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Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

14 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

The Week at Home and Abroad




CANADIAN NEWS ITEMS I CANADIAN ASBESTOS. The export of asbestos from Canada- to Great Britain, which for some time has been at a standstill, owing to an increase in the import of that commodity from Russia, has received a considerable im- petus and is growing again. Sentimer-L grows strongly in Great Britain in fav- our of the inter-empire products. DEVELOPING THE FARMER I In a crop competition recently organ- isedi by the Ontario Department of Agri- culture, 26 young tillers of the soil won free courses in seed and stock judging at the provincial agricultural college. The contest consisted of obtaining the highest net profit out of an acre of ground from any crop selected by the competitor. By such means as this do the Dominion and Provircial Government of Canada e-D courage the settled to become an expert and proficient farmer. CANADIAN ARCHIVES By a series of manuscripts, maps and various documents which have acquired by the Canadian Dominion Archives De- partment owing largely to the researches mad o by Dr. A. G. Doughty, Deputy Minister and Dominion Archivist, new light has been thrown on the early times of Canada. A complete set of journals cf the Nova Scotia Assembly from 1794. the date of English occupation, until 1800 are among the number. They constitute the first records of the Government in Canada under the British regime and, are considered to be the most important documents in the archivist's possession. Written in a neat, clerical hand on faded vellum, they contain all the acts and ordinances passed by early legislators, and illustrate the foundation of the Canadian j Judicial System. Another collection con- tains the journals of the House of As- sembly of Lower Canada in 70 volumes, dating back to the year 1636. One of them, the work of Hexham, Royal Geo- grapher, shows the North American con- tinent as known at that time fairly ac- curately defined as regards its eastern and southern coasts, but very uncertain otherwise. The "Great West" is not shown at all because no one dreamed of its existence in those days. Although wanting in accuracy in a few respects, however, the atlases are, beautiful ex- amples of Work which was regarded at that period rather as an art than a science. OPENING UP THE LAND I 1-tailway construction in Canada for 1913 far exceeded anything in the past his- tory of the country. The three trans- continental railways have been making stupdenous efforts for the extension of their systems, and the result has been a big stop in the development of trans- portation facilities cf East4 and West. During the year, at least 2,250 miles of new roads were approved by the Railway Board, and came into regular operation. In addition construction work was car- ried out on several thousand more miles. The Canadian Pacific Railway alone had work progressing on 2,472 miles of new track-ige west of Fort William (Ontario). The rails have all been laid on the National Trams-continental between Winnipeg and Moncton (New Brunswick) and the Grand Trunk Pacific promises to drive tha last spike of the British Colum- bia Section, of the Main line next suni- mer. The Canadian Northern Railway has recently laid the last steel for the connection of Toronto and Winnipeg, and is working on the Mountain Section. At least tweinty millions sterling were ex- pended on capital account by Canadian railways last year. PROTECTING THE POTATO I The Hon. E. E. Martin Burrel I, Canadian Minister of Agriculture, has appointed Professor John Adams, of the Royal College of Science, Dublin, to take over the investigations in connection with the outbreak of potato disease in the Maritime Provinces. The professor will also be in charge of the experimental and laboratory work that is to be carried on. He is a Cambridge graduate, and has had a wide experience in potato cultivation. The Maritime Provinces have been attracting ma,ny settlers from the Old Country, and this action by the Do- minion Minister of Agriculture for the protection of the potato crop will be ap- preciated and doubtless beneficial. FROM FARM TO TABLE I Judging from the preparations which are being made by the Post Office De- partment at Ottawa, the Canadian par- cel post system will play an important part in reducing the cost of living in the Dominion. The possibilities of the parcel post as a means of inexpensive aiid-speedy transportation of certain food commodities have been long foreseen. The Canadian Post Office Department has procured various sample cases for the carriage of eggs through the post, and is investigating their respective merits. The transportation of butter through the post will be, in winter at least, not a difficult problem,, when the despatch with which the department expects to be able to handle the parcels is taken into consideration, but in summer there will be difficulties. In the United States enterprising farmers have secured the ad- dressee of people living in the cities, and have made arrangements, by the simple method of sending circulars, for the dis- posal of their eggs and butter direct.




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