THE LEISURE HOUR. WIDTICIC.-This column is devoted to better thoughts for quiet moments. Can the wiles of Art, the grasp of Power Snatch the rich relics of a well-spent hour ? These, when the trembling spirit wings her flight, Pour round her path a stream of living light. ROGERS. The king is the least independent man in hi. flominione; the beggar the most. A. W, HARE. There is DO such thing in this world as independ- ence, unless in a savage stage. F. MARRYATT. Progr«ssion of a people can scarcely *>egin all they are independent J. MARTINEATT. To be truly and really independent, is to support Ourselves by our own exertions. JANS PORTER. To «ecure independence, the practice of simple •Conomy is all that is necessary. S. SMILES. That independence without wealth is more Common and pure than with it, ia not a paradox. A. H. MOTTB.
Rest. IN MEM.ORIAM, J. H. My feet are wearied, and my hands are tied, My soul oppressed- And I desire, what I have long desired- Rest—only rest. lis hard to toil, when toil is almost vain, In barren ways. lis hard to sow, and never garner grain In harvest days. lis hard to plant in Spring and never leap The Autumn yield lis hard to till, and when 'tis tilled to w.p O'er fruitless field. And so I cry a weak and human cry, So heart oppressed And so I sigh a weak and human sigh, For rest-for rest. My way has wound across the desert years, And cares infest My path, and through the flowing of hot tears, I pine for rest. And I am restless still: 'twill soon be o'er; I For, down the West Life's sun is'setting, and I see the shore I Where I shall rest. FATHER RYAN.
Strife of Will. Suppose that for a moment our conduct at great epochs were determined entirely by reflection, Without the immediate intervention of feeling which supersedes reflection, our determination as to the right would consist in an adjustment of our individual needs to the dire necessities of our lot, partly as to our natural constitution, partly as sharers of life with our fellow beings. Tragedy Consists in the terrible difficulty of their adjust- ment— The dire strife Of poor Humanity's afflicted will, Struggling in vain with ruthless destiny. GEORGE ELIOT.
Sacred Opportunities. We see a grand opportunity, a great position Coming steadily—steadily in view. It comes; it will change the whole character of the man if it is Seized. It will develop his usefulness, enlighten and purify the whole atmosphere in which he will live. It comes, and—perhaps through his own weakness, perhaps through the folly and weakness of others—it passes away, and a soul is embittered or ruined. A life is wasted, a whole circle of light and power extinguished through the mischance, the tragical mischance or injustice of a moment. 0, thou. whosoever thou art, who hast the choice before thee of seizing for thyself, or offering to another, the opportunity which for him or for thee is most fitted, remember that if thou, even thou in this thy day, bast the grace to know, the eye to see the opening, the ear to hear the call; it may be, Ho thee or to him, the halt in downward descent from Which there is no return. DEAN STANLEY.
The Folly of Envy. Look not up with envy to those above thee Sounding titles, stately buildings, fine gardens gilded chariots, rich equipages; what are they ? They dazzle everyone but the possessor. To him that is accustomed to them, they are cheap and regardless things: they supply him not with brighter images or more sublime satisfaction than the plain man may have whose small estate may just enable him to support the charge of a simple, unencumbered life. He enters heedless into his TDoms of state, as you or I do under our poor sheds. The noble paintings and costly furniture are lost on him; as how can it be otherwise, when, by Custom, a fabric, infinitely more grand and finished than that of the universe, stands unobserved by the inhabitants, and the everlasting lamps of heaven are: lighted up in Tain, for any notice that mortals lake of them. SPECTATOR.
1 The Study of Children. Children live in the present; they do not look forward or backward-this is universally a char- acteristic of childhood Try and realise this; it Will help you much in your endeavours to under- stand children. Victor Hugo, who has depicted some of the most tragic scenes that have ever happened in this world, and painted the miseries that men and and women suffer in powerful colours says positively that there is no misery like the misery of children. And this is perfectly true, for the joys 'and sorrows of childhood fill their whole tninds and hearts. They are quitej as intense as they are transient, and we cannot say more than that. Children's brains, children's ideas, children's thoughts and ways, are not, as a rule, sufficiently studied. We do not half recognise the struggle that the tiny creature goes through-bow it strives to grasp matters far beyond its reach, and puzzles its little brains to comprehend what goes on around it and beyond. It is a great mistake to suppose that children do not think. It is true they do not think and reason as we do, but they understand more than we have any conception of. The faith and trust of childhood is one of the most beauti- ful things that we ever get the chance of seeing. Jt is our fault if we shut our eve» to it. In our turn, we have much to learn from the children. If Ire could have retained our belief in truth, and the plendjd realities of life and Nature as we left them In our childhood, do you not think that in many 6nnteeta our daily lives would'be grander, nobler ,IGHER THAN they are ? And, in this sense, we wel1 to uke a less from tbe little ones' of OUR«elves that of such is the Kingdom ATFOX.
