SCHOOL ATTENDANCE. By far the best utterance we have yet had on the vexed question of school attendance in Wales is that of Mr. DARLINGTON at the Mid-Cardiganshire Educational Conference on Saturday. We have from the commence- ment devoted considerable space to the dis- cussion of this question, and this week again we publish a full report of the debate in the House of -Lords, and the deliberations of the Conference at Felinfach. Mr. DARLINGTON pointed out that the reports of the examiners of the intermediate schools had been a rude awakening to them in Wales. These had shewn them that for some reason or other the state of elementary education in Wales was not what it ought to be. There was something out of order in the system. We have been told that in comparison with Eng- land and Scotland, Wales comes out a bad third in point of attendance. But there was nothing new in that, said Mr. DARLING- TON. Public opinion in Wales was not so enlightened on these matters as it was in Scotland, and the history of the two countries would explain the difference. The Welsh system of education has only been completed within recent years, while Scot- land has enjoyed the advantages of a Univer- sity and good schools for nearly five aentouries. But if Wales came out a bad third in attendance she was far ahead in other phases of education. At the Confer- ence on Saturday it was resolved to adopt the Model Bye-Laws of the Education De- partment, without a half-time clause, and with Standard V, or any standard above that as the standard of exemption. It remains to be seen how this scheme will work with- out the half-time clause. The half-time system is, no doubt, a great disadvantage to the children from the educational point of view; and experience has shown that the half-timer soon falls behind other school children in educational progress. In mov- ing the second reading of the Education of Children Bill in the House of Lords on Friday, Viscount KNUTSFORD said that it must be admitted, from experience in this country and on the Continent, that the half- time system was absolutely necessary, both in manufacturing and in agricultural dis- tricts. But there was a great distinction between the case of children in agricultural districts and those in manufacturing dis- tricts and that distinction had been met by a provision in the Bill which provided that the local authority for any district might by by-law for any parish within their district fix thirteen years as the minimum age for exemption from school attendance in the case of children to be employed in agri- culture, and that in such parish such children over eleven and under thirteen years of age who had passed the standard fixed for partial exemption from school at- tendance by the bye-laws of the local authority should not be required to attend school more than 250 times in any year. This provision only dealt with agricultural districts; and only applied to cases where the age of exemption had been raised by local authorities to the age of thirteen. Vis- count KNUTSFORD said that the adoption of a scheme in Germany and Switzerland under which children were allowed to work in summer and attend school in winter had worked most admirably, and in certain dis- tricts in those countries the exemption age was as high as fourteen, fifteen, and even sixteen years. The child did not lose any schooling, and it got two winters' schooling for one summer's play. By this system the parents would obtain the earnings of their children, who would be working legitimately for a period of the year and be saved the annoyance of visits from a school attendance officer. The adoption of this system would also be of great advantage to ahe farmers, for they would get assistance just at the busy period of the year. The proviso had been very carefully considered by the Education Department and by experienced officials of that Department, who saw no reason why it should not be passed. We are glad to find that the agitatior:for a better attendance at schools is already bearing fruit, and it is to be hoped that the new Association will have a successful career. The forthcoming visit of Dr. MACNAMARA to the county should also prove a stimulus, and bear good results.
