TALYBONT. PETTY SESSIONS—THURSDAY. A TEST CASE. Owen Morris, farmer, Tvnllechwedd, Llanfi- hangel, was summoned by Mr. Thos. Lewis, Custom j House Officer, Aberystwyth, for taking a quantity of shingle or ballast from the shores of the sea" after an order had been made prohibiting the remov- ing of the same at Borth Point, on May 9th last. Mr. Hugh Hughes (for Mr. A. J. Hughes), ap- peared for the prosecution, and Mr. Evan Evans for I the defence. j Mr. Hughes informed the Magistrates that the J prosecution did not ask for a vindictive penalty, J the proceedings being taken in order to deter I others from committing the same offence. The I defendant admitted sending a servant for the I shingle. | Mr. Evans submitted that a nominal fine would I be sufficient. The Chairman said people had been in the habit I of removing sand from the spot in question for the last twenty years. j A fine of Is was imposed. j I ASSAULT ON A MASTER MARINER. J. Davies, Fisherman, Borth, was summoned for assaulting John Hughes, master mariner, Lome Villa. Defendant did not appear. Prosecutor stated that about half past eight on the previous Saturday evening he came out of his sister's house at Borth and was walking up the road when lie met the defendant who was coming from the opposite direction. Defendant stopped and asked him when he hadany fish last. Witness re- plied that he never had any fish since John Williams, Aberdovey, was there. Defendant said What business has lie to bring up fish into this place and what business have you to go and sell fish ? but you'll get it from my brother Dick when he sees you.' Witness said, What has Dick got to do with me ? whereupon the defendant struck him in the nose with his fist, cutting the skin and causing it to bleed very much. P.C. Davies came up, and although he did not witness the assault he saw the state of witness's face. Witness added that he was in danger of his life—he could not I walk en the road without being in danger of his life.—The Magistrates Clerk In what way ?— Witness Through jealousy. He has been fighting and I've never fought in all my life. This is the first time I was ever before a magistrate and I am 64 years of age-The Clerk Has he made use of any threatening language?—Witness: No, but it is dangerous for me to go on the sand any time. —P.C. Lewis Navies proved seeing the prosecutor's nose bleeding immediately after the assault. He also saw the defendant who did not say anything in his presence. The officer added that the defendant was fined Zl four years ago for assault- ing the police, a similar amount for assaulting a railway porter, and he had also been convicted for drunkenness. A fine of 20s. and costs was im- posed. THOMAS' DAY OUT. Thos. Butterworth. is a leather dresser and lives in that charming seaside place, Borth. His abode is in Kentish Place. On August 2nd, Thomas, after inbibing a little ozone in the morning, proceeded to inbibe beer with more vigour than discretion, so that by 10 o'clock in the evening he WAS seen to pursue a zig-zaggish course along the thorough- fares, and to sway like a giant oak tree when blown by gusts of wind. Not content with these physical vagaries, the genial leather dresser also amused himself and annoyed others by shouting with great lustiness, cursing with great heartiness, and swearing with great gusto. P,C. Lewis Davies saw him home and decided to issue a summons against him. He is now the poorer by 10s and costs," so that it doesn't pay to get drunk. VERY WISE. Jane Jenkins, Talysarn, had taken out a sum- mons against Evan Morgan, Gwernddu, but neither put in an appearance, and the case was struck out. UNLICENSED CARRIAGES. Mr. William Robert Gregson, Machynys, Ynyslas, j gentleman, was sued by Mr. Thomas Cruikshank, ] supervisor of inland revenue, Aberystwyth, for keeping two carriages without a license, and was fined 40s. and costs. A NEGLECTFUL FARMER. David Jones, Llangronen farm, Dingesten. Mon- mouthshire, was summoned for neglecting to carry outeertain repairs atGwarfelin, Llancynfelin, as re- j quired by the sanitary inspect <>•■. | John Rowlands, Inspector "f Nuisance for the Aberystwyth Union, proved he..ing served notice jj on defendant in respect to his house, Gwarfelin, in the occupation of David i .vcn, to carry out I certain repairs in October, He had visited | the premises several times si.. and on the last occasion—about a month ago., was refused ad- J mittance. The notice had en complied with. ) An order was made to e(.i. with the notice before the 28th inst. | nOUTH SANITARY CASE. Miss S. C. Lewis. 2, Cambrian Terrace. Borth, was summoned at the instance of Mr. J. Rowlands, Sanitary Inspector of the Aberystwyth Rural Dis- trict Council, for neglecting within 14 days from service of notice to abatea nuisance at 2, Cambrian Terrace. Summonses bad been issued for a similar offence against the whole of the residents in Cambrian Terrace, Yiz., Thomas IVatkins, postman, vVm. It Roberts, confectioner, James E. Murphv, dentist, Rev. Evan Jones, James Jones, retired farmer, Samuel Prosser, schoolmaster. Miss Eleanor Morgan, John Morris, foundryman, W m. Morris and Lewis Morris, mariners, Mrs. Frances M. Sproston, Llewelyn Rees, shopkeeper. and Miss Catherine Owen. Mr. Hugh Hughes, appeared on behalf of the Aberystwyth Rural District Council, and Mr. Evan Evans, defended, Mr. W. K. Minshall (Oswestry) watched the case on behalf of the Cambrian Rail- way Company. MIt. Hughes said he appeared on behalf of the Aberystwyth Rurul District Council to