Bishop of Swansea's Will. The Right Rev. Dr. John Lloyd, Bishop of Swansea, of Cantref Rectory, Brecon, who died on Jane lOb last, aged 68 years, left un. settled property of the gross value of £ 3,958, wijfch net personalty £ 3,737. Probate of bis will, dated May 1st, 1905, has been granted to his widow, Mrs Harriet Susan Lloyd. The testator left all bis property to his wife, but requested her to give £100 and his personal effeotB to his son Charles Geoffrey, and to each of his tbree Onnghterg,. Constance, Meva, and Olwen, Y.1,000, either on the marriage of such daughter or on his wife's re marriage should ahe marry again.
n — OUR ADVERSE TRADE BALANCE. THE NEED FOR A TARIFF. One of the most pressing questions to be with by the Chancellor of the ^chequer when he comes to make his ^udget statement next month is how the couutry is to meet the enormous liabilities CaUsed by its large excess of imports over Sports. It is estimated that our net Imports at the present time are at the rate of about f,900,000,000 per annum. To this Inust be added loans to our Allies and dominions amounting to about £200,000,000, eo that we have to find the money for 8°me Y,1,100,000,000 in addition to the e*pense involved in providing for the pay and equipment of our forces. As our ex- POrts, at the present rate, only reach about ^400,000,000 per annum, and our "invisible exports," in the form of interest and services, lbay be expected to produce perhaps pother S350,000,000, it is clear that our sports exceed our exports by at least £ 350,000,000 a year, and probably much tnore. How is this deficiency to be made Up ? INADEQUATE SCHEMES. Various methods ot restoring the balance of trade have been suggested. One is the aale of foreign securities. But it is obvious that there is a limit beyond which this can- not go without causing the depletion of our national capital and the impoverishment of our resources. Moreover, in' the present state of the market, it would be difficult to Valise any large amount of securities except Qt a loss and, at the best, the amount pro- duced would be totally inadequate for the Purpose required. Another suggestion is that we should negotiate loans in foreign Countries. The United States is the only Country in which such a loan might con Ceivably be successfully placed, but we Question very much whether Americans who are in the habit of investing their capital at a higher rate of interest would feel inclined Hi to lend it out at 4* or 5 per cent. We have, Of course, considerable gold reserves, which in the last resort, could be exported. But to export gold in any considerable quantity would be a most unwise and impolitic course,"as it would diminish the security upon which our national credit is based. ■ THE OBJECT OF A TARIFF. ■ Our leaders are preaching economy as a ■ means of diminishing imports and thus F helping to restore the balance of trade. Regarding this we hav3 two observations to make. In the first place economy should be National rather than individual. When the manner of practising economy is left to the Qoaided judgment of each member of the Community it often entirely fails in its object. But a system of national economy based upon the control of imports by the State can be so directed by the Government as to produce the maximum of beneficial results. In the second place, control of Imports can only be secured by the of tariff dutiee upon a wide range 'Of imported articles. This is a fundamental truth which is now acknowledged even by the most orthodox Free Traders, and the of tariff advocated by some of them 'ltould certainly limit imports, with other ^sequences not so desirable. They 'ltould put a flat rate of five or ten per cent. -o everything that comes into this country Without exception. Such a tariff might, lQdeed, reduce imports, but it would Piously injure many British industries, such 4 cotton and wool, would severely handicap "Our manufacturers in the markets of the ^orld. The object of a tariff, it seems to Us, ought to be, not so much to limit the volume of imports as to control their character and to increase exports of British goods. This implies a discrimiuating or Scientific tariff. Certain articles of luxury, sUch as motor-cars, might well be heavily taxed, not only because imports would be i thus reduced, but also because the British E. tootor-car trade, both home and export, EL "auld be encouraged. There are two ways it of reducing our adverse trade balance, viz., by reducing imports and by increasing Sports. Both may be necessary, but Blirely, in the interests of British industry and commerce, the latter is the chief one to ve aimed at. Both objects could be 'I Achieved by the same means, for the same tariff which would control our imports could so constructed as to encourage and Increase our exports. DISCARDED DOCTRINE. Hitherto we have been told by a certain school of political economists that we need ^ke no thought for our exports. Their theory has been that all imports must be paid for by exports, and that, if we only °ok after our imports, and buy as mueh as "1e can from foreign countries, our exports \\>iU look after themselves. To this theory, may well apply Mr Asquith's mis- ^cription of Imperial Preference, as "one f the greatest and most disastrous political lXnPOstures of modern times." Happily, we are now celebrating the obsequies" of the Economic system based upon this theory, for It has completely broken down under the of adverse conditions. It has been pscarded by its chief apostles, and is no °Qger a living force in politics. Men of all Pities are now agreed that a revision and ^oadening of our tariff system is necessary inevitable, and that it is only by such 174ealas that the present disparity between our imports and exports can be effectively pd substantially reduced. The country °°ks to the Coalition Government to carry OUt this great and urgent reform.
