WELSH DISESTABLISH- tc. MENT. 5CS, The Historical Case against ,ol; The Church. II .vn, ;vy, md [BY LLEWELYX WILLIAMS.] I ( Continned.) Six years ago Mr ASQUITH quoted with dramatic effect in the House of Commons a passage from a letter sent by the princes of Wales to INNOCENT III. in 1203, in which they described how the terrors of the Church were held over those who were patriotic enough to stand up in defence of their country's freedom. But a letter from Archbishop HUBERT to the POPE, in reply to these complaints, is perhaps even more Z5 significant. (l Unless, therefore," he says, the barbarity of this fierce and lawless people be curbed by ecclesiastical censures and restrained by the Archbishop of CAN- TERBURY, to whose province they are subject by law, they will rise in frequent or un- broken rebellion against the king, to the unavoidable disquiet of the whole realm of England." This, it may be said, is ancient history. So it is. But let it be remembered that Church Defenders have APPEALED TO HISTORY by claiming for their Church continuity from the ancient British Church. The present Church is as much the real successor of the ancient National Church of Wales as a cuckoo is the rightful inheritor of the nest it has made its own by force And it is the same spirit that has animated the policy of the Church from that day to this. LLEWELYN, the last Prince of Wales, died excom- J municated, not because he was a man of bad I I life or evil conversation, but because he was a Welshman who dared to stand up for his country's independence, and for the liberty of the people whose natural guardian he was. Two bishops joined the national rebellion of OWEN GLYNDWR one was dispossessed of his See, the other died in exile, and you have only to read the writings of the mediaeval bards to find how thoroughly the monks and clergy, with their tilien sympathies, were detested by the people. But, we are told, a great change ensued after the Reformation. The Bible was i translated into Welsh by a Bishop of ST. ASAPH, and that translation has remained the standard and canon of Welsh prose unto this day. Welshmen were appointed to Welsh Sees, and under the later TUDOgS and the STUARTS the Church was, in veiy truth, the National Church of the Welsh people, j I would take too long to show how i I w UTTERLY FALLACIOUS is this view of the position of the Church in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In fact, the Church in Wales has no Golden Age to look back upon;: its history since its first connection with the- English; State has- been one of sordid bondage and of ignoble service. ELIZABETH, it is true, did appoint Welshmen to Welsh Sees, but it was against the wish and advice (still on record in a, letter in the British Museum) of Arch- bishop PARKER. Dr MORGAN translated tbT Bible into Welsh, but he was subjected tai all manners of petty persecution in his own lifetime, and MORUS KYFFIN, the translator of JEWELS Defence of the Church of England into Welsh, says that in 1592-a few years later-a cleric of his acquaintance stated publicly in an Eisteddfod thatÎthe- Welsh Bible would not only not do good, but would do much harm. And that cleric was more representative of the Church's policy than the pious Bishop I will not quote the accounts which STRYPE and Vicar PRITCHAIRD give of the Church in the "Golden Age." But these two extracts may be new. The first is from Carwr y Cymru," a Welsh book published in 1631 the very year when WILLIAM ERBURY commenced his reforming work at Cardiff. For a whole century the Reformed Church had had the field to itself, and there was as yet, so far as we know, NOT A SINGLE NONCONFORMIST in Wales. This was the condition Wales bad been reduced to by 1631. Yea' Sive me leave, my dear brethren [savs the author], to say unto you (a thing I am sorry to have to say) that in each of the- c dioceses of Wales there can be found forty or sixty churches, with not one in them on Sun- days in Midsummer, when the roads are