support the application made by their Inspector, that the per- sons named should abate a nuisance arising in consequence of the connection of an overflow pipe from cesspools used by them in connection with their houses which emptied into a wooden trough at the back of the Cambrian Hotel. Mr. Hughes put in a plan of the locas in quo," and said the trough was laid down in 1856 for the purpose of carrying off surface drainage water from Ynys- fyrgyn. The trough was extended at the expense of the landowner further towards the sea, and he it was who kept it in repair. Since then the hotel and railway people had been repairing it from time to time. I he point which the magistrates had to decide was whether this trough was a sewer within the meaning of the Act, and'such a sewer as the Rural District Council were required to keep in repair at the expense of the parish. There was a nuisance existing, and he claimed they were entitled to an order to compel the owner to abate that nuisance, which was caused in consequence of the overflow from the various cesspools being con- ducted through those pipes into the trough, which emptied into the sea. They asked that the defen- dants should cut off the connection. He con- tended that this was not a sewer belonging to the Council which they were required to keep in repair, and he said it was not vested, and if it was not vested on the District Council, then they were en- titled to call upon the owners of these houses to abate the nuisance. If it were a sewer he con- tended that it was only a sewer for the purpose of carrying away the drainage water from the igyjrsh lands at the back, and not for the pur- pose of carrying off sewage matter from houses, having- regard to its origin. Even assuming that it was a sewer for certain purposes all the defendants would admit that it has always been a source of nuisance to Borth that this trough only went down three-quarters of the way below tide mark and discharged sewage matter on the shore at low tide, and what he contended was that no amount of repairing would abate thd nuisance. They could not call upon the Council to repair it because they would be calling upon them to perpetuate a nuisance, and further- more the foreshore was not vested in the District Council, and no one would require them to commit a trespass in order to repair a sewer. He would askthe Bench, therefore, to grant an order against the defendants making them to abate the nuisance by disconnecting these pipes and thereby present- J ing anything but the water from the marsh land | at the back passing through this trough into the J sea. 1 John Rowlands, inspector of nuisances under the J Aberystwyth Rural District Council, then gave I evidence. John Rowlands said there was a | nuisance in consequence of the outlet in the I wooden trough. He proved having served notice j on the owners and occupiers. He explained the I position of the cesspools, and he asked that the I defendants should disconnect the outlet pipes from 1 the cesspools. The proprietor of the hotel was not j summoned because he was anxious to fall in with J any reasonable arrangement. I The Chairman You don't suggest any alterna- I tive ? Mr. Hughes That is in the hands of the defen- dants. Mr. Evans I am going to contend that it is your duty to provide a sewer. Witness, proceeding, said the outlet was out of repair, and he had visited the spot for many years; at low tide the nuisance was awful, and he had received many complaints. The trough did not extend to low water; it would be 30 or 40 yards from the water's edge at high spring tides. He did not consider that it was possible to make it a servicable pipe by repairing it. That was not the right position to place it. He would not construct a wooden trough for the purpose Qf carrying sewage, but iron pipes, and he would extend it 50 yards, so as to carry it below low water' mark. Cross-examined by Mr. Evans: About 14 houses drained altogether into the trough, together with the Railway Station and the Cambrian Hotel. There was an 18 inch drain from the railway station down to the edge of the water; he could not say what it was made of. He could not say that an 18 inch drain was sufficient to carry the water from Ynisfergi land, and to drain all the houses named and the station. He should think it would be enough. If he were an Inspector at the time lie would not have allowed a wooden trough to be made. He had repaired the trough on two different occasions, and the District Council paid the cost. No one interfered with him whilst repairing it. It was possible to replace it, at considerable cost, by iron pipes, and extend it below water mark. If that was done the nuisance would be removed to a certain extent, but there would always be a nuisance there. It had no business to be there at all; he wouVl put it up in the river somewhere. Mr. Evans: There is no public sewer made by the District Council at Borth, and one is very badly wanted there !—Witness Yes, badly. Supposing they carried out your notice and dis- connected, and did nothing else, what would be the result ? What would become of the overflow— they would create a greater nuisance wouldn't they? They ought to have a remedy themselves. It's not my business to have drains for them (laughter). As long as you can get rid of the nuisance you don't care what other nuisance is created?