MOTOR COATS. We have a Large Selection of STORMPROOF and absolutely RAINPROOF FRIEZES, Suitable for MOTORING, of which we are SOLE AGENTS AUTUMN WINTER COSTUMES. Patterns sent Oil application. ALEXANDER BEE, LADIES' TAILOR, 10, PEPPER ST., CHESTER. CDc Welsh Coast pioneer/ LARGEST CIRCULATION ON THE COAST. THE SALE OF THE u Welsh Coast Pioneer" Amounts to an average which, if tested, will show an LXGLSC OF SEVERAL THOUSAND COPIES WEEKLV ;W £ ft AH/ OTHER PtfiM/ PAPii v Branch Offices LLANDUDNO MOSTVN STREET LLANKWSr VVATLING STREET ktilil 29, HIGH STREET. ABERGELE AX iON HOU5E. London Representative MR. PERCY DAY, 74. FLEET STREET, — 'rE REG TO INFORM THE PUBLIC THAT IN FUTURE, OWING TO PRESSURE UPON OUR COLUMNS. ALL LISTS OF WEDDING PRESENTS WILL BE CHARGED FOR AT ADVERTISE- MENT RATES. I
TRADE UNIONS AND LABOUR REPRESENTATION. The decision of the Couit of Appeal with re- gard to the employment of trade union funds for ihe purposes of Parliamentary representation was not wholly unexpected, and will, of enm-.e, be subject to appeal to the House of LorJs, lut the refusal of the Judges to suspend inunc- tion pending* appeal will have loe effect of placing tho Labour Reprosen ition Cornru.tiee in a somewhat embarassing financial position. As in the Taff Vale case, the defendants in the pre- sent action are the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants, and the plaintiff and appellant was the secretary of the Walthamstow branch, who sought to restrain the society from distri- buting money for other purposes than those con- taincd in Section 16 of the Trade Union Act of It may be recalled that in 1900 Mr Richard Bcil, the secretary of the Society, was returned as member for De-rby. His primary duty was to promote the interests of the railway servants, and though he was a Liberal in politics the Society gave him support solely on trade grounds. But shortly after the General Infection of 1900 the Labour Representation Committee was formed, and in 1903 the A.S.R.S. decided to join it. Rules were at once prepared for the purpose of carrying the decision into effect, and providing the necessary funds. In 1906 the Society went a step further, and passed a resolution requiring that candidates supported by the Society should subscribe to the constitution of the Labour Party and obey its whips. The plaintiil' has objected throughout to the political action of the A.S.R.S., and has made repeated attemiits to induce the executive to take a ballot of the members, but without result. He accordingly took legal ac- tion, his contention being that the Society had exceeded its powers. The defendants, on the contrary, claimed that the new rules were in order, and that if there had been any irregu- larity it had been set right by the certificate of the Registrar of Trade Unions. The case was first heard in the Chancery Divi- sion. when Mr Justice Neville held that the certi- ficate of the Registrar was sufficient evidence of the validity of the new rules; and that, as it had been already decided that a Society could legally apply its funds to secure Parliamentary representation, it was for the members to decide what form such representation should take. The glorious uncertainty of the law has been once more illustrated by the complete reversal of Mr Justice Neville's judgment by the Court of Appeal. The three judges find that the amend- ed rule of ISOo was irregularly passed, and that the Registrar's certificate does not remove its illegality. But they go beyond the technicali- ties involved, and on broader grounds decide against the Society. Mr Justice Farwell took up the position that the aim of the electoral laws is to secure freedom of election, and that to compel a minority of a trade union to support a party of which they did not approve would be subversive of freedom. Lord Justice Moulton argued that, as the tuition of a Parliamentary representative was one of trust, it was contrary to pubfc policy to make maintenance dependent on subscription to the Labour Party Constitution and obedience to its whips. The Master of the Rolls justified a strict application of the law of 1876, on the ground of the statutory immunities con- ferred upon trade unions by the Act of 1906, and he was clearly of opinion that it was not competent for a trade union to provide for Par- liamentary representation by means of a com- pulsory levy. The injunction only directly applies to the, A S.Y.S., but as the same principle is involved it will prevent any trade union from making a compulsory levy for electoral purposes. No great difficulty is anticipated, however, in financing the Labour Representation Committee until the case has been carried to the House of Lords, or an amending Bill has been passed through Parliament. It is suggested in some quarters that the decision of the Court of Ap- peal will have a disturbing effect upon the mem- bership of the trade unions, but this is impro- bable, for even where there are keen political differences there is likely to be a feeling of re- sentment at what is described in Labour circles as a fresh attack upon the liberty of the unions. And though the electoral policy of the Labour Renresentation Committee is not popular with either of the great political parties it is probable, should legislation be necessary, that they will obtain a wide measure of support for an amend- ing Bill. The general feeling seems to be that T-i.ie Unionists must fight out their political differences with one another, and that nothing is to be gained by maintaining a technical dis- ability. An indirect result of the decision will be to range tho Labour members in opposition to an early dissolution. For they will certainly not want a General Election till the question of their electoral levies has been cleared up.