Silence and the Human Soul. -Nolse IS Duman, silence is divine." Undivine souls feel that more or less noise is necessary to their comfort. In silence an uneasy feeling steals over most persons, as though they were breathing a strange element, or as though an invisible hand were about to be laid upon them. Absolute silence I few can endure; the soul IS apt to awake too much, J to wonder too much. Men do not know the soul that is in them, and when it threatens to arise out of the grave of the body, they are affrighted, and would gladly flee from themselves. The lone I house at midnight? The clock ticks loudly then, breathing is audible then, the pulsations of the heart j ire almost heard then. To vacant souls this ap- proximation to silence is awful enough but how would they do under perfect silence 1 The general ¡ man realises his body more than his soul; but when circumstances constrain him to realise his soul rather than his body, he is far from being at home with himself. His inmost prayer is: Oh for some noise, some outside show, if it were only sunrise, to lay this ghost of my soul in its' grave again. This silent, conscious man in a man, this awful soul, be- set before and behind by the great silent God, and encompassed about by the great silent Eternity, is too much for me." REV. JOHN PULSFORD.
Aberystwyth Welsh Baptisjts. NO, II. BT "PHILIP SIDNEY." (Continued from last isme). On 30th September, 1794, Samuel Breeze came from Montgomeryshire to Penrhyncoch to keep a school, and in June, 1795, he began preaching and was of much help to the congregation, The meeting-house in Stryd y Moch was finished and opened on 11th May, 1797. Breeze began the service with prayer, and three sermons were preached by Joshua Watkins on Col. iii., 15: Daniel Jones in English, on Genesis xxviii, 17; and Timothy Thomas on Z'ecbariah vi., 13. John James, baptized at Aberystwyth on 27th March, 1797, began to preach there in 1799. Thomas Evans, "having been a laborious and successful minister for over seven years," died ;at Aberystwyth on 30th January, 1801, aged 38 years. He was buried near the meeting-house and a tombstone was placed over his grave." The Assembly was held, for the first time, at Aberystwyth in 1803, when ten sermons were preached; and old ministers said that they had not seen so honourable an assembly in every respect." The Church, owing to the death of Thomas Evans, was without a minister, but the brethren S. Breeze and John James were very laborious amongst them, and were gifted young men." But there was, says the scribe at. that time a contention concerning a minister. Some wanted A stranger, while others wanted both Breeze and James to be ordained. It went on like this until the year 1803." After the assembly the church "agreed to ordain the two, viz., S. Breeze and John James, and this was accordingly done in July.- The brethren, Daniel Davies and John Davies, from Llandyssul, prayed, the brother Z. Thomas preached on 2 Timothy, x, 5, and the brother David Sauuders from Revelation ii, 7." John James was licensed at the Epiphany Quarter Sessions, 1802, the record being Upon the motion of Mr Thomas Morgan, it is ordered that John James, of the town of Aberystwyth, minister of the gospel, be licensed to teach and preach according to the Riiles established by Law for Protestant Dissenters, he having in open court taken the several oaths required by the Acts of Parliament in that case made and provided, and he is hereby accordingly licensed." After James and Breeze bad been ordained as co-ministers, they co-operated in the church as such from the day of their ordination, until the Assembly of 1812. They spoke alternately in the town, and in tbe country, and were in total unity with each other, except at times when a little cold- ness crept between them, through some envious and and wily organs, whilst they themselves were not perfect." But there were no disagreeable words between them, neither did their conduct towards one another show any signs of hatred throughout that time. Each took his turn every month, and they brake bread alternately at Aberystwyth, Penrhyncoch, Talybont, Llanrhystid, and Machynlleth at times." Either the one or the other preached at Aber- ystwyth every Friday evening. They also, as a rule, attended the Society held on Tuesday in the town, and often went to Penrhyn, Talybont.and Glanyr- afon in the week." Breeze and James often made a tour for a month, —two, three or four,—but when one was away, the other took his place. Breeze was in England on many occassions collecting towards the Chapel in the town, and at last he collected enough money to pay off the debt which was on it." Both Breeze and James preached to the Welsh- men in London and at Liverpool. Occasionally they preached in English, and Breeze was at first better versed in that language, and preached to the English who came in summer to Aberystwyth to bathe in the sea. The two both lived in the town. Breeze sometimes used to keep a school in the chapel and had his living about the town in the same way as the late minister, Thomas Evans. On Sunday they were in