.EDUCATION IN WALES. Opening of Tregaron County School. A RED LETTER DAY. It was easily to be seen, even by the most casual observer, that something beyond the ordinary was taking place at Tregaron on Friday. It was not a horse fair, either; for these, common as they are 3.0 ine iixut; town on cue urenig, are noT, welcomed with the blare of brass instruments, nor yet do the inhabitants hang out their banners on the out- ward walls to greet the dealers and drovers. On Friday Tregaron wore an entirely holiday aspect; flags and banners were flying from many of the houses garlands and streamers crossed the streets from window to window; mottoes, both in English and the vernacular, were to be seen in rich pro- fusion; and the inhabitants, the younger ones especially, were all drest in their best" and wear- ing such contented and happy faces that one was fain to enquire if the millenium, missing the rest (d England, Ireland and Wales, had quietly arrived at Tregaron. A millenium of a sort, it was true, had visited the inhabitants of the town and dis- -triet, but it was a millenium owing its existence entirely to the hard work of the townspeople and their friends—in short, Friday was the day when the new county school was opened. Education, like many other things, may be misapplied, and what is one of the greatest blessings of civilization may become a curse to the community. Fortun- ately, however, cases in which this is so are but few, hardly perceptible in the great mass of bene- fits derived from learning, and are practically the exceptions that go to prove the rule that education is power and strength and opens an avenue to nearly -every calling or career in this world of ours. No wonder, then, that Tregaron put on its best aspect on Friday, and welcomed its visitors right heartily and hospitably. The cause of education at the present day at Tregaron, as in most places, must "nnmistakeably be connected with the enor- mous work done by the Sunday Schools a generation or two ago. In Tregaron particularly and the district surrounding, this fact must certainly be kept in view. In the year 1837 died the Rev Ebenezer Richard, the father of Mr Henry Richard. His remains lie in the churchyard by the stream at Tregaron, and the inscription on his tomb, well written by Gwilym Hiraethog, par- ticularly points out the great work done by the famous preacher in connection with the Sunday Schools. He took a particular interest in the in- struction of youtn, and in all meetings where children were catechised he was in great demand. This inspired the district, as was the case with other districts with a zeal for knowledge, which spread into other spheres beside that of religion. The work commenced by the father was well and nobly carried on by the son. It is really hard to estimate the work done by Mr. Henry Richard for Wales, whether politically, socially,or educationally. He looked upon himself as the only representative of Nonconformity on the Commission which was appointed in 1880 to investigate the needs of higher education in Wales, and to the work of this ommission is due the establishment of the County Schools throughout the Principality. While open- ing the County School at Tregaron no one should lose sight of the enormous debt of gratitude which Wales owes to the distinguished native of the little town which presented so animated an appearance on Friday. While referring to the baby among Intermediate schools a word or two as to an edu- cational establishment of more mature age-the Ystrad Meurig School—may not be uninteresting, Owing to the proximity of Tregaron to Ystrad Meurig, many of its boys of each generation felt the influence of that school, the time ranging over a century and a half, and the whole neighbourhood was saturated with an acquaintance with the classics, and it is doubtful whether any town in the principality had an equal acquaintance with Latin and Greek. Edward Richard, the founder of the Ystrad Meurig School, appears to have opened his academy in the year 1734, and having no school house he gave lessons in the church, the ruins of which are still existent. For a time he gave up school, being desirous of himself becoming more acquainted with the classics. He opened a second -time in 1746, and from that time to 1777 he applied himself to the teaching of pupils, who came to him from the neighbouring districts as well as from parts of the Principality afar off. In 1754 and 1771 he endowed his school, the emoluments from which are still applied to the same objects as the original founder had in view. At one time the school had an enormous reputation, and was the most renowned school in Wales; its pupils being ordained by Welsh bishops without proceeding on a collegiate or univer- sity career. The curriculum of the school was de- voted entirely to the classics,except that the teacher himself, a distinguised pastoral writer, gave lec- tures on Welsh poetry. Amongst his pupils were leuan Brvdydd Hir and Dafydd Ionawr. So great was the classical knowledge of the pupils that they were reputed to be more acquainted with the olassical grammars than with Welsh. The school had had a distinguished roll of pupils, of whom it majr justly be proud, including as it does the Rev. John Owen, Vicar of Thrussington, and biographer of Daniel Rowland; John Hughes, Archdeaedtt of Cardigan; John Williams, M.A., another Arch- deacon of Cardigan, the friend of Scott, Lockhart, Lord Jeffrey, Sir William Hamilton, Dr. Chalmers, and others; Dr. James (Dewi o Ddyfed), father of Dr. James, headmaster of Rugby; Bishop Joshua Hughes, late of St. Asaph John Phillips of Bangor, a man who did as much for elementary Welsh education as any one that can be named. The late Sir George Osborne Morgan, at the unveiling of the statue of Henry Richard, referred with pride to the fact that his father bad been educated at Ystrad Meurig school. In later days there has been a de- crease in the number of scholars owing in some measure to the inaccessibility of the place and also to the springing up of younger schools in different parts of Cardigan and other counties, from which Ystrad Meurig in former days drew many of its pupils. The rise of St. David's College, Lampeter, and of the College School, have added to this. As was briefly referred to at the public meeting on Friday it was only by something in the nature y 11 of an accident that Tregaron came to posess an intermediate school at all. It was originally in- tended to come to some arrangement with the authorities of the Ystrad Meurig schools so that it might be located there, and another scheme sug- gested was that the Aberystwyth schools should accommodate the pupils from this district. Both these suggestions came to nothing, and then arose the question as to the location of the school— Ystrad Meurig or Tregaron. The choice finally fell upon the latter, but the first arrangements did not meet with the approval of the local people. They were to be granted llj per cent of the county funds from endowment and the local rate, and a grant of £ 1034 from the licensing money towards the cost of building. Tregaron protested, and Tregaron gained the day, the annual grant being mcreased^from 111 