—No, no, no, I don't say that I would not serve them with another notice, very quick too (laughter.) By Mr. Hughes He would expect them to clear out the cesspools after they got filled up. If the covered drain was only a 10 inch one, it would not be sufficient to carry effectually, the drainage from the land and the houses. If he laid down drain pipes he would have the outlet to the North. Mr. Evans It has been sufficient for 30 years ?— Witness: Yes, but it's blocked up. Mr. Evans Your suggestion is that the river Lerry should be polluted in order to carry this away ?—Witness "polluted"—What do you mean ? (laughter.) There are no houses down at Bontddu. Richard James, son of the late Enoch James, occupier of Brynllys farm, explained the origin of the trough in 1856. When the drains were brought to the other side of the railway, it was taken in a wooden trough laid underground to the foreshore. This was constructed for carrying the surface water of Ynisfergi, and it was laid down at the expense of the trustees of the Gogerddan Estate, It was never intended to carry sewage matter. Mr. Hughes: Would you consider this perishable trough an effectual sewer ? Mr. Evans: I object to the question, I would accept Mr. James' opinion on any question of farming but not on this. Witness spoke as to the nuisance caused at the outlet. Cross-Examined: Since 1863 the houses had always drained through this trough into the sea. The District Council spent 9,2 in repairing the trough last summer. By Mr. Hughes Notice was given to the owners to repair it, but they refused. Thomas Roberts, labourer, who had been engaged in laying down the covered trough, said its size was 8 x n. Mr. Hughes said that was his case. Mr. Evans then addressed the Bench. He said the great question at issue between them was whether the trough was a sewer within the mean- ing of the Act. That depended upon the definition of the word in the Public Health Act of 1895. Drain meant any drain used for the drainage of one building only. Everything that was not a drain was a sewer. Whatever drained two houses was a sewer. These pipes drained the whole and the moment at which the drains of these different houses meet together from there on it became a sewer. The word sewer, according to a high authority, should receive the largest possible in- terpretation, and as it was clear that all these buildings drained into this trough, it must be a sewer within the meaning of the section. If this was a sewer, as lie contended it was, then they had nothing whatever to do with it. It was in exist- ence before the Act of 1875 was passed and under section 13 of that Act all existing and future sewers within the district of the local authority shall vest in and be under the control of such local authority." This drain, whatever it was intended for originally, drained the whole of these houses before the passing of the Act of 1875, and the moment the Act was passed it vested in the local authority, and every local authority should keep in repair all sewers belonging to them. His friend, Mr. Hughes, would try to explain away that definition by saying that a part of this sewer was on private property, the foreshore; but he could quote a case, Travis v. Duttley, in which it was decided that although the drain went over private property that it was still a sewer, inasmuch as it was used for three houses. Mr. Evans quoted other cases to support his contentions, and said, assuming this was a private drain, it was the duty of the local authority to make a drain serve the purposes of these houses. They had not (lone so, therefore they could not go against these de- fendants, and asked them to abate the nuisance because the nuisance was caused by the local authority not carrying out their duty. The District Council was called into existence to serve the public, and it was their duty to provide a sewer. Mr. Hughes contended that this was not a sewer repairable by the District Council. He quoted the case of the Queen v. West Cowes, where it was held that the portion of a sewage which went through private property could not be taken into account. That showed, he said, that the Magistrates had no authority to impose upon the Council the obligation of repairing a sewer which passed through private property, for the reason that the moment they attempted to do so the Crown might come upon them and say they were trespassing. Besides any repair they might make to the trough would not be effectual to prevent a nuisance. Mr. Hughes proceeded to quote cases to bear out his contentions in his opening statement, and said the defendants deserved no assistance or favour from the Magistrates because they had not adopted the course laid down by law, that was to apply to the Local Government Board to decide as to how the houses were to be effectually drained. If the cesspools were not effectual drainage let them appeal to the Local Government Board, and what the Local Government Board said the District Council were bound to execute. The Magistrates deliberated for some time in private, and the Chairman afterwards announced that they had decided to make an order that each of the defendants should comply with the notice to abate the nuisance within 14 days. They granted costs against the defendants.
