THE UNKNOWN FACTOR. MEANING OF THE BIG OFFENSIVE. Air. HiLaire tyefloc, m his weekly Levies of the war in lai;d and Water," devotes a portion of his article to a consideration oi the Russian cffensive in Y'olhynia. and the Biikavinii. He writes :— The moment the Ausiro-German attack Jnst south of the Piiisk marshes, in the re- gion of Czartoayak, developed, the Rr.ssrian.- countered heavily by a thrust just north of the Rumanian border fiYTn Bess arahi a. They began a violent offensive for the pos- session of the heights immediately above J Czeraavitz, the capital of tho Bukovixta, de- fended by very strong and continuous Aus- jfcrian entrenchments, which reacn up north- ward to the neighbourhood of Buczacz, and follow a line nearly north or south. At the Mme time, or immediately afterwards, an other separate offensi ve of the Russians VI- war ds Bucza-cz developed. At the moment of writing these two offensives in the south have become much the biggest part of the activity along all this southern portion of the Russian line. Each side claims com- paratively small numbers of prisoners. There has been a slight advance oi oux Allies along their two main lines of attack, ?t nothing in any way conchisive or de- Em,te has yet dove?? It is, porh?ps, not too much to suggest tht th l't' object upon the BuFri an -side of this MW oiten?iv?, which has thTM Suddenly attracted the attention of f Europe. te for the moment no more than to compel » corresponding concentration oi troops upon the enemy's 8i, and that ?dth an il-t quite as much political L? atrat?g"?. l'f we recollect how- matters stand in the Balkans; if we further recollect that Ru- mania is the great unknown factor, and that the Rumanian army woniild maike all the dif- farence to the immedia-te future of the earn paiÍgn one way or the other from the three factors of its position, its numbers and its freshness; if wie a-dd to aJI this a considera- tion of the main truth which evetry General Staff in Europe has first in ijiind—the enemv's anxiety in the matter of numbers- wv- snail see the purpose of such an offen- sive as Russia. has apparently undertaken, though perhaps only local-and temporary, upon the southern end of her line. Russia in Bessarabia threatens to some extent the enemy position in the Balkans. It is all very well to sa v that we do not be- lieve Rumania will allow a rnaxch through the Dobruja, or that no considerable Russian j forces are massed near the mouths of vthe Danube, but the mere fact that Russia. can ooncentrate there quickly keeps the enemy-- Bulgarian a.nd Austro-Gma.n-)n the watioh tma under the necessity of leaving troops watdbing the frontier. Meanwhile, alone- comparatively s hort lines of communication in Bessarabia., Russiar. forces can strike at or Threaten either end of the comparatively snort arc. The Rus- siam, by a vigorous offensive, or even by the mere massing of troops, can oompel con- siderable agglomerations on the part of the enemy. They can infliot wastage upon enemy nni-and he fears wastage now more than anything. But it is improbable that they can as yet advance seriously. Remember the condi- tions.
GRANDSON OF SIR JNO. I LLEWELYN. REPORTED WOUNDED BY I SHRAPNEL. GENERAL'S COMMENDATION I FOR PLUCK. Lieat. Vanables Llewelyn, of the Cold- stream Guards, the grandson of Sir John T. D. Lle~velyr. is in hospital "Somewhere in France," wounded in the face and the ngh? igh bj' rél pnel. Ha is fly 19 y:> of W-, and the Gene- ral of his Division has written to the Colonel ot the Battalion a lebter highly commending the yrair^; officer for his plucky work. espe- cially at night,, in reconnoitring the enamy's defences.
I MEMORIAL AT PORT EYNON. I FOR THE DROWNED LIFE- I BOATMEN. At a meeting held at the Swansea Coal Excfaangr?, at which there were present Messrs. C. B. Jenkins, Harold Perkins, Lieut. John Hodffena, Messrs. D. Stanley Owen, J. rVimminga Evans, H. S. L. Cook, F. Beddoes Nash and Arthur D. Perkins, the following resolution WW! pa-d. A few old friends of the late coxwain of the Port Eynon lifeboat hore ga,thered to- gether desire most sincerely to express their deep personal loss in the deaths of Mr. William (Billy) Gibbs, Mr. William Eynon and Mr. George Harry, and ask the relatives to accept t eir heartfelt sym- pathy with them in their great bereave- ment. It was also resolved to appeal for funds to erect at Port Eynon a, suitable memorial as a. permanent record of the unsurpassed bravery and devotion to duty of the de- ceased and of the surviving members of the lifeboa-t crew. Mr. A. D. Perkins, 1, Belle Vue-street, Swan- sea, was appointed hOi. secretary and trear surer, and he will officially acknowledge donations for the object in view.