at their driest and the weather at its finest. In a fifth, if not in a fourth of Wales, there was no kind of religious service held from one end of the year to the other—one- fifth of Wales had relapsed into paganism It is no wonder that WROTH and EKBURY and other earnest souls found the state of things intolerable, and that they should have dared even to preach in unconsecrated places! But what of the, three-fourths or four-fifths of Wales where religion may be said to have flourished in those Saturnian days? In 1651 JØHN EDWARDS published his translation of h Marrow of Modern Divinity," and in his introduction lie com- plains that "among the clerical teachers barely one in fifteen is able to read and write Welsh." A large portion of Wales was, therefore, absolutely pagan, and in the other portion only about one in fifteen of the clergymen could conduct a service in the language understandsd of the people. Verily, illILTO-N must have had the case of Wales in his mind when, he spoke of the "hungry sheep" that looked up and were not fed. 1 pass over the subsequent period, when STEPHEN HUGHES and GRIFFITH J oEs-the one the son of an Independent deacon who had become a clergyman, and the other an Independent minister who had been a clergyman—appealed in vain to the Welsh Bishops, as they valued their own good name and 'their Church's reputation and position in the national regard, to defray the expense of a cheap edition of the Welsh Bible. I pass over the shameful treatment of the early ethodistshow godly men were HOUNDED OUI OF THE CHURCH, arid how at last the cruel exaction of intolerable fines left them no choice but to desert for ever au institution which was not Worthy of them. I come to our own days. It is said that the Church is at last renew- ing her youth like the eagle, and that she is winning back the national regard, which she forfeited by her past neglect. Give her time," the late Bishop of BANGOR said at a Church bazaar at Liverpool, and Noncon- formity will be swept away.' What are the real facts ? The Church to-day is more im-, potent than she has ever been. Her rulers are chosen, not—as in England—because they are distinguished above their fellows by scholarship, by academical attainments, by services to literature, or to history, or to theology, or by oratorical powers, but solely apd simply because they are supposed to be the best men to organise and lead the forces which are arrayed against Welsh nationalism. It is Archbishop HUBERT'S policy over again Unless the barbarity of this fierce and law- less people be curbed by ecclesiastical cen- sures and restrained by the Archbishop of CANTERBURY,' or the Bishop of ST. ASAPH, they will disturb overmuch the Tory party in England If you want an instance of I the mere WRECKING POLTCY OF THE CHURCH in Wales, consider her attitude towards Welsh education. Nonconformist denomina- tions fire often taunted with their sectar- ianism yet when they were set face to face with a matter of national moment they did not hesitate to throw to the wind their sectarian differences. Thev com- j bined in .spite of their deep and Sol,, e- I times bitter differences to promote a national system of elementary education. The Church alone has stood! apart, and by insisting on maintaininc,mainly out of C, public funds-her own sectary schools, has done her best to prelmt the-perfection of the School Board system, and the adoption I of religious and unsectarian teaching in the elementary schools. We have seen the I' same concord prevail among Nonconformists in the case of intermediate education the Church again has played the wrecker's part. The Bishop of ST. ASAPH, in the teeth of the opinion of. Sir EDWARD CLARKE, insisted on excluding Ruthin School from the Denbighshire scheme as being.a Church school, and he used his position as a member of the House of Lords to override the declared will of the people of Denbigh, of the Charity Commissioners, of the Educa- tion Department, and of the House of