Aberystwyth Board of Guardians. The fortnightly meeting of the Guardians was keld on Monday at the Board Room. Union Work- house, when there were present:—Mr William Morris, Cyfoethvbrenin (chairman); Mrs E. H. James, Mrs Evaii Evai- Mrs Colby, Rev T. A. Penry, Messrs G. Fos"eU Roberts, B. E. Morgan, T. E. Salmon, and Ed ;vin Morris, Aberystwyth Rev J. Davies and Mr E. J. Williams, Ceulanymaes- mawr; Messrs J. 13. Morgan, Cynullmawr; R James, Henllys; James Jones, Llanbadarn Lower; David Morgan, Llanfihangel Upper; David Davies, Llan- iibangel Lower Daniel Jones, Llangwyryfon; W. Davies. Llanilar: Joseph Parry, Melindwr; R. Thomas, Tirymynach D. James and T. James, Tre- feirig R. L. Thomas. Vaenor Lower and M. D. Williams, Issayndre with Hugh Hughbs (clerk), E. Llewelyn (assistant clerk), and Mr Jones (master). Out-relief.The amount of out-relief adminis- tered during the past fortnight was as follows:— Per Mr T. Vaughan, £57 S-. lid to 177 paupers; per Mr J. J. Hughes, £43 14s to 154 paupers; per Mr T. Morgan, £53 12s to 159 paupers. Master's Report. -The Master reported that the number in the House was 47. as compared with 50 the corresponding period last year. The number of vagrants relieved during the past fortnight was €0 as compared w'th 34 the corresponding period last year. A parcel of periodicals and illustrated papers was received from his Worship the Mayor on the 27th ult. for the use of the sick inmates.— The Clerk was directed to convey the thanks of the Board to the Mayor for his gift. Soxue Committee.—The House Committee, whose report was presented by the Rev T. A. Penry, re- commended that the hours of admission for vagrants be changed from 7 to 9 o'clock as at present to 7 to 8 o'clock from April to September, and from 5 to 7 as at present to 5 to 6 from October to March. "This alteration was recommended chiefly with the object of curtailing the hours of the gardener, who had the charge of vagrants, and who now had to spend 93 hours a week in the House. The com- mittee also recommended that the wages of the cook be incrpased by iC2, making a total of E20 per annum.—The first recommendation was adopted, but that in reference to the cook's salary was deferred, it being necessary to give notice of motion. Small Pox Precanti&ns.—The Rev T. A. Penry proposed that. they as a Board of Guardians refer the question of the treatment of any possible small pox case in the House to the consideration of the Rural District Council. They had no isolating hospital belonging to this House, but they knew there was an arrangement made by the Corporation of Aberystwyth. This house was situated in the rural district, and it would be a matter for tha Rural District Council to come to some arrange- ment wilh the Corporation allowing them, in case of any small pox sase, occurring in the Workhouse, of removing such a case to the hospital they bad provided.—Mr James Jones did not think it would be advisable, because the place at Penro was very small.-Rev T. A. Penry But it will be a matter for the Rural District Council to arrange.—Mr James Jones said it was nonsense to think of that place It was only Ia small place, with five beds, and where were the nurse and attendants to live.— The Clerk said there would be no harm in calling the Board's attention to the matter.—Mr Salmon said he would support Mr Penry's proposition. He was surprised that Mr James Jones should say it all nonsense. The temporary isolation hospital had eight beta, q having regard to the small- pox scare there was notiung like pre- caution. Supposing a case happened In the Workhouse, would it not be well to be able to send the case to the isolation hospital. He was surprised at the light in which Mr Jones bad looked at this matter.—Mr James Jones I quite believe what I have said.—The Chairman said the Clerk could bring the matter on at the next District Council meeting, Vaccination.—Mr B. E. Morgan said with the prevalence of small-pox in London and other large towns, did not the Board think that some steps should be taken to have all the inmates of the House vaccinated. He knew they had no power to insist upon it, but he had spoken to the Medical Officer, who was of the same opinion as himself. he had also spoken to the Master, and asked him to go round all the inmates, and ask them if they were prepared to be vaccinated or not.—The Master said he had been round all the inmates. Out of 45. only one was willing to be vaccinated, another said he would submit if forced to do so, and all the others gave a blank refusal.—Mr B. E. Morgan asked whether some sort of persuation could not be brought to bear on the inmates. He thought it a serious matter, and they did not know what moment some tramp affected with the disease would come to Aberystwyth, and would probablv apply for admission to the House. He would like to ask the Clerk whether there were any means by which they could induce the inmates to be vac- cinated.—The Clerk replied not with adults. If toey did not see the advantage of it, they could not compel them.—The Clerk said when a case broke out in the House five or six years ago, all the inmates were vaccinated.—The Master said that more than half of those were still in the House. Corrections.