Rheumatism and Kidney Trouble. FREE TREATMENT. th ■ taor>atism is due to uric acid crystals in ? joicjtB and muscles, tbe result of exaeSBive t &eiu in the system thai tbe kidneys failed '^ttsove as nature iefcended, and this acid is 8 ?8l'y the cause of backache, lumbago, ^l»ca, t>onfc, urinary trouble, stone, gravel, ^dropsy. tr 06 success cf Eitora Tablets, for the! atw-rit of rheumatism and other forms of .'t y doable, i3 duo to the fact that they 0lo til* kidneys to healthy action and remove the. cause of the trouble, „ -ch nec«fis»r!ly removes the ill-effects that from it, and have cared numberless *eefe° "i:-r *be'fftilar« of other remedies, which for them fast BopeteedinR out-of-date hot lhai Rre at a Prico beyond all *v0 Jho, wealthy aad so often fall short of the hee r'°l claims made that confidenoe bas IJJ1 lost in them. (Jeg °JP'ove Estora Tablets fully warrant their toie ^'OD—an honest remedy at an honest to 6 one fall box Of 40 tablets will be sect of the "Brecon County Times" -Sfl ee sample on receipt of this notice and Stamps to cover postage, packing, etc. Ot » ;d by chemists, 1I1& per box of 40 tablets i h0Xe8 for 6/. Ik- Bam pie address Estora Co., 132, ln8 Cross Road, LondoE, W.C.
CATCH CROPS- Expert Advice to Farmers. [BY MR. DAVID THOMAS, AGRICULTURAL ORGANISER. ] At the present crisis it is usual to approach farmers with arguments for intensive cultiva- tion based upon war economics. All that has been said in that direction carries weight, but it may be added that the conditions of the present season would, apart from any other reason and in normal circumstances, necessitate a consideration of the question of catch-cropping during the coming winter. It would be necessary to go back a good many years to find a reason in which the prospects of winter food for animals have been as weak as during the present year. The hay crops are abnormally late and aftermath will be scarce; the root crops do not bear signs of being heavy corn crops are good but not yet in the barn. It is not proposed in this article to deal with the theory of catch-cropping nor to treat generally of all the crops that may b# utilized in this manner. It will be sufficient for our purpose to consider two or three crops that are suitable for the counties of Brecon and Radnor. Further, it is not intended to advocate a system of catch-cropping on all the stubble available; the harvest time does not allow of that; labour is too scarce; the system itself will be experimental. What I want to suggest is that a farmer should select from one to three acres in a stubble which is intended for root crops next spring and put in that plot a winter crop which can be cleared off in good time next year. He will secure a supply of green food for stock just before the meadows and uplands are ready for grazing; in addition he will have kept the land clean without materially affecting the supply of plant food for the succeeding crop. I shall suggest some three kinds of crops that I consider suitable as catch-crops for these counties individual farmers will know best which particular kind will suit their several holdings. I have calculated the cost of seeds and manures approximately by reference to the catalogues of leading seeds- men it is probable that rye and winter oats especially can be procured locally at 2s. a bushel or so less. The prices are, of course, considerably increased and appear formidable against them I would ask farmers to set the probable price of stock next spring. I have not calculated the cost of labour, since that is a question of convenience if a farmer sets a man with a team of horses to prepare the land for a catch-crop during these misty mornings, the while he is waiting for the dew to rise from the corn, I take it that he is not much out of pocket. The following are the crops that are suitable for these two counties; they may be put in from now until the middle of October 1. Giant Essex rye, or common rye, being a hardy piano, is suitable for high and exposed situations; it would be adapt- able for the highest holdings in these counties. The cultivation is the same as that for ordinary grain crops; the quantity of seed required is four bushels per acre, an item which will cost about 36 shillings; it is important to have thick seeding. 