to 20 per cent. Even at this the terms were none of the easiest. £1,000 must be collected, and provision made for 100 pupils before August 1st, 1897. If this were not 'done, then Tregaron must give up hopes of the settlement of the school in their midst, and either Lampeter or Ystrad Meurig would be given that benefit. But the Tregaron people at once saw the advantage that would be gained by their accepting the terms given, and they worked hard towards the attainment of that end in view. One of the greatest-perhaps the great-estobstacle in the path of progress was the acquisition of a freehold site. This, by unceasing effort, was at last obtained, at ca cost of P,140, and meanwhile the collection was proceeding apace. A few weeks were sufficient to obtain the sum of £750, this sum containing a .subscription from Mr. Williams Jones, the chair- man of the governors, of P,100, and at the present time, having paid £1,150 for the building, £46 to the architect, R71 in scholarships and bursaries, and £ 512 14s. 6d. in salaries, there is a balance in hand on the general fund of L549 15s. 2d., and on the building, scholarships, and general fund of £1,146 12s. lid. The work has been largely in the hands of Mr. William Jones, Dr. Lloyd, Mr. Thomas Jones (Post Office), Mr. Thomas Evans (Albion House), Mr. Rees Jones, Mr. D.J, Williams, J.P., and Mr. Morgan Morgan, while many others have rendered valuable assistance. Once the money was subscribed the question of the building was to the fore. Messrs. William Jones, Thomas Jones, Rees Jones, and Morgan Morgan were appointed a committee to view different schools in South Wales, and report. Afterwards Mr. Bankes Price, of Lampeter, was engaged as architect, and Mr. Evans, Llanybyther. secured the contract for building the amountfeeing £ 1,622. This, of course, does not include furniture and fittings, and the complete cost will he somewhere in the neighbourhood of £ 2,250. The new school is a plain and unpretentious but substantial and convenient building, contain- ing well-lit central hall, class-rooms, laboratory, workshop, laundry, and kitchen, and there are -some excellent recreation grounds attached. The builder was especially highly complimented on the excellent maimer in which he had carried out his work, and the pupils and staff will no doubt wel- come the change from the inconvenient room at the Town Hall to the well-fitted up new buildings. It may be mentioned as a matter of some interest that the school staff consists of Mr. G. T. Lewis, B.A. (hea(1 master); Mr. W. J. Watcrhouse, B.A., B.C.L., B.Sc., F.C.S., science master; Miss J. G. H. Jones, B.A., senior mistress; and Miss Annie .Foulkes, R.A.H. and R.C.M., assistant mistress. The members of the Local Governing body are Messrs. William Jones, Ffosheulog, chairman; Thomas Jones, vice chairman J. H. Davies, Cwrt- mawr, Rees Jones, D. G. Williams, Thomas Davies, J.P., D. Tivy Jones, Professor Williams, Lampeter College. Mrs. Dr. Lloyd, Mrs. Rees Morgan, Llan- ddewi, and Mrs. Evans, Albion House; while Mr. Morgan Morgan is clerk. In conclusion, we may point out that the fact that the school is located at Tregaron, although Ystrad Meurig's loss, is Tregaron's gain, and it is to be hoped that the latter town will not forget this, but endeavour to carry on the great traditions to which it is heir. THE DECORATIONS. As briefly indicated above, the town was gay with bunting, streamers, flags, and banners to be seen in all directions. Among the various mottoes displayed in the streets were Welcome to all," Mewn llafur mae elw," Education will advance Gwalia," Vita sine litteris mors," and Gair Dduw dysg goreu." In the central hall of the school were the words "Welcome" and" Mewu llafur mae elw." THE LUNCHEON. A luncheon was given by Mr. William Jones in the Town Hall immediately before the ceremony of declaring the schools open, and was excellently pre- pared and served by Mr. Morgan of the Talbot Hotel The full list of the invited guests, most of whom attended, is as follows:—County Governing Body Mrs James, Broncastell; Dr. E. Evans, Llandysul; the Rev J. G. Evans, Aberayron; the Rev T. James, Llandyssul; Mr. J. C. Jones, Llanarth; Alderman l'eter Jones, Aberystwyth Alderman Rev T. Mason Jones, Yspytty the Rev T. Levi, Aberystwyth; Mr. Jenkin Lloyd, Pant; Councillor Morgan Richardson, Cardigan; Alderman C. Al. Williams, Aberystwyth the Rev R. Williams, Cardigan Mr. D. C. Roberts and Principal Roberts, Aberystwyth Mr. L. J. Roberts, Rhyl; Mr. Robt. Ellis, Aberystwyth; the Rev R. Williams, Lampeter; Councillor O. B. Evans, Cardigan; Sir M. O. M. Lloyd, New Quay Mrs. Jones, Llandyssul; Mr. J. C. Harford, Falcon- dale; Mrs. Lloyd, New Quay; Mr. H. C. Fryer, county clerk; Mr. H. Herberts, Troedyrhiw; Mr. Wern Davies, Wernriw; and Mr. J. Jones, Cilpill. Mr. Owen Owens, chief inspector of intermediate schools; Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., Colonel and Mrs. Davies-Evans. High- mead; Mrs. Harford; the Earl and Countess of Lisburne Mr. and Mrs. Waddingbam; the Rev John Jones, Ystrad Meurig School; the Rev T. M. Evans, Lampeter; Mr. Inglis Jones, DerryOrmond: Mr. Powell, Sunny Hill; Dr. Lloyd; Mr. J. Gibson, Aberystwyth Mr. D. Samuel, headmaster Aber- ystwyth School Mr. Hughes, Aberaeron Mr Lewis, Llandyssul; the Headmaster, Cardigan School; Mr. T. Evans, Albion Mr. T. D. Rowlands, Cardiff; Mr. and Mrs. Evans, Werna Mr. and Mrs. Williams; Ystrad Mr. and Mrs. Jones, Waunfawr; and Mr. J. Loxdale, Castle Hill; representatives of ele- mentary schools; Mr. D. Thomas, Tregaron; Mr, P. Rees, Tregaron; Mr. John Rees, Bont; Mr. D. Williams, Abbey; Mr. Jenkins, Yspytty Mr. Jones, Swyddfynon the headmasters of Lledrod and Bronant; Mr. Hughes, Castell; Mr. Jenkins, Blaen- caron; Mr. Phinnimore, Blaenpennal; Mr. D. Davies, Llanddewi; Mr.E. Jones, Llangeitho; Mr. Emlyn Jones, Penuwch; Mr. Davies, Bwlchllan the Headmaster, Athen Mr. Davies, Llangybi; the Headmaster, Llanfair; Mr. Jones, Bettws; Mr. Owen, Cellan; Mr. Lewis, Miss Owen, and Mrs. Jones, Lampeter; Mr. T. J. Jones, Llanwnen; and Mr. Steward, Silian; clergymen, the Revs. D. M, Davies, Tregaron; T. R. Davies, Llanddewi; J. Worthington, Llangethio; T Davies, Gartheli E. W. Williams. Nantcwnlle; Z. 1,1. Davies, Blaenpennal E. Jones, Abbey; W. Williams, Lledrod; T. R. Evans, Llangybi J. Jones, Bettws D. Jones, Lampeter, T. Jones, Cellan; and R. Morris, Silian; ministers, Revs. Morgan Evans, Tregaron; Rees Morgan, Llanddewi; Daniel Jones, Llanddewi; D. A. Jones, Llangeitho; J. Bowen, Bont; T. Mason Jones, Ysbytty; R. Roderick, Swyddffynon; T. Watkins, Tregaron; Dr. Rees, Bronant; J. Owen, Blaenpennal; H. Lloyd, Bwlch- i llau; J. Evans, Abermeurig; J. Rowlands, Lam- peter; J. Evans, Lampeter; T. R. Morgan, Tylone; T, Davies, Llanfair; and J. Jones, Lampeter Mr. Bankes Price, architect; Mr. John Evans, builder; members of the Local Governing Body and of the school staff. The only speaking at the luncheon were the graces pronounced before by the Rev. D. L. Davies, Vicar of Tregaron, and after by the Rev. Morgan Evans (C.M.) The company then proceeded to the new buildings in procession, its order being as follows :-Police, under Sapt. Phillips, the Tregaron Brass