THE WATCH D'OG. I FRENCH CANINES ON SENTRY GO. The following picturesque account appears U1 the "Figaro of one of the dogs used by the Frethch for sentry purposes. A -mail post seahtars y Curn poses. A small post has been establiahed at a sharp turning. It is tpoken of as the Dog Post, as dogs mount guard there. The ant- mal on duty is called Portos. He is of me- dium size, curly-haired, with long silky ears, and great grey eyes, with a red tongue that as it hang? out looks like a slice of ham. Every night a soldier brings him to his post, a sort of rock, well hidden, out out of the marl. When night comes Portos sits by the side of the two sentinels and watches. Wild and excitable when off duty, he is just as attentive a.nd serious w hen on guard. It is no good trying to pat him. Nothing can dis- tract his attention, and he seems to know the Dart he nla-vs in the Quadruple Entente. 4 W A Keen Sentinel. He listeria with his long ears pricked up, 1 tries to pierce the darkness with his large grey eyes, sniffs every breath of air with abated noftril?. If there i Mythmi? nn- usual he gi ves a low grow l to attract a aeotinel. He is no partisan of Kultur, and unquestionably hates the Boches. But as day dawns Portos, despite himself, becomes mere of a d- g. keeps glancing at the btit where his master sleeps, and only a sign is necassarj. for him to lOrY "good-bye" to hie comrades who shave the night watch with him and to jump off his rock in a. state of the W1>et joy. jrtr mm mmmmm— I ——
COST OF PRINTING. The cost of the bare naccessaries cf life I has now moved op. the Board of Trad e statisticians tell U8, by over 50 per cent. The cost of all commodities has followed suit, and the pinch has long been felt by ail who minister to the necessities and the luxuries of life. The printing trade, for one, can be^r the pinch no longer, and the Federation of Master Printers, which repre- sents the printing industry of all the four kingdoms. has just issued a notice pointing out the necessity for advancing prices for printing. Materials, t is said, %re uncertain in supply and enormously increased in price, the beet men have gone to fight, and nearly all the men of military age are attested and waiting to be called up, and none of the occupations in the printing trade have been renewed. Printers' pnees must an up, longer time m?t. be gi^en for the execution o? orders, ? end it ia almost impossible to give aeti- J 'to?i? o? avt in advance j
I GERMAN COM- I MANDER IN PKKSIA. A COMICAL PLIGHT. PETROGRAD, Thursday. According to reports from Teheran the vTPrnians a.nd Turks have assembled a local army of 120,000 men, mainly recruited from Luristan. German instructors have been A?rkmg over these recnht?, whos.e fighting nMu.e has been enhanced by a stiffeumg of 20.COO Turkish ??.?kans. Ann and ?uip- i(ieni. are being entirely provided by Get- ori,iii-al plan alleged was to r) t 11 re Teheran and the oh ah, the one poli- tical institution which has a.ny real value in Persia, and thence to march upon the Rus- sian frontiers. A certain force was like- wise to be despatched to India, gathering .strength as it advanced. Th'« was. practically Alexander the Great's manner of conquest of the East, and it. might succeed now as it did two thousand years ago, provided another Alexander of Macedon were forthcoming. Prince Henry of Reuss appears even les? qualified for the role than his ambiticus master. The latest reports declare that his I hopeful army has practically mad43 a hostage of him At Kermanshah. where they are holdim him, and in particular the large sums of gold in possession of the German agent, until they see how matters are going to turn out. German promises have not been very accuraiteJy fulfilled up to date, and the ttri bowmen, with Oriental astuteness, are preparing for either event.—(" Morning Pest.") WAIT AND SEE: I CALCUTTA, January 4t.b. The General commanding in Mesopotamia has telegraphed that, in certain eventualities a demand for a, railway staff will be made. I t, is understood that. drivers and guards will be required, and the Great India Peninsula Company has already notified its employes that they will be permitted to vol unteer. The General's announcement is regarded as a hopeful augury that before j long the sixty-mile Baghdad section of the Baghdad line winl 1 working under British auspices.—(" Morning Pokt,)
WRECK OFF 'COMBE. I STEAMER'S CREW RESCUED BY ROCKET. The steamship Newtown, of Cardiff, 640 tons, went ashore in a thick fr>g near Monk Point, early nn Friday morning. The Tlfraoombe lifeboat was launched, but before its arrival the crew of 18, in- cluding Capt. J. Reee, had been rescued by rocket apparatus. Half a gale was Wowing at the ti me. The vesse l was going to pieces during the afternoon.
