TOO MANY DEATHS IN MINES. Need of Examiners Named by Workmen. Mr James Winstone, vice-president of the South Wales Miners' Federation, ad- dressing a meeting of miners at Ponty- pool, on Monday, took occasion to draw some morals from the terrible Senghenydd explosion and from the recently-concluded inquiry into the disaster. He said he veritably believed that an unnecessary slaughter of miners took place day by day. Although they were faced last year by the heartrending dis- aster at Senghenydd, the mining industry would be a comparatively safe one if deaths by explosion were the only ones that occurred. These deaths, as a matter of fact, were only in the proportion of one to five. It was really remarkable that a large number of deaths took place in places which were considered abso- lutely safe. He urged the need for the appointment of more "fully trained, practical, ex- perienced, properly educated" colliery examiners. He believed the men should appoint the examiners. I LOOKING AFTER MEN'S LIVES If it was necessary for them to appoint checkweighers, and they all realised it was, then it was necessary that they should be given the right to appoint the men to look after the safety of their lives. The examiners should be paid by a tax on mining royalties or by the mining industry. Dealing with the owners' contention as to the cause of the Senghenydd disaster, Mr Winstone said he would never believe that the explosion started at the "locking hole." He thought it a scandalous shame that workmen should be able to say that they had been in a coilierv for 11 years and had never seen an inspector in their working place. (Hear, hear). He was amazed at the statement of Mr Dd. Hannah that "if a fireman found a 'cap' of 2 per cent. of gas the place would be perfectly safe. "Two per cent. perfectly safe! ex- claimed Mr Winstone, "and yet with 6 per cent. you have an explosive mixture. It is simply playing with ifre, and we have to pay too dearly for our folly. I believe the workers have the power to work out their own salvation."
BEDWAS PITS ID'LE. I BEDWAS PITS IDXE. MEN'S GRIEVANCE WITH THE MANAGEMENT Owing to a dispute arising out of the Minimum Wage Act 2,000 colliers have stopped work at the Bedwas Navigation Pits. The men held a. meeting on Saturday to consider the situation, and in an official report it was alleged that the management ha.d been dealing unfairly with WTilliam Hudd, one of the workmen. It tran.ipired that this man had claimed under the Minimum Wage Act. and in consequence, it was alleged, had. been given fourteen days notice. The work- men, according to the report, fearing that this was a movement on the part of the management tor meke the Minimum Wage Act obsolete, decided at any cost to re- sist it. Mr David Richards, checkweighcr, ex- plained the position, and suggested that the men should ask that two of their number be allowed to visit the disputed places in the pit. Messrs. Henry Harris, John Willis, and W. J. Milsom, checkweighers, supported Mr Richardis. «-nd the meeting unani- mously agreed that a deputation should wait upon the nianagenimt with a view to securing the withdrawal of the notice given to Hudd, and, failing to achieve that object, it was resolved to give four- teen days' notice on Wednesday next.
WESTERN MINERS' AFFAIRS. The monthly meting of the. Western Miner.* was held at Siddall Buildings, Swansea, on Saturday, February 14, Mr Caradog Jones, Pontardulais, presiding over 24 delegates representing a bout 5,000 members. There were also present Messrs. W. E. Morgan (agent), and D. J. Williams (treasurer). Mr John Mcrrjs, No. 15, was doorkeeper, and the tellers were Messrs. Wm. Humphries and Fred Cash. The Chairman said it was a matter for regret that the meetings were not com- menced more punctually, but the same spirit which characterised their meetings vas also shown in other directions. It was absolutely necessary if Trade Union organizations were to accomplish good work that the members should be more ali ve than they had been in the past. Owners were becoming less in number, and undertakings were becoming under the guidance of a few with the result that having laid down a policy they carried it through. He believed that workers were w orse off now than they had been because they were more harassed by officials, and there were so many more laws and regulations which had to be ob- served. Dealing with the resolution passed by the recent special conference held at Cardiff, he said it was necessary that the members of the Federation should increase their contributions from Is. to ls.6d. per month. The question they had to ask themselves was, were the men prepared to sacrifice another lid. per week towards building up an organisa- tion which would be a pillar of strength in fightiyg for their just demands? He was convinced that if the men knew the f)Osition, they would heartily vote in favour of the reform. The increase wcujd prove to be an excellent investment, and he hoped that at the respective collieries something would be done to explain the situation before the ballot was taken. There were weaknesses in their district. The West-ern District was not what it should be and, to a great extent, the nature of the district was responsible for those weaknesses. It was so scattered, but despite that there was a possibility of making