Cream of Rice. To one quart of milk add two-thirds of a cupful of rice; place it where it will simmer very gently for half an hour, seasoning with salt and covering tightly. At the end of that time rub through a soup-strainer, add one pint of cream in which one egg-yolk has been blended, return to the stove long enough to get quite hot, then serve. Celery is the proper flavour to add to this soup, but one should be chary of flavouring invalids' dishes with herbs, etc.
Rhubarb Jam. Wipe the rhubarb, and cut it into Vpieces as for tarts. To every pound of fruit add J lb. of loaf sugar, and the peel of half a lemon, cut very finely, and, if liked, four or five bitter almonds. Set it to stand all'night in a pan to draw the juice, then put it in the preserving pan to boil fast for an hour; > try it by putting a little on a plate, and if it sets it is done. Fill the pots while the jam is still warm, and when cold tie down with egged paper.
+ Killed by Tea. A stage carpenter lies in a New York hospital dying from excessive tea drinking, For years he has drunk 30 cups daily. His craving for tea was as fierce as a drunkard's for liquor. The physicians regard his case as one of the most remarkable that have ever come under their observation.
Tips. r~4 ful. Lemon and orange peel should be dried and nsed for lighting fires, as a supplement to the kindling wood. Nut-shells, empty cotton reels, and old corks should be kept in a bag ready to sprinkle on the fire if it get at all low. In an invalid's room a little store of this kind is particularly bandy, especially if one be staying in lodgings where the landlady and her servant object to having to relight a tire. In mild weather it is extremely difficult to strike the mean between overheating a room and letting the fire until it is almost past reviving.
Garden Notes. Sow peas and beans for late crops. The kinds used for early crops are likewise best for this purpose. ■ Sew salads every ten days; also carrots and onions for drawing young. In the beginning of the month sow endive for an early crop. In the first week sow turnips for succession, and in the tuird week for a fall autumn crop. Pull and store winter onions if ripe. Train and prune the summer shoots of all descriptions of wall and trellis trees, Net over cherry trees to protect the fruit from birds. Destroy insects by repeated washings and directing tobacco-smoke against them, ur by strewing snuff (or the fine powder of tobacco) upon them. Take up all bulbs and dry them in the shade before removing them. Remove all kinds of decaying crops. Sow perennials, if neglected last month, to be planted out in the spring. Watering out of doors is more or less neces.ary this month for newly-planted vegetables and nov.ers, and from drought. After watering Iocs en the ground round plants with the hoe.
+ Manure and Plant Evaportion. An application of manure is. it has been said, equal to a supply of moisture, and conversely, irrigation is equivalent to manuriug. This applies primarily to the chemical effect, but it will apply as well to the physical. The water of the soil is the vehicle, constantly in motion, by which plant food is carried into the soil, and then by which capillary attraction brings up from below fresh supplies of matter whiph has been washed down too deep for the roots oi plants to derive any bene* fit therefrom. When rain falls it sinks into the soil by force of gravity. Later, moisture leaves the soil by evaporation and transpiration (evapor- ated from leaves and the surface of plants), and is jeplaced by water from beneath brought up by capillary action.. In this way most of the essen- tials of plant growth, being soluble in water, circulate in close contact with the minute rootlets of the plant, so that when the proper amount of water is in the soil an abundance of plant food is continually within easy reach of the root fibres. In other words, the elements of fertility already in the soil are made more available by a proper water supply, which is equivalent to the addition of more fertilising material. But the plant is not content to depend upon the motion of soil water alone for its supply of mineral food. A vast quantity of water is taken up by the roots, thus the relative amount of water around each rootlet. This deficiency is immediately supplied from the surrounding more moist soil. Each rootlet be- comes a sort of field of attraction to which are drawn mineral essentials of plant growth dis- solved in the soil water. This movement of fertilising material is of considerable amount. since the quantity of water thus taken up is enor- mous. Of course, the plant use-- relatively a small quantity of the water, the bulk passing off through the leaves. This process is called transpiration, and is 2 ¡¡tel" different from e,poration. Evapo- ration will take place from any moist surface until the surrounding air becomes saturated, but trans- piration from the surface of the leaves of the plant will continue even in a saturated atmosphere. The amount of water transpired is astonishing. Experi- ments in this country by Lawes, and in Germany by Helreigel. show that farm crops during their period of -rowth exhale waer to the amount of 200 to 300 times the amount of dry matter in the crop. But the matter which most concerns the farmer is how the present water to the plant in the most acceptable form, i.e., in the capillary state. If there is too much water, capillarity is overcome, and the soil becomes i taturated; if too little moisture, it becomes insensible and insufficient for the needs of the plant. The former case may be remedied by drainage, 1}eer a remedy for the latter is not so easy a matter. A crop on a sandy soil is more easily affected by drought than one on clay, owing to the greater power of the latter of absorb- ing and retaining water. We cannot choose our soil to suit the season, but we can materially im- prove almost any soil by judicious application of manures. In this way we not only increase that plant food, which has already been shown to be equivalent to moisture, but we also increase the tendencies to absorption and retention of moisture. A loamy soil is more retentive even than a clay soil. A cheap Tnuich, though not materially increas- ing the plant food, increases the retentiveness of the soil wuich it covers. The farmer finds exten- sive mulching too costly, so he provides an inferior though quite serviceable substitute, by keeping two or three inches of his soil 90 loose that capillary action will be limited in ex- posing moisture to surface evaporation. Experi- ments by Sachs have show that the amount of water transpired by plants become greater when the temperature of the soil is raised. Mulching protects the soil from the hot rays of the sun by keeping cooler and thus reducing the loss of moisture tu- trn rispir a Hnr>. The greatest benefit of mulching Besjn the uniformity of temperature and transpiration which it occasions. Extremes of either cause disorders in the plant whicn ultimately weaken it, and lead to attacks of fungoid disease.
THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS of Mid-Cardiganshire. The m-iibcrs of the Llanfihangel Ystrad U. D. School have evidently taken to heart the newly issued report of Mr. Legard, from which it appears that Cardiganshire is about the worst of all the Wen c: muties :1,;r" ards school attendance. At the of thio board held last Saturday evening it was unanimously agreed to convene at Felinfaoh Board School at an early date a con- ference of Members of School Boards, Managers of Voluntary Schools, Head-teachers of Elementary Schools, Clerks of School Boards, School Attend- ance Officers, and Justices of the Peace, to consider how best to improve School attendance. The meeting is intended to •><: representative of the Utfited District of Lla tViangel Ystrad, and the parishes of llnited Districts adjoining, which means 13 different local authorities representing 26 elementary Schools, all working hitherto on in- dependent lines. The arrangements for the pro- posed conference were entrusted to one of the members, Mr. D. Watkins, Solicitor, of Lampeter.
Llanfihangel-ar-Arth. -"ir. John L>*v'ios, PerJan, Llanliliangel-ar-Arth, possesses a ewe of the ordinary mountain breed which, is extraordinarily prolific. On November 12th it gave birth to three lambs; and on May 21st this same ewe gave birth to five lambs (four live and one dead.)
JOHN MORLEY ON THE POLITICAL SITUATION. Mr. JOHN MORLEY delivered a telling and eloquent speech at Lydney on Thursday. Sir Charles Dilke presided. Mr. Morley, who was received with much enthusiasm, said: I think you, Mr. Chairman, did well in opening our proceedings to-night by re- minding us, if we needed reminding-which we did not-of the interesting anniversary which took place yesterday, It would be impossible in any assemblage of Englishmen this week that mention should not be made of that anniversary, and that we should not all express our sense of the way in which the Queen has performed the duties of her august station (hear, hear). We to-night join our humble testimony to theirs to the way in which the Queen has fulfilled all the august duties of her Imperial station, and at the same time has discharged those duties so as to produce feelings which are not con- nected with that station simple and affectionate feelings of respect to her person- ally for the sympathy which she has always been so ready to show to all those who are her subjects, on great occasions and on small occasions. On not one of these occa- sions has the Queen ever been wanting in expressing her sympathy with the deepest feeling that animated the hearts of her sub- jects (cheers). All that is not political or party but to-night we are met as a political and, I suppose, as a party meeting (cheers). There has been some lamentation expressed lately as to the 11 hideous political apathy which reigns over the English world at this moment. For my own part I am not con- scious of that apathy. I think it is not so much apathy as a kind of rumination. The electors of this country are ruminating; they are munching over their own vote in 1895—laughter and cheers)—and although the ruminating process ought to be con- ducted with good temper, I rather think that it is accompanied by a good deal of ex- cessive ill-humour and discontent (hear, hear). A good deal has been said of two important speeches—one by Lord Rosebery and the other by Lord Salisbury—in the way of retrospection and reminiscence. They talk as if what is called sectional Liberal- ism had first come into fashion in 1886, and as if it was Home Rule, to use their language, that "shattered the Liberal party." No more gross delusion has ever been attempted to be foisted upon an in- telligent political country. Sir Charles Dilké and I recollect very well the general election of 1885. Why, the whole platform contention of that election was not one bit more warm between Liberals and Tories than it was between one section of Liberals under the present Duke of Devonshire and .mother section of Liberals under Mr. Chamberlain (laughter). It was a duel be- tween these two distinguished and powerful men. They talk of "cross currents now there were cross currents" then with a vengeance—(hear, hear and laughter). We will go to the law and the testimony, and in the little sentence I am going to read, pray don't suppose I am making any point against Mr. Chamberlain, because in those halcyon days he and I were the closest adherents. This is what the Times" wrote in Nov- ember, 1885, upon the state of things at that moment. The borough elections went against us. How did the Times" explaiii that ? The Liberals have to thank Mr. Chamberlain not only for their defeat at the polls, but for the irremeiable disruption and hopeless disorganisation of the Liberal party, with its high historic past and its high: claims to national gratitude. His achieve- ment may give him such immortality as was won by the man who burned down the Temple of Diana at Ephesus." It would be impossible to make a point against Mr. Chamberlain out of that; but when I am told that we ought to be as we were before 1886 I am bound to say-my memory reviv- ing in my cerebral convolutions—I am amazed at any such reference. Don't let us forget that there was a slight majority against the Liberals in 1885. My point is that before Home Rule was mentioned there was that marked desertion in the Liberal ranks in the great boroughs that marked the desertion of those very elements which it now sought to recover. What was the end of that election? The end of it was that neither the Liberals nor the Tories had a majority sufficient to govern the country independently of the Irish vote. Such was the result of the most remarkable election-the first election, mark you, as Sir Charles Dilke will well recollect, where there was an appeal made to the whole body of male Householders, and where the first trial was made of the single-vote constituencies on a Large scale. There were many who then thought that that substitu- tion of the small constituencies for the larger worked badly for our party, on the ground that it tended to deaden political interest and to narrow political judgment. I would like to say another word about Home Rule and Imperialism. Lord Salisbury made a speech the other day, and he said Home Rule is incompatible with the Imperial spirit." I want to apply a very simple test to that. If there is one man who more than another is regarded at this moment as the incarnation of the Imperial spirit it is Mr. Rhodes. But Mr. Rhodes gave = £ 10,000 to Mr. Parnell. Therefore he did not think there was any incompatibility whatever between Irish Home Rule and the Imperial spirit (hear, hear.) Then there was my noble friend Lord Rosebery. He was in two Cabinets which failed to carry Home Rule, and he himself became the head of a Cabinet whose existence notoriously depended upon Irish Nationalist support, and that s^.art was jrJ" given—could only be given-on the explicit undertaking that the policy of Mr. Gladstone's Cabinet was to be continued