Business Notices. SALE OF HIGH-CLASS LEATHER GOODS. GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE. LADIES' AND GENTS' PURSES. CARD, WRITING, & LETTER CASES. WALLETS, AND POCKET BOOKS, LADIES' HANDBAGS, &C. L ATE S T DES I G N S. ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES GYDE, PHOTOGRAPHER, PIER STREET. MRS. J. W. THOMAS, THE MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT, 1 GREAT DARKGATE ST., ABERYSTWYTH. SUMMER GOODS. LATEST STYLES. GREATEST VARIETY WEDDING AND MOURNING ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO. A PHOTOGRAPHIC ESTABLISHMENT has been recently opened on the Premises. Photographs of all kinds taken on the shortest notice. JOHN MAETHLON JAMES, TAILORING, MILLINERY, AND DRESSMAKING ESTABLISHMENT, CAMBRIAN HOUSE, TOWYN, R.S.O. ——————————————————————————— BUY YOUR MEDICINES FROM THOMAS, — CASH CHEMIST — 20, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, AND BRANCH ESTABLISHMENT- 60, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. «- — BORTH. SUMMER HOLIDAYS. SEASIDE RESORT. BORTH has one of the FINEST BEACHES on the Welsh Coast, and the SAFE and PLEASANT BATHING is a great attraction. The GOLF LINKS of 18 holes are well arranged, and attract numerous players. SALMON FISHING can be had on the Dovey, and the less ambitious ca I fish the modest Lerry for trout, by obtaining the courteous permission of Sir Pryse-Pryse, Bart. CYCLISTS will find hilly but, on the whole, good roads, and many pleasant runs can be taken from Borth to Aberystwyth 8, to Devil's Bridge 18, Machynlleth 12, a circular .run vo Talybont, Taliesin, and Ynyslas of 10 miles. The late Dr. Thring, Headmaster of Uppingham School, wrote:—" I lived at Borth a whole year with my School, from March, 1876, and have visited it summer after summer with my family since. I consider the climate the best I have ever known, fresh in summer and mild in winter, without being relaxing, and the place in all respects delightfnl to lovers of sea and country." Hotels. HOTEL WESTMINSTER. w B-CLASS rILY, COMMERCIAL, AND B OARDING E STABLISHMENT, C.T.C. HEADQUARTERS. Three minutes' walk from Station, Beach and Castle Grounds. Splendidly Furnished Throughout. Table D'Hote Daily at 1.30 p.m. Electric Light. Tariff Moderate. L. G. PARRY, Proprietress. THE QUEEN'S HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. Table D'Hote, 7.30. Boarding Terms from 3 Guineas per Week, or 12s. 6d. per day. THIS Hotel is replete with every modern appliance, and contains Coffee and Dining Rooms, Ladies Drawing Room, Recreation Room, Library, Billiard, and Smoking Rooms, and about one hundred Bedrooms. Having a frontuge of 150 feet, all the Public and Private Sitting Rooms face the sea and are Lighted by Electricity. W. H. PALMER, Proprietor. BELLE VUE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. (Facing the Sea and close to the Pier.) Is one of the most reasonable and comfortable Family and Commercial Hotels in Wales. TABLE D'Hote, 6-30. Boarding Terms from 2 £ Guineas per week, or 9s. per day. 'Bus meets all Trains. Tariff on Application to the Manageress. W. H. PALMER, Proprietor. LION ROYAL HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. THIS improved and newly-furnished Hotel, centrally situated, affords every accommodation to Visitors. Contains upwards of Fifty Bedrooms. Spacious Coffee, Commercial and Dining Rooms, Smoking Rooms, and Two Billiard Tables. Large Ball and Banqueting Hall. POSTING IN ALL-DEPARTMENTS. BRAKES, WAGONETTES, LANDAUS, VICTORIAS, &c. SPECIAL TERMS TO FAMILIES DURING THE WINTER SEASON. BOARDING, INCLUSIVE, FROM £2 12s. 6d. THE HOTEL OMNIBUSES MEET ALL TRAINS. RUFUS WILLIAMS, PROPRIETOR. WHITE HORSE HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. CLOSE TO SEA AND RAILWAY STATION. TERMS MODERATE. Proprietress: M. A. REA. WATERLOO HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH, High-Cla s Family and Commercial Private Hotel and Boarding Establishment, c Situated in the best part of the Town, facing the Sea, recently much enlarged and re-furnished, being now one of the Largest and Most Comfortable Hotels on the Welsh Coast. PERFECT SANITARY ARRANGEMENTS. EVERY MODERN COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE. BATHS, BILLIARDS, and ELECTRIC LIGHT. PRITATE SITTING ROOMS. INCLUSIVE BOARD TERMS FROM 92: 2: 0 PER WEEK. BUS MEETS ALL TRAINS. A. E. & A. MORRIS, Proprietresses. TERMINUS HOTEL, ABERYSTWYTH. THE Hotel i&now under new management. It is situate close to the Station and is the most convenient Hotel in Town for Travellers and others. It has recently been enlarged and is now replete with every modern convenience and is lighted throughout with the Electric Light. T. E. SALMON, PMPRIBTMt. OWALIA HOTEL, Ltd., LLANDRINDOD WELLS. THE origin of the