Lt. Jones Caruan on v. Pwllheli. All the games to be played on the grounds of the first-named clubs IN7 ER-GOLLEGIATE MATCH. Normal .College v. University College, on the Bangor Town Ground.—Mr E. Lloyd Wil lia.T'.s
TO-MORROW'S INTER-COLLEGIATE MATCH. The return Inter-Collegiate match between the Normal College, Bangor, and the University College F.C. will take place on the Bangor Town Ground on Saturday, kick-off 2.45 p.m. Referee, Mr E. Lloyd Williams, Bangor.
GOLF. NORTH WALES GOLF CLUB. The monthly medal competition of the, North Wales Gold Club took p:'ace on Saturday in dulll weather. Mr C. Reynold;-) won with 90 mums 12, net 78. Mr H. Reynolds's and Mr E. A. Nce-lc's returns wore 85 and 87 respectively.
GEIRIONYDD RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. THE DOLWYDDELEN WATER SUPPLY, The monthly meeting of the above Rural Council was held at the Llanrwst Workhouse on Tuesday, the members present being the Rev. John Gower (chairman), Mr J. Lloyd Morris (vice-chairman), Rev. J. Ll. Richards, Messrs T. T. Roberts, Dolwyddelen; E. W. Roberts and Edward Roberts, Penmachno; Evan Williams, Capcl Curig, and D. G. Jones, Maenan; with the Clerk (Mr R. R. Owen), and tho Insnector (Mr R. II. Williams). THE SURVEYOR AND HIS DUTIES. Mr Lloyd Morris called attention to the fact that at the last meeting a. resolution was passed that the'man employed in flushing at Parimachno be stopped, but he found from the pay sheets that there was a bill sent in. The Surveyor said that several matters had stoppod him from carrying out the wishes of the Council. He expected that the Local Govern- ment Beard inspector would look into the mains at IJan, whilst passing through. It would not do for him to appoint a man who was not used to the work. Several circumstances had arisen to take up the greater part, of his time. The Chairman said the surveyor should have carried oub the wishes of the Council in the matter, and not take the responsibility upon himself. Mr Morris: How much experience does a man want to do the flushing of the mains at Pen- machno? The Surveyor replied that he should very much like to have time to go round each main and valve himself, and give two or three days to the matter. It was quite easy for a man who did not understand tho work to incur a great deal of oost. After further discussion, the Chairman in- structed the surveyor to carry out. the decision of the Council at once. THE CWM WATER WORKS. The Chairman gave a report of the inquiry held at Cwm a short time ago, and remarked that the inspector asked hundreds of questions, and the witnesses went through the ordeal well. GRANT. The Clerk reported the recoipt of a cheque for J640 2s 6d in respect of the Agricultural Rates Act. VITAL STATISTICS. The Medical Officer reported that during Oc- tober there were nine births and seven deaths, giving a death-rate of 16.8 per 1000 of the popu- lation. For the aomo month last year there were I4 births and three deaths. DOLWYDDELEN WATER SUPPLY. The Inspector reported that Bod Eifion, Dol- wyddelen, was situated on a steep hill above the village close to the main road, and was the highest house that was supplied with water by tho authority. The main ran parallel with the house, and was connected at right angles. There would be a much better chance of having a con- stantJ supply if it was connected at the side of the main some ten yards or so higher up the road. The only way under the existing oircum- stances to ensure a constant supply for the lava- tory and bathroom was to provide a forcing pump, the oost of which, including a supply cis- tern and fixing complete, would be about £10. It was decided to grant permission to Mr Bleddyn Lloyd to carry out the work himself. THE COUNCIL AND TIMBER HAULERS. The Inspector reported that timber had been dragged on the 29th October from Talarganin to Glyn farm. Ho visited the place on the 1st of November, and found two men with two horsea dragging from Glyn plantation to a certain point on Tynyberth road. Both roads were greatly damaged by the dragging and hauling, and they were nearly impassable. The wails of Glyn bridge had been thrown down. Hauling was commenced in the last week in Septembor, and there was still a large number of treos to be removed. The Chairman suggested that tho surveyor should give the merchants notice to stop drag- gi.ng along the road. but on the motion of Mr D. G. Jones, seconded by Mr Edward Roberts, it was decided to take legal proceedings. A CLOSED ROADWAY. The Inspector reported that in connection with the dosing of the. roadway at Penrallt, Llan. rhyc'l,vyn, he had an interview with the owner of Penrallt Feiia. He was now ready to overcome the difficulty by providing a stile, should the other owner agree. Mr Tsaao Williams had already made a road which joined the pathway to Trefiiw instead of rhe part compiained of, and In doing so avoided what had been a source of grievance for a lon time.
There are now three candidates for the Parliamentary vacancy in Wetst Hull—Mr Guy Wilson, Liberal; Mr James Holmes, Labour; and Sir George Bartley, Conservative and Tariff Reformer. It is announced that .next year's meeting of the Church Congress will be held in Manches- ter- It was intended that it should be held at Eastbourne, but the delay in anointing a new Bishop of Winchester is said to have made this inconvenient. The Holyv/all District Sub-committee of the Flintshire Education Authority ha.d before them, at their meeting at Fliut on Monday, re- ports as to various evenimr OMttinuatiom classes held in the country districts, from whioh it ap- peared that oeveral cla-sses wore very poorly attended. It was decided to discontinue ecmio of tho olassea.