Band, conductor Mr. David Thomas, the girl members of the school, the boy members, the Headmaster and school staff, Governors of the school, members of the County Governing Body, gentlemen^ wearing academicals, ladies and een- tlemen belonging to the list of guests, and the general public. Arriving at the school the boys and girls formed up in line on each side of the doorway as a guard of honour. Very little time was occupied in the opening of the school. Mr. Bankes Price (architect) presented to Mrs. Davies-Evans a silver gilt key, bearing the inscription Tregaron County School, opened May 26, presented to Mrs. Davies-Evans." Mrs. Davies-Evans gracefully unlocked the door, uttered the words, I have very great pleasure in declaring this school open," and the ceremony, as a ceremony, was over. Those present walked round the buildings, and expressed satisfaction at their excellence. There were two mottos in fhp central hall, Welcome," and Mewn llafur mae J elw." I THE PUBLIC MEETlNb. I THE PUBLIC MEETINu. After the inspection a public meeting was he in the Board School near, which was found all too small for the crowded audience, which overflowed into porch and classroom. To relieve the tedium of waiting until the chairman and speakers ap- peared, these present sang God save the Queen "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau," "The March of the Men of Harlech," and others of the like. Mr. William Jones, the chairman of the Local Governing Body, presided, being supported by Mrs. Davies Evans, Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P., Mr. J. C. Harford (Falcondale), Col. Davies Evans, and the members of the Local Governing Body and the County Governing Body. The Chairman having voiced his regret at the enforced absence of Principal Roberts of Aber- ystwyth, and announced letters of apology from Lord Lisburne, Mr. and Mrs. Waddingham, and Mr. Wilmot Jones, Derry Ormond, went on to say that the Tregaron County School was the youngest of its kind in the county of Cardigan. In fact it was the baby county school, and Dr. Lloyd, who sat by his side on the platform, had a lot to do in bringing the baby into existence (laughter), as no doubt he had had with a good many other babies (renewed laughter). They hoped that the baby would thrive and grow strong, until it had ulti- mately become one of the strongest and most useful county schools in Cardiganshire (loud applause), The school came into existence on May 17th, 1897, that was about two years ago. The Governors were very fortunate to get temporary accommodation at the Town Hall, and on the whole the temporary buildings had answered their purpose very well, but lately it was becoming more and more evident that better accommodation was needed. That day the new school, which had ample accommodation, was being opened. Their dreams were realised (applause). The number of pupils at the school during the first term the school was opened was thirty-eight, second term fifty, third seventy-one, fourth sixty, fifth sixty-two, and the sixth, that was the last term, seventy-two (loud applause). These figures "showed that the baby was a very healthy child and that there were signs of its further development (hear, hear). There had been al- together in the school since its opening 126 pupils. It was rather to be regretted that fifty-one had left in the space of two years. The fact of so many leaving was a distinct disadvantage to the teaching staff. Of course, they could not compel children to continue at the school, or compel their parents to send them. In fact, some parents could not afford to send their children for mere than one term, others for two terms, and others for three terms. It would be of incalculable benefit, not only to the pupils, but to the school if parents could let them stay at the school for at least three or four terms. They could not blame the parents for taking them away, but let the parents do their best so as to make the school one of the successful schools of Cardiganshire and of Wales. A number of pupils who had been at the school had already started their career as bank clerks, whilst others were following a commercial career. This fact showed that the school had already proved of some service (applause). In the last science and art axamination in mathematics and chemistry all the candidates from the school had been successful with the result that they received between R,60 and Z70 as a grant (applause). It was a grant, by the bye, hardly earned by any school in the kingdom in the first year of its existence. The reports of the Central Welsh Board and of Mr. Owen Owen, the chief inspector, on the work of the past year were also most encouraging. At the new school the teaching staff, who had -done so well in the temporary buildings, would be able to continue their successful instruction under more comfortable circumstances. The new building was fitted up in the best Birmingham style (laughter and applause, and a call for Three cheers for Birmingham.") He was sure they were good if the fittings came from Birmingham (renewed laughter). The pupils would also be now in a position to play football, cricket, hockey, and other athletic games without undue inconvenience (cheers). The Governors of the school were anxious to have the co-operation of the parents as much as possible. He had one goo(I aniiotincernelit to make. The authorities in London made it a condition that before they could commence building a school in Tregaron they would have to find £1.000 and a freehold site which meant another £ 150. It was c;ecre(d that T hw would have to collect P,1,150 or graran (e that sum be ore they could proceed with the school
I TREGARON INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL. I At the commencement he (Mr. Jones) was opposed to the idea, believing that Tregaron should amalgamate with Ystrad Meurig. He then thought that the children of Tregaron would be better able to secure secondary education at the Ystrad Meurig School. But circumstances, or fate if they would have it, went against his view. He ultimately saw that the people were determined to have a county school at Tregaron, and he then decided to throw in his lot with the people of Tregaron. He had never been sorry that he had done so (cheers). Every person had the privilege to change his mind, and in his case it was not a bad change, inasmuch as it was a change from a point of disadvantage to a point of advantage (lotid armlauseV The announcement. which he had to make was this: all the money required-9,1,150 —was in hand, and they had the great satifaction of opening the school entirely free of debt (applause). The furniture, apparatus, and fittings were all paid for, and after paying for the school and the fittings, etc., they had still money in hand (loud applause). They were opening the schcol under the most satisfactory conditions, and it was to be hoped that it was but an augury of the future success of the school educationally. If it would be as successful as he wished it to be then all would be well, and there would be no need for grumbling (loud applause). A PRACTICAL VIEW. Mr. Emlyn Jones, headmaster of the Penuch Elementary School, who was the