I ACCIDENT IN 1913. I I SWANSEA PAINTER'S LINGER- ING ILLNESS. The Deputy Borough Coroner (Mr. E. Glyn Morris) held an inquest at Swansea on Fri- day on the body of John Wm. Middleton Atkins, of 14, Maxlborough-road, Swansea. Albert J. Atkins, a brother, said deceased was 44 years of age and worked as a jour- neymon painter with his father, who is in business. He sustained an accident on the 13th May, 1913, and received injuries to his spine. He had been working on a ladder at a house in Grosvenor-road, Sketty, and one of the rungs breaking, deceased fell about 12 feet. He had been in the hospital for eight months, leaving there in January of 1914. He suocumbed at his nome on Thursday last. Archibald Gronow, 11, Olarenoe-etreet. a painter, was working with deceased when the accident occurred, and gave corroborative evidence. Dr. Rawlings stated that he had been at, tending the C ^ceased, who died as a result of septio infection through his having had to remain- in bed with a fraotured spine. The Coroner said it was a straight-forward ca-se, and the jury brought in a verdiot of "Accidental death" acoording to the medioal evidence.
£8 WORTH OF MATCHES SERIOUS THEFT CHARGE AT SWANSEA. At Swansea on Fridav, Thomas Smith and James Quirk, ship's firemen, and Edward Green and John Day, trimmers, wei-j charged, with stealing a CaISe of Blue Cross safety matches, value £ 6, from near B warehouse, King's Dockj Swansea, the property of Mr. Sidney Watkins, on January 5th. P.O. Llewellyn (Harbour Police) said that on Thursday three other men were purged for a similar offeree, and were remanded until Monday. At 11.40 on Thursday he visited a boat, accompanied by Detective, Barry, and the four defendants were picked i out from amongst 30 other men. When told j bv witness he was going to take them into iCustody, they made no ùply, ,and also when charged they made no reply. Wit- ness applied for a remand until Monday, which was granted. ■ ——
I STOPPED THE TRAIN. I LLANELLY BOILERMAKER II FINED. A Llanelly boilermaker, George Turner, charged at Hereford Police -Court with stop- ping the North to Cardiff night express, was fined £ 3 lis., including ccsts. It seems that a number of soldiers, due to rejoin their regiment, were in the train, laud that defendant accused them of steal- ing his purse. He pulled the cord, and de- layed the exprsss nine minutes at Leomin- 1 I ster. The soldieri were advised to go to the police station to be searched, and there it j was discovered that defendant himself had the purse. Turner told t! ■= Chief o,n.etable that he w<i,s returning to Sheffield after the Christmas holidays to do Government work. Owing to the delav the train missed the down main connection at Bristol, and pas- sengers were left to iass the early morning jiours at that station. Turner now said he made a mistake; he put his purse in the wrong pocket.