■—i- —1—. ■•iaq æm1"illlli¡j!jillidUi1J'¡lliIl¡¡JillÆúM@1!úi!üllllr¡ii¡¡J]lIillWiÏÜ/jj¡¡illiùji¡lliI¡¡rQ!!¡ I 1 i WKcn Reblytng to Advertise- ?§ 3 t igi. || merits, £ lease men tton i| j^ ^THE^ PIONEER." j
GWAENYSGOR SCHOOL DIFFICULTY ENDED. FOUNDATION STONES LAID OF NEW SCHOOL. INTERESTING SPEECHES. From a "Pioneer" Reporter. Saturday will be a red-letter day in the his- tory of the pariah o £ Gwaenyegor, witnessing as it did the laying of the foundation stones of the new Council School. For about three years there has boon bitterness and turmoil in the district and meeting, aSter meeting of the Education Authority of Flintshire 'has been oc- cupied with discussions as to the course to bo pursued in oonnection with the educational difficulties in the parish- The first breach oc- curred when the schoolmaster was dismissed, tihen there was a movement to establish an un- denominational .school, after which followed police oourt proceedings concerning an affair at tihe National School, whan the magistrates expressed indignation that matters had reached sudh a pitdh. that a court of justice was re- quired to settle the affairs- With the widening o the broach a committee was formed to erect a R-IDW school, and into the movement Mr A. M. Ralli entered with muoii epirit, and did his best to oatileot subscriptiaiif-s. Matters pro- gressed apace, and tno next move was tho de- cision of t'ho County Education Authority, af- ter due inquiry. to erect a Council School- With Mr Molvenna's having £ 100,000 Appro- priation Funds tho Authority considered tnat they were entitled to a grant, and they havo been promised a ,portion of the funds. But as the (school irsust he erected be,ore March 31dt next it was mcoassary to puelh on matters, and the Education Authority selected a Kite, had plans drawn, and let. a oanlract of £ 800 to Mr Hughes for the erection of the school- The plans, were prepared' by Mr Evans, County Surveyor, and on Saturday last the ceremony of laying tho foondatian stones took place in the presence of a large i RECEPTION AT MfA, HALL. Mr M. A. Ralli of Mia Hall, with hie usual generosity, extended a hearty welcome to aU taking pai-t in tihe cenemony, and a large party was invited to join him at lunch prior to the ceremony. On tho arrival of the 1 p.m. train at Pandy Station, Dysenth, 'they found Mr M. A. RaUi. with his SOlD., Mr A. M. Ra,1h (vice- dhairman of the Education Committee') in wait- ing with two motor OiLro; These were used for taking- Mho party to Mia Hall, ahd there they were OnWrtqiiicdl to a most. Bumiptuous lunoheotn- In addition to other members of the Educa- tion Authority, thore were present Mr J. W. Summons (Chairman of the County Council), Mr T. W. Htzgiieg (Chairman of the Education Comimiitleo), and Dr. Humphrey Wiliiama (Chairman of the Standiiing Joint Police Oom- mittee). Mr J- Herbert. Lewis, M.P., who had promised to be present, telegraphed that he was confined to the bouse with a ooJd. The guests were made most welcome, and nothing 9 tvas wanting to make their stay at Mia Ilall pleasant and' enjoya.b!o. Mr J. W. Summer a gave the toajst of Mr M. A. Ralli, and .referred to that gentleman's generosity, and to the fact tihat no one ever went to Mia Hall but that they wore made welcome. In educational matters Mr Ralli, and also his eon, took the deepest interest. The toast was drunk with musical honours, and Mr M. A. Ralli, in responding, assured the oompany that he was delighted to see so many present, and it was a pleasure to him to do anything hie could for the education of the ris- ing generation- When they came to lay the foundation stones he trusted that. the gentle- men entrusted with tihat. task would' leave a little place inside the stonos in which to put and seal up for evor all their ivnihappy differences (applause)- These differences had been a torment to him for years past, and he hoped tha.t all parties would now join hands and work for tiho good 0: the young people whom they one and' all really hoped to benefit that day (a,pplauwa). Other toasts followed, and then the motor caM were placed at the service of the party to take them to Gvvaenysgor. Several of tho company, however, walked across to tihe vil- lage,, and1 ori tilio way had the opportunity of parsing through the masfnificetnt and beauti- fullv laid-out grounds of Mia Hall. .The villago of Gwaenyisgor has little in itself to oommond it to the tourist, although the .oponing" of tihe oaves hM done much to bring it to the front. It is situated on the top of a hill, ahd the situation, wliilo somewhat bleak, oommands a graaid view of the surrounding country and sea. The new school is to be erected on the out- skirts, ari(ii in a field a few hundred yards from the old sdhool. The now tsdhool will aooommo- ,da:t,, about 65 children,, and'one of the chief features of it is that there will be a fine verandah eurroumding it so that lessons in the open-air can be given if required. THE CEREMONY. Mr Peter Jones, of Halkyn, presided over the prooeedings, and after reading Mr Her- bert Lewis's telegram, «xprcs.oci' the uope that peaoo would now ireigri at Gwaenysgor. Mr J. W. Summers laid the first stone, and was presented with a silver trowel by Mias Price, Mr T. W. Hughes laid the second, and f-eoaived a like gift urom Miss McDonald, while Mr A. 1\1, Ralli, who laid the third etone, was handed' a silver trowel by Miss Roberts. After the fjtc-nctt had been "well and truly laid," Who company adjourned to the Wesleyan Ohapel, where Mr J. W. Summers presided over a crowded audience. He said he d'esired in the fLrst place to thank the givers of the trowel for their handsome present, which he would Always treasure. He would treasure it not only aa a