COMPULSION CONGRESS. j CO1PULSION CONGI<ESS. LABOUR DELEGATES' FEARS OF CONSCRIPTION J 0 0 -—— —— SCENES AT A HISTORIC MEETING. SPECIAL TO THE "LABOUR VOICE" Londoners are strangely indifferent to what is going on in their midst, but some of them who passed the Wesleyan Hall at Westminster when the delegates were assembling for the afternoon session of the great Labour conference on conscription, betrayed an eager if ephemeral curiosity. Under the portico of the Westminster Hospit- al, hard by, sat a wounded soldier, a boy of seventeen with an amputated leg, and a flicker of interest lit up his pale face as the Labour delegates passed. Little groups of them thronged the sidewalk outside the entrance to the Wesleyan Hall. Mr Tom Mann was there, tingling with vitality, bandying jests with old friends, and slapping them on the shoulder. Mr Matt Giles, of Swansea, quietly smoking a pipe, was engaged in conversation with a friend. Mr John Hodge engaged in grave colloquy with a delegate. Some press photographers besought Mr Will Crocks to pose for the camera. Mr G. H. Roberts, M.P., dressed with the ostentatious neatness of a shopwalker, came striding briskly up. Mr James My lies, the London organiser of the I.L.P., was the centre of an animated knot of I.L.P.-ers. Some Rhondda. Valley miners moved about asking for the gallery entrance. Inside the hall the delegates were rapidly filling the seats of the vast auditorium. Some of the men wore khaki armless, but the greater num- ber were beyond the military age, and the greybeards—Labour's elder states- men were not. few. There was just a sprinkling of women delegates, about a dozen in all. Up in the gallery, were Mr James Winstone and Mr Vernon Hartshorn. A sharp rap of Mr Gosling's majlet on the table put an end to the rustling of agenda papers and the hum of con- versation, and in a moment the silver- haired chairman was reading out the amendments that were to be discussed. As soon as this ended Mr Henderson rose. MR ARTHUR HENDERSON He was in a dour mood, and the flow of .his words was more than re- miniscent of the Wesleyan local preacher. Alluding, apparently, to Mr W. C. Anderson and Mr J. H. Thomas, he said that speakers at the morning session had appealed to passions, he said he would avoid that. But a moment later he was vigorously re- buking some persons who had insulted Mr John Hodge. "I am going to show that I have not lost my own soul," he said. "You haven't got one," shouted an impetu- ous person in the area. There was a. swelling murmur of pro- tests, followed by loud demands for a withdrawal. Mr Henderson waited calmly for the uproar to subside. "I quite understand all that, he resumed, "I have been educated in this movement. There are those in this audience who are interrupting me and who have been interrupting other speakers, who have not raised their little finger-Cloud cheers),—who are against the war, and who, I believe, are not prepared to say that they would like'to see us win the war. Yet the Conference cannot have its resolu- tion moved without the active chair- man of the Labour party being in- terrupted and insulted by one of these anti-war men." There was a roar of cheering from Mr Henderson's supporters. Then he plunged into a reasoned de- fence of his position. Lord Kitchener wanted 30,000 men a week until the ■Spf'^ig in order to bring the present divison up to strength, then he wanted 30,000 a week until the end of the year 1JO ftt the reserves. The men had to he obtained. If the pledge had not been given he w-.s fully of opinion that to-day they would have been in the posit.on of having a measure of con- scription fuller, wider, and more per- manent submitted to the country and to the House of Commons. If the conference decided that the Coalition was to be broken, he would resign from the Cabinet. If they ordered him to oppose the Bill as a private member, he would refuse, apply for the Chiltern Hundreds, and seek the support of his constituents. "I do not min d he added, ( ( ''I do not mind," he added, "ex- tending to those who have indulged in bravado about 'purifying the Labour Ipaxty,' an invitation to follow me to Ithe constituencies. I MR SNOW I) EN EXCITED. There were angry cries, indicating that the shaft had found its mark. Mr Snowden sprang excitedly to his feet. "I will accept that challenge. That was all which the general body of delegates could hear, for the I.L.P-ers around Mr Snowden raised such vociferous cheering that the re- mainder of his words were lost. Mr Bruce Glasier's face lit up with a happy smile; Mr Walter Ayles stood up and waved his handerchief; Mr Wallhead gave his stentor voice full scope, Mr Henderoon complained that Mr Snowden's interruption was irrelevant, Mr Snowden was not among the morn- ing's speakers, nor had he (Mr Hinder- son) referred specineially to Black- j burn. A scornful, mocking laugh came j from the I.L.P. delegates. After