The "Nationalist" says that the very interest- ing speech delivered by U'e Chancellor of the Exchequer at the banquet in the evening was noteworthy for its omissions. He expressed no opinion on the threatened disruption of the Uni- versity by the authorities of the North Wales University College, or of the relation of the new National Council to the University, and he gave us no inkling of his scheme for the appor- tionment of the additional grant from the Treasury, which he promised, among the three constituent Colleges. He made it perfectly clear, however, that be the special needs of the Col- leges what they may, a substantial portion of the new granl, in the opinion of the Govern- ment, should be applied to the endowment of research and to increase the stipends of the pro- fessors and lecturers. We were highly gratified to find that he emphasised the fact that the mem- bers of the teaching staffs of our University Colleges are greatly underpaid. Still, it was not necessary for his argument that he should assert, by implication, that our professors and lecturers are made of different clay from that which large- ly enters into the composition of ordinary mor- tals. It is not generally true that the professors hold on to their posts in our Colleges, and re- I ject more remunerative appointments elsewhere from pure love of dear little Wales. We cannot forget that two of our principals, within recent years, have eagerly, but unsuccessfully, sought more remunerative posts in England; and we cannot forget also the readiness with which such self-denying patriots as Professors Henry Jones and Rhys Roberts and Sir Isambard Owen turned their backs on dear little Wales, and ac- cepted the larger purses offered to them in England and Scotland. That they did so with tears in their eyes means nothing. That in doing so they followed the example set them by a large crowd of their English colleagues is as true as it was natural. We do not blame these good people. We simply wish it known that thov are like the rest of us. And if the Chan- cellor of the Exchequer has come across a stray professor with a strong Welsh accent, who roally does not know the difference between an English sovereign and a Welsh half-a-erown, the peor man had better at once be sent to Scotland, where he will soon acquire a correct appreciation of the relative value of modern British coins. # • Wo are glad to learn, says the "Nationalist," that the London Welsh Club is rapidly becoming recognised as a national institution. Its new premises at 4, Whitehall Court, are as conveni- ent as they are attractive and comfortable, and we can now confidently predict a great accession of new members. Sir Harry Reichel recently deplored, at one of the delightful club llinne-rs, I that not many Welsh M.P's. have, so far, en- rolled themselves as members of the club. We are not sure that we share Sir Harry's views on this point. The Welsh Club is a social and non- poutical institution; the Welsh M.P., on the other hand, is political and very little else. He performs most useful public services no doubt, but from a purely national point of view, he is apt to be more or less lopsided. In a word he is a professional, and. like a professional golfer, cricketer, and footballer, he is not deeply inter- ested in any pastime but his own. There aro exceptions, of course, and most of these excep- tions are members of the club. It is pleasant to know of a quiet, peaceful retreat in the bustling metropolis where one can spend a whole evening with a large body of Welshmen, without having one's cars assailed by the grievances of passive resisters, the trials and sufferings of active suffra- gettes, and the agonies of threatened peers. It The Licensing Bi!l. The defeat of Mr Asquith's Confiscation Bill has been hailed with jubilation by all classes of the community, except the teetotal party who were responsible for its introduction; and no party rejoices more at the action of the Lords in throwing out the measure than the advocates of temperance. The way is now clear for the bringing forward, at an early date, of legislation which would most assuredly minimise the prac- tice of drinking to excess—a practice which still prevails among a small, but, we hope and be- lieve, ever diminishing section of the community. Future efforts must be on very different lines to those which the Premier so persistently advocated. Those efforts must be directed not to abolishing a large number of public-houses and thereby im- poverishing a number of law-abiding- traders. Our public-houses must be reformed, and made more to resemble the cafes on the Continent. Greater freedom must be given to licence- holders to provide attractions in the shape of music, table games, food skilfully cooked and daintily served, and seating accommodation for all and sundry. This much-desired freedom will involve the abolition of the absurd and autocratic restrictions imposed by the justices; and the licensee must have something more than a mere "expectation" that his licence will be annually renewed as long as his house is conducted to the satisfaction of the police. There seems to be no valid reason why a licence should not be granted for a term of years, the duty being paid in ad- vance, and forfeited in cases of misconduct. Most important of all, however, provisions must be made for dealing severely with the drunkard. The punishment should increase with each re- petition of the offence, until the habitual is put under lock and key for a long time, and made to work hard six days a week. Legislation on these lines would embody reforms which the nation would hail with delight, and which would soon minimise that drunkenness among the labouring classes which every right-minded man deplores and condemns. Church Extension at Llandudno. Llandudno C'hurchpeople have just entered upon an ambitious church extension scheme. On Friday evening the Bishop of Bangor and the Rector dealt with the matter at length before a large and enthusiastic gathering at the Town Hall. In the course of his address, the Bishop referred to the growth of Church life in the town since the time when the historic old edifice on the Or me's Head supplied the needs of the in- habitants, and it was with righteous pride that he spoke of the manner in which Churohpeople had met the wants of the ever-growing number of visitors and residents. His lordship paid a well-merited tribute to the valuable help given by the late Sir Alfred de Bock Porter, secre- tary to the Ecclesiastical Commission, to the cause of the Church at Llandudno. Compara- tively few are aware that, full of sympathy to- wards Church work as was the late Sir Alfred, he was not a Churchman. As already announced in these columns, the extension scheme provides for a new church on the West Shore, and sub- stantial and much needed additions and altera- tions to Holy Trinity Church. Some idea of the number of visitors attending Divine service at Holy Trinity in summer-time may be gathered from the Rector's statement that on a Sunday morning at the height of the Llandudno season more Lancashire people worship there than could be found in any church in the County Palatine, with the exception of Manchester Cathedral. » » • » • Denbighshire Rates. At the public meeting held at Llanfairt-alhaiarn to-day week to protest against the high rates levied by the Denbighshire County Council, Col. Sandbach, who represents the parish on the County 'Council, made a very interesting state- ment bearin gon the excessive demands made unon some rural areas in consequence of the heavy expenditure on school buildings and other improvements. He pointed out that the new schools built in the parish by the Council had cost £1800, while a further expenditure of E2000 had been incurred over the new water scheme. To repay the loan and interest on the total of JB5800 the parish would have to contribute be- tween E130 and £ 200 per annum, and as a penny rate on the parish produced £ 18 the two schemes would increase the local rates by lOd in the JE. Colonel Sandbach predicted that next year the rates on the parish would be about 5s lOd in the jB. The proposal to erect the new Council School has all along been objected to as unnecessary in view of the existence of the old National School in the parish. However, apart from that question it becomes a serious matter for the ratepayers that they in a rural community are confronted with a rate which exceeds that paid in many of the urban districts in the country. ♦ The N.U.T. and the Schools. Why doesn't the N.U.T. say right out that if wants nothing but naked secularism in the schools? It won't have tests for teachers, it won't have right of entry, and it won't have contracting out. Yet the Union pretends that it is in favour of religious instruction. In an angry moment one would call this an organised hypocrisy, but as at the amount we are not angry, we will only call it inconsistency. An Encouraging Start. The Colwyn Bay Y.M.C.A. Hostel building campaign was formally opened by Lord Kin- naird, on Saturday, when a most encouraging start was made. Towards the £ 8500 entailed on the whole undertaking the promoters confidently look to the townspeople for E3000, and before the close of the day it was reported that upwards of £ 1000 had been already promised in Colwyn Bay. As Mr Stanley Golden points out in our corres- pondence column, there seems to be an impression that unless the whole of the £ 3000 is forthcoming locally the scheme will be abandoned. The fact is, of course, that that sum is merely the proportion of the expenditure which the promo- ters consider should be contributed towards the project. In any event, the Association appear determined to carry the scheme through, and, as Lord Kinnaird remarked, if the community do their part well now the annual "dunning for subscriptions" will be at an end for all time. Surely, £ 3000 is not too much to expect from one of the wealthiest townships in North Wales in aid of so excellent an undertaking. "A Mysterious Document." Mr John Burns and the head officials of the Local Government Board were nearly frightened out of their lives the other day, when a mysteri- ous document reached them by post. A hurried consultation failed to clear matters up, and a telephonic messa-ge was about to be sent to the Commissioner of Police, when a clerk called out: "It's all right; it is the report of the medical officer of health for Gwyrfai, written in Welsh This is running nationalism too far. Use the Welsh language at home as much as you can, but there is nit much sense in causing expense a-nd inconvenience in a Government department in London. « < it Down on the House of Lords. A delegate at a Methodist gathering at Wrex- ham called the House of Lords a den of thieves. If this is really so, then we have seen the use- fulness of setting a thief to catch a thief. For, of course, what the house of Lords has done is to kill the Government's schemes of confiscation. And a shorter word for confiscation is theft.
