HOT- E OF COMMONS. THE REFORM BILL. After some preliminary business of no importance, the House resumed the consideration of the iiefonn Bill in Committee, Coll meacing with Mr. Watkin's amendment to clause 3 :ha; no tenement shall be held 3o, 11 dwelling-house ior pu: poses of this Act whica contains Jess than two rooms, and Mr. Pease's addition ::9 it that the said two rooms shall not contain less than 1,600 cubic feet of air. Mr, YY atiiin. in support of his amendment, said its object, was to prevent household suffrage degenerating into hovel suit-age, and to exclude the residuum, and quoted irom JJx. Hunter's reports, to show the number of ti:, wOlle-roomed houses iu various boroughs, main- taining that in boroughs of under 1,600 electors, they would amount to 10 per cent. of the constituency. Sir n. P. Collier objected to both am<jndmer;ts*as im- porting a novel definition of a dwelling, which would be worthless guarantees of rcspectabiiity, and would lead to endless litigation. Sir. Meller and Mr. P. Scrope opposed the amend- ment, which found a solitary supporter in Mr. M-Laren, and ultimately, after some discussion, which turned in a great measure on the importance kpli-tielilai-ly for the northern towns where the system of flats prevails) of careiully defining a house, both amendments were withdrawn on Sir G. Grey's suggestion, the Attorney- General undertaking to incorporate a definition of a dwelling-house in the interpretation clause. An amendment moved by bir F. Goldsmid, providing that no Uian shall be entitled, under clause 3, to be re- gistered by reason of his being a joint occupier of any dwcllmg-housc, was carried OIl a division by 259 to 25. Mr. Iiodgkinson next moved an amendment practi- cally abolishing the compound householder" by pro- Tidillg hat after the passing of the Act no other person than the occupier shall be rated to parochial rates in Parliamentary boroughs. He traced the history of these compounding Acts, maintaining that they, never were intended to interfere with the Parliamentary franchise, that the.r operation was anything but beneficial, and that their abolition would put all classes of voters all over tne country on an equality, would simplify the pro- cesses of registration, would exclude the residuum, and make the Bdl permanent. Mr. Gladstone prefaced the expression of his views on the amendment by repeating his uncompromising hostility to the principle of the Government as it stood in the bill, abjuring at the same time any intention of reviving opposition on points already decisively settled, or of proposing any lcstrictions on those parts of the bill which tended to household suffrage; but added that, looking to the state of feeling out of doors and the probable commencement of a formidable agitation if the liii were sent out in its present form, he was willing, for the sake of peace, to consider whether its in- justice would be mitigated by the incorporation in it of this proviso. The bill offered the option be- twecn composition ar.d the franchise, and though he should have been giad to secure the social and economical advantages of compounding along with the political advantages of the franchise, the opinion of the House had been pronounced unmistakably against him, that he conceived it now to be his duty to secure the primary advantage of a large and equal extension of the suffrage, even at the expense of the secondary conveni- ence of the compounding system. Believing that the country was wil.ing to submit to the same inconveni- ences. he assented to Mr. Hodgkinson's amendment, though regretting the necessity of paying such a price, and he saw no reason why the Government should not accept it, since it was in entire conformity with the prin- ciple of the Bill bat he warned them that the conces- sion. if made, must be simultaneous, and not deferred for future legislation. Mr. Gladstone concluded by intimating that, much as he might deprecate the removal of this question from the Parliamentary arena to out-door agitation, if this last opportunity of remedy- ing the inequalities of the Bill were denied him, he should feel that he had done all that a desire for peaco req aired. Mr. Bass supported the amendment. The Chancellor of the Exchequer acknowledged that the amendment, so far from being opposed to, went to strengthen and complete the principle on which the Go- vernment had deliberately based their bill; the sound- ness of which was nowproved, not only by the large ma- jorities by which it had been accepted, but by the suggestion cf this amendment from the other side, and by Mr. Gladstone's speech in support of it. In all his action in regard to the bill, Mr. Gladstone, he pointed out, had gone on the fallacy that the Government had fixed on this principle of rating with the design of taking advantage of the Eating Act to restrict enfranchisement whereas, in fee*, this proposal of Mr. Iiodgkinson had been ia the original scheme of the Government, and had only keen given np because they hesitated to encumber their venture with a burden which might have exposed them to additional danger, and might have brought upon them an. the advocates of what Mr. Gladstone—though he mm abandoned it—a few weeks ago called a result of the advances of modern civilization. Consequently, BOW that it was proposed by the House of Commons, it did not need Mr. Gladstone's solemn tones of admoni- tion to induce the Government, without claiming credit for any sacrifice, to accept the principle of a proviso wbich was substantially their own, and which carried out their own policy. But the object would not be at- jaincd by a simple clause. The difficulties and complica- lions of the subject were so great that separate legisla- tioo would be necessary, and the Government would uoq-,ytzik-e the task; but m the meantime he proposed the committee should go on with the clause relating to the compounders as originally arranged. Referring to Mr. Gladstone's dark warnings as to out-of-door agi- tation, Mr. Disraeli expressed a strong opinion that his representation of the state of feeling out of doors was much exaggerated, and assured the House that the Government were not. influenced by such threats. Mr. Childers suggested that after the concession just made the clause relating to the compounders should be postponed until a bill for abolishing them altogether was laid on the table, and that the two bills should then pro- cc: d pan passu. Mr. Avrton replied that what Mr. Childers would do was tantamount to giving up the Reform Bill altogether for this Session, for the ramifications of the Compound- ing Acts were so wide that a bill could not be passed ■without going.before a Select Committee,, and he sug- gested as an. intermediate cours-e something, akin to his tlWll amendment, by which every occupier would be catecV and the operation of existing contracts and ing Acts saved, so that the whole question would be left open. The Chancellor of the Exchequer pointed out the znpcssiLdity of carrying on the two bills pan passu, and of mixing up tne two subjects, and declined to go further than to pledge himself to deal with the subject effectively in some manner which would not interfere with the progress of the Reform Bill. A Tong oon versation fo lowed, turning chiefly on the course to be pursued and the exact character ot the en- gagement of the Government. Mr. Forster, Mr. Mill, and Sir S. P. Collier dwelt on the Jutility of proceeding with the compounders' clauses if they were to be abolished, and pressed the