—Mr Fossett Roberts drew attention to a paragraph which appeared in a contemporary, and as he thought it reflected on the Assessment Committee, of which he was chairman, he took upon himself to bring the matter forward. The paragraph was, to say the least nf it, brimful of in- accuracies. Mr Roberts then read the paragraph, but said he noticej in a subsequent issue that the sum of Z700 stated to have been paid in out-relief in Aberystwytb more than was paid eight or nine years ago had been rejuced to Z500. With refer- ence to the statement made that the ratepayers did not know that their assessments had been increased until they got the demand notes, Mr Roberts said the supplemental list was made in September last, and due notice given and the rate approved in Nov- ember and if any ratepayer felt aggrieved he had the right to appeal to the Assessment Committee, who would do what was fair and reasonable. The paragraph also stated there would be a general revision. That was quite correct. With reference to the statement that the ratepayers had no oppor- tunity of comparing the town assessment with the country assessment, the valuation lists were open to the ratepayers. Penparke paid full poor rate on houses and not one-fourth as stated, and there was a lot of valuable land in the locality which was highly valued, and for which Penparke should have some consideration. As to the statement that the ratepayers bad no voice in the appointment of overseers and the making of assessments, rates, &c, Mr Roberts said the ratepayers had more voice now than they bad formerly, because by the Act of 1894 all the members of the Assessment Committee were elected guardians, whereas before the Act one-third were ex officio guardians. The amount a Is 2d rate brought in at Penparke was P-10 15s 9d, and not £3 4s 6d as stated.—The Assistant Clerk said the School Board precept for the half-year was iC520, as compared with £250 ten years ago, an increase of £ 270; and the county rate was "1, as compared with £263 ten years ago, an in- crease of R.270, or a total increase for School Board and county rate purposes of £ 548. Although the rateable value of Aberystwyth bad increased £ 12,000 in ten years, the Union precept for the present half-year, for Union purposes only, was 4124 less than in the corresponding half ten years ago, so that the guardians were not responsible for the rates keeping up. With reference to the alleged increase of E500 in the out-relief, he found that in the year 1890 the out-relief was £ 3,500. of which E105 was collected from relatives, leaving the net out-relief at £ 3.395. Last year the out- relief was Z3,674, of which JE289 was collected from relatives, leaving the net out-relief at E3,385, or £10 less than in the year 1890. In 1890, in- maintenance was £643, and last year £544, or a decrease of E90. Therefore, if they compared the total cost of relief in this Union last year with the year 1890 (taking both in-door and out-door) tkere was no increase of aboutE700 or even £500, but on the other hand a decrease of £ 109.—Mr Salmon thought that the explanation given was highly satisfactory. Appointment of Gardener.-O-en Richards, of Penparke, the person appointed gardener at the previous meeting, having declined to accept the appointment, it became necessary to appoint another man. Three of the other applicants had been interviewed by the committee, namely. David Williams, Jenkins, Little Darkgate-st., and Messach Davies, Portland-road. Williams and Davies asked 24s a week and Jenkins 25s a week.—Mr J. B. Morgan proposed the election of Davies, who, he said, was a local preacher, and could fill in his time at the House on Sundays by preaching (laughter). Mr E. J. Williams seconded.—Mr B. E. Morgan proposed the appointment of Jenkins, and this was seconded. On a division Davies received 11 votes, as against Jenkins' eight, and the former was de- clared elected.
PENLLWYN. ENTERTAINMENT.—A successful entertainment was held at the Board School on Friday evening. The chairman was Mr R Adams, and the secretary Mr A J Pierce. The attendance was good, and the audience wa* good-humoured throughout the meeting. The following programme was gone through :—Recitation, Pos," Johnnie J Hushes recitation, "Cerddi Cymru," Getta J Morgan; song, Plas Gogerddan," Hughie A Hughes; trio: Can y Morwr," David 0 Morris, Ivor P Morris, and Olwen Morris; recitation, "Yblodenyn unig," Mary L Rees; song. "The fairy Queen" by six school girls; song, Mr J J Hughes; competition, "Welsh Dictation," 1st, Mary L Rees, 2nd, Miss Margaret Edwards; quartette, "Arglwydd ein lor," Messrs E D Morgan, J Hughes, Misses M. Edwards, M Hughes; recitation. "Twr Babel," Richard Hughes song, The falling snow." Mr Isaac Jones and party; dett." Y Llusern," Miss J Jones, Min- afon, and D 0 Morris; dialogue, Sut fechgyn ieuainc wnant wyr da from YGymraes," "Misses Jennie Jones, Glanrheidiol, and Maggie Edwards song, "Ar ol y frwydr," Mr D 0 Morris; competi- tion, "best Wit," 1st, Mr R W Lewis, Post Office, 2nd. Richard Hughes, Penbontbren recitation, Ar ol y frwydr," Miss Mary E Parry quartette, Cymru fechan," Messrs Owen Morgan, D 0 Morris, Misses Jennie Jones, Minafon, and Gwladys J Adams recitation, Dychweliad John," Mr W H Morris song," Hen bistyll y Llan," Miss