HISTORICAL RESEARCH And a Pint of Ale. Newtonian's Sunday Cycle Bide. Unlawfully and falsely representing him- self to be a bona fide traveller, and thus obtaining a pint of ale at the Waterloo Arms, Abermule, on Sunday, October 16th, was the charge which Benjamin Rowlands, a painter, living in Ladywell-street, New- town, appeared to answer at the Mont- gomery County Sessions last Thursday. We are not guilty," said Mr Martin Woosnam, solicitor, Newtown, who con- ducted the deience. P.C. David Davies, Montgomery, the prosecutor, said that at 11-50 a.m. that Sun- day he visited the Waterloo Arms, and found defendant sitting on a chair in the kitchen. On the table close to him was a pint-mug half full of ale. He wished Rowlands Good morning," and asked him where he had been. He replied, "TO THE BRIDGE TO TAKE THE NUMBER OFF," meaning to get the number of the bridge, as they had an argument about it in New- town the night before. Witness then asked Mrs Nicholls, the landlady, what did de- iendant say when admitted to the house. She replied, The little girl went to the -door." Mrs Nicholls' daughter-a little girl 16 or 17 years of age—came into the kitchen, and in answer to the same question, replied that Rowlands said he had been to the Half-way to see a friend. Witness told de- fendant he would be reported for obtaining a pint of ale by making a false statement- Mr Maurice Owen (a magistrate): What's this man ?-He is a painter. Mr Woosnam: I will TELL YOU ALL ABOUT HIM in a minute. .1 Mr Owen: Alright! Mr Woosnam: I have a good character. P.C. Davies, continuing, said that Row- lands replied, "I hope I haven't done any- thing wrong." Cross-examined, P.C. Davies said that on that Sunday he was returning from New- town in a trap, and Rowlands passed them .on his bicycle by Penarth. When witness ,got to Abermule, defendant was coming back from the direction of Brynderwen bridge into Abermule. Witness had known him for 16 or 17 years, and he had been a perfectly respectable man in every way. Mr Woosnam then had his client put in ihe witness box, where he gave evidence on oath. He was a married man with a family, and worked at present with Mr John Evans, Caersws. In consequence of an argument he had had at Newtown with regard to the erection of the bridge at Brynderwen, he went down on Sunday on his bicycle to see the bridge really. Mr Woosnam: The bridge was erected by Mr Penson after some big flood in—what year ? Witness: 1852. Mr Woosnam: And that really is on the .bridge in- Witness: Letters. Mr Woosnam: Iron letters. You take an interest in these little local matters ?—Yes. Mr Woosnam: I know from my own inowledge. From Newtown to Brynderwen bridge, said witness, was about 42 1 miles. On the way back he met P.C. Davies in a trap on the Montgomery side of Abermule, and called at the Waterloo for a pint of beer. When the daughter asked where he came irom, he "JOKED HER A LITTLE." P.C. Davies' evidence was perfectly cor- rect. Witness had lived in Newtown all his life, and had never had a charge of any description brought against him. He had worked for Mr Edward Davies, builder, for many years. No complaint had ever been made against his intemperance or anything of the sort. P.C. Davies: Can you give any reason why you made a false statement to Miss Nicholls ?—No, no more than out of fun, to joke her. You made that statement for the purpose .of obtaining that pint of beer ?—Certainly -not! Why did you say it, then ?—More out of fun. I didn't think I was doing wrong. It would have been ridiculous for me to .cycledown for that pint of beer!" ex- claimed witness when further pressed by the .constable. The Mayor (Alderman Fairles-Hum- phreys), who presided: How far is the public house fsom Montgomery ? P.C. Davies: Four miles. The Mayor: The case is dismissed. Mr Maurice Owen: I think it is five sniles from the river bridge to Newtown.