2. A mixture of Giant Essex Rye and vetches is adaptable to better soils and more sheltered districts. The quantity of seed required will be two bushels of each, and it will cost about 42 shillings. 3. Again suitable for better soils, the crop may consist of vetches and winter oats, at the rate of 2! bushels of the former to 1-1 of the latter; the cost of 2 the seed per acre will be about 40 shillings. It is usual to put in 3 cwts. of super-, phosphate per acre in each case, or in peaty and sour soils to substitute basic sjag for it. About the beginning of March 1 cwt. per acre of nitrate of soda should be applied as a top dressing to hasten the growth of the crop-an important factor in obtaining the full benefit from a catch-crop. The total, cost of the manures will be about 22 shillings per acre. Of course, farmyard manure, if it can be applied and ploughed in, should ensure better results than the artificial manures. It is as well to face the fact that the cost of seed and manures is high-considerably higher than either would be in normal times. On the other hand too much emphasis cannot be laid on the amount of green fodder that can be secured in this way. The cost of feeding stuffs has gone up by leaps and bounds, and will probably go up still higher by next spring. Considering that the supply of winter food is not too plentiful and much of it of inferior quality, and that this may have to be resorted to earlier than usual on account of the lack of aftermath, the spring months will be a difficult time to tide over. Llwynon, Builth Wells, Sept. 6, 1915.
Ihe Windsor Magazine. Several important articles on themes from the war are lavishly illustrated from photo graphs and drawings in the September number of the 11 Windsor Magazine. Under the title of "The Equipment of the Forces" W. G. Fitz. Gerald gives an interesting survey of the business aspect of war in the necessary supply of innumerable articles which now have to be made in enormously large quantities tban ever before, and with all possible speed. The ex- tent to which oar industrial ceritres are coping with such demands is shown with many inter- esting facts, and a further article by W. Leigbtoo cifBI more particularly with the effects of the war apon our principal textile industries. Another timely article is an inti- mate study of the career of General Botba by Stephen BLIck, the well-known writer on South African matters. An interesting account of Serbia and the Serbians is contributed by John W. L. Sallivan, who has but lately re- turned from Serbia with varied experiences of hospital and relief work tberp, in which be has been taking an active pyrfc. The artiole is accompanied by a number of good illustrations from recent photographs. Despite tba space given to tbeBe and other important war sub- jects, there is a notable collection of fiction by favourite authors, incladim; a powerful com- plete story by H. de Vere Staepoole, which recalls the tiutsfc work of that well-known author in The Blae Lagoon and the other books which established his reputation. E. F. Benson contributes a complete story of remark. able interest which no one should miss, and there is a fine romantic. tale by Marjorie Bowen. Other complete stories on various themes are contributed by Ralph Stock, Pris. cilla Craven, G. Yillicrs Staart, Theodore Goodridge Roberts, and other authors of dis- tinctiOB.