PERSONAL. His Honour Judge Bryn Roberts staying at Bangor. Lord Vivian was one of the house party at Bradfield Hall, Devon, the Hon. Lionel 'Valrond's seat, when a fire broke out on Thurs- day evening. The guests helped to put the fire out. The Squire of Vaynol (Mr Assheton-Smith) left Bangor for London, and will probably stay there for about a week. On his return home he will entertain a shooting party.
DUKE OF WESTMINSTER'S ILLNESS The Duke of Westminster arrived from South Africa at Southampton on Saturday morning on board the "Walmer Castle." His Grace was taken ill on the voyage, and a wireless message was sent home reporting his condition. When the "Walmer Castle" reached Southampton a launch conveyed the Duchess of Westminster, the Countess Crosvenor, and Mrs Cornwallis- West to the vessel, together with Sir Douglas Powell, the eminent specialist, and Dr. Latham, who had come down from London to attend the Duke, all of them being taken on board off Netley. After a medical consultation, it was decided to remove the Duke to Grosvenor House, London. It is stated that his Grace is suffering from a tropical fever brought on by drinking im- pure water. Last rflght's bulletin stated that the Duke had had a good night, and was going on well.
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE. ROYAL RESERVE ENGINEERS. Royal Anglesey Royal Reserve Engineers.— Hon. Col. T. L. Hampton-Lewis, late Royal Anglesey R.E. (Militia), has been appointed hon. colonel in the Royal Anglesey Royal Reserve Engineers.
NORTH WALES BAPTISTS AND THE EDUCATION BILL At the half-yearly meeting of the North Wales English Baptist Union on Tuesday at Brymbo, ncir Wrexham, the rejection of the new education compromise was moved by the itc, v Barker Jones, of Penyeae, but on a division it was decided on the motion of tho Rev. J Raymond (Llandudno) by a majority of one, "That., wthil-s viewing' with apprehension some of the provisions of the Governmealt Education Bill, especially the right of entry, contracting out, and the giving of de- nominational instruction in public schools, tho Union is prepared in the interest of peace to aoocpt the compromise, provided no further con- cessions aro made."
CHELMSFORD BY- ELECTION. GREAT CONSERVATIVE VICTORY. Polling took place in the Chelmsford Division of Essex on Tuesday, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Sir Came Raseh (C.). The esl candidates wera Mr E. G. Pretyman (C.) and Mr A. H. Dence (L.). The result was declared yesterday as follows:— Pretyman (C.) 6152 Dence (L.) 3537 Conservative Majority 2565 The Conservative majority at the last election in 1906 was 454. l:
RAILWAYMEN AND OLD- AGE PENSIONS. IMPORTANT MOVE BY DIRECTORS. The London and South-Western Railway Com- pany have issued a circular to their old emplci.,es now in receipt of pensions stating that, as the company in common with other taxpayers have to bear the cosit of the Government scheme of old-agia pensions, the directors have found it necessary to revise the pensions hitherto granted b'y the Company without contribution by the staff. In hcic circumstances the company's voluntary allowance to old employes over 70 who are presumably entitled to State pensions will oease at the end of this year. The recip ients of the circular arc advised to apply for a State pension, and to inform the company of the result. The directors desire it to be under- stood that they do not wish the pensioners' pre- sent income to be reduced, and that it is their intention to allow such a sum as will with the pension granted by the State make up the amount now received from the company.
NORTH WALES WILLS. The will otf MrsI Rrockholes, who died on the 20th September, has been proved by Mr George Trevor Basil Mostyn, of Perry Crofts, Tamworth, Staffs, and Mis3 Mary Louisa Mostyn, of 34, Moore-street, Cadogan Square, London, S.W., the executors, at £ 67,025- Testatrix bequeathed £ 1000 to heir cousin, the Roman Catholic Bisihop of Menevia; E4000 in trust for Jane F. Brock- holes for life, and then for the above-named Bishop; L1000 to her executor, George T. B. Mostyn; L1000 to Jack Brockholes, Blooo to Mary F. Rrookholes, £1000 to the godchild of her late husband, L300 each to Frances Mostyn and Margaret Whitgreaves, L100 to Mary Weld, jE50 to her maid, JE23 to her butler, £ 400 to St. John's Orphanage, Preston, for the hospital at- tidied thereto; L400 to the Roman Catholio Church of St- James, Soorton; JB200 to the Roman Catholio Church at Thurnburo, and the residue of her property to her cousin, Mary Mostyn. Miss H. Fenton. of Rhianva, Rhyl, has left estate valued at £ 14,781.