it a greater force if the mem- bers were more enthusiastic than they were at present. LABOUR REPRESENTATION Mr Morgan stated that the comiyiittee had spent a great deal of time in discuss- ing the claim sent in by Mr David Davies, of Killan Colliery. It was ex- plained that Mr Davies had not been brought out under Labour auspices, but after a full discussion it was decided to pay the claim in the same way as they paid other representatives. Mr David Davies moved the adoption of the report. The workmen at Killan were quite pre s a-red to pay the levy, as they could find nothing wrong with the candidature. The Chairman said there was every reason why Labour Party candidates should remain apart entirely from the other two parties. That had been proved by the manner in which the Liberals and Tories had gone into the same lobby against the amendment to the Address moved by Mr Ramsay Macdonald. By 11 votes to 7 the recommendation of the Executive was adopted, also that a letter should be sent to the Lodge Secre- tary informing him that at all future elec- tions he should be run in accordance with custom. Mr W. H. Davies said that in future all candidates would be .governed by the rules laid down by the scheme adopted by the M.F.G.B. CAEDUKE COLLIERY A deputation from Caeduke Colliery waited upon the Executive, and after ex- plaining their case the committee de- cided to recommefnd thatf the men should receive six days' strike pay. Tho Chairman said they had satisfied the deputation. Recommendation agreed to. YNISARWED COLLIERY After discuss-iom, and on, the rcoornmc-n- dation of the Committee it was resolved that the books of the Lower Ynisarwed Colliery Lodge should give transfers to the men at the Lower Ynisarwed Colliery to enable them to rejoin the original lodge known as Craignedd. I BRYNLLIW FIVE FEET SEAM. Mr P. D. Rees gave a long report on the situation at the Brynlliw Colliery. THE FORTHCOMING BALLOT. I The Chairman stated that the Central Executive were making arrangements to [ deal with the forthcoming ballot re the in- creasing of contributions. The question had been dealt with at the special con- ference held a fortnight ago. He did not believe that they could get a fighting or- ganization for Is. per month. He be- lieved that the worker, generally speak- ing, waG a poor speculator. When they realized that for Is. per month, they had I- t i ?rit organisat i <)n, to been able, through their organisation, to obtain 60 per cent, on the standard prices, were they not satisfied that this was an excellent investment ? He believed that if the true position was placed before their members ,that they would un- hesitatingly agree to raise their contribu- tions from la. to ls.6d. per month. Mr W. E. Morgan said the ballot would take place before the annual conference which would, be held next month. The feeling at Cardiff was that the Fc-dera- tion could not poesibly be the fighting force it ought to be when they were handi- capped for want of funds. The expenses of the organisation had increased, and it was essential that the Federation should be a force on the sidie of the workers. The question of safety in mines was one which they should fight for as safety ought to be in the forefront of wages. If the Federation was going to fight for this question of safety they would require money to support those who were affected by dangerous conditions. The. Minimum Wage Act and the Compensation Act had increased their expenditure, and if these | Acta were to be administered to the best advantage of the men, there must be more money coming into the Federation. Mr Elias Davies said there was one phase of the question the members of the Western District should appreciate. During the lifetiine of the Federation, he believed the Western District had paid four times the amount of levies any other District had paid. He failed to see what the District was going to lose by increee- ing their contributions, because they would not be paying more than they had been doing in the past, whilst other Dis- tricts would be compelled to pay as much as they were paying. He believed that each member of an organisation should obtain the same benefits as other members for the same contributions. In the Rhondda District he did not suppose they ever paid a district levy because they always had ample funds at their disposal to do anything they felt disposed to do. Mr W. H. Davies said there was not a District in the M.F.G.B. which paid j Is. per month. Most of them paid Is. a I or Is. per fortnight, He did not believe in burdening the Federation with huge funds, because in that case they wouiu probably want- to protect their funds and not the wages. The new schedule-the Magna Charta-of the South Wales Coalfie!d would have to be dropped, unless they had funds to put up a fight against the coalowners. He sug- gested that every delegate should go back to his committee, and then ask that a meeting of the men should be called at which the position could be explained. He believed if the committee could be won over, the rank and file would follow. He hoped that their District would be strongly in favour of the increase because it would be to their disadvantage if it! went against the proposal. They had clamoured so much for the abolition of the 5 per cent. Rule that they ought to be strongly in