cne house, from Monday to Saturday in another, and so on from week to week, and from year to year." James never was like this. What Thomas Evans had to keep himself and his horse-and that was little enough—was all that both Breeze and James received and it seems that the collection towards the ministry was less than it had been." Many members of the church would be for years without giving one shilling, and the greatest sum given was £1 Os Od a year, while only one give it. Those who contribute at all, give one shilling, two shillings, half a crown, or three shillings a quarter. The sum total may be £10 Os Od or iE.12 Os Od a year, but it is hard to say exactly because the people are so fickle and inconstant. This small sum was divided between Breeze end James." Both Breeze and James were acceptable preachers, very popular at home and abroad, and reckoned to be wise and gifted men. They were reputed preachers, especially Breeze, and preached at annual and quarterly meetings; and Breeze was twice Moderator at the Assembly. He was before his death one of the most reputed in Wales, amongst the Baptists, and his friends and friendships in England were extensive." Breeze was a very friendly and steady man. About the end of the year 1811, he dis-membered two women, one a widow, who had been a very great friend of his. They were inclined to tell one another a great deal of their minds, and this was a matter of great sorrow to him." This woman was excluded at a very unexpected time to her, and the greater portion of the church, because she had expressed some kind of wish to converse with the Church. It was great rashness on the part of some to insist upon dis-membering her at this time, and that against the wish and desire of Breeze himself, but be was obliged to do that which was to be a great sorrow to the Church, and also what was contrary to the minds of many." The woman then went to blaspheme certain persons, the Church, in common and particularly Breeze. she blasphemed and slandered on the high- ways because of her exclusion. She reminded Breeze of the thing, which greatly agitated him, because he was a very hot tempered man, which was a source of great loss and contempt to him very often in the Church, for the sake of dis- cipline." 4 "Breeze was no respecter of persons (impartial), but was too much inclined to say what first came to his mind. Much of this however he remedied before the end, especially in preaching." He had not an extensive Scriptural knowledge, and did not write anything for publication, except a translation of one good Assembly letter, on the Christian Watch,' which was published at one shilling." He wrote a very queer letter to the woman who bad been excluded, as if Beelzebub had sent it from Hell to one of his faithful tenants on earth. He thought that. it would frighten and terrify her, and that she would be silent." But alas! before long she found out that he was the author, and if she was bad before, she was worse after." This'letter was shown, copied, translated, and distributed, until the whole country knew about, it. Meanwhile the woman continued to blaspheme." Breeze confessed before the Church his repent- ance and great grief for having written the letter: but alas alas a few persons stood against him." He was slandered, blasphemed, and defamed and his chief old friends especially one house, the husband and wife, who were members, and personal friends of his in days gone by, gave themselves up totally to those who were against him, and accused him of everything they knew." (To be continued.)
Cae Gibbets or a False Lover's End. (Continued.) Philip's, pleasure at the fair was cut unusually short that day by the sight of Liza. There she was moving backwards and forwards in the crowd with a most melancholy and distracted look. People cast their eyes upon her as she passed along from crowd to crowd, and from one part of the town to another, but she saw no one for she had become blindly indifferent to all around, her mind had been so focussed upon the object of her search that all else was outside her range of vision. Philip's sight,'however, had been sharpened by suspicion,and immediately he saw her he made off for a place of biding. This he found in-the upper room of a public house, the window of which commanded a good view of the fair generally and of the road by which Liza would have to return home. After having watched for several hours and see- ing her move about in such a pitiful and forlorn manner, his hard heart more than once almost melted into compassion; but hedrowned his growing remorse by indulging himself more and more with drink, and this he did malevolently, and from the worst of motives-selfishness, for he paid heed only to his own woe and showed no regards for the sorrow of another. But this selfishness was doomed to recoil on his own head, and the more he fed it the"stronger he forged a link in the chain of his destiny. u- At last Philip saw Liza passing under his window, where she was suddenly stopped by a neighbour of his who asked her in to have a mouthful of something to eat or drink. Philip shuddered