Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

4 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

THE WAR.

Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

THE WAR. LORD METHUEN'S MOVEMENTS. RUSSIAN OFFICER DIRECTING BOER PREPARATIONS. The Dutch organ Ons Land states that Lord Methuen is build,tig a railway round tLe Boer position at Magersfontein, and that material for the completion and extension of the line is being hurried off to the front. A German doctor who was present in the Boer lines during the fighting ab Magersfontein has arrived here. He states that a Russian military officer is with the Boers advising thpm. He Í'3 paid a salary of £ 15,000 per annum, and has been promised a bonus of £250,000 if the Republics prove successful. The doctor also states that the Boers have now completed Magersfontein three tiers of trenches which are connected by means of communicating trenches. All these trenches afford cover to mounted men, and the Boers are also able to move their big guns from trench to trench under pro tection of the communicating trendies. The l_»or■ li-i return their losses at Magersfontein as 166 killfit and wounded, and at Colenso as 11 killed ti nd 16 wounded. LADYSMITH BEFORE THE ATTACK. The Times correspondent wired as follows from Ladysmith The investment still draws on. We daily hear guns liring at Colenso, but the only tangible result we can discern is a eonsi(lerl1ble .restlessness among the Boers investing this place. They seem desir ous of making some move to hasten the reduction of the garrisou, being doubtless prompted by the massing of troops below the Tugela, and to fee1 that unless they do something more active they will not achieve their object of starving the garrison out. Thus, si use Christmas we have been more heavily bombarded, and the enemy have made two. llight movements, which looks ad if, having started with the best intentions of attacking, their hearts failed them when the breastworks loomed out black before them. This is our interpretation. With glasses one can see the enemy busily employed in building abattis, wire entanglements and trenches at all salient points, being evidently prompted by fear of further sorties. Loyally supported by civilians, the garrison can hold out for a consider- able period We have not come down yet. to half rations. The greatest difficulty is medical accom- modation for the wounded and sicky It must be remembered that, owing to the evacuation of Dun- dee, the appliances for the single brigade are now doing service for a division, plus civilians. The enemy celebrated the New Year and the anniver- sary of the Jameson Raid with a nocturnal salute, all their guns firing into the town. L HEAVILY BESIEGED. The foPowing telegram was posted at the War Office on Saturday night :— General Bailer to Secretary of State for War. FRERK CAMP, Saturday. Following telegram received from General White, Begins JanU!ir.v 6. 9 a.m.—Enemy attacked Caotar's j Cutnp at.2 46 this morning in considerable forca. Enemy everywhere- repulsed, but fighting still continues. SERIOUS POSITION OF GENERAL WHITE. The following messages were posted at the War Office oil Sunday :— General jjullor to Secretary rÚr. (Received Saturday). FRERK CAMP, Saturday. Following message receivul1 p.m. to-day from General White. Begins :— Saturday, 11 a.m.-Attack continues and enemv has been reinforced from south. General Buner to Secretary of State fur War. (Received Sunday.) FRERE CAMP, Saturday. Following message received 4 p.m. from General White. (B (■gins) — Saturday, 12 45 p.m. Have beaten enemy off at present. They are still round me in great numbers, especially to south, and I think renewed attack very probable. (Ends.) Sun has failed so 1 cannot get further informa- tion from Ladysmith uutil to-morrow. THE ATTACK RENEWED. From Sir Iledvers Buller. FRKRE CAMP, Friday. I received following message to-day from White (begins) — Saturday. 3 15 p.m.—Attack renewed. Very hard pressed (ends). 1 have absolutely no more news, and there is no sun. There is a camp rumour that he defeated the enemy at 5 p.m. and took 400 prisoners. Sent, all available troops yesterday to make demonstration at Colenso. The trenches there were all occupied by enemy. GENERAL WHITE'S ACCOUNT OF THE FIGHT. ¡ The following despatch from General Buller, supplementing those published above in reference to the heavy lighting at Ladysmith on Saturday, I has been issued by the War Office — FRKRE CAMP. Monday. General White wires at 2 p.m. yesterday :— (Begins). An attack was commenced on my position, but chiefly against Caesar's camp and Waggon Hill. The enemy were in great strength, and pushed their attack with the greatest courage'and