favour. The 6d. increase was wanted, not for hoarding purposes, but for fighting purposes. (Applause). Mr P. D. Rees said if men who backed horses received back 10 per cent, of what I they speculated, they were usually satis- fied—(laughter)—but their organisation had succeeded in getting them 60 per cent. If the workers put their money into their organisations they would be far better off than in backing horses or com- peting in "Bullets" competitions—(re- newed laughter). It was their duty as delegates to emphasise to t-he workmen the necessity of increasing their contri- butions. It was all very well for their leaders to lay down new schedules of prices, but employers laughed at them, and Afrould continue to laugh until the workers were prepared to put a fundi in existence, which would enable them to fight—(applause). Mr E. Davies suggested that if lodges desired to hold public meetings the Dis- trict should supply the speakers. The Copper Pit delegate moved "That the District meeting was of the opinion that an increase in contributions was ab- solutely necessary." This was unani- mously agreed to. I SAFETY IN MINES. I It was agreed that the question of the proper examination and inspection of mines should be placed upon the agenda for the next meeting when it could be thoroughly discussed. Mr John Williams, M.P., said it was full time the question of inspection was raised. He had spoken for half an hour on the floor of the House of Commons the previous night, and he intended to place a copy of the speech in the hands of every delegate at the next District Meeting. He had arranged that "Llais Llafur" should publish the full report of Mr Brace's and his speech. Without egotism he believed he could say that he had been highly complimented for the speech by the leaders of the Labour Party. THE POSITION OF THE DISTRICT. I Mr John Williams, M.P., reported that since the last meeting a cheque had been sent by someone representing the newly formed Neath District—the proposed new District—to Cardiff. The cheque repre- sented payment for 2,146 members at 6d. per head. They had stated in their letter that the total membership they ex- pected in the new district was something over 4,000 members, in the aggregate. The opinion was expressed at the Central Committee meeting that day that the Executive should assert their power and insist upon their recommendation being I carried out. That course had oeen advo- cated by several who stated that that was the only dignified course that couiri be adopted under the circumstances. They suggested that the cheque should be sent on to the Western District with the instruction to the secretary to send letter to the person who sent the cheque on to ask him to send the 4d. due on each member to the Western Dis- trict. Another opinion, had been ex- pressed to the effect that as these men had shown their determination to form a new district they should be allowed to do so. He (Mr Williams) had been asked to express his opinion, but had stated that he could not do so until he had explained the matter to the committee of his District and having an opportunity of placing the whole of the facts before his Committee. The result was that the Com- mittee unanimously adopted the sugges- tion thrown out by the Chairman that Mr Tom Smith, Mr Wm. Vyce and Mr T. Richards should be asked to meet the parties concerned. } Mr W. H. Davies What do they mean by the parties concerned? Mr Williams Those representing the Anthracite, Western and Aberdare Dis- tricts. and also those representing the new District. SATURDAY WORK. The Copper Pit delegate asked that f the question of finishing earlier on Satur- days should be placed on the Agenda for the next meeting. Io o-
ROMANTIC ASSERTION ABOUT TRE- DEGAR ESTATE. The Parliamentary committee of the Newport Corporation again considered on Tuesday the question ..of the ownership of the King's Hill land at Newport— as to whether it belongs to the town or is part of the Tredegar estate. But a new turn was given to the affair by reason of a statement being made that a lady residing at Cwmbran claimed to be entitled to the Tredegax estate, on the ground that she was the rightful heirees,- inamnuch as she is the only sur- viving representative of Sir Charles Nicholson, to whom, so it was alleged, a grant of the property was made some centuries ago, which property includes the present Tredegar House and lands sur- rounding it. The members of the committee smiled considerably at the narration of such a. re- markable romance. The claimant is Mrs. A. Burgham, who resides in a small cottage at Cwmbran. She apparently believes in the bona-fidee of her claim, but in Monmouthshire it is not recognised that the claim can be sub- stantiated. »»♦«♦
THE FIRM OF MACK'S SWANSEA. Mack's (Swansea), Limited, has just been registered, with a. capital of £1,000 in JB1 shares, to carry on the business of wholesale or retail friut or vegetable mer- chants and growers, market gardeners, nurserymen, etc. The subscribers are W. A. Southan, 42 Fleet-street, Swansea, fruit salesman, and Mrs. R. Macpherson, 35, Park-street, Swansea. Private com- pany. The number of directors is not to be less than two noT more than five; the first are W. A. Southan and Mrs. R. Macpherson. Qualification E50. Regis- tered office, 20, Waterloo-street, Swan- sea.