at the idea of Liza entering and finding him in his den; for both were known to the servants of the house. The girl however declined, although apparently, she had not tasted a morsel the whole day. When she turned to go Philip heaved a sigh of release and went out to rejoin his comrades. Liza, weary and worn, trudged her way homewards full of brooding care and misgivings, for by this time the circumstantial evidence of Philip's presence at the fair bad grown to such an extent that she had NO choice but to believe he must have been there. Liza had not gone far on her way before a thought struck her: She should not give up her last hopes before putting Philip's constancy to the test; and she would not return home before satisfying herself whether he was in town or not. So to carry out her plan she turned off to Penyrherber road, in order to waylay Philip on his return home. As she slowly wended her way along the hillside, leaving the town and its noisy crowd behind, the mist of evening was already spreading in the vale below. She soon found a retreat among the golden gorse and trailing bramble, where solitude reigned supreme. Everything around was alive with the irresistible hopefulness of spring. The blackbird filled the air with his roundelay, and the feathered tribe closed a long day's toil with their vespers, which they carolled forth from woodland and hedgerow. Soon, however, the lovely afterglow that crowned the distant hill-tops awhile had van- ished, the choristers had ceased their song, and even the last belated crow had found its way home; and now a solemn stillness tilled the air. Those moments of weary waiting were as long as years.— How slow the time dragged on, and how her heart ached,! Liza's ears were wide awake, but the silences of nature only added to the poignancy of her grief. Her'heart leapt at the sound of approaching footsteps; but she was bitterly deceived time after time for any human voice save that of Philip drove her back to her retreat and cruelly dashed her fondest hopes to the ground. Her mind reeled with agony still she knew that the great crisis of her life was at hand —and this country lane would possibly be her via dolorsa. In this lone spot, with darkness all around and despair clouding her soul, she hoped against hope, and dreamed dreams voiced only by a great laureate a hundred years aftei. 01 that 'twere possible, After long grief and pain, To find the arms of my true love Round me once again. At last there was no mistaking the voice: Philip' was coming, and she was seized by the sovereign power of love. The strange beings which were said to people the night, had failed to move her, but immediately she heard Philip's voice she startled out and walked back to meet him. Philip was in conversation with someone and when she dis- covered this. another feeling seized Liza and she almost swooned there and then. But instantly, when she was on the point of fainting away, Liza recog- nized the voice-it was the voice of a man, that of Ben Saunders, Philip's neighbour, to whom she had spoken that day in the fair. This discovery worked like magic on her brain; she was at once released from the clutches of Passion, and her mind was calm once more—calmer than it had been for many a long day. Wel, tawn i'n marw, Ben, what a surprise," said Philip, when Liza came upon them. Now didn't I tell you truly ? said Ben. Philip having expressed a thousand regrets at having oeen unable to see her at the fair, they went slowly along, apparently as good friends and as true lovers as ever. When Ben thought he saw the lovers' affections going out the one to the other, he knew that three would not make a company in such a case, so he wished them good night and hastened off to Voel to meet his own girl. That same night the good folks at Rhyd sat up to an unusually" late hour to await Liza's return. At last, after having exhausted their patience, the goodwife said she was not going to burn out another rushlight, come what may. So Richard Thomas and his wife retired for a. night's rest, but very reluctantly, for they were troubled with mis- givings on account of the girl's absence. That night Richard Thomas' sleep was much disturbed by bad dreams, and it was in vain that his wife tried to prevail upon him noS to worry himself, for as soon as daybreak set in he got up, and when he found- that Liza had not yet returned, his worst fears were accentuated. He immediately awoke the whole household, and in a very short time the whole neighbourhood was astir with alarm, and as soon as the "hues of the rich unfolding morn" brightened the hill tops, the whole countryside was startled by a hue-and-cry. In every field and on every hearth the question asked that morning was Beth sy'n bod-beth sy'n bod 1