and carried on. (Cheers.) Now I will leave these matters and go on to say a word or two to you about what has I been lately called sane Imperialism." I agree with Lord Salisbury that "Imperialism" is perhaps not the most satisfactory word to be found—(hear, hear),—and I agree with him I am not sure that I know what it means. ("Hear, hear" and laughter.) Sometimes it seems to mean commercialism, sometimes militarism, sometimes Africanism (laughter.) Let us have chapter and verse. Not many weeks ago we had an opportunity of testing the Liberal feeling upon a specific case, and I will tell you what it was. It was a discussion and a division in the House of Commons upon the Soudan advance. I cannot see why we should not recognise these things. One section thought that the advance for the re-cquisition of the Soudan was not sane Imperialism," and another section disagreed with a motion which was made on our bench. And, mark, the majority of Liberals on that occasion included the leader of the Opposition and included the only three Cabinet Ministers present who were in the late Liberal Government. My own opinion is this—and you will tell me if I am wrong—that that division represented the prevailing temper of Liberals in this country. Now that I have mentioned the Soudan, here is one point I want to say a few words about. One of the incidents of the Soudan campaign was what I am now going to tell you. The Mahdi, of whom you have heard only too much, was an Arab who eighteen or twenty years ago headed a rising against the tyrannous corruption of the Egyptian Government of those days. He was the man who slew our General Gordon. Well, now, after the victory in September last, men, acting under British command, dug up the mouldering corpse of this dead enemy of ours. They hacked or tore off his head. They threw the rest of the gruesome remains into the Nile, and, according to an artilleryman who has told this story, they carried the head on to a gunboat and put it into an empty kerosene can. We now understand that the Mahdi's head is buried at Wadv Haifa. That is the story; we shall hear next week whether it is quite true that the head, this trophy of your dead enemy, was put into a wooden box and sent to England, and then was fetched back. Now I said in the House of Commons of this desecration of the grave of an enemy and of this treatment of a trophy: "It is revolting in itself, and it reflects no honour upon either the good sense or the right feeling of those who ordered it, and it reflects a disgrace upon the British m-tme-" I hold to that.—(Hear, hear.) Don't you agree with me ?—(Cheers.) I will undertake to say the same upon any platform in England, Tory or Liberal, I care not which. Everybody will say that that language was a true description of that act. It is quite true that I was rebuked in the House of Commons for using such language, and I C, suppose that before long it will be as much out of order to say a single word of criticism upon a general as it is to say a word about a judge.—(A laugh.) We will, at all events, make a fight for it.—(Cheers.) There is going to be proposed next week, or a week afterwards, a special mark of honour to the commander in the Soudan, in the shape of a vote of < £ 30,000 to the commander who admits he is responsible for this trans- action. I for one will vote for no special mark of honour to any general, however brilliant and however successful, who is answerable for an act of barbarism so deplorable and so revolting.—(Loud cheers.) Ah, Imperialism! You talk of Empire; take care of the very serious mischievous effects of aspirations which are now fascinating, apparently, no inconsiderable portion of our people. If all these extensions of dominion at any price, without questions being asked, are going to be allowed to continue, what, a reaction is going to take place in the character of our people.—(Hear, hear.) These are the things that you honest audiences ought to be turning over in your minds. Imperialism by all means if it means mercy, if it means humanity, if it means justice but if it means your own demoralisa- tion, if it means lowering your own standard of civilisation and humanity, then in the name of all you hold precious beware of it and resist it.—(Cheers.) Lord Salisbury, in his speech the other day, made some remarks, of the character of which we cannot com- plain for a moment, upon our party. He said that the Liberal party had achieved great triumphs, and had won great successes, by its conduct in the matter of Parliamentary representation. But then he said u Now all questions of Parliamentary representation are over and done with."—Oh.") Well, they are not quite over and done with- (laughter and cheers)-so long as we have our most ridiculous registration system,; which is devised apparently to keep men ofF rather than to put tbfefcr on the registers, or our ridiculous franchise system, which allows one man as many votes as he can acquire and falsifies the opinion of a locality by the instrusion of outsiders.—(Cheers.) There is one other social reform which I would like to mention by way of illustration, and that is temperance. I only want to say very few words about it, but the present system of regulating the particular trade of selling intoxicating liquors is a system which I don't believe that anybody maintains satisfies the public opinion of this country. We want the extension to localities in respect of the regulation of this particular trade—that very same principle of self- government which guided our Liberal fore- fathers inclose particular reform.—(Cheers.) The -great Liberal triumph and success to which Lord Salisbury refers was equally, if not more, due to finance. The country felt— if I read the history of those times aright; and they are not very remote—that in 1846, when Cobden and Bright converted part of the country to the fiscal system which now exists, and after Mr. Gladstone extended it, the country felt they were in sounder hands for financial purposes when the Liberals were in power than when the Tories were in power. We hear a great deal now of empire builders. Is the only empire builder the man who goes into Africa or anywhere else, makes a syndicate, takes land from natives, kills them if they obiect—(cheers)— acquires a new patch on the map, which is coloured red-a very good colour? (Laughter and cheers.) Is that the only kind of empire builder ? No Cobden and Bright, with their Free Trade-they were the men who laid the foundation of the present empire. (Loud cheers.) My own impression is-and in my disembodied condition I may speak quite freely—(laughter)—my own impression is that the country is again beginning to think that our finance would be sounder in Liberal than in Tory hands. Now, I confess that my mind's eye turns, more than anywhere else, to that old town in Holland (cheers). I hope that Holland may be the scene of one more great and memorable contribution to the cause of human progress (cheers). Lord Salisbury's skill and courage in coming to an under- standing