m Puritan Happy Homes, No. 8. Drawn by Lilian Hocknell. I t Where King Baby Rules, happy himself and bringer of happiness, but so reckless with the nice clean garments-the mischief !-Puritan Soap is an ever-welcome guest. Alike here and in thousands of other happy homes Puritan Soap is welcomed and loved because it is so gentle in use —so tender to the clothes, so pleasant to the hands that use it. Puritan Soap is gentle because it contains olive oil—sweet olive oil of nature's own giving. It is the olive oil in Puritan Soap which saves the clgthes I from wash-day wear and tear, and makes them, like itself, sweet, pure and fragrant. That is why so many housewives say quite truly that Puritan Soap saves its cost every week in the clothes it saves. Will you order Puritan Soap from your grocer, oilman or stores ? It is sold in several sizes: a size for every need. I PURITAN SOAP is used in Britain's happiest homes Made by Chfistr. Thomas & Bros., Ltd., Bristol, Soapmakers since 1745. 0 243 <c- -J4'" u War! War! War! Obtain at once the most interesting and wonderful book published. THE EAGLES AND THE CARCASE. [Fortelling the Doom of the Kaiser—By THETA.] The aim of this publication is to show the sacred origin of the war, its gigantic issues and the glorious destiny of the English-speaking race. It shows that we are now in process of fulfilment of the third of Christ's "Signs" given to His disciples regarding His coming. The first was the destruc- tion of Jerusalem. The second was the appear- ance of false Christs deceiving the Elect. The third was the greatest Tribulation that the world has ever seen or will see. This war surpasses the horrors of the Middle Ages, "the Hell of Dante pales beside that of the Kaiser." This is the gathering of the "Eagles" and the carcase is that of the sick man of Europe, Turkey in the Apocal- yptic vision of the Great Armageddon the three "unclean spirits" the dragon, the beast and the false prophet or teacher, are Austria, Turkey and Germany. In Israel the authoress sees the Anglo- Saxon, the little nation that "should become a thousand and a small one a strong nation." In the prophecy of Isaiah it is seen that when men are in the worst state of blindness Israel would be found, baying been sustained all these years by God, the wealth of the Gentiles pouring into her treasuries, the paths of the sea leading up to her, the colonies bringing in their gold and silver to her in ships from afar, the sons of strangers build- ing up her walls, and the East supplying her with camels and dromedaries. In the prophecy of Esdras the Son is said to be revealed at the time of the great war. Bngland is to possess the "gates of her enemies," the Jews are to return to Palestine under British protectorate. Israel and Ju:lah are to be reunited. Egypt is to be revived, freed from the tyranny of the Turk. The highway between Egypt and Assyria will be Palestine and Israel will make "a third with Egypt and Assyria." The Stone of Jacob is in Westminster, the Ark of the Covenant in Ireland. The day is at hand. Avery luminous interpretation of Scripture prophecy in relation to the great crisis. The above can be obtained of all Newsagents and Booksellers and at Railway Bookstalls or direct from the Publishers, Morgan, Son & Co., Ltd,, 88, Chancery Lane, London, W.C., for 2s 6d nett or three copies 7s, six copies 12s 6d, twelve ccpies 24s carriage paid.
POWDERS I for I HEADACHE,TOOTH ACHE I AND NEURALGIA V ■ Vm QUICKEST and MOST PERTAIN CUKE figfrW A ■ 2*eac?u ¥€> ac ell Chemists & Storm I ■ SCHt> »• ^POST/kCC FOP SAMPLC t g JlMdECAM JONES 4 LLAHCtLY.
HAY RURAL COUNCIL. Voluntary Recruiting Work Declined. Mr E. D. Weaver (chairman) presided at a meeting of Hay Rural Council on Thurs- day. There were present Revs W. E. T. Morgan and W. L, Crichton, Messrs C. Butcher, J. R. Griffiths, J. Jones, W. V. Pugh, W. Jones, James Gunter (clerk), W. L. Ricketts (surveyor), and W. Gunter (sanitary inspector). A letter was read from the Hon. R. C. Devereux asking for voluntary canvassers (who need not be members of the Council) to personally interview all .men of military age, who are registered under the National Registration Act. The Clerk said that as the communication arrived shortly after the last meeting, he consulted the Chairman, and they agreed to send copies of the letter to every member of the Council. He had received replies, and a few Jmembers were willing to carry out the work, but the majority did not think it was a matter in which they should be officially concerned. In two parishes councillors had secured persons to assist them in the work. Another member was prepared to act. The Council, under the circumstances, refused to act. Circulars were read from the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries with reference to the maintenance of Live Stock. The Clerk said that the Inspector had distributed forms to the farmers in the district. Other business was of routine character.
Have you pains after eating? A typical example of the health-giving pro- perties of Mother Seigel's Syrnp is revealed in a letter of May 26th. 1915, from Mr Harry Baynes, George Iuu, Molasb, Cbilam, Canter- bury. About three years ago," he writes, "I suffered from a severe attack of Indigestion, which at times laid me up for days together. Not only had I pains at the chest, but I com- pletely lost my appetiua aod never teemed to want any food. For 25 years I WB." a rural postman in the Faversbam district, aad in the course of my roands beard from many people a good opinion of Mother Seigel's Svrup. I tried it myself. After a few doses I experi- enced great relief from my pains, and by the time I bad taken two bottles my recovery was complete. Mother Seigel's Syrop seemed to put new life into me. It sharpened my appe. tite, and the food I now took set me quite up again."