Glass telegraph poles are being used in plaoea where wooden poles are tpuokfy destroyed by insects or by climate.
MR ELLIS J. GRIFFITH AND THE EDUCATION COMPROMISE. Speaking at Menai Bridge last (Wednesday) night, Mr Ellis J. Griffith, M.P., condemned the manner the education compromise was arrived a, contending that the Government should have approached Mr Balfour, as the head of the Op- position, instead of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
=- THE CHURCHES. The Rev. John Williams, curate of Ber- riew, has been appointed by the Bishop of St. Asaph to the living of Llanddoget, West Den- bighshire. Mr Williams recently acted as curate of Llanfair Talhaiarn, near Abergele. Mr W- J. P. Storey, of Rh.t,l, ex-High Sheriff of Flintshire, has intimated his intention of pre- senting to Prestatyn Parish Church a lectern in memory of the late Vicar, the Rev. Owen J. Davies.
ORDINATION AT PANTASAPII. On Monday the Bishop of Menevia (Dr. Mos- tva) conducted an ordination service at the Francis Capuchin Monastery Church at Pant- asaph, near Holywell. This was the first ordi- nation the Bishop has held here since his ap- pointment to the Welsh bishopric.
NEW VICAR, OF BAGILLT. The Rev. D. Howell Griffith, eurate-in-oharge of Ruthin and Llanrhydd, who has accepted the incumbency of the parish of Bagillt, is a B.A. of Durham, was ordained by the Bishop of Man- chester in 1887 and licensed to the curacy of Water head- In 1389 he was appointed assidant master of St. I) r as tone's College. lie was ad- vanced to the priesthood by the Bishop of St. Asaph in 1892, and after holding a ouracjv at Abergele, held livings in Australia and the- Transvaal between 1894 and 1906.
AFFAIRS OF THE LATE SIR J. H. PULESTON. At the London Bankruptcy Court yesterday, the Official Receiver dealt with the affairs of the late Sir John 11. Puleston, described as of 2. Whitehall Court, London- No statement of affairs was filed, but tho debtor, before his death, estimated his liabilities at £ 13,000. He had, however, not taken into account a claim by the trustees of his daughter's marriage settle- ment for £ 18,500, which had been admitted for rating purposes to the extent of E14,000. With regard to the assets, the debtor had said that he was interested in land in Long' Island, U.S.A. Sir Henry Kimber held a mortgage on it to the extent of £9800, and tho surplus value was esti- mated at conic £ 5200. The debtor had added that his health had prevented him from oppos- ing the petition for a receiving order, and al- though he could then submit no definite scheme of composition, he hoped, at some future date, to bring in a scheme for the benefit of the creditors. The debtor was formerly .M.P. for Devonpürt, H.M. Lieutenant of the City of London, Con- stable of Carnarvon Castle, and had held nu- merous other public offices. His death occurred after the receiving order was made. It ap- peared that he had been en.gagtd in mercantile and financial operations and enterprises, being at one time very wealthy. During the last ten years, however, -he had made no profits. It further appeared that at the time of the debtor's death lie was, interested in schemes re- lating to railways in Spain and the colonies, and he expected to receive large profits from them. The exaot value of t:e assets had yet to bo ascertained. Mr ^Ernest James, chartered accountant, was appointed trustee to administer the estate in bankruptcy, the bond to be given by him as security being recommended at £ 10,000.
THE EDUCATION COMPROMISE. LETTER FROM THE BISHOP OF ST. ASAPH. SETTLEMENT UNACCEPTABLE. (To the Editor of the "Pioneer"). Sir,—For some years I have striven for a "settlement." upon the basis of the main princi- ples embodied in the present Bill. Regretfully, but as a clear matter of duty. I feel compelled to say that the provisions in the Bill in which it is sought to give effect to these principles ought not, without serious amendment, to be accepted by Churchmen. The provisions for the freedom of the teacher, for facilities, for contracting out., for transfer, illustrate my mean- ing. I fear I must also add that other pro- visions in the Bill, as well as the financial pro- posals for grant and rent, seem to suggest not a balance. but a bias. Amendments that would secure the unfettered operation of the main principles upon which the Bill is based are abso- lutely necessary. I write in fear, lest in the prevailing atmosphere of compliment and com- nromise the necessity for the-se amendments should be overlooked.—Yours, etc., A. G. ASAPH. The Palace, St. Asaph, Nov. 28th.
ST. ASAPH DIOCESAN SCHOOLS ASSOCIA- TION OPPOSED TO THE NEW BILL. At Chester, on Saturday, a special meeting of the St. Asaph Diocesan Association of Schools was held for the purpose of considering tho new Education Bill. The Bishop of St. Asaph presided over a large attendance, and the Bill was fully discussed, with the result that the following resolution was passed:— "That. inasmuch as the Education Bill does not provide for religious equality as regards Church teaching, and confiscates Church School buildings without adequate compensation, this meeting of the Governing Body of the St. Asa ph D ioc-esan_ Association of Schools and of the St. Asaph Diocesan Board of Education will use every effort to defeat the same in its pre- sent form."
NORTH WALES TEMPER- ANCE FEDERATION. PROGRAMME OF FORWARD WORK. The Executive Committee of the North Wales Temperance Federation met, on Monday, at Wrexham, the chair being occupied by the Pre- sident (Sir Herbert Roberts, M.P.). The Secretary (the Rev. J. Glyn Davies) sub- mitted a very full programme of forward work, and it was discussed with great enthusiasm. Among those who took part were the Rev. W. A. Edwards, Aberffraw; Dr. Hugh Jones, Dol- gelley; Mr Edward Jones, Llandinam; Mr W. George, Criccieth; and Mr J. S. Lloyd, Wrex- ham. It was proposed, among other things, to ap- proach the Hinty Councils en the question of temperance teaching in the dav schools, to or gar.ise, next summer, if possible, a summer school of temperance and hygiene, to co-operate' with the county association in the 0| ening of fint-rVss temperance hotels and institutes, to take up the publication of temperance literature, and to link up the large towns and popular cen- tres of North Wales with a chain of temperance societies and bind of hope unions. Those rroposals excited the liveliest intersst, and a strong sub-committee was appointed to rep irt) upon them. The action of the House of Lords was the subject of another vigorous discussion, and even- tually the following resolution was passed:— L "That this committee very strongly protests against the unconsidered and reckless action of the House of Lords; hopes the Government will not let the question rest, but that it will take steps without hesitation to carry out the will of the people; and therefore appeals to all the friends of temperance in North Wales to give the Government every possible support in this direction." Six additional members were added to the Ex- ecutive Committee, among them being Dr. Car- ter, Deganwy, and Professor Lloyd, Bangor. The arrangements for the temperance exami- nation for 1909 were confirmed, and it was an- nounced that Mrs Lloyd George had kindly pro- mised to give a gold medal to the top candidate in the senior division. The invitation to hold the 1909 annual meetings at Holyhead was accepted, the date being fixed for the 11th and 12th of October. Through the kindness of Mr J. S. Lloyd, the members were entertained to much and tea; and the Treasurer (Mr W. G. Thomas) extended to the committee a cordial invitation to hold the next meeting at Carnarvon. The date was fixed for February 22nd.
