Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

6 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



sa.. IMPERIAL, PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS, Tuesday, JULY 22. This being the last day of the Session, soon after two o'clock the Prince Regent came in state to (he House, for the purpose of proroguing the Parliament with a Speech from the Throne. The arrival of the Prince in the Royal Chamber, adjoining1 Hie House of Lords, was announced by a salute of 21 guns from the river. The side benches of the House were previously occupied by a large assemblage of Ladies of the first distinction. The Russian Spanish and Por- tuguese Ambassadors, were upon a bench on the right of the Throne and a considerable number of Peers and Judges were also assembled in their robes. The Prince Regent then entered, and-took hte seat entlie throne, having the Great -Ministers of State on each side of him, with their different -emblems of office. The Earl of Liverpool, as ."i-iiiie Minister, bore the Sword of State. The l'rinc: Regent himself uas in military uniform. The Usher of the Black Rcrd then proceeded to summon the attendance of the House of Com- mons. the Members of whir-h-, with the Speaker -it their head, soon after appeared at the Bar, when the Speaker addressed the Prince Regent as foile ws :— May it please your Royal- B We, his Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Commons of Great Britain and tre- land, in Parliament assembled, have closed the supplies fo the present year; and, reflecting upon the various transactions which have come before us, we }I)<\k hack with satisfaction upon those which concern our domestic policy enter- taining also a couddent hope in the prosperous issue of those great events which must regulate the settlement ot our foreign relations. Under the pressure of great burdens at home, and the still continuing necessity for great exer- tions, a plan has been devised and executed, which by a judicious and skilful arrangement of our finances, will, for a considerable period postpone or greatly mitigate the demands for new taxation, and at the same time materially accelerate the final extinction of the National Debt. Our reviving commerce also looks forward to those new fields of enterprise which are open- ing in the East and after long and laborious «iscu?sions, we presume to hope, that (in con- fonnify with the injunctions delivered to us by yourRoyal Highness at the commencement of the present Session) such prudent and adequate ar- rangements have been made for the future Go- vernment of the British possessions in India, as will combine the greatest advantages of com- merce and revenue, and provide also for the last- ing prosperity and happiness of that vast and po- pulous portion of the British Empire. But, Sir, these are not the only.subjects to which our attention has been called other mo- mentous changes have been proposed for our con- sideration. Adhering, however, to those laws by which the Throne, the Parliament, and the Government of this country, are made funda- mentally Protestant, we have not consented to allow, that those who acknowledge a foreign ju- risdiction, should be authorised to administer ihe powers and jurisdictions of this realm billing as we are, nevertheless, and wiUing as, I trust, we ever shall be, to allow the largest scope to religions toleration. With respect to the Established Church, following the munificent example of the last Parliament, we have conti- nued the same aunllalgrant for improving the value of smaller benefices and we have at the same time endeavoured to provide more effectu- ally for. the general discharge of those sacred du- ties of a jChurch Establishment, which by form- ing the moral and religious character of a brave and intelligent people, have, under the blessing of (Tad, laid the deep foundation of British greatness. Sil,-by your Royal Highness's commands, we have alio turned our views to the state of our Foreign Relations In the North, we rejoice to see by the Treaties laid before us, (hat a strong barrier is erected against the inordinate ambi- tion of France; and we presume to hope, that the time may now be arriving which shall set bounds to her remorseless spirit of conquest. fn our contest with America, it must always be remembered, that we have not been the ag- gressors. Slow to take up arms against those who should have been naturally our friends by the original ties of kindred, a common language, and (as might have been hoped) by a joint zeal in the cause of national liberty, we must, never- theless, put forth our vliole strength, and main- tain with our ancient superiority upon the ocean, those maritime rights which we have resolved never to surrender. But, Sir, whatever doubts may cloud the rest of our views aud hopes,it is to the Peninsula that we look with sentiments of unquestionable delight and triumph there the world has seen two gallant and independent nations rescued from the mortal grasp of fraud and tyranny by British Councils and British valour; and within the space of five short ye-trs from the dawn of our successes at Roleia and Virniera, the same illustrious Com- mander has received the tribute of our admira- tion and gratitude for the brilliant passage of th Douro, the hard-fought battle of Talavara, the day of'Busaco, the deliverance of Portugal, the Mural "Crowns won at Ciudad Rodrigo and Bada- joz, the splendid victory of Salamanca, and the decisive overthrow of the Armies of France in their total rout at Vittoria; deeds which have made all Europe ring with his renown, and have covered the British name with a blaze of unri- valle(I glory. Sir,'—That the cause of this country, and of the may not, at such a crisis, suffer from any want of zeal on our part to strengthen the hands of his Majesty's Government, we have j furnished our supplies with a large and libera.) aid, to-enable your Royal Highnes to take all such measures as the-emergencies of public affairs may require, for