Llandrindod "GWALIA" is the well-known "GWALIA" OF UPPER WOBURN PLACE LONDON. It was started 1889; by the season of the following year, extensive additions had to be made to meet a rapid increasing business; these extensions have culminated in tho NEW PREMISES, whioh was opened last year (July 27th, 1898,) The situation of the "GWALIA" is unrivalled. Beautiful outlook, commanding the finest views osaiHe, perfect South-West aspect, close to Park and Mineral Springs—Saline, Sulphure, and Chalybeate. Heating apparatus, good supply of Radiators on balconies and corridors. ELECTRIC LIGHT. PASSENGERS' LIFT. BILLIARD TABLE. EDWARD JENKINS, Manager. AND" GWALlA" UPPER WOBURN PLACE, LONDON. Business Notices. STEPHEN VAUGHAN DAVIES, c ORN, JpLOUR, AND JJROVISION iu ERCHANT, LAMPETER. THE Finest Te Man Brith that can be procured for Is. 4d. per lb. Sole Proprietor of the Tea Brith .A. Stephen Is. lOd. with its marvellous, flavour and Superb Quality, has sprung with a bound into the highest in public flavour. HARFORD SQUARE, LAMPETER. WALTER DAVIES Is now making a Grand Display of the LATEST NOVELTIES IN Mantles, Capes, Jackets, Mackintosh Cloaks, Furs, Costumes, etc., PLAIN AND FANCY DRESS FABRICS. P.S. Goods not in Stock procured at Shortest Notice by Parcels arriving daily from London and other centre CAMBRIAN SHOE F ACTORY, L AMPETER. DAVIES B'ROS.I. BOOTS AND SHOES ARE POPULAR IN ALL TOWNS, WHY? Because they FIT well! Because they WEAR well! Because they SELL well Come and see the new Stock of SUMMER BOOTS and SHOES. EVERY BOOT SOLD GUARANTEED. Note the Address— CAMBRIAN FACTORY, LAMPETER. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THE BEST QUALITY GO To EDWIN PETERS, 5 1, GREAT D ARKGATE STREET, J (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Boots and Shoes of every description. Repairs on shortest notice THOMAS POWELL & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS AND GENERAL MERCHANTS, MARKET STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. WAREHOUSES: LITTLE DARKGATE STREET AND MILL STREET. GARDEN SEEDS, EARLY SEED POTATOES, SEED OATS, BARLEY OATS, CLOVER AT WHOLESALE PRICES. JAMES McILQUHAM, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GLASS, CHINA, AND EARTHENWARE DEALER, BRIDGE END STORES, ABERYSTWYTH. TEA, BREAKFAST AND DESSERT SERVICES. STOWERBRIDGE & OTHER GLASS. Everything down to the lowest Culinary Articles. One of the Largest Stocks in Wales to Select from Contractor for Hotels and Public Institutions. Special attention given to Badged and Crested Ware Services Matched, no matter where purchased. Goods Lent out on Hire. AN EXPERIENCED PACKER KEPT. Inspection invited and your patronage respectfully solicited IF YOU WANT GOOD, RELIABLE FURNITURE AT A LOW PRICE. GO TO DAVID ELLIS AND SONS, FURNISHERS, 6. CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. R. SAYCELL, FISH, GAME, AND POULTRY DEALER, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. HORNER'S CLOTTED CREAM AND CREAM CHEESE, FRESH DAILY. SOLE AGENT FOR Palethorpe's celebrated Cambridge Sausages in the district TELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS:—"SAYCELL, ABERYSTWYTH." TELEPHONE :-No. 6. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, COLLEGE GREEN, TOWYN, MER. Agent for the noted K and Cinderella Boots. E. L. ROWLANDS, FAMILY AND GENERAL GROCER, LIVERPOOL HOUSE, ABERDOVEY. Choice Selection of General Provisions and Italian Goods, etc., always in Stock. J. GWILYM EYANS, FAMILY GROCER AND PROVISION MERCHANT, THE STORES, HIGH STREET & STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN THE MARKET FOR ITS STRENGTH, PURITY, AND FLAVOUR. R. MORGAN, PHARMACEUTICAL & DISPENSING CHEMIST, 239 T ERRACE R DAD, A BERYSTWYTH. All Drugs and Chemicals of GUARANTEED PURITY. PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY DISPENSED AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES FOR CASH. Fruit Saline in 6d. and Is. Bottle. Citrate of Magnesia in 6d.; the very best quality, Is. size, 9d. Pure Lemon Squash, specially prepared for us, in 9d. and Is. 3d. bottles (twice the 9d. size). A large assortment of Toilet Requisites at the lowest prices for CASH. ESTABLISHED 1850. OWEN AND SONS, TDARIS HOUSE, II & 13, NORTH PARADE, ABERYSTWYTH. COMPLETE OUTFITTERS. NEW GOODS FOR SPRING AND SUMMER. LADIES' HIGH-CLASS TAILORING (PRIVATE FITTING ROOMS). NEW SUITINGS, COATINGS, TROUSERINGS, BREECHES MATERIALS, &c., &c. SOLE AGENTS FOR DR. JAEGER'S SANITARY WOOLLEN SYSTEM. Sous AGENTS FOR WELCH MARGETSON'S SHIRTS, COLLARS, NECKWEAR, &c. NEW WATERPROOFS, DRESS BASKETS, TRUNKS, &c. OWEN AND SONS.
