CORRIS. KiSTEDDFOiMc.—Mr. H. Williams (Ar> Idris) was uucoessful hi passing the examination of Gorsedd y Heirid in r ^uieetion with the National Eisteddfod, and Mr. V. pliams qualified for the degree of an :'O"h' Acc;r.F.N"r.—On Friday morning John Edwards, a "awyel' at i ¡':ra, Works, Esgairgeiliog, net with a ■ • .-mous while at his work. He wa-j by some .oans drawn into the machine, and received severe V'uries to right side and his arm. He is a son to .John Edwards, Greenfield. .>
ROUND THE TOWN. in. First let me give two or three more items about Llanbadarn Church. Where there is so much of interest 'tis difficult what to take first, and yet I do nut want to weary my readers with too many antiquarian notes just now. Would that all our churches had so carefully kept a series of registers as are to be found here, stowed away in I their iron, safe under the direct custody of the Vicar himself. Roughly speaking, there are just 13 volumes for the period from 1678 to 1857, the earlier ones, as usual, having parchment pages. 11 11 Later on I shall give a number of quaint entries from them and from the record of vestry proceed- ings, which are singularly full of bits relative to the life and doings of our forefathers. The communion plate is a modern silver one of much merit; but there is in addition a plain silver chalice, bearing an earlier Assay letter. Who ever heard of parish records being found engraven on a pewter plate ? Yet such is the case at Llanbadarn, where on one of the fine old plates in the church we read that the Rev. Richard- son of New Quay preached in this Church on Sunday, 25 Feb., /66, from the 16 chapter of St. Matthew, 18 verse. R.R." How an antiquary rejoices in finding a parish clerk who really knows the church under his charge, and loves the place stone by stone. Such an one is he who keeps guard at Llanbad- arn, ever willing to conduct visitors round; I pleased if they are of the sort to take intelligent interest in all they see.—A Silver key opens much. I have more to say about Llanbadarn yet but keep it back to make room for some lower Aberyst- wyth notes. Many visitors ask what really was Plascrug, the Palace on the Mount, the picturesque tower of which stands so prominently on that rocky mount by the banks of the Rheidol ? It was a castellated mansion, surrounded by a moat, still well defined, and its rooms were both many and large. The Ixird Einion ap Gwgan testifies it to have been inhabited by native princes, in a poem which celebrates Llewelyn the Great, about 1244. He sings of "The spear of Llewelyn flashing in a Innrl accustomed to martial deeds, and killing and putting its enemies to flight by the palace of the Rheidol." Owen Glendower is said to have lived here also in 1404 when laying seige to Aberystwyth Castle then held by Prince Henry, afterwards King Henry V. The writer of the life of Owen says that two such powerful rivals as Glendower and the hero of Agincourt could not long live so near to each other in hostile array as Llanbadarn and Aberyst- wyth. This time it was Prince Henry's turn to make way, and surrender the important castle to his rival Glendower, who styled himself Prince of Wales as descended from the ancient princes of our country. Stage waggons are all but vanished, yet 'tis not so many years since Morgan's Shrewsbury waggon arrived every Tuesday and Friday at the Skinners' Arm*, and returned the same evening. As we see the fine Waterloo Coach and four drive through our streets with its load of visitors bound for Devil's Bridge, our thoughts turn to the old stage coaches. The Salop and London mail used to start daily at 11 a.m. from the Belle Vue. The Kington mail left alternately from the Gogerddan Arms and the Belle Vue daily. The Engineer Coach to Oswestry used to run from the Talbot three times weekly, at 7 a.m. One thing is certain about these old coaches, they kept to the time of their arrivals and departures, so much so that villagers timed their clocks by them I Fancy trying to tell the time of day by the local trains Only half an hour late to-day; an hour late per chance to-morrow Here is another good story, this time of an Aberystwyth visitor, and a little lad from Clarach. Scene, the Promenade. A woman with a bird in her large hat meets a small, urchin carrying a nest with eggs in it, she does not hesitate to stop him. You are a wicked boy," she said. How could you rob that nest ? No doubt the poor mother is now grieving for the loss of her eggs." I g Oh, she don't care," said the bov, edging away, she's on vour hat! PHILIP SIDNEY.
WALES IN LONDON. Dr. Owen Evans, King's Cross, was the recipient of a handsome present from his church the other day. The Rev. gentleman, who intends going for his holidays to Italy, was presented with a purse containing L40. In the first division of the matriculation of the University of London appears the name of Miss Jane Davies, the elder daughter of Dr. Morgan Davies, Goring-street, London. When only 13 years old she gained a scholarship of Z30 tenable for four years at the Central Foundation School of London," and again last week snatched one of the value of £50 tenable for three years at the same institution, which is given to the best pupil when leaving the school. It is her intention now to enter the University College of Wales at Aberyst- wyth. As she is only 17 years old we shall doubt- less hear of her again in the scholastic world.