next speaker, hoped that the relations of the elementary schools of the Tregaron district with the county school would be always of a cordial nature. Unless they co-operated and assisted one another, he feared that the county school would not be so successful as it would be otherwise. He appealed to the ratepayers present that day not to forget the elementary schools. Let them not grudge paying a small amount in rates towards elementary schools, be- cause their children had to spend hours daily at those schools which were often inconvenient, un- comfortable, unclean, and in fact, a disgrace to the district in which they were situated. At present, it was hard to make parents realise the advantages their children would secure in the matter of edu- cation if they paid a little more in rates. The cry was, Keep down the rates at any cost." Let them look at the matter from a practical point of view. The children of every working man could not go to the intermediate school, and it behoved them to do all in their power to make the elementary schools clean and healthy for their children, and to provide them with the best education possible (hear, hear, and applause). Parent sometimes sent their children to secondary schools in order to prepare them for a scholastic career- that was, to make gentlemen of them. They sent them without trying to find out if there was anything in their heads (laughter). That was a great mistake. Before one could hope to be successful at an intermediate school or at college, he or she must have something in his or her head, and be prepared to work indefatigably. In conclusion, he hoped that the elementary schools of the district and the county school would co- operate with one another, and thus, as he had said before, add in a great measure to the success of the county school (loud applause). Having expressed his pleasure at Mr. Jcnes' practical way of dealing with the question he had touched, the Chairmaa called on Mr. Vaughan Davies, A PROPER SYSTEM OF EDUCATION. Mr. Vaughan Davies said that first of all he had the pleasant duty of congratulating the people of Tregaron upon that excellent school. They had a building suitable in every way to the requirements of that neighbourhood and he was also very glad to hear that they had paid for that school (cheers). It was to the enormous credit of a district like Tregaron that the inhabitants should have provided such a building out of their own resources, they having no rich men among them. (" We have one.") If there was a reason for the nrovision of thp means of education in their midst it was provided by the fact that the people were willing to pay for education (hear, hear). Nevertheless, educa- tion was a matter which the people of Cardigan- shire must look in the face; but before he dwelt on that point he would observe that, looking around, he could not at first. find a football or cricket field attached to the school. He consid- ered that athletic exercises were as important as important as any part of education. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy (cheers). He, therefore, would contribute P.5 to provide the school with the apparatus for cricket and hockey (loud cheers). In his remarks they must allow j him to take a broader view than of the county cf Cardigan only and to refer to the position of Great Britain as a wealthy and educated nation. People were apt to think that England was as well educated as she was wealthy. It was true that she was foremost among the wealthy nations of the world; but it was true that she did not stand among the best educated nations in the world while with regard to Wales, Wales stood eighth or ninth in the matter of education. Scotland came first in Great Britain, England second, and Wales third, just before Ireland, ard there were statistics to show that during the election thirty or forty per cent. of the Irish people were illiter- ates. Therefore the position of Wales as an educated nation was a very deplorable one. They must face those difficulties, and he was determined as long as he was a member for Cardiganshire she should not recede in any way and certainly in the matter of education (hear, hear). But bad as Wales was educationally, Cardiganshire at the present moment stood lowest of any county in Wales. In their wiping off the debt of that school there was evidence that the people were willing to pay for education. The College of ALerystwyth was evidence again that not only Cardiganshire but the whole of Wales was willing to pay for education. Why, then, was it that Cardiganshire stood in that deplorable position ? lie would tell them. He had figures there before him which should be hung up in every schcol in Cardiganshire and be in the possession of every school board member. The reason why Cardigan- shire stood so low in the roll of education was be- cause the school boards of Cardiganshire did not do their duty, and he was not afraid of standing up and telling them so. Their first duty was to see that the children were educated and that could not be done until the general public saw to it that the school boards were properly constituted (hear, hear). They knew well that at a school board election it was not the question whether a candi- date understood education or net. It was a ques- tion entirely of denomination or creed (shame). If the candidate sat a little nearer the pulpit than another man he at once wanted to sound his popu- larity in the neighbourhood and came out for a seat on the school board, He then went round the district and told the people that they paid the schoolmaster £100 a year salary, and he was not worth it. That man's brains might not be worth P,10 a year, but if a schoolmaster was worth any- thing he was worth P.100 a year, because he had in his hands, to a great extent, the future of the children entrusted to his teach- ing. If the schoolmaster was discouraged and stinted, and had the energy knocked out of him, it was not only bad for the schoolmaster, but it was bad for the district; and that he (Mr. Davies) believed was the foundation for the present very miserable condition of Cardiganshire in regard to education (hear, hear). A second candidate found another card to play off on the electors. He found that the school attendance officer received the magnificent salary of Z6 or £7 a year, and at once went to the electors with the cry, Put me on the School Board and I give the school attend- ance officer £ 3 (laughter and hear, hear). What, however, were the people who returned such men to school boards doing ? They were wronging the schools, they were wronging the schoolmaster, and they were wronging their own children; because they could get neither good schools nor good school- masters without they paid adequate salaries and provided efficient equipment, and the schoolmaster could not teach the children unless the attend- ance officer was paid a salary sufficient to enable him to efficiently discharge his impor- tant duties (cheers). Cardiganshire stood lowest on the list of school boards in Wales. The ex- penditure per scholar was £1 14s. lid., whereas in Merionethshire it was £2 5s. lOd. In Cardigan- shire, the education of each child cost