BOATING DISASTER AT PWLLHELI. Death," says JEREMY TAYLOR, "meets us everywhere, and is procured by every in- strument, and in all chances, and enters in at many doors; by violence and secret in- fluence, by the aspect of a star, and the stink of a mist, by the emissions of a cloud, and the meeting of a vapour, by the fall of a chariot, and the stumbling at a stone, by a full meal or an empty stomach, by watching at the wine, or by watching at prayers, by -the sun, or by the moon, by a heat or a cold by sleepless nights or sleeping days; by water frozen into the hardness or sharpness of a dagger, or water thawed into the flood of a river by a hair or a raisin, by violent motion or sitting still, by severity or dis- solution, by God's mercy or God's anger, by everything in Providence, and everything in manners, by everything in chance, and everything in nature." The good old divine has no sadder item in his melancholy cate- gory than that of meeting sudden death in a source of pleasure such as befell the small boating party at Pwllheli, on Saturday. When those twelve Sunday School excursion- ists quitted Llanberis in the morning, full of life and hope, and eager for a full day's en- joyment, little did they dream that they would never see their native vale again. It is a sad story, and never a summer comes but it is repeated somewhere or other every year. Human ingenuity and human skill will never bar the human factor from such accidents. Mechanical devise—even to per- fection-will never eliminate that. Rules and laws may be made, and boats and boat- men may be examined, but all these things will not stand in the stead of the one thing needful when the hour of trial comes.' The wisest precautions may fail, but discretion never fails in its security. It is said that boatmen have often to yield to the pressure of passengers, and that they have to set dis- 1 cretion at nought; but then the danger should be measured by the knowledge of the boatmen and not by the ignorance of their fare. It is by being wise after events that we become wise at all, and one lesson we should learn from Saturday's disaster is, that boatmen before deciding to embark should always take into account the probable be- haviour of their fare in the face of danger. Overloading should be strictly forbidden, and the boats should be carefully examined at least once every year. By taking every possible precaution the chances of accident and death-if they cannot be absolutely avoided-may, at any rate, be greatly reduced.
GARDENING WITH PLEASURE AND PROFIT. Alderman PETER JONES, speaking at a meeting of persons interestedv in Horticul- ture at the Aberystwyth College on Tuesday evening, said that when they considered the quantity of fruit and vegetables that was brought into Aberystwyth it was a reflection on them that they were not able to keep the foreigner from intruding upon their domain.)' There is no doubt that gardening has been deplorably neglected in this, as well as in many other districts, and it is to be hoped that a local branch of the Paxton Society will do something to revive and develope it. Cottagers, especially, could add materially to their incomes by devoting their leisure hours to the cultivation of fruits and vegetables. Several new vegetables and fruits could be grown with advantage in private as well as in market gardens, and there is ample room to widen the scope, and improve the method of working. The cottager who takes an active and intelligent interest in his garden cannot fail to find its cultivation to be a healthy, profitable, and pleasurable pursuit. Garden shows have rendered good service in the cause of Horticultural pro- gress, but their educative influence does not reach the cottagers and artizans at large. We hope that Alderman PALMER'S suggestion will be soon carried out, and that the County Council will find means to appoint a lecturer in gardening to visit every town and hamlet. The lecturer, of course, should have a thorough knowledge of Welsh, in order to be able to address the farmers and villagers. There is ah untold wealth in the soil, and, by combining science with practice it may be made to yield more and better produce.