I HORSE FEED FROM GLYN-NEATH. I I HIRWAIN SUB-CONTRACTOR FINED. I At Neath on Friday, Charles Williams, a sub-contractor, living at Hirwain, was charged tfittt stealing 561bs. cf horse "feed," valued at 6e., the property of the British Rhondda Colliery Company, Glyn Neath. om December 17th. Mr. W. A. Leyshon prose- cuted, and Mr. Edward Powell defended. Mr. Leyehon said that owing to r.he leas of provender he kept observation, and on the 17th nit. he saw defendant's ,rrt in the road 3rd looked in it He then found two sacks of "feed" in it. Tie questioned the defendant about it. and Williams sa.:d at first that, he ■picked it up near the manger, and after- wards stated that his driver took the "feed," but. he had sacked him. John Evans, manager of the colliery, gave eDdecne in 8UPport of Mr. Leyshon's state- mentn. He knew that defendant wa? the hœnsee 01 the Roya? Exchange Inn, Hirw?in. Defiadant was the gub-oontractor for surface work at the colliery. Deferdant Offered witness LS not to report the matter. He Relieved that defendant did this because he was afraid of his license. Defendant denim taking the "feed." but said that his driver. Jones, picked up the "feed" under the manger and put it in the oart. When he heard about it, he dismissed j Jones at once. He offered the manager £5 because he was afraid of his license. Defendant, was fined or 25 days There was a similar summons against Ernest Hale, head ostler at the British Ehendda Colliery, pf c+osLHrLg 281bs. 0 horse value 3a.
PEEPS INTO PAST AND FUTURE. A HUNDRED YEARS HENCE. We hear a lot of talk about old Swan- sea," said my mate from the trawler. but what about the new Swansea, that's what we all want to look forward to? You don't expect a new town in your tiiiie? I asked, tapping my pipe upon my heel and looking up at the silent Exchange clock dial. For if you do yon won't see t. Towns are not like mushrooms, however much they are supposed to be. And with a new Swansea. of the future the people will be ju.st the same." Yes, I suppose if we came back after 100 years we should be mixing with just the same types. Some with and more without, money being the dividing line between the goats and the sheep." People," I replied, do not alter in type in centuries, and if is most probable t h. the people in Swansea, 500 years ago, would pretty exactly correspond with those to-day, though habits and customs olli(i be different, and they would be differently clothed. The clothing would be rougher and coarser; beards then would be more general (shaving is a gpmparatively modern iuxurv for the masses of the people); round caps and plaits would be seen more on the heads the women folk would certainly then wear shawl? more, a.nd tb<> children would 00 distinguished more by the smock type of clothes, with probably more bare feet." Swansea, has <baasred since thoh-P times? I Echoes of the Past. I ) 3s and no. The town sprung from a, little fishing village though the early Nor- mans Boon yaw its strategic importance as the key to (wer wherein unruly briber were frequently at war. Have you ever seen that miniature cemetery at Parkmill. where the bones of hundreds lie, having probably beaten one another to death with clubs and stone hammers? The division line in Gower i ne I.- i i (-,o.wer to-da<y is clearly defined by Cefn Bryn. Gates were erected, one at the end of Castle- street and High-street, another in Wassail- square, with the postern by the Castle. The town grew by degrees, but up to 80 years ago it had altered little from the 13t,h cen- tiiry. Why, Councillor Protheroe's mother, who died only a few years ago, remembers a woman sitting beside a little round table in the middle of TempJe-street (by Ben Evans' corner) and selling her wares." "But what about the Swansea of the future?" asked my mate, apprehn-'ive of 9 o'clock approaching. "I don't expect you will see great. changes for fifty years," I replied. People who leave the town and come back in ten Vears can always see more changes than those who have never stirred from the place, but you must remember that things that haven't really altered look as though they had by, reason, perhaps, of a new building near by, or a small street widening by. Towns grow like individuals, slowly; you can't say when a lad reaches manhood and you can't say when a town alters. But it does. High- street to-day has only a few buildings it had 100 years age. You can't imagine the old low thatched cluster of shops round about the bottom of the present High-street, with the eaves so low that a tall man cculd touch them COIlId .? The Town Wall and Town Ditch. I And