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SOMEWHAT LIFELESS. Laymfen Criticise the Temperance Movement in Montgomeryshire. An £ s. d. Problem. Teetotal Test for Schoolmasters. A Smoking Sidelight. "The publicans are grumbling something awful here," remarked a Llanidloes man last Thursday, when the Montgomeryshire Temperance Association held its annual meetings in the first town on the Severn. But there was a hospitable smile on the face of one temperance housekeeper as min- isters and laymen wended their way along Bethel-street to the Calvinistic Methodist Chapel. Mr John Edwards, Penegoes, one of the vice-presidents, took the chair in the "big pew," which also contained the energetic Secretary (the Rev J. M. Edwards, Sarnau), the hon. Treasurer (Mr David Rees, Llanid- ftes), the Rev Elias Jones (C.M.), Newtown, and the Rev Glyn Davies, Rhyl, secretary of the North Wales Temperance Federation. During the morning the attendance reached the number of forty many of these were ministers, but the gentler sex had only one representative-Miss Evans, Tynvreithin, Newtown. The assembly sang the hymn, Work for the night is coming," the Rev T. B. Evans, Carno, prayed, and then the Chairman spoke briefly in Welsh. COUNTY MEMBER A GREAT POWER. He said it was an undoubted disappoint- ment to them that Mr David Davies could not be with them that day. Their President was a man full of the temperance and total abstinence spirit, and had done very much to further the good cause substantially in Montgomeryshire and wherever elsewhere he went. Mr Davies' presence would have been an important inspiration to the con- ference in the work they were trying to do, but under the circumstances they had nothing to do but do the best they could in his absence. They could say that Mr Davies would be at their back in whatever scheme they might adopt—he had always been ready to support them (hear, hear). And," added the Chairman, you know what a great power money and influence have to carry out everything connected with the temperance movement." The Chairman, continuing, said that at present the temperance movement was un- doubtedly somewhat lifeless in Montgomery- shire, especially amongst the brethren. But there was a good deal of activity amongst the sisters-he believed it was they who kept the flame alight in the county nowa- days, and they should have the credit. He hoped the conference would have an in- spiration to the brethren to do something during the present year. Public opinion was in their favour. Much had already been done, but he felt they were in the midst of the battle, and he hoped the en- suing year would be noteworthy in the his- tory of the temperance work in the county. Perhaps some had a new scheme in their minds they could not always go along the old lines there had been too much of that in the past, but humanity needed variety. 15 MEETINGS, 28 SPEAKERS THE SAME NIGHT. Brief reports were then received of the temperance meetings that had been held in the district the previous evening, and on the motion of Mr David Rees, seconded by Miss Evans, a vote of thanks was passed to the speakers, who had taken part in the following meetings:— Llanidloes, Revs Howell Williams, Welsh- pool, and Charles Jones, Llanfyllin. Cwm- belan, Revs J. E. Thomas and E. Griffiths, Meifod. Llangurig, Revs T. B. Evans and J. Williams, B.A., Carno. Glynbrochan, Revs T. James, Llanfyllin, and G. Griffiths, Newtown. Pantydwr, Revs J. M. Edwards, Sarnau. and R. Jones, Llanidloes. Trefeglwys, Revs J. G. Williams, Llanfair, and R. H. Jones, Machynlleth. Neuadd, Rev G. B. Roberts, Caersws. Saron—Revs Elias Jones, Newtown, and Mr J. Edwards, Penegoes. Carno, Rev E. Wnion Evans, Machyn- lleth. Llanbrynmair, Revs Thomas Jones and D. H. Hughes, Machynlleth. Llanwnog, Revs T. Well Jones, Oswestry, and D. Mor- gan, Welshpool. Bwlchyffridd, Revs G. O. Evans, Coedway, and R. L. Williams, Pen- arth. Caersws, Mr Alfred Jones, Welshpool, and Rev 0. Matthias, Llanymynech. Llan- dinam, Revs Glyn Davies, Rhyl, and J. D. Hamer, Kerry. Caerau, Revs H. Parrv, Bwlchyffridd, and T. Williams, Groeslvryd. The Secretary had distributed printed copies of the Executive Committee's re- port, which appeared in last week's issue. The committee stated that they were able to report "considerable activity and pro- gress," but Mr Alfred Jones, Welshpool, who moved the report's adoption, found few signs of "progress." Temperance Sunday," lie said, was an old institution. Temperance sermons had been preached throughout the county for a large number of years. With regard to the last election, they were very satisfied that they had returned two gentlemen pledged to support temper- ance legislation,—(hear, hear)—and they left their opponents, who would not pledge themselves to any style of temperance legis- lation, weeping underneath the willows (laughter). But there again they could not report progress they were simply in the same position as before. "NO GOOD." It was very true that the need of tem- perance hotels, with stables attached, and village institutes are keenly felt in many places in the county." A very pleasant institute had been built at Llanidloes, also a village institute at Caersws there was another in course of erection at Machyn- lleth, and another' had been promised by the Plas Dinam family to Llanfair. The question of institutes had been before the Association as far back as he could recol- lect, but from the Association's standpoint they were in exactly the same position now as ten or twelve years ago. There is not an institute in the whole of the county that you can point to that has been erected by public enterprise. The institutions we have have been given entirely by the Plas Dinam family. I consider that is a very great re- flection upon us as an Association. It is no good to come here year after year and to present and discuss reports and.give sug- gestions, and then go away and be like sleeping bees, and re-appear next year and discuss the same thing without any sub- stantial progress being made." In the Welshpool district, continued Mr Jones, what work that had been done to make village life more pleasant and more pleasurable in the matter of amusements and institutions had been done entirely by the Church of England party. In Welsh- pool a Church of England institute had been established during the last twelve months, where young men and boys could go and read the papers and smoke they