SOME OLD RECORDS OF CARDIGANSHIRE. A.D. 1730. MORE RIOTING AT ABERYSTWYTH. Riehard Morgan of the town of Aberystwith in the Co. of Cardigan yeoman maketh oath that he this deponent having a Justice of the Peace's warrant directed to him as Petty Constable of the sd Town for some public abuses and misdemeanours comitted against Chas. Richards Esq (Penglais) J.P. for the sd County whilst he the sd Mr Richards at the request of several of the inhabitants of Aber- ystwith afsd. was endeavouring to pacify and dis- perse a mob raging there in a tumultuous manner on the 5th May last by commanding the peace in his Majty's name, DM soon after go to Alexander Gordon's house in the sd town of Aberystwith in order to execute the sd warrant, And as soon as he had there acquainted the sd Gordon with the con- tents of the said warrt. the outdoors of the sd Gordon's house were forthwith shutt upon him by the sd Gordon to the surprise and astonishment of this deponent and after calling the Deponent rogue and rascal the sd AleA. Gordon by the assistance of some others then in bis house unknown to the depont. did to the manifest breach of the peace and in a furious and tumultuous manner without any pro- vocation except as aforesd. in the execution of his office by executing the sd warrt severely assault and beat the deponent till he was bloody and tore even the shirt off his back by dragging him about the floor of his house. Richard Morgan. Sworn at Cardigan 7th April 1730. On the next day Alexander Gordon deposed that he had made every effort to find Richard Morgan to give him notice that he wonld plead guilty to the assault, but that he had failed. However, later in the day he make- the following deposition Alexander Gordon of the town of Aberystwyth in ye county of Cardigan gent maketh oath that be this deponent was indicted at the last sessions by Richard Morgan of Aberystwyth, and that the dept entered into reoognizances for his personal appear- ance at the present Great Sessions and have accord- ingly attended here continual during the sd sessions and delivered this morning to ye said Richard Morgan a true coppy of ye notice here under written. Alex. Gordon. 8 April 1730. You are hereby to take notice that I will sub- mitt to a certain bill of indictment found againt, me at ye last great sessions holden for ye sayd county of Cardigan this evening courte. Dated this 7th day This from your friend of April 1730. Alex. Gordon. To Richard Morgan QUERY. Can any reader supply a short account of the visit of Jeremy. Taylor to Cardigan, when the famous old divine acted as chaplain to the Royalists Army 1 Are there any local traditions? Printing quickly and neatly done at the Welsh Gazette" Priuteiies, Bridge Street.
All letters must be written on one side of the paper aMd accoBtpanied by the name and addrMS of the writer, not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Correspondents are urgently requested to sand their letters to the office as early as possible.
A, CORRECTION, SIR,-In your issue of the 10th inst, under the head of Tregaron news, an account of a football match was published. The teams represented were Lampeter Town v. Tregaron, and not Tregaron County School v St. David's College School as stated. Both these schools are at present down for their Christmas holidays, and St. Davids School if they wished to learn socker they would not ask Tregaron to teach them, unless Tregaron is able to give a better display of the socker game than they did on that occasion. Thanking you in an. 9 ticipation, and apologizing for trepassing on your space. Lampeter. EYEWITNESS.
THE DOLGELLEY CRUSH, Siit,-We should be thankful that you have ealled attention to the first Dolgelley crush of the twentieth century. It was simply indescribable:— weak and strong struggling to get to the station; two or tnree railway omciais scaring larnp-post-izke .at their frantic endeavours. Had they been sheep instead of human beings, what diligent care would have been exercised to entertain them safely, imagine how their comfort would have been looked after on their journey. We were assured that there was no small-pox in Dolgelley; let us be be assured that there will be no crushing in future. Penygarn. DKWI TEIFI.
AN EISTEDDFODIC MYSTERY. Sir,—Great has been the tea-cup storm raised in connection with the Rhiangerdd episode of the Liverpool eisteddfod, and it seems that the tactics adopted by the great ones, are to form a precedent in our lesser local eisteddfods. At the recent eis- teddfod held at Machynlleth last New Year's Day the prize for an ode to Memory was won by a bard, whose thoughts" according to Canon Trevor's adjudication, were poet's thoughts clad in poetic diction" And yet this poet is too modest to publish his identity which is unfair both to his fellow competitors and to the public, and to the best traditions of our national gatherings. The winning of eisteddfodic honours by anonymous competitors is contrary to our customs and nearly always gives rise to ill-feeling and to a certain extent justifies the public and the competitors in regarding such with suspicion. Far be. it, for me to express any doubts in the present case. I have no doubt but that everything is straight and above board. My sole object is to draw public at- attention to this case—so that it may be rectified, and lest we encourage a proceeding, which would shake our confidence in and militate against the objects of such competitions. I am, "A P. G."