some further interruptions and dissensions, Mr Henderson resumed his seat. He had delivered a speech, which, although perhaps in parts need- lessly provocative, will rank as among the best and strongest in his not un- distinguished career. Mr Snowden and Mr Ramsay Mac- donald rose simultaneously, but the chairman called on Mr Macdonald. A remarkable scene followed. For over a minute the delegates cheered and cla-ppe-d and waved handkerchiefs and agenda papers. Underneath the vast volume of cheering there was a current of faint booing. Up to that moment the greater number of delegates remained impas- sive. Gusts of passion had swept across the hall, now stirring one of the strong pacifists, now moving the pro-conscriptionists: but the great in- termediate body gave no indication of their leanings. Thev all joined in the reception to Mr Ramsay Macdonald, and a great greeting it was. He began by pouring oil on the troubled waters. The challenges pass- ing between Mr Snowden and Mr Henderson were regrettable, and were the product of ephemeral passion, j Then in the manner of a univei-sitv, professor lecturing to students, Mr. Macdonald latirclicci liat-o a vindication of the representative," as against the delegate, theory of democracy. "TAUNTING" THE I.L.P. 1 "There is nothing," he said, "more i terrible in its consequences than to drift into a bad system so that at no moment are you facing the devil fa.ir and square, and fighting him clear and above board. "The moment. you put a bill on the Statute-book to say to an individual, single or married, 'it is part of your ordinary civic duties to join the army,' that moment vou have declared for a method which will have to be carried out to its fullest extent, because there is no half-way house possible for the nation after it has taken that step." A moment later he embarked upon a passionate vindication of the I.L.P. It was unfair, he declared to taunt them with having done nothing to make the voluntary system a success. They had to get men to the trenches, but they had to get them from there, and to get them from there in such a way that it would be unnecessary in future years to send men to the trenches. He and his friends of the I.L.P. had chosen the latter function as their own. They had to recognise that on this matter, as in industry, the principle of the sub-division of labour was opera- tive. Mr Bellamy, of the Railwaymen's Union then moved a resolution deelar- ing opposition to the Bill, and recom- mending the Labour Party to oppose it. In a quiet speech, delivered with- out vehemence or violent gesture, he declared that his organisation was un- alterably opposed to compulsory mili- tary service, whatever the Derby figures might be. He wa.rned the Government that if they put the Bill on the Statute Book they would arouse passions which before now Kings and Governments ha, d not been able to stand against. i THE TOTE. Aftèr Mr Egerton Wake had seconded, the vote was taken, and the result was announced: I For the amendment 1,715,000 Against. 934,000 A tornado of applause broke forth. The delegates cheered, and wavM hats and hankerchiefs. Mr Philip Snowden stood to his feet, and waved his arms ecstatically, and the other I.L.P re- ■ presentatives gave evidences of their delight. While this demonstration was going on Mr Sexton was noticed to be ad- I (Conftnued at bottom of next column)
Without Parallel in War History. PREMIER S STATEMENT. Mr Asquith made a striking reference to the Gallipoli evacuation in the House of Commons on Monday. He said1:— The House and the countrv will have learned with extreme gratification of the successful retirement of the forces at Cape Helles without the loss of a single life. (Cheers). Eleven guns only were left behind- not a very large number—of which ten were worn-out 15-pounders, and, be- fore being abandoned, all were render- ed unfit for further service. Such of the stores and reserve am- munition as could not. be removed was set on fire at the last moment, and the whole retirement wasconductecl with an absolute minimum of loss. (Cheers), This operation, taken in conduction j with the earlier retirement from Suvla and Anzac, is, I believe, without paraL lei in military or naval history, j That it should have been carried through with no appreciable loss, in view of the vast amount of personnel and materiel involved, is an achieve- | ment of which all concerned--com- manding officers, officers. and men—in both services-may w,ell be proud— j (cheers)—and deserves, and I am sure will receive, the profound gratitude of the King and the country, a.nd which well may make an imperishable place for them in our national history. (Re- newed cheers). His Majesty will be advised that General Sir ChCarles Monro, Admirals Do Robeck and Wemyss, Lieutenant- generals Birdwood and Davies. and other officers who worked under them shall receive special recognition.