record of a vory pleasant, core- mony, but as a token of the end of a dispute wlhich all regretted. No one would d'eny that they should have their schools well lighted and sanitary, a.nd he felt sure that the new schools would give tthem that blessing, and w,oiild suffice for the educatiotnal needs of the parish for many years to They all regretted the friction whioh had' taken place in that par- ish during the past, two yeans on the school question, but now tihat they had decided to open a now school he trusted that t.ho friction would subside, and that all would work for the ad- vancement. of education and the success of tho schools- Had it not been for tho action of the House of Lords in throwing ou.t Mr Birrell's Bill they would have boen saved tho unplea- santness which had taken place but Mr McKenna was to bring .in another Bill this session, and they Ihoped that the House of Lords would not reject it, and that it would be the means of saving the country the unpleasant- niass they had seen at Gwaenysgor (applause). They could not iforget tihat the United States and Germany were .d'oing all they could to push education, and Great Britain must keep pace with her commercial rivaiis- They must. per- fect their system of education. Wales had cer- tainly beai-i in advance of England in educa- tional matters, and had' provided a system by which the poorest boy or girl if they possessed1 tJhe rMMcaaary ability could pass from the lowest to the highest aim of the eduoation ladder. Who knew but that in Gwaenygor they might have latent talent thtt would eventually do hon- our to the vililago and to Flintshire. That school would provide the means for developing the faculties of the rising feneration, and he wished all success to tho Gwaenvsgor Council Mr T. W. Hughes than,ked1 the Local Com- mifcteo for tihe invitation tbev had extended to him that day, and for tiho gift he had received at foheir hands- Ho w.a& t-hore as chairman of the Eduoation Authority to show them that tho committee meant to eu->ort the Gwaenys- gor School (applause). Whatever views might .have been held by members ot the authority in the past with regard to tho school, he thougiht that now the school was being built everyone slhould join to try to make it a suo- oeas (applause). Too much objection W1},3 maidb on the ground of expanse. He never ob- jected to pay rates provided he got value for the money- The authority did their utmost, to prevent wtaste. but at the same time they de- sired1 to secure effiCIency in the education of tihe ooumty (applause). the county (applause). Some timo ago they had an inquiry at Gwaenysgor when someone rQ- ferred to the great intellectual vower at Gwaenysgor. He hoped that now tihey lhad the sohool that they would make the best use of it and the committee would help titeiii in their noble efforts (applause). DR. TOWNSEND AND THE TEACHING OF DOGMAS. The Rev. Dr. Townsend congratulated them on the auspicious event whioh had brought them there that day. He congratulated them that the fight was over, and that the battle had ended on the side of truth and justice. He did not tell them to sit down. like the Indians, and smoke the pipe of peace, as lie did not agree with smoking, but they could do what the Indians also did when peace was declared, and that was to bury the hatchet (applause). There was no reason why perfect peace should .not reign there. It was true, as Mr Hughes said, that people cried out against the rates, but as a rule those who cried out the most were those who also cried out. against educating the children. He believed that they should pay liberally towards giving the children of the country a high-class educa- tion (applause). It was something for which they got full value. He had. lived for many years among the Welsh people, and ho had seen the efforts they put forth to educate the rising genera- tion. They were prepared to make tremendous sacrifices on their behalf. They had before them in England a tremendous fight, and they in Wales had already done a great deal in that matter. Mr McKenna. had told them that he was intro- ducing a Bill into Parliament, that would give one type of school for the whole country. There was to be complete public control, and no sec- tarian tests for teachers (applause). The Gov- emment was not prepared to allow that popular control to bo trifled down, and they were also determined that they would for ever abolish the s&etarian test. He would have likod had Mr McKenna gone further and told them that ho would not allow i.n this type of new school any sectarian^ or dogmatio teaching. They must keep their schools free from it in the eame way that they would keep out the LoetaT.ian test. The chairman 'had referred to the action of the House of Lords, and ho could not forget thait Lord 'Hugh Cecil had declared that Church teaching must. be brought into Church Schools.. He also remembered that Lord Hugh Cecil had r-aid that lie con&ideired that simple Bible read- ing was a corrosive poison. They did not believe that Bible reading wae a corrosive pouvon. and he believed that the Bible and Bible reading wa-3 the safeguard of Protestantism (applause). He believed in Bible reading, and believed that it would make t.he children nobio men a.nd women, Archdeaoon Madden, who was a noble Churchman and or-o who he admired, was, he thought, hopelessly wrong when he said that they would insist upon the right of entry into public fcchoo's where there were Church children. He could not consent to that. He said that in eohool hours and at the public expense there should be no sectarian or dogmatic teaching. No particular dogma had e. right to be taught in public schools. The Churches could do that work- and do it