Commons. The late Bishop of BANGOR promoted a rival school at Dolgelley, in order, if possible, to crush the Intermediate School that had been started in that town. Then, again, the whole people of Wales are united on the question of the Welsh Univer- sity. The Church alle is factious, and refuses to co-operate loyally and cheerfully with the rest. It is all of a piece with her history! She has been the Church in Wales, NEVER THE CHURCH OF WALES. She is a thing apart, having no share or part in the fuller national life of the country. Time was when pious men called her Yr Hen Fam,' but if ever the name is applied to her to-day it is in bitter mockery. The Church which refused the last rites of religioa to Welshmen who died for their 1 country which hanged JOliN. PENRY, perse- cuted Vicar PRITCIIARD, and allowed VAVASOUR POWELL to rot in prison; which refused to ordain HOWELL HARRIES at a time when diunkards and adulterers were freely admitted to holy orders; which allowed GORONWY OWE to sink into an unknown and unhonoured grave across the Atlantic; which denied priests' orders to WILLIAMS, Pantycelyn, and THOMAS CHARLES, of Bala; which ignoft-ed IEUAN GLAN GEIRIONYDD, and permitted him to starve on a curate's stipend while the fat offices of the Church were given to strangers or Anglicised Welshmen, and which to-day—impenitent at heart and unchanged in action—sets its face reso- lutely against every national movement and every national aspiration, is not, and cannot be, the National Church of Wales.
CARDIGAN DISTRICT LETTER. THE XEW VICAR. On Thursday, the 28th ulto., the Rev. D: J. Evans, M.A., late of All Saints, Pontar- dawe, was inducted by the Rev. D. W- Herbert, Tremain, to the living of St. M irvC Cardigan. The ceremony was not made the' occasion of a general gathering of Church- people, but was carried out simply, in the presence of the Churchwardens (Messrs D Davies, Stanley House; B. Parking Priory Street; and Henry Evans, Napier Street), and a few casual onlookers. As compared [with similar Nonconformist, functions the reception seemed wanting in warmth, but perhaps this was merely the ecclesiastical welcome, and the real homely welcome is to follow. The arrival of a new vicar in a parish marks, under ordinary cir- cumstances, the arrival of a life-long resident. Mr. Evans has come to a town which is Witiiout of Non- conformity, and his coming may, or may not. mark a period of sectarian "unrest It .depends upon his disposition. For some years now Church and Chapel have tacitlf agreed to Jet sleeping dogs lie, or .us somi may say there has been quiet, because the littlq dog knows very well it's no use fightin". There are no local questions, fortunately, which accentuate the differences of Church and Chapel, as in the days of the institution of the School Board, so that JUr Evans' advent to Cardigan, and his career here, may very well be a peaceful one. He comes with an excellent reputation from those whom he has served, as a worker, awd his co- operation in matters for the general welfare of the town is greatly to be desired. OXCE A PORT XOW A CREEK For some time past there has been a local Committee at work considering what can bast be done to improve, and make permanent, the channel of the river- Tivy, for the purposes of navigation. The expert and honorary advisers to the Committee have been ill Baillie of the Foundry, and Mr Richard Thomas, of the Brickworks, both gentlemen TTp"? t ltted themes for consideration, The task seems to be, liowever, altogether heyoncl the most simple and experimental proposal, because the Board of Trade before considering any scheme will insist on a Provisional Order being obtained, and this would necessitate professional surveys re- -1 1 ports ana pians. xiie Committee apparently are not prepared to face this expense although the stake is a big one. All the schemes seem to have disappeared like a series of dissolving view., and the one ultimately adopted provides for layincr a barrier of sand-bags