Jennie Jones, Glanrheidiol; competition, "impromptu solo," 1st, Messrs Owen Morgan, and J Hughes, equal; quartette, Misses Jennie Jones, Lizzie Tre- gomng, Maggie Edwards and Blodwen M Jones; a farce entitled" Y Ffug-nodyn" was performed in character by the following persons :-Merchant, Mr Evan D Morgan; farmer, Mr A J Pierce; banker, Mr Owen Morgan clerk, Mr D 0 Morris policeman, Mr R W Lewis judge, Mr Goronwy Owen witness, Miss Margaret Edwards, the farm- er's wife Addresses were delivered by the Chair- man and the Rev D Morgan. The meeting was bronght to a close by singing the popular song Ebenezer (Ton y Botel) by a party conducted by Mr Isaac Jones. The usual votes of thanks were passed on the motion of the Rev D Morgan, aNd seconded by Mr T James, J.P., Aelybryn. Messrs J Morris and J Parry were the adjudicators. MARWOLAETH A CHLADDEDIGAETH MR WILLIAM JAMES. Nos Ian, y 30ain o lonawr, bu farw y blaenor ffvddlawn Mr Wm James, Pwllcenawon, yn 77 mlwydd oed, a chladdwyd ei weddillion marwol yn mynwent Penllwyn y dydd lau canlynol. Er wedi cyrbaedd oedran teg, blin iawn yw genym feddwl am farwolaeth yr hen bererin mwynaidd, a bydd aelodau eglwys Penllwyn yn teimlo'n hiiaethus ar ei ol am amser hir. Ganwyd Mr James yn Peny- bryn, Goginan. Hanai o deulu parchus Yr oedd yn gefnder i'r diweddar Dr Lewis Edwards o'r Bala, ac yr oedd yn meddu ar lawer o nodweddion y dyn galluog hwnw, yn arbenig yn ei bryd a'i wedd. Yn rhinwedd ei briodas a cbwaer Doctor Edwards, ymsefydlodd yn ei chartref-Pwllcen- awon, ac yno y treuliodd y gweddill o'i oes. Bu Mr James yn flaenor ffyddlawn a gweithgar yn eglwys Penllwyn am flynyddau. Ete hefyd ydoedd Trys. orydd yr eglwys, a chyda priodoldeb mawr y rhoddwyd y swydd anrhydeddus i'w fab Mr John James ar ei ol. Bu yn Gadeirydd Bwrdd Ysgol Cwmrbeidol am flynyadau maith, a cbyflawnudd y swydd gyda chyaeradwyaeth ei gyd-aclodau. Fel swyddog eglwysig gellid dweyd heb floesgni na bu erioed mo'i ffyddlonach; cyflawnodd ei waith fel y cyfryw gyda'r di-dwylledd mwyaf; nid bod yn y swydd, ond cyflawni gwaith y swydd oedd ei ym- gais ef. Svlweddolai ar bob adeg y cyfrifoldeb perthynol i'r swydd, ac ymegniai yn mhob modd i feddu dwylaw glan i gwrdd a'i Farnwr. Yr oedd yn ffyddlon anghyffredin i'r seiat; ac yma yr oedd yn hynod ddefnyddiol. Efe fu yn gwrando ar y plant yn adrodd eu hadnodau ac yn eu holi arnynt hyd yn ddiweddar. Ymawyddai gweled y bobl ieuainc yn ymarfer a gwaith y cysegr, a rhoddodd y gwaith hwnw i'r rhai a lafuriant gyda'r plant. Yr oedd Mr James wedi cael crefydd-crefydd a yrn- afaelodd yn ei ysbryd, ac a'i gwnaeth yn feddiant iddoei hun. Yr oedd yr elfen oreu mewn crefydd yn gref yn ei fywyd—tangnefedd. Cas beth ei enaid ydoedd ymgecrið Yr oedd ei eiriau tawel, arafaidd, fel olew yn tawelu ffyrnigrwydd y tonau ar adeg o ystorm. Edmygid ef yn fawr yn y rhinwedd yma. Yr oedd ei ddyddordeb yn ngwaith y cysegr yn ddiarbebol. Byddai bron yn ddieith- riad yn holl gyfarfodydd yr eglwys, er pellder ffordd oedd ganddo i ddod. Bu yn nodedig o laf- urus gyda'r Ysgol Sul befyd ar hyd ei oes. Yr oedd yn athraw da. Paratoai yn ofalus ar gyfer ei ddos- barth. Yr oedd ei enaid yn ymhyfrydu yu nahetbau Duw, ac ar ol rhyw bythefnos o fcystudd trwm ?tl?d?dd eiysprjr'J jri hwn a'i rhoes. Tystiolaeth V dorf Inosog a pbarchus ddaeth yn nghyd ddydd ei gladdedigaeth ydoedd bod y gymydogaeth wedi colli un o'i dynion mwyaf crefyddol a defnyddiol. Darllenwvd a gweddiwyd wrtb gychwyn o'r ty gan y Parch W Jones, Aberystwyth ac yna wedi canu emyn ffurfiwyd gorymdaith yn yr hon nid oedd dim llai na saith ar hugain o gerbydau; yr oedd ugeiniau lawer hefyd ar draed.. Yn y capel gwnaed sylwadau ar gymeriad yr ymadawedig, wedi i'r Parch T J Morgan fyned i weddi, gan y Parchn D Morgan ei weinidog, D R Williams, T Levi, Ffoulkes Roberts, Machynlleth, a diweddwyd y gwasanaeth gan y Parch J C Evans, Borth. Ar lan y bedd darllenwyd rhanau o'r Ysgrytbyr gan y Parch D Caron Jones, Borth. a gweddiwyd yn dra effeithiol gan y Parch D Morgan ar ol hyn canwyd Bydd myrdd o ryfeddodau." Yr oedd pymtheg o weinidogion CM. Gogledd Aberteifi yn bresenol yn yr angladd Nos Sabbath, pregethwyd pregeth angladdol gan y Parch T E Roberts, M.A., Aberys- twyth, ar Malachi ii, 5 a 6 o adnodau. Chwareuwyd y "DeadMarch" ar yrofferyn ganMissJones,Minafon, a chanodd y cor dan arweiniad Mr J Morris yr anthem—" Y cyfiawn drig yn y nef" It. thonau cy- faddas eraill. Cydymdeimlir yn fawr a'r perthyn- asau oil yn eu galar ar ol tad mor garedig a thadcu mor addfwyn.