GOGINAN. MARWOLAETH RICHARD RODERICK.—Bu MF. Richard Roderick, Wilkesbarre, farw ar y 29ain o Fehefin, yn nhy ei fab, Richard, yn Providence, Pensylvania, lie yr oedd ef a'i briod wedi myned i newyd awyr am dro. Yr oedd Richard Roderick yn boblogaidd iawn trwy y dyffryn hwn, gan ei fod wedi byw yma am 35 o flynyddoedd, ac wedi bod yr orucbwyliwr a contractor am y rhan fwyaf o'r amser yn y gweithfeydd glo, a'i feibion ar ei ol. Hefyd yr oedd yr ymadawedig yn adnabvddus iawn yn y cylch crefyddol, gan ei fod yn wr hyddysg yn yr Ysgrythvrau, yn athraw da, yn siaradwr eglur a dealladwy, ac yn ddiacon am flynyddoedd lawer. Bu yn byw am dair blynedd ar ffarm yn West Bangor, Sir York, Pa., ac yn I i lymouth rai blynyddoedd; ond yn ein clinas y blynyddoedd cyntaf a'r olaf o'i oes yn y wlad. El ood oedd 68. Yr oeddent yn un o'r teuluoedd cyntaf per thymol i eglwys y T. C. yn y lie, ac ychydig yw gweddill y cyfryw yma yn bresenol. Genecllgol oedd o Goginan, Sir Aberteifi, ac o deulu talentog, nodedig, a lluosog. Mae rhai o honynt i'w cael yn Rhandir Mwyn, Sir Gaerfyrddin, yn Oak Hill, Jackson, Cincinnati, Ohio, ac yn Nhalaeth Nebraska, yn tftiea, N.Y., yn ogystal ac yn Hazelton a Wilkesbarre. Ymbriododd yr ymadawedig ag Ellen Jenkins o'r Borth, o'r un Sir, a chawsant eu benditiiio a naw o blant, dau o'r rhai a gladdwyd yn eu baibandod, a'r hynaf yn marw pan yn wraig a mam, yr hyn fu yn ergyd drorn i'r teulu. Y lleill ydynfc Edward, Mine In- spector, Scranton; David, contractor, Hazelton; Richard, leu., contractor, Scranton; John, swyddog yn Llysdy y Sir, Wilkesbarre Mrs. John E. Hughes, goruchwiliwr yn Forest City; a Mrs. William E. Jenkins, Wilkesbarre. Brawd iddo ydyw yr enwog James Roderick, Hazelton, Pa. Symudwyd ei gorff i'w gartref cyntefig, a da-eth ei briod a i blant yn nghyd, a chyfarfyddiad hynod oedd hwn—gweled yr hwn aeth allan ychydig ddyddiau yn ol dan wenu yn cael ei gario i fewr, yn fud, heb allu llefaru mwy mewn geiriau eto vn llefaru trwy adsain. Prydnawn dydd LInn, Gorph 3ydd, caed gwasanaeth y claddedigaeth, Mn ddaeth yn nghyd dorf fawr o'i hen adnabyddion ei hen weithwyr, ei gyfeillion a'i berthvnasau, llon'd y capel eang, Gweinyddwyd gan v I-archii. John Owen Jones (ei weinidog), William Lewis, T. C. Edwards, D.D., Hugh Davies., ac R. E. Williams, a W. Jones (A.), Plymouth. Dad-anwyd anirvw o emynau lioff yr ymadawedig gan y dorf, arweinydd G. M. \Y illiams: organyddes, Mrs. Lette C. Jones, r oedd amryw o'r sylwadau yn liynod dda ac effeithiol, atheirnlad y lluaws oedd, Y tadau, pa le y maent ? I'r lan, i'r lan, diangasant bwy, yn ol eu traed ni sangwn mwv."—O'r Drvch."
PENCADER. SUCCESS. Mr. D. Jones, a pupil at the Grammar School, has been successful in passing the Matri- culation examination of the London University in the first division, and Miss Edith A. Jones was succesful in passing in the second division. 11
COUNTY OF CARDIGAN STANDING JOINT COMMITTEE. The statutory quarterly meeting of the Standing Joint Committee of the Quarter Sessions and the County Council was held on Thursday last at the Town Hall, Lampeter. Alderman Morgan Evans, Oakford, presiding. There were also present Alderman C. M. Williams, Aberystwyth; Major Price Lewis, Aberayron Rev. Dd. Griffiths, Llan- granog; Messrs D. J. Jones, J.P_, Tregaron; Dd. Davies. Llandewibrefi; John Fowden, Lampeter; W. Inglis Jones, Derry Ormond; Nicholas Bray, Goginan Mr. H. C. Fryer, clerk; and Mr. Howell Evans, chief constable. LAMPETER POLICE STATION. Mr. J. C. Harford having informed the clerk that the cells at the Lampeter Town Hall for the dentention of prisoners to be tried at the assizes and quarter sessions had been completed and were ready to be handed over to that committee. No provision for heating had yet been raade. Alder- man Williams, Capt Bray and Major Lewis said they thought it would be better for the committee to get the Architect's certificate before taking over the cells formally, and it was reserved that upon the receipt of the Architect's certificate the Chief Constable should take over the cells. POLICE FEES. A letter was received from the Home Office stating that the Secretary of State had approved of the table of the police fees for the county under section 23 of the Police Act,. 1890.. with slight modifications. The Clerk stated that the approved table would be in force for the ensuing five years COUNTY COURT DISTRICT. The following communication was received from the Local Government Board under date 17th July. Sir,—I am directed by the Local Government Board to state that they have been requested by the Lord Chancellor to bring under the notice of Local Authorities an Order in Council which has been recently passed consolidating the whole of the existing Orders in Council as to County Court Districts in England and Wales. Two copies of the Order are enclosed. It will be observed that the County Court Districts are defined in the Order by reference to Unions and Parishes as-constituted on the 1st April, 1898, and that every Parish and, with few exceptions, every L'rban District, is brought within the boundaries of a single County Court District. The Lord Chancellor suggest that advantage would ensue if the attention of the ratepayers were directed to the provisions of the new Order, and that it might prove convenient if arrangements could be made for the Order being open for their inspection. I am, Sir, your obedient Servant, S. B. PROVIS, Secretary. The Clerk said that the Order would not affect the County Court Districts of Cardiganshire. NEW QUAY POLICE QUESTION. The Clerk brought forward the subject of ad- ditional police for New Quay. He pointed out that on February 20th the Home Office wrote stating that after carefully considering the circum- stances mentioned in his letter, the Secretary of State remained of opinion that the complaints of the inhabitants with regard to police protection were well founded. The Secretary of State under- derstood that at present an offender whom it was necessary to lock up had to be taken to Aberayron, six miles away, along a bad road, thercsultbeingthat New Quay was left entirely unprotected during the constable's absence, which also happened when the latter was called away for duty elsewhere.. He could not accept the small number of apprehensions as an argument against the necessity of building cells,as it was not impossible that the absence of cells might have led to persons being at large who would otherwise have been apprehended. The Secretary of State- considered that a second con- stable and two cells were required. The cells could be erected at the constable's house even if a new police station was not built. The Committee decided, after duly considering the letter, to write informing the Home Office that they were prepared to comply with the request as far