QUARRELLED- WITH Tj!-F i i MANAGER. j COIJJERY CASE AT YEATH. COLLIERY CASE At' YE\TH. I At Neath County Police Court Arthur Johnson and Thomas Murphy, shunters, Glyn-Neath, summoned the Aberpergwm Collieries Co., Ltd.. for breach of contract. The case of Mur- phy was taken first, and plaintiff claimed £ 3 12s. for wrongful dismissal and loss of work. Plaintiff said he was employed as shunter at the Aber- pergwm Collieries at 9s. a day. On October 2, the manager. Rees Howells. •came up to him and said that the pit was on stop for empties. Plaintiff pointed out to him that there were plenty of empties under the screen to go on with for an hour and a half if properly distributed. The manager then called him a —— liar. and after further words Howells said "that he (plaintiff) wanted to run the colliery. The manager then dismissed him. i Plaintiff admitted that he had left the defendant's colliery on previous oeca- sions without giving notice. For the defence, Mr Towken said that plain- tif became insolent and left his A,ork. This was borne out by the manager (Pees Howells).—The Bench found for the defendant company. In the second case, Arthur Johnson, collier, of Glyn-Neath. claimed E6 4s. in lieu of notice.—Judgment was given for the defendants in this case also.
PECKED BY A FOWL. STRANGE CAUSE OF DEATH AT T AI' RG WAlTH Mrs. Margaret Davies, known locally as "Marged John Gof," aged 76, living at Tai'rgwaith, Gwauncacgurwen, met her death through a trivial cause. Some few days previously she had been pecked on the hand by one of her fowls. No notice was taken of the in- cident at the time, for Mrs Davies. almost always had her hands and arms. covered with scratches received whilst handling the fowls. But b'ood-poison- ing developed in a couple of days, and, despite the best attention, death took place. L-
THE FARE TO WESTMINSTER. The expenses incurred in connection with the Merthyr by-election were as follows:—Mr Charles Butt Stanton, jE801 5s. 9d. Mr James Winstone, £1,098.
(Continuing from preceding column). dressing words. of angry protest to the chairman. Mr Gosling announced that, to remove all doubt, he would take another vote. The figures were: For the substantive resolution 1,988,000 Against 783,000 There was again much cheering and demonstrations of gratification. And the delegates began to file out, many of them well-pleased that Labour had planted a hob-nailed boot squarø on the compulsion measure. T. J. W.
SECOND LINE ARMY S PRESSING NEEDS. A theatre, a cinema, a concert hall, a small operating theatre and infirm- ary for cases of illness, a doctor, and a chaplain—all these are now being pro- vide(I for the benefit of munition workers at one of the largest factories in the country. This fact is contained in report to the Minister of Munitions '<y the Wel- fare Supervision Committee, the chair- man of which is Sir George D. New- man, M.D. The chaplain's duties in- elude the settlement of disputes among those living in the workers' hostels. This report draws attention to the notorious difficulties of housing and transit which have resulted from the enormous development in the munition industry. In certain districts houses I intended for one family are now occu- pied by several, and the same bed may be used by day and night. A careful investigation is recommended with z view to housing schemes. It is stated by the committee that munition workers are in the case of some districts compelled to travel in overcrowded trams and trains of which the times of departure and 4irrival may involve waiting, delay, and serious loss of time. ONLY SIX HOURS' SLEEP. Many workers have to leave home daily before 5 a.m.. and do not return before 10 p.m., thus leaving barely six hours for sleep. Improved facilities for transit mav contribute materially j to the solution of the housing problem. Again, the provision of facilities for obtaining a hot meal at factories is often inadequate, especially for night workers. Workers who are poorly lodged may be unable to obtain nourishing food to take with them others living long distances from the factory may have little or no time to spare for meals, and thus have to rely on what they carry with them to sus- tain them during the day. Yet the I munition worker, like the soldier, re- quires good rations to enable him to do good work; moreover, many of these workers are only bovs and girls. j Advice and assistance are therefore required in large factories in regard to the betterment nf fe<Tin r; arrange- ments: where canteen accommodation J is provided, its management calls for effective supervision, j Welfare workers already exist at a number of factories, and several era plovers say that the presence of a capable woman of broad sympathies has solved many of the problems as- sociated with women's labour. The committee therefore recommend the appointment of a whole-time woman supervisor for each munition works \Vhe-ToG women and girls are employed, and of a special male officer in fac- tories where 500 men or 100 bovs work. ————— —————