LLANRHYSTYb. UN O'R LLE a ysgrifena mewn atebiad i aw- grym Cyfiawnder "yny" Gazette blaenorol nad mwmpwy ar ran y plant crybwylledig oedd y rheswm dros idrlynt ymarlael agYsgolGenedlaethol Llanrhystyd. Fel prawf o hyn, nid oes dim yn natur yr eneth hon (sef un o'r ddau blentyn) yn ei gwneud yn anhawdd ei thrin. Nid oes yr un eneth o fewn yr ysgol yn fwy llednais ei bvpbryd, ac hefyd yn eneth o gyrhaeddiadau meddyliol cyflym. Rhaid ei bod yn eneth ddymunol ei hysbryd ac yn medru dysgu yn dda gan iddi fod yn wrth-ych canmoliaeth yr- Inspector rai troion cyn hyn. Nid ydwyf fi yn barod i gredu mai ar ein parchus Vicar oedd y bai mewn gofyn coron y nos am fen- thyg yr ysgoldy i'r cor canu, gan fod y cantorion wedi cael yr ysgoldy yn rhad hyd ddvfodiad y person hwn i'r lie, felly rhaid fod hyn hefyd yn un o'i gamgymeriadau yn y lie hwn. LHWAREU TEG" a ysgrifena:Llawer iawn o ysgrifenu sydd wedi bod yr wythnosau diweddaf yn nghvlch Ysgol Genedlaethol Llanrhystyd a'i hysgolfeistr. A chan fy mod yn credu mai oddiar genfigen ac anfoddlonrwydd direswm mae y cwbl wedi tarddu, yr wyf yn teimlo dyledswydd arnaf i ddweyd gair dros yr hwn sydd yn cael cam. Nid yw yr ysgolfeistr newydd wedi bod yma dri mis eto, ond y mae wedi gweled tipyn o anhawsderau yn y He erbyn byn. Perthynasau y <liweddarysgolfeistr yw ei elynion. Yr ydym wedi gweled yn y "Welsh Gazette ragor nag unwaith fod dau blentyn wedi ymadael a'r ysgol yma a myned i un arall. Nid oes eisieu i neb ryfeddu at hyny gan y mae y pechoct Ueiat oeddjyn ddigon i beri byny, waeth plant i bertbynasau yr hen ysgolfeistr ydynt. Yr oedd rhywun yn dweyd na we!wyd plant yn ymadael a'r ysgol yma yn ystod amser y diweddar ysgolfeistr. Nid yw rifer y rbai aeth o'r vsgol yma i ysgol arall fawr yn fyr o ddwsin yn ystod yr amser yna. Nid oes droschwe' blynedd oddiar pan aetb y diweddaf oddiyma achos iddi hi a'r merched eraill i gyd, ond nith iyr ysgolfeistr. gael eu troi yn ol. Yr wyf yn meddwl mai diwygiad er gwell y mae yr ysgolfeistr newydd wedi ddwyn yma ydyw un achos o'r helynt. Fel gwyr pawb ni fuodd erioed mwy o ddiffrwythder nag a fu yn nglyn a'r ysgol yma y deg mlynedd qr hugain diweddaf. Fel y mae pawb yn gwybod ni chafodd plant yr ysgo! yma ond y manteision lleiaf i'w talentau yn ystod yr amser maith yna. Fel y mae yn wybyddus i filoedd, ni chodwyd ysgolfeistr nac ysgolfeistres o'r ysgol hon yn ystod y deg mlynedd ar bugain o amser; tra mewn pob ysgol arall bron mae pupil teachers" ieuainc yn pasio i mewn i'r colegau yn flynyddol, ac yn enill scholarships." Y mae cym- aint a tri a phedwar yn pasio bob blwyddyn o ysgolion cyfagos, y rbai sydd ag attendance eu plant rbywbeth yn debyg i'r ysgol yma. Ni add- ysgwyd yr un plentyn yma erioed i basio i mewn i'r ysgol ganolraddol, ond y mae yn dda genyf ddeall fod ein hysgolfeistr newydd wedi pasio llawer o blant i mewn iddi cyn hyn fel y caent flwyddyn o ysgol ya rbad. Gooeithio ei bod wedi gwawrio ar blant Llanrhystyd erbyn byn. Mae ganddynt fantais trwy eu bod wedi cael ysgolfeistr sydd wedi pasio mor anrhydeddus ac yn ddyn ieuanc mor ymroddgar. Da yw gweled ei fod yn cymeryd at ddysgu cana i'r plant, yr hyn oedd yn ddiffygiol iawn yn y gorphenol,fel yr oedd yn hawdd gweled yn yr Eglwys os byddai yr ysgolfeistr yn absenol a'r harmonium ar stop. Ni ellid cael iteb i arwain ton yn mhlith v cor lluososrond dvn ieuanc wedi ei fagu mewn ardal arall. Gan mai felly mae pethau wedi bod, doethach fyddai i berthynasau yr hen ysgolfeistr fod yn dawel, a gadael llonydd i'r ysgolfeistr fyned yn mlaen a'i waith. Ond y mae yn siwr o fod yn ddyn da, neu fuasai ysgol Ciicenin ddim yn cynyg codiad iddo yn ei gyflog os arosai yno. Bydded i'r dyn fod yn galonog a peidio gwneud sylw o gwbl o ffolineb rhai pobl. Gall fod yn sicr fod mwy o ddynion yn LIanrbystyd yn falch o bono nag sydd yn ddig wrtho. WAETH PwY" a ysgrifena: Darllenais y llythyr amddiffynol i'r ysgolfeistr a ymddangosodd yn y Gazette yr wythnos o'r blaen gyda gofal a manylrwydd. Cymeraf osodiadau y llythyr un ar ol un.-Il Nid ydyw ond teg i'r meistr newydd" meddai y llythyr, i ddywedyd fod yr ysgol eisoes wedi gwneud rhyw gynydd dan ei ofal er mai o'r braidd y mae eto wedi bod mewn gofal am ddeufis." Brawddeg bostiwr i'r earn ydyw hona, a gwyr pawh nad yw bostiwr byth yn gampwr. Ond nid oes dim byd yn y bost a'r brol hyn wedi'r ewbl pan edrycher i mewn iddo. Os nad ydyw pob ysgol yn y deyrnas yn gwneyd rhyw gynydd mewn deufis o amser" dan yr athraw sydd yn gofalu am dani, nid yw yr athraw hwnw yn sicr yn werth ei halen. Cofied yr ysgrifenydd bombastyddol y ffaith yna os byth yr ysgrifena i bapur eto. Gosodiad arall yr ysgrifcnydd ydyw fod yr attendance wedi myned i fynu dan yr ysgolfeistr o 55 i 67. Dyna frolio chwyddedig eto. Yr oedd cyfartaledd y presenol- ion yn yr ysgol y flwyddyn ddiweddaf (cyn i'r ysgolfeistr hwn ddyfod i'r lie) yn 65. Cafwyd grant gan y Llywodraeth llynedd am 65. Y mae rhagor o blant yn y cylch yn awr nag oedd y pryd hwnw. Y mae pump o blant yn Felin fawr yn unig o'r newydd er mis Medi. Dvlasai yr attend- ance fod lawer dros 67 felly ar byn o bryd; felly dyna'r ail osodiad wedi myn'd eto yn ddiswmp fel coden fwg. Mi gawn yn nesaf nad ydyw Miss Richards ddim yn gyrnhwys i gymeryd gofal o ysgol. Felly yn wii. Pwy ddywedodd ei bod, a phwy eisiau son am Miss Richards oedd o qwbl, mi leiciwn wybod. Is-athrawes ydyw Miss Richards, ac y mae yn dod i fynu a got'ynion y gyfraUh fel is-athrawes i'r llytbyren, fel y mae yr ysgolfeistr yn gorfod dod i fyny a'r gofynion i fod yn athraw y c', Ai Miss Richards ydyw y bwci, tvbed ? Na, o'r braidd hyny chwaith, gan fod yr ysgrifenydd yn dywedyd hefyd fod yr ysgolfeistr wedi "dclaw yn garedig i'w dysgu am ddim fel y gall gymhwyso i gael post yn y dyfodol. Ymddengys y frawddeg yna yn llawn varnish caredigrwydd. Y mae Miss Richards, beth bynag, wpdi dangos pob earedig- rwydd-i'r ysgolfeistr. Y mae hi yn gerddorcs drla a deallus, ac y mae wedi bod yn llawer ogynorthwv i'r ysgolfeistr yn y cvfeiriad hwn. Buaswn i yn falch o glywed fod Miss Richards