energy. Some of our entrenchments on Waggon Hill were three times taken by the enemy, and re-taken by us. The at1 ack eont;nued until 7 30 p.m. One poiut in onr position was occupied by the enemy the whole of the day, but at dusk, in a very heavy rainstorm, they were turned out of this position at the point of the bayonet in the most gallant manner by the Devon Regiment, led by Colonel Park. Colonel lan Hamilton commanded on Waggon Hill, and rendered valuable services. The troops have had a very trying time, and behaved excellently. They are elated M, the services they have rendered to the Queen. The enemy were repulsed everywhere with very heavy loss, greatly exceeding my side, which will be reported as soon as lists are completed. (Ends). FRKRE CAMP, Sunday, 3 55 p.m. During th" prolonged attack on Ladysmith. by the Boers yesterday the 2nd Battalion Gordon Highlanders and the 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment, who were under canvas at Caesar's Camp, charged with the bayonet. The two battalions of the old 60th Rifles (King's Roval Rifle Corps), who were posted Oil Rifleman's Ridge, also used the bayonet in driving off the Boers. WHAT BULLER WAS DOING. With the object of holding the Boers in position around Colenso a large force of troops moved out from Chieveiev Campnt two o'clock in the afternoon. The naval guns opened the demonstration with a heavy fire upon the enemy's lines. The dispositions were as foilows Lord Dun- donald's cavalry moved forward towards the Tugela, whilst the centre, left, and right went, in the direction of Hlangwaua. General Hildyard's brigade marched in extended order upon Colenso. The Fusil-er Brigade proceeded to the southern base before Hlangwana. Numbers of Boers were seen galloping up to occupy the trenches. A few shots were fired from the enemy's Mausers at our cavalry and General Hildyard's infantry, but we had no casualties. r: Two of our batteries proceeded to within 1,500 yards of Colenso and shelled the Boer position vigorously, but the Boers wore not to be drawn into opening their fire. An artillery duel continued till dusk, when the troops all returned to camp. The Boer commanding from Bulwana Hill at LadYHnÜth ceased at live o'clock this evening. INDIGNATION AGAINST THE REBEL PRISONERS. V MODDER RIVER. Sunday. ar ? morning a naval gun tired at the enemy's Positions. It is stated that the Boers have mounted a gun on a ridge on the extreme left of 1"Slt,io"> while they have also thrown up rjo-Lf 10''m Woi'ks for a considerable distance to the n-T.-f t,, n "i" ^Uf'eil's'anders and Canadians, who took t t °-lilcher's march to Douglas, were in "Jtous« indignation when they learned iidp wprPnSOn,erS whom thev captured at Sunny- !ntZ a11 British subjects. On all sides nXpeCted that fcbe rebels would receive inp- nn ^r°Per Punishment for the crime of tak- remand™ T ■illow^n ,m Sh 8ubi«cts, while England elect in her LircoLTulef?et-t0 enable J0U t0 colony the eutire ministry. ARRIVAL OF LORD ROBERTS, The Dunottar Castle, which left England on her ordinary mail passage on December 23rd, arrived at the Cape on Wednesday. In addition to Lord Roberts it aiso carried Lore" Kitchener and Major- General T Kelly-Kenny, the commander of th Sixth Division. MA JO R-GENERAL MAODOtALD CONFIDENT OF SUCCESS. Major-General Hector Macdonald, who is pro- ceeding to take up the command of the Highland Brigade, is expected to reach the Cape about Tues- day next. In a letter to friends in Aberdeen General Macdonald says:—Let me ask yoa to remember that, whatever you hear, and uo matter ¡ what people say, our generals are all right, and our soldiers will puil this thing through, and right well, too. REPORTED ILLNESS OF LORD METHUEN. With reference to the reported collapse in the health of Lord Methuen, a Chippenham coires- pondent states that inquiries made in the neigh- bourhood of Lord Methuen's Wiltshire house I unfortunately point to the substantial accuracy cf the statement. It seems that upon the occasion of receiving his wound the General's charger reared, throwing its rider heavily to the ground. Severe spinal and other injuries are said to have supervened. WESTERN FRONTIER. MODDER RIVER, Sunday. The Boers are still extending their works. It ia estimated that 30,000 men will be required to defend them. A native states that numbers of the enemy are leaving Magersfontein and proceeding towards Colesberg. The Colonial Dutch rebels who were taken pris- oners at Sunnyside, by Colonel Pilcher'a column will be sent to Capetown for trial. I B OF GENERAL WATJCHOPE. The description of the burial of General Wau- chope given by the Daily News correspondent io as follows:— Three hundred yards to the rear of the little township