better than the schools. Tie hoped that upon this question the Government would not consent to any compromise, as a oom- proiriiso in any form waa wrong, agoom-cone had to (satarifioe what was right and just. More than that a compromise was not a lasting settle- ment. t, simply put off the settlement for a time, and then the fight had to be entered into at a later date. They wanted the question eCtiled once and for ail. They did not want the cleavage between the two great, parties to be going on for over. They wanted to. settle dow it. to work for tho uplifting of the people (applause). He congratulated them at Gwae-fiyegor on the great euoociSi which had attended their efforts. He commended his friend, Mr A. M. Ralli, for tho way in which he had entered into that fight, and for the way he had led the forces for free- dom in the neighbourhood. He hoped that they would all work to secure and establish in the land the bast possible system of eduoation, and may God guide them to a speedy victory (applause). THE PROSPECTS OF EDUCATION. Mr F. Lieweiiyn-Jones said that while this gathering filled, them with; joy it was joy not unmixed with grief. For they could but look back over the iast three years and bning baok to mind another meeting which was held in Gwaenysgor in connection with education. He .referred to an inquiry held scon after the Appointed Day, and there were present at that inquiry some men who had 'been removed from their .midst, and to-day Tested peacefully in the ati/tness of the grave. They could never for- get the two nobio brothers from lthvl-Rdoort Llewellyn Jones and Charles William Jones. How filled were those men with a burning dei-.re to serve their county and to promote all that tended to elevate their fellows! They grieved to think tha-t they had not been spared to them —had they been thero was not the e-'ightest doubt- but that they would have been present that- day to .rejoice with them in "the import ant- task of laying tho foundation stones for the .ech-s;o! for the parish and people of Gwaenysgor. They had also to deplore the lu&s of their late chair- man, Mr Jamcis Mugpratt, who had ungrudging- ly given his time and his talents to promote education in their county. The Ices of Iheeo three men was irreparable. They were met that da-y to perform a task which was rightly an occasion for ioy; they wore there to w canrmcneeaient. of a building in which for generations o come would be carried on an inistitution which -Vjii'd be 'for the education and the elevation of the children of the district. of the district. They had seen threo foundation stones laid, and in contempliatiri'g the men wtio had laid these stones, he could not but see that 1 here was <50. to speak a happy augury for the future of their Welish national education. Ono of these gentlemen was a Greek m natior.plily— he traced his deeoe-nt to that na.tton to hUd) influence was due so much of the modern civilisa- tion and culture of Europe. If they looked back to the middle ages when Europe was under the pall of ignorance and superstition to such an extent that they designated them the Dark Agee, one naturally asked why our circumstances to- day were so different. Certainly* the Reforma- tion had most to do with the change, and had been the great power which had altered the face of the world—intellectually,, socially, and morally. But they could not afford to ignore the precursor and the handmaid of the Refonma- tion tho Renaissance due to the influence of Greek literature. After the long and dark winter of ignorance, when men first began anew to study the Greek language and literature, a new intellectual life burst, forth; there was an awakening in aU directicms, and a new espLrit inspired the best mn,, Europe, They must be careful not to forget that theetO influences were etiil at their -disposal, and he expressed the balo,- that the culture which owes its origin to ancient Greece- would continue to hold sway upon our country. Ihey .should seo that the highest c-ulturc was one of the founda- tions of their national system of education. The second stone had been pliaoed by the chair- man of the (lot' nty Council—an Englishman.—a gentleman who was in a marked degree the. posi^iecasor of thoee practical characteristics whioh were juat'y regarded as so distinctive of their Arnglo-Saxon n-eigh-ba-urv,. Aa Welshmen perhaps they were lacking in some of these characters I IOS which were so necessary for suecetss.; in the com- mercial and industrial life of their time. They should strive -for that energy and unswerving determination of which the Englishman eo proud- -ily boaated. They in Wales mw-t gee that their schools instilled into the minds of their children the importance of these tra.its, and that they served to fit them t,o take their proper share lin commercial: life. Ono of their own nation had laid the thi-rd atone, and in the chairman of the Education Com- mittee they had a man who was a true patriot, and who had -always in view the educational in- terests of his fellow-countrymen. In talking of Mr Hughes' patriotism he did not wish to imply that the other two gentlemen who had laid foundation stones were lacking in that character- istic. Nay he felt that he could almost claim them as Welshmen also. Though Mr ltalli Was a. foreigner by ,raoo and had not a drop of We ah b1000 in his veins, yet .he had been brought up on the slopes of their hills and in breathing Welwh air, he had also broathed into his soul the spirit of Welsh Nationalism, until they could now claim him o6 possessed of a Welsh heart, and a<9 one of themselves. It was not so very long since Mr Summers had made Wales his adopted home, and not only had he come to understand the Welssh