wedi cynyg rhoddi gwersi yn rhad iddo yntau mewn cerddov- iaetb, er mwyn dangos gwert hfawrogiarl o ysbryd caredig. Ond mae merched yn wylaidd fel rheol, ac y mae yn rbaid eu hesgusodi am eu gwyleidd-dra. Ond y mae un gosodiad arall i sylwi avno eio. Dywed yr ysgrifenydd y buasai amddifadu yr ys- golfeistr o unrbyw ran o'i gyflog fechan yn anni- oddefol. Pwy mi garwn glywed sydd yn ceisio ei amddifadu a'i gyflog fechan. fel y geilw hi ? Bach ydyw'r gyflog, ai e ? A ydyw y gyflog y disgwylia dderbyn yma yn llai na'r gyflog oedd iddo cyn dyfod yma, tybed ? Os felly, beth ydoedd mor tfol a gadael ei hen le yntau ? Ac os nad ydyw yn foddlon o'i gyflog, cymrhoraf ef i chwilio ar unwaitb am le y caiff rag-or ft gyflog ynddo er mwyn pob daioni. Gall Llanrhystyd fvned yn y blaen yn iawn, fel y mae wedi myned yn y blaen o'r cread hyd mis Rhafyr diweddaf heb wybod am dano. Parhau y mae y cvnhwrf yn Llanrhystyd o hvd. a gallaf eich sicrhau nad yw y storom eto wedi rlech- reu yn iawn. Ond ni ddywedaf ragor yn awr, ac felly yma y terfyu fy Ilith. ♦
ABERAYRON. FUNERAL, SERMON—The funeral sermon if) memory of the late Mr John O. Thomas, eldest son of Captain and Mis Thomas, Vulcan-place, who it will be remembered, with the stearne- of which Iw was second officer, had hen missing for several weeks, and of whose safety there is by this time no hope retained, was preached to a large congrega- tion at Peniel on Monday night by the Rev T. Gwilym Evans, pastor. MOX.ACHTY.-It is an interesting fact that Aberayron and the neighbourhood can net, as it could some twenty or thirty years ago, boast of a great number of resident gemry. Doubtless the lack of facilities for traveling easily and rapidly back and fore between their country seats and the outside world had a deal to do with their leaving the place altogether as so many of them have done In other respects, for instance, the natural beauty of the country especially the Vale of Aeron, and the many charming dells that lead up from th" sea to the heart of the country, the district may well vie with the most beautiful in Wales for charm and real natural attractiveness That this is so is evidenced by the fact that Monachty has been taken up as residence for five years by the Right Honourable the Earl of Shannon, of Castle Martyr near Cork. His Lordship with Lady Shannon and their family of four arrived at Monachty at the beginning of last week. TABERNACLE YOUG PEOPLE'S SOCIFTY.At a meeting held a few weeks ago, the young people belonging to the Tabernacle Church decided to furm a Society, in which were to be combined the ideas and principles of a Christian Endeavour Society, and of a Dorcas Society, The movement was taken up with enthusiasm. The following were selected officers and committee President, Rev John Thickens vice-president, Miss Jenkins, Wine Vaults trpasurer, Miss C A George; secretaries, Miss Anna Jones and Mr John Davies committee, Misses Davies and Jones, Mr J R Evans, and Mr David Williams, B.A. Two very successful meetings have been held. WHAT NEXT.—" A disgusted re-;iclent writes —A lengthy discouise from the pulpit on a cold Sunday morning is as distasterul as a precentor's ultra-harsh voice: and as unpardonable almost as the loquacity of a conductor at a singino, school." The stringency and scrupulosity of the ancient" deacon is proverbial. He led a vigorous life, armed himself with incontrovertible arguments (thought he) against all manner of frivolity. Con- demned he not such harmless diversions as circus going, etc? Our young people had occasion re- cently, to associate the diaconate in its modern form with buffoonery. (Vide Lit. a Deb. Sooiety report.) A gentleman, a local manager by the way, and a self-styled leader of thought, has created quite a consternation among those pupils of our county and elementary schools who attend a I certain place of worship in town. The manager in the course of a speech in the ve- nacular, inter- spersed for the sake of effect with an occasional word from the King's language, stumbled upon the I monosyllable chasm pronouncing it shasm." The pupils discovering that either their teachers had misled them, or that their managers, who pose as educationists, and adepts in the language of our Saxon neighbours are more ignorant than a Standard 3 boy or girl, were astonished to such an extent as to be ever since incapable of consultation with either their teachers or their dictionaries. The orator (?) should have said kasm." Perhaps be bad in his mind at the time the word choke." HUNT MEET.