Welsh Industries EXHIBITION, at ABERYSTWYTH. The College Hall lent itself admirably to the purposes of the Exhibition, and during Wednesday and Thursday the building was as bright and busy as an oriental bazaar. Colonel Davies-Evans, in opening the Exhibition congratulated the Associa- tion on the progress it had made during the past year, and thought that, both as regarded the number and variety of the exhibits, the exhibition was a much greater success even than that at Carmarthen last year. The Association was deeply indebted to the College authorities for the hospitality they had extended, and for the beautiful rooms they had placed at the disposal of the Association. He pointed out that the weaving industry largely predominated among the specimens of Welsh craft in that room. Other industries were fairly well represented, but he was sorry to find that many which he should have been glad to see there were conspicuous by their absence. Among them he mentioned shoemaking, which, he thought, was a very considerable trade in Wales, and the manufacture of stringed instruments, such as the harp. The Lord Lieutenant, in concluding, said hefelt sure that they would all feel with him the very deepest sympathy with their president, Lady Lisburne, in the sudden calamity which had be- fallen her. There were many of them who had lost a very sincere and genuine friend in the death of Lord Lis -urne, and he thought he might say the county b,:d lost a landlord who had set them an example by staying at home and doing his duty to his tenantry and neighbours, not only by taking a personal interest in their welfare, but in the practical work of their lives. He was afraid Lord Lisburne's death was a blow so sudden that they hardly realised the loss they had sus- tained. Carmarthenshire was well and influentially re- presented. Among those who graced the exhibi- tion with their presence from that county we noticed Lady Drummond of Edwinsford (the wife of the Lord Lieutenant); Lady Hills-Johnes and the Misses Johns, of Dolaucothy: Mrs. Gwynne- Hughes Glancothy; Mr. and Mrs. Gwynne-Hughes, y I Tregib, Llandilo Mr. and Mrs. Richardson, Glanbrydan Park; Miss Lewis, Capel Issa; Mr. and Mrs. Lewes Thomas, Caeglas Mrs. David Evans, and the Misses Evans (2), Glangennech Park; Mrs. and the Misses Morris (2), Coomb Mr. and Mrs. 'J. Gwynne-Hughes, of Tregib; Miss Hancock, Troedybryn; Mrs. Saunders Davies, Pentre; Miss Hann and Miss George, Newcastle mlyn; Mrs. Grismond Phillips, Cwmgwili. Among those present from Cardiganshire we noticed Col. Davies-Evans, the lord-lieutenant, and Mrs. Davies-Evans; Mr. Vaughan Davies, M.P.; Sir Griffith and Lady Evans, Lovesgrove; Sir James Szlumper; Mrs. Morgan, Nantceiro Mr. and Mrs. Edward Powell, Nanteos; Mrs. and Miss Lewis, Llanllear: Mrs. Francis, Wallog; Mr. and Mrs. Loxdale, Castle Hill; Major Hugh Bonsall and Mrø. Bonsall: the Misses Tyler, Mount Gurnos the Bishop of St. David's; Mr. H. C. Fryer and Mrs. Fryer; Mrs. Principal Roberts; Mr. D. C. Roberts, mayor of Aberystwyth, and Miss Roberts; Mr. John Jenkins, ex-mayor; Aldermen Peter Jones, C. M. Williams, Palmer, and David Roberts and Mrs. Roberts; Mr. J. D. Perrott, the county trea- iturer; Mr. J. Lloyd Lewis, The Bank, Mr. J. H. Davies and the Misses Davies, Cwrtmawr; Mr. A. J. Hughes, town clerk; Mr. William Jones, Ffosheulog Miss Jones, Fronygog. It went without saying that the presiding genius of the Exhibition was Mrs. Gwynne Hughes, of Tregib, the Association Secretary for Carmarthen. It must have been very gratifying to Mrs. Gwynne Hughes to find the Exhibition such a complete success, especially so when it was acknowledged on all sides that she did more than any other individual to bring it to such a successful issue. It was a matter of genuine regret that Mrs. J. C. Harford of Falcondale, the County Association Secretary for Cardiganshire was unable to be present owing to ill health. Mrs. Harford has taken the greatest interest in the success of the Welsh Industries from the commencement, fortunately, however, for the Exhibition, it found an able and active supporter in Mr. J. C. Harford, to whose suggestion and energy the success of last week's gathering is due in no mean degree. Among those who rendered special service at the stalls none were more active than Mrs. Morgan, Nantceiro Mrs. Evans, Glangennech Park, and the Misses Evans; and Miss Lewes, Llanllear. Men- tion should also be made of the services of Mr. J. D. Perrott and Alderman C. M. Williams, who were most assiduous in assisting in every possible way. Miss Kate Lloyd, Victoria House, and Messrs. T. W. Powell and J. P. Thomas, also gave valuable aid during the Exhibition. Fully worth four hundred pounds of goods were sold at the Exhibition Stalls during the two days it lasted, and not a few of the weavers established new business connections. Mr. Thomas Morgan, of Llanelly, exhibited specimens of his Rosemary Soap," which deserves to be better known and patronized. This soap is mild and pure, and has not been adulterated with foreign materials. It acts as a fuller for flannels, and is an effective linen cleanser. It has, besides, an aroma which makes good its name. Few articles drew more attention than the Welsh wedding dress of 1810. The material for the dress was made on a hand loom by Mr. Thomas Davies, a Cardiganshire weaver, for his daughter's marriage. It was made of the finest single wool and silk yarn, and was the best dress of the wearer for 70 years, The material of the old dress was poplin, of a green metallic lustre. Mr. Thomas Bowen, Maesyfelin, Llanybyther, exhibited a modern reproduction of the old material. ♦ The exhibit of the Paxton Society proved quite a feature of the Exhibition. The members, acting upon a suggestion made by Mr. T. Mortimer Green, the Registrar, and Professor Middleton, appro- priated the spacious entrance to the College and succeeded in making a floraL display that won the