Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

14 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

it, ®cgics. .


it, THE whole truth with regard to Ireland was put with great force and conciseness by Mr. Roebuck. There is misery in Ireland which bad legislation has not caused, and the best legislation could not cure. What miseries do not arise from economical conditions not to be alleviated by any legislation under which the Irishman suffers are of his own creating. He has all the liberties which Englishmen enjoy. If he cannot or will not use these liberties-if he is constantly crying for Govern- ment to do everything for him, and yet constantly de- nouncing Government when it does anything-that is a fault of his own which time may cure, but further legis- lation cannot. Ireland listens too credulously to the stories of Radical politicians, who tell her that all her misfortunes are of England's making, and who, to pro- mote their own political ends, are ready to drag their country through an always renewing series of disap- pointments and disasters. Any Irishman who knows what has been effected during the last forty years c an- not forget that if something remains to be done in the Way of legislation for his country, as it is nothing to what has been achieved by this generation. In a single session the questions of the Irish Church and of the tenure of land might be settled to the satisfaction of all reasonable men, and there is Ro reason that the task should not be attempted as soon as the passing of the Reform Bill clears the way for the long arrears of practical legislation. When this is done we shall be the better able to despise the plots of traitors at home or the threats of enemies abroad. But as the swell lasts for days after the tempest, so the tumult of the popular mind remains long after its causes have passed away. The discontent of Ireland at present is very much of a tradition, and we English of 1867 are expiating the tyranny of the Hanoverian reigns, if not of William and of CroTTr.v So it may be that even this century may close k o the last enemy of the Saxon ceases to rail at an ali, Government; but as soon as all reasonable causes of complaint have been removed, even hereditary discontent will be harmless. The sympathy naturally extended to a brave man Struggling with misfortune is reviving in some quar- ters a line of comment jonly explicable by the forget- fulness of its authors. The Emperor Maximilian having failed, as all who were capable of taking a calm view of the facts three years ago foresaw and predicted he would fail, an attempt is made to make some one responsible for that result. Sometimes the American Government and sometimes the French peopled are blamed. It is quite forgotten that the Empire was broken down by its own weight. The published despatches of M. Drouyn de Lhuys prove this. The French army did all that an army could do. It conquered and held its conquests. But Maximilian could not establish his government. He plunged enormously into debt, exhausted his credit, and was at last obliged to call the general of the French army to advance money to him out of the military chest. 1 c French people bore with marvellous pa'ieucc the Mexican drain upon their resources but at last the Emperor was compelled to acknowledge that it would be wrong to call upon them to make further sacrifices for the sake of the Mexican Empire. The American Government, which had from the first warned that of France that it could not establish a European Prince on the throne of Mexico, at the same time interfered, but merely to secure that result to which the public opinion of France was pointing. Maximilian was only adding the horrors of foreign war to those of intestine anarchy, and he had introduced the barbarous practice of shooting in cold blood prisoners taken in regular war No responsibility is incurred by putting an end to his interference in the affairs of a country which he migut afflict with new curses, but which he was powerless to benefit. As far as the prospect of a re-establishment of peace and good government are concerned. Mexico remains pretty nearly where it was before the French expedition. The causes of its disorders lie too deep to be removed by the sword of conquest, and will pro- bably last until the time has come for the introduction of a new population of a nobler race than that which now engrosses a country it is unable to develop, and which seems incapable of founding any stable order of society. The Duke of Cambridge, in forwarding to the Minister of War the report of Major-General M'Cleverty of the volunteer review at Dover, says he is most happy to express his fullest concurrence in the favourable remarks which that officer has made. I was much struck," says his Royal Highness, by the great improvement which I observed during tne marching past of the force, in many of the minor details of organization, and the admirable regularity with which every corps passed the saluting point was worthy of the highest approbation. The regularity with which the different corps were brought down by the railroad companies reflects the greatest credit on the staff of those companies, and the general arrange- ments made by Colonel Erskine and his assistant in- spectors for collecting so large a body of volunteers from such long distances, and ensuring their arrival at the appointed time and place, deserves my warmest commendation. The co-operation of her Majesty's navy, under Captain Commerel, added greatly to the effect of the day's proceedings, and I heartily join with the Major-General in his request that the Lords Com- missioners of the Admiralty may be informed of the gratification experienced, both by the army and by the body of volunteers on the ground, at the presence of a portion of the fleet." Whilst speaking on the Irish Habeas Corpus Sus- pension Act, Mr. Bernal Osborne described a few of the trite formulae by which successive governments prescribe for the condition of Ireland. He said that the Irish Chief Secretary always brings in a bill for the preservation of salmon, of which twenty have been brought in a Peace Preservation Act, of which twenty- six have been brought in; followed by a Landlord and Tenant Bill, of which thirty-four have been brought in. And then the chief law officer of the Crown for Ireland distinguishes himself by defending the Irish Church, and gets made Lord Chief Justice, benefiting nobody but himself in his efforts to benefit his country. These remedial measures, according to Mr. Osborne, always produce the same effect-a suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act.

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--__----------ATHENE A.

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