as it related to the cells, hoping that the request in its relation to a second constable would be withdrawn. He (the Clerk) further informed the Home Office that the Committee were taking steps to acquire a house or site with the view of constructing a new police station and had received the following letter in reply :—Sir,—With reference to your letter of the 13th instant reporting that the Standing Joint Committee have decided to provide police cells at New Quay, I am directed by the Secretary of State to point out that your. letter makes no mention of the question of stationing a second constable at New Quay which was referred to in the Home Office letter of the 20th February. The Secretary of State remains of opinion that a second constable is required and he will be glad to know what decision the Committee have come to in this matter.I am, Sir, your obedient servant, CHARLES S. MURDOCH. The Clerk said he did not reply to the letter, believing that it would be better to lay it before the Committee. On June 24th, he received another letter from the Home Office requesting a reply and he thereupon sent a reply pointing out that there was no need of further increasing the force which was already numbering forty. He gave statistics that in 1876, when there was a population of 73,000 in the county there was only thirty-five officers, or one to 2,095 inhabitants in 1881 when there was a population of 70,270. there were thirty-nine officers or one to 1,802 of inhabitants in 1891, when the population was 63.467, there were thirty-eight officers or one to 1,627 inhabitants. In 1899, taking the population to be the same as at the last census taken in 1891, although as a fact it was lower, there were forty officers, or one to 1,586 inhabit- ants. The Chairman said he was positive that the population has decreased considerably since 1891. The Clerk also pointed out that of the 63,467 inhabitants, 36,763 were females and only 27,731 males. Surely there is not so much need of police for females (laughter.) The Clerk added that in his letter he said he hoped the Home Office would not withhold the certificate of proficiency any longer. He had received no reply to that letter. The Clerk said in reply to Major Lewis he bad already informed the Home Office that the police officer stationed at Llanarth took the place of the officer at Now Quay when he had to go away on duty and that the Llanarth officer assisted the New Quay officer when there was an influx of visitors. The county compared, favourably with other Welsh counties. The Chief Constable said Cardiganshire stood third in the list as to the largest percentage of population to each officer. Anglesey came first in the list and Montgomery second. Mr. C. M. Williams: And I believe, taking the population proportionately, we have less crime in this county than in any other county. We may have less officers to the population, but we have less crimes than is the case with the other counties. The Chief Constable: Yes, I think so; but I am not quite certain. The Clerk pointed out that the last assize was a Qiaiden court, j Major Lewes (to the Chief Constable) Do you 1 find any difficulty in maintaining the peace of the county with the present force ? The Chief Constable: None at all. Mr. C. M. Williams said as a matter of fact peace had never been so well maintained in the county as during the past three years. Major Price Lewes said he had also remarked the freedom from all kinds of offences during the past two or three years. The Chairman, replying to the Rev. David Griffiths, Llangranog, said it was at the instance of the New Quay Urban District Council in June, 1898, that the Home Office appointed their in spector to hold an innuirv into the matter. 1 The Clerk said in their petition to the Home Office the New Quay Urban District Council said the pOf^irttion of the parish, which was co-termin- ous with tiief ttrban district, was between 1,200 and 1,300. The Surrounding parishes contained toge- ther a considerably greater populsfliow than the parish of New Quay. During the -eiiiimer tbtm. sands of visitors? c'atrh'e to New Quaf, there being as many as 1,500 p?*Strit. on regatta*da> (laughter). The nearest police Station, AberaVx'bti, was seven miles away. When peiiry offences were committed the residents generally' preferred, to suffer the injury rather than to face"fhe trouble and expense of appearing at Aberayron. Major Lewes Nonsense. The Sub-Committee reported' having inspected two houses and three sites and recommended that one of the sites should be selected by the Com- mittee. It was resolved to give power to the Sub-Com- mittee to acquire a site and to write informing, the Home Office that in future the officer stationed at Llanarth would be stationed at New Quay dairinte' the summer season. FINANCE. The report of the Finance Committee, which was brought up by Mr. D. J. Williams, stated that the vouchers for the quarter ended March 31st were examined, compared with the account and bank pass books, and found to be correct. The bills for the quarter ended June 30th were ex- amined, amounting in the total to iEl52 19s lid, which included £91 12s 4d for police clothing. The Chief Constable having in hand Z38 13s lid. the balance required was £ 114 6s Od. The sum of £ 880 would be required for police expenses during the current quarter and the Committee recon" mended that a requisition for this amount should be made on the County Council. Mr. C. M. Williams seconded the adoption of the report which was agreed to. LLANDYSSUL LOCK-UP. The Committee appointed Captain W. E. Evans, Captain Stewart, and Mr. John Powell as their representatives to meet three representatives of the Carmarthen Standing Joint Committee to con- fer with them as to the provision of a joint lock-up at Llandyssul. CHIEF CONSTABLE'S REPORT. I The Chief Constable (Mr. Howell Evans) sub- mitted his quarterly report which was as follows —I have the honour to report for your information that the present state of the force is as follows :— One chief constable, one deputy chief constable, one superintendent, five sergeants and -thirty-two constables. I append a copy of the allocation return which shows the present disposition of the force, also a return showing the number of persons summoned and apprehended, nature of crime and how disposed of, for the quarter ending the 30th ultimo, together with a return showing the dis- tribution of cases proceeded with under the Licensing Acts within the several Petty Sessional Divisions for the same period. On the 17th Mav last the following constables were examined and successfully passed the first and second examina- tion of the St. John's Ambulance Association,:— First Examination, David E. Phillips, P.C. 37, and in the second examination, P.C's. Daniel