the rate- payers less than it cost in Merionethshire or Montgomeryshire. What was the meaning of that ? It was, of course, cheap and nasty. They could not get cheap labour in education, or at least, if they did get cheap labour in education, it was the worst possible kind of labour. If they wanted good education, they must be willing to pay for it. Then they could get the best men and would be in a position to say to those men, If you do not do your duty, you must go." (Hear, hear.) He said that none of the schoolmasters of Cardiganshire were overpaid. In fact, they were not properly paid, nor were they properly treated in having accorded them the social position which their profession demanded. (Hear, hear.) Those points, he believed, were worthy the consideration of every member of school boards in the county. Cardiganshire again had the weakest staffed schools in England or Wales. Fifty-five per cent. of the teachers were composed of unskilled teachers and apprentices. Anglesey came next with a percentage of forty-eight unskilled teachers and apprentices. What was the consequences ? If they had a weak staff they could not turn the children out into the world properly equipped with the weapons of education and they were not fit for the battle of life. (Hear, hear.) Another point was the matter of school attendance. Magistrates were often told they did not do their duty. As a magistrate himself he was always willing to put the law into force, but the cases were constantly brought before the magistrates in such a way as to make it impossible for the magistrates to convict- The reason tor that was that the attendance officer had his hands full with some other occupation. He was an assistant overseer or something of that sort and when he thought he had nothing else to do he looked after the attendance of the children. That was not the right way to secure good attendance at school. (Hear; hear.) The meeting would perhaps naturally, then, ask him If you condemn the pre- sent system, what system would you wish to sub- stitute in its place 7" In reply to that lie would say that he hoped to see the day when school board areas would be abolished, and the county' area put in its place-when the schoolmaster would not he under the thumb of Tom, Dick, and Harry. but under a county board—(cheers)—when he would be free to carry on the work of education in the best way in order to secure the best results when the matter of school attendance could be properly dealt with; and when the school atten- dance officer would not be threatened with all kinds of penalties if he summoned a farmer's child for not attending school. That was a question which should not be looked upon casually, but a question concerning the highest welfare of the people. The past history of Cardiganshire showed that its people were able to hold their own with the people of any other county in Wales in natural ability, but in regard to education—there they were with the whole of Wales, at the bottom of all the nations in the United Kingdom except Ireland. He had there before him a return prepared by Mr. Legard, the chief inspector for Wales, in which he said that all through Wales wherever he went, people were willing and anxious to promote educa- tion." Why, then, did they fall below the other nations of the United Kingdom ? He (Mr. Vaughan Davies) believed it was in consequence of school boards thinking more cf saving rates than of educating children (hear, hear). If they only thought of it, the saving of a few pence in stinting education was as mistaken as it was mischievous, because if they turned out a lot of ignorant men and women who were little better than the cattle they fed they would be turning out people who would be of little value in their day and genera- tion, who would also find difficulty in maintaining themselves (hear). He could mention several instances where Cardiganshire men were doing remarkably well in spite of that great disadvantage under which they laboured. A little while ago he went into one of the largest shops in Paris and came across a man therein who could not only speak French, but English and German, and was in receipt of at least Z300 cr £ 40U a year. When he told the man where to send the purchases it turned out that that man was a native cf Cardigan- shire. He had attained that position, rot because of any educational advantages he had received in Cardiganshire, but because of his natural ability and because he happened to enter upon a com- mercial life which led him into that position (cheers). He hoped that in future the county would not be content to be dragged at the tail of education, or even coerce the masters to teach what would bring in most money to assist the rates, but that they would be up and doing and would insist upon the best educatson being given to their children. Do not let them put their master in a financial position in which he would have to worry whether he could meet his grocer or his baker. but let them put him in a position where he cvuld devote the best energies of his life to the im- portant work with which he was entrusted. More- over, in future, when school boards were elected let them select men who believed in education and would not scrimp it, but would do their duty to the teachers on the one hand and the pupils en the other, having regard at the same time to the general welfare of the country (cheers). Ilavin" said that he experienced difficulty in getting Cardiganshire boys who applied to him into situations in London, because they had not been trained to commercial or mercantile life, Mr. Davies said it was to be regretted that though Cardiganshire had so extensive a seaboard naviga- tion was not taught in any of the county schools. Boys, in fact, were not fitted by the education they at present received tr, take their place in com- mercial and other departments of life. In that connection, he was glad to see that the London University, which hitherto had been an examining body, would now become a teaching university with a location at the Imperial Institute. He was also pleased tc find that one department would be devoted to commercial education (hear, hear). lIe hoped those who looked after the intermediate schools of Cardiganshire would look after that department and i take good use of it. The British people had been told by a great Frenchman that they were a nation of shopkeepers, and yet they had never done anything educationally to maintain their shops, and to extend their business. If, then, th. intermediate schools uf Cardiganshire took that matter of commercial education up it would, ir. his opinion, be far better than imparting what was called a general education. He did not believe in general education. A general education was all very well for men who had Leen born with a silver spoon in their mouths; but for a man who had to earn his bread by doing a certain work it was better that he should be trained while in school how to perform that work in the most perfect and skilful manner (hear, hear). Then a word as to poaching. He hoped, on the one hand, that the intermediate schools would not poach on the elementary schools for scholars, and, on the other, that the