Government to go on with the other parts of the Bill until the House could see thr;R- plan. The Attorney-General and Mr. Brctt urged the diffi- eulties of t e subject and the obstacles in the way of krhTgrag i n a Bill. Mr. Powell advocated separate legislation. Mr. Renman maintained that the easiest mode of proceeding was to adopt .he proviso, and Mr. Sandford warmly declared that the Bill was now turned into household suffrage pure and simple. Mr. llenley replied to him, and insisted that there was no change in the principle of the bill, which had 11 always ciiered the franchise to every householder who Ujjid" his rates. He recommended the Government to accept the resolution as the easiest and readiest mode of effecting thu object, for in passing a bill they would be )net with the sordid opposition of these interested in maintaining this system of robbing the poor. Mr. Chambers warmly supported the bill, and an- aonn?cd that he should support the Government in every division to keep the bill alive, and Mr. Osborne, in a i«iniourou» speech, commented on the development of Mr, s Radicalism, and eulogised his skill in tending his- party to accept household suffrage. 1 The Gimnccllor o £ the Exchequer repeated that the Government accepted the proviso in principle, pleading ilse difiieuhy of deciding at once without consideration how it would bst be carried out—whether by a separate Bill or by clauses in this Bill. He suggested, therefore, that Mr." Iiodgkinson should withdraw his amendment, tbat clause 3 should be disposed of, and on Monday he would state what course the Government would take. This course was objected to by Mr. Gladstone and Lord c 1. who moved that the Chairman report progress, on the ground that Mr. Disraeli's concession —which, whether politic or not. was an abnegation of an Óe jwineiplcsof the ( o,servttive party-L,,LLI totally IR';¡-sru;ll the character of the Bill. Uitimaicly the Chairman left the Chair without fitnher progress being made, or any decision given on the amendment. The Hypothec Amendment Scotland Bill passed THROUGH Committee HOUSE OF LORDS.—MAY 20. ISCilUASE OF THIS EPISCOPATE. T:I commute uoouthe Increase of the Episcopate Bill, ai voi. vet- iii. te*.i ti. ok i'lace -on the eLiiibc for the ap- pomtmcnt of suffragan bishops, to which the Primate had proposed an amendment, but eventually. by general consent, the clause was postponed, it being admitted on all hands that it was one requiring very careful con- sideration FORTIFICATIONS. In committee upon the Fortifications (Provision for Expenses) Bill, Lord Grey denounced the inconsistency, as it appeared to him, of building fortifications with bonowed money, and at the same time of endeavouring to reduce the National Delit by the creation of terniiu- able annuities. The Bill, however, passed through committee. HOUSE OF COMMONS. IIUHAL, PARKS BILL. There was an unusually large attendance of members anxious to hear the decision of the Ministry on the fate of the compounders. Mr. Hardy (answering a question from Mr. Taylor) postponed the Royal Parks Bill until after Whitsuntide, nit:mating that, though the Government held some legislation to be necessary, they did not wish to mix it up with the discussion of the Reform question. REFORM BILL. The House then wi-at into committee on the Reform EI 11. resuming with Mr. Hodgkinson's amendment on CIANSE 3. on which The Chancellor of the Exchequer announced, amid considerable cheering, that the Government, having caretully considered the matter, wers of opinion that the object of the amendment—the abolition of the com- pounders-could be accomplished by clauses in this Bid. and if it could be done he promised it should be. Difficulties had arisen because the necessary information was not immediately at hand but inquiries were being made, and on Thursday he hoped to explain the exact plan of the Government, and also to state the course "cy would recommend for the purpose of sending the Bill up to the Lords as early as possible. Under these circumstances it was unnecessary to go on with the compounders' clauses, and he suggested that they should proceed at once with clause 4 (the county franchise). Mr. Hod,. ;kinson on this intimation withdrew hi J amendment, and Mr. P. Scrope postponed his (excusing all rates under X4.) The Chairman then put the question that clause 3 (which has been under discussion since April 11) be added to the Bill, on which Mr. Lowe rose and asked leave to say a few words on the character and effect of this, perhaps the most im- portant clause ever submitted to the House of Com- mons, especially as it had never been explained to the House, and it was only now that the real principle of the Bill was apparent—that all householders should have the franchise except those who were excused payment of rates on the ground of poverty. After describing in a hu- mourous and sarcastic passage the manner in which Mr. Disraeli had played with his party, treating them like a sny horse, and leading them up to household suffrage by the allurements of the" dud vote," I- two year's' residence," and "compounding," which he had dropped one after the other—adding, amid much laughter, "I hope they like it,"—he discussed the probable reasons which had actuated both sides in entering into this ruinous competition, and in permitting themselves, without adequate discussion, to be brought to this point. On the Liberal side there had been a weariness of the question and a longing for a settlement, a dread ot a dissolution, and a dread of the new classes of voters; and on the Conservative side there was an im- patience of the programme the Liberals had laid down—that they alone should be perpetually bring- ing in Reform Bills and enjoying ofliec as a conse- quencc-which in a party view was not unintelligible. Next he went on to discuss what the effect of the Bill would be, remarking on the complete contempt which had been shown for statistics this year, predicting that it would at least double the present borough consti- tuency. and asserting that its only aim was to admit as many as possible, so that they were of the poorest and the most ignorant classes, and that it would transfer the entire power to the present non-electors and to the class of unskilled labourers. At present these classes had no politics at all, and when they took up with politics they would be of a Socialist character, and they would support the men who promised them a redistribution of the good things of this lite. The first result of their reign would be the substitution ot direct taxes on the rich for the iiiuirect taxes on spirits, tea, sugar, tobacco, and other luxuries 01 the poor, and among other consequences of t:.e Bill which Mr. Lowe shadowed forth were a graduated income-tax, a repudiation of the National Debt, an in- convertible cunency, a social contest between the upper and middle and the lewer classes, in which the victory would follow political strength, an attack on the House of Lords, and a law restricting the hoars of labour to eight a day. Possibly it might be expected that these consequences would be averted by lavish corruption, but he warned those who contemplated the purchase of a democratic constituency that they would have to swallow the sllibbolelli-the whole roll of democratic pledges to boot. Of the cffccts on the composition of the House Mr. Lowe drew a gloomy picture, repeating his argument of last year, that the House is not a mere Legislative Assembly, but, in the last re- e I sort, the Executive of the country