A performance of the Rev. J. Tywi Jones' Welsh drama, entitled "Jac Martin," was given by the Glais Bryth- oniaid Company at Clydach on Thure- day.
¡ ￼ ￼ ￼ —-f ￼ S h?pp€. ￼ <* ￼ ? <?Y ?/?' 1 11 000b IJiDine wafict-0 Ocab ff^e £ &eavt of SB an." ISuf pou must catf at e ine §§oppe gJtO. 10 roansea Wo proioe it I THE OLD WIVESAT TEA M rs. JONES IDdeed you must excuse me for being so long with the tea. The fire had gone low, you see, and I couldn't get the kettle to boil. Mrs. EVANS Why don't you get the gas in, Mrs. Jones; it would save you heaps of work, and be a big comfort too, with your weak eyes. Mrs. JONES: Merch fach i, I have lived to go without it, and bring up a family of tea, and I am too old now to bother about things like that. Mrs. EVANS: Yes, my dear, but you don't know how much easier it is to do your cooking, without making a mess of the fireplace. Mrs. THOMAS And so clean it is. Before the Tawe Gas Co. put in a stove for us, I had to clean my fire irons and fende: every day, and blacklead the fireplace twice a week. Now I have only to wipe them over. It is so much nicer. Mrs. EVANS And it is so cheap. We can cook a dinner for seven, and it only costs a penny. Mrs, THOMAS: They put in a penny-in-the-slot meter for us, a stove and three lights, for nothing. The gas is much better than the messy old lamps and candles. Mrs. JONES Will they put it in for nothing ? Mrs. EVANS: Yes, merch i; just Bend a post-card to the Gas Works, Pontardawe, or to the Office at Ystalyfera, and they will send a man up at once, and the stove and lights will be fixed up in no time. Mrs. JONES Then indeed I think I will d. it as soon as we have finished tea. Because I do believe my eyes would be better if we had gas instead of the old-fashion lamps. For particulars, drop a Post Card te the MANAGER, GAS WORKS, PONTARBAWE. AUCKLAND'S Ltd. The Largest Boot & Shoe Merchants in Wales. I Stocked in Box CJ /#?/* Calf and Chrome f 1111 f Leather. Small, Medium, and Square Toe 3tock- The Best Value in Wales J <?' 6?r<M/? progf. Send for a pair now. Mention which leather, shape and size. Onrece^ of P.O.O. for 8?, ye will send by return post carriage paid. Auckland's Ltd., HIGH STREET, SWANSEA ST. HELEN'S RD., CARPENTIER'S WINNINGS i In the four years during which he has been boxing Georges Carpentiet., has won nearly £ 16,000. The year 1909, when he made his debut as a profes- sional, brought only E36. In 1910 lie made EIOO. Next year he leapt into four figures with i11300. In 1912 he had the comfortable income for a youth of 19 of £ 5,000. The year that has just ended added to his bank ba- lance. Had he remained a miner at Lens he might, working overtime, have earned the same sum in a little under 200 years. The fist is mightier than the pick.