In Japan, it is customary for the bride to give all her wedding presents to her parents.
MUSICAL NOTES. By Peter Edwards, Mus. Bac. ("Pedr Alaw"). MODE OF PLAYING. It is wonderful what different suggestions can be got out of music played slowly, instead of quickly; and it is amazing to what purpose a piece associated with certain secular words can be put to by being played in a totally different time from that of the original. I once heard of an organist to one of the North Wales chapels, situated not far from St. Asaph, who, being at a loss to know what piece to play as a voluntary, at a certain service, asked a musician present to suggest one. The latter, being fond of a joke, ri seriously suggested that he should play "Y Golomen Wen," slowly. This he did, and the new piece of sacred (!) music was much admired. My informant always laughs heartily when he recalls this incident. Another piece, whose title was associated with John Barleycorn, was re- cently played—"Maestoso,"—by a certain organ- ist, much to the. gratification of the deacons of a certain place of worship. When, however, the name of the piece was mentioned to one of these officers, he was filled with righteous indignation. If this sort of thing is indulged in by artful or- ganists, it may be expedient for deacons to ap- point two or three of their number to watch THE "MESSIAH" AT RIIYL. I notice that the annual performance of Han- del's great and highly-impressive work is to be given at Rhyl about a week before Christmas. It is a praiseworthv thing to place such a work annually before Welsh audiences; or, rather, audiences in Welsh towns; but it pains one to find that all the artistes engaged to sing are English! If the work had been one of Wagner's highly-dramatic operas, in which Welsh artistes have, so far, not excelled, one could have no reason for raising a protest; but the committee of the concert in question must know there are many Welsh artistes quite capable of distinguish- ing themselves in Handelian music. They can also be engaged at fees equally as low as those of English singers. Even if Rhyl is fast be- coming an English town, it is to be hoped there yet remains in it a sufficient appreciation of WTelsh vocal talent not to completely ignore it! A GOOD CONDUCTOR FOR CONWAY BAND. The young bandmaster, David Williams, who has recently been selected for the post of Excise- man at Conway, has been secured by the Con- way Brass Band as its conductor. Like nny others, he is a, self-taught player, and his ability earned for him the leadership of the Llanddulas Band when quite a young man. Upon enquiry at Llanddulas, the other day, I learnt that his mothera widow-died when he was a few weeks old, but he found a good foster-mother in Mrs Maria Williams, a friend of his mother. She told me of his great love for music from child- hood, and of his diligence as a student in cornet playing. It is the practice for many bands to send for a trainer out of its locality, and David Williams has, ere this; acted as such to the Llan- dudno Brass Band. About two years ago he went to seek work in South Wales, and found it in Mountain Ash. Afterwards he worked in Aberdare. At both places he took great inte- rest in bands, and was sought often as conductor. He also played as a cornet soloist at concerts in sundry places in South Wales. He will be a valuable acquisition to the Conway Band, of which, under his guidance, much may be reason- ably expected. < OWAIN ALAW. Speaking with an old Llanddulas resident, namelv, Mr Kyffin Williams, 76 years of age, he told me how delighted he was with the sing- ing of Owain Alaw at a concert given in Llan- ddulas, about 40 years ago, when the present Church was being re-built. He had a fine bass voice, and his songs gave great pleasure to the villagers. w w TANYMARIAN. Mr Will iams (being a Congregationalist) had I many opportunities of hearing that great man -the finest singer he ever heard! His voice was very rich, powerful, and yet sonorous. He could get marvellous effects out of the singers at the Musical Festivals and at other religious ser- vices when music was used. Asked to tell me something about the clays of his youth, Mr Wil- liams said he well remembered when, at the age of 8--10 years, he used to walk with his father on early Christmas morning from Rhvd-v- Foel to Llanddulas, to attend the "Plygain." The old gentleman sang to me the chorus part of one carol used in those days, the words there- of being as follows :— Y Gwych i'r Gwan! Bydd miloedd yn moli Mab Mari 'mhob man! He explained that one reason why the holding of the "Plygain" was discontinued, was the drink evil. At that tirro men could sit in the public-houses all night, if they wished, so that manv would be present at the "Plvgain" very much under the influence of drink. Mr Williams misses the carols of old days, but manv of them would, perhaps, not be enjoyed now. They were suitable for the needs of the unlettered folk of those years; nevertheless, one could now enjoy more of the spirit of worship found in old-time singing! » "ENID," THE WELSH OPERA. The English press has not bestowed much at- tention upon this work by a young Welshman. Soriio well-known papers have ignored it, whilst devoting space to sporting records and wrang- j lings about the defunct Licensing Bill, and that cau-e-of-jealousy-among Christians, the Educa- tion Bill. The new work by Mr Vincent Thomas is ad- mitted to be an advance upon his previous operas, but Wagner's influence is present "in a marked degree." His ability to write forcible ensembles is more than once made apparent in "Enid;" and in this direction the new opera is more or less admirable. It is in the writing for solo voices that the young composer fails to hit the mark, although Enid's song at the opening of the second scene is certainly not without charm. One critic mentions that Mr Thomas might consider the advisability of turning his composi- tion into a tone-poem, and thus create a wider field of interest! I have heard from one of the performers in the work that it has been received with unbounded delight. This has undoubtedly greatly encouraged the cc>mposer, from whom works may yet be expected which wTill delight the British musical world. As before mentioned the British musical world. As before mentioned in these "Notes," Mr Thomas' strength lies I in the instrumental branch of the art, and who knows that we may, later on, receive a sym- phony from his pen! A writer in the New York "Musical Courier" answers the following imaginary correspondents' questions:— Replying to yours of this day, we would say that we think the best place to study the piano is at the instrument. Madam E. is an excellent vocal teacher, for she told us so herself. If your left hand is as weak as you say, you had better use only the right, and turn pages with the left. Richard Strauss did not write the "Blue Danube" waltz. Yes; anybody can write marches like Sousa's. The only reason no one else did it is because he wrote them first. You ask whether "Parsifal" was given fre- quently four years ago, because it was greater then than now?