Thomas, 25, DavidEvans, 2, Charles Charman, 30,. and Evan Williams, 1. On the 1st ultimo I removed P.C. David Jones, 28, from Llandyssul to New Quay and P.C. J. Lewis, 20, from New Quay to Llandyssul. On the 15th ultimo and following five davs the Police Accounts to the year ending 31st March last, were examined by Mr. C. Hunton the Govern- ment Auditor, and passed. I visited all the Police Stations during the Quarters. On the 1st ultimo, while Mr. Samuel Young, of North Parade Cardigan, was felling a tree, close to the boundary wall at the back of the Police Station it caused considerable damage to the wall and completely demolished a small shed by the fallen branches. I understand Air, Young is prepared to rebuild the shed and make good'all other damages. I therefore venture to suggest that he should be communicated with and asked to repair all the damages done to the satisfaction of the County Surveyor. At a meeting of the Aberystwyth Town Council held on the 4th inst., it was resolved that I should be asked to form a new Fiie Brigade for the Borough of Aberystwyth and to take the command. Being anxious to render what assistance I can for the protection of life and property I have decided, after due consideration, to undertake to discharge the duties connected therewith to the best of my ability, subject of course to your approval. Nine- teen Occasional Licenses and Six Extensions of time were granted during the quarter as shown by the annexed Return. Owing to one of the above licenses being granted other than at Petty Sessions the landlord was given two hours more time to sell than was given to those granted at Petty Sessions as you will observe by the following particulars :— On the 11th May last a fair was held at Capel Cvnon where beer was sold at three different booths, of whose licenses two were granted at Aberayron Petty Sessions on the 26th April last authorising them to sell from 10 a.m. till 5 p.m., whilst the other licence was granted at Pantgoch Villa on the 25th of that month and permitted to sell from 9 a.m. till 6 p.m The return of persons summoned or apprehended in the county during the quarter endiiag June 30th (which accompanied the report) showed that the total number of persons proceeded against was 274 and the number sum- marily convicted, 218; committed for trial, 1; compromised cases, 17; number discharged, 38. Other returns showed that out of the twenty-five occasional licenses and extensions of time granted four were at the homes of justices of the peace. The nmnber of cases of drunkenness was 47. and the number of convictions 43. The Chief Constable estimated the damage to the premises of the Cardigan Police Station at CS. The recommendation was adopted. THE: ABERYSTWYTH FIRE BRIGADE. The Chairman, referring to the application of the Aberystwyth Town Council that the Chief Con- stable should form and command a fire brigade at Aberystwyth, said it was a most important matter and demanded serious consideration. The Rev. D. Griffiths Will there be any extra oharges made upon the rate in connection with it ? The Chairman: No, but it means extra work devolving on the Chief Constable. Mr. D. J. Williams said the Home Office .had already intimated that the force was not sufficient and he did not see that the Committee were in a position to sanction the application of the Aber- ystwyth Town Council. He thought there were plenty of persons in Aberystwyth who could under- take to take the work. It would be most wrong to permit the Chief Constable to undertake that°re- sponsibility and he strongly objected to it. He proposed that the application of the Aberystwyth Town Council be refused. The Clerk Is there a precedent on which to go upon ? Are you aware of any county where the Chief Constable captains a fire brigade ? The Chief Constable: I am not aware of any other county. The Clerk (laughingly) In the past, however, Cardiganshire has been fond of establishing pre- cedents. Mr. David Davies seconded the proposition, ob- serving that the Chief Constable was chief of the county and not of one town and that he bad plenty of work to do at present. Some five years ago the police officer at Tregaron had to give up some light duties connected with the Tregaron Union because the Government inspector thought there was enough work for him to do otherwise in connection with his post. He considered that the same prin- ciple was involved in this case also. It was resolved nem. con. ]tliat the application be refused. Mr. D. J. Williams said he noticed in one table that eight persons were proceeded against at Tre- garon for drunkenness and only nine convicted, How was that ? (Laughter.) The Chief Constable—It is a printer's error (laughter.) OCCASIONAL LICENCES. The Chairman, referring to the paragraph in the report relating to occasional licences, said what made the case of the occasional licence granted by Mr. D. Thomas, Pantcoch Villa, conspicuous was the fact that one person bad a licence in operation for two hours more than the other two licences. It being suggested that the attention of Mr; Thomas should be called to the matter, the Rev. D. Griffiths, said that the Committee had no right to do such a thing. Mr. C. M. Williams said there could be no harm in calling his attention to the matter. He felt sure that Mr. Thomas did it inadvertently, and that he was anxious to work harmoniously with the Com- mittee. The Rev. D. Griffitlls-I think it would be out- side your power and, I should say, your manners. to call the attention of a magistrate to an action which is perfectly within the law. The Chairman said the Committee were trying to act in conjunction with quarter sessions with re- gard to the granting of occasional licences. It was unfortunate that the two who were granted licences at petty sessions had less time by two hours than the person to whom Mr. Thomas granted the licence. The Clerk-It is one o* the evilg Qf t- occasional lice^es 0ufc Qf petty semAo^ M = L granted the licence on the day before petty session Was held. The person who bad the licence could have made the application at petty sessions in the same way as the other two persons. It would have been no hardship to have waited until next day. The Rev. D. Griffiths: There was nothing legally wrong in what Mr. Thomas did. Mr. Bray No. The law allows it. Mr. C. M. Williams said the magistrates hitherto had acted with considerable co-operation and harmony, and it was to be hoped that this feeling would prevail. They did not blame Mr. Thomas in any way. He proposed that the Clerk should point out to him that it was the wish of the Committee and of Quarter Sessions that occasional licences should be granted at petty sessions. Grantinsr J licences at petty sessions did away with a lot of inconvenience. Of course there were