SOUTH WALES HOUSING PROBLEM Glaring Facts Mr. Edgar Chappell's Vision I At the monthly meeting of the Western I Miners at Swansea, on Saturday, the i Chairman said he ha,d pleasure in introducing Mr Edgar L. Chappell, secre- tary of the South Wales Garden Cities and Town Planning Association. He was sure they all sym- pathisoo with the object he had in view, and he hoped his address would be of great value and help to the delegates, and that good would be accomplished as a result. He was glad that the efforts made by Mr Cha-ppell had succeeded to some extent, in arousing the interest of the workers to a sense of their rcsponsi- bility in this important question, but much yet remained to be done. STIRRING UP REBELLION Mr Chappell, who had a cordial recep- tion, said he was still at the same old ga.me-trying to stir up rebellion in the hearts of the worker&- (ar. plau&e). His efforts at present were directed to arous- ing Trade Unionists in all parts of South Wales to the irnporta,noe of the Housing and other question as part and parcel of their propaganda. Mo&t^of the miners' i and other Trade. Unionists had been de- j voting themselves almost entirely to in- dustrial questions, and the possibilities of incre.a.sing w ages. Whilst, they were en- deavouring ,to increase wages, the pur- chasing power of those wages was getting lower and lower, as was seen in the in- creasing of rents and the prices of other commodities. He wanted them to realize the necessity of not only increasing their wages, but of increasing the purchasing power of those wages--(hear, hear). SHORTAGE OF 25,000 HOUSES IN SOUTH WALES. One of the chief reasons why rents v/ere going up was because of the scarcity of dwellings in South Wales. They suffered more from a shortage of houses in South Wales than any other part, of the Kingdom. In no other coalfield in the Kingdom had private enterprise been so inadequate to meet the demands of the population. The shortage of houses was between 20,000 and 25,000 houses in South Wales, and whenever there existed a shortage of houses thev had high rents. That was why he wanted Trade Union- ists to take an interest in the Housing Question. They were endeavouring to link up this Association with the Trade Union Moye- ment Co-operative Societies, Clubs, and all corts of organisations controlled by the workers in order that" they could or- ganise meetings, housing propaganda campaigns, conferences, letcurcs, etc. PIT HEAD BATHS. There was not a single colliery in South Wales which had carried out the scheme of pit head baths under the Coal Mines Regulation Act of 1911, and there was only one colliery in the whole country which had adopted the system. If the pit head Ibaths system was adopted at the various collieries, there would be an immense saving of labour to the women. They were, often told of the "sweating" which went on in the dens of London, but there were women in the colliery districts of South Wales who were sweated in- finitely worse than the women in the dens of London. Yet what were the facts? They had only to ask the colliery proprietors to install pit head baths, and they would have to do so. The cost to the men would only be lid. per week, and the saving in soap and towels would be worth more than that. Besides that, there would a saving of labour to the women. He was convinced that there should be a pit head bath at every col- liery, if only for the sake of the women, alone. A tremendous amount of ignor- axice existed amongst colliers as to what pit head baths were. He had been told in one place that it meant a large swimming bath. (Laughter). THE CONTINENTAL SYSTEM. Those which were in use in Germany, Belgium and France were really magni- ficent. As soon as the men finished work, after they came to the surface they went into a cubicle and stripped, and then allowed warm water to stream over them. The Association he represented would be only too pleased to send lecturers to meetings arranged by any committee, and the lectures would be illustrated Dy lantern elides. All the local committees would be asked to do would be to ar- range the meetings, and nay the out-of- pocket expenses of the lecturers. The lectures would illustrate the disadvant- ages of the present system, and the ad- vantages of the system which might be adopted. BETTED ADMINISTRATION WANTED. In Gower, almost all believed in Land Reform. The 1909 Town Planning Act gave power to the people to say how many housed should be built on each acre, and in respect of tlto* laying out of open spaces, parks, bowline greens, recreation grounds, sites for publIc buildings, etc. Local authorities ooiild adopt that Act and possess the powers conforredj but up to the present only one authority in Wale?