across the mcuthVthe side channels of the river, so as to keep the S Preser't and ancient course, to year's TrPeT \has returned af*er many years This plan, however, does not seem to be a definite one, as it may, or may not be carried out; it rests entirly with Mr Richard Thomas. A RAY OF HOPE. The river question is undoubtedly a verv serious one for Cardigan, and any ray rf hope is welcome, which promises to improve the present state of things. Just as the public schemes break down, private enter- prise steps in, and while the development n in tea at does not solve the difficulty of clearing the river for general navigation, it will be a great convenience to traders. It appears that the owners of the ss Tele- phone," in view of the development of their trade with Cardigan, will short.1v steam lighter on the river for tl,e discharge of cargoes inside the Bar. This opens out possibilities more. or less fanciful, for the- costing trips for small ;.ti little stamier „ould employed I A pleasul.e steamer would be a great acquisition. SCARCITY OF PILOTS. plaTnts on^l!6 recen^ keen grievous com- the Dort +- ft Paft skippers trading with the port, at the difficulty there is in gettig detained in t|'e R-fv J l"8 bee? before r Bny for nearl.V two dayS could +P °:1 board- No evidence uld be stionger of the decay of the nort coilTe tQ faC<ith&t thr °ffi0e °f Pilot has be" oine a casual one. It itf quite evident that 'from0?} man t0 Stetld SazinS ;/°ln the tcIlff oer? waste of waters day afteT «ay on the speculative chance of a poorlv remunerated job. The inevitable law of supply and demand settles this as well as many more matters. TI)e Census ruults will 1. e ,,vai";)'ole iic-xt week. TELHPAOT,
SOMETHING QUITE NEW. AN IMPORTANT INTRODUCTION. THE WESTERN QUEEN WASHER. -0- EASIEST AN TO UNRIVALLED f HWHT -0- SATISFACTION. A PRACTICAL WASHER. DURABLE, COMPACT AND EASY TO KEEP CLEAN. The castings on the Western Queen are made with a view of as light running as possible. It has' a steel mesh wheel i brace which forms a ballbearing to hold large and small gear in mesh. This does away with all grinding and friction. The post and dasher are of best hard maple. It washes a few or many pieces at a time, and does not require the aid of a washboarcVjjgj&fll K&- MADE IN BOTH ROUND AND SQUARE STYLE. :o:- AL,o..the "COLUMBIA WASHER and the BENBOW ROTARY WASHER," First-class Machines combining PERFECTION, DURABILITY AND SIMPLICITY. Prices and particulars on application. SOLE AGENTS FOR CARDIGANSHIRE:— EDWARDS, EVANS, & CO., MERCHANTS, TREGARON. Local agents required in districts not represented. Liberal terms. GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY. a.m. P-M. p.m. p.m.. p.m. ABERYSTWYTH Dept. 8 15 12 B 30, 1 15 1 15 6 25 WREXHAM Arr. ;12 52 5 B 28 5 43 6 47 10 26 CHESTER- „ 1 20 5 B 55 6 8 7 10 i 10 53 LIVERPOOL (Landing Stage) „ 2 20 7 B 0 7 20 8 0 12 20 MANCHESTER (Exchange) „ 3 2 8 B 10 8 10 8 37 WOLVERHAMPTON 2 13 6 25 BIRMINGHAM „ 2 38 Wednes- 6 53 LONDON (Paddington)- „ 5 20 days only 10 50 A.—Passengers by this train are allowed one hour at Shrewsbury for lunch. B.—Via Dolgelley. Passengers wishing to travel by this Train should ask for Tickets n 0 1 via Dolgelley when booking. 11 Passengers are requested to ask for Tickets by the GREAT WESTERN Route Every Information respecting Great Western Train Service can be obtained of Mr. J ROBERTS, 25, Terrace Road, Aberystwyth, or of Mr. G. GRANT, Divisional Superintendent G.W.R., Chester. PADDINGTON STATION. J. L. WILKINSON, General Manager. H. W. GRIFFITH, BOOT AND SHOE WAREHOUSE, 7, CO I. LEGE GREEN, TO WY N, MER Agent for the noted K and Cinderella Boots. NOTICE TO FARMERS. M. H. DAVIS AND SONS, ABERYSTWYTH, Have received their Stock for the Season of CHAFFC UTTERS, PULPERS, ETC. MILLINERY ESTABLISHMENT 1, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. MRS. J. W. THOMAS New Summer Goods Hats and Bonnets Cleaned and Altered. CENTRAL PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDIO. Speciality :—Stamp Photos. Charges Moderate. SEASON 1901. THOS. POWELL & CO., AB™^ Are offering a CHOICE SELECTION of GARDEN SEEDS, SEED POTATOES. GRAND SELECTION OF AGRICULTURAL SEEDS. Spring Wheat, White Oats, Black Tartarian Oats, Barley, Ceirch Llvvyd. Cowg rass, Red Clover, White Dutch, Alsyke, Trefoil, Italian and Perennial Ryegrass. Also, a Choice Selection of Clovers and Grasses for Meadows and Permanent Pastures. ALL THE SEEDS ARE OF THE FINEST QUALITY. Ni Werthir dim ond yr Hadau Goreu. eadbury's ABSOLUTELY PURE, THEREFORE BEST. FREE FROM ALL ADMIXTURES, SUCH AS KOLA, MALT, HOPS, ALKALI, &c. "The Standard of Highest Purity."— The Lancet. NSIST on having CADBURY'S (sold only in Packets and Tins), as other Cocoas are sometimes substituted for the sake of extra profit IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT. Opening of a New Business Saturday next. I THE PREMISES recently occupied by DAVID JL JENKINS, Esq., Mus. Bac. (Cantab), Ijave been taken over by J. HYWEL REES FOR THE SALE OF Gents' Mercery, | Tailoring and Outfitting. GOODS FOR SALE ARE OF THE BEST MAKER!?. | A Vacancy for Out-door AI prentices. THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHIER, NORTd PARADE! Sole Agent for Dr. Thomalla's thing, and I the Harlevia Tweed Suits to special » Mea ii;i Lfc. FOR BUTTER AND BACON OF THE BEST QUALITY GO TO TOM REES' STORES, -NEW MARKET HALL, ABERYSTWYTH. HADAU! HADAUI! HAD AU! DYMLNAF alw sylw eleni eto at y cyfiawnder ehelaetb o hadau NEWYDD o bob math yr wyf newydd dderbyn erbyn y tymhor hau. Cyn- wysa fy stoc ddewisiad eang o atnrywiol tathau o HADAU AMAI:THY_<I)OL A ganlyn yw ychydig o'r amrywiol fathau a gedwir genyf yn wa-tadol:— Red and White Clover Crested Dogs-tail Alsyke Clover Meadow Fox-tail Cow Grass Clover Sweet Vernal Trefoil Yellow Oat Grass Timothy Rib Grass (Ceiliogod) Perrenial and Italian Rye Vetches [gerddi) Grass Peas (llwydion cae a Meadow Fescue Hadau Eithin Cocksfoot Turnip Seed Sheep Fescue Sweed Hard Fescue | Mangolds Mae blynyddau o brofiad wedi fy ngalluogi i wneud -Mixtures" cyfaddas i gylehrediad y crop- iau yn yr ardaloedd hyn, ac v mae y boddlonrwydd teyffredinol y maent yn roddi yn ddigon o dystiol- aeth i'w rhagoroldeb. Rhoddwch brawf arnyrlt-, a chwi gewch eu bod yn tra rhagori ar yr hen ddull o ddefnyddio Red Clover a Paceys." Digon i gyfer am o 15s i 25s. HADAU GERDDI. Pys Bresych Panas Ffa Erfin Moron Cochion Cenin Cloron Radish Wynwyn. Letys Llysiau Ae amrywiol fathau eraill. Mae yr oil mewn cyflwr rhagorol, ac ni cheir eu gwell yn un man o ran pris ac ansawdd. Gwahoddir pawb i'w gweled. THOMAS JONES, Post Office, TREGARON. I COACH AND Four-Horse Charabancs "EXPRESS" and "MAJESTIC, WILL LEAVE PHILLIP'S HALL, TERRACE ROAD, Also from BRANCH AT NORTH PARADE, Every Morning at 10 o'clock, for :DEVII'S BRIDGE BRAKES, WAGGOXETTES, LANDAUS, AND CHARABANCS Will leave Daily for LLYFNANT VALLEY, HAFOD, PLYNLIMON and ABEIIAYRON. PLEASANT AFTERNOON DRIVES to Crosswood Panorama Drive, Rheidol Falls, Monk's Cave, and Talybont. Private Address Proprietor 31 MAHINE TEHRACE. D. PHILLIPS. GRANITE, MARBLE AND STONE WOR: MACHYNLLETH. JOHJTJONES, MONUMENTAL SCULPTOR, I Estimates given for every description of Monuments, Memorial Tablets, Headstones, Crosi Tombs, etc. Specimens to be seen at Smithdown-road, Liverpo Birkenhead, a-»i Newtown Cemetries, Newtoi Llanlhvchaiarn, Machvnlleth, Dinas Mawdcb Eglwysfach, Towyn, Aberystwyth, Camo, Dylife Churchyards. FOR GOOD AND RELIABLE BOOTS AND SHOES OF THF BEST QUALITY GO TO EDWIN PETERS 51, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, 51, (Three doors above Town Clock,) ABERYSTWYTH. Gentlemen's and Ladies' Boots and Shoes of eveiy description. Repairs on shortest notice J. GWILYM EVANS, Family Grocer & Provision Merchant, THE STORES, HIGH STREET AND STATION ROAD, TOWYN. NOTED HOUSE FOR TEA. BEST IN PURITY AND FLAVOUR. THE ABERYSTWYTH JgNAMELLED ^LATEWORKS, R OPEW ALK, A BFRYSTWYTH. MANUFACTURERS OF ENAMELLED SLATE CHIMNEY