with France and with Russia about serious open and controversial matters is a good omen. It shows that Lord Salisbury is on the side of a reduction of all the mis- chiefs and miseries of war (cheers). But I am disappointed, I will admit, at some of the signs of opinion in this country. It seems to me that for the moment a change has come over the ideals of a portion of this country. Even the demon of war now finds those who say smooth things of it. A Ger- man professor who is at this conference at the Hague wrote something the other day and said Well, if war does nothing else, now you cannot deny that it is very useful for improvements in the art of surgery." (Laughter,) That is rather a fine point, (Hear, hear.) But in this country I cannot forget--I wish I could-that at a meeting of the Congregational Union, at a critical moment last year language was used—con- scientiously used I do not doubt, and that only makes it worse. After all," it was said, there were worse things than war," and they were not for peace at any price," and so on. I think it may be said, with certain honourable exceptions, like that of the Bishop of London, for instance, that the clergy have been less strenuous in pressing upon the conscience of this country the momentousness of peaceful issues than you, at all events, would have expected them to be (hear, hear). I read the other day in the current number of a very important mazagine, an article by a clergyman, in which he thinks it right to mock at what lie calls the Sunday School conscience of Mr. Gladstone—(shame) -and to say that war after all evokes some of the noblest qualities of mankind (renewed cries of Slitwtme.) Let us say to one another, Let others have what ideals they like—imperialist, military, or African ideals—we, at all events, will keep a vivid and active ideal in our hearts and minds of peace, not as a thing to be dreamed about and hoped for, but as a thing to be actively worked for. Let it be that when our short day in this world is over, and when the hour strikes for our going down into the valley of the shadow, we may, at least, be able to think that we have never given a vote, nor said a word, nor thought a thought, which would dissociate the great- ness of the country of which we are proud to be citizens from the cause of peace, which, in our case, is also the cause of wisdom and of strength.
MINING IN WALES. [ The Government Blue Book on the mines of North Wales during the past year has just been published. In his report, Dr. Foster states that the total number of persons em- ployed in and about the mines in his district was 10,085, of whom 4,981 worked below ground, and 5,104 above ground. Compared with 1897, there is an increase of 927 persons in the total number employed. The number of mines at work are, in Cardiganshire, 17; Merioneth, 58; Montgomery, 13. In Cardiganshire 349 persons are employed below ground, and 253 above ground, making a total of 602, and, what is very satisfactory to learn, 249 more than in the previous year. In Merioneth 2,722 are employed below ground, and 2,841 above ground, making a total of 5,563, or 60 more than the previous year. In Montgomery the total employed is 324, showing an increase of 91 upon the previous year. The figures show a good improvement in the lead mines of Cardigan and Montgomery, and that the quarries of Merioneth have held their ground. We are glad to note that the Cardiganshire mines have made such an improvement during last year and are promising well from all accounts for the future. In the county of Cardigan there was an output of 652 tons of lead ore, being 203 tons more than in 1897 and 3,328 tons of zinc ore, being 1,484 tons more than in 1897. In Montgomery, 1,120 tons of lead ore were raised last year, being 280 tons less than in 1897 and in Merioneth, 2,544 tons of copper ore were raised. In Flint, 6,754 tons of lead were raised and in Denbigh, 1,154 tons of lead and 3,026 tons of zinc ore. The value of the lead ore at the mines in Cardiganshire was X4,931, being = £ 1,795 more than in the previous year and the value of the zinc ore was X14,585, being £ 8,421 more than in the previous year. The, following mines have been abandoned and removed from the. list during the past year —In Cardiganshire East Darren, Elgaiv Lodge Park, and Plynlimmon. In Merioneth Cefn-cam, Cefn-deuddwr, Egryn, Fron-boeth, Moelwyn (2),Pen-y-stryt,Plascanol, Rhinog, and Tynyberth. The new mines which have been added to the list are:—In Cardigan- shire: Llanerch, North Bryn-yr-afr, and Cam-dwrbach. In Merioneth: Bryn-cyfergyd, Bryn Ilech, Cae-mab-Seifion, Croes-y-ddwy- afon, Daran beldyn, Garth-gell, Hafod uchaf, Rhiwaedog, and Spfl-y-mynydd. Dr. Foster gives some timely remarks on the foreign mining companies. He reports as follows "I cannot pass over in silence the fact that several foreign companies have lately purehased mines in my district with the object of reworking them. Though I wel- come the advent into Wales of the famous Vieille Montagne Company, for I have hopes that its methods of mining and dressing will form useful object, lessons to us, I am not blind to the slur which is cast upon us as a mining nation. If such a capable body of commercial men as the directors of the Vieille Montagne Company propose to re- 0 ,p suscitate some of our abandoned mines, it may be taken for granted that they consider the enterprise as. likely to be profitable. Is our mining talent so iar behind the times that foreigners can make a profit out of mines which we have abandoned as worth- less? If so, the technical skill of continental mining engineers is of a higher nature than that of our own people, and we are not keeping pace with the times. It therefore behoves us as a nation to get out of the groove of the slovenly old-fashioned methods of working ore mines, which linger so long in this country, and to give our mining superintendents and mining foremen such technical training as will render them at least the equals of their continental com- petitors. A feather will show which way the wind blows, and I think it my duty to call atten- tion to a first sign of decadence, with a hope that a remedy will be applied before the patient is past all hope of recovery. The British ore miner too frequently thinks that his only hope lies in better prices for metals; if Hercules could speak from the clouds, he would repeat his old advice and say Put your shoulder to the wheel and help your- self,' or in other words: cheapen the cost of production by making use of all the resources which science is daily bringing within your reach. Nobody who is interested in the mines of Cardiganshire will regret that they are being successfully re-opened by Belgian firms, but it is a matter of deep regret that the mines have been allowed to stand still for such a long time when it might have been equally possible for us to work them with the same results as they are now worked by foreign companies. A revival of the industry is very welcome after all, from whatever part of the world it may come.
ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE.] ORDINATIONS. A general ordination was held by the Lord Bishop of St. David's at the Parish Church of Abergwili on Trinity Sunday, when the following were ordained deacons, and licensed to curacies:— James Jenkins, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, to the curacy of Llanpumpsaint and Llan- llawddog; Hamlin Hubert Jones, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, to the curacy of St. Catherine, Milford, Pern.; Isaac Richard Morgan, a literate, to the curacy of Llanguicke, Glam.; George Osborne Parry, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, to the curacy of St. John, Juxta-Swansea, Gla- morganshire David Egryn Roberts, B.A., Jesus College, Oxford, to the curacy of Llandingat, Car- marthenshire; John Rowland Thomas, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, to the curacy of Cardigan. Un letters 01 request from the Lord Bishop of LlandaffEdward Wood Edwards, a literate; Thomas Michael, Lie. in Div., St. David's College, Lampeter Thomas Price, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter. The following were ordained priests:—David Davies, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, and of St. Michael's College, Aberdare, curate of Llan- sadwrn with Llanwrda; Thomas Davies, Lie. in Div., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of Bangor, Cardiganshire; David Lewis Edwards, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, and St. Michael's College, Aberdare, curate of Cefnllys; Evan Griffiths, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, and St. Michael's College, Aberdare, curate of St. Paul's. Llanelly; John] Maurice James, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire; John Jones, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of Llanfihangel; Francis Price, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter; curate of Llangattock, with Llangenny; David Thomas, Lie. in Div., St. David's College, Lam- peter, and of St. Michael's College, Aberdare, curate of Llanybyther aud Llanwenog; David Williams, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of St, Thomas, Swansea. Mr. James Jenkins was the Gospeller, and the sermon was preached by the Very Rev. the Dean of St. Asaph. BANGOR. The Bishop of Bangor on Sunday held his first ordination in the Cathedral Church, when the following were ordained: Priests William Sylvanus Williams, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of Llandecwyn-cum-Llanfihangel- y-T raefchan, Carnarvonshire; Daniel Jones, B.A., St. David's College, Lampeter, curate of Llangefni, Anglesey. Deacons: Henry J. Davies, B.A., St. David's College, I.ampeter, licensed to the curacy of Llanfair P.G., Menai Bridge.
[NOTE.—We have pleasure in stating that a short article will appear here weekly from the pen of Philip Sidney. It will, as a rule, deal with some topic of local interest other than the purely theological and political. Communications for the writer's consideration may be sent to him c/o Editor. "Welsh Gazette.] IV.—THE TABERNACLE, CALVINISTIC METHODISTS. This congregation may well feel proud at the position it holds in the town, being far and away the largest of any of the churches. It has a mem- bership of some 650 adults in full communion, and an average evening attendance of fully 750 wor- shinoers. Even when -nreaehiricr is crninn- rm f XA XT' O V" **v Trefechan and elsewhere, a pouring rain, and a popular minister in the town, in the person of the Rev. Guinnesa Rogers, the congregation numbered 503- The Tabernacle congregation, born in 1785, is the daughter of the old mother church of Gosen, which dates from 1770; and has given birth to Shiloh in Queen-street, and to the English Calvin- istic. Society in Bath-street, so lately ministered to by the talented Rev. Richard Hughes, B.A., now of Bornmouth. Its register of births and baptisms begins in 1814. The building has probably the largest sitting accommodation of any in the town. A deep gallery runs round three sides,, the fourth being occupied by the pulpit platformor rostrum. The sittings om the ground floor are so. arranged in a gently rising way as to give every worshipper an uninterrupted view of the preacher, and the accoustic properties strike out as perfect. Like so many other Welsh chapels, there is a coldness in the interior, due to the lack of any warm colouring on the walls. The strong white entablature at the back of the pulpit is. to sav the least of it. extremelv trvino- tn tho fII -u- oJ -1"5 .LJ.v eyes of the listener as he sits and looks at the preacher. A small and judicious expenditure, in the hands of a competent decorator could make a wonderful and an appreciable addition to the other good qualities of this bright and airy chapel. The service is a typical Welsh one. Most of the congregation—by no means all—use their 'hymn books; those who have them not, or do not use them seem to join in as heartily asjthe others. The old plan, well remembered by many,, of linino-" the hymns has disappeared, no reading of two lines now by minister or clerk, and then the singing of thorn by the worshipers; like the Welsh hat lining "is giving place to other fashions. Where now, save in the Highlands and a few scattered places, do the worshippers :— oit to sing and stand to pray, In the old Presbyterian way ? Given some hundreds of singers doing their duty, and a popular Welsh tune suiting the words of the hymn (there is- more in, this than people think), the effect will be truly congregational, and this is certainly found in the Tabernacle. The well played harmonium serves its purposes in announc- ing the tune, the worshippers do not rest. f The first pastor of the Tabernacle is the Rev. Thomas Levi, who, after more than twenty years of well directed and faithful service, is still happily with us. Not only does he discharge the numerous duties of a congregation such as thus, but he finds time and pleasure in various external agencies for the good, of the commonwealth, notably that of the