people, but he had learned to love their nation and to show his sympathy w I;t,h their national aspirations. He trusted that they would do all that in them lay to develop the ''spirit of true patriotism" which should ever continue to be one of the foundations of our educational system. If ever this spirit were to disappear their national education would puffer a blow which would be ir reparable. In a few months a new school would adorn their village, and he. trusted that, this school would be an object of pride to them. Ho ap- pealed to them to forgot the past and to co- operate to make the school a success. Let them ma.ko it the centre of the intellectual life of their parish—the institution which would uniiite them. Let them teach their children to love it, eo thait when they beca,me men and women they would have sweet and happy memories of tihe time they spent at the cchool. Among the children who were present th8lt day, there were possibly some who would attain to eminence in various walks of life; there were some where avocations wou'd tako them to distant, places in the United Kingdom or in the Empire. Per- haps there were many who would lead long, quiet, and uneventful lives in the sight of this ochool. daiiy 1-11, tening to the school bell calling the children together. To whatever class they belonged his desire was that they should look back with p-ca&urc to their schooldays in their village school, and nhould they attain to honours .nd renown, that they could say that- the early influeno&s at that school had helped them in their career. It was impossible for thorn to attach too much importance to their National Schools, and he could venture to use this phrase in its truest and widest een»e. The future of the WeVh people depended much on. their 10 0 primary schools. Their national progress did not depend wholly or even chiefly upon their legislators, for the legislature was not ab'e io do much except to piaco the necessary too a in the hands of tho people and to afford them liberty to use them; but the people themselves must. work out their own salvation. Further, the people of Wales must not look to th-ei r local Councils for everything; the powor and In. fluence of these institutions was after alt very limited. The uplifting of their country, their progress in education, culture and morals lay witih the people themselves. W1,t.h thorn, with the workmen, the farmers and with the masses of the people generally rested the future of their nation, and if they were inspired with the solemn and unswerving determination to promote their national interests, they were assured of a glorious future. As they went a'ong fchia path of national progress their schools of all' grades would do their share by educating their sons a.nd daughters who would become a credit and an hcri-our to the land which was so dear to all of them. MR RALLI'S HOPES Mr A. M. Ralli said his endeavour had been crariikbently to advocate and promote the pro- vision of the means of education for every chiJd. ITiiii} every child should have as a right, not dependent upon the oharity øihhe- of a.n individual or of a religious denomination (ap- plause). He had ho-ped that he would be a.ble to announce what amount the Board of Educa- tion would grant to the parish in ire&peot of the new flohool, but. the decision had not yet bc-en given. He hoped, however, that they wou'd reoeive a substantial amount, and tihat the County Council would adopt the principle of -1 imposing upon email parihs where new schools weine built as small a, proportion of the capital cost as possible (applause). Gwaenysgor parish had the lowest rateable value in the county. He hoped that. in the future there would be only one part in Gwaenysgor as regards :ed\ica.tion, a.nd that they would all work together for the educating of the young. He hoped that the Coumty Council would place on the Committee of Management some of these who had not ceen eye to eye with them, and that there would hot be a. majority of one section on the committee (applause). They wanted all sections to co- operate together for the advancement of. educa- tion. He hoped that they in Gwaenysgor wouid bo left to iive in peace. Although not a Welshman .he had lived in Wales tines ho was five years of age, and had always taken a. deep interest in education, believing that every- one had a right, to demand from the State the bei-ifc possible edticatiion that -it could give to the children (applause). Dr. Humphrey WUiam-? congratulated Gwaen- ysgor on what, they had done, and he hoped that they would work together. In Flint they had had difficulties, and no one knew better than did he what had been done and what had •been said. Now he was pleased to gay- the Rector ha.d not only fallen into line with tèom, but had consented to serve on the Committee of Management of the new soho-ol. Not only did they want the Reotor to co-operate with them, but they wanted the benefit of his ex. perience. It should be the same at Gwaervyr:,gk>r. Men of cxperierroo in school management were required. Let them make the bemuse of the lie w school, and let them look upon it as their village hall. They oould help one another- in ma.ny ways if they would on.y live in peaoe and harmony. Mr Kenny also epoke, and joined in the con- gratulations to the people cf Gwaenvsgor. He wished all success to the school. > Mr John Roberts proposed a vote of thanks to the chairman and to all who had attended that <lilt-V, and was sure that in the future the people Õtf Gwfienysgor would be better friends than evor. The Rev. R. Jones seconded- and the vote of thanks carried with applause. The prooeedings closed with the singing ot "God save the King" and "Land of my fathers."