of Modder River, just as the sun was sinking in a blaze of African splendour, on the evening of Tuesday, the 13th of December, a long shallow grave lay exposed in the breast of the veldt. To the westward the broad river, fringed with trees, ran murmuringly, to the eastward the heights still held by the enemy scowled menacingly north and south the veldt undulated peacefully, a few paces to the northward of that grave 50 dead Highlanders lay, dressed as they had fallen on the field of battle; they had followed their chief to the field, and they were to follow him to the grave. How grim and stern those dead men looked as they lay face up- ward to the sky, with great hands clenched in the last death agony, and brows still knitted with the stern lust of the stiife in which they had fallen. The plaids dear to every Highland clan were repre- sented there, and, as I looked, out of the dis- tance came the sound of the pipes it was the General coming to join his men. There, righ uGùcr the eyes of the enemy, moved with slow and solemn tread, all that remained of the Highiand Rrio-ade. in front of them walked the chaplain, with bared head, dressed in his robes of office, then came the pipers, with their pipes(sixteen in all), and behind them with arms reversed, moved the Highlanders, dressed in all the regalia of their regiments, and in the midst the dead General, borne by four of his comrades. Cut swelled the pipes to the strain of The Flowers of the Forest," now ringing proud and high until the soldiers' heads went back in haughty defiance, and eyes flashed through tears until like suulight on steel; now sinking to a moan- ing wail like a. woman mourning for her firstborn, until the proud heads dropped forward till they rested on heaving chests, and tears rolled down the wan and scarred faces, and the choking sobs broke through the solemn rhythm of the march of death. Right up to the grave they marched, then broke away in camp:tlllC8, until the C..enerallay in the, shadow grave with a Scottish square of armed men around him only the dead man's son and a small remnant of his officers stood with the chap- lain and the pipers whiist the solemn service of the Church was spoken. Then once again the pipes pealed out, Loehaber No More cut through the stillness like a cry of pain, until one could almost hear the widow in her Highland home moan- ing for the soldier she would welcome back no more. Then, as if touched by the magic of one thought, the soldiers turned their tear-damp eyes from the still form in the shallow grave towards the heights where Cronje, the lion of Africa," and his soldiers stood. Then every cheek flushed crimson, and the strong jaws set dke steel, and the veins on the hands that clasped the rifle handles swelled almost to bursting with the fervour of the grip, and tkLf look from those silent, armed men spoke more eloquently than ever spoke the tongues of orators. For on each frowning face the spirit of vengeance sat, and each sparkling eye asked silently for blood. MORE BOER TREACHERY. Private G Francis, of the Guards Brigade, writ- ing to his friends at Luton, under date of Dec 8th, says:—I saw a wounded Boer at the battle of Belmont, so I went to him. He was bleeding fast and I bandaged him up. I then turned to get him a drink from my surgical haversack, and when I turned round he had his hand on his rifle, and wsw just about to point it at me, so I shot him dead with my revolver. A LUCKY HALF CROWN. In a later letter, describing the battle of Modder River, Corporal Webb says:—Our commanding officer was killed early in the fight. Ho was about fifty yards behind me, shot through the neok. 1t was something awfnl. We advanced on the enemy's position about half-past five in the morning, and it was just like walking into the jaws of death. The sheds and rifle bullets fell and burst around us like a lor, of hailstones falling. It was a sight I shall never forget, if I live to the end of time. One man had a half crown in his pocket, aud a bullet went through his pocket and buried itself in the hall crown, and just bruised him. MONTGOMERY SERGEANT'S MIS- ADVENTURE. Qnarteimaster-Sergeant Pain, of the 2nd Shrop- shire Light Infantry, at Orange River, in a letter, dated December 12, written to his wife at Hereford, explains how the Shropshire soldiers—Sergeant Mickleburgh and Privnte Taylor—were shot by a sentry in their own regiment. The writer says :— Last night, as a precaution, we put on two extra companies on outpost duty, because we had received reports that we were likely to be attacked. Our pickets captured a Boer patrol of three men, so everyone was on the alert. About 10 30 p m., Sergeant Mickleburgh (who is a native of Mont- gomery) and Private