progress of the County SchooL. Strange indeed is the contrast between the life of a minister of the gospel, say in the last century, and that of one to-day, who rightly feels that his duty is not confined to two sermons on the Sunday. Indeed, the demands on the time of a present-day minister are such as to threaten the extinction of that period when he can be still and find out God when he can gather up fresh strength and inspira- tion for the work of his life—baptisms, marriages, burials, committees, aldermanic and councillor duties, meetings, journeys, are but a small part in the working day of ministers, who were recently described by a Rugby lad. as men who sat in libraries and smoked all day." Calvinistic Methodism to-day in its preaching is not what it was, even so recently as half a century ago. Like other pulpit utterances it is more tol- arant, less dryly dogmatic than of yore. One thing often strikes me in conversing with young Calvin- ists, namely, the very little that is known by many of them about John Calvin, bis life and his works. Born in 1509 in Picardy, the son of a cooper, he was early dedicated to the church. In 1536 he published his Christian Institution as the con- fession of faith of those who were persecuted in France and condemned to the stake. This work afterwards appeared in France, and almost every year was published by him with emendations aud additions. His life was one of great activity; indeed, it can hardly be conceived how he could have accomplished so much as he did before his death, which occurred in 1564. The chief doctrines of Calvin's system are, of course, those which wero discussed at the famous Synod of Dort, under the following heads; pre- destination," particular redemption," total depravity," irresistible grace," and "the certain perseverance of the saints." In succeeding contro- verses these were denominated the five points." For the information of our readers it may be stated that Calvin's collected works were pnblished in English by the Calvin Translation Society, of Edinburgh, in 52 vols. 8vo, completed in 1855. It is said that the vitality of a congregation is largely judged by the various activities carried on by its members. If this be so, then the Taber- nacle people are very much alive, for their suc- cessful Sunday schools are indeed a credit to them. Without the true missionary and educational spirit a congregation has not much chance of Music, too, as intimated above, finds a prominent place in the work here more than fifty years ago, members of this congregation devoted their musical talents to the production of various solos and choruses from Handel and other composers ? Well on now in the second century of its exist- ence the Tabernacle bids fair to remain a strong power for good in the town, and the spiritual home of some hundreds of its inhabitants. PHILIP SIDNEY.
GOOD TEMPLARS. The annual meetings of the Grand Lodge were held at Towyn, when there were present delegates from all parts of the Principality. The chair at all the meetings was taken by the Rev. Rees Evans, Llanwrtyd. The Grand Chief Templar (Mr. Evans) u in his annual report reviewed the year's work, and considered it satisfactory on the whole. Lodges el had been opened at Gaerwen, Barry, Troedyrhiw, Maesteg, and Glyncerwg, and one was in course of being opened at Pontypridd. From a legislative point of view the outlook was not very encouraging. Whilst the present Government was in power they could not expect any concession to the temperance cause, and matters had not made any headway with the Opposition. Sir William Harcourt, he was sorry to say, had resigned the post of leader of the Opposition, and the death of Mr. T. E. Ellis was also a sad blow to temncrance cause. Mr, Herbert Gladstone, open);- shevrsd. his oppos- ition to local veto, a fact which ear.scd some anxiety to temperance advocates, la the country things were different. Whenever a candidate openly showed that he was a temperance advocate he was always successful, as evidenced in the elections at Southport and Reading. If the temperance people from both parties were united into one strong party victory would be theirs. The statement made by Sir M. Hicks-Beach in introducing the Budget, in which" he expressed his gratification that the consumption of drink had increased during the year, was not a matter for rejoicing, inasmuch as it meant an increase in the poverty and misery of the country. It would be far better for the people to pay their contribution to the revenue direct from their pockets. He hoped that some good would come from the Royal Commission on the Liquor Traflic.-It was stated that the banner offered by the International Supreme Lodge had been won by the Rhosllanerchrugog Lodge, it having increased its membership during the year more than any other lodge in the world. It was decided to congratulate the lodge. A question of bringing out a hymn-book for the use of the lodges was favourably considered, and referred to the Executive Committee. Regret was expressed that so few of the lodges had sent persons to compete in the examination for prizes and certificafes, and it was decided to offer the same subjects again. A strong protest was passed against the action of the Cardiff Eisteddfod Committee in granting permis- sion to sell drink on the Eisteddfod ground. The following officers were elected for the year:— Grand Chief Templar, the Rev. Rees Evans, Llan- wrtyd; Grand Councillor, the Rev. J. Williams, Abergwynfe Political Superintendent, Mr. Lewis Roberts, Bootle Grand Vice Templar, Mrs. Rob- erts, Cardiff; Grand Superintendent of the Child- ren's Lodges, the Rev. E. Griffith, Liverpool; G.T., Captain G. B. Thomas, Carnarvon Chaplain, the Rev. J. D. Evans, Towyn; Grand Secretary, the Rev. O. N. Jones, Pwllheli; Grand Marshal, Mr. Rosser. Llanelly; Installing Officer, Mr. Llew Jones, Dirkenhead G.A.S., Miss Jones, Festmiog; G. Sen., Mr. Jones, Troedyrhiw; G. Guard, Mr. Jones, Penisa'rwaen; G.V.M., Mr. Jones, Llanelly Grand Messenger, Mrs. J. Davies, Llanelly.