exceptional cases whore applications could not be made at petty sessions. Mr. D. J. Williams seconded the proposition. The Rev. D. Griffiths moved an amendment that Mr. Thomas's attention be not called to the matter. Mr. John Fowden seconded the amendment. For the proposition there voted Mr. C. M. Williams, Mr. D. J. Williams, Mr. Inglis Jones, Mr. David Davies, and the Chairman-five; for the amendment, the proposer and seconder two. Major Lewes and Mr. Bray remained neutral. The proposition was declared carried; and Mr. C. M. Williams said he was sorry that the Com- mittee, which hitherto had worked with unanimity, had divided on this point. The Chief Constable applied for three weeks' holidays during the current quarter and the ap- plication was unanimously granted, HABITUAL DRUNKARDS. The Committee afterward considered the terms of the management of the Royal Victoria Homes, Brentry, near Bristol, upon which inmates dealt with under the Inebriates Act, 1898, would be accepted without any contribution of a capital sum by a county council, some of the county councils having expressed themselves as unwilling to con- tribute any large sum of money towards the capital expenditure necessary to the establishment of in- ebriate reformatories outside their own district. The managers of the Victoria Homes offered the follow- ing alternative scheme on the understanding that the councils entered into an agreement with the Board of a similar nature to that usual in the case of reformatories for juvenile offenders, the agreement to be for not less than five cases, nor for a shorter period than five years and to contain eOllvenants to the following effect (1) The Council to contract to send and the Board to receive all cases (up to the number agreed upon) convicted at courts in their district and which the Managers are willing to receive; (2) The Council on signature of the agreement to pay to the Managers the sum of £10 per bed per year on account of interest on capital, outlay, rates, taxes, and other permanent charges -:or.>hoIÇ. ,1'i:1:II".£: (3) All cases convicted under section 1 of the Act and accepted by the Managers to be admitted without payment from the Council on account of maintenance; (4) the Council to pay to the managers the sum of sixpence per day for each case sent under section 2, on account of the main- tenance of such case, the account to be rendered and paid quarterly (5) the managers to provide persons so admitted with food, clothing, medical attendance, and all other statutory necessaries so long as they remain inmates of the reformatories (6) the managers to permit persons, duly authorised by the contracting council, to visit the reformatories and have interviews with persons sent under the agreement. Particulars as to the contribution from the Treasury towards the expenses of the detention of persons in certified inebriate reformatories were laid before the Committee. The Treasury were prepared to contribute (1) A weekly grant of 16; for each inmate committed under section 1 of the Act during the period of his detention in a certified reformatory; (2) A weekly grant of 10s 6d for each inmate committed under section 2 of the Act during the period of his detention in a reformatory certified for not more than 100 inmates. Special arrangements will be made in the case of larger institutions (3) A weekly grant of not more than 6d per diem at the discretion of the Secretary of State in respect of each inmate while out on licence for a period not exceeding three months (4) The reasonable expenses of the removal of an inmate from one certified reformatory to another, or to an auxiliary home when previously directed by the Secretary of State. The weekly grants would be allowed subject to the terms of the certificate granted to each reformatory and to the regulations made by the Secretary of State. This scheme of contribution would be in force for a period of three years from April 1st, 1899. After that date no Treasury grant would be made towards the expenses of detention of any inmate (committed under Section 2), unless a contribution of not less than 3s. 6d. a week was made by a local authority (under section 9 of the Act) in respect of such inmate. The Clerk said, on payment of P.1000 to the capital expenditure, the Committee would be granted seven beds for ever. The terms now offered by the Victoria Homes meant a sum equal to Z50 t year. Mr. C. M. Williams said what would be the most practicable and economical scheme would be for the six counties, Carmarthen, Merioneth, Brecon, Cardigan, Pembroke, and Montgomery to combine in the erection of a building in a central position which would answer the requirements of the six counties. Personally, he thought it would pay even Cardigan and Carmarthen to join in erecting a building. There would only be need of a small staff. Major Lewes But the staff would have to be efficient. You would have also to'provide occupa- tioii-, and a recreation ground. He added that a good statute appeared likely to become a dead letter unless something was done soon. The terms of the Victoria Homes were very reasonable and worthy of consideration. Mr. C. M. Williams thought before taking action the Committee should wait until the six counties mentioned had held a conference on the matter. Major Lewes agreed with this view, and it was then resoved to leave the matter in abeyance until the conference had been held. The Chief Constable observed that four persons in the county had already made themselves liable to be deaJt with under the Act.
YSTUMTUEN. EISTEDDFOD.—A grand eisteddfod will be held at this place on Friday week next. An excellent programme has been prepared and large and. inter- esting gatherings are expected. THE name Ystumtuen is derived from ystum, a bend, a shape, a form, and tuen, a compound of tu, side, a part, and en-ain, water, signifying a piece of land by or near the water; English name Water- ham. It is about twelve miles from Aberystwyth, and about a mile on the hills from Ponterwyd, on the opposite side of the Rheidol Valley to Devil's Bridge. The waterfalls can be viewed to better advantage from Ystumtuen than from any other spot. The scene overlooking the Rheidol Valley is most romantic, and English visitors could not have a better outing in the country for a day than &t Ystumtuen and enjoy the proceedings of the Eisteddfod in the bargain. The prospects of the Eisteddfod are most encouraging we understand, five choirs competing for the chief prize, five or six ladies' choirs, male voice parties, and numerous solo competitions. The proceedings will be con- ducted by the crowned bard Cadvan. The Presi- dents will be T. Darlington, Esq., M.A., H.M.I.S., and E. Hughes, Esq., of London. Notice the date, Friday, August 4th, and do not miss the treat.