—The annual meet at the Bank, of the Neuaddfawr Fox-hounds took place on Thurs- day. The meet of the Hounds here is a great event, a red letter day in the monotonous history of most of us, a day anxiously expected and eagerly looked forward to. Whatever may be said of the merits or demerits of fox-hunting on the moral side—and there are many who are strongly opposed to it, it is probably the finest and most exhilarating sport in vogue. It is indeed, sport fit for kings, if royalty is entitled to better or finer pleasures than the rest of mankind. Fox-hunting as a sport is confined to the British. Dr Conan Doyle makes use of this fact in one of tbe" Episodes" of "Brigadier Gerard," where the gallant Frenchman describes in a most amusing fashion a fox-hunt in which he took part under unique conditions. The meet on Thursday was well-attended as usual. A sumptu- ous breakfast was provided at the Bank by Mr and Mrs Munro Hughes whose merits as host and hostess on all occasions are sufficiently well-known to need no comment here. Breakfast over, the hunting party was photographed in the Feathers field by Mr Dann and the Rev T. Evans. A start was then made along the usual road, past Alltygraig and the Common. Several foxes were seen, and a capital run was obtained after one, which however ran to earth near Tanybryn. Owing to the long distance from Neuaddfawr the party gave up the hunt early in the afternoon after a splendid run, but with no kill. A fox was started by Wigddu, which took them past Lletycrochan through Brynpithyll, then across the Arth to near Esgerarth where he got to earth, after a sharp run. Another fox was raised just here and took them back again to Wigddu Covers where he was lost. The meet was attended by all the elite of the neighbourhood, and there was a very large con* course of pedestrians who had at different points of the run a splendid view of the hunt. LITERARY AND DEBATING SOCIETY.-The meet- ing on Friday week of the Literary and Debating Society took the form of a variety entertainment. For a Society of this kind the tone of the enter- tainment was lowering, rowdiness being too pro- minent at times. All the juvenile members of the Society anticipating a lively evening; were present. together with a good number-more than has been seen for a long time-of ladies. The attendance of some of the senior members gave the meeting an air of respectability and dignity, which was sadly needed. Backed by the eminent authority of one of these we also hold that this night was a deterioration Seniors made tools of themselves for the amusement of the juniors. This perhaps was not so difficult an experiment as might be imagined. The juniors, noisy and ill behaved at all times, now quite unrestrained, conducted them- •e'ves just as they listed. Their behaviour on this occasion adds force to the arguments brought for- ward at the commencement of the present session, in favour of their exclusion from membership in the Society. As carried on at present, the Society be- comes for them merely an arena in which to dis- play their rowdiness and exercise lung power. The amusements provided on the programme were generally on a par with the childish conduct of those present. They were, many of them, exceed- ingly puerile, partaking closely of the Kinder- garten instruction. Several of the items were monotonous productive of a feeling of utter bore- dom. An interesting item, however, at the very commencement of the proceedings was the entry into the room of the Town Crier, who, attired in his robes of office, and armed with the insignia of his high calling, added dignity to the assembly. The first item on the programme was a spelling competition for the juniors. None were success- ful in spelling correctly all the words given. The words were parallel, teaser," wrong "-with a special accent on the last given word. In the im- promptu speeches for seniors, for which lots were taken, several took blanks, including Mr J M Howell, Dr Davies, and Mr Lima Jones. Mr D Williams, B.A., had as his subject, Do women spend too much on dress." Mr H W Seex had as his subject How to celebrate the first drill of the Yeomanry." Miss Scott, B.A., whose subject was, Should men wear top hats," came down heavily on the stronger sex on account of their alleged variety. She thought men liked top-bats as they could lift them with such an elegant sweeping swing. Mr Denham Evans had to decide How best to finish the Boer war." He thought we should fight to a finish, wiping the Boers com- pletely out. Mr D P James had as subject Should bachelors be taxed." His opinion was certainly they should not be taxed, as tliev weie very aselul members of the communitv. For the impromptu speeches to juniors three entered the lists. Seymour Rees had as subject. What profession would I prefer," and favouring the bank- ing- profession/ he gave a most g'.ow'ng and at- tiaciive description of a banker s life in Aberavron. Edgar Davies had to decide how a parent should his buy, but laboured under eu J0\1; dis- advantage tor ;i free t.restmot!' o!' ids u- 1ics v-v. required ,• girls. The first prize was awarded in iud cator, Dr D.ivi"s, to Seymour Itecs, and the second prize divided between t!