—No; it is just as great now; but the audiences are not. ° » "CERDDOR Y TONIC SOL-FFA." It gave me much pleasure the other day to peruse the pages of this defunct monthly. It was an excellent publication in several respects. It may be safe to say that no musical periodical has appeared in Welsh, in which the literary matter showed better style than that of the "Ccrddor Cymreig" and the "Cerddor y Tonic Sol-ffa." Again, through these media, a large number of the best-known English glees and anthems of fifty and a hundred years ago, as well as choruses from the works of the great Continental masters, were made accessible to the lowliest Welsh musicians, in the best adapted form—for I should think most people who have looked into the matter, will admit the ability and suitability of "Ieuan Gwyllt" as an editor and adaptor. It is a pity that many of the pieces which ap- peared in the "Cerddor y Tonio Sol-ffa" are not again brought into use--in competitions and otherwise. May I ask the reader to note the following? "Y Friallen" (Mendelssohn), Vol. 1, No. 2. "Haleluwia." (Dr. Croft), Vol. 1, No. 8. "Gwin a Dwr" (Mendelssohn), Vol. 1, No. 11. "Y Gwyrddlas Bren" (Dr. Arne), Vol. 2, No. 14. Ditto (ditto), Male Voices, "Ocklifewn i'w galon bur" (Dr. Caloott), VoL 2, No. 16. I shall note others next week, trusting the l;st will be serviceable to Welsh musicians and Eis- teddfod Cotnmitteea.
LLANDUDNO GUARDIAN SOCIETY. ANNUAL DINNER. THE PROGRESS OF THE TOWN. INTERESTING TOPICS DISCUSSED. The fourteenth annual dinner of the Llandud- no Guardian Society for Protection of Trade took place on Friday evening, about 130 mem- bers and guests of the Society meeting at the Imperial Hotel, and partaking ef an excellent repast provided by Mr Chantrey. Mr Alec. Taylor, the president, occupied the chair, thei vice-chairman being Dr. T. L. Kenrick Davies. The principal guest was Mr Ellis Jones Griffith, M.P., who was accorded a cordial reception. Amongst others present were the Rector (Rev. Llewelyn R. Hughes), Rev. J. Irvon Davies, Messrs J. E. Hallmark, J. 0. Thomas, J.P., J. W. Gardiner, Dr. Richards, Messrs H. W. Sheldon, C. Bowdage, F. Lynes, Luther Mudd, H. Nelson, J. Winter, C. Hodson, N. Smith, W. A. Jones, T. Swinnerton, W. T. Newman, T. Foster, H. Garker, Richard Roberts, J. Rawes Davis, W. A. Roberts, Chas. Farrington, James Marks, G. A. Humphreys, Dr. E. S. Gooddy, Messrs Alfred Conolly, E. W. Johnson, J. Adey Wells, A. J. Oldman, F. Holland, A. H. Hughes, W. R. Brookes, L. S. Uifderwood, Hugh Hughes, Ben. Jones, Robert Owen, Dr. Dalton, Samuel Chantrey. J. A. S. Hassal, Jos. Owen, R. Dun- phv, G. F. Brown, Edward Owen, Chas. Green- hrjgh, Sam. Hewitt, Griffith Roberts, L. A., Cocker, A. G. Moy, W. Duncan, S. R. Bartley, Richard Thomas, John Roberts (Clarence House), F. Fildes, R. C. naxte. F. J. Sarson, W. H. Jones (chairman of the Llandudno U.D.C.), W. B. Briges. A. Deacon, F. Dicken, Tom Hughes, R.. E. Davies, —. Evatt, J. D. Parry, Reeves Hughes, J. Jones, ITowel Jones, —. Byrne (North Western Hotel), Adoniah Evans, Henry Hughes, R. T. Owen, W. S. Williams, E. P. Morris, C. Searell, F. W. Jones, R. H. Thomas, John Ro- berts, T. R. Hughes, A. Bellis, C. H. Bevan, C. W. Brown, A. J. Davies, Wm. Davies, T. J. Roberts, Robert Jones, J. Evans, W. Ll. Searell, E. W. Roberts, H. W. Lance, Richard Williams (jeweller), H. J. Williams, Edward Pierce, Morris, J. Pugh Roberta, Hugh Jones, T. 0. Morgan, C. Felix, John Wil- liams, John Owen, Hugh Edwards, R. Wcod- ward, Sedbetter, T. Smith, Wm. Hughes, A. M. Flash, Joseph Forrester, Ernest Jones, J. Tipton, J. HoLwn, E. E. Bone. T. J. Jones, R. Greenfield, F. N. Mercer, and Percy Beaumont. Letters regretting inability to attend were re- ceived from Councillors James Porter and Ralph Fisher. THE MENU. The following was the menu.- Clear Turtle. Thick Ox Tail. Turbat. Sauce Hollandaise. Whitebait A la diable. Tete de Vcnu a la Poulette. Roast Haunch Mutton. Ribs of Beef Horxeradifh Sauce. Potatoes. Brussels Sprouts. Stewed Celery. Roast Pheasant, Chip, etc. Charlotte Colonial. Pe-ars Sarah Bernhardt. Meringues Mushrooms. Canape a la Royals, Glace Banane. Dessert. Coffee. • During the progress of the dinner a selection Ion of music was played by the Llandudno Town Band, and at intervals songs were contributed by Messrs C. II. Bevan, C. W. Brown and J. Forrester. THE TOAST LIST, The President submitted the loyal toasts, which were duly honoured. Mr J. E. Hallmark, in proposing the toast of the "Army and Navy," after alluding to the visit of naval ships to Llandudno in the summer, said he regretted that there appea.red to be some dissatisfaction in Wales with regard to the new Army rpfiuJatiom and that it had an effectj upon recruiting in WTales. It was, however, to be hoped that the germ of dissatisfaction, what- ever it was, would soon be removed, and that in the future Welshmen would occupy the same con- spicuous place in the Armies of the future as they had done in the past (applause). With re- gard to the Volunteer forces, he pointed out that under the new conditions of service it was possible for anyone who joined the now force, not only to keep within his allowance, but to profit a little by it, when he went for his annual train- ing. It behoved every true patriot to do all in his power to support the new Territorial forces (applause). Surg.