had a shooting club, and a place where they could play dominoes, draughts, etc. In fact, it was a splendid counter-attraction to the public house. There were similar in- stitutions at Pool Quay, Trewern, Middle- town, Castle Caereinion, and Leighton, pro- vided by the Church party. We are, as Nonconformists, veiy much to blame in this matter, and as a temperance party espec- ially," commented Mr Alfred Jones, be- cause everyone of us agrees that this is a direction in which we should work. YOU MUSTN'T COME TO OUR CHURCH TO COLLECT." "I hope that we shall make a real effort to get some work done. I don't know why it isn't done. I know in Welshpool the churches—or the ministers particularly— when it conies to a question of collecting money, they seem to say Hands off! (laughter). It is as much as we can do to make our own place pay its way, and don't you come around collecting subscriptions' (laughter). I have been secretary to the Free Church Council three or four years, and we find it is very difficult to collect subscriptions, and we are always handi- capped for lack of funds, simply because the ministers and deacons say, 'You mustn't come to our Church to collect. We have a collection every Sunday.' If we are to make progress, we must sink sectarian strife and jealousy, and be prepared to sacrifice a little as Churches in order that the general work shall go on the more speedily." With regard to auctions, continued Mr Jones, the report showed that things were ( as they had been. Drink was still provided at auctions and sales. Regarding scientific temperance teaching, they must heartily congratulate their Secre- tary for the excellent work he had done going about as a scientific lecturer and giving his services practically free. Mr Edwards must be a very busy man with the charge of two and sometimes three churches, but he did considerable work in winter in addition to his ordinary work by going ab'out delivering these lectures. Mr Edwards would do very much more still if he were given greater help. It was a shame that the Association could not enlarge its work in this direction, and make it less of a burden upon Mr Edwards. At least he should not be subjected to any out-of-pocket expenses in the work. HOW MANY T.-T.'s? Mr Jones was very glad that at last the Association had provided 6,000 pledge cards. The county medical men's manifesto showed a certain amount of progress during the year, but he quetioned whether things of this sort did a very great amount of good. After all, it was to spade-work they must look for real progress. Eight shows in Montgomeryshire were free from intoxicants. There had been progress in the reduction of licenses, three public houses having been closed, which made for a more temperate county. Here the Secretary had done a good deal of work—it was a big job to work up opposition to a public house license. Mr Jones suggested it would be a very good thing to get statistics of the number (If total abstainers in the county. The Executive Committee should organize a tem- perance society in every Nonconformist chapel, and get as many persons in their Churches to sign the pledge. The secretary in each Church should be a layman—the ministers had too much to do—(laughter and applause),—and, if the thing were left 111 their hands it would not be done at all. At present the Association had no means of comparing how they were progressing— It was merely guesswork. Mr Edward Rees, J.P., having seconded the report's adoption, the Rev Edward Griffiths, Meifod, asked had the temperance manifesto been sent to all the doctors in the county ? He found only ten names from Montgomeryshire. He was glad that three of the Welshpool doctors were included. Welshpool is decidedly getting on (hear, hear, and smiles). The Secretary remarked that the Rev Glynn Davies would deal with that question later. WELSHPCOL MINISTER'S EX- PERIENCES. The Rev Howell Williams, Welshpool, rose to criticise some of Mr Alfred Jones's observations. Regarding Temperance Sun- day he declared that there had been pro- gress made in the Churches. The conscience of the Churches was becoming more sen- sitive on the temperance question. He found it easier to preach upon temperance in his Church now than he used to. When they knew he was going to preach a temperance sermon families did not stay at home now- they were not afraid of it. Their churches in Welshpool were getting healthier and stronger upon the question year after- year. Mr Howell Williams related his experience in a Montgomeryshire church at which he WAS preaching one Sunday. In the evening one of the deacons said to him, "Mr Wil- liams, I know you are very strong on the temperance question. But don't be too hard this evening, because there is one publican a member of the Church (laughter). But, added Mr Williams, he was glad to say that since that time he had had many invitations to preach temperance sermons in that Church (hear ,hear). Regarding temperance hotels and village institutes, Mr Alfred Jones had forgotten the existence of the Llanrhaiadr Temper- ance Hotel (applause). Mr Jones had also referred to the kindness of the Plasdinam family in establishing the various institutes. What had moved the Plasdinam family to do this Was it not the temperance spirit throughout the county ?(hear, hear). And was not that due to the work of the Mont- gomeryshire Temperance Association ? Per- haps they had compelled the Plasdinam family to do this by compelling them to take an interest in temperance work, and the institutes might be the direct fruit of the Association's work in the county. A Voice Question The Rev Elias Jones (in an emphatic stage-whisper): Question Yes, it is a question Quite a mistake Mr Alfred Jones, continued the Rev Howell Williams, referred to the institutes in a Welshpool district as having been founded by the Church party. But the Castle Caer- einion Village Institute was entirely un- denominational (laughter). It was goverened by a committee made up of members of his (Mr Williams') own church, and of the Anglican Church. The Executive Committee's report was then adopted, and the Association passed a vote of sympathy with the family of the late Rev Bulkeley Owen. NOT i-D. FROM EACH MEMBER! Mr David Rees, Llanidloes, presented his treasurer's report, which he requested the press not to publish. The Rev Elias Jones declared that the receipts were quite unworthy of Montgom- eryshire. In such a great