Taylor were returning from patrol duty, and were challenged by one of the sentries. Instead of giving the countersign and answering Friend," they answered All rigid." Many of the Boers speak English; so after the sentry had challenged three times he fired ten rounds from his magaziue at ths men, and seven shots took effect. Poor Mickleburgh was severely woanded in three places, and Taylor received four buliets. The pour fellows presented a terrible sight. THE EQUIPMENT OF THE VOLUNTEERS. The following appeal has been issued by Colonel Pryce-Joues, M.P. :— The Battalion has been ordered to supply ona section to go to the front and to take part with his line regiment in South Africa, and another is ordered to hold itself in reserve. It will, therefore, be necessary to raise funds to supplement the Government allowance in order to turn out the section in every respect fully and adequately equipped. In addition to this it is pro. posed to insure for £100 the life of every married man guing out, and of every single man whose relatives are dependent upon him at home, during the continuance of the war, conditionally that the same be secured in trust or to purchase an annuity for those entitled to it in case of death. Any surplus will be applied in reduction of the Corps' liabilities, and for furthering its efficiency in the future. As Commanding officer, I have therefore the honour to appeal to the generous and patriotic in- habitants of the counties of Montgomery and Mer- ioneth to subscribe to the fund which has been opened at the North and South Wales Bank, New- town, for this purpose. May I ask everybody who to subscribe some- thing, ho wever small, and those who can well afford to subscribe handsomely to make that personal sacrifice, to mark this memorable crisis in the his- torv of our country, when for the first time, I believe the Volunteers have been invited to go out on active service to fight the battles of the Empire? E PRYCK-JONES, January 9th, 1900. O.C. 5th V.B.S.W.B. Headquarters: Newtown, Montgomeryshire. I THE TOTAL CASUALTIES. Down to Tuesday night the total caualties, excluding those at Ladysmith on Saturday, were 7,213. These figures were made up of 89 officers and 938 men killed, 259 officers and 3,416 men wounded, and 102 officers and 2,409 men missing. THE BOER PRISONERS. letter received by Mi N E Barnes, Alcester void, Birmingham, from his nephew in the War- wickshire Regiment, and written at Capetown on December 20th, says "I have just come off guard over some prisoners at the Castle, and while I was oil a party of the Duke's IJruugut in 57 more of them from Orange River. Out of the 57 there were only two Dutchmen, the remainder being e g made up of all nationalities." THE BOER IRISH. A Lallan telegram from New York says :—Coi J F Diiii; who is with the Boers, states that the Irish brigade serving under the Transvaal flag numbers 2,500 men. He likewise says that the Boers are receiving recruits daily from every country in Europe and from America. BOER PRISONERS' STORY. A Special Service telegram from Capetown, January 7th, says: The twenty Free Staters who surrendered"at Colesberg were fire upon by the Boars on yielding, and one of their number was killed. The remaining nineteen state that of late the only food which they received was a pound of biscuits aud half a pound of bully beef, to last three days. They declare that all the Boers in the district are gfeativ in want of food, and corroborate the statements already made as to the bitter feel- ing between Transvaalers and Free Staters, and as to Cronje's threat to shoot all malcontents. I WHO PAYS P A rather nice point iu casuistry is being dis- cussed iu several clubs just now, remarks To-Day. The 18th Hussars made bets somewhat freely that they would be the first regiment in Pretoria. Who pays P A PARTRIOTIC VILLAGE. On the day the Daily Mail fund for the Absent- Minded Beggar" reached £ 50,000 this paragraph was given :—" The most successful village concert so far recorded in these columns is that held at Nuffield, Surrey, no less than 1161 13s having been collected. Nuffield is not a large village, but such a contribution certainly places Nutfield high up in the list of patriotic places." THE NOBLE 24-TH COLOURS DEPOSITED AT BRECON. The 2nd S.W. B. took leave of their historical colours at Aldershot on Tuesday morning. The Battalion was drawn up under the command of Lieut.Col Roche with an escort of 100 reservists with fixed bayonets. The colours were brought on parade cased, and were hauded over to Capt and Adjt Grant, Lieut Iliddeil, Col-Sergt Scott and Col- Sergt Griffiths, for conveyance to the Depot at Brecon. Escorted by a guard of honour and headed by the band and drums