>» other two com- I pe>itors. Tiie ilk-rri in tlle gramme was an incongruous one, vk, hat- 1 i-rii.iir.ing competiiion for men A and some ti-i oi- feathers weie provided It r each or the six competitors, who were required to trim the hat i r, the be-r way they could. Imagine a county alderman; a county cv.Tncillor a town councillor, a graduate, and two solicitors, endeavouring their best to trilll hats, to the in.ense delight and amusement, of a motley crowd. II most. be confessed that some of the finished productions were, from the point of view of a poor niale, ignorant of hats and fashions, highly creditable. The lady adjudicators declared Mr Denham Evans' hat to be the best, and Mr J \r HmvI'!l's to I):- the second best. One of the victorious competitors, delighted with his success. sent his hat home for his wife's inspection, and wo are given to understand that he contemplates opening a millinery shop at an early date. Each competitor was obliged to wear his hat at the close of the contest. Next came a bat-rrim ming competition for ladies. After several fruitless attempts on the part of a committee of 6 men (the idea) to decide whose production was the best, Mis- B Jones was declared the winner of the prize. For the next competition a blackboard was impro- vised, on which were written some sentences diffi- enlt. of pronunciation, which the competitors were required to read quickly. An instance of the bad management prevailing throughout the proceedings was the fact that in this contest and in two others no properadjudication was given. Several entered for the final item, that of directing a stranger" (Mr Seex) to a plice named, in the shortest and most lucid way. The directions given, were, in some cases, very funny, and created much laughter. This ended one ofthe most unprofitable meetings of the Society. From the point of view of attend- ance solely, the meeting was certainly a signal success.
SOTKNOK P P-TO- n A T R. LEMON OIL MADE BY hand. At the present time lemons we principally cultivated in Siedy, on tlie shores Of till' ILII(L ill Portugal, and the fees flourish to best advantage in the soil and amongst the loose stones of mountain slopes. Ti,t' Y""lIg h'(\(, is not, very fruitful. At the ii.g,, ,I* 15 years a tree should bear about 1.000 lemons, III)(] a full-grown tree from 8,1.100 to 5/XK). Australia, cultivates Kitflieienu for iis own requirements, ami it is grown in other Colonies. In the maimrae ure of IHIII in 011 the lemons are gathered when nearly cipe the rind separated from the pulp by cutting the fruit into two or three pieces. The oil is then expressed from the rind into n. poltge; the eonfenf.s of the sponge pressed into water, from whieh the oil sepal" atex, and IK collected. Tins process is all tlolIO by hand machinery has been introduced, hut the oil thus obtained is inferior, and actually more expensive than that produced J) v manual labour. A thousand lemons should yield three- quarters of a pint of oil, mid one workman can manipulate 12,000 lemons «, day. VENTILATION THROUGH WALLS. The air of heated rooms is changed quite rupidly through the walls in c >ld weather. More than twenty years ago Fhm<'e estimated that this spontaneous ventila- tion would completely renew the air of small rooms every hour when the difference between inside and outside temperature is 2o iog. F\; hut tt Koniewhafc slower rate has Ix en obtained sinee by H. Wolperfc in measur- itig the liotit-ly diminution of an excess of carbonic acid in an unoccupied room. In u room of 2,000 cubic feet, with painted walls, the passage of air per hour for each degree of temperance difference was somewhat, less than lootli of tjie total air of tlio rootit. Hut the rate was considerably greater with nia-onry walls ei vei-eti with paper, and three timell as rapid with ordinary whitewashed walls. ABOUT PERFUMES. It if, all interesting thing to know that fonr thousand two hundred npneies of plants are g thered and used foi- coininei-eiti purpose in Europe. Of these four hundred and twenty have a perfume that is pleasing and enter largely into the manufacture of scents, soaps, and sachets. There are more species of white flowers gathered than or any other colour-ttif-voit hun- dred and twenty-four. Of these one hundred and eighty-seven have an agreeable scent, an extraordinarily large proportion. Next in order callie yellow blossoms, with nine hundred and fifty-one, seventy-seven of them being poi- fumed. Red flowers number eight hundred and twenty-three, of which eighty-four are scented. The blue flowers lire of five hUlldred and ninety- four varieties, thirty-four of which are per- fumed, and the violet blossoms number three hundred and eight, thirteen of which art pleumaiitly odoriferotix. A NEW SYSTEM OF ELECTRIC LIGHTiNG. In this the lamps consist of glass tubes filled with the vapour of quicksilver, through which all electric current passes. The positive elect- rode is of iron, the negative of quicksilver. The lamps are attached to ordiuarv conducting wires citt-rying a current, of one hundred volts. A higher voltage is required to light them, and tins is obtainod by inenns of a Wehnelt inter- rupter. The light is very steady and very briiiiittit, but it is poor in red riiy-, ttviii there- fore not pleasant unless red reflectors are placed behind the lamps. LnrnpH giving one thousand candle-powor have been fed by a cur- rent of only one hundred and fifteen volts-a very economical result. THE INK OF THE ANCIENTS. M. Leidil has conducted researches which make it tolerably certain that the ink used by the ancients was composed chiefly of lamp- black. M. Leidig examined the contents of two bronze cylinders which were found in the ruins of a Roman villa at Vertault. The cytinders contained a dark substance, which, it was argued, was either an ointment, a paint, or ink. Chemical tests negatived the first two sug- gestions, and finally the substance was identi- fied as lampblack. Traces of copper, tin, iron and chalk were found in the ash. The ink was' therefore, of