and he concluded with a powerful denunciation of a scheme which, though it only carried out the old oligarchial idea of an alliance with democracy, would cast an indelible stigma on the Conservatives, and would ruin not only the present parties in the State, but the State itself. Mr. Henley replied that most of Mr. Lowe's argu- ments applied to the present constituency just as much as to that to be created, and, therefore, to all repre- sentative institutions, and asserted that the schcmc of the Government was the most Conservative proposal that could be made, as well as the safest and most honest. It was not a question which the Government had any option in taking up, since, for the last lourteen years, it had been recom- mended in successive Queen's Speeches, without pro- voking any opposition from either party, or from any leading politician and the Government had to consider whether they would attempt to settle it, or would allow the pot to boil over," with what consequences it was impossible to predict. Having once determined to settle it, there was no ground on which they could hope to find firm footing but that which they had chosen, and though its working might be expected with some p anxiety, there was every prospect of its being as pcruia- nent a settlement as could be obtained. Sir R. Knightley made some strong observations on the new aspect of affairs, and argued that, so far from Mr. Disraeli having been playing with his party, he had been groping for a policy all along. Mr. Newdcgate and Mr. B. Cochrane defended the support given by the Conservative party to this scheme, and Mr. Cochrane laid the prinaaiy responsibility for it on the Liberal party, who had so long played with the question and encouraged public meetings out of doors. The Conservative party had obeyed a necessity stronger than themselves, and he anticipated that the effects of the Bill would be advantageous to the country. Mr. Beresford Hope protested against the degradation of the franchise, and found fault w.tb the representa- tives of the landed interest, who had no been sufficiently forward to defend the boroughs.. After some observations from Mr. Scourficld, who, though dissatisfied with the clause as amended, had too much confidence in the good sense ut the people to share in Mr. Lowe's gloomy views from Mr. Schreiber, who J strongly condemned the Lodger Franchise; and from j, Mr. P. Scivpc, who argued in favour of Irs amendment, ■! that it would cure all the evils Mr. Lowe had appro- hended, and would keep out tho" residuum." Clause 3 was declared to be agreed to, aiaid consider- able die ring. On clause 4, the county franchise clause, Mr. Mill moved his amendment, embodying a female suffrage, which, he argued, was a logical consequence of the constitutional maxim that taxation ar.d repre- sentation go hand in hand, and of Mr. Gladstone s dictum that every one should have the franchise who was not unfit, or would not be dangerous to the public good. Women, he asserted, in old times, had been allowed to vote for some counties and boroughs, and as to the arguments against it, they were utterly un- practical, and had no foundation except in the feeling of strangeness. To the argument that poli- tics were not women's business he replied neither were they the business of any but very few men. .cs and no man was held to discharge his professional or business duties the worse because he took an interest in electioneering; and, having combated the objections that women were already sufficiently represented and had sufficient- power, he pointed out various grievances under which women laboured, such as the unfair share allotted to men of educational endowments, and in the distribution of employments. In the discussion which followed, and which for the most part was more jocu-lar than serious in its tone, tin- amendment was opposed by Mr. Karslake, who urged that it would lead to the enfranchisement of married women by- Mr. Laing, who .pointed out that it musi be followed by the admission of women to the House of Commons; by Mr. Onslow and Lord Galway, win pressed Mr. Mill to withdraw it, as it placed niiiin admirers of the fair sex in a false position. M r. Fawcett, Mr. Denman, and Sir G. Bowyer supported the amendment, which on a division was rejected by 196 to 73. AN amendment by Mr. Colville to reduce the copy- hold franchise to £ 5 was faintly opposed by the Attorney General, but after a short conversation was carried on A division by 201 to 157. At this point the Chairman was ordere(I to report progress. In Committee of Supply a number of votes were agreed to in the Civil Service Estimates, completing sums already taken on account for the expenses of the Public I Departments. The National Debt Bill passed through committee. The Arr.v Enlistment Bill was read a second time. I HOUSE OF LOKDS—TUKSDAY, MAY 22. ALABAMA CLAIMS. Lord Derby, in reply to a question from Lord Russell, stated that although the principle of arb, ration upon the subject of the Alabama claims had been admitted by the United Sta es Government, yet there were differences as to [he exact points of reference. The nei,ot ations were being continued, but in a very satis- factory spirit. CuNTAGIOUS DISEASES (ANIMALS) BILL. The Duke of Buckingham, in moving the second reading of the Contagious Diseases (Animals) Bill, alter giving an elaborate history of the recent and .former i outbreaks, stated that the legislation of last Session, enabling the Privy Council to i-sue orders to meet special cases, had been productive of great advantage, The Bill now proposed would continue existiu.: powers, and in .-oiiic respects would extend them as experience had shown to oe necessary. After a brief d seussion, in the course of which a general assent was given, upon an understanding that it would be referred to a Select Committee, the bill was rend a second time. The biil for abolishing the office of Vice-President of the Board of Trade was read a second time. The sitting was closed at half-past six o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS. The first business in the House of Commons yester- day was to comply with the:immelllorial custom of ad- journing over the Derby Day. IRISH LAND BILLS. Lord Naas (in answer to Mr. O'Beirne) said it was intended to persevere with the Irish Land Bills, and promised to fix the day for their further progress as soon as public business would allow. MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS. Mr. Mill introduced a Bill for the establishment of Municipal Corporations in the metropolis, explaining that he proposed to make these municipal constituencies conterminous with the Parliamentary boroughs—divid- ing the Tower Hamlets as was proposed by the Govern- ment Reform Bill, and making a district of Chelsea and Kensington, and intimating that he should not move the second reading until he had brought in his Bill for a central Federal Municipality, with which he was not yet prepared. Mr. Ayrton, though not opposing the introduction of the Bill, pointed out that it was not in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Metropolitan Local Government, which had sat lor some Sessions, and had recently reported, and that the evidence before tiie Committee was entirely against any great extension of the areas of management. But in the present state. of business it was impossible to proceed with any Bill on the subject this Session. Mr. Locke argued in favour of a scheme which would take the City Corporation as a nucleus for a great metropolitan