PIECES. Slabs of every description always in stock Prices and estimates on application. J BEST CUTLERY I AND ELECTRO PLATED GOODS AT [ David Ellis & Sons, IRONMONGERS, j 14, GREAT DARKGATE ST., AND 6, CHALYBEATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH DANIEL, SON, AND MEREDITH, (ESTABLISHED 1875). j AUCTIONEERS, Valuers and Estate Agents, ABERYSTWYTH, TOWYN, AND BAIiMOUTH. Sales 'o Landed and Residential Estates, Free- hold and Leasehold Properties, Mines and Quarries, Hotels. Farming Stock, Household Furniture, &c., undertaken. Valuations for Probate, liorlgage a^d other purposes. Appointed Valuers bv the'Cardiganshire and I M" rione hshire County Councils, under the Finance Act, 1894. I
DEVELOPMENT OF THE WOOLLEN INDUSTRY. This week we publish a full report of the half-yearly meeting of the Court of Govern- ors of the University College of Wales Aberystwyth, held at Llandilo last Friday under the presidency of Lieutenant-General Sir James Hills-Johnes. The most important discussion in the proceedings was that bearing on the development of the woollen industry in the district by the establishment of a school for dyeing and weaving at the College. There can be no doubt that such a scheme as that outlined by Principal ROBERTS would materially assist the weavers and would do much to revive and improve what was- once a flourishing industry in our counties. It is proposed to appoint an expert instructor in dyeing to give instruc- tion in the art in those parts of the district interested in the woollen industry. The most promising of the young weavers in the different localities will also be given an opportunity of competing for scholarships, which will enable them to attend a short course at the College in order to acquire a sound knowledge of those sciences, upon the successful application of which the develop- ment of the whole industry so entirely depends. The Welsh Industries Association has done good service in urging the claims of Welsh products to a wider patronage; but something more than spasmodic efforts is re- quired to command permanent success. Every effort, therefore, to bring local industries into line with modern require- ments, by giving them a sound scientific Z5 basis, should be heartily supported by all who have the watfare of the community at heart.
NOTES AND COMMENTS" -<>- A report of the annual meeting of the Era Slate Company is given in this week's issue. At a meeting of the Aberystwyth Town Council on Tuesday a letter was read from the North Cardiganshire Monthly Meeting complaining of the disturbances created in the-neighbouring villages by carriages plying to and from that town on Sundays, "and asking the Council to exercise every pre- caution in granting licenses in order to minimise the evil. A resolution in accord ance with the request was unanimously adopted. J A couple of years ago the demand for houses in Birmingham was so great that whole estates in the suburbs were cut for building purposes, aud tl.ousa'l Z houses were built. The boom has now com- pletely passed away. Every subtit,b has hundreds of houses to let. This, it is said, is attributed mainly to the war and bad iaf e, ie oi mer causing many women whose husbands are at the front to go into apart- m n s, and the latter compelling manv tenants to give up their houses and share those of their relatives. WrP«h'n ?°!iSe °f Commons on Monday Mr Gerald Balfour brought in a Bill, which was read the first time, to continue and flmentl the Light Railways Act, which ot lerwise would expire in December next. The totnl amount available under that Act Wa: CI ,000,000, of which £ 250,000 mighthp granted as special advances anl "the reminder as ordinary loans. The bill would increase the amount available for special advice to X750,000, leaving a quarW of a million for loans. Up to the present no money had been applied for by the way of ordinary loan, but X200,000 had been prom- ised as special advances, almost entirely by Way of free grant. At a representative