MEMORIAL CARDS-NEW DESIGNS.—A great variety of New Mourning Cards just received at the County Times Offices, Breoon the perfection of taste, at low prices; I Call and see them.
HAY GUARDIANS. There were present at Hay Board of Guardians meeting, on Thursday, the Rev. W. E. T. Morgan (chairman), Mrs E. C. Crichton, Revs G. Leigh Spencer, G. Hubert Griffith and W. L. Crichton, Messrs T. J. Stokoe, J. R. Griffiths, Wm. Jones, W. V. Pugh, E. D. Weaver, C. Butcher, J. Jones, J. Davies, James Davies, H. Yorath, R. T. Breese, R. T. Griffiths (clerk), and other officials. The Clerk reported that he had examined the officers' accounts, and found them correct. There was a credit balance of £ 236 8s lid in the treasurer's hands. A circular letter was read from the Local Government Board informing the Guardians that elections had been postponed for 12 months, and, in. the event of a vacancy occurring, they were to fill it without an election. A further circular letter from the Local Government Board urged the use of granu- lated sugar, owing to the fact that the supplies of cube sugar from the continent had been cut off. The Clerk stated that granulated sugar was being used at the house. A letter from the same source sanctioned che increase of salary to Nurse Stevens, granted at the previous meeting. The Clerk asked for permission to apply to the Local Government Board for a further postponement of the operation of Act 4 of the Poor Law Institutions Order, relating to children in the Union. He stated that he had had the Board's sanction to retain them in the house to the 29th inst., and, if the children were kept longer than that date, a further application would have to be made. The members acquisced. The Building Committee, which met on August Mtb, recommended that the tender of Mr Edgar Evans, for fixing extra ventilation in the laundry, be accepted at V,13 10s.— Agreed. The Master's report showed that during the past fortnight 69 vagrants were relieved as compared with 111 for the same period last year-a decrease of 42. One person was admitted to the house during the fortnight and one discharged. I
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Soldiers on Leave. To the Editor of the County Times. Sir,—There are hundreds of soldiers now aeonrins a few days )eav-? and many passing through Cardiff have bou a to wait in the city before they can seoure a connecting train up the various valleys. To meet the needs of v these men the Soldiers Rest, only two minutes walk from the G.W,R, station, is now keeping open not only all day, but all night as well. Dur. ing the day it is open for recreation purposes and all through the night when practically all places of refreshment are closed, it is still open, pro- viding the men with oomfortable deck chairs to sleep in, and giving each a cup of tea or coffee with light refreshments free of all cost. Many men arrive in Cardiff too late to catch the trains at the Taff and Rbymney stations and, but for the Rest would have to spend a cheerless night un the platform. The workers are honorary many of the leading citizens and Councillors meeting the trains. Relatives and friends of soldiers would be doing them a service if they would kindly make the work of the Rest known in all the camps- the best way would be to send a copy of this paper with the letter marked. Through the mediom of your widely circu- lated journal I feel many men will be reached. Recently in one night 300 men were entertained. Yours, etc., J. GLENELG GRANT, (HOD Treasurer).
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NEWBRIDGE-ON-WYE. SCHOLASTIC SUCCESSES.—At the receoty con- ducted examinations for L!andrindod Wells and Boiltb County Schools, two of the scholars of the Newbridge-on-Wye Schools gained scholarships. Sarah Ann LéWiR, daughter of Mr and Mrs Lewis, Vadw Farm, gained a free place at Llandrindod Wells, aod Elsie Roberts, daughter of Mr and Mrs Roberts, Gar- den House, Llysdinam, gained a free plaoe at Bailtb. 1: is same year "icos a scholarship has been gained at Newbridge, and these promising pupiis are to be congratulsted upon their achievements in bringing honours to this 1 Wyeside village. A week ago the scholars of this school obtained success in the Diocesan Board ef Education examination, and 14 certfi- cates were gained, and the headmaster was awarded a prize for efficiency in imparting religious instruction. This dual suocess reflects the greatest credit upon the scholars for their hard work, and the headmaster (Mr D. H. Hughes) and his staff are to be highly oompli- mented upon so suooessfully coaching the children.