—Wrexham—had done so. The people ought to be told what could be done under existing legislation. It waa useless to send men to the House of Com- motis to get these Act placed upon the I>?gislative books When they neglected to have those Acts administered. The Association was prepared to oo- oprrate with all classes of people in order to carry out the objects they had in view. He had succeeded iai obtaining financial assistance from many wealthy people. WORKING WOMEN AND TENNIS. They wanted better facilities for the workers to enjoy life. Why, for instance, should not the working class woman play tennis? As things were now, tennis was left to teachers and clerks. Colliers had just es much right to play cricket as any other class of men. They wanted recrea- tion grounds for the children, and bowl- ing greens for the men, and tennis grounds for the women. What was re- quired was that colliers should take up these questions, and plead for them just as they did for increases of wages. They ought to compel the local authorities to build houses. If they required 100 houses in any locality, the building of ten houses should not be looked upon as a solution of the pTblem. If the Trade Unionists of South Wa'es awakened in all their strength, no authority would dare resist their demands. At the present time the L.G. B. were stirring all its activities in getting local authorities to build houses, but the local authorities, in many in- stances, would not take action. How authorities to take action They must awaken public opinion, in addition to placing their representatives on the Coun- cils. Better houses, in the long run would mean less expenditure on medicines and tuberculosis hospitals and similar insti- tutions. How could they as a District co-operate? They, like other Districts of the Miners' Federation, could affiliate with the Association. He (the speaker), wanted to see the Trade Unions assisting the movement financially, and in the work of arranging meetings, lectures, etc. Their propaganda was ir. tended to assist the working clasps, and no one in South Wales would benefit more than would the working classes when tho ob jects of the Associa- tion were attained. By the payment of JS2 2s. Od. the District would have the privelege of electing a representative on the Council of the Association so that they would be able to assist in controlling the Association. AN EXCELLENT SUGGESTION. He asked the delegates to go back to their lodges and endeavour to induce their members to become affiliated with the Association, and also to arrange meet- ings to which tho Association would send speakers. The holding of their annual demonstrations also gave them an oppor- tunity of dealing with the housing ques- tion, instead of taking up the whole of the time dealing with industrial and political questions. If the miners of South Wales, at their annual demonstrations, only voiced a. demand for better housing conditions, they would create such an atmosphere that no local authority would refuse to take action when approached. The provision of pit head baths, the ques- tion of the administration of the Poor Law, Housing, etc., were apart from their political and industrial matters, but they wore important. By publicly dealing with these matters they would stir up the authorities to do work.—(Applause). The Copper Pit Delegate Why is it that there is such a scarcity of houses in South Wales? THE REASON FOR THE SCARCITY. Mr Chappell During the last 10 years South Wales has developed more rapidly than any other industrial area in the country, with the result that most of the available capital has gone into industrial and shipping concerns. In addition to less capital, we are the victims of our own geography. All our collieries are situa.-ted in valleys. The floor of the valley is usually taken up by a railway or canal, and in every case, a river. In many cases houses have to be built upon tips and upon the hillsides, and they cannot be built as cheaply on the hillside as they can be built on the Hat. Excavations again, cost money. Those a,re the chief reasons why we are worse off, but the third reason is that we suffer from the leasehold land system, different from other parts of the country, because the amount of available building land is naturally restricted, and the landlords have a greater monopoly, and are thus able to charge higher rents. Then there is another reason. Nearly every other shop we come to in the main streets of our large towns is a multiple shop, and the same thing applies to the building industry at the present time, and. negotia- tions are at present on foot in London to form a combine with a capital of JS100,000,000 (one hundred millions, sterl- ing). Drain pipes have doubled in price during the last two years; cement has gone up 10s. per ton since the last coal strike, snd there have been increases in the pricps of other commrdities. We are told that these increases are, due to the Insurance and Compensation Acta, and also because of the increase in the cost of labour. That is all nonsense. It is due to the fact that the whole building trade I is controlled by combines. I NEED FOR EDUCATION Aga.in, local authorities can borrow money cheaper than private enter- prise can borrow it. At Letchworth, two years ago a house waa built which cost £ 150, and later another similar house in every respect w as built, but the ccet had increased to j3180. This is due to the octopus of capitalism, aid the Miners' Federation, in common with other Trade Unions, will have to educate the public who are not aware of these things. APATHY AND INDIFFERENCE In reply to Mr W. Morgan, Mr Chappell stated that Mrs. Bruce GlasieT had written a pamphlet dealing with pit head baths, which should