colleges would not poach on the intermediate schools. lie hoped the boys would not leave elementary schools until they were well grounded' in elementary education, nor leave intermediate schools before they had received adequate intermediate training. That was one of the fears lie had for intermediate schools-that they would encroach upon the domain of the elementary schools (cheers). The Cardi had the reputation of being able to hold his own in the past with the people of Wales or of England. Give him the advantages of edncation and he would be able to hold his own with the people of any nationality in the world (loud cheers). THE SPIRIT AND THE BODY. The Rev. Rhys Morgan, Llanddewi, afterwards spoke, and said if a county school was required in any part of Wales it was required in Tregaron, and it had pleased the Almighty to grant them that which they wished. The good people of Tregaron, including Mr. Jones (the Tost Office), Mr. Peter Williams, Mr. Lloyd (Pant), and many others, had been urged by a spectre, as it were, which hovered around the neighbourhood until that which it re- quired was provided. The spirit had also hovered round their good chairman, who at first appeared to be going in the direction of Ystrad Meurig, but ultimately he was led by the spectre to Tregaron (loud applause). That spectre was the feeling within them that there was need of a school to teach secondary education to the children of Tre- garon. Every spirit must have a body, and the body consisted of the Tregaron Intermediate School which had been declared open that day by Mrs. Davies-Evans, Highmead (cheers). The school, although hampered through being held in tem- porary premises, had already done gcod work, and the success of the school was due in a very large degree to the excellent teaching staff (applause). Mr. Lewis, the headmaster, and his colleagues were to be highly congratulated. They had thrown themselves into their work with a will, and their energy and perseverance had made for the school a name. The fact that there were seventy-five pupils in temporary buildings spoke volumes for the work dene by the teaching staff. He urged upon the assemblage three things. Firstly, let them believe in education. He had heard some members of the old school say that education had been the curse of Wales; in fact, they said it was the greatest curse that had fallen on Wales during the past generation (" shame"). These people failed to see the advantages of education. The enlightened and intelligent people present that day knew of the benefits of education and had sacrificed themselves in no small way in its behalf. Let them not taunt the people who believed not in education, but let them try to win them round to see its incalculable advantages (applause). Secondly, he wished all present to speak well of the county school at all times. The difficulties which they would have to contend with should not deter them, but should spur them to greater effort, because what they did would be of value to their children. By supporting the county school parents would be paving the road to higher education for their children. Thirdly, let them do their best to send their children to the county school, and to keep them there as long &3 possible. If those three points were observed, he ventured to prophesy that in twenty years the county school of Tregaron would have scored more successes than even the most sanguine of its present supporters dreamed of (loud applause). FINISH—NOT VENEER. Principal Rcbb said he had been about the vari- ous places in Wales speaking in reference to inter- mediate education, and had come more or less to the conclusion that he had said all he bad to say. Nevertheless, he was reminded of a ship's chaplain who preached a sermon three times in succession to the same congregation, and when asked for a change, replied that when he saw that the sermon he was preaching was taking effect, he would begin to prepare a new one (laughter). So with regard to what was said about education. It took some time before what was said began to take effect (renewed laughter). Two points, however, he wished to speak upon—one in regard to education in general and the other in regard to education in particular. As in regard to many other excellent ideas so in regard to education-they often started on wrong tracks. Ideas entered the mind and difficulties began with practice. That week they were face to face with one of the greatest ideas that had ever been before the world in recent times. He referred to the idea oi disarmament. There was no one present who did not wish prac- tical results from the peace conference—(hear, hear)—but when once it was sought to put ideas tnto practice, difficulties began (hear, hear). So in education. In education, it seemed to him, there were two fairly obvious dangers—the first, the danger of trying to educate everybody for the same purpose; the second, the danger of exagger- ating the benefits of knowledge. In regard to the first point, lie might illustrate his meaning by say- ing that if a man spent P.1 on iron and converted it into horseshoes, the iron would be worth L2. If they took the same amount of iron and made it into needles, it would be worth £ 70. If they took it and converted it into penknives, it would be worth £ 700; and if they made it into watch- springs, it would be worth £ 50,000. Some cf them were so very tender that they did not all want to be made into watchsprings and yet he was afraid there was a tendency in that direction. (hear, hear). With regard to the exaggeration of the benefits of knowledge-he was not speaking of education, but of knowledge-there were people who thought that if a person knew everything he was thereby a sort of finished article. People should, however, see that there was something besides getting a certain number of facts into their minds. If they could educate a person and make him a better citizen of the world, then they would be educating him; but if they were merely cram- ming certain facts into a boy's mind, then they were not educating him. Let no one go away with the idea that education would do all that was required for a person without religion of some kind. He was not speaking of one form of religion or another, but he wished to emphasise the fact that education alone would not make good citizens without religion (hear, hear). Treating education as a house of three stories, he feared there was a present danger in Wales of the intermediate storey being fouii,l, n the ground fl /Or as well as a darrer of trying tu build all their houses with three stjreys whereas there were many hcuses of two storeys which answered excellently the purposes for which they were wanted. There was a danger of making every one look forward to going frjm the intermediate school to one -f the universities, He should dissuade a number of people frcm going on to a university. The intermediate school, in many cases, would stand between the schvcl and practical life, and therefore it was essential that the education imparted in intermediate schools, while not being mere veneer, should be to the extent of it a finished education (hear). Principal Bebb concluded his remarks by