-Mai. Kenrick Davies. in responding, said that the true policy of Great Britain* should be to resist the growing naval power of Germany. They must look forward and make provision) against dangers which, by the very fact of such provision being made, may never arise (hear, hear). Owing to our insular position it was es- sential that our first line of defence should be a powerful navy, sufficient in strength to give us a margin of ten per cent. over and above that of the combined strength of any two of the great naval powers, so as to afford us absolute con- trol of the sea (applause). They must also see that their second line of defence, the army, was also equal to any emergency (applause). The money they spent every year on defence should give them an admirable and efficient land force. whose standard of training should equal that of any contending forces. They had universal compulsory education, and whv not universal com- pulsory military training? The belief in compul- sory military training was based on con sideration si of human nature. It would be manifestly unfair for one employer to lose the services of a certain number of his men for the period required an- nually for their military service, and so suffer financially for his patriotism, whilst his rival in business reaped an advantage by refusing the ne- cessary lease to his employees. When every able- bodied citizens realised it as a duty and privilege to be efficiently trained for the defence of his hearth and home, then would we become a- greater and more efficient people. THE TOWN'S REMARKABLE DE- VELOPMENT. l Mr Ellis Jones Griffith, M.P., proposed- the toast of the "Town and trade of Llandudno," coupled with the name of the Guardian Society, and associated with it the names of Mr G, A. Humphreys and Dr. E. S. Gooddv. one renre- senting the wealth and the other the health of Humphreys and Dr. E. S. Gooddv. one renre- senting the wealth and the other the health of the place—(laughter and applause)—and he trust- ed each represented both (applause). He went on to say that the present generation were in- debted to those men of the past who had specu- lated and planned the Llandudno of the future, (hear, hear). Few towns could boast of such ad- s IL vantages as Llandudno, with its wide, well lighted streets, attractive shops, first class hotels, etc., which afforded ample proof of the vitality of the town (hear,hear). He understood that the first Act of Parliament in connection with Llandudno was pa-ssed in 1854. and the second in 1876. The. town revenue from all sources at that time was onlf £ 5000, whilst last year it was £ 23,000 (ap- I nlause). Since 1854 the local authority of Llan- dudno had spent on public works £ 380,000, but of that only 2200,006 was now owing, and tho assets were well worth double the amount of money (applause). As showing the remarkable development of the town, he said that whilst in 1887 the number of letters posted in a week wan just 37.000, last yoar the number was 216.000. The number of letters received in 1887 was 36,000, and last year it was 194.000. The number of telegrams dealt with in 1887 was 78,000, and last year 200,000 (applause). Continuing, Mr Griffith said that the local authority could boast of a pure and abundant supply of fresh water, a complete and perfect scheme of sanitation nnd many other advantages, so it was no wonder Llandudno had become ono of the most favourite seaside resorts in tho United Kingdom (applause). He was glad tc< see that the long list of past presidents of tho Guardian Society included the names of gentle- men of various nationalities. As a Welshman he welcomed all nationalities to Wales, but expec- ted that their first duty should be to Wrales, where they lived, and not to the country from, whence they came (hear, hear). He was glad that upon the governing body of the town racial, religious, and political distinctions were unknown. All these things were laid aside in order to work harmoniously together for the welfare of the town (applause). ATTRACTIONS FOR VISITORS. Mr G. A. Humphreys, in responding, said that the success of the Guardian Society was empha- sised by the fact that it could attract such a body of men as were assembled there that evening. Every trade and profession was represented on the society, the Executive Committee of which was composed of men each experienced in hist own class of work. He alluded to the various matters dealt with by the society as indicating the comprehensiveness of its work, and added. that its finances were in a satisfactory state, and that the new committee were entering upon their work backed up by a credit balance. Continuity, of development, he said, was one of the prime eS-I sentials for Llandudno, and they must always be on the alert for new ideas. Good ideas had been acquired at these gatherings in the past, and !1() doubt the future would have ample in store to occupy the most progressive committees that? might be formed. They all desired the develop- ment of the town in which they lived, anci where interests were so intermingled, to obtain) the best results their object should be to co- ordinate and organise town affairs, and work to- gether under one complete scheme, each in his individual way doing a share to the best of his ability, so that the collective result might be good. Their schemes must be well devised, anti- cipating the ever-increasing needs of a growing population, and if they were to be succebsfis, loyalty must play a very important part. But while endeavouring to incite an increased interest! in Llandudno, he also wished to see the other North Wales towns whether competitive or otherwise—go ahead. All the towns along thoj northern coast of tha Principality depended al- most entirely on the summer visitors for their success. A beautiful sea coast, including a safe and charming sandy beach, matchless mountains, and valley scenery, twentieth century sewage schemes and water supplies, were not in them- selves sufficient to keep Llandudno in the fore- front. W ftile they were surrounded on three sides by mountains, and on the fourth side by the sea, there existed to-day facilities for seeing other parts of the world, and that was a phase of mod- ern life which, he feared, they did not fully notei and deal with by counter attraction, Year by) year the number of English people who used to go to the British seaside resorts were going abroad. Not for one moment would he depre- cate foreign travel. Its influence for good was; too valuable. But he wanted to ensure that they would not be left behind in the race, owing tot want of foresight and judgment (applause). One important characteristic noticeable in those who had been abroad was the way their eyes had been opened to appreciate and admire the architecture of the countries visited, and once having reached that stage, it was only natural that they should apply their knowledge in making is comparisons between the architecture of their own country and that seen abroad. Did they fully realise the fact that the success of Llandudno depended entirely on their attracting visitors, and that the appearance of their town, in all its aspects was a most important factor in pleasing those who came? He wished he could stir up some enthusiasm in their townsmen and townswomen that would lead them to demand better buildings—buildings that they could take a pride in and leave with confidence to the judgment of the future (applause). It required something more than the architect to produce