FAMOUS INN CLOSED. ONE OF THE FEW HAUNTS OF j SHAKESPEARE THAT REMAINED. An in which dates from the time of Queen Elizabeth, the Three Pigeons at Brentford Market Place, has been closed as redundant, under an order of the Middlesex Licensing Justices. Mr Halliwell, in his illustrations to 'The Merry Wives of Windsor," says with reference to the Three Pigeons: "This house is interesting as being, in all likelihood, one of the few haunts of Shakespere not removed, and as being, indeed, the sole Elizabethan tavern existing in England which, in the absence of direct evidence to the contrary, mav fairly be presumed to have been occasionally visited by him." Peele lavs the scenes of some of his "Merry Jests'' at the Three Pigeons, and two scenes in the comedy "She Stct.ps to Conquer" are laid at the inn; in one of them Tony Lumpkin singing a song in praise of it. Brentford and the Three Pigeons are familiar to readers of Dckens. Oliver Twist was made to tramp through Brentford with Bill Sikea to the burg- larv at Shepperton, and mention is made of the inn in "Our Mutual Friend." The inn played an important part in the political life of Brentford, and it is recorded that in the reign. of Charles II. akgeneral sessions of the peace for the trial of prisoners was held within its walls.
STORY OF A SECRET MARRIAGE. The love story of a Scottish distiller was told in the Court of Session at Edinburgh on Saturday, when Mary Russell, or Mackenzie, brought an action 'i d, Ùtd.C.lt:C,ll .h;t "lit Wd.S married to the late Thomas Mackenzie, of Dailunaine, Banffshire, and Dun- carss, Bearsden. Petitioner was hopsekeeper to Mr. Mackenzie, and in her evidence said that in Marct, 1901, in a furnished house he had provided for her in Glas- gow he said that he was a justice of the peace, and that if a man and woman exchanged vows they were married as legally as if in a church. He read passages from the Common Pra ver. and each signed the declara- tion of marriage. A daughter was born in 1905. The hearing was adjourned.
RALLYING NATIONAL FORCES. INTERVIEW WITH GENERAL OWEN I THOMAS. In the course of an interview Gener- al Owen Thomas said that the part Cardiff and Glamorganshire had taken in promoting his scheme for rallying all the forces of Welsh Nationalism around the Welsh Army had had a stimulating effect upon the movement throughout the whole of Wales. "To Cardiff," said General Thomas, "belongs the credit of having con- vened the first meeting of citizens to discuss the scheme and its lead has been promptly and effectively seconded by Glamorganshire. "This endorsement by business men and by men exper- ienced in public affairs and public ad- ministration on a wide scale has af- forded me great encouragement. Several other Welsh -counties are al- ready moving in the matter. A NATIONAL CAUSE. I "And surely," continued the Gener- al, "this is a national cause in which all Wales can unite—the gathering to- gether of all that is best in the civil- ian life of the nation to support all that is best in the military life of the nation. The transformation of Wales from the most peace-loving nation in J the kingdom into the most ardent of British communities pledged to the effective prosecution of the war is surely one of the greatest miracles of modern times. "This ready sacrifice entails corres- ponding duties and responsibilities up- on the whole nation." General Owen Thomas is of opinion that a conference of representative men drawn from all parts of the Prin- cipality should be called together at an early date to discuss these matters and to decide upon the constitution of a national committee to deal with them. OBJECTS OF THE ORGAISATIO i Asked to define the scope of such a national organisation, General Owen Thomas said that its objects might be somewhat as follows:— 1. To advise and direct those who have joined the Army under Lord Der- by's scheme, or who may hereafter en- list, as to the desirability of their join- j ing some Welsh unit, thereby ensuring for them all the benefits derivable under the new organisation. i 2. To provide adequately for the moral and material needs of the mem- bens of every Welsh unit at home and abroad. 3. To provide suitable literature in Welsh and English for their use. 4. To arrange for and render assist- ance in organising entertainments and recreation. 5. To Welcome Welsh soldiers on their return to their homes after the war, and to assist them in taking the fullest advantage of the financial pro- visions contained in any Government scheme, etc. The organisation, it is suggested, might take the form of a Welsh national committee constituted at a general national conference, which would exercise supervision over the whole movement. A national fund might be obtained by private subscriptions, supplemented by organised collection and other means in the churches, chapels, and schools of the Principality.