county was not temperance worth 4:12 or £ 15 ? Estimating that there were 10,000 or 12,000 church members, the collections were not nearly equal to Jd for each member. But he thought this was due to the lack not of tem- perance zeal, but of placing the case before the people they sympathised and would contribute if they had a fair chance. Mr Elias Jones testified that Montgomeryshire had improved greatly from the temperance point of view since 30 or 35 years ago. Public opinion had changed entirely, and there was nothing like the amount of drinking at fairs and auctions as 30 years ago. Let them not break their hearts. The work was going forward. Their labour was not in vain. The Secretary announced that lie had reason to believe that Mr David Davies would give more this year than his usual subscription of k2 2s (hear, hear). The treasurer's report was adopted, and Mr David Davies was re-elected president. The Association appointed three new vice- presidents-Mr Edward Rees, Caersws, the Rev Samuel Roberts, Llanbrynmair, and Dr R. D. Thomas, Welshpool. The Secretary explained that the vice- presidents need not be already members of the Association, but they must be total ab- stainers. The Rev J. M. Edwards was re-elected secretary and Mr David Rees hon. treasurer. MEDICAL MEN'S MANIFESTO. I The Rev J. Glyn Davies next spoke, and explained that he wished to draw the Mont- gomeryshire Association closer to the work of the North Wales Federation. The Fed- eration scarcely ever had any candidates from Montgomeryshire in their temperance examination. The Federation were doing their best to stir up North Wales generally to forward temperance work, and undoubt- edly there was a considerable awakening— (hear, hear)-with regard to the possibilities of temperance work. Mr Davies said that the fact that 101 medical men in North Wales had deliber- ately signed the temperance manifesto was an immense stride forward. If lie had the liberty to reveal the history of the mani- festo, it would be a revelation—he did not know which was the more wonderful, the men who had refused to sign or the men who had signed. They had made inquiries so far as they could in all the counties of North Wales as to the men most likely to sign, and the result was the manifesto. Its compilation took him 18 months, but he was proud of it. It had two statements -that to a man in good health alcoholic drinks were no good whatever, and that in the case of extremely bad health, alcoholic drinks should be prescribed as any other powerful and dangerous poison. Mr Davies did not know was the Associa- tion in Montgomeryshire moving as fast as they might in connection with the reduction of the licenses. Their proportion was con- siderably below Anglesea and Merioneth. He should like the Association to take this matter up and, if possible, accelerate a little the rate of reduction. As to the children, Mr Davies asked two questions: 1. Has every church in Montgomeryshire a Band of Hope ? 2. Is there in every Band of Hope in Montgomeryshire clear and definite temper- ance teaching ? SHOULD BE UNQUESTIONABLY CLEAN." Dealing with temperance teaching in the day schools, Mr Dayies stated: "I am very firmly of opinion that every school- master in the land ought to be a total ab- stainer (hear, hear). And I think we ought to see that the managers, in the appoint- ment of schoolmasters, should definitely ask this question. The position of the school- master is one of such grave importance, his influence over the boys and girls is so unspeakably great, that on this question of alcoholic drink his hands and his lips should be unquestionably clean (hear, hear). Mr Davies bore testimony to the won- derful readiness" of the Montgomeryshire Education Authority to help the summer temperance school. Rut, he asked, "how many of your day schools in Montgomery- shire have definite temperance teaching, scientific, economic, and moral ? The Rev G. Griffiths ended the morning meeting with prayer, after which the com- pany adjourned for luncheon in the tem- perance house which Plas Dinam gener- osity has provided for Llanidloes. After the repast it was made clear that though the company might agree with the. Rev Glynn Davies as to imposing a total abstinence test. upon schoolmasters, not all of them could have given satisfaction to Mr C. J. Newell, when that well-known county edu- cationist inquired, Do you smoke ? The first words one minister spoke as he left the dining room were, "Which is the way to the smoke-room, please ? And quite a little column of temperance advocates fol- lowed him upstairs.
A ForgiYing Wife. "I WASN'T IN A FIT STATE TO BE KNOCKED ABOUT;" SAD STORY FROM CHURCHSTOKE. A somewhat pale-faced young country woman appeared at the Montgomery Police Court last Thursday, leading by the hand a chubby-faced little boy-child." She filled the pathetic part of a 20th century Griselda. "I wish to withdraw my case," she told the Bench, in the case of Sarah Wilcox v. John Wilcox, painter, Alport, Churchstoke. The Mayor: What was your complaint against your husband ? The wife: For assault and battery. What did lie do ?-He knocked me about. Did he injure you ?—No, sir. Did he use any weapon at all ?—No, sir. He struck me with his hand. Did he hurt you very much ?—Well, sir, I wasn't well at the time, and wasn't in a fit state to be knocked about. That is really why I had to take the case on, be- cause he has done it so many times. You now want to withdraw ?—Yes, please. Mr T. Morgan Owen (another magistrate): What guarantee have you that he won't do it again ?-Well, he has promised he won't do it again. Mr Morgan Owen: You say he has PROMISED NOT TO DO IT AGAIN, does he? The Mayor: You have been here before, haven't you ?—No, sir. My father was here. It was adjourned from the last meet- ing. I was too ill to attend. The Mayor: Of course, you must be pro- tected. He must know that. And if you apply to adjourn the case. the magistrates agree to do so for twelve months. And so, if he docs assault you or misconducts him- self, he will simply be charged here. (To the Churchstoke constable): You had bet- ter see him. P.C. Parry: Alright, your Worship. I'll see him. The Mayor: It is very good, of course, of his wife to withdraw it. He may de- pend upon it, if he is charged again and if he is guilty, that he will be treated very severely. Mr Maurice Owen (another magistrate): You must try to agree. That's. the best thing!