PENNAL. MINISTERIAL. The Calvinistic Methodist Church at this village has sent an invitation to the Rev. E. O. Williams, Brecon, to become its pastor. Mr. Williams has accepted the- invitation and he will commence his ministry here in the beginning of July.
At a meeting of burghers, held last Tuesday week at Dethulie, a farming township, a resolution was adopted by 20 votes against 15 in favour of remain- ing neutral in the event of hostilities, The journal adds that the majority consisted of burghers of standing. It is understood that arrangements have been made to begin immediately the construction ol the Bulawayo and Gwelo Railway. At Brussels, oil Wednesday, the Internationas Miners' Congress unanimously adopted a resolution declaring that in every country miners ought to demand that their employers should be fully liable for accidents befalling the men while at work. The Congress also discussed the question of wages, Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, speaking at Bristol, last week, expressed a preference for life in Opposition to that of life in office. He spoke of the weariness of political life," and thought if the Opposition could not win the next general election, the Conservatives ought to play with their second eleven." A three days' Jubilee, in celebration of the return of peace, was inaugurated at Washington last week. The city was decorated, the Spanish flag flying side by side with the Stars and Stripes. Salutes were fired, and bells rung. A parade of troops was held, and was reviewed by President McKinMy. Overcrowding in cities was the subject of a discussion at the Co-operative Congress at Liver- pool. A resolution was adopted urging all societies, in districts where housing conditions were below the right standard, to earnestly consider the possibility of safely using capital in the erection of good houses, such houses to be let to members at the lowest rents, and thus brought into effective competition with bad houses at exorbitant rents. Lieutenant Frank J. Andrew, a British subject in the service of the Congo Free State, who has reache(I England on sick leave, gives in an inter- view published to-day a gloomy picture of the state of affairs in the region whence he has come. There is constant fighting, and he accuses the authorities of disgraceful maladministration." He repeats the stories already heard of incon- siderate treatment of British officers, of the incom- petence of Belgian officials, and of oppression of the natives. The closing of the peace negotiations between the Americans and the Filipinos is stated to have been officially reported to Washington by Mr. Schurman. The Anglo-American idea is advancing by leaps and bounds. At a New York banquet, last week, Admiral Sampson said he hoped that the citizens of the United States might never prove them- selves the unworthy children" of the Queen, is a portent which will startle the statesmen of all nations. Who would have dreamt, three years ago, that such celebrations or such an utterance were possible 1 The Queen arrived at Balmoral on Saturday afternoon. At Aberdeen and Ballater she was heartily welcomed, and at Balmoral Highlanders lined the approach to the castle on behalf of the tenantry. The British river steamer Yoon has been attacked on the West river by pirates, who carried off 7,000 dollars, wørtb of money and property. Armed gangs are prowling and raiding in the newly acquired islands. Several arrests have been made, but the police are insufficient to give protection. The -situation has become serious in China, Japan sympathises with China, and is assuming a threat- ing attitude towards Russia. The inner details of the situation are difficult to ascertain, but every- body fears dangerous developments next month. t, Another unsuccessful attempt to get off the Paris was made on Saturday afternoon. It was reported that the vessel's position was bad if the wind freshened. The latest failure to get the vessel off the rocks confirms the theory of nautical men that she will have to be lifted and floated, not pulled off. The Rev Mr. Baldwin was killed by lightning in his pulpit on Sunday at Fonntain, Oklahoma, while urging his hearers to repent. The congre- gation fled from the church in a panic. A formidable rising is reported from Mada- gascar. a Nothing has been decided," is Sir John Jones Jenkins's reply to a query as to the foundation for a report that he will not seek re-election for the Carmarthen Boroughs. It is stated upon good authority that a syndicate intend opening a large colliery near Llangyfelach, and working the well-known Pentrefelen Vein, so long worked by Messrs. Vivian and Sons. It is intended to make a railway down to Gorseinon,. and join the London and North-Western Railway.