admiration and enhanced the pleasure of every visitor to the exhibition. + The broad and handsome staircase to the right was occupied by a chaste group of plants, lent chiefly by Mr. Askew, Midway Nurseries, and others. The group made a fine display, thanks to the judicious intermingling of foliage and flowering plants of excellent quality. Choice Palms, Ferns, Draccenas, Bamboo's, Pandanuses, Beronicas, and other bright foliage plants contributed in a large measure to make an attractive group. The large circular quadrangle was devoted to an interesting display of plants, fruit, flowers, and vegetables, and considering the dry season these exhibits reflected the highest credit upon the cultivators, especially so as they were exhibited entirely without any inducement in the way of prizes. The plants, &c., were arranged on tables ranging round the room, and these being covered with white paper lent a cleanly and chaste appearance to the exhibits, all of which were exceedingly tastefully set up. A large table filled with plants and flowers from the gardens of Sir Pryse Pryse, Gogerddan, and arranged by Mr. Vearey, the head gardener, was greatly admired, the large tray of vegetables and two bunches of black grapes being especially commended. A small group of stove and greenhouse plants, and a table of ohoicc fruit from the same gardens made up a bright and z, pleasing display. Mrs. Powell, Nanteos, sent a large collection of splendidly grown vegetables, and a table of choice stove plants and flowers. Mr, L. Hopkins, the gardener, excelling himself in displaying these to the best advantage, and his efforts were highly appreciated by the visitors, as was also the case of Black Hambro, and Muscat of Alexandra Grapes, and dishes of Apples. Captain Cosens, Bron-Padarn, again came cheer- fully forward to assist the gardeners in their laudable efforts to popularise the higher arts of their profession, by sending a highly educational stand of rare and valuable flowering- shrubs and conifers, which are seldom found growing in the open garden, yet which appears to be quite at home and thoroughly happy at Bron-Padarn. Amongst other interesting things, one noticed Chozsia Ternate, a native of Mexico, Bamboos from the Himalayas, Japan, &c., as well as Pomegranates, Olive trees, New Zealand Flax, Chusan Palms, Judas tree, the Tree of Heavan, the Silk Worm Tree of China, the Willow Pattern Tree of China (in flower), and many others. All these trees and shrubs are considered very tender and easily susceptible to damage by cold winds and frost, yet the whole of them have been grown out in the open garden at Bron-Padarn, without the slightest protection in winter. This speaks volumes for the favourable climatic conditions of Aberystwyth, especially in winter, and particularly so as Captain Cosens's garden is situated in an exposed position on the hill-side, In addition to the above Mr. R. Pateman (Captain Cosens's head gardener) staged a large miscellaneous group of herbaceous and other flowers comprising several fine varieties of perennial Sunflowers and Asters, Zinnias, Celocias, Dahlias, &c. Mr. Davies, Head Gardener to Alderman W. H. Palmer, filled a table with a choice collection of fruit and vegetable of first-class quality, these were interspersed with pretty little Cocos Weddelliana, and Kentia, Belmorean, Palms and Vases of cut flowers. # >k The Cottagers, perhaps with a view to utility, confined their efforts chiefly to vegetables, yet the table which continued their exhibits was by no means the least interesting part of the display. Their potatoes were excellent, and the same may be said about Runner Beans, Beet. Root, Vegetable Marrows, and Cauliflowers. Exhibits in this section were made by Mr. Lloyd, Nanteos Lodge Mr. T. C. Hughes, Llanbadarn Mr. F. Hutchins, Penparke; and Mr. J. Rodgers, Llanbadarn. The credit of the amateur section was well maintained by Mr. Griffith, Pcnglais-road, who sent four dishes of good apples, and by Mr. Purton, North Parade. The latter gentleman sent the four large specimen ferns which made such a feature in the centre of the quadrangle, and a box of almost perfect tomatoes, as fine as any seen at the local shows this year, and three fine bunches of grapes. Small collections of vegetables were staged by Masters A. Pickard and S. Weller, and an interesting collection of Kentish grown fruit and hops by Miss Edith Weller, and a bright collection of capsicums and other plants by the Corporation of Aberystwyth. Mr. Vearey, Mr. Hopkins, Mr. Davy, Mr. Pate- man, and Mr. Purton each contributed specimens of high quality, pure honey, in bar frames, sections, and jars. Quite an Oriental touch of elegance and charm was lent to the entrance of the College by the happy idea of covering the massive pillars with light and graceful Bamboos-sent by Capt. Cosens —many of them being ten feet high and finely branched. Mr. Pickard, U.C.W., and Mr. Weller, the Corporation Gardener, were chiefly responsible for the arrangement, and their efforts, 'backed up by the cheerful help of other members of the Society, were highly succesful.