VELINDRE. I ON STTNDAY, October 16th, the Rev E. H Dight, Maesyrhelem, preached afternoon and evening in the Baptist Chapel. On the following Monday the annual public tea was held in the Baptist Schoolroom, the tea tables being presided over by Mrs A, Price, Mrs Aaron Price, Mrs S. P. Meredith, Mrs J. Grinithp, Miss A. E. Griffiths, Mrs J. Beavan, who were assisted by Mrs Bennett, Mrs Evan Price, Mrs T. Powell, Mrs S. Meredith, Mrs Price, Miss Bnfton, Miss J. Lloyd, Miss L. Meredith, Miss E. Edwards, Miss M. Powell, Miss 'R. Wilson, Miss Lily Price, Miss D. Lloyd, Miss A. Humphreys, Miss Edith Jenkins, Miss E. Jones, Miss K. Jones, Miss G. Lloyd, Miss Jessie Lloyd, Miss M. Pugb, and Miss Enid Mansfield. The following also rendered valuable help Mr T. Deakins, Mr Edward Jones, Mr E. Lloyd, and the Pastor. The tea was largely attended. A public service followed in the Baptist Chapel. Mr Edwards (student of Cardiff College) read a portion of Scripture and offered prayer. The Rev E. H. Dight, Maesyrhelem, preached an exclKetnt sermon to a good congregation. The choir was conducted by Mr J. Griffiths, Miss A. E. Griffiths presiding at the organ. At the close the Pastor tendered thanks to all who had helped to make the tea and service such a success.
MONTGOMERY REFUSE-DISPOSAL. Another Letter from Mr. Addie. More Comments by Councillor Maurice Owen. I The Benefit to Lord Powis. Another discussion arose at the Mont- gomery Town Council last Thursday out of the following letter from Mr Forrester Addie referring to the refuse disposal problem— a problem which, by a curious coincidence, occupies the attention not only of the coun- ty town, but of its sister Powysland bor- ough, Welshpool:— Estate Office, Powis Castle, Welshpool. 5th October, 1910. Rubbish Heap. Dear Sir,—In reply to your letter of the 4th inst. The amount of rent named in my letter of the 15th August was a sum to be paid to the present tenant of the field, and no benefit whatever, so far as the rent is concerned, would accrue to Lord Powis. I would like, however, to say that in my view tlieffent is most reasonable, and I think your Council have not yet grasped the fact that the rubbish heap is a great nuisance to the tenant of the field, may cause him con- siderable injury, and the easy terms upon which your Council are being per- mitted at all to deposit the rubbish at this particular spot.—Believe me to be, yours faithfully, W. FORRESTER ADDIE. C. S. Pryce, Esq., Town Clerk, Montgomery. Councillor Henry Jones: What is the ob- jection to the brickyard deposit that he has offered us ? The Mayor (Alderman Fairies-Hum- phreys): Too far away. Councillor Maurice Owen: People will allow their rubbish to PILE UP ANYWHERE AND EVERY- WHERE before they will bear the expense of taking it there. Councillor Jones: But it is not what the people like. Alderman Davies: I would like the rent to be 10s or Councillor Jones: It would be much bet- ter if we removed to the brickyard, which we can have for nothing. We shall be un- der a great deal of expense at this other place, and the drains will cost a good deal. The other deposit is out of the district, and we can go on there for 100 years without any removal. Colonel Cautley: We should have to culvert. < i Councillor Jones: There is not much more to be done down there than at the present place. I think it would be much better to be settled for all time. Colonel Cautley: But do people take their own rubbish down to this heap ? Councillor Owen: There is more taken there from private houses than what the Corporation takes there. We rather put the horse behind the cart in one way. I should begin at the bottom to build up the rubbish, and ultimately, I suppose, it would be planted with Arees-tlie landlord would take it off our hands. Alderman Davies: I certainly am rather against starting at the brickyard. It is too far away, but I little thought the rent of the other place would be raised from 10s to F-2 a year. If I had known that, I should be in favour of the brickyard. I rather support Mr Owen— Councillor Jones. My idea would be a settlement for ever! Councillor Owen: I think it is an im- position myself to raise it 30s a year. We had better adopt the principle of going to the brickyard. We don't have anything to pay there. Every cart-load that we take there will be WORTH ABOUT 3d. TO THE EARL OF POWIS! That's about it! Making them land out of what is no use now! Councillor C. B. Williams: What ex- pense is attached to the present rubbish heap ? Councillor Jones: We have to make the land good. The Mayor: There is the rent and the cost of the drainage. Councillor Williams: I think the brick- yard a very good place. Councillor Owen: I move that we send to the brickyard myself. I never like to be put on myself. That nettles me worse