be read by every miner. If the miners of South Wales would nots lake advantage of the privelegee they possessed, why should Parliament be asked for others! There were at least three colliery companies in Wales which would, install ptt head baths if the employees would ask them to do so. Surely men would not refuse to ask for baths, because it would cost them lid. per week-the price of a glass of beer. Men who came to the District meetings as delegates, and \he better class of workers, were all agreed as to the ad- vantages of pit head baths, but amongst the men employed at the collieries there was a large amount of apathy and in- difference, and if these people could be induced to come to the lectures they would see how healthy and convenient the baths were. At Mardy they were taking & ballot on the question, whilst at Aber- sychan they had already taken action, but those were the only two collieries in South Wales where anything had been done. Mr W. Morgan, No. 3 Garngoch, said they had approached their owners on the point, but had been told that the colliery was not likely to laat 10 years. CONSERVATIVE MINERS Mr Chappell said it was a fact that the miners of South Wales were very con- servative, i.e., they were opposed to change, and that could only be cured bv means of education. Lectures would help in that direction. A hearty vote of thanks waa proposed to Mr Chappell for his excellent adi yress on the motion of the Copper Pit dele- gate, seconded by Mr Elias Davies. The latter said it was quite time the miners fit the Western District did someth-ing to return considerably more Labour men on local bodies than they had done. They had been preaching that for the last 15 years. More attention had been paid in getting Acta passed than ha.d been paid in the administration of those Acts when passed. It was useless asking for more legislation when they had as much as they could go on with. The miners in West Glamorgan should pay more atten- tion to getting men of their own class upon local authorities instead of elect- ing retired grocers, contractors and house owners to serve upon such bodies. Most of these people sought to be members of such bodies for the express purpose of keeping the rents of their property pp to the highest level. In the 'district to which he belonged, the local authority was practically governed bv people who owned house property. The people of the district could not see that it would be to their advaiitage for the authority to build houses for the people. (Continued at bottom of next column.)
(Continued from preceding column) GROVESEND AND INFERNO The Chairman said that some colliery wore they, as workers, to get the local companies had been wise enough to get certain workmen to buy houses from them, and this had the effect of these I I I I men naving sold themselves body an-d oouls to their employers. They dared not take part in any propaganda work or in fighting for what was due to them. Grovesend, at present, resembled Dante's "Iiifewno" "Abandon Hope all ye who enter here!" He went on to refer to what had been done at Merthyr through the very able efforts of Mr David Davies. Pant, who had brought the matter of housing to the attention of the Merthyr Trades and Labour Council, which body had then compelled the local authority to build houses. At present about 500 houses had been built by the Merthyr Corporation at rents ranging from 18s. to 25s. per month. At Pontardulais there was a scarcity of houses, and the Graig- ola Colliery Company were building 18 because they could not get men to stop t-e. If the workers compelled the local authorities to build ILou", reaits would speedily go down The vote of thanks having been carried with acclamation, Mr Chappell replied that the best thanks they could offer him would be for the. District to co-operate with him in trying to stir up rebellion in the hearts of the workers against the abominable system which prevailed. He was up against such munJcipal schemes of building long, ucrly, miserable, SOT- did rows of houses. From one standpoint municipal building in South Wales had been an abpminable failure. He had a. vision of villages which they might estab- lish in their mining villages. Why should they not have artistic and beautiful dwelling houses, built in twos or at thf most in a 'block of four, snd not more than 10 houses to the a.cre? If thev could make their villaups beautiful as well as healthy, what a difference it would make to the lives of the workers! What a beautiful valley the Rhondda was 30 years ago, and ) what a beautiful Valley it would have re- j mained if they had only safeguarded it. He was much obliged to them for grant- ing him the privilege of addressing them. (Applause). Mr W. Morga-n, Garngoch No. 3, moved that the District should become affiliated with the Association. Mr Elias Davies seconded, and urged the District to grant sufficient so that they might have a member on the Governing Council of the Association. They were apt to complain that in the past others had been con- trolling such movements. It was unanimously decided that the District should be aiffliated, and that Mr W. H. Davies, Peneliwdd. should be the representative for the District on the Executive Council.