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THE SEAMY SIDE OF TEACHING. Slit,—I was very much surprised to see a gentle- man of Mr Hamer's position coming out in the Welsh Gazette to defend a cause which he con- fesses in his letter tc be a wrong one. Could the most modest man forbear to laugh when noticing how Mr Hamer had lost his temper, and how he had lost control over his pen when he gave vent to his feelings in such phrases as muddled brains," &c. After looking carefully through his epistle, four things strike me as forming the nucleus of his innocent prattle: (1) He resolves to pour as much spleen as he can over Pupil Teachers in general; (2) He speaks of the sacrificing qualities of school- masters; (3) He points out that Pupil Teachers are appointed who have no qualities to fill that dignified position (4) That he is president of the North Cardiganshire Teacher's Union. As regarda (1) he succeeds very well. He displays the tactics of schoolmasters when attacked to perfection. Thanks to Mr Hamer he did not beat much about the bush, but threw off the thin veil that covers the attack- ing fiend," and shows clearly what would be the fate of the Pupil Teachers if subjected wholly to the subordination of their respective headmasters. I venture to ask Mr Hamer whose duty it is to in. form the School Board that the schools under their charge are understaffed? Surely it is not the Pupil Teacher's duty. According to him, let the Pupil Teacher go to his own Board and inform it that the school at which he is engaged is not properly staffed. Does he really think that they would treat with him ? Perhaps he is not aware that it is a rule with some School Boards in Mid Cardigan- shire not to bear any complaints from their teachers except through the headmasters. And you may assure yourself that every complaint receives its death warrant once it reaches their hands. Never on record has a petition or anything from the teachers been brought forward in these Boards. This is the reason why teachers do not go straight to their Boards in Mid-Cardiganshire. But suppose a teacher goes there with a complaint, and they agree to hear him and rescind their former rule, what would be the result? 'The teacher should arm himself cap-a-pie against such sundry weapons as his master's scorn and displeasure. Does the correspondent of the school always know that the terms of agreement have been carried out? Does the pupil teacher get some voice in the filling of form 9 ? (I presume he refers to that). Does every schoolmaster ask his teachers at the end of every school year if they are satisfied with their condition ? These are questions that arise out of what Mr Hamer wrote, and 1 ask him respectfully to answer them. The schoolmasters that sacrifice ten or twelve hours a week in order to coach their pupil teachers are few and far between. It would puzzle the wit of man and the ingenuity of the devil to discover what some headteacliers have done during the year to their pupil teachers. He says nothing to justify the masters that work their teachers ten or twelve hours over the maximum, but retorts that schoolmasters do a lot of good work to teachers without pay." What about the grants, sir? Where do they come in ? I agree with him when be says about. the ninety-nine cases out of a hundred." Yes, sir, as you testify, only one per cent of our schoolmasters are friends of the poor plodding backward pupil teacher. Yes, and this single one out of a hundred (honour be to his name) takes upon himself a responsibility that the'other ninety- nine shirk. A friend in need is a friend indeed," so says the proverb, and if somebody wants en- couragement, it is the backward person. But these ninety-nine only befriend the bright and intelligent. The backward persons—those who cannot learn so quickly as others—are mill stones to them. They turn' them away in scorn let them go where they like, but do not let them bother us. There may be a Newton, or Darwin, or Shakespeare among them, but they require too much effort on our part. Let them go—this is the fine spirit that dominates the acts of our Northern teachers. With regard to the appointment of pupil teachers, I refer him to Article 35 of the Code, which says Candidates, in order to be engaged as pnpil teachers, must be presented to the Inspector for approval, and must pass the examination," &c. And Mr Hamer has the face to say that persons are appointed that have no sufficient ability to go through the neeessary train- ing, &c. According to his mode of reasoning many of our schoolmasters have no sufficient ability, &c. If a person can pass the examination required to qualify him as a pupil teacher, what hinders him trom being as good a teacher as somebody else who has passed ? It is not so easy now as it was in days gone by to pass the different examinations, and persons whom Mr Hamer brands as athletes may be better teachers than those who call them by that name. I do not expect the pupil teachers to spend their days in school without being of use to the schoolmaster, but I further expect the school- masters to deal decently with their pnpil teachers, and to give them suitable instruction. I pity Mr Hamer very much, but he should not rush to print without finding out whether what he was defend- ing was worthy of his pen or not. He should not judge all teachers from the standpoint of North Cardiganshire. I may as well inform Mr Hamer that I am not an aggrieved parent of any pupil teacher, but I am A pupil teacher myself, and one who knows what roughing it" means. I state once again that the pupil teachers of Cardiganshire generally are shamefully treated, and something ought to be done at once to ameliorate their condition. Mid Cardiganshire. PRO P. TBACHEB. Victoline is strongly recommended as an effective remedy for toothache, neuralgia, and headache. Printing quickly and neatly done at the 4 Welsh Gazette Printeries. Bridge Street.