Dentistry. ESTABLISHED 40 YEARS. MESSRS MURPHY & ROWLEY, SURGEON DENTISTS, Honorary Dentists to the Abcrystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire General Hospital. ADDRESS- rjlERRACE JJOAD, ^BERYSTWYTH ~I\/jrR. ROWLEY begs to announce that he is now able to undertake Gold and all other Fillings, Crowns, Bridge-work and all the latest improvements in Modern Dentistry. Artificial Teeth in the latest English and American Styles. TEETH EXTRACTED PAINLESSLY UNDER GAS. Mr R. visits Machynlleth, Towyn, Aberayron, Tre- garon and Lampeter. Patients can be attendca to any day at Aber- yatwyth. All at tlvii most Mocterate Charges. Full particulars on application. ¡ Business Notices. THE A BERYSTWYTH ENAMELLED LATE WORKS, ROPEWALK, A BERYSTWYTH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. .Slabs of every description always in stock. Prices and estimates on application. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE f" I BOOTS AND SHOES OF THE BEST QUALITY GO TO' EDWIM PETERS, 51, GREAT STREET, 51, (Three doors Ttbove Town (Slock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Betots aird'Si'idey of every description. Repairs on shortest notice AM HANES: Y Cynuy yn Llilliltain, PRYNWCH Y "LONDON CELT." CEINIOG. BOB DYDD IAU. .a. CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. SUMMER EXCURSIONS ¿' CHEAP EXCURSIONS TO SCOTLAND ON FRIDAY NIGHTS, AUGUST 4TH AND 18TH, AND SEPTEMBER 1ST, 15TH, & 29TH, 1899, By the direct route via Whitchurch, Crewe, Pres- ton, and Carlisle, will be run as under to ♦NEWTON STEWART, *STRANRAER, ^WIGTOWN, WHITHORN, CARLISLE, MOFFAT, -DU-A,IFRIES, *CASTLE DOUGLAS, •KIRKCUD- BRIGHT, t EDINBURGH, GLASGOW, Greenock, Gourock, Helensburgh, Row, Dumbarton, and Balloch. For train limes, fares, etc., see handbills issued by the Company. WEEKLY AND FORTNIGHTLY EXCURSIONS. Commencing Wednesday, May 24th, and every Wednesday in June, July and August, Cheap Weekly and Fortnightly Tickets will be issued from Aberystwyth. Borth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Dolgellcy, Barmouth, Harlech, Portmadoc, Cricc- ieth, Pwllheli, Machynlleth, Llanidloes, Rhayader, Builth Wells, Newtown, Montgomery, Oswestry, Ellesmere and Wrexham, to London (Euston and Paddington), available for the return on the following Wednesday or Wednesday week. Similar Tickets will be issued from London dur- ing the same period, available for return on the following Monday, Wednesday, Monday week or Wednesday week. C. S. DENNIS, General Manager. Owestry, May, 1899. CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. WEEK-END TICKETS are issued every FRIDAY and SATURDAY from all L. & N. W. and G.¡W. Stations in LONDON I TO ABERDOVEY, ABERYST- WYTH, DOLGELLEY, AND BARMOUTH. Available for return on the following Sunday (where train service permits) Monday, or Tuesday. For full particular sqt gjjn^ll hand bills. CHEAP WEEK END EXCURSION TICKETS ARE NOW ISSUED ON EVERY FRIDAY AND SATURDAY TO *Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Peter- borough, '"Leicester, "'Derby, *Burton-on -Trent, *Stafford, *Coventry, Manchester, Preston, Black- burn, Bolton, Leeds, Dewsbury, Huddersfield Liverpool, Birkenhead, Wigan and Warrington FROM Oswestry, Lknymyilech, LlanfylUn, Montgomery; \Yelshpool, Newtown, Llanidloes, Machynlleth,- Borth, Aberystwyth, Aberdovey, Totvyn, Barmouth, Oolgelley, Harlech, Portmadoc, PeHrhyndeudraeth, Criccieth, and Pwlheli, Criccieth, and Pwlheli, Simuar tickets are issued from Aberystwyth, Borth, Aberdovey, Towyn, Barmouth, Dolgelley, Harlech, Penrhyndeudraeth, Portmadoc, Criccieth, and Pwllholi to SHREWSBURY. .Tickets to these Stations are not issued from Welshpool. Passengers return OR the Monday or Tuesday following isslie of ticket. T H O U S A N D-M I L E TICKETS. Thtf Cumbrian Railways Company issue FIRST CLASb 1,000 and 500 MILE TICKETS, the coupons at whiteh enable the purchasers to travel between Stations 6W. the Cambrian Railways during the period for f^ic'lV The tickets ttte available until the coupons are /s&hatisted. The price of each ? £ 5 5s Od 1,600 tnile*, and I A2 17s 6d, 500 miles b-æfng about lid BAJ Application for the 1,000 or 500 mile tickets must be made in writing, givfttg the full name and address of the purchaser -tnd accompanied by a remittance, toMrW. H.^Gomrh,Superintendent of the Line, Cambrian Railway:?, Oswestry (cheques to be made payable to the CaiiTforian Co. or order), t from whom also books containing 100 certificates' for authorising the use of the tickets by purchasers' family, guests, or employees can be obtained, price 6d each book; remittance to accompany order. C. S. DENNISS, General' Manager. Oswestry, March 1899. ;■ Educational. MISS PHILLIPS, CERT. R.A.M., R.C.M., AXD TRINITY COLLEGE, LONDON, QRGANIST OF WESLEY CHURCH, With experience in successfully preparing for the above Examinations. I Receives Pupils for Organ, Pianoforte, and Singing. Terms on Application. ADDRESS 34, PIER STREET. HIGH SCIIOOL FOIl GlIlLS VICTORIA HOUSE, V I C TOR I A (MARINE) T E R R A C E A BERYSTWYTH. ( SEPARATE KINDERGARTEN. PRINCIPAL Miss KATE R LLOYD- Certificated