municipality, dividing the metropolis into 7 wards; and, after some remarks from Mr. Hogg and Colonel Sykes in defence of the existing local bodies, Mr. Hardy offering no opposition on the part of the Government, though declining to give any pledge as to their views on so complicated a question, the bill was brought in. Alter some conversation on the alleged refusal of the Saitcrs' Company to gra-it a site for a. Roman Catholic Church at Maghcrafcls, Mr. Bentiuck called attention to the mode in which the Ecclesiastical Commissioners have dealt with the claims of the non-capitular members of cathedral and collegiate churches to increased stipends and moved for copies of the questions winch have lately been issued to the lion-capitylar members of cathedral and collegiate churches, and the replies thereto. Mr. Mowbray assented to the motion, which was agreed to, after some remarks from Mr. ila.ikey and Mr. W. N. Hodgson. IIAIiEAS CORPUS ACT IN IRELAND*. Lord Nass, in bringing in a Bill to prolong until March the 1st next the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act in Ireland, urged that it had been- very useful in suppressing the late disturbances, and that there were many prisoners now in custody whom it would sot- be safe to release, and promised that the powers of the Act should only be exercised for the safety of the country, as the Government had always held that it was not intended for the purposes of punishment. Among other statistics which he produced in support of the Bill, Lord Nass mentioned that since the last renewal of the Act 211 persons had been-arrested, of whom 142 had been released, and no arrest had been made since April 23 and, replying to insinuations that the releases had been made injudieimlsly and indiscriminately, lie alleged that of the 778 persons released (out of the 961. arrested since the first suspension of the Habeas Corpus), only 26 had been rearrested. Mr. Maguire promised to, raise a discussion at the next stage; ami leave was then given tG, bring in the Bill.' MISCELLANEOUS. Some time was occupied in the'discussion of the rival Scotch Game Bills of Mr. M'Lagan and Lord. Elcho, both of which were ultimately read a second time and referred to a Select Committee. Lord Amberley moved the second reading of his Par- liamentary Registration. Bill, the object of which is to prevent electors voting more than once for the same place, by providing that, however numerous his qualitiea- tions, no elector's name shall be entered more than once on the register. Mr, Hardy opposed, the BilL pointing out practical inconveniences in. its working, maintaining that, there was no grievance to be remedied, and dwelling on the inexpediency of unsettling the law just at the moment when a Reform Bill was passing. Ah-. Powell also opposed the Bill.; and Lord Amberley withdrew it. The remaining clauses of the-Sale of Land by Auction Bill were considered and agreed to in Committee. In Committee of Supply, a considerable number of votes was agreed to, completing. Classes Nos. 2. and 3 of the Civil Service Estimates* Some other business was disposed of, and the House adjourned at 20-minutes past L o'clock.
IMPERIAL PAELIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS—MAY 17. The House of Lords sat for a short time, but beyond some remarks from Lord Lifto-d in support of a pe tition praying that the capital sentence passed upon the Fenian convicts might not be carded into execution, the pro- ceedings were merely formal.
HORRIBLE CRUELTY BY BUTCHERS.—At Liverpool, on Saturday last, two men named Henry Johnson and Robert Turner; were charged with having cruelly ill- treated a calf. Police-constable Turst said that on the previous day he was on duty in Scotland-road, when his attention was called to. the moaning of a. calf in a butcher's yard. On going into the yard, he saw. a calf about two or three days old lying on its side, with Tur- ner holding a wound on the neck. Johnson was hold- ing the calf by the tail. The tail was doubled hard up. AVitness said, Why are you ill-treating the calf ?" One of the men said that was not ill-treating, and if witness would only wait a while they would show him that they would do the same to two other calves. The excuse they gave for using the calf in the manner, described was that it was to whiten the veal. The eyes of the calf were rolling and almost starting out. of their sockets. The men said they would not slaughter the calf until Monday. It was stated to be the custom to bleed them day after- day until they fall down, then they leave them until they get a little better, and then they bleed, them again. The cagawis adjourned- CONCENTRATED MILK,—A new and curious article of food is now making its appearance in the shops. It is concentrated milk, which is being manufactured on, a large scale at Cham, near Zug, in Switzerland. Accord- ing to Baron Liebig, its nutritive qualities are excellent. To a certain quantity of pure milk a dose of sugar is added, and the watery particlcs contained in the liquid are extracted by spontaneous evaporation in vacuo. In this way the milk gets thick, and acquires the consistency of honey it is poured into tin boxes, which are after- wards hermetically closed, so that the contents will keep for an almost indefinite period. By dissolving a portion of this substance in water a cup of pure milk may be had at a moment's iiotice.-Galignaiii. THE LATE MR. GIBSON.-A moiiument is soon to be erected to the late Mr. Gibson, in the Protestant Cemete-ry in Rome, the sculpture to be a simple profile head, executed by the late Mr. Spence (Gibson's most successful pupil); the epitaph, written at the request of the principal executor to the deceased, Mr. Henry Wil- liams, by Lord Lytton, who has treated this theme with such feeling and appropriate expression as might be expected. The sum of £ 50 was all the great sculptor leit for his own monument, desiring it should not be exceeded. PROPOSED MONUMENT TO Bistiop BEVERIDGE.—It is proposed to erect a handsome throne in the Cathedral Chuivh of St. Asaph in memory of Dr. Beveridge, who died Bishop of St. Asaph in March, 1807-8, leaving, ac- cording to Brown Willis, the main part of his estate to the Societies for the Propagation of the Gospel, and Promoting Christian Knowledge." The throne will be designed by Mr. G. G. Scott, ItA., at an estimated cost of £ 300. TIIE CHAMP DE MARS.—The park of the Champ de Mars now contains ten equestrian statues of sovereigns, amongst which are those of Charlemange, Philippe Augustus, Leopold I., King of the Belgians, the King of Prussia, the Emperor of Austria, and the Ki..g of Bavaria. ESSEX AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.-Ilaviiig obtained :he necessary authority from the Privy Council, this society has decided on having a cattle show. Mr. Du Cane, M.P., writes to the committee The recent outbreak at Limehouse. which is close on the borders of iSsscx, will prevent any cattle being sent to Braintree or exhibition forii any place in Essex which is within 20 miles o' Limehouse, and the effect of this must be o exclude a considerable extent of the metropolitan -tid of the couuty from the exhibition. I am sorry for his restriction myself, as I consider it would have been amply sufficient .'or the county to have been free of cattle plague for four months preceding the exhibition 'nit I was assured by Dr. Williams that the Privv Council had attached great importance to this crndi- ion, and that there was chance of their being induced i.o a'.ier it."