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. The Free Church Council of Rhyl have instructed Mr. Llewelyn Williams, of the South Wales Circuit, to draw up a petition against the Rhyl Provisional Order, and to appear before the Parliamentary Committee appointed to consider the order in support of the petition. I An Aberystwyth magistrate, who takes great interest in boating and bathing, writes:—The sad boating accident, which resulted in the loss of twelve lives at Pwll- heli, should draw the attention of th e authorities at Aberystwyth to the necessity of compelling all owners of rowing and sailing boats to provide lifebuoys and belts. which would in a case of emergency keep the occupants above water until assistance arrived. I would also suggest when writing on this matter that a lifebuoy be suspended on a post under the Castle Grounds, near to Graig Goch, where visitors now bathe. I would also further suggest to the Machyn- lleth authorities that they should have a similar arrangement near the pools Nthere persons bathe in the river Dovey. On Saturday, the Rev. Hugh Price Hughes delivered a valedictory address to the students of the Wesleyan Training Colleges in London. Referring to the growth of democracy, he said its essential idea was that brains were more important than birth, and that character was greater than cash. Their distinctive work as teachers was to cultivate the character of youth. Human progress depended on character. He was glad the Government had adopted Mr. Robson's Bill for the emancipation of children. Formerly, as Methodists, they had held to the narrow view that they had nothing to do but to save souls, but now they had come to share the larger view. Let them keep to the main object of promoting the formation of Christ- ian character, and thus co-operate in creating in this country a healthy, contented, and upright people. Last week, about forty drapers' clerks in London came out on strike. Speaking at a meeting of shop assistants and clerks, Mr. John Burns said that when he was asked to help the strikers, he consented because he considered that any condition of work or industry that could be so bad as to induce. forty City clerks to strike was so intolerable, unfair, and unendurable that any man would have been a coward not to associate- himself with resistance to obviously unfair demands. He would like to give City clerks some advice. The fact was, gentility diverted them from their true interests, and there was amongst the London clerks a mistaken sense of superiority which made them im- potent for their own improvement or that of their class. Many of them had to dress like dukes and be content with the wages of a dustman. One of the conditions of their employment was that they had to be eternally young and infernally civil. They were ex- pected to have the polished manners of a Cabinet Minister on the salary of a potman. The National Liberal Federation has issued a circular in reference to the Clerical Tithes Bills. It is pointed out that it is of the utmost importance that the attention of the country should be fixed both on the circumstances under which the Government has introduced the Clerical Tithes Bill and on the actual provisions of the bill itsplf The measure found no place in the Queen's Speech, and the announcement that it would be introduced and passed this session came as a surprise to all parties alike. In gross violation of the ordinary practice of Parlia- ment, the bill was introduced practically without discussion under the ten minutes* rule. "Rarely has a Government introduced a bill for which there has been so little justification in public opinion; and there are many Churchmen who bitterly, resent the false position in which the Church is placed by such a measure. An application for a mandamus against the London County Council was heard in the Queen's Bench Division on Saturday. The question related to the drainage of Charlton Marsh, the Lee Local Board con- tending that it was the duty of the County Council to drain the district efficiently, and the County Council disputing their liability. It was said that in that district there was a. low-lying piece of land known as the Charl- ton Marsh, and upon part of this land a manufactory and some 420 houses had been put up. The sewers of this district were so low that they could not enter the southern main drainage outfall sewer at the lower part of it, and the consequence was that when the main sewer became fully charged with storm water or otherwise, the local sewage was driven back into ditches, over land, and into houses, which were overflowed with sewage. The Lee Board contended that it was the duty of the County Council to remedy this state of things, and that this 