congratulating the people cf Tregaron on the opening of their school, adding that he was glad they had opened it out of debt because he wished to begin collecting sub- scriptions himself (laughter). THE VALUE OF EDUCATION. The Rev. John Jones, headmaster of St. John's School, wished the new intermediate school every success. Proceeding, he spoke of the great benefits of a good education and of the disadvantage under which men like Mr. William Jones and the late Mr. David Davies, Llandinam, had suffered owing to the absence of the present facilities for educa- tion, in their struggle in life. They had succeeded, it was true, there were great exceptions to the rule, and he was sure that were Mr. William Jones allowed to start his youth again the first thing he would do would be to place himself in a good school and go thence to college and perhaps to colleges so that he night drink of the fountains of knowledge (cheers). He once heard Mr. David Davies say to the late headmaster of the Ystrad Meuris School. You have learning. I have money. Do you know, I would give all my money for learning, but it is too late. If I became young again and I had plenty of money, I would place myself in the best school and I would beat every man Jack in that school (cheers). I would then go to the best college and beat every man Jack there." He well remembered those words and the manner in which they were spoken. In everysyllalle and sentence by this strong-minded, determined character flashed forth his great admiration and respect for educa- tion. Having referred to the life of Edward Richards who, in the face of tremendous difficulties, rose to be a classical scholar of the first grade and the most successful teacher Wales ever saw, the sneaker concluded by congratulating the youth of tl,'at age oil the great opportunities they had within their reach (cheers). MORE GOOD ADVICE. Mr. J. C. Harford said they had listened to a lot of very learned speeches that day and he believed the reason the Chairman called upon him to speak was in order to present before them a really ignorant man. (Laughter,) Much had been said there that day concerning education, but he, as a layman, felt very proud of the part Wales had taken in educational matters. Mr. Vaughan Davies had referred to the position Wales held in the educational world. One thing shjuld I-)e remembered, and that was that the Intermediate Echication Act was the spontaneous effort of the whole of the Welsh nation and that England was nAw following in the footsteps of Wales in that direction. (Cheers.) He concurred with the suggestion that had been put forward that when children were sent to intermediate schools their parents should make up their minds upon the careers the children were intended to follow, so that they could receive the education which would best fit them to fulfil those careers. In Norway, a county somewhat resembling Wales, all the people were bound to learn two foreign languages, and either German or English was compulsory. Though he knew that in some parts of Wales it was treason to speak anything rut Welsh, he urged the youth of Wales to endeavour to acquire twu foreign languages and to stick to what they learnt until its use became easy. If they did that, intermediate education would be a great advantage to them and to the Welsh nation /1_ L_ TT- -1_J" "4. uear, Lieur). ne concunei i wiin jfrincipai Uebb in thinking that those who did not intend going on to the university colleges should fit themselves for the careers they intended following. He ap- proved of the provision of workshops, laboratories, and laundries, and assured them, as chairman of the County Technical Instruction Committee, of the desire of that body to promote technical education in the county in finding rooms in which to give technical instruction. Those excellent buildings having been provided at Tregaron, he hoped the Governors would make a generous use of them, so that lectures might be given to the people of the district. Tregaron had now got good schools, well equipped and free from debt, and he hoped that they would be used to the best possible advantage of the people and of the country (applause). The Chairman said Professor Williams, Lam- peter College, the Rev. Thomas James, Llandyssul, Mr. J. H. Davies, Cwrtmawr, and Colonel Davies- Evans would have been called upon to speak, but owing to the time having gone, the meeting would have to be brought to a close. He should have liked very much to hear those gentlemen, but they had to forego the pleasure of hearing them until another day. He had one very pleasant duty to perform. It was to move a vote of thanks to Mrs. Davies-Evans for her great kindness in coming to Tregaron to open their school (loud cheers). Mr. J. II. Davies, Cwrtmawr, seconded the pro- position, remarking that it was very kind of Colonel Davies-Evans and Mrs. Davies-Evans to come to Tregaron (cheers). The proposition was carried amid further cheer- ing by the boys. )r. Lloyd, Tregaron, afterwards proposed a vote of thanks to the Chairman. Mr. Jones had sup- ported the movement for establishing an inter- mediate school in Wales in a most magnanimous manner. He had subscribed E100 to the funds, and had gone to the expense of entertaining all those present at the ceremony that day. Mr. Jones was one of the Welshmen who had heartily sup- ported the advancement of education and other good causes. He had subscribed £ 1,000 to the Aberystwyth College, P,1,000 to the Bala Theological College, P.1,000 to the Methodist Foreign Mission at Khassia Hills, India, £ 1,000 to the Welsh Methodist Chapel at Birmingham, and P,1,000 to the new university at Birmingham (applause). He might also say that the collectors for subscriptions towards the school bad heed well received by the majority of the inhabitants of Tregaron. Except in three or four cases he had had a favourable reception at all the places he visited (applause). Three hearty cheers were then accorded to Mr. Jones and after For he's a jolly good fellow bad been sung, cheers were given for Mrs. Jones. The Chairman said he was not deserving of the kind expressions given uttterance to by Dr. Lloyd. He could not understand where Dr. Lloyd had got those iigures. He did not care for such publicity, being a believer in the principle Let not your left hand know what your right hand doeth." It gave him the greatest pleasure to be of some assistance to the school and they could rely upon his doing all he could do in the future (loud cheers). The meeting concluded with more cheers for Mr. William Jones, Mrs. Jones, and Mrs. Davies-Evans. Whilst luncheon was being partaken at the Town Hall, the pupils and ex-pupils of the schools, and of the evening continuation classes, with their parents, were entertained to tea, at the expense of Mr. William Jones, at the National School. The members of the band were also invited. Between 500 and 600 responded to the invitation. The tables were presided over by Mrs. Jones, Post Office Mrs. Morgans, Workhouse; Mrs. Williams, Rrenig View; Mrs. Jones, Emporium; Mrs J. P. Rees, Doldre Mrs. Edwards, Pentre Miss Lloyd, Penvbont: Miss Evans. Wprni, MM --A T 4.01. P, 'LL"I.L'" aJILt Miss Jenkins, Compton House; Mrs. Evans, Chapel-street; and Mrs. Jones, Chapel-street. On the proposition of Mr. T. H. Davies, the senior boy, seconded by Miss Sally Davies, the senior girl, a hearty vote of thanks was accorded Mr. and Mrs. William Jones for their generosity. Most cf the pupils were on the station platform when the visitors let, and the cheerin- was there repeated. °