wasn't there the town wall then?" "There was; it ran round Watertoo- street to the churoh, and probably across back into Wind-street, with the town ditch where Salubrious-passage now stands—henoe its title. But this is old Swansea. As to the new, I should expect many things in a, hundred years from now." "The streets would be the same?" Certainly, the present streets are the old winding paths—grown, of course—of a thou- sand years agp. The Nea-th-road and the Carmarthen-road, High-street and Wind- street, are pitted with the marks of mules when ooal used to be brought on pack-horse to the sailing craft at the docks. This is comparatively modern. Picture your I)ow-V men, and before them your axe-men, in search of fruitful fields by an ah un oa.nl water supply always readv to figtht and wrest from the earth's lair po; ess ions. They came along the formation of the pre- sent main streets. Note the G. W.R. line to the west of Swansea; it practically fol- lows the old Norman load, and the latter was super-imposed on tho native winding paths. "Swansea's streets axe proverbially nar- row?" are, with very small pavement accommodation, and this at once strikes strang ers. It seems to suggest a not over large population previously, and an absence of considerable traffic. You wdl find much larger pavements in the future, wherever possible. I think you will see, say this time next century, a great boulevard stretching through College-street, Gowor-street, North- ampton-piace a.nd St. Helen's-road to the Sands. Tiiii wiiVi be widely paved, with all the gardens and forecourts in the way thrown m, and prooably the congested parte of those thoroughfares set back con- siderably. What about Oxford-street?" "I should not be surprised to see the boulevard I have mentioned taking premier place. I don't think oxford-street will see great changes, though the Market dead walls will all be shops, with, perhaps, a great meeting hall, which Swansea so badly needs, on its site. The seashore will have largely been improved." i The -Mumbles Road, How can you get over the L. and N. W. Railway?" By bringing it in a tunnel, which it would dip into just out of Victoria Station, emerging agctin just beyond Mumbles-road station. The municipal centre will be gathered round the civic buildings in Vic- toria Park, where you will see a fine pavilion. And a pier at the lip?" "I don't think so what is the good of a pier with such a dead level at low water? No, you will find all the Mumbles-road (on the land side) built upon, through Blackpill and West Cross, and the Singleton Estate will be given over to villadom. There will be fine roads leading to the Sands, and the; Swansea Pier will have had some part of its old-time popularity restored. Town Hill will, of course, have developed into a. model city, with tramways capable of carrying horses and carts on platforms. We shall have even more cinemas, but these will be largely for instruction purposes for young and old; people will wonder then why we didn't in the great war seek to understand the situation better by studying giant maps at public places with dissertations upon the prominent movements. And then along by the present Swansea Bay Station you .will see a great open swimming bath, and at the Mumbles you will see the tra.ms running over the centre of a luxuriant boulevard, while at Langland there will he permanent chalets j run by the District Council for use of visitors in both sunshine and winter." The Heart of the Town. • As to the centre of the good old town? You will find Wind-street ranking next to Castle-street for architecture, and you wiill find the rookeries around the Parish Chiireh still further swept away, with a good alioce that people ran have free access to arid plenty of sfats. You will find, too. m the centre o; the town, llumhel's of flats, arranged conveniently in buildings wtUeh will be ornamental and have a great deal in common—heating, a 'antral kitchen, etc. There will be an imposing now G.W.R. station, mowd slightly further away from High-street, allowing a great street improve- ment between the Paiaoe, stretching to the lower part of High-street, by Lewis's cor- ner. Carmarthen-road and Neath-road will by then have been rebuilt very iarjrely, thero wiD be ? bridge in pla?e of the ferry across from the Hafod to Cpper Bank, and the great banks at L:mdore and Pentrechwyth I have been swept away h?Ving b?cn rendered commercially profitable for use. Pkamarl's broad highway wiiil have extended into Swansea."
THE COFFEY COOLER. 1 \(? York, irnd»y.-—rrain- Mor-m today- knocked out Jim Coffey in the ninth round.