Business Notices. NEW MARKET HALL, ARKET STREET, A BERYSTWYTH. FURNISHED with STALLS for Butter, Cheese and Jt* Egg Merchants, Corn Merchants., Green Grocers, Crockery Dealers, Flannel Merchants, Vendors of Toys, &c. FIRST-CLASS CONCERT & BALL ROOM With Seating Accommodation for 700 Persons. Stage fitted with Beautiful Sceneries suit- able for Dramatic Entertainments. Every Convenience for School Treats and Private Parties. Catering undertaken for Excursionists, &c. D. M. HAMER, PROPRIETOR. EAGLE RESTAURANT, 20 GREAT DARKGATE s TTIEET. NEWLY OPENED. SITUATION CENTRAL. HOT DINNERS AT I O'CLOCK EVERY MONDAY. REASONABLE CHARGES. EVERY CONVENIENCE Commodious Rooms, Suitable for Clubs, Committees, &c. DAVID MICHAEL MASON, STANLEY ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH, Begs to inform the Public that he has commenced Business at the above address. JOBBING WORK DONE AT MODERATE CHARGES HOPKINS & SON, BUILDERS AND CONTRACTORS, ABERYSTWYTH. NOTICE. JOHN ROBERTS, TOBACCONIST, 259 TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH Begs to inform the Public that he has opened a BRANCH SHOP at the CORNER OF BATH STREET, AND TERRACE ROAD, AS A TOBACCONIST AXD HAIR-CUTTING AND SHAVING SALOON. One Price for all-Hair-Cutting, 4d; Shaving, 2d. AGENT FOR GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY CD. LTD. ANTI-DYSPEPSIA MIXTURE, the great remedy for all forms of INDIGESTION, Pains in the Head, Giddiness, Dizziness of the Eyes, Loss of Appetite, Wind in the Stomach, Oppressiveness after Food, Shortness of Breath, Costiveness, Restless Sleep, Depression of Spirits, &c. Sold in Bottles, 2s. each. Prepared only by the Proprietor- T. JONES, A.P.S., CHEMIST AND DENTIST, POST OFFICE, TRE3AEDN Business Notices. WARD & Co., ABERYSTWYTH BAZAAR, 8, Great Darkgate Street, ABERYSTWYTH SPECIALITIES A LARGE RANGE OF HEAL STONES AND PEBBLE GOODS (New stock). We have the LARGEST VARIETY of MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL, AND STEAM TOYS IN WALES. Colour Boxes and Drawing Materials. 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USE THE CRYSTAL PERISCOPIC SPECTACLES TO BE HAD AT ABOVE ADDRESS. JOHN JONES, J^UILDING J^/JATERIAL J^/JERCIIANT, MONUMENTAL YARD, fJIREGARON, SOUTH WALES. 1 MONUMENTS AND TOMBSTONES OF ALL SIZES IN STOCK. Dentistry. ESTABLISHED 40 YEARS. MESSRS MURPHY & ROWLEY, SURGEON DENTISTS, Honorary Dentists to the Aberystwyth Infirmary and Cardiganshire General Hospital. ADDRESS— 54, TERRACE ROAD, A BERYSTWYTH MR. ROWLEY begs to announce that he is now able to undertake Gold and all other Fillings, Crowns, Bridge-work and all the latest improvements in Modern Dentistry. Artificial Teeth in the latest English and American Styles. TEETH EXTRACTED PAINLESSLY UNDER GAS. Mr R. visits Machynlleth, Towyn, Aberayron, Tre- garon and Lampeter. Patients can be attended to any day at Aber- ystwyth. All at the most Moderate Charges. Full particulars on application. Business Notices. THE ABERYSTWYTH JgNAMELLED s LATEII-ORKS, ROPEWALK, A BERYSTWYTH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. Slabs of every description always in stock. Prices and estimates on application. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THE BEST QUALITY GO TO EDWIN PETERS, 51, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, 51, (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Boots and Shoes of every description. Repairs on shortest notice BILLPOSTING IN ABERYSTWYTH. y Trying to do business without advertising is like winking in the dark. You may know what you are doing, but nobody else does." SEND YOUR POSTERS TO THE ABERYSTWYTH AND DISTRICT BILLPOSTING CO., Proprietors of the largest and BEST Hoardings in Aberystwyth and District. Send for list of Stations. Billposting done on most reasonable terms. Advertisers invited to inspect the Hoardings of this Company. Satisfaction guaranteed. Address all communications and parcels to- HERR PAREEZER, .BILLPOSTINO Co., u PAREEZER HALL, QUEEN'S SQUARE, ABERYSTWYTH. 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X. At the Welsh Industries Exhibition. After -v.ch ?n nn,n.>(.te/l nnd deserved success at its recent Exhibition, it is but. natural that the promoters of the Welsh Industries Exhibition, ana the large array of handiworks whi-ii they laid before th public shuuUl commai-d more than a passing notice at my bands. Writing as one who has now been cor more than a decade of time in close practical touch with work done under the auspices of the Homes' Arts and Industries Association, I am bound i. confess that the show in our College far exceedea my most sanguine expectations. There bas never been a doubt in my mind that it is one's bounden duty to encourage oar rural popu- lation, especially in such works of beauty and utility, which can be done in the homes, when the day's task is over and time is apt to hang heavily on the hands. The most unlikely persons occasion- ally turn out the most unexpected results; for instance, a cowherd, who was certain he could do nought like it." took to simple wood carving, and before me is a veritable triumph of his tool in the form of a well-carved finger-plate for the door. Leaving to other hands any remarks on the tex- tile, and floral exhibits, let me turn the reader's attention to some things which I notice in the wood-carving, iron work, painting, harp playing, and other kindred objects. No or" those who have pursued iL, and those who have practically encouraged it, can tell the joy there is in store for a person who takes up wood-curving, and who determines to overcome all difficulties, and to turn out work of the highest quality, which shall be 'a thing of beauty and a joy for ever.' The spinning stool, fresh from the lingers or tliat I true Welsh girl, Miss Gwenllian Jones, carved in her ancestral house of Gellifaharen, that fair horns- stead near Llandvssul, deserved all the attention it received; she has but to steadily pursue her chosen art to excel in it; and ere many years have passed away, I doubt not but that we- shall see her handiwork in some communion table and chair for .the hou.jo cf prayer she loves, and other articles t^Tiich shall adorn the home and become amongst its heirlooms. 