1 FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. The Marquis de Mousrier made the following coni- munication on the 13th iust, to the Legislative-Body :— "Gentlemen,—The London Coofercn e has termi- nated its labours, having signed, on the 11th inst., a treaty determining in a decisive manner the interna- tional position of the Duchy of Luxemburg. The French Government had for some time past been p'coceupied by the undecided state in which this question, so important for the security of our frontiers, remained. Whether this security was assured bv the union of the duchy to France, or by any other combi- nation, the chief point for us was that Prussia, in the new position v. Inch she had acquired by the last Euro- pean changes, should not retain beyond her boundaries, and outside all international right, a military establish- ment which towards us constituted an eminently offensive position. We were warranted in HOPING that ouV friendly relations with the Cabinet of Berlin would prepare the way for a favourable solution, for our inten- tion has always been to spare Prussia's just susceptibi- lities, and to bring to the question, which had an Euro- pean character, an honest examination of treaties and of the interests of the Great Powers. We hastened to re- move all cause for conflict by a Oelii-atiou in confor- mity With the above sentiments. The Powers opened the preparatory negotiations, in which we avoided taking any part, from a just feeling of reserve and moderation. To all questions we re- plied that we would accept any .solution compatible with our security and our dignity, and which the Cabinets might recommend for our adoption as calculated to con- solidate European pence. We cannot too loudly pro- claim how much the Powers have displayed a spirit of impartiality, and a sincere desire to ariive at an equit- able and honourable arrangement. After the ratifications have been exchanged the Government will promulgate the text of the treaty, of which the following are the principal stipulatiuns ;-Th,; preamble states that the King of Holland, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, taking into consideration the change in the situation of the duchy resulting from the dissolution of the ties which bound it to the old Germanic Confedera- tion, invited the Sovereigns of Austria, Belgium, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia to assemble their representatives at London in order to concert with the Plenipotentiaries of the King-Grand Duke engagements for the future with a view to the maintenance of peace. The Sovereigns having accepted this invitation, resolved to respond to the desire of the King of Italy to partici- pate in deliberations destined to assure the maintenance of the general tranquillity. "The Duke declared that he maintained the con- nexion of the duchy with the House of Nassau. This declaration was accepted, and note taken of it. The duchy was declared neutral under the sanction and col- lective guarantee of the signing Powers, with the excep- tion 'of Belgium, wljich is already a neutral Power. It was fur. her agreed that the town of Luxemburg should cease to be fortified. The King-Grand Duke reserved to himself the right of maintaining there sufficient troops for the preservation of order. Prussia declared, con- sequently, that her troops shall receive orders to evacu- ate the place as soon as the ratifications of the treaty arc exchanged. The artillery will begin to be with- drawn, together with the munition of war, shortly. There will then only remain the troops indispensable for the safety and the despatch of the material of war. The Duke of Luxemburg engaged to take mea- sures to convert the fortress into an open town, by such demolition as he shall consider sufficient for the satis- faction of the Powers. The work will commence' after the retreat of the garrison, which will be carried out with due regard to the interests of the inhabitants. The ratifications will be exchanged at latest within four weeks. LI The treaty fully accords with the views of the French Government. It docs away with a state of things established against us in evil times, and which has been maintained for fifty years. It gives to our northern frontier the guarantee of another neutralized State. It secures to the King-Grand Duke complete independence, and it not only re- moves the causes of an imminent conflict, but gives fresh pledges for the strengthening of good re- lations and for the maintenance of the peace of Europe. The Government has to congratulate itself upon having obtained these results, and to make known how just and friendly are the sentiments of the Powers towards us. The Government thinks it useful to es- pecially point out that for the first time the meeting of a Conference, instead of following a war and csnfining itself to sanctioning its results, has succeeded in antici- pating it and in preserving the benefits of peace. This is a precious indication of the new tendencies-which prevail. in-fche world, and over which the friends of prAD- gl ess and, civilisatiou should rcjoiee." M. Jules Favre asked that the papers on the subject should be communicated, to the House in order that a debate might subsequently take place. M. Houber re- plied that they would only be communicated the ratifications had been exehanged. The works on the fortress of Luxemburg, which have been actively carried on, were stopped on the 14th inst.R and the workmen dismissed.. The King of Prussia signed, on the 17th inst.R the treaty agreed to by the London Conference for the settlement of the future position of Luxemburg. The Emperor signed, on the 13th inst., the tieaty negotiated at the London Conference. 