good architecture; there must be the desire for beauty on the part of the people. In con- clusion Mr Humphreys, on behalf of the society, cordially thanked Mr Ellis J. Griffith for his excellent practical address. LOCAL INDUSTRIES. Dr. E. S. Goody, who also responded, paid, a high tribute to the able and skilful manner in which the affairs of the Guardian Society were managed by its officials. Prosperous as Llan- dudno was, it was not as prosperous as it might be. There was ample room for improvement, and to still increase the prosperity of their beauti- ful town (hear, hear). He was pleased to see that steps were now being taken to extend the season at Llandudno, which was a move in the right direction, and he hoped it would be crowned with success (applause). In Llandudno they were almost entirely dependerit upon the summer months. They had no industry of any kind to fall back upon, and he failed to see why a small toy-making industry or something of tho kind could not be established somewhere near the town. Such goods could be made in the town, and provide employment in the winter months, and the manufactured articles could be sold in the town during the summer months (hear, hear). SHOPPING OUT OF TOWN. li^r. A- ,• Hughes proposed the toast of the visitors. He said that the past season had been a fairly average one, but tradesmen who had been in business 25 to 30 years knew that many old visitors now no longer came to the place, and it behoved the residents to see that the town was well advertised to attract new visitors (applause). He thought the time had come when the claims of Llandudno should be. brought as prominently before the public as those of other less favoured resorts (applause). The Rector (the Rev. LJ. R. Hughes, who had arrived from the meeting in the Town Hall on the subject of Church extension) replied to the toast, and said that the success of Llandudno was as important to him as to any of them. They wcr-e all trying in different ways to work together for the good of the town. The Rev. Irvon Davies (who was also to respond to the toast) and himself had been good friends ever since he came to the town, and they often sat in each other's room for a quiet chat (applause). The Rector went on to deal with the subject of "buying out of town," and said he thought it should be a matter of honour with all residents to buy everything they could in Llandudno (ap- plause). He could stand before them with a clear conscience as to that, but perhaps that waij no merit, because lie always went where ho could buy the best article at the cheapest co (applause). The second thing he had to say was that they should pay for what they get (laughter and applause). Personally, he had managed so to reduce his requirements after the lapse of a few months, he was able to pay for them. There was one other thing he would like to refer to, and that was the interest taken in the place by the Mostyn family. From that family he had always received the greatest sup- port, and wished to take that opportunity of expressing his respect for them in every way (applause). Mr Humphreys on the one hand and the Council in their way were each working for the good of the town, and doing what they could to meet its increasing needs. Mr Irvon Davies and himself (the Rector) were doing the same thing in another direction (applause). Tho one thing he would ask them to do was to read and ponder over the reports of the speeches de- livered that evening at the Town Hall (applause). The Rev. J. Irvon Davies, also replying, thanked the society for their invitation, and wished them every success and prosperity. He and the Rector agreed in many things, and he might say on many essential things, and for the rest they agreed to differ, and were the best of friends (applause). He trusted that other sections of the town would agree in the same way, and do their utmost for the benefit of the beautiful town of Llandudno, commercially, socially, morally, and spiritually (applause). THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT- Mr W. R. Brookes proposed the toast of the "President and Vice-president," and said that the president (Mr Alec Taylor) took a very active interest in all movements for the good of Llan- dudno. He founded that very excellent in- stitution, the Boys' Brigade, and on the May- Day Committee he had done very hard work, and also at various times had taken up the training and conductorship of children's choirs. He (Mr Brookes) had been associated with him on several committees, and had always found him a useful member. The vice-pre&ident (Dr. Kenrick Davies) also took a deep interest in everything that was for the good of the town. For many years he had been an officer in that celebrated regiment, "the Royal Welsh Fusiliers," and he was enthusiastic in all that per- tained to the welfare of the Army. Mr Brookes referred to the work done by Surgeon-Major Davies in connection with the St. John Am- bulance lectures, and to the active work he did in connection with the Church of which he was a member. The President, in responding, thanked Mr Brookes for the kind things he had said of him, and the company for the warmth with which' the toast had been received, and for the kind way in which they had supported him in his trying position that night. It was frequently said that there was no room for sentiment in business, but their annual gathering proved con- clusively so far as Llandudno was concerned that there was ample room for sentiment, and that they had the highest form of sentiment shown there at their annual gatherings. The Vice-president (Dr. Kenrick Davies) said, in responding to the toast, that he had now been admitted to an apprenticeship in the arts of trade,- and he hoped that by the time he had completed his apprenticeship he would know all its trickn and secrets (laughter). But that society did not exist for enabling the trade to play "tricks on the public, but to prevent the public playing tricks upon the trade (laughter). He was sure they would all agree with him that that was a very laudable object (applause and laugh-» ter). Mr R. H. Thomas proposed the ever popular toast of "The Ladies," to which Mr Richard Thomas (Morton's) responded.
DEATH OF A FORMER BETTWS-Y-COED CURATE. "The Morning Post" yesterday announced the death of the Rov. R. T. Ogden, formerly v:œ.r, of Nettleden, Bucks, at the age of aixty-three- He was ordained in 1869, and was curate of Bettwsyooed from 1869 to 1874, of Dol wyddelen, Carnarvonshire, from 1874 to 1878, and of West Derby, Liverpool, from 1880 to 1882. In the latter year he accepted the living of Nettleden, which he retained until 1896.