Mistress, Assisted by a Staff of highly qualified Resident Governesses. REFEHExcEs- Thomas Jones, Esq., B.A., H.M.. Inspector of Schools. Llanelly; The Rev. O. Evans, D.D., King's Cross, London. E. H. Short, Esq., H.M. Inspector, Abervstwyth. Principal Edwards, D.D., Raja Theological College. Principal Roberts, M.A., U.C.W. ° Principal Prys, M.A., Trevecca College. Dr Scholle Aberdeen University. Rev T. A Penry, Aberystwyth. Pupils prepared for the London and Welsh Matricu- lations, Oxford and Cambridge Examinations, &c. For Terms, &c., apply PRINCIPAL. ABERYSTWYnF COUNTY SCHOOL HEADMASTER MR. DA VID SA-AIUEL, M.A., (Cantab). SENIOU MISTRESS ]\fISS JTI)1TI1 JMVART, M.A., (Vict> ASSISTANT MASTERS AND MISTRESS MR W. P EARSOX JpULLER, M.A. MK- T HOMAS QWENS, Late Headmaster of the Aberystwyth Commercial and Grammar School. MISS M ATDE JJLGHES, B.Sc. (Lond) DRAWING: MR. J. H. APPLETON, Cert. Art Master. DRILL SERJEANT-MAJOR W. J LONG. JOHN EVANS. 6, Portland Street, Clerk. Aberystwyth. Business Notices. TEMPERANCE COMMERCIAL HOTEL. STATION TERRACE, LAMPETER. Two Minutes walk from the Railway Station. WELL-AIRED BEDS. BATH ROOM. CHARGES MODERATE PROPRIETRESS—MRS S. A. WALTERS. BUY YOUR MEDICINES FROM: DAVIES BROS., THE PHARMACY, LAMPETER. ALL DRUGS AND CHEMICALS OF GUARANTEED PURITY. MR. STEPHEN H. EVANS AUCTIONEER, LAND AGEN,'t, AND VALUER. OFFICES HARMm SQUARE, LAMPETER. EOR HIGH-CLASS OUTFITS I GO TO I TOM JONES, COLLEGE STREET, LAMPETER -r LATEST STYLE IN TAILORING COM- BINED WITH MODERATE CHARGES. ATIFICIAL TEETH. „ ME. JAMES HEES" (Seventeen years \tfth Messrs.- Murphy and Rmvley) 4 rjIRINITY JJTLACK, ^BERYSTWtTH.' Mi? REESyisitsTREG.VRON first and last Tuesday m each Month at Mrs. Willi&hs, Stanley Housf Visits Machynlleth the Secoifc!1 and Fourth W&frtes- vay:l "LeaCw nth at Mrs-' R-' Jones, rhydin Street (opposite Lion Hotel). *!■'M^rw°F^e ls'and 3rd Saturday jn each month1 Slaters Arms. Gr°Cer' LlverP°o1 Hous^ (*sito yl1tfS^ai?lpr'!ter the Firat and Third Friday sineach Month, at R. Evans, milliner, 18, HarroW Square. CHARGES MODERATE. FOR PURE CONFECTIONERY IN ALL- VARIETIES GO TO MORGANS', AT j 16, TERRACE ROAD, 27, PIER STREET, AXD At WSOIESALE DEPOT- 55, NOnm PARADE. ABERYSTWYTH The only practical Sugar-Boiler in the town. Fifteen years oxperiencf. Shops supplied at lowest terms. FOR THE BEST SELFCTION- 0? AT.r, KINDS OF STOOLS, TABLE CCTLERY, ELECTRO-PLATED J GOODS;- Pt.CKj;T KNIVES, RAZORS AND SCISSORS,, CABS. AT WM. I-J, JONES' IRONMONGERS?' AND TOOL DEPOT, £ AR]\KT S1'REí'D; A BERYSTWYTH AtSa' !IIE LARGEST STOCK OF ENAMELLED WAKE, IN- TOWN.
Melons. Early-sown melons (growing in a house or pit, of course) will soon be ripening their fruit, and directly the first signs'of this appear, or a little sooner, the supply of water should be reduced, air be given more freely, and if any shading has been used it should be "discontinued. The object of this is to impart substance and flavour to the fruit, which if grown in a moist, close atmos- phere, or shaded at all, will be watery and insipid, liater crops should be still kept growing freely, but melons do not require the high temperatures and saturated atmosphere necessary for cucumbers. The fruit, whether many or few, must be all set at tbj same time, on each plant, and canker of the stem, to which plants are very liable, should be prevented by placing pieces of charcoal or lime- »st; !•(■ round tiie part, and also by keeping the watering-can away from the neck.
Poultry Notes. One great thing in poultry keeping, for which Nothing will compensate, is the flexible carefulness of good judgment; this must be frequently exer- cised during the changeable months, to ensure careful attention to all the needs of the birds, which Nature is prevented supplying, because they are not free. People often wonder why Summer chickens die off so. The reason is, they require different treatment to Spring chickens, and yet are treated the same. The consequence is they often die oif rapidly, and so bad results are gained through shelter and other things being neglected. Open air perches in runs and many other forms of outdoor and fresh air life must be provided during the sultry days, as chickens will soon die if they are confined too closely. In Lincolnshire the farmers and small holders are letting the birds go into the fields as well and thrive upon the various insects to be found there, and in the future wise agriculturists will wake up to the fact of the ex- tr.;rae importance of fowls and ducks as scavengers. Where people have rough sandy ground they often use this for rearing chickens on, and wonder why they die off. The sun is so hot, and the ground lends itself to the heat, and so the poor little tilings are nearly scorched. To remedy this a wire frame should be made, two or three feet high, three feet wide, and six or eight feet Ion, made slight, and covered \vith common calico stivtched over the top. They may be made smaller or larger, as required, according to the number kept. Young ducklings need such shading more even than chickens, and they will not thrive unless they are kept cool and comfortable.