'I lie Patrie states that the Luxemburg Customs' quest-ion, which has bees- left open by the Conference, will be discussed by a special commissioner. It will t be settled until after the expiration of the present treaty beween Luxemburg, and the- Zollverein, whioh. will shortly expire. The Monitcur du Seir. says — The result of the London Conference has been TRAIL received, both in France and abroad. It is permitted to hops: that nothing will interfere with the Exhibition', the success of which is-increasing, and which attracts an extraordinary number of crowned beads to Paris. The fortunate issue of the Conference has strengthened the position of the English Ministry. All acknow- ledge the great ability of Lord Stanley, who presided at the deliberations of the Plenipotentiaries. His en- lightened and impartial attitude was in keeping with the dignity and interest of England. A real solidarity unites the subjects cf the Emperor with those of Queen Victoria. Since the Treaty of Commerce, in 1860, no nation profits more than Eng- land by a guarantee which strengthens the peace of. the Continent." The Emperor lias-decided that all non-commissiar.ed officers and soldiers belonging to. the contingent called out in 1860, and those men who enlisted voluntarily and whose time of service would expire on the 31st of December of this year, shall be immediately allowed to return to their homes. Baron de Malaret, French Minister of Florence, will shortly be appointed Ambassador at Rome. It is said that the Queen of; Spain will visit Paris about the 20th of next month. It is stated that the Commission on the reorgani- sation of the army has not concurred with all the pro- posals of the Government, especially with that for the annual voting of the contingent. The Commission desired that the vote for the contingent should be in the form of a special bill and not a paragraph in the Budget. It also desired to fix the maximum strength of the con- tingent at 800,000 men.. The Government has not accepted these proposals. PRUSSIA. The Provincial Correspondence says:— As the retention of Luxemburg by the. House of Orange-is secured, and the cession of the Grand Duchy has bean abandoned, the chief cause of anxiety to Ger- many has disappeared. The circumstances under which a frieadly agreement has been arrived at between Prussia and France, afford a fresh guarantee that a sincere policy of peace is the mutual and earnest determination of both Powers, This will be confirmed and conse- crated anew by the visit of the King of Prussia and the principal European sovereigns to the Emperor of the French." AUSTRIA. Baron von Beust has invited the diplomatie body to he present at the Emperor's approaching coronation at Pesth, as King of Hungary. The invitation has been accepted by all. The Ministry of Police has been abolished. An Imperial decree has been published appointing Prince Auersperg President of the Upper House, and Dr. Giskras to the same post in the Lower House of the Reichsrath. HUNGARY. The Ministers, Count Andrassy and M. Horvath, have been re-elected by their respective constituents. The Lower House of the Hungaiian Diet, on the 17th inst.. the Ministry brought in six bills. The first regulates common affairs in accordance with the report of the committee of 1867. The five other bills abolish the laws of 1848 relating to the post of Count Palatine, the I appointment of the members of the Cabinet by the Presi- dent of the Ministry, the National Guard, the indissolu- bility of the Diet prior to the passing of the budget, and the incorporation of the military frontier province. In accordance with these bills, the election of Count Palatine is to be postponed until the duties of his office are defined. The Ministers are not to be appointed by the President of the Ministry, but by the King. The law relating to the National Guard is to be in abeyance until J the establishment of the new military system. The Diet may be dissolved without passing the budget, but in such case it must be re-convoked the same year, and the military frontier is not to be incorporated so long as j it retains its military organization. The SEPTEII'V Patent of 185'9, abolishing the rtli- ,c.oi.i.1!A.>o; gious independence of tlie TVotestants, has be?n with* drawn. flerr Hazman..v'l-o for some years past has been a, refugee in New York, has been elected burgomaster of Pesth. b The Servian and Roumanian deputies demand that the nationality question snail be decided prior to the coronation. The Imperial rescript sanct oning the resolution of the Croatian Diet respecting the immunity of the de- puties from arrest was read in the Croatian Diet on the 18th inst. ITALY. The elections at Andrea have resulted in the return of Signor Ferrara. the Minister of Finance. On the loth i"st. Signor Ferrara. the Minis'er of Finance, brought in the Ecclesiastical Property Bill. He stated that 6UO millions wil be levied for the use of the State on the ecch-si .<stical property. This amount will be made up partly by the public rentes in- scribed in the Great Book aud appropriated to the De- partment of Public Worship, and twelve million lire from the ecclesiasticul -establishments. The remainder will be obtained by an extraordinary tax on the eccle- siastical properly in the proportion of twenty-five per cent. of the capital. The payment of the extraordinary tax will be in eight half-yearly instalments, the first commencing January 1. 1867. The amount re- maining. after deduction of the extraordinary tax, will be applied to ecclesiastical pensions, and to defray the expenses of public worship. The financial operations sa, etioned by this law will be contracted to a commer- cial company, which will receive a maximum commis- sion of three per cent. THE PAPAL STATES. Fifty brigands have voluntarity given themselves up as prisoners to the Roman authorities. Two were shot. Numerous troops have becii sent to destroy the bands who infest the whole of the territory of Corneto, and energetic measures are being taken against them. RUSSIA. The betrothal of the King of the Greeks with the Grand Duchess Constantinovna is announced. The King of the Greeks has been appointed Colonel of the 1st Newski Infantry Regiment. It is stated that his Majesty has received a despatch from Atliens announcing that Omar Pasha, after a three days' battle, had been beaten by the Cretan insurgents. The Czarewitch and the Grand Duchess Fcdorovna left St. Petcrsburgh on the 19th inst., for Copenhagen. The harbour of Cronstcdt is still full of ice. SPAIN. The discussion of the Bill of Indemnity has ter- minated in the Senate. The Government obtained l22 against 64 votes. The Senate has authorised the Government to increase the naval forces of the country if circumstances should require it. SWITZERLAND. The Federal Council has resolved to invite tenders for the second series of the loan to meet the expense of supplying breech-loaders to the Swiss army. The amount required is six million francs, and will bear 4-I per cent. interest. —————— f .1.- TURKEY. The Turkish: Government has prepared for promul- gation the following reforms: The reorganisation of the financial system, the creation of a new Council of State, a reform- of the military schools, the change of all provinces into villaets, the granting, to foreigners the right of land tenure, the improvement of the regulations respecting the Scnure of the Vacouf property, and the reformation of the procedure in the judicial courts.