1 Bent irOA Work is a most fascinating pursuit, and I <yere I asked to name the one object above all the Others at the show which deserves especial com- ment and praise, I think I should honestly bs obliged to notice that well-wrought and highly- finished fire-guard, from the hands of Miss Lewes. of Llanlear. 0 Seldom have I seen a better speci- men of this art; whilst running it close (and he will do better yeí if he persevere) was the circular stand by Mr. Art our Goldsmith, 01 i-erryside. Bent iron work, more almost than any other art, Tequires the greatest delicacy and exactness in its treatment, and is an admirable method of teaching perseverance and neatness. Other ironwork exhibited deserves a passing remark, notably the horscsho.-?, and the solid fire irons, which showed much care in their execution. Another year should shew a great increase in these useful articles. It cannov, be too clearly understood, nor too often reiterated that it is much better to begin working for an exhibition as many months as possible before hand. Nothing is gained by delaying until the last moment, then the inevitable hurry and scramble assert themselves and (he. work suffers in con- sequence. Besides which the pleasure and profifc of working during the long winter nights are lost. Intending exhibitors will do well to noe these points. The numerous water colour drawings by Miss B. A. PugLe Llic representative of a family well known in our midst—came in for a deservedly large share of attention. Seldom was it, if at all, that groups of people were not to be seen hovering round her Venice, Abcrdovcy, and Towyn views. Miss Pughe might do worse than give us an exhibi- tion of her handiwork by itself next season. A "One man show has many claims, not the least being that it is then possible to compare notes as to growth in treatment and effect- In model furniture, a chest of drawers done by John Jenkins (junior), of Aberystwyth, claims especial notice, if only to shew what is possible to be done when care and attention are paid to every detail. He will do well to make such work his continual study and practice. Why not try his hand on the model of a Venetian curriole chair ? The writer can place a county prize piece at his disposal for a pattern. The inkstands and other objects by William Jones, of Gogerddan Cottages, had distinct persona- lity of their own, and more from his hands should certainly be seen at some future exhibition, I have known the Towy Coracles from 1867 and was anticipating much pleasure in comparing them with their Tivy brothers, but it was not ta be this time. Coracle fishing is amongst the very oldest of our Welsh industries, some day possibly we may have a reliable work dealing with the history of the coracle from earliest times. A liberal prize offered by the National Eisteddfod Commmittee might _possibly cause such a work to be forthcoming. The public is indebted to the exhibitors who brought their coracles at their own expwo, though it is to be regretted that necessity com- pelled them to take them away before all could see them. J I listened with pleasure to the harpist, who knew his instrument well, and played it as only one can who loves it. With just that indescribable Romany touch Telynor Meirion made his harp vibrate as with a living soul. If Welsh Industries need encouragement so too does harp playing. Harpists who can handle the triple stringed instrument are becoming rare, can- not some help in this direction be forthcoming from a Welsh County Council i Wo have grants for butter and cheese lectures, manures and wood carving, drawing and fertilizers, why not also for harp playing and culture ? It is strange 'and somewhat sad to notice the aure, gradual falling off in the art-for art it is-of producing a model of a Welsh woman dressed in the national costume of the early part of the i century. I say this advisedly. Before me is a model of a Gower woman, dressed by a lady resident some 60 years. Every detail is perfect and to a scale of measurement; there arc the shoes to take off, the fine stockings, the basket with fowls and butter, modelled in wax, the hat, a veritable triumph of art, the cap and the wintle. Contrast this with a modern doll with a fringe, a hat ouJ; of all proportion to the body, and something like a surgical bandage across her forehead. Great indeed is the fall. The model dolls at the Exhibition were a disappointment and a sorrow. Honey is more and more coming to the front, and like coracles and harp playing is essentially Sndegenous to Welsh soil. Before long, if I mistake not, bee farms will be far more numerous in our midst than is now the case. The honey at the Exhibition was excellent in flavour, colour and density. Cannot our cottagers' round Aberystwyth do more in this direction ? I One word in conclusion. The Cardiganshire and Carmarthenshire Branches of the Welsh Industries Association have put their hands to a noble bit of work; excellent as their Show has been this year, it is but a very small thing indeed to what it may become, and what it will assuredly become if they receive the support which they deserve. Many a young man and a young woman away in the midst of our eternal mountains are but waiting as it were for the touch of some fairy wand, to awaken the powers now lying dormant within them, to put their hands to the very work which the Association -desires to encourage. Rome was not built in a day; no. nor are Welsh Industries established and encouraged by two shows, 'tis sticking" that does it, as the boy said in eating his cake, and 'tis perseverance and determination which will lead on the Association to success. Let ns one ?nd all put. our shoulders to the wheel and push. PHILIP SYDNEY.
