Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

11 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. EVERYTHING abroad or connected with foreign affairs has, as far as England is concerned, been a blank. Nothing has been said or done to disturb the general desire for peace which predominates amongst the Western nations; still the feeling lingers that France on the one hand, and Prussia on the other, are desirous of contesting their right to supreme rule on the Con- tinent. As far as England is concerned, there are no signs of disagreement with other nations; all the old feuds are forgotten, and there never was a time when Great Britain had more amicable relations with the whole world than the present. At the same time, we are adopting the principle given to us by the late hero of Waterloo-the Duke of Wellington—that the best preservative of peace is to be prepared for war hence our army and navy are kept up to the highest standard, and every improvement in warfare is being introduced at a mighty expense to the nation, as the recent estimates passed in the House of Commons will prove. A CURIOUS circumstance has just transpired in re- ference to the report of speeches in the American Con- gress. It has been a settled rule that members who have prepared speeches which they have had no opportu nity of delivering, should publish the same in the Govern- ment organ, the Congressional GZJóe. Now, during the late Session, and on the same day, two members published exactly the same speech, and the inference is that each member had his speech prepared by the same writer, and that one of them, not having paid promptly the author, sold his speech to the other. This has opened a discussion amongst the legal authorities of America as to whether any speeches should be allowed to be printed as proceeding from Congress unless taken down from the lips of the speaker. It has been said that in former periods when the English law did not permit the press to be present, speeches were prepared and printed that were never uttered in our houses of Parliament; and it is a well-known fact that the great Doctor Johnson took credit to himself for having pre- o pared and handed to the press the speeches of the greatest diplomatists of his day, which were falsely understood to have been uttered by this or that states- man. Since his time, however, a free press has stepped in, and the speeches of every individual member are recorded as uttered. WE are sorry to hear that cholera is making rapid strides in Russia. In Warsaw, as many as 300 cases a day are reported to have occurred in a population of 300,000. From the 2nd of June up to the last week in July, 4,000 persons had been attacked, and one half that number had died from the epidemic. The terrible disease found a Royal victim at Rome in the person of Queen Maria Therese of Naples, who died on the 9th of August. Her Majesty was the daughter of the Arch- duke Charles, the celebrated leader of the Austrian army during the wars of the French revolution and of Buonaparte. She married Ferdinand II. of Naples, in 1859, but continued to reside with her step- son, until the ex-king was displaced by Garibaldi. From the north this scourge proceeded on former occasions until it reached our shores, and it behoves our sanitary commissioners to see that filth and squalor do uul make an abiding place in England. WE are glad to see that the Trades' Unions of London have lost no time in censuring the Sheffield Sawgrinders Society, for re-admitting the notorious Broadhead into their union. At a recent meeting of the Amalgamated Trades' Union it was resolved, "That this council, having heard of Broadhead's re-admission into the Saw- grinders' Society, feels bound to express its surprise and indignation at such a gross insult being offered to the public generally and to the trade societies especially; and to declare that the societies in the metropolis can hold no further correspondence with that society while Broadhead remains a member of it." The Amalgamated Engineers', Amalgamated Carpenters', Cordwainers', Plas. terers', Zincworkers', and other societies were repre- sented at the meeting which passed this resolution. An attempt to establish a branch of the South Yorkshire Miners' Union at Staveley and other parts of Derbyshire has met with a signal defeat. The employers of labour in that district pledged themselves not to employ a single man who attached himself to the association, and the result has been that the union is almost stamped out. A CONFERENCE of the master tailors of Scotland has been held in Edinburgh, at which meeting it was resolved to form a Master Tailors' Association, to adopt a more correct time statement than that which has been in use hitherto, and to secure, if possible, a better supply of labour. One speaker showed the advantage of meeting working people on the free principle, as it enabled the men to give each other their moral support. The im portance of employing women more extensively, and of training apprentices more thoroughly was also urged with effect, and will doubtless be recognised by the Scotch employers. REFORM has been the great topic of interest CV1:1 since August set in. The new bill for the Representa- tion of the People has at length passed-the novel prin- ciple of representatives for minorities being alone of all the Lords' amendments acceded to. It is supposed that Parliament will be prorogued on the 20th of August, this being the longest Session which has occurred for some time. It will be well to remind our friends, however, that the new Reform Bill will not come into operation until 1869 but it behoves every one who can exercise the franchise to get his name on the register in July, 1868, so that he may be legally qualified to vote in the ensuing year. A RETURN just issued by the Poor-law Board exhibits a comparison between the rate of pauperism during the month of June in this and last year, and we regret to find that in every county there has been an increased number of paupers in receipt of relief. In the metropolis the increase has been as great as 25 per cent., while it has reached as high as 8 per cent. in some of the counties. In the first week of June there were in England and Wales receiving relief 913,701 in-door and out-door paupers, against 860,701 in 1866; in the second week 906,744, compared with 854,462 last year; third week, 903,733, against 849,362 in 1866; and in the fourth week, 900,156, compared with 848,873 last year. There is no doubt that very much of this increased pauperism may be attributed to H strikes." The Trades' Union man suffers slightly in comparison with others who belong to no society. For instance, if the bricklayers are on strike, there is nothing for the hodmen to do and they form a very large body of working men. It is the same with carpenters and other trades, the subordinate is thrown out ef employment because those above him will not work, and the consequence is pauperism. The trades' unions should take into their consideration the manu- factures which used to be confined to England, and are now going on abroad because capitalists have no faith in British labour.




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