WELSH COUNTY SCHOOLS. HEAD TEACHERS' ASSOOIATION The annual meetings of the head masters and mistresses of the Ccunty Intermediate Schools of Wales and Monmouthshire were held at Llandrin- dod Wells on Friday right and Saturday morning. -Mr. R. W, Jones, trelligar, presided over a large attendance. The Aisociation was received by a deputation from tlt- LIandrindod Wells Urban District Council, andtlie chairman of the Council, Mr. Hurst, read an address of welcome.-The Chairman, after tharking the deputation, moved that the Association express its sense of the in- valuable services rendired to the cause of educa- tion in Wales in all itEhrances by the late Mr. T. E. Ellis, M.P., in the inception, formation, and establishment of seondary schools, to which task he brought wile experience and whole- hearted devotion.—Mr. Russell, Wrexham, seconded the motion and it was adopted.- Mr. Thomas, Llanfaii moved that Mr. Russell, Wrexham, be elected president of the Associa- tion.—This was secondd by the hon. secretary, Mr. Trevor llwen, Cararvon, and adopted.—Mr. Jenkyn Thcmas, Aberdre, moved the re-election of Mr. W. Lewis, Llanely, as hon. treasurer.—Mr. E. Madoc Jones, Beaumris, seconded the motion, and it was carried.—Orthe motion of Mr. Phil- lips, Newport, secomed by Mr. Lewis, Mr. Trevor Owen was re-eleted. hon. secretary.—The Secretary, in reply, siid the Association was rapidly rowing, and ws uidoubtedly doing good work and becoming a forte ii Wales, and it was like- ly tc prTve itself a far g-caer force in future.-Mr. n. W. Jones, Mr. Dawes,Penbroke Dock, and Miss Benger, Swarsea, were elcetkl en the Executive Com- mittee.—The Executive Cimmittee recommended that the annual meeting )f ,he Association be held during the Easter term, tia the annual meeting be held at Llandrindod WelLsthat a meeting be held in the Christmas term, tht, the meeting in the Christmas term be held altrnately in North and South Wales, that Chester Ie recommended as a suitable town for holding te Christmas meeting, and that in the case of htd masters it is not desirable that a pension sneme should contain provisions for retirement, o)ional or compulsory, at an earlier age than 60 and that a pension equivalent to about one half,f the average salary cf the preceeding five years ould be sufficient.- All the recommendations vre adopted.—Some discussion took place on thftraining of teachers and on a paper by Mr. J. J. Fdlay, Cardiff, on the cultivation of civic sentimentnd patriotism in the school.
List of some of te principal places wbre H Cb Ulelsbsazette" is sold: ABERYSTWYTH. ABERAYRON. ABERDOVEY. ABERGYNOLWYN. ABERLLEFENNY. ABEKARTH. ARTHOG. BALA. BARMOUTH. BLAENAU FESTINIOG. BORTH. Bow STREET. BANGOR. CARDIGAN. CARMARTHEN. CARNARVON CEMMES. CELLAN. CORRIS. CORWEN. CRICCIETH. CWMYSTWYTH. CRIBYN. DOLGELLEY. DINAS MAWDDWY. DERRY ORMOND. DIHEWYD. DYFFRYN. EGLWYSFACH. GOGINAN. HARLECH. LAMPETER. LLANFARIAN. LLANWNEN. LLANWENOG. LLANARTH. LLANDDEWI. LLANGEITHO. LLEDROD. LLANILAB. LLANON. LLANBEDB. LLANGYBI. LLANYBYTHEB. LLANDYSSUL. LLANBRYNMAIB. LLANRHYSTYD. LLANUWCHLLYN. LLWYNGWRIL. MACHYNLLETH. MINFFORDD. NEWCASTLE EMLYN. NEWQUAY. PENNAL. PONT LLANIO. PONTRHYDFENDIGAID. PONTRHYDYGROES. PENRHYNDEUDRAETH.. PORTMADOC. PENLLWYN. PONTERWYD. PENRHYNCOCH. TALYBONT. TREGARON. TALSARN. TALSARNAU. TOWYN. YSTRAD. Y SPYTTY Y STWYTH LONDON. LIVERPOOL. F MANCHESTER. -c. FOR THE LEADING pAINTING, jpLUMBTNG, & DECORATIVE B USLYESS FOR ABERYSTWYTH AND MID-WALES DISTRICT, GO TO R. PEAKE., B ATIl STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. THOMAS ELLIS, 33 AND 35, TERRACE ROAD. (OPPOSITA THB POST OI?FIC»). FANCY DRAPERY. MILLINERY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. SPECIALITBS-LACES, RIBBONS & MUSLHTS. T. E. has just returned from TnnA- with New Styles in all Branches of Millinery and Drapery. — W. R. JONES, WATCHMAKER, JEWELLER, &C., 32, GREAT DARKGATE ST., ABERYSTWYTH. A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF JEWELLERY in Gold, Silver, and Pebble Suitable for Presents, &c. ALSO LADIES' AND GENTS' GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES. SPECTACLES AND EYE-GLASSES TO SUIT ALL SIGHTS. A GOOD ASSORTMENT OF w EDDLNG, KEEPER, &G E'U ]ftlN-GS; D. JONES, IGII CLASS TAILOR, CHALYBEATE (gTREET, ABERYSTWYTH. GENTLEMEN'S JJUNTING & SHOOTING i SUITS. BREECHES A SPECIALITY. LIVERIES. n IGH-CLASS J^ADIES' TAILOR-MADE COSTUMES Made by Experienced Workmen on the premises. :&.w JOHN LLOYD & SONS, TOWN CRIERS, BILL POSTERS & DISTRIBUTORS, HAVE the largest number of most prominent JtJL Posting Stations in allnart,, nf A h"1. and District. Having lately purchased the business and stations of Aberystwyth Advertising and General Bill Posting Stations, they are able to take laree contracts of every description. £ lfr. 1°0 Stations in the Town and District. Official Bill Posters to the Town and County Coun- cils, G.W.R. Co., Cambrian Railway Co., all the Auctioneers of the Town and District, and other Public Bodies. Private Address— 18, SKINNER STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. Dentistry. ESTABLISHED 40 YEARS. MESSRS MUIiPHY & ROWLEY, SURGEON DENTISTS, Honorary Dentists to the Aberystwyth Infirmary and [ Cardiganshire General Hospital. ADDRESS— 54 TERRACE ROAD, A BERYSTWYTH IVfTl. ROWLEY begs to announce that he is now J.TJL able to undertake Gold and all other Fillings Crowns, Bridge-work and all the latest improvements in Modern Dentistry. Artificial Teeth in the latest English and American Styles. TEETH EXTRACTED PAINLESSLY UNDER GAS. Mr R. visits Machynlleth, Towyn, Aberayron, Tre- garon and Lampeter. Patients can be attended to any day at Aber- ystwyth. All at the most Moderate Charges. Full particulars on application. 1. LOVEDAY, PLUMBER, PAINTER, GLAZIER, GAS-FITTER, 17, QUEEN STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. HUGH DATIES S I COUGH MIXTUBE | NO MORE Difficulty of Breathing* NO JHORB Sleepless Nighta. f. NO MORE Diatressiag Cough*. [ DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for COUGHS DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for COLDS f DAVTES'3 OOUGH MIXTURE for ASTHMA E H DAVIES'S OOUGH MIXTURE for BRONCHITIS f ■ DAVIESS OOUGB MIXTURE for HOARS BITE SB Sg DAVIESS COUGH MIXTURE for rNFLUBHZA 1 DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for COLDS B DAVIES'S OOUGH MIXTURE for COUGHS f K DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE for SORE THROAT Sj DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE—Most Soothing R DAVIES'S OOUGH MIXTURE warms the Chast H DAVIES'S OOUGH MIXTURE dlaaolvse the Phlegm S DAVIES'S OOUGH MIXTURE—for SINGE IS M DAVIES'S COUGH MIXTURE—for PUBLIC | DAVlfeyS COUGH MIXTURE SPEAKERS H THE GRJDAT WELSH RSBMBDT. D 13,id. and 2;9 Bottles. Sold Everywhere. 8 Sweeter than Honey. Children like it. 1 HUGH DAVIES, Chpmlst, MACHYNLLETH.