NOVEL PROSECUTION—AN JNNKFEPEIl ATTEMPTING TO Blllim A MAUlS- TRATE. On Saturday, AFT Bow-street Police-court, George- Edward Gurnev, the keeper of a beer-shop,, the Earl of Cardigan, Marl borough-road, Chelsea, was brought up- in custody of Buck, one of the summoning officers of the court, upon a warrant charging him with having at- tempted to corrupt Robert Tubb.s, Esq- A Middlesex magistrate, and chairman of the bench of magistrates for the Kensington division, in the performance of his duty as such magistrate, by sending him. a sum of £401 to induce him to grant, or assist in obtaining a grant, of a licence under the 9th George IV., chap. 61., for the sale of exciseable liquors. The information on which the warrant had been granted Was as follows :— Robert Tubbs, Esq.—I live at 55, Harlcy-street, in the county of Middlesex, and am one of the magistrates- for the said county, and chairman of the- bench of ma- gistrates for the Kensington division of the coumy. A man of the name of George Edward Gunicy has applied for some years past for a spirit licence for the beer-shop called the Earl of Cardigan, in the Mai'lborough-road, Chelsea, and the grant of such licence has always been, refused by the magistrates. He applied again this year and the day for hearing the applications for. new licences was Tuesday, the 19th Mai eh. 1867. 011 the 1.1th March. I received a letter, of which the following is a copy Hon-oured Sir,—Trusting that you will not fed offended, but pardon the very great liberty, having struggled very hard in my house for eleven years to. maintain my family, and without any complaint from the police; honoured sir, if you will take my case into your very kind consideration, and be my friend at the- coming licensing day, and for which will be ever most gratefully felt by your, very obedient servant, G. E. GURNEY, Earl of Cardigan, Marlborouglh-road, Chelsea. zD The envelope was addressed to me, and marked pri- vate." It appears not to have passed through the post- office, but to have been delivered by a messenger. I opened the letter, and found enclosed in it lank notes to the value of £ 40. I communicated these facts to my brother magistrates, and on the 29th March I wrote to Mr. Secretary Walpole on the subject. On the 10th April I received another letter, by post, of which the following is a copy • April 8th, 18-67. Honoured Sir,—I humbly beg that you will pardon this liberty. The object I have in writing is to ask your honour whether you received my letter and the contents on the 9th March, that I left at your house. Honoured sir, I hope you will pardon this freedom. I am, honoured sis, your very obedient humble servant, GEORGE h. GURNEY, Earl o f Cardigan, Marlborough-road, Chelsea. To Robert Tubbs, Esq." That letter contained an envelops stamped and directed to Mr. Gurney,. Earl of Cardigan, 1,02, Marlborough- road, Chelsea. Mr. Stephen Ellis, inspector of, the R division of police I know the handwriting of George Edward Gurney, who was formerly a constable of the R division of police. The two letters. (produced") are in his handwriting. Mr. Poland, the barrister, instructed by the solicitors to the Treasury, conducted the prosecution. He stated the facts- as set forth in the above information, and suggested, that the object of enclosing a stamped directed- envelope in the seeond letter was this. Mr. Tubbs might actum the £ 40, as the license had not been granted. The licensing magistrates could not deal with the case- as one of contempt of court, which would be the course to be taken by a Court of Record. They had, therefore, thought it nccessary to bring the case before this Court, that people should see that such attempts to corrupt the bench could not be passed over with, im- punity. The information was then read over, and the prisoner identified by Inspector Ellis. Buck, the warrant officer, stated that he apprehended the prisoner this (Saturday) afternoon at the Earl of Cardigan's. Upon hearing the charge, the prisoner said—"Yes. I took the letter myself containing the money and left it, and I did not think I was doing any thing wrong." The prisoner, who declined to say anything,, was re- manded for further examination.
j RARE BiitDs.-The Australian mail steamer Tanjore, which has just arrived, brought home a number of rare birds from Punjaub, for the Acelimitization society, consisting of partridges, ducks, and specimens of the heron tribe. Some of the partridges have scarlet bills, and are beautifully marked. Some red pheasants died on the passage. About. 100 birds died n the Bay of Bengal and in the IED Sea. The value of the entire collection shipped at Calcutta was about £ 500. Most of the birds before they died went blind. THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH.—When the Duke of Edinburgh again assumes the command of the Galatea, be will start upon a cruise wnich is expected to be of three years' duration. His voyage will comprise a survey of the whole CDast of the great continent of Hindostan, from Kurrachee to the mouth of the Hooghley. including stoppages at those ports whence the principal objects of interest in that land may be visited. The Galatea will thence proceed to Australia, in order to allow her Royal Commander the opportunity of making himself somewhat acquainted with the seas as well as the shores of that region. Finally, she will take the islands of New Zealand in her way home, making a miise of some months off those coasts. take the islands of New Zealand in her way home, making a miise of some months off those coasts. SUNDAY EXCURSJONS.-lt is rumcured that the object [ of tho recent deputation from several towns in Kent to the South Eastern and London and Chatham Railway I Companies, to cease running excursions on Sundays, is likely to be successful.—jjowr JSews. ,;¿'l
,«.¡, :A.IlJ: ( I WTiein is a shower li.e a piece of leather ?—When hs a 5riv.iuo--rai ii. WANTED .TO KNOW.—If a flat refusal was ever given in a nai ural tone ? < People who travel into cannibal countries are apt to be 'urne 1 into In 'i 1.1 me il. Why r?oos gold rcsnnble bitter beer -Because iff is frefuently coutainod in ou ir z. In what is the wife of a smoker often seen it ho-iie ?—In a wreath of smol(e. An Irishman, i,vi li that "Romewas not built in a day," came to the conclusion that it was built at night. A new TIornan Ca'h'dio saMrical na-ner will, it is ly I' B' to be calie 1 the Ouy< F w .<-s, an i will oiu.v up the House J of Parliament once a weeV. An eminent snirif-o• orchant in Dublin announces, in an Irish r>aper, t hat he has still a small nu-intits of the whiV-y o:i hand which was drunk by George IV. when ia Duoiiu. Kansas was once what answer he should mako if the demanded his arms. "1 v;oul 1 vro^o'-s a o '.nro-nise me i°ure," he said ;i keep the rifie, and give them the contents." A was charge I with fen gallons of whisl-y, though the ^ublican had sent him only an. eight-gallon, leg. said he "di 1 n't mind the monej overcharge so 11 u- H as the strain on the keg." Douglas Tcrrol 1, at an eveni ng narty, was looking at the dancers. Soei" £ a very fali gentleman waltzing with an extremely short la Ty, he observed to a friend, "Humrili! there's the mile dauciug with the mile- stone." One of the most curious things in New York is when you find yourself i ibie of reading the wor Is e, Nci smoHnsr" on the eiy oars because of the de"se clouds rising from the pipes and cigars of the platform pas- sengers. It is related of two old Scotch ministers that the one as1, e 1 the other if he was not sorely tempted at; times to go (lshin<j on the Sunday afternoon. "Oh, moil," reniie 1 his fellow labourer, I'm never tempted lang; I just gang." A gentleman mentioned to Archbishop Whatelj that he had been caught in the rain, and he was wet; through. "Are you really wet throLiTh ?" said the archbishon, "I was never wet through in my lifev never furfher than my skin. When Moore was getting his portrait painted bjf Newton, Sy lrey Smilh, who accompanieri the poet, said to the artist, "Couldn't you contrive to throW" into his face somewhat of a stronger expression of hostility to the Church Establishment?" A PosFit.