and h fluentia1 meefng held at Aberystwyth on Thursday a m,ort of which is given in another column, it was resolved to invite the. in- habitants of the town and neighbourhood to support the Royal Alfred Aged Merchant Seamen s Institution by contributing to its fund", It was also resolved tbit nil*nistpi., of all churches and chapels in the dist ict be askerl to arrange an annual collection for the j I same purpose. Few societies are more deseiving of public support than the ROYMI Alfred, which is, we believe, the only orgamzed charity in the United Kingdom that offers permanent relief to aged merchant Fe--tnieri of good character, irrespective of creed or rank or port of service. At the Farmers' Club on Mondoy, Mr. J. Francis Bedall, of Marsdon, Bedfordshire w^ho read a paper dealing with « The Means of Checking the Rural Exorlus," allude! to the supfeme question of hous:rg the rural wo> ker, and recounted what vari' us county, dist) ict, and parish courcils had done to solve the pi-cblem He had Lend of a man earning full wages in the parish of Boreh im, '111 r,ssex, compelled to go to 1he "house" bpcau^e his house was condemned by the sanitary authority, and there was no otlier vacant. Many cottages are a dis-r ice to the country, and it is absurd to preach back to the land under these circumstan- I -I, ces. A" old-age pension scheme, which wou d undoubtedly brighten the outlook of the laborer, appeared to be further from reab'sat'on than it was two years ago. Un- do. 'btrd'v good work might be done by efforts to .cure the stability of village cluts a i.! so forth. Golfers in this district will learn with in- terest that His Majesty the King has graciously consented to continue his patron- age of the Royal St. David's Golf Club,. Harlech. In commemoration of his acces- sion a very artistic and valuable silver open challenge bowl is being presented to the club, the first competition for which will take place at the forthcoming Easter meeting. A curious construction is placed by some of the supporters of the Government upon their opposition to legislation in the interests of temperance. It is, says a London corres- pondent, that Ministers feel that nothing. will really promote temperance except the destruction of the tied-house system, and that they are only waiting to aim a blow at: the system when they are satisfied that they will not be in advance of public opinion. If one member of the Cabinet, who was a col- league of Mr. Gladstone, and is known to share the views of his old leader in resoecfc to tied-houses, could have his way they would probably very speedily cease to flourish. But the notion of a Cabinet which so largely depends upon brewers for its existence refusing to approve small measures for the improvement of the licensing laws becake of a contemplated bill to effect a sweeping change, is too fantastic to excite either the alarm of the trade or the hope of practical reformers. The Court of Appeal he given judgment in the important action known as the Cockerton case. A Divisional Court having held that the London School Board were not entitled to provide out of the rates science and art teaching, either in day schools or evening continuation schools, the Board appealed. The Court of Appeal, consisting of the Master of the Rolls and Lord Justices Collins and Romer, on Monday dismisfited the appeal. In the course of a long judg- ment the Master of the Rolls said the Court held that it was not within the powers of the Board, as a statutory corporation, to provide science and art schools or classes of the kind concerned in the case, either in day schools or evening continuation schools,. at the expense either of the school board rate or the school fund. If the Board were to have the powers they sought they must be obtained by legislation, for these powerSt the Court found, do not exist in any statute* or its equivalent already passed. It is understood that the London School Board will carry the case to the House of Lords.