MAYOK'riiSUNDAY AT CON WAY SERMON BY CANON FAIRCHILD. On Sunday morning the newly-e.ected Mayor of Conway (Aiderman Dr. R. A. Prudhard, J.P.) attended Divine service at the Parieh Church. Punctually at 11 o'clock, the Mayoral proces- sion, beaded by the Conway Borough Band, loft the Guild Hall in the following order:— I Detachment of the 3rd V.B. Royal WeMi Fusiliers, under the command of Captain Tux- Cord, with Lieutenant Arthur Lewis. 'Surgeon-' Colonel Kenriok Davies, .Sergeant-Instructor Kerusltti and Quarter-Masetr-Sergeant T. O. Mor- gan. Carnarvonshire Cbustaibul-ary (Llandudno and Conway Division), commanded by Supt. W. Reeg and Sergeant Evans. Conway Firo Brigade, commanded by Lieut. Owen Williams. The Mayor, wearing his scarlet robes and chain of office. The Doputy-Licutonant (Mr Knoesflmw) in ftii uniform. The Council:—Alderman Edward Roberts and Alderman W. M. Sever, Councillors Edward- Jones (Deputy-Mayor), James Porter, A. G. Rogers, E. Loyd Jones, A. J. Oldman. and Fred Jones. The magistrates:— Dr. Dakon, Messrs J. Adey \Vf:>b;, Owen Rowland, and Bphraim Wood. The officials:—The fol owing officials of the Conway Corporation: Messrs F. A. Del.amotte (engineer and surveyor). Hugh Pa-rry (account- ant), D. M. Jones (collector), Walter Parry (re- •preseriting Mr T. E. Parry, clerk to the Coun- cil), and John Hughes (librarian;. Amongst other public men who followed in the procession were Meissrs Clarence Wh-aite (president, of the Royal Cambrian Academy), W. Roberta Llwydfacn (high bailiff), J. E. Conway Jones (chairman of the Conway Ratepayers' Association), Felix Hadlcy (ex-aldenman of the Conway Council, G. H. P. Lee (superintendent Telegraph Dept., G.P.O.), Herbert Jones, W. Hughes, etc. The procession proceeded along Castle-street, and High.,st.rect, where they were met by the west door by tho clergy and the Church choir, in their surplices. THE CHURCH SERVICE. The procession entered the Church preceded by thccoTgy, and choir singing the hymn, "AU people that on earth do dwelh" The sacred edifice wan crowded to overflowing when the e-ervioe commenced. The officiating clergy were Canon Fairdhild and t.he Rev. J. Davics. The Vicar was to be present- owing to indisposition. Mr H. Bridge Rcbe.rts.. orga-rnnst of the Church, presided at the organ. The service throughout, which included Tallis' "Responses/' wa^ of a mest hearty character. The choir gave a most impressive rendering of Owain AJaw's popular anthem, sung to the English words of "Blessed is he that con- sidereth the poor and needy," the quartette toeing sung by Miss L. J. Hughes, Mrs Hugh Jones, and Messrs Robert Jones and David Wil- hams. Canon Fairohild took for his subject the Problem of Suffering." He said that human wisdom had been from the first helpless before I what may bo called the "Problem of Suffering." It had no explanation of it. it. could not give it a satisfactory position in the scheme of lite, but that in the Christian system suffering was recog- nised as having its own place, and mada to serve the noblest purpose: that "perfection of charac- ter" was what. all should aim at, and that was often produced by passing through the sanctuary of suffering. It. was suffering which frequently developed the finer qualities of our nature—cour- age, self-devotion, and sympathy. After dwell- ing an sympathy, he gavo several examples of the world's greatest teachors who had produced glorious works through having passed through the sajietuary of suffering. He then appealed for support towards the District Nursing Fund. The latter part of Canon Fairchlld's sermon was addressed to the Mayor and Corporation. He said that the presence of the Chief Magis- trate and his colleagues was an earnest that the care of the suffering had their full sympathy, but at the same time it meant, something more than this. He presumed that what had brought them to worship there was the thought.also that they could not carry out their responsibilities perfect- ly without reliance on God, and so they came to consecrate by public worship the duties attached to their office. He then appealed to them for generous co-operation, one with another, for the welfare of tho town, and mentioned matters in which all could unite for the public good, es- pecially that of social reform. "Thank God," said the ppeachor. "we have advanced a long way in this direction during the past 50 years." We need not now the splendid eloquence of a Denison Maurice or a Charles Kingsley to point out our obvious duties to humanity. Tho re- pressed home to us in Kingsly's "Yeast" and "Alton Locko" have been practically carried out. Thanks to Kingsley, to Dickens, and others, I we have now great reforms in our Game Laws, in our Prisons, in our Workhouses, in our Schools, and in our Nursing of the Sick. AU reasonable men now practically are Socialists—Christian Socialists. Fifty years apo Socialist and Rogue were synonymous. Peoplp to-day are richer, kinder, more moral and more human. Yes, we aro hotter in many things than we were 50 years ago. but there is still much to be done." He concluded by an earnest appeal to those in au- thority to set. before themselves a high ideal of their office, and prayed that God would enable them to realise it. The offertories were in aid of the Nurse Fund, and at the morning service am-ounfed to £12 19c, 2d. making a total for the day at the Parish Church of £11 & 2d. At -the conclusion of the service, the congre- gation sang "God Save the King." followed bv the hymn. "0. G. our Help in ages past," which wq. suntg as the Mayor and his retinue left the Church.