I COMPULSION BilL. — ￼ TEXT OF THE MEASURE- THE "CONSCIENTIOUS OBJ EGTOR." The .Malitory fiervioe (No. 2) Bill was j issued as a Parliamentary Paper on Friday. It iis erut.itled, "A Bill to make provision with respect to mjilitary service in nonnec i tion with the present wa/r. Giauise 1 reads :—-Every male British sub- ject. wtio on August 15th, 1915, was ordi- narily resident m Great Britain, and had attained the age of 18 years, and had not attained the a^ e of 41, and was un- married, or was a widower without children dependent upon him, shall, unless within fohe e» eptioriis set out in the first schedule to this Act, be deemed as from the. ajprpointed da to to have been duly attested in his esty s ltegiular Forces for general oor- v.iJi)t3, with the colours or in the Reserve, for the period of the war, and to haw been forthwit,h transferred to the Reserve. The Army Act (with the exception of Section 96 thereof, which relates to the claim of mast-ere to apprentices) and the Reserve Forces Acts, 1882 to 1907, and any I orders and ragiuilatioais made thereunder shall apply accordingly to ai)iv man who is so (ieemed to have been enlisted and trans- ferred to the Reserve, and if any question anises in any legal proceedings under any of those Acts, orders oc regulations, wthertih er any man is a man who is under this section deemed to liaav been en.Bisted and transferred to the Reserve or not, the Court may require the man to give evidence on the question, and if satisfactory evidjowe is not given to the contrary the man shall be <:> Deemed to have been so enlisted I and transferred. Provision shall be made und er Section 20 of the Reserve Forces A!(I,, 18&2. for in- form,a,t,ion beimr obtained from mem who axe transferred to the Reserve under this Section ae to preference for naval service in cisa their services are needed for that purpose. (is) An application, may be made at eny time brfore the appointed date to the Mili- tary Service Tribunal established under this Act. by or in resnpetrt of any man or class. or body of njen, for a certificate of esxefmjption from the provisions of this Act on the ground that it is expedient in the national interests that he or they should instead of being employed in military service be engaged in other work, or on the ground tha.t the man by or in respect of whom the application ds made has any person dependent on him who, if the man was called up for Army service, would be without, suitable means of sub- sistence, or on grounds of ill-health or infirmity, or on the groun d of I Conscientious objection I to tine undertaking ot combatant service. Certificates of exemption from the provi- sions of this Act may also be granted by any Government Department after consulta- tion with the Army Council to men or classes or bodies of men in the service or employ- ment of that Department or to men or classes or bodies of men employed in any work which is certified by the Department to be work of (national importance and which comes under the sphere of the Depart- ment. If any question arises whether any person or body of persons' is to be treated as a Government Department or as a separate Government Department for the purpose of this provision or whether any work oomes within the sphere of one Department or another, the question shaill be referred to the Treasury, and the Decision of the Treasury thereon shall be final. For the purpose of this section any certificate of exemption may be absolute, conditional, or temporary, as the Authority by whom it was granted tninks best suited to the case, and in the case of an application on conscientious grounds may take the form of Exemption from combatant duties wily. The Military Service Tribunal shall be constituted, with the provisions of the id schedule to this Act, and any decisic,;i o the Military Service Tribunal shaJJ be subject to ap- peal, a? provided in ,Iiat ??hl-dl'. A mrtificat,? of exemption may be reviewed by the authority by whom it was ¡ granted at any time on application cither of the holder of the certificate or of any person generally and specially authorised for II the purpose by the Army Council, and may he withdrawn or varied if the authority are of opinion that in the circumstances of the case th3 certificate should be withdrawn or varied. It shall be the duty of any man holding sudh a certificate if tlie circumstances which 100. to the granting of the certificate are changed, to give notice to the authority mentioned in the certificate that the circum- stances are to be changed, and if he fails to do so he shall be liable on summary convio- tion to a fiaie not exceeding £ 50. Where a certificate of exemption ceases to be in force owing to the withdrawal of the certificate or failure to comply with the con- diitions on which the certificate was granted or the expiratioit of the time for which the certificate was granted, the man to whom the certificate wa.s granted shall a-s from the date on which the certificate so ceases to be in force, be Deemed to have been enlisted and tiansfeared to toÜe- reserve in the same manner as if no ruck certificate had been granted. If for the purpose of obtaining a certificate of exemption any person makes any false statement false r aprewentartion he shall be liable on snnunary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exoeeding six months with or without hard labow. Where an application has been made by or in respect of any ma-n for a Certificate of exemption he shall not oe caaiea up ior service with the colours, until the applicaition