disappointing or defeating the enterprises and designs of the enemy. b The Bill 1 have to present to your Royal Highness for this purpose, is'intitllletl' An Act for enabling his Majesty to raise the sum of five millions for the service of Great Britain, and for applyifiifcrhe sum of 200,0001. for the service of Ireland :'— Tg, which Bill his Majesty's" faithful Com mons, with all humility, iutreat his Majesty's. Royal Assent." The Royal Assent was given in the uSllal form to this Bill, and also to another, for the Regu- lation of Penitentiary flotiseg. The Prince Regent then delivered the follow- ing Speech from the Throne :— ZJIy Lords and Gentlemen, j I cannot release you from your attendance in Parliament, withtfut repeating the expression of my deep regret at the continuance of his Ma- jesty's lamented indisposition. The attention which you have paid to the public interests in the course of the Session, de- mands my warmest acknowledgments. The splendid and signal success which has attended the commencement of the campaign in the Peninsula—the consummate skill and ability displayed by Field Marshal the Marquis of Wel- lington, iu the progress of those opeiatiotis which have led to the great and decisive victory obtain- ed near Vittoria and the valour and intrepidity by which his Majesty's forces, and those of his Allies, have been distinguished, are as highly gratifying to my feeling-s as they have been to those of-the who!e nation. Whilst these opera- tions have added new lustre to the British arms, they afford the hest prospect of the deliverance of the Peninsula from the tyranny and oppres- sion of France, and they furnish the most deci- sive proof of the wisdom of that policy which has induced you, under every vicissitude of for- tune, to persevere in the support of this glorious contest. The entire failure, of the French Ruler in his designs against the Russian Empire, and the de- struction of the French Army employed on that service, were followed by the advance of the Russian forces, since joined by those of Prussia, to the banks of the Elbe. And though upon the renewal of the contest the Allied Armies have found themselves obliged to retreat before the superior numbers collected by the enemy, their conduct during a series of severe and sanguinary conflicts, has nobly upheld their military charac- ter, and commanded the admiration of Europe. I have great satisfaction in acquainting you, that there exists between me and the Courts of St. Petersburgh,BerJin, and Stockholm, the most cordial union and concertvand I-trust I. shall be enabled, by the fiids which you have so liberally afforded, to render this"uliioilcffeetua1 for the accomplishment6? the great purpose for which it has,been established- "I regret the continuance o.f the war with the United States of America.. "My desire to re-establish between the two countries those friendfy relations, so important to their mutual interests, continues unabated but I cannot consent to purchase the restoration of peace bv any sici-ifice of tlid maritime rights of the British Empire," Genllemeu of the House of Commons, I thank you for the liberal provision you have made for the service of the present year.— It is a great satisfaction to me to reflect, that by the regulations you have adopted for the redemp- tion of the National Debt, you have established a system which will not retard its ultimate liqui- dation whilst at the same time it provides for the vigorous prosecution of the war, with the least practicable addition to the public burthens." My Lords and Gentlemen, I entirely approve of the arrangements which you have made for the Government of the British territories in India, and for the regulation of the British commerce in that part of the worlci.- They appear to have been wisely framed with a view to the'circumstances which have occurred since this subject was last under the considera- tion of Parliament. By these arrangements you have preserved in its essential parts that system of Government which experience has proved to be not less calculated to provide for the happi- ness of the inhabitants of India, than to promote the interests of Great Britain and you have ju- diciously extended io the subjects of the United Kingdom in general, a participation in the com- merce of countries within the limits of the East Indiaéoópauj's Charter, which will, I doubt not, have the effect of* the resources of India, and of increasing and improving the trade and navigation of his Majesty's dominions. The tried and affectronate loyalty of his Ma- jesty's People, the constancy which they have (lirsplaye(it this long and arduous War, and the patience with which they have sustained the Burdens necessarily imposed upon fliem, have made an indelible impression on my mind. Such continued and persevering exertions under so (Severe a. pressure, afford the strongest proof of their attachment to that Constitution, which it is the first object of my life fo maintain. In the suecess which has recently attended his Majesty's arms, I acknowledge with devout gratitude the hand of Divine Providence; Ihenso I desire !o make ol these and of all other advan- fs to p tages, is to promote and secure the welfare of his Majesty's people, and I cannot more decid- edly evince this disposition than by employing the powerful means you have placed in my hands, in such a manner as may be best calculated to reduce the extravagant pretensions ofthe enemy, and thereby to facilitate the attainment, in con- junction with' my Allies, of a. secure and honour- able Peace." Then the Lord Chancellor, by the Prince Re- gent's command, said- My Lords and Gentlemen, It is the command of his Royal Hignness the Prince Regent', acting in the name and on behalf of his Majesty, that this Parliament be pro- rogued to Monday the 23d day of August next, to be then here holden and this Parliament is accordingly prorogued to Monday (he 23d day of August next.

Defeat of the Americans.

ILondon Gazette Extraordinary.