SLIPPED UNDER TRAIN. I DISTRESSING ACCIDENT TO A I MUMBLES GIRL. A serious accident occurred on Tues- day evening to a young girl named Miss Nellie Johns, living in Castle- square, Mumbles, and employed at the Walter road Post Office, Swansea. She was proceeding by the eight o'clock train, and, being in a hurry to get to a chapel meeting, alighted at West Cross while the train was in motion. She fell under the train, and several whools passed over her body. She was picked up suffering from severe crush- ing of an arm and leg, and injuries to the skull, and was conveyed to the Swansea Hospital, where she succumbed to her injuries. 'AI 1
TAXIS AND HORSES IN j BERLIN. I Mr Sanford Griffith, who reoently re- I tffiurned from Germany, writing in the New York "Outlook" says that the streets of the city are brilliantly light- ed. "Taxis bumped along on their rims—tyres are 'hors de prix'—but taxis there were. What horses there had been were either dead or dying. In a twenty-minute walk one evening I saw three of them down on the street.
Dr. G. Campbell Morgan, of West- minster Church. London, is conducting a four days' Bible mission, under the auspices of the Upper Rhondda Bible Conference, at Noddia Welsh Baptist Church, Treorky.
MR STANTON VISITS FRANCE Talk With President. MET HIS OWN SON IN THE TRENCHES. "We are bound to win." That is the one great impression Mr C. B. Stanton has brought back with him from his tour of the French and British lines. He returned more re- solute than ever in his determination to help to arouse Britain to the neces- sity of putting every ounce of her energy into the task of defeating the Hun. says the "Western Mail" London correspondent. Mr Stanton has been away for nearly a fortnight. He made Paris his head- quarters during his visit, and Mrs. Stanton remained there while her hus- band went up to the firing line, ac- companied by Mr Victor Fisher, who was associated with him in his election at Merthyr, and Mr Nellsole, who volunteered to act. as his private secre- tary. because of his great interest in military.. hospit als. A MAGNIFICENT RECEPTION. Immediately after his return Mr Stanton told me an interesting story of his experiences. "Altogether," he said, "we had a magnificent reception by almost every Minister of the French Government, and every day brought us new and lasting impression. "Unquestionably the outstanding incident of the visit on the personal side was my presentation to President j Poincaire at the Palace Elysees. Through an interpreter I conveyed to him my own gcod feelings and that of my friends in regard to our associa- tion in this great war with our brave French allies. "Although he did not speak English the President understood it, and, after we had gone c,ti for a little while with the help of the intrepeter. he said he would like me to address him in English, as he thought he would be able to understand. I therefore ad- dressed him ii, our own tongue.some of his Ministers were with him at the tirn-e-and aner I had acknowledged his kindness n receiving me. I as- sured him that everything I could do in my humble wav would be done to cement and foster the fullest unity be- tween the great nation of which he is the head and the British Empire. "President Poincare thanked me very cordially, and said that he thoroughly reciprocated the feelings which I had expressed, and that he was sure he irterpreted the sentiments of the French nation when he &aid so. "The President showed his welcome in a practical way by placing at my disposal every convenience for visiting the French lires. The French Govern- ment also supplied me with motor- cars and provided me with guides. UNDER FIRE. "We were actually under fire on three or four occasions." Mr Stanton went on. "We visited Arras, now al- most in ruins, and while I was engaged in collecting souveniors the enemy were engaged in sidling us. Indeed, we had to curtail our visit to the citadel in consequence of heavy German fire being directed upon the scene. On some oocasiomt. we got so close to the German lines that we were requested not to speak. The tremendous detona- tion and re-echoing of the cannonading guns across th3 old-fashioned square of Arras was most awe-inspiring. When we were at ) pres shelling was going on. THE WELSU SOLDIERS. "When we visited the British lines I was able to make use of the little time that was left to see some of our fine Welsh regiments, whose officers were particularly kind to me. I either addressed the men or shook hands with them, recognising any. coming from the Welsh valleys, wher^ I had seen them many times. Thley look fit and fairly happy, at anv rate, as anyone could expect them. Unfortunately, it was not possible to meet all the fine fellows I had hoped :0 see in the time at my disposal, but 1 am glad I was able to meet many fi >m my own constituency, and they gave me a great reception. MEETIN3 WITH HIS SON. "Perhaps the most delightful inci- dent here wss when I had the satis- faction of meeting one of my own sons. Frank, who (ame out of the trenches somewhere in the neighbourhood. We had a very hippy hour together. 