a nature similar to the present day Indian ink. WONDERFUL ENDURANCE OF CAMELS. Travellers in SiberilL have noticed with much surprise the ability of the native camels to withstand, without protection, the greatest ex- tremes of cold and heat. In winter the ther- mometer on the Mongolinit plateau sometimes drops to 40 degrees Fahrenheit, yet the camels wander about with no evidence of suffering. On the other hand, the Russian explorer, Prejevalski found the temperature of the ground in thn Gobi Desert in summer to be more than 140 degrees Fahrenheit, but the camels are appar- ently as indifferent to this degree of heat its they are to the winter cold. PEAT COAL AND GAS. The neoessity for new fuel supplies is stiinu- lating European inventors to great activity. The new process of Herr Stuber is claimed to con- vert peat and lignite into briquettes haviii" a heating valne fully equal to brown coal, and Germany's 5,000.000 acres of peat beds are covi- sequently rising in importance. Not less note- worthy is the system by which M. Riche of Pai is, claims to treble the yieM of gas from the destructive distillation of wood, peat, or lignite, the product being scarcely inferior to coal-gas. SOUTH AMERICAN WHITEBAIT. The smallest vertebrates hitherto known have been several species of little fishes in the South- ern States of America, the shortest being some- what less than an inch in length. A new species of goby is reported from Lake lluhi, in south- ern Luzon and is even Amaller, its average length being only half all inch. A surprising fact is that this tifiy species is a food-fish of some importance. Great numbers are caught in the lake, and, with peppers or other spiced herbs, they are prized by the natives. SCIENCE IN MARCHING. Scientific walking and marching have been AtriLtigely neglected, in the view of Mr. Giles A. Daubeny, a former oflicur in the British Army. He finds that when walking on the level, up-hill, or down-hill, the best and safest work with the least fatigue can be had only by adapting to each case the length of pace, the time of each pace, and the attitude and movements of the arms and tho whole body. Greater efficiency of soldiers and civilians will come from better faUuna.
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OWENS BROS., 31, NORTHGAT STREET ABERYSTWYTH BUILDE JOINERS, UNDERTAKERS,&C Estimates given for every descripti n of work WORKSHOP-PORTLAND LANK NOTICE JOHN ROBERTS, TOBACCONIST, 25 TERRACE ROAD, ^BERYSTWYTB AGENT FOR GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY Co, LTD Dentistry. EsTABLisara 40 YBABS. MESSRS MURPHY & ROWLEY, SURGEON DENTISTS, Honorary Dentists to the Aberystwyth Infirmary Cardiganshire General Hospital. ÂDDtaBM- rjJERRACE J^OAD, ^BERYSTWTIH MR. ROWLEY begs to announce that he u now able to undertake Gold and all other FIIUM^ Crowns, Bridge-work and all the latest improvements n Modern Dentistry. Artificial Teeth in the latest English and Amantem Styles. TEETH EXTRACTED PAINLESSLY UNDER GAS. Mr R. visits Machynlleth, Towyn, Aberayron, Tre- garon and Lampeter. Patiwits can be attended to any day at JrM. ystwyth. All at the mast Moderate Charges. Full particulars on application. DENTISTRY. MR A. C. POWELL, L.D.S., R.C.S. DENTAL SURGEON. 4, PORTLAND STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. Consultation Free. Charges Moderate. Mr Powell visits: OORRIS Second and Fourth Saturday in each month, at Mr. W. J. Edwards, Temperance, Glan-y- don, from 11 a.m. to 4-30 p.m. Also at MACHYNLLETH First and Third Wednesdays in each month, at Mr. Marpole, Liver- pool House, Maengwyn-street, from 2 p.m. tce.5 P.M. or by appointment. At TREGARON First and Third Tuesdays in each month, at Mr. Evans, Castle House, between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. COUGH MIXTURE Irou WINTER COUGH AND BRONCHITIS BY ROBERT ELLIS'S exxDH MIXTURE AND CHEST TONIC joid. and 2s. 3d. per bottle, post free J. B. EDWARDS, FAMILY GROCER, FLOUR AND PROVISION MERCHANT, 40, B RIDGE STREET J A BERYSTWYTH.. Jams, Marmalade, Jellies, Pickles, Cheese Lard, and all kinds of Potted Fruits Best Quality in Home-cured Bacon, and Fresh Butter and Eggs Daily TRY OUR SPLENDID TEAS NOTBD FOR STRENGTH URITY AND FLAVOUR All orders promptly attended to, and sent out to any part the Country FOR MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTig, PIANOS, ORGANS. Supplied on the 1, 2, or 3 years system. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS FOR HIRE. NEW AND POPULAR MUSIC TUNING AND REPAIRING IN TOWN AND COUNTRY. I WHEATLEY & SONS, 46, TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. Established 1851. 1 NEW SEEDS!! HADAU NEWYDDH EP. TAYLOR begs to inform his numerous • customers that he has received his annual stock of garden and field seed of the best sible quality. Early potatoes of various kinds ? best early, and Marrow; Fat Peas, and all other seeds. E. P. TAYLOR, Fruiterer, Greengrocer, and Radnor House. Game Dealer. Terrace-rd Aberystwyth. I Account Books OF ALL KINDS AT THE WELSH GAZETTE I OFFICE C. LUMLEY & SON, COAL, COKE. AND LIME MERCHANTS,; MACHYNLLETH, Sole Agents for the Celebrated Goulding's Manures^ Agents for Price Thomas' Phosphate. Special Terms fur truck loads. Delivered to any Railway Station