6ould be done at a cost of £ 20,000. The. County Council, however, said that their duty was to provide a general system of drainage for the whole metropolis rather than to devote their attention to particular exceptional districts. It was further said that the cost of remedying what was. complained of would be heavy indeed, and that the case was not one in which a man- damus should issue, as the Council had absolute discretion as to what sewers should be made. Mr. Justice Grantham gavo judgment in favour of granting the man- damus, while Mr. Justice Kennedy held that it should be refused. It was then arranged that the junior judge should with- draw his judgment, and that the matter- should go before the Court of Appeal. The article on Is Britain on the Down Grade? which Mr. William Clarke, M.A., contributed to a recent issue of The Young Man," has attracted considerable attention. The last number contains a series of tetters on the subject from leaders in thought and action. Miss Frances Power Cobbe writes: As an aged woman, I am conscious of the usual temptation to praise past times at the expense of the present, and to miss from the world and from England certain noble elements of national life fifty years ago. But on the other hand I see so much reason to rejoice and be thankful-especially for the vast physical and mental advancement made by my own sex-that I look confidently and hopefully forward to the future of my country for many long generations to come. To come to particulars. I agree with Mr. Clarke in thinking the passion for gambling, and the growing preference for pleasure over duty, distinct dangers to the community. Gambling, as Dr. Martineau so well defined it, has its inner source in the competitive passion, or love of superiority, with the addition (distinguishing it from chess or cricket) of the love of gain. The former is irreproachable. The latter is always mean and base when the gain to oneself is simply loss to another." It is the meaness of the fashion for perpetual gambling and betting which renders it a public peril. The con- tinued indulgence of a sordid passion cannot fail to leave slimy traces. I never under- stood the meaning of the common phrase, as ugly as sin," till I once went, without any preconceived expectations, into a great gaming-room abroad, and saw the Vice of Avarice absolutely written on the faces of the men and women round the table." In the House of Commons on Tuesday ay, Sir William M'Clure asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether he was aware that the Corporation of Pwllheli did not require licences for sailing and rowing boats used for passengers, and that there was no limit enforced as to the numbers of persons carried, and whether, after the deplorable accident on Saturday last, he would compel the authorities to make the necessary regulations to prevent catastrophes. Mr. Chaplin said that the Corporation of Pwllheli were empowered to make bye-laws regulating the number of persons to be carried in pleasure boats, but they did not appear to have exercised them. He could not undertake to compel them, and he doubted if the powers of the Local Government had extended so far. Indeed, he thought it was altogether unnecessary they should, but he had directed a com- munication on the subject to be made to the Corporation forthwith, and he had no doubt they would see the propriety of taking the necessary steps at once. At the meeting of the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Fire Brigades on Tuesday, Mr. Jesse Codings presiding, evidence was given as to the constitution and operations of the fire brigades in South Wales. Mr. Guy Pym, M.P., who had taken a great interest in the question, and is the author of the Bill referred to the Committee, stated that he had placed him- self in communication with all the clerks to District Councils in Wales, asking that they would fill up returns, and from those- returns he was able to lay the following information before the Committee. In Car- d igan county with a population of 6 3,4 67, there were only two brigades, with no steamer and only one manual and one escape to pro- tect the whole county. In the case of the town of Cardigan he had received no return, and could not therefore give any particulars One town with the population of 1,569 had no fire appliances beyond 600 yards of hose, and the surrounding districts were entirely unprotected. Taking Wales as a whole the arrangements for protection from fire were very deficient.