'When the time came for me to wish him good-bye he asked me to tell his mother t.iat he was quite happy. Everywhere I went I heard the great- est praise of 'he Welsh soldiers. There is litiie OOLOI ironi w hat I ouuid understand that the miners who come from the hills and valleys of Wales are accomplishing great things. They have, of course, been brought up in an atmosphere of risk and danger. Every officer of high or low degree to whom I spoke expressed admiration of the Welsh soldier in terms of the highest praise. j j "From first to last the visit was one which could not fail to make a deep impression, all confirming the opinion which has been formed in my mind, that we are bound to win the war. (Continued at bottom of next column)
I TRADE UNION AP :AL. ATTEST AND SAVE THE 'ON FROM OONSCRIPTH Some of the trade unions "Q doing their otmoet to encourage single men to attest immediately in the hope that the voluntary system may yet, be saved. Mr Walkden. (secretary to the Rail- way Clerks' Association) has written to the branches:- "I would once more urge all those who have not yet attested to do so, in order to assist both in helping the country in its hour of need and in 7 saving the British system of voluntary organisation. According to Mr Bal- four, over 6,000,000 men have been enlisted for the forces < n the voluntary system, and it will be a splendid thing for our country if she can complete her part in the struggle without having to apply legal compulsion to any man." The London Trades Council will meet on Thursday evening to discuss a re- solution demanding the withdrawal of the Compulsion Bill, expressing the view that the group system should be continued by voluntary methods, and pledginp tsèlf to support recruiting for the suc< ;sful conclusion of the war.
PLAN THAT WOULD CHEAPEN HOME COMMODITIES Important negotiations, it is stated. have been proceeding for some time with a view to organising a general system of pooling railway rolling stock, mainly in order to minimise the con- gestion in certain areas, which results under present conditions from national and local requirements. The Coal Mines Organisation Committee has had the matter under consideration for some time, with the assistance of as- sessors from the Board of Trade. Many difficulties have naturally arisen, and the task of outlining a practical scheme has been referred to a committee of experts on railway transit and others identified with work of a kindred character The importance of the scheme is con- siderable, since it is believed that if stock were systematically pooled by the various railway companies and private owners of waggons the cost of home commodities would be appreciably di- minished and a large amount of work- ing expenses altogether eliminated, a proportionate increase in efficiency being simultaneousl-v obtained. ————— —————
RECRUITS' "SNOWBALL" MARCH On a "snow ball" march of 320 milkf,. 30 recruits from Gilgandra, in New South WTales, reoently set out for Sydney in order to enlist. En route meetings were held, and at almost everv town men were added to the party, until, on reaching Sydney, the procession included 263 stalwart men anxious to "do their bit" in the Em- pire's fight. —————
NO BREAD DELIVERIES. It is quite possible that at an early date, London bakers will cease to de- liver bread to their customers. This is one result of the shortage of labour. Notice of the coming change has al- ready been given by the tradesmen in some London districts, and there is every prospect that the new order will become general. It is not the bakery trade, however, which is feeling the shortage of labour and the advanoe in carriage rates. The grocers in some parts of the metropolis, for instance, have suspended their deliveries for some time past. ————- ————
WOMEN DENTISTS. There has latterly been a consider- able increase in the number of women who are taking up dentistry as a pro- fession. Hitherto, the National Dental Hospital has been the only one of the kind open to women in London; but the recent opening of the Royal Dent- al Hospital in Leicester-square marks an important forward movement in connection with female dentists. Women are being eagerly sought for the position of dentist in the school clinics, but, so far, most of those who have qualified appear to prefer setting up in private practices on their own behalf. ———————
(Continuing frora preoeding column). 'Our men out there are optimists all the time. THE FUTURE. "France. Flanders, and Belgium are our frontiers. I ooudr not help think- ing. as I heard the continued din and roar of our guns that there la,- the future of Britain, and that that future depends upon what we do at home in sending more men there to reinforce those who are so valiantly fighting for us. "Beside, all realises as perhap-, never before the obligation which re-*> upon us to secure to those who are left maimed, and therefore dependerf. shall be properly cared for after th; straggle."