ABERGELE CHOWS. (By "Cockerel."). There; its not the slightest doubt ajbout it, but the social evening at Gwryoh Cae-dc. the other week, was most enjoyaible. "Charlie's" numerous friends also owe him a of gratitude for the Httie "side show," kindly provided for their special benefit, and tho smile of satisfaction whioh spre.ad o'er "Charlie's" features when seated comfortably in an arm chair, proved that, as far he was con- corned, his fond hopCtõ had been realised! # • H. E. T. was a'so much in evidence, an.d A. P. L. in n0 way showed that he was of a quiet disposition. W. V.. although not so frivolous, contributed largely to the evening's entertain- ment, and on the whole the trio proved a great success. It « • • I see that T have a rival to contend with in the poetical line, and he has be-en tirring UD tho "powers that be" in a poom, lost week, in tho "Pioneer." Now, the paper cannot stand the stia-in of two poets,—spring, tame, or any other spccies,—eo I give way to tho newcomer far one week. My readere, will welcome the re- freshing change. I will proceed ag usual, how- ever, next week. » » « 41 Congratulations to Mr David Thomas (who is articled to Mr E. A. Crabbe), upon his success in passing the intermediaite examination of the In- corporated Law Society, aaid being placed in the First (Honours) Division. • • • ■ Here is another problem for your so Hit ion. A certain local .resident hM entered a billiard handicap,—Married versus Single,—and he is a.t prescn4- single. However, before the handicap is ore; he will have become one of the married. IIow ill that affect him in the handicap? He deserve^ to be scratched, doesn't he? 5 Rittii: 1.1" V AUE OF JJAXVJJ*. The rise in the value of wool and wheat has not taken long to raise the price of land. On some estates the yearly tenants all got notice to quit previous to last Michaelmas, for the ostensible reason that the new Agricultural Holdings Act, which comes in force in 1909, required a new style of agreement. The tenants, however, think that it means a rise of rent, or, per contra, a removal. Cases are common where tenants have given notice themselves on the plea that they wanted their rents lowered, only to find that their farms have been let over their heads to somebody else without giv- ing them a second chance. ADVICE TO FARMERS. The farming community very rightly looks with disfavour on a man who takes another man's farm and turns him out of his home. As a matter of business straightforwardness the new man ought to wait till the old one has done negotiation and left the field free before he chips in, but unfortunately some are not honourable enough for this." The moral of the whole matter is that every far- mer who is now in a farm would be wise to remain there unless he has serious reasons for removing. The rise in wool is a bene- fit to some farmers the rise in wheat is of doubtful value when a wide view of farming generally is taken, but the outlook on the whole is no worse than it has been, if no bet- ter, and every one ought to hold on to his holding for the present. FARM ACCOUNTS. The starting of a new agricultural year is a good opportunity for starting the keeping of farm accounts. Farmers generally are blamed for not doing any book-keeping, and if any one who reads these lines has not been in the habit of noting down his financi- al transactions and making a summary at the end of the year he would be well advised to begin now. It is not necessary to learn book-keeping for this purpose at all, indeed all of the recognised systems— double entry, single entry, Italian system, and so on-are futile, for no man could keep farm accounts by any of those methods. On the other hand there are several good account books on sale specially drawn up for farming, and a farmer starting for the first time would be well advised to procure one. The mere finding out and filling in the figures in the various coh'mna would open his eyes to many things done on or on be- half of his farm in monetary matters, and give him information of the utmost value to him in his business. ADVANTAGE OF MAKING NOTES. A cash book is of course the first essenti- al all money received and paid to be en- tered, and the balance at the end of the year shows the profit and loss. In addition to this, however, several subsidiary books ought to be kept a wages book when these are paid weekly, a ledger to counterenter the cash items under the proper departments or headings, and so on. An exceedingly use- ful book is a "field-book" in which all the manuring or cropping of each field is en- tered year by year. This will be found aa exceedingly useful record to look up now and again to see what has been the treatment of any given field in byegone years. It is im- possible to overdo the keeping of records and accounts, and if once a start is made the details suggest themselves from time to time. UNIFORM WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Some of the farming papers just now are discussing the bewildering complexity of the weights and measures in use in buying and selling produce and advocating some system of uniformity. No two districts for instance agree in tho method of selling wheat-to take a single staple product. Some 25 years ago the present writer com- piled and published a table of the different ways of treating this commodity in the dif- ferent markets of the British Islands, and found that there were at least 25 methods in vogue, and that a bushel or a quarter were very different measures in one market from what they were in another. That table has been often published since in almanacs and "year-books," and it seems to hold good still, and is one convincing proof of the need for reform. The present writer has for long, in common with many others, advo- cated the decimal system, but unfortunately there is a strong society trying to adopt the special variety known as the Metric" svstem, solely because it is in use on the Continent. THE DECIMAL SYSTEM. It would be infinitely easier and more natural to decimalise our present weights and measures an inch, a foot, a