the colours were marched past the battalion on parade, and conveyed ti.ience to trie railway station. lion; the escort pre- sented arms as the colours were taken to the plat- furm, and the band took up a position at their side. Ab the train cauie in that was to convey the colours to Brecon, the band plajed the Welsh National hymn, "Land of my fathers," and as the train steamed out God save the Queen." The colours have a unique interest. They bear a silver wreath of immortelles, placed there by Her Majesty commemorate the gallant efforts of Lieuts Melville and Coghiil to save the colours after the disaster at lsaudhlwana and the heroic defence of Rork's Drift in the ZUlU war of 1879. THK STORY OF THE COLOURS. It is interesting to recall the brilliant acts of Lieutenant, Melville and Lieutenant Coghiil to save the colours of the regiment in South Africa on January 22nd, 1879, the day of the terrible attack of the Zulus on Isandhlwana Camp. Death was imminent when Lieutenant-Colonel Fulleine said to Lieutenant and Adjutant Melville, You as senior subaltern will take the colours and make your way from here." Melville was accompanied by Lieutenant Coghiil. The two brave officers rode hard for the Buffalo River hotly pursued by Zulus. They arrived at the river bank, but it was iu flood. To hesitate, however, was to be lost. Accordingly they plunged their horses into the stream. Coghiil successfully crossed, but Melville, who was greatly encumbered by the colours, got separated from his horse, and was washed against a large rock in mid-stream to which Lieutenant Higginson, of the native regiment, was cling- ing. Melville called to Higginson to lay hold of the colours, but the current which was run- ning like a mill-nce, washed them both away. Cogiiill who had reached the opposite bank in safety, at once plunged his horse back into the stream and rode to their rescue. In the meantime the Zulus had gathered on the river bank and were mercilessly hurling assegais. Coghill's horse was filled and his rider left to swim for his life. After repeated but unsuccessful attempts to reach the colours the officers had to make for the shore, which they reached in a dreadfully exhausted state. They were within 20 yards of the top of the bank when the relentless Zulus, 20 to 1, came up with them. Placing themselves side by sid'e against the ruck, the gallant couple fought bravely, killing several of their pursuers; but even they could not hoid out against overwhelming odds and at length were both killed. Their bodies were afterwards found side by side, surrounded by the bodies of dead Zulus. The colours were subsequently found in the river by a search party. THE GOVERNMENT AND THE WAR. The Right Hon A J Balfour, M.P., addressed a great meeting of his constituents in East Man- chester on Tuesday night. He spoke only on one subject-The war in South Africa, which he de- scribed as the greatest war in which within the memory of the present generation this country has been involved. The war was going to be settled, and settled once for all, but it would not be settled easily, immediately, without further difficulty, or without further bloodshed. With regard to the inaction of the Government from a military point of view prior to the outbreak of hostilities, Mr. Balfour argued that if Great Britain had protested against the Boers importing munitions of war the Trausvaal Govern- ment would have pointed to that ill-omened enterprise," the Jameson Raid, and said it was for defence and not aggression that they were buying guns and war material. He admitted that we were unprepared to deal" with the military situation which we had to face, but contended that the Government were not to blame. He did not feel that he needed to offer any apology whatever for himself or his col- leagues. Mr Balfour discussed the question of the inferiority of the guns in the hands of the British soldiers. He explained the reasons why lighter guns than some of those used by the Boers had beeu sent out, aud declared that it was a pro- found and complete delusion to suppose that our army was not as efficiently equipped as any other European army. Having discovered the need for bigger guns, such guns were being, and would be, ] sent out. The Generals had been given a free hand. Though the Government had been slow, yet, having made up their minds, they would be constant. Now they had been forced to the con- clusion that those Slates had always intended the destruction of our rule in South Africa, they would pursue unwavering to the end a policy which at all events would secure amongst its results that no such war in South Africa shall ever be waged again.

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