THE QUEEN'S EIGHTIETH BIRTHDAY. The Queen kept the eightieth anniversary of her birthday surrounded by her sans and daughters, her grandchildren and great-grandchilren, within the precincts of the great Castle of Windsor, the his- tory of which has been so mtimately bound up with the history of England since the period of the Norman conquest. Wednesday's programme of festivities at Windsor was so crowded as to leave little breathing-time to those who took part in it, commencing with the breakfast hoar and coming to a close only with the departure of the day itself. On the whole the weather conditions may be con- sidered as favourable, for although intermittent showers occasionally chased away the sunshine, it fortunately happened that the principal outdoor ceremonies escaped the heavier downfalls. A principal ornament of the Royal and loyal borough was the floral arch on Castle Hill, bearing inscrip- tions commemorative of the occasion, whilst bard by Her Majesty's statue was fittingly adorned, and along the main streets the gay flags and bunting completed the pictorial display. The first event of the day was the serenading" of Her Majesty during the breakfast hour by the members of the Windsor and Eton Amateur Mad- rigal and Choral Societies, and the choirs of St. George's Chapel and Eton College Chapel. The members of the choirs numbered some 260 in all. They, as well as the specially invited guests, com- menced to assemble in thegrand quadrangle before ten o'clock. Rain had been falling heavily an hour or so previously, but by this time the weather had cleared up, and the vast open space beneath the windows of the famous oak dining-room soon be- came a centre of great activity. The arrival of those who were to take part in the programme created much interest among the young princes and princesses who were to be seen crowding the windows of the breakfast-room. The choristers were the first to put in an appearance, and then came we XLon college v olunteers, marching along with a fine swing, their band playing The Soldiers of the Queen," whilst the boys of the school came up at the rear of the corps. One saw decrepit but gallant and honoured age mingling with youth as the old Military Knights of Windsor entered the quadrangle, with all their medals thick upon them. Their picturesque uniforms, with waving plumes, contributed much to the colour of the scene. Next came the Mayor and Corporation of Windsor, in all their civic pomp. The Mayor woro his chain and robes, and was preceded by his macebearer, whilst the aldermen and councillors wore their official gowns of bright scarlet or deep violet. By the time that Sir Walter Parratt, the Queen's Master of Music, had taken his place, ba"-)n in hand, on a pedestal beneath the bay window 'Ii the apartment in which Her Majesty was breakfasting the spacious quadrangle had become well filler It was a striking picture that presented itself ben ath the grey historic towers and walls of the castll a;
-— CLYNARTHEN. CYMANFA.—The annual cymanfa of the Congre- gational Sunday Schools of this district was held at Glynarthcn on Whit-Monday. The schools present were Glynarthen, Brynmoriah, Beulah, Brynmair, and Hawen. The services were held at 10 and 2 o'clock. Glynarth and Brynmoriah were catechised by the Rev. L. Evans, B.A., Capel Wig; Beulah and Brynmair by the Rev. D. Jones, Hope Chapel, Cardigan; and Hawen by the Rev. J .Davies, Glynarthen. The children were also catechised by the Rev. L. Evans. In the evening a sermon was delivered by the Rev. L. Evans to a large congre- gation.
ABERAYRON. DEATH OF REV. W. It HUGHES.—The Rev. W. B. Hughes, B.A., curate, Llanishen, died on Friday evening after a severe illness in his 36th year. Mr. Hughes was a native of Llanelly, his father, Mr. William Hughes, being a builder of that town. The deceased, who was a graduate of the University of London, had a brilliant scholastic career. For some years lie was one of the masters of Emmanuel School, Wandsworth, and later headmaster of Aberayron Grammar School. He entered Holy Orders in i393, and was appointed to the curacy of Llanishen, where he was highly esteemed for great devotion to duty and for a breadth of view and character that im- pressed all who were brought into contact with him. Mr. Hughes married Miss Lewis, of Llanedy, who, together with five children, survive him. The funeral took place on Wednesday, when the remains removed to Llanelly for interment.
Business Notices. TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT, 13, pIER STREET ABERYSTWYTH. DAVID JAMES. Suitings, Coatings, Trouserings, &c., in the best fashion and at reasonable prices. Cricketing and Boating. Suits made to order on the Shortest Notice. for WELSH WOOLLEN GOODS G 0 TO ROWLAND MORGAN, LONDON HOUSE, t ABERYSTWYTH. WM. THOMAS, COAL AND LIME MERCHANT, ABERYSTWYTH. BRICKS, SLATES & PIPES of every description always in Stock.' DAVID MORGAN, DRAPEBY AND MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT, g | >'Kr. gTREET, ^BERTSTWYTff. DAVID EVANS, WATCHMAKER, JEWELLER & OPTICIAN, 39, GrREAT DARKGATE ST., ABERYSTWYTH, (Opposite the Lion Royal Hotel,) Invitee your attention to his Choice Stock of i E. W E L L E R Y, Comprising all the Latest Designs and mast Fashio. able Patterns in GOLD,, SILVER, PEBBLES & JET. SILVER PLATE SUITABLE FOR PRESENTATIONS., G OLD AND SILVER WATCHES IN GREAT VARIETY. $_ H. H. DAVIES. PHOTOGRAPHER, PIER STREET, (Removed one door above.) ABERYSTWYTH. HH. D., having removed to larger premises, • begs to inform the public generally that ho is now enabled, with the be ter facilities at his disposal, to execute all orders p omptly. In thanking his numerous patronisers for their kind support in the past, he trusts that his care and attention will merit a continuance of the same. MRS. M. E. DAVIES, CONFECTIONER. IER STREET, ABEUYSTWYB HA VIXG given up the Oonfoctioncry business, J&.JBL begs to thank her numerous customers for their past support and to state that she will still retain her DINING ROOMS which she trusts will continue to receive a share of public patronage. I. AND G. LLO YD COACHBUILDERS, ALFRED PLACE, ABERYSTWYTH. Carriages made to order on the shortest notice. Experienced Men kept for all Branches. CARRIAGES FOR SALE. SUMMER FASHIONS. C. M. WILLIAMS BEGS respectfully to announce that he is now showing a good selection of NEW GOODS SUITABLE FOR THE PRESENT SEASON. NEW HATS AND BONNETS. MILLINERY. NEW FEATHRRS AND FLOWERS. NEW RIBBONS AND LACES. NEW DRESS MATERIALS. NEW GOWNS AND SILK SCARFS. NEW SILK UMBRELLAS, &c. NOTED HOUSE FOR STYLISH HATS AND BONNETS. SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO MOURNING ORDERS. GENTS' NEWEST SHAPES IN HATS AND CAPS, TIES, SCARES COLLARS, CUFFS, &C. —,— Inspection respectfully invited. C. M. WILLIAMS, ^ENERAL DrAPEP-y ^ESTABLISHMENT, i 10, PIER STREET, ABERYSTWYTH.