yard, a pound, a stone, etc., are all natural and convenient measures, and the point is that these should now be made out on a decimal scale instead of introducing metres, gram- mes, litres and other things with French names. A table of weights and measures would then read something like this 10 lines 1 inch, 10 inches 1 foot, 10 feet 1 pole, and so on or again 10 grains 1 ounce, 10 ounces one pound, 10 pounds 1 stone, etc. It would of course require a commission of re- presentative experts sitting round a table to hammer out all the details, but it could be done, for a very little thought will show how our present data would fall into line on the decimal scale, without going abroad for rules, and it does not need any argu- ment to prove how the teaching of arith- metic to children, the keeping of accounts, and buying and selling of commodities, etc., would be rendered easier and more expedi- tious by the change. FOREST INFLUENCE. It has been a matter of faith amongst far- mers and others for generations that woods and forests increase- the rainfall and act as shelter to the land near them. There seems to have been a much higher rainfall in this country in bygone ages than there is now, bad as this year has been, and the gradual clearing off of the timber as cultivation in- creased has been believed to be the cause of the lessened rainfall. Now comes a cer- tain Dr. Schubert of the Prussian School of Forestry who says that he has studied forest influences at seventeen stations and finds that while the trees preserve moisture after it has fallen they have no effect whatever on the rainfall, and further, that woods and forests have little effect in sheltering fields beyond 50 yards or so. CONTRADICTORY EVIDENCE. If this is true then many plantations in this country have been made and preserved under a mistaken impression With all due deference to the German doctor, how- ever, the present writer disbelieves his con- clusions, for there are too many historical cases known where the rain has disappeared with the trees, and in some cases come back when the trees grew again. Lake Tacarigua in Venezuela is an example it partly dried up from a lessened rainfall when the forests were cleared about a hundred years ago, but when a civil war broke out and lasted 22 years tEe vegetation came back and with it the rainfall, and the lake rose again. St. Helena is a barren waste now since the trees were cut down the classical river Scaman- der in the Troad has dried up since the Turks cut down the forests, and even the Euphrates has shrunk for the same reason. P.S.—The author will be glad to answer any questions arising out of this articlo if they are addressed to him, c/o the Editor.
Sir Henry CampbelCBannertuan's health is i comparatively »at-is"auto>ry, but in view of the approaching spession of Parliament he is going abroad for some we^lcs of complete change and rest.
DUST-LAVING AT LLANDUDNO. COST OF THE EXPERIMENTS. Mr E. PaJey Stevenson. M.Inst.C.E., engineer to the Llandudno Urban District Council, has prepared the following report with regard to the oost of dust-laying experiments at Llandudno during the past sea.son Portions of the following roads were treated with tar, viz.: North Parade, Lloyd-st-reet, Clifton-road, Market-street, Gloddaeth-stroot. Gloddaeth-avenue. Queen's-road, Colwyn-road, Con wav-road, and V au g h&n -street. Most.yn- street from Church-walks to Vaughaxi-street, wag treated with calcium chloride, and in all thia material was supplied four times. Ermenite waa a.pplied once on a portion of the Conway-road. The t(a.r coating keeps its nature in many cases for two seasons, and therefore is at least twice !he value of calcium chloride, and it is an effective dust-layer, and also a preservative of the road surfaoe. It materially saves scav- enging and repair and watering. Calcium chloride has been of great bene-fit in Mostyn- stroot, and there haa been much less dust nui- sance than heretofore. It has also resulted in a saving of watering. Ermenite, in my opin- ion, did not prove to be satisfactory. The dust. did not appear to me to bo reduoed beyond the first few days aifter application, and the sur- face of the road appeared to me to be ren- dered more friable. It is difficult to estimate the saving on scav- enzing and repair, and though this is consider- able, with the use of tar I have not. taken it into aocount. in the following costs, but I have AS will be seen, allowed for the saving in street watering, and I have based the cost of water at Is per 1000 gallons:— Cost Total Total Area. in of Cost per cost per cost square AV plies- mile 8 square per yärd yards, tion. 3-ards wide. vard 1st 2nd. f See4olL season. £ s. d. £ 9. d. Roads painted with tar 40,048 98 59 34 11 1 .589 .4. ra Watering for <6 months. Less saving in watering for four months 48 4 3 17 4 8 .292 .584 49 11 5 17 6 5 J" -297 S ..005 Roodsl treated with calcium chloride 9,780 11 6 9. 16 6 2 .278 .556 Less saving in watering for four months 11 17 11 17 4 8 .292 .584 Watering for 8 months. Profits. 0 11 2 0 18 6 ..7 .014 .028
At a orowdod meeting organised by tihe Free Ohurohes cAf. Llaiigojslien and district, held on Monday night- under the ohairmanship o the Rev W. Foulkes, a resolution was passed pro- testing against the continued misrule in the Congo. Mr Haldane on Tuesday night, at a voiurt- t-eetr dinner in London, expressed1 the belief that. they o:>ou'ld not put too great a burden on the volunteer fca-oe, provided they asked no- thing inocinsisterifc with a oi "ilian occupation. The ptansbionera of Tryddyn, neaj Mold, have I to request the Flinismre Eduoa- tion Authority to greet a new Council school on a sÎt-e near Ddangau Farm- Owing to the high price .00: butter at Toronto During the three months ondod June, in the United Kingdom 200 persons were killed by railway aocid.en'ts and 1800 injured- Mr James B. Francis, who was elected to the Wrexham Town Oounci] in 1897, and to the aldermanio bench in 1904. has Rmt in has to. eignatkm to the Towin Clerk. King Edward will open Parliament in state on Tuasday, January 28th.