-As a Scotch schoolmaster was employed in his delightful task of teaching a sharp urchin to cipher on the slate, the precocious punil put the fol- lowing question to his instructor: "Whaur diz a" the figures gang till when they're rubbed out?" ELOQUENT.—A Yankee orator, warming with his subject, exclaimed, "I guess there ain't a man, woman, or chil 1 in the house, who has arrived at; the age of fifty years, but what has felt this truth thundering through their minds for centuries." WHAT IS IT?—As the steeple- of a church was being painted "recently, the attention of a little girl was attracted by the scaffolding put about it. She appeared nnablo to comprehend it; but, finally, after a moment's reflection, said, "It is a crinoline." EYES AND LAJIPS.—A shoemaker with one eye com- plained that one of his lamps did not burn. One of his shop-mates who was a genuine son of the Emerald Isle, with astonishment exclaimed, "Faith, and what do you want of two lamps ? Ye haven't but one eye;. MUGGY JOKE..—"I will trouble you for a mug of ale," said a gentleman last evening, to a barman,— "I can furnish you with the ale, but you must furnish your own mug," replied the barman—and our infor- mant remarked, "A confounded ugly mug it was too. DISTANT RELATION—-In a French court, the cuarga was that the prisoner had appropriated his brother's share in an estate.—"But, Mr. President, my brother was in C-,ilifonia. What has that to do with it?" —" Mofoi !I was perfectly justified in regarding him as a distant relative." CUTTING.—A young lady, possessing more vanify than personal charms, remarked, in a jesting tone, but with, an earnest glance, that site travelled on her good looks." A rejected lover being present, re- marked, be "could now account for the young lady's never having been found far from home." A New York police-officer, seeing a nigger whom he knew, exclaimed, "Ah, Sambo, you are an honest, faithful fellow. I will give you a drink."—"Wid all my heart, sar," said Sambo; "wid all dis child's heart. Some niggers are hauty and proid, and won't stoop to drink wid a police-officer, but dat's wrong. I tink a police officer most, if not ebery way, as good as a nigger.—'specially when dat nigger's dry." An extremely verdant agricultural labourer having scraped together ten pounds, took it to his employer, with a request that he would take charge of it for him. A year after the labourer went to another friend to know what would be the interest on it. He was told ten shillings. "Well," said he, "I wish you would lend me ten shillings for a day,or two. My master has been keeping ten pounds for me a year, and I want to pay him the interest for it." A friend, dining with Dr. Maginn, was compliment- ing him on the fine flavour of his wine and begged to be informed of the merchant's name. J' "Oh, I get ifc from a house close by, just as, I happen to want it," replied the hostv the London Tavern." "Indeed," said the other—"a capital cellar, unquestionably. But have you not to pay rat her an extravagant price for it?"—"I don't know—I don't know," replied the doc- tor; "I believe they put down something in a book!" VERY INQUISITIVE.—An i nquisitive fellow, devoid of delicacy, and reckless of rebuff, once questioned Alexandre Dumas rather closely about his genealogy. "You are a Quadroon, Mr. Dumas ?" said he. "I am," replied Dumas, wise enough not to be ashamed of a descent he could not conceal. "And your father r" Was a mulatto."—"And your grandfather?"— —"A negro," said Dumas, his patience nearly gonet But the fellow held on. "And your great grand- father An ape, sir!" thundered Dumas; "au ape, sir My pedigree commences where your own terminates-" A gentleman of Trinity College, Dublin, had wri ten a poem of very considerable merit, which he had called, "The Disembodied." The poem was, however, so full of metaphysical points, and had such a me.. taphysical tendency, that it was not generally ap- preciated, and hence the circulation was somewhat limited. Observing the dullness of the sale of the work, a friend of the author came to him, and said, "I see your poem has not so large a circulation as iti deserves; don't you think you might with change the title, "The Disembodied," and call it "The Unsold?" A person in Paris notictmg. a poor man with ai wooden leg walking past his hotel, gave him a franc. The next day he saw the supposed beggar, bu.t he had changed the wooden leg from the right to the left. Enraged at the deception, he went up to the man, and exclaimed "You rascal, you had the wooden leg on the other side yesterday! You are not lame at Monsieur," was the response with dignity, "I never said I was. I wear a wooden leg for economy, go, as not to wear out my trousers, and I change the leg so as to prevent one leg of the trousers wearing out before the other. A SMART RETORT. The following, anecdote used to be related by the late William HazlittHe was once visiting Mr. and Mrs. Basil Montague, when Sir An- thony Carlisle came in, apparently in a state of more than his usual self -complacency, having just received a complimentary testimonial from Apothecaries" HalI. In answer to the inquiries of Mrs. Montague, he said, very pompously, and somewhat profanely, Madam, the glorious Company of the Apothecaries praise me I" -"But," then retorted Mrs. Montague, "what say the noble army of martyrs, your patients, Sir Anthony 1" Sir Anthony was so nonplussed by this witty rejoinder that he somewhat suddenly took his leavee The absurd things that are sometimes written about England in Paris newspapers are almost in- credible. In one of the journals the other day, Le Pays, for example, we read that in England, medical men get their diplomas from bishops: that a man must have an income of LJ,500 to be qualified for Parliament; that there is no one in the Church of less than 2400 a year, and that burial fees are propor- tionate to the fortune left by the deceased; that the judges are frequently drunk when engaged in the administration of justice; that law forms are so com- plicated that the co-operation of no fewer than 150 judges and other legal dignitaries is necessary for the condemnation of a vagabond, and that the expense of such condemnation is never less than R2,400: that the press is free, a vexatious action to extort money front the press cannot be brought, but that any observation on the Royal Family causes the immediate cotdoiu- nation to death of a newspaper, &c., &C.,
The International Land Credit Company have del clared a dividend of four er cent. The Council of the Society OF Arts announce tnai a conversazione will 1" HCVI it the South § Museum on the eye, ■ vI "luii'sduy, ..t 4 Ii. U: