..L L' .q Business Notices. TAP Vltl :s -r J £ 6? I ALADDIN'S J MAGIC TEA J IS THE 1 Best, Purest,$Strongest. J ONCE TRIED, ALWAYS USED. I ALADDIN'S MAGIC rfEA 1 O IS O Warranted Absolutely Pure. ALADDIN'S MAGIC TEA IS UNSURPASSED FOR ITS QUALITY AND PRICE. j U* T- $1 —————— -ALADDIN'S., MAGfC. Refreshing. Refreshing. Invigorating. Invigorating. ilb. and lb. Lead Packets. 2s. and 28. 6d. per lb. TRADE MARK. > T j When prices are compared quality should always be borne in mind. Aladdin's Magic Tea has successfully stood this test, and the UNIVERSAL TESTIMONY isth at itCANNOT BE BEATEN. It has a rich, luscious flavour, and is unequalled for its strength and exquisite aroma. S 1 ALADDIN'S MAGIC TEA || M Is well and carefully made up in packets of I m various sizes to suit the requirements jg M of customers. Ask your grocer for I j Aladdin's Magic j I • • Xc& • • i I jj WHOLESALE ONLY OF )) I WILLIAM WILLIAMS & CO., 1 1 5, BUTTON STREET, | Lj LIVERPOOL. I "AN*- "T' NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our columns are so crowded at present with news that we must impress upon our correspondents the great importance of sending all communi- cations as early as possible. It;is beyond our power always to set in type the great quantity of copy which is received on Tuesday, much of which might have been dispatched several days earlier. When it is possible we are glad to receive communications on Thursday and Friday for the following week's paper, and advertisers will greatly oblige by favouring us with their orders as early as they can. BRONANT.—Na, nid oes tal am gyhoeddi newydd- ion cyffredin; ond nis gailwn gyhoedai y newydd anfonvvch chwi am unrhyw dal. YMHOLYDD" PENNANT.—Nis gallwn gyhoeddi eich ilith am nad anfonasoch eich enw priodol. Ai i lwfrdra ynte i anwybodaeth yr ydys i briodoli hyn 1 Ai teg disgwyl i 4i roi myneg- iant i'ch cwyn chwi trwy'r wasg yn llechwraidd tra yt ydych chwi eich hun nid yr. unig yn rhy ofnus i alw sylw at y mater yn y capel, ond hefyd i anfon i ni eich enw priodol. Ofer i chi udo a dyheu am welliantau tra yr ydych yn rhy wangalon i ddwyn unrhyw gyfrifoldeb. NOTICE. The Welsh Gazette may be obtained every Thursday at Messrs Smith & Son's bookstall at Welshpool, Newtown, Towyn, Machynlleth, Cor- wen, Dolgelley, Barmouth, and Llandrindod Wells, and in London at Messrs Everett and Sons, Salis- bury-square, E.C- J THE "WELSH GAZETTE" WILL BE SENT Post Free for 6s 6d a Year. or 3s 3d for Six Months.
IN PRAISE OF THE WELSH COB. A WELL-INFORMED correspondent writing on the subject of Horses for South Africa in Saturday's Daily Telegraph says that the right breeds for use in South Africa are under the very hands of the authorities at home if they will only realise it; and a recent incident will serve to emphasise the utility of one of these breeds at once. The Welsh pony is famous both for speed and endurance. He is now more numerous than any other breed, fur he wanders over the hills and waste lands in all the twelve coun- ties of the Principality and also on the bor- ders of Shropshire. Herefordshire, and Monmouthshire, and he thrives marvellously still, though many common lands have been enclosed of recent years, and he is excluded from the better pastures by the shepherds. But hard times have improve/fl him by hard living, by natural selection, and by the sur- vival of the fittest. Sure-footed as a goat, able to pick up a living where the wet lands would rot" the sheep at once, he is a sound, strong, and useful animal, with good shoulders, strong back, neat head, and most "")." enduring legs and feet. Two centuries ago the first recorded introduction of superior alien blood occurred when that famous little horse, Merlin, was turned out to summer on the Welsh hills after his retirement from the Turf. Merlin had been unbeaten on the race-course, and was bought by a Welsh an- cestor of Sir WATKIN WILLIAMS WYNN, with the result that the value of all the ponies in his locality greatly increased in a few years' time, and his stock retain their reputation to this day. About 1850 another deliberate attempt was made to improve the breed by introducing such fast-stepping, small-sized Hackney sires as Cornet, Fireaway, Alonzo the Brave, and others. Mr. JOHN HILL, of Marshbrook House, Church Stretton, also experimented with the ponies in his neigh- bourhood, the largest of which was 12 hands 2; and some typical mares from among these (averaging only 10 hands) he put to an Arab sire. The result was a handsome, com- pact, and hardy stock averaging 13 hands. He went on; and put the fillies of this cross when two years old to the best Welsh stallion procurable of 14 hands 1; and similar experiments, all in view of a first- rate polo-pony of 14-2, have been conducted since. They have proved of the utmost' value and interest. It is clear, therefore, that the breed which suits the climate and the work in South Africa is a small breed, and though big, heavy horses may have been needed for our artillery and transport, it is evident that they have been simply wasted on our mounted men. For producing any good special breed, uniformity of type in each parent is essential. And what our moun- ted men require in any campaign is a stout' weight-carrying animal from 14 hands to 14-3, which can cover long distances at fair speed, and live on poor food for weeks to- gether during the exposures of warfare with- out losing condition. The way to supply this want is equally evident, and the pro- duction of the polo pony shows what can be j done.
ABERYSTWYTH AND SUNDAY CLUBS. WE have been given to understand that a stormy meeting of the members of St. David's Club, Aberystwyth, was held on Saturday evening, when it was decided, by about twenty-three votes to six, to open the Club on Sundays.. Several prominent mem- bers of the Club having protested in vain against, the unwisdom as well as the inex- pediency of such a departure, immediately tendered their resignations. It remains to be seen whether this decision will meet with the general approval of what may be termed the social conscience of the town, and whether it will continue for long to receive the support of even the members themselves. The decision to open the Club on Sundays is to be regretted on many grounds. It is a distinctly retrograde step- -completely out of harmony with what is best and noblest in the life of the town. It is not, we think, necessary to introduce the religious element into this question at all. It can be deter- mined decisively enough from the social standpoint alone. But we do not think that the decision to open the St. David's Club on Sundays need excite any alarm, feeling sure that the social environment of the town will, in the long run, get the best of it and that the members will have to succumb to its influences. In view of the adoption' of this course by the members of the St. David's Club we hail with delight the announcement that Mr. RITCHIE'S new Licensing Bill will contain certain clauses dealing with the registration and conduct of clubs of this kind. It is well known that a great deal of liquor is consumed at these clubs, and that far too many patronize them on this score alone, and the Government's Bill, therefore, provides for a stricter* control and super- vision and suggests increased severity of the penalties for permitting drunkenness." Speaking at Treorky on Monday night Mr W. ABRAHAM, M.P. (Mabon), referring to the new Temperance Bill, said that he did not approve of the opening of clubs on Sun- days; and he did not know that Liberal Clubs were opened to sell drinks on Sunday, but whether they were or not he was just as emphatic in his condemnation. So strong were his views on this question that if the retention of his seat in Parliament depended upon his approving the opening of clubs on Sundays he would say Farewell, my seat, the Sabbath for me." MABON is not a mere sentimentalist, and his wide experience of clubs should give weight to his words.
I DISESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCH IN WALES. IN the House of Commons on Tuesday night Mr. WILLIAM JONES moved:—" That in the best interests of the Welsh nation and of the Church, the State Establishment of the Church of England in Wales should cease to exist." Mr. JONES said that he was animated by no feeling of hostility towards the Church as a Church. In dealing with that very important matter he did so with the full coiifldenca-tliat he had the majority of the Welsh nation at his back. The ques- tion fwas not the Church, but the State Establishment of the Church, which was regarded as an incumbrance which should be removed for the sake of the Welsh people and its religion. The English Church Establishment in Wales was never the Church of the people. It had been called AN ALIEN CHURCH, not by Nonconformists or Dissenters, but by distinguished Churchmen. He might quote the Dean of Llandaff and Professor Freeman to show that the English Church and the British Church stood in no relation to one another, that there was no line of continuity. He might also quote the words of the Yen. Archdeacon Price, that the subjugation of the Welsh Church brought with it an awful evil, that it rendered it almost impos- sible for Welshmen to realise the true nature and origin of spiritual jurisdiction. It was the policy of the Norman Kings and their successors to stamp out the nationality of the Welsh people, and the Episcopate was made the instrument. During several cen- turies the bishops were essentially a hostile garrison, bound to the English Crown by ties of gratitude for the past and by hatred of the Welsh people. The whole history of the Establishment was that it ruled over the Welsh people, but not for their religious benefit. In the time of the Tudors the Bishops did give Wales a Bible after years of idleness, but it was not used by the Welsh people. In fact, wherever they interpreted the history of the Welsh nation they would find that the Church, which was said to be the National Church of Wales, had never touched the people. If it had the Bible would not have been left untouched for well nigh 150 years before Welsli feeling took it up. When the awakening of Nonconformity came it was seen that THE LANDLORDS AND THE CHURCH dignitaries only Lad reaped any benefit from the Church, and that the Welsh people had received no benefit at all. History clearly showed that the spiritual life of Wales had been fanned by Nonconformity, and that Nonconformity arose out of the failure of the Church to touch the Welsh people. It was due to the feeling that the Establish- paent chilled the heart of Welshmen that the great secession from the Church was made, and that chapels were built along the country- side, in hill and dale, until nearly 4,000 chapels had now been built by the people themselves. In Wales it was in a century of Nonconformity that they had the true spiritual reformation, and now, as the fruit of that, they were having the renaissance of learning. Further fruits of the Reformation in Wales were the preservation of the lan- guage, which had been languishing in the cathedrals, the literary activity of the peasantry of Wales, the rise of periodic literature, and the desire for education. But the great factor of all was the religious faith of the people. I GO AMONG THE WORKMEN of Wales, and what did they find? As a result of this great movement they did not take sport, they did not talk about racing. On the Monday they talked about the sermons of Sunday, political subjects, specu- lative thoughts, and education. Only the other day he saw three workmen O the very admirable book written by the First Lord of the Treasury on the Foundations of Belief," following the subtle arguments of the work, and ready to debate the whole points. Whotwere the best scholars in Wales to-day in the field of Biblical criticism and literature- in every field of scholarship and education ? Nonconformists. Following the religious awakening, the Free Churches began to organise, and the discipline thus experienced made them competent to undertake satis- factorily all the duties of self-government. The people of Wales had sent to Parliament an overwhelming majority to ask that the Establishment should cease. But he would not be unfair to the Church. The Church had been revived. -There had been true Church reform, and that reform was still proceeding. Every true-hearted Welshman, whether Nonconformist or Churchman, was glad of it. The voluntary system which is being introduced into the work of the Church would make that Church better. The main stream of national life was guided by Nonconformists, whereas the Church was standing by. There was a desire among the best Churchmen to co-operate and participate in the full life of the Welsh nation. In that case they should have Disestablishment as THE ONLY REMEDY. The future hope of the Church in Wales was Disestablishment. The Church of Ireland had been disestablished, and it was now a successful Church. It was strange that the Anglican Church never laid hold of any Celtic people. It tried its ministrations in Scotland and failed. It tried in Ireland and failed. It had tried in Wales and failed. As the right hon. mem- ber for East Fife (Mr Asquith) had said, they claimed to be engaged in a high and sacred task in redeeming the cause of religion and the Church itself from the obstacles and embarrassments which in the eyes of the Welsh people impeded and discredited it. The Nonconformists had hopes for the Church. Let it give its full contribution to the life of the nation without any trappings of State Establishment, without any pre- tensions, but with concord and harmony removing bitter sectional strife. Let them work together for a Church really national, making it more catholic, more Anglican, more spiritual, more Erastian, more Christ- like in all. Mr Asquith also spoke, and based his sup- port of the motion upon the broad ground of national policy, stating that he still retained, with as much emphasis as ever, the opinions which he had previously expressed on the subject. Mr Ritchie opposed the motion on behalf of the Government, and Mr Vicary Gibbs and Mr Seely also spoke against it. Sir W. Harcourt pointed to Mr Asquith's speech as a proof that Liberal principles were not obliterated, and that the Liberal Party were sound on the question of religious equality. On a division the motion was rejected by 218 votes to 177. When the Opposition found that they had lost by a majority of only 41 in a House of 395 mem- bers there was a prolonged outburst of cheering. Only two or three of the Welsh Unionist members went into the lobby with the Government.
NOTES AND COMMENTS. —. The Annual Reports of the National Provincial Bank of England and of the North and South Wales Bank appear in our adve- tising columns this week. At a meeting of ratepayers at Llandrindod Wells, last week, it was decided to build a pavilion on the recreation ground at a cost of £ 2,000. Ping-pong (says the 11 Morning Leader ") is a deadly anti-vaccinator. The number of people who can't play ping-pong because they have been vaccinated is not nearly so large as the number of people who can't be vaccinated because they play ping-pong. Father Ignatius has given enough work for Morien" until doomsday. The Rev. Father says that the Ddraig Goch is the Devil. What says Morien to this, we won- der? The Rev. Father's letter, which will be found in another column will sorely tax Morien's ingenuity. I The Prince of Wales has fixed Friday, the 9th of May, as the date of his installa- tion as Chancellor of the University of Wales. His Royal Highness will be accom- I paniect PLI this, his first visit to the Prin- cipality, by th JViaeess of Wales, As previously indicated in these columns, tb, Prince has left the selection of the locality of the ceremony to the University Court, which will meet at Shrewsbury on Saturday, the 15th of February, to receive deputations from towns making applications and to decide the question. A licensed victualler was summoned before the Abergele justices on Saturday for having sold brandy to a drunken man. It was admitted that the liquor was paid for by another man who was sober, and the defendant's solicitor contended that, as the pnblican did not know of the intoxicated condition of the man who eventually received the brandy, the licensee could not be con- victed under the summons. Police evidence was given to the effect that the man's con- dition was obvious, and the magistrates fined the defendant. — —»«——« -< I do not want to say," said Mr Justice Lawiance at the conclusion of the recent case of Gabb and Gosney v. Lovibowd, what I am burning to say, hut I may as well say it. I am not satisfied with the verdict, and I think that the damages were ridiculous. I stay execution on notice of appeal being given within ten days." On this the "Law Journal" makes the fol- lowing comment-" It is unfortunate that Mr. Justice Lawrance, while not wanting to make these extra-judicial remarks, should have been induced to make them. If the damages were ridiculous, the Court of Ap- peal, and not Mr. Justice Lawrance, is the tribunal to say so. The increasing tendency of certain judges to comment upon the findings of juries is both unconstitutional and futile, and the sooner it ceases the better it will be for the dignity of the Bench." According to the Lancet," the full effects of tobacco can only be experienced when they are assisted by the drinking of alcoholic liquors. It cannot be doubted that when evil effects ensue upon smoking tobacco they are very much intensified by indulgence in alcohol. Further, though even after a. more than moderate indulgence in tobacco no toxic symptoms, such as headache and stupor, may supervene, yet such would pro- bably be the case if alcoholic drinking was practised at the same time. The powerfully solvent action of alcohol is sufficient ex- planation of this. Nicotine and the pyridine bases are very easily soluble in alcohol. An alcoholic drink is therefore calculated quick- ly to wash out this poisonous oil and carry it into the stomach, absorption of the poison ensuing, giving rise to definite toxic symtoms, due not so much to alcohol or pyridine bases alone as to the combined action of both in the manner indicated. Such symptoms would probably be avoided if smokers would abstain from drinking alcohol at the same time that smoking is being in- dulged in. Many a headache or malaise would thus be guarded against. The Archbishop of Canterbury, preaching on temperance at Manchester, on Sunday, aid it was foolish beyond description, it was the most utter folly, for any man to think that if any evil thing had prevailed over him, and had prevailed over him in spite of resolute resistance for any length of time, it was enough if he went on professing re- sistance and would not take what he knew full well was the only effectual mode of really resisting. The way of esoape for such persons said the Archbishop, was to put the source of temptation away from them. They must not only seek to fight against this thing whenever they saw it, but if possible drive the temptation itself away from those who .were fighting the battle in vain. And so it was that temperance societies were constantly pressing on the Legislature that, whatever else they did or did not do for this cause, yet at any rate they should do as much as this-viz. try to remove the temptations as far as they could be removed out of the path of their fellow- man, and limit the amount of the tempta- tion, if they could not abolish it altogether. They asked the Legislature to do what lay in them to make it possible, for a man to avoid temptation altogether, and not only possible but easy. It was a hard fight, and sober men very often could not be brought to see what was really at issue, and that in a vast number of cases it was the only way of escape" for those who had fallen, and that while temptations were allowed to abound in such fearful measure as they were allowed at present it was hopeless to preach to men that they ought themselves to do battle with the temptation that was every- where around them and fight on the other side. The Radnorshire County Governing Body was called upon the other day to deal with a humiliating bit of transaction which, we are glad to find, evoked the disgust and dis- approval of all its members. Here is a the report from the Hereford Times ":— The Finance Committee on recommending a number of Bills for payment, called attention to a bill for 30s for the use of a room at Presteign in which the public letting of the Presteign Charity lands was conducted", and it was stated that the bill included drinks which were supplied on the occasion.—The Chairman (Mr. C. C. Rogers) said his per- sonal opinion was against having drinks at sales, and he should like to know more about this.—The Clerk said the charge for the room was to be 10s 6d, or £1 Is with drinks. He was advised by a governor who was present that he had better get another lot of drinks in, and he did so. As the sale was a remarkably spirited one he did not feel justified in saying No when a gov- ernor said Yes." It was a very unpleasant duty to him, and he wished he was not there. — The Vice-Chairman (Alderman Bowen Davies): I know your principles, and that it would be against your wishes.—Mr. Pugh I do not think the Clerk could do anything else, but with the Chairman I am personally against these drinks, and in future I think it would be better to pay for the room and not encourage people to over- bid.—The Chairman I hate it. If people want drink they can get it, but I do not think we should pay for it.—Mr. Moseley: There is nothing to do but pay this time.— The Chairman Yes, but it can be brought up again before another letting takes place. —The Clerk I will see that it does not oc- cur again if that is the wish of the Body,- Mr. Heigh way: No doubt the governor at Presteign thought he had done a splendid thing !-The Chairman Quite so, and there is no instruction to the contrary.—The Rev. H. L. Kewley: It is very much against the opinion of every decent-minded man, and we should not en- courage a man to get drunk to get some advantage out of him. I propose that the practice be discontinued in future.—The Rev. J. H. A Griffiths seconded, and this « was agreed to. Captain Cosens presided over the annual general meeting of the Abervstwyth In- firmary on Saturday, when the statement for the past year, given in another column, was submitted and adopted. The report showed that there was an increase all round in the work of the Infirmary, and it was suggested that at the present rate of increase tD in the demands upon the institution the question of extending the premises would goon become imperative. Salvation Army statistics show the value of quiet, persistent efforts to reduce the number of public-houses, In Liverpool, th/are were, during 1890, some 13,000 police- court convictions. In 1900, there were un- der 4,000. Within, the ten years, the licenses had been reduced by 400, and last year another 44 were refused, The popula- tion has meanwhile increased by 110,000, owing largely to the extension of the city bounderies, but two years ago the police force was reduced by 100, saving £8,000 a year to the rates. By a united effort on the ï part of all religious bodies acting locally, thousands of public-houses up and down the land could be closed within a few years. < The united effort is, however, extremely rare. v tS *+ & 1