than anything (laughter). Councillor Jones: It is very much better I to accept the brickyard on Lord Powis' terms. You have done with it then. It is a place that will last for many years—be- yond out time. There are clay hollows there that will take 100 years and more to fill. Councillor T. G. Mitchell: That, I un- derstand, will have to be fenced off-it is a good large field—the same as at the other place. Councillor Owen: For why? Councillor Jones- I know Mr Maurice Jones mows most of it. Councillor Owen: If the Earl of Powis gives us leave to cart our stuff there gratis, I think it is the best thing we can do. Councillor Mitchell: He hasn't said that. Councillor Owen: I think he will do it. WHICH IS IT? Alderman Davies: I want to be clear which brickyard is it. Is it the one on the right side as going to Cwmwgl or the one on the left ? Councillor Jones: I think it is on the left. Councillor Owen: There's a lot of water in it. Alderman Davies: I don't think the one on the right of the road to Cwmwgl would require any fencing at a11. The Mayor: If it is the other one, you get a mile and a half away. You are get- ting further away. That's the objection. Councillor Jones: I propose that we com- municate with Mr Addie to know the terms on which we can have it. And then we shall know where we are. Councillor Owen: If the tenant of the present rubbage heap thinks that he is doing us a favour and making something by it, let him make the best of it. Perhaps he can make better use of it (laughter). Alderman Davies: How would it do to offer the present tenant £ 1 a year ? If he will accept f-1, 1 should be inclined to accept. The Town Clerk (Mr C. S. Pryce) then read the following extract from the letter sent by Mr Addie on May 13th last to the Council:- In view of the above facts and the pos- sibility, when the heap is lowered, that the adjoining land will be a good detil filled up, may I suggest the consideration of re- moving the tip altogether to the disused portion of the brickyard at Stalloe, which seems to provide a very suitable place for the new tip." Alderman Davies: The question to me is WHICH IT IS. The Mayor: He says the Stalloe. The Town Clerk: The call it the Stalloe brickyard now— I Councillor Owen: It's the first one we come to, because it is not used. Councillor Mitchell: I don't think it. would be a suitable place at all for a rub- bish heap. The brickyard is very often flooded with water. The Mayor: We can fill it up. Councillor Mitchell: You can't get there in winter time. Colonel Cautley: Now you are talking a practical question. If the place floods, you have to supply drainage. The Mayor: No, it is too flat. Alderman Davies suggested that. the ten- ant of the present reiuse place be asked would he take El. Councillor Jones: Mr Addie's letter has put it definitely. The Mayor: I don't think you can ask the man. Mr Addie has stated distinctly that £ 2 must be paid. He has been written to, and I don't think it will do to go and ask again. Councillor Mitchell: In my opinion I think we had better accept it. The brick- yard is not a fit place-we can't get there for three months. Councillor Owen (emphatically): It is my opinion that this is all arranged before- hand! Councillor Mitchell: There will be as big an expense at the brickyard as thp i.tlipr i place. Councillor Owen Look at THE EXPENSE WE SHALL BE PUT TO —draining and one thing and another. They will want us to do this thing and the other thing. We shall be entirely in the tenant's hands. I don't want the Council ) to have the sword held over Their heads by anyone. A motion by Councillor Jones was then carried to ask Mr Addie on what terms he would allow the Council to tip the town refuse in the Stalloe brickyard. Only Coun- cillor Mitchell voted against this scheme, which had been suggested to the Council on May 13th last by Mr Addie himself.
County Council and the National Memorial. "Thanks to the energy, the initiative, and the princely munificence ot our County Member and of Plas Dinam Family, it is likely to be carried to a successful issue." In these words last Tuesday Mr Hugh Lewis, as chairman of the Montgomery County Council, referred to the Welsh National Memorial for stamping out consumption. The Lord Mayor of Cardiff had written to all the Councils to appoint two representatives on a Joint Committee to carry out a scheme for collecting funds from the county. Mr Richard Jones moved the appointment of Mr Hugh Lewis and Lord Powis. Mr Hugh Lewis," he observed, has shown his interest in the movement by making a liberal subscription towards it, and Lord Powis has also interested himself in a movement of this kind in Shropshire. I think we shall be very well represented in these two gentlemen." Col. Pryce-Jones seconded, and the Council agreed.
Farmers' Carriage Licenses. TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXPRESS & TIMES.' Sir,—In some of the late issues of your paper the question has been raised as to the legal necessity of farmers taking out licenses for their traps, and no doubt the subject is important to many of your readers. Many years ago when I was intimately con- nected with the assessing of taxes I fancy that I understood this liability fairly well. but cannot say that I do now. My impression is, however, that any make of vehicle, providing it was fairly suitable for the purpose, would be exempt, and the name painted on. though desirable, was not absolutely necessary. It can be used free of duty by farmers for taking produce to station or to market, and reasonably for persons to assist in the marketing of produce, and, I think it is correct to state, to take the cvner and his family to public worship on Sunday. Such trap must not be used for taking up other passengers, or for purposes of pleasure and this would be found very inconvenient sometimes. See the enclosed cutting from the Mark Lane Express' of a test case on this subject. Perhaps you may be good enough to print this in full for the benefit of your readers. JOHN SHUKEB. Church stoke. The extract referred to by Mr Shuker is as follows :— The Lord Chief Justice together with Justices Pickford and Coleridge heard in the King's Bench Division on Monday the case of Cook v. Hobbs, which raised an important point in carriage licenses. It was an appeal by Nicholas Cook, farmer and ropemaker, of Haddon Farm, Filleigh, from a conviction by Devonshire County Magis- trates, sitting at South Molton, for using a vehicle which was unlicensed for the conveyance of passengers, the passengers being the appellant's wife and son. The ground of appeal was that, as VIIR wife and son had been driven to Barnstaple market, where the appellant had two stalls, for the purpose of assisting in the sale of ropes and farm produce, they were burden" within the meaning of the Act, and therefore a license was not required for the vehicle, which had been con- structed purposely for the conveyance of burden in the course of his trade and business. There was a long argument, in the course of which Mr Justice Pickfcrd remarked that he did not know what "burden" meant if it did not mean any person or thing necessary to the carry- ing on of business. The Lord Chief Justice, in giving judgment, said the case was a peculiar one, inasmuch as the bena-fides of the appellant were not questioned. As far as user was concerned, the magistrates had found that the cart was used for carrying ropes and farm produce, and the wife and son for the purpose of selling the farm produce at two stalls in the market. A man can drive nis own cart, and when he is in it, it would not be unfair to say that he was burden within the meaning of the Act. It was not an unreasonable thing to say that taking the people who were to dispose of the goods were burden" also. He thought the appeal should be allowed. Mr Justice Pickford concurred. Mr Justice Coleridge pointed cut that any cart was capable of being used for purposes other than its intended use. The carrying- to market of the man's wife and son solely for the purpose of trade did not necessitate a licensed vehicle. The appeal was therefore allowed with costs.
HAVE YOU A BAD LEG with wounds that discharge or otherwise, perhaps so surrounded with inflammation, and swollen that when you press your finger on the inflamed part it leaves the impres- sion ? If so, under the skin you have poison that if not extracted you can never recover, but go on suffering till death releases you. Perhaps your knees are swollen, the joints being ulcerated the same with the ankles, round which the skin may be discoloured, or there may be wounds. The disease, if allowed to continue, will deprive you of the power to walk. You may have attended varions hos- pitals and had medical advice and advised to submit to amputation but do not, for I can cure you. I don't say perhaps, but I will. Because others have failed is no reason I should. Send at once a P.O. or stamps for 2s 6d to ALBERT, 73, FARRINGDON STREET, LONDON, and you will receive a box of GRASSHOPPER OINTMENT and Pills, which is a sure remedy for the cure of Bad Legs, Housemaid's Knee, Ulcer- ated Joints, Carbuncles, Poisoned Hands, Tumours, Abscesses, Sore Throat, Bronchitis Bunions, and Ringworm. (Copyright.
PUNCTUAL CAMBRIAN TRAIN Delayed Four Minutes by a Passenger. Magisterial Justice at Montgomery. The Montgomery County Bench adopted an unusual way of administering justice in one case at last Thursday's Sessions. They fined a man 5s and costs without hearing the case for the defence. The Cambrian Railways ConipaDy-througly Inspector Thomas Pugh, Xewtuwn-charged John Disley, a threshing-machine driver, of Sarn, for that he did wilfully pull a com- munication cord of a certain carriage then and there travelling on the Cambrian Rail- ways without reasonable and sufficient cause contrary to the form of stutute in such case made and prwided." The Court waited a few minutes for the appearance of Mr Kenrick Minshall, Oswes- try, the prosecuting solicitor, who then ex- plained that the train was a little late." The Mayor (Alderman Fairies-Humph- reys) who presided: Sometimes they are (laughter). Mr Minshall said that the charge was made under the Regulation of Railways Act, 1868, which provided for a penally not ex- ceeding £5. Juhn Henry Lewis, a Cambrian railway- man, said he was the guard on the 7-5 p.m. train from Welshpool on October 20th. Mr Minshall When the train was between Forden and Montgomery did anything hap- pen ?—Yes, sir. THE TRAIN STOPPED, What did you d<> ?