.10. Women and Agriculture. In all excellent article on the above subject in The Woman's Agricultural Times," Sir James Blyth, says:—"If the regeneration of agriculture is to be, as we must all hope it wiU be, effected in this country, it must be looked for in the cultiva- tion of minor agricultural commodities such as are embraced in the French term" la petite culture," and in the more general employment of female labour. The time has long gone by when the British farmer could rely upon producing corn each year at a profit, since the growing of wheat, and indeed all varieties of corn, is open to the whole civilised world; and owing to its im- perishable character, combined with low rates of transport, the result of keen competition, there is no disadvantage to either producer or consumer however great the distance or in whatever far-oil land it may be grown. In fact, instead of the land of this country having any special merit for y I the cultivation of cereals over that of other parts of the globe, we, or rather the farmers of the old world, are really at a disadvantage owing to the millions of acres of uncultivated or virgin soil in distant and thinly populated territories. Among the industries comprised in the cultivation of the smaller agricultural products a principal place must he given to that of dairying, including milk- production, butter-making, and cheese-making; mud in lesser degree poultry and egg-production, and flower, fruit and vegetable growing. In each of these branches of agriculture the comparatively close proximity between producers and consumers in the United Kingdom gives the British farmer an undoubted advantage over his foreign or colonial competitors, since the perishable character of these comrii,,(Iitie., makes their freshness more or less a iiiat, .r of necessity day by day. By arousing an intelligent appreciation of the immense possibilities awaiting the larger employment of female labour in field and farm and garden, splendid service has been rendered to the agri- cultural interest, for by reason of their habits of neatness and their greater contentment with rural pursuits, women are infinitely better adapted than rom for the successful cultivation of these smaller articles of produce, in which not only is muscular strength unnecessary but their physical inferiority to tuen is far more than counterbalanced by their deftness in the lighter occupations of the dairy, poultry, and egg-production, the greenhouse and garden."
+ DOLGELLEY. CI*EL!>RA ACCIDENT.—On Wednesday evening Mrs. R. C. Evans, Caxton Hotel, met with an acci- dent whilst out cycling. She collided with a pedestrian in Cader Road, and was thrown off her machine and sustained much injury, and has since been laid up. THE STEAM ROLLER.-Cn Friday the new County steam roller passed through the town and drew much attention. The roller, which is under the charge of Mr. Lewis James Lewis, has been doing excellent work on the Llwyngwril road, to tli-e delight of the cyclists, and now is about to make quite as good work on the Barmouth road. The roller reflects great credit on its driver, both on its clean appearance as well as on the efficiency of the work done by it. It is evident that soon the roads of the district will give great satisfaction, even to cyclists. Lately, an engineer from the makers, who had been inspecting, testified that the driver had a masterly knowledge of the engine. 11 11 THE ORHKET CLUB.-On Wednesday the Dol- gelley Cr: •• Club played the students of St. Mary's Coll, Stoneyhurst, on the Marian. The students h. c been visiting the town every season for several years, and many an exciting match has taken place, the result being, until late years, a certain win to the visitors. However, lately they have been beaten several times. But, unluckily for the town team, on Wednesday the visitors won the match. The visitors scored 66 runs, and the town team 46 runs. THE BOARD SCHOOLS.—We have already pub- lished H. M. Inspector's report of Brithdir and Is- law'rdref Schools, and now the reports on the town schools have been announced, as follows :Boys' School: The instruction is given with diligence and success, and the character of the work, taken as a whole, now warrants the recommendation of the higher principal grant. Girls' School: This is an excellently disciplined and very successfully taught school. Infants' School: This school is diligently and carefully conducted, and on the whole continues to be in a creditable state of efficiency. The lower classes, however, do not reach the very satisfactory level of the unner classes of the school. 4 DR. WILLT UI'S SCHOOL.—The following pupils from Dr. illiarn's School were successful at the recent examination in drawing in connection with the Royal Drawing Society:—Division V Pass May Bebb (Birkenhead). Division IV Pass: Nora Mills, and Kathie Waring (Dolgelly), Jennie Webb (Lirkenhead), Annie Williams (Llanberis) ^y.10n 111 Honours: Kathie Waring, Annie Jtlharns, Dorothy Williams (Criccieth). Pass: Ma,be divans (Dowlais), Alexa Gossling (Buxton), May Jones, Catherine Roberts and Myfanwy Morris (Llanwchfiyn). Gwenellan Thomas (Nantlle) ..I,c,inie Webb, Edith Williams (Denbigh). Division II Honours•, Ivy "Bakes (Oxford), Vivian Vinms (Doige'.leyj, Catherine Roberts, Jennie Webb, Dorothy Wilffams. Edith Williams. Pass Auexa Gossling. Gwen- Griffith (Llanbedr) Oliver Hughes (Dolgelley), A, Jones (PrestatyA), Mav Jones. Division I Hon-owrs: Irv Baker, Alexa G;»s.*ling, Magg:e L. Williams (Dolgelley) Gwen BalHn Williatti., rLiveepool), Edith Williams. Pass -E'.La, Adams (London). Jennie Ellis (Dolgelley), Mabel Evans, Gwen Griffith* Betha Hughes (Dol- gelley). Oliver Hughes (Dbfeellev), Catherine Jones (Prestatyn), Mary Jowes (St. Asaph), Annie Jones (Carnarvon), Emily Morris (Oswestry), Amy Morgan CO irno), Nancy Owen (DoIgclIey), .Jane Owen (C-J.ruarvon) 100iver Parry (Dinas Dirlle), Sassie Pr;t :aard (Carnarvon'), Laura Pritchard (Rhus). •' ■ --in Michards (Llarebedr), Laura Rowe (Dolgelleyy. feat,rice and Eva Srnalley (Barmouth) Preparatory Division Pass: Ella Adams, Jane Owen, Lau; I 'lM\VC.