FOOTBALL. NOTES BY EDGE-HILL. At the outset my congratulations to John Henry on his welcome return, and now, my near friend, let us hear no more of retirement until the year 1910. If the players consider my criticisms too severe I trust they will take it in the spirit in which it is meant, i.e., to spur them on to do a great deal better next time. I am not the one to go into ecstasy over a victory, and I do not go into lamentations over a defeat. neither will I go so far as to say that we were smashed, pulverized, and mystified, but this much I will say that we were beaten handsomely and by a far better team on the day's play. They were a well balanced team all round. Not a weak spot in the whole lot, and moreover, in splendid con- dition which is more than can be said of the home team for they were palpably blowing long before the match was over. Now the question comes in what was the cause of this severe defeat Want of condition and combination. Our men were painfully slow compared with the other side, who were as agile as cats and always on the ball, and always made straight for goal as quickly as possible. Their half backs kept their line intact, and fed their forwards beautifully, and they took every advantage which was in striking- con- trast to our own men, who at times, were jumbled up together like a bundle of sticks, and it was a puzzle to tell which was which and who was who. True they fought as hard as Trojans, but what's the use of hard fiehtinir if there is no method. And now let us analyse the play in the various departments of the game, taking Goal first. On the one side a Goal-keeper who kept to his post and attempted no risks, did not jumble with the ball, and cleared splendidly. A couplet of doggerel will suffice for the other. He that fights and runs from his goal Deserves to be put in a deep black hole." But surely this is not Evans's true form. I, for ore will not believe it. and fully expect him to I play a far better game against the Druids next Saturday. Arthur Green was painfully slow and I for once in a way met his match in the opposing half who stuck to him like a leech. There was not an ounce of powder behind the second penalty shot, which the goalkeeper simply cansrht in his hands and threw away. As I have said previously, the half backs played hard but with no method, they did not feed their forwards judiciously, and did not back up sufdcie/sly. There were times when a matter of nearly" 9 yards separated the forwards from the halves, This is not as it should be. Suppose a regimewit of soldiers went into action with a broken line, what would be the consequence ? Why, demoralization would quickly set in, and so it is with football which is a parallel to a regiment. There is some excuse for Edwards, this being his first appearance on the field this season. The right wing played very well for the first 15 minutes, but after that combination went to the winds. Perhaps it was a mistake to put Jenkins inside. He is on account combination went to the winds. Perhaps it was a mistake to put Jenkins inside. He is on account of his speed essentially an outside man. I not j blame Morgan so mucij for he played a hard un- blame Morgan so much for he played a hard un- tiring game, I bl?."hie Jenkins for wanting to do nearly all the work of the outside man, although he had hard lines in not scoring when the shot hit the post. There was the same lack of combina- tion noticeable on the left, although they did some smart things at times. At one time Evans could I be seen 15 yards behind Barson, at another lying yards offside with Barson in the centre of the field, I Barson should remember that he was playing inside left, and not centre half or centre forward, for he played to those men much more than he did to his partner. Our two full backs played very well I considering the pressure they had to bear. There is no need for the team to weep, & put on sackcloth ynd ashes, for very often good is the outcome of defeat. I am in hopes of their rendering a better account of themselves against their formidable rivals next Saturday. Nay, I will go further and say, 1 feel sure they will. One question I should like to ask is this, what has be- come of Bennett, I am not in his confidence, neither am I a member of the inner circle of the club, therefore I cannot speak as to the cause of his absence. If there is a cause, I trust it will speedily be removed. I saw Bennett play several fine games the first half of last season, but somehow or other he did not seem to do himself full justice during the latter part. I am under the impression that he was somewhat neglected, for I saw him on several occasions standing a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes without the ball being passed to him and this mark you, when the wind was not a factor to feed the right. I have an impression that the sooner he is reinstated into his old position the better it will be for the Club. I had fully intended to have referred to other Welsh games and the English league teams, but I have already overrun my space.