—I got out the van. ran down the train to see the cause of the stoppage, and i^und the communication chain had been pulled in a third ci&es com- partment. What was the effect of pulling the com- munication cord ?—It releases the vacuum brake—puts the vacuum brake and stops the train. Who was in this third class carriage?— A man. John Disley, Sarn, the name and address he gave me. Was anyone else there ?—No, sir. I asked him why he pulled the chain. He said he didn't do so. Of course, there was no one else in the compartment to do S". Was he drunk or sober r—I don't think he was sober. How long was the train delayed?—Four minutes. Defendant had come to Court without an advocate, but Mr Woosnam, solicitor, New- town, took up his case out of kindness on the spur of the moment, and cross-examined witness You don't complain on the ground of punctuality, do you r—No, sir ..laughter). Were you punctual on that day ?—We were punctual until we were stopped. "On the 7-5 train? Are you sure?—Yes, certain The old chap doesn't look like man who knows anything about communication cords? (laughter). When you saw him did you think lie really knew anything about the cord or chain 'I couldn't say. I DON'T THINK HE DID IT INTEN- TIONALLY. Mr Woosnam That's exactly what I think v Thomas Fryer, stationmaster, Montgomery, said that, when the 7-5 train from Welsh- pool stopped at the station the defendant gave his name and address willingly. Mr Minshall Did you ask him any ques- tion ?—Yes. I asked him why he stopped the train. He said he didn't know what he had done. But he admitted doing it. What state was he in ?—Oh, he was in drink. Mr Woosnam You think the old el-iali was really of an inquisitive turn of mind, and might have gone around the compart- ment, and wondered What's this sort of thing for ? (laughter). Witness I didn't form any '.pinion. You know that. the man can scarcely read? He couldn't read the notice put, up ?—I've never seen him before. But do you think from the man's general appearance, and the way he presented him- self, that lie had wilfully done this thing ? —No, I don't think he did it intentionally. It was more of an accident than anything- done wilfully ?—Yes, possibly it might have been an accident. Mr Minshall announced that this was the case for the prosecution, but before Mr- W oosnam could start the defence THE MAYOR SAID I don't think it is a reason for a man to pull the communication chain intentionally—it* might lead to an accident or to something very wrong—but it seems in this case the. man was evidently market fresh." He did it, I don't say intentionally, jut I think simply to show that it is considered a serious offence, and to caution others, he will be fined 5s and costs. The other magistrates on the Bench were Dr T. D. Kirk, Messrs Timothy Morgan Owen. A. G. Montford, and Maurice Owen. Mr Maurice Owen repeated after the Chair- man It may be a caution to other people. Mr Woosnam I was going to address you. But the thing is done. The Clerk announced that, the costs amounted to 6s 6d. Mr Woosnam Would you mind giving- the old chap time to pay. J ,;u afraid his exchequer is depleted. P.C. David Davies (Monigon:ery) He has: paid alright (laughter). Defendant I was innocent as-that. floor 9
Crippen's Mistress. Miss Ethel Le Neve appeared at the Old Bailey to take her trial on the charge of being accessory atter the fact in the murder of Mrs Crippen, and the day's hearing ended in her acquittal. In his opening apeech for the pro- secution Mr Muir laid stress on the statements made by the prisoner's landlady, Mrs Jackson, to the effect that, at a time contemporaneous or nearly contemporaneous with the murder, Miss Ethel Le Neve came home with the appearance of one who had suffered a great shock, a condition which changed a little later to a state cf cheerfulness. Several witnesses were examined, including Mrs Jackson, who admitted in cross-examination that Miss Le Neve had appeared worried during nearly the whole of January, when, as a fact, Mrs Crippen was alive arid well. No witnesses were called for the defence, and Mr Muir's second speech having lasted only a few minutes. Mr F. E. Smith, K.C., addressed the jury on behalf of the prisoner. Contemplating the position in which the case for the Crown had been left, he declared him- self shocked that a charge of such a character should have been brought forward and per- sisted in. In a clear summing-up the Lord Chief Justice warned the jury against convicting on suspicion, and asked why Crippen should tell Le Neve a story different from that which he told to others. The jury took little time in arriving at their verdict of not guilty," and the prisoner was at once discharged.
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. MR. DAVID DAVIES' FOX HOUNDS WILL MEET ON Monday, October 31 Anchor, 10 a.m. Wednesday, November 2 Llanbrynmair, 7-30 a.m. Saturday, November 5 (open meet) Kennels, 10.3.1 MR. DAVID DAVIES' BEAGLES WILL MEET ON Tuesday, November 1 (open meet) Kennels, 10-30 Friday, November 4, Nags Head, G-arthmyl 11 a.m. WHILST YOU WAIT!—If you require PRINTING in a hurry—hurry to the Express' Office.
CHURCHSTOKE. ,Cwx.- Successful anniversary services were held in connection with the Baptist church at Cwm on Sunday, October 23rd. The preacher at the afternoon and evening services was the pastor (Rev. W. Jenkins, Sarn). A new American organ (supplied by Messrs Phillips & Son, Music Salon, Newtown) was opened on Sunday, the organists being Miss Jones, Plasmadoc, Miss Lily Morris, and Miss A. Bevan. Suitable solos were well rendered by Mrs Morgan (Tamernellin), Miss Bevan, Miss Morris, and Miss Morris (Cefngwyn). The weather being fine, large numbers journeyed in traps and on bicycles, and the chapel was well filled at both services.