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TRANSVAAL WAR FROM DAY to DAY. Lord Roberts was able to announce yesterday that he outflanked the Boer THURSDAY, forces under Generals De Wet and Delarey, and that they were in full retreat towards the north and east. In a despatch dated Osfontein, Wednesday, 4-30 p.m., he said the Cavalry Division turned the Boers left flank, thus opening the road for the Sixth Division, which ,at noon was advancing without having been obliged to fire a shot. The cavalry, artillery, and mounted infantry, closely followed the retreating Boers, while the Seventh and Ninth Divisions and the Guards' Brigade were making their way across the river at Poplar's Drift. In the evening Lord Roberts had made this drift his head-quarters. His forces, he telegraphed, had had a very successful day, having completely routed the Boers. The position they had occupied was extremely strong and cunningly arranged, with a second line of entrenchments, which would have caused our troops heavy loss had a direct attack been made. The turning movement was necess- arily wide, owing to the nature of the ground, and the cavalry and horse artillery horses are now much done up. Lord Roberts telegraphed at one o'clock yesterday afternoon from FRIDAY. Poplar Grove, that two brigades of cavalry with horse artillery, and the Sixth division of infantry, had marched ten miles eastwards that day. The Boers, be said, wore quite taken by surprise on Wednesday, and moved off so hurriedly that they left their cooked dinners behind. Our forces captured a Krupp gun and several tents and waggons. Two British officers and two of the rank and file were killed, 49 men and officers were wounded, and one was reported missing. Referring to the position of affairs in Northern Cape Colony, Lord Roberts said General Gatacre reported that he intended occupying Burghersdorp that day, and the repairing of the railway towards both Stormberg and Steynsberg was being pushed on. General Clement's nowl occupied the south bank of the Orange River at Norval's Pont. The bridge was blown up on the 6th inst., and the Boers were holding the north bank of the river, but not, it was believed, in any great strength. Lord Roberts says that both Boer Presidents were with the beaten army, SATURDAY and did their utmost to rally it. The rout," he continues, was complete, the enemy declaring that they could not stand against British artillery and such a form- idable force of cavalry." For the first time in the war there seems to have been something like a panic. The Boers with the fate of Cronje before them fled before our troops were able to get to close quarters, and indeed their flght seems to have been justified by the results. Their position even if it were capable of defence was strategically bad, and to have remained would have meant a great defeat and the capture of very many prisoners. A news agency states that'the Presi- dents of the Transvaal and the Orange MONDAY. Free State telegraphed from Bloem- fontein on Tuesday last, inquiring of the British Government on what terms they would cease hostilities. A meeting of the Cabinet was hastily convened, and it is said there is reason to believe that an uncompromising reply was sent to the Boer Presidents. It does not ap- pear to be definitely known, however, that this was the tenure of the message. Lord Roberts has tele- graphed to the allied Presidents, complaining of abuse of the white flag by the Boers, and stating that explosive bnllets have been found in General Crouje's and other laagersi He describes the breaches'of the recognised usages of war as a dis- grace to any civilised Power, and gives notice that if there are any further abuses of the white flag, he will be reluctantly compelled to order his troops to disregard it. He has asked the British Govern- ment to communicate the terms of his message to all the neutral Governments. Lord Roberts also sent some particulars yesterday of fighting on Saturday. The Boers, he says, from their intimate knowledge of the country, gave our men consider- able trouble, but did not prevent them from reaching their destination. The Welsh and the Essex Regiments turned them out of two strong positions at the point of the bayonet. He had not 1 been able to ascertain the number of the British casualties before resuming his march. About 20 Boers were captured, and 102 of their dead were left on the field. In Natal Sir A Hunter, with 12,000 men, is moving against the left of the Boer I position in the Biggarsberg, and in Cape Colony all the British columns arc pushing forward to the Orange River. There are various statements as to the negotiations for peace. Accord- TUESDAY. ing to one Mr Kruger has sent a message direct to Lord Salisbury, and according to others an appeal has been made to the Great Powers and the Govern- ments of Belgium, Holland, and Switzerland asking them to intervene. It is stated at Washington that the Government of the United States will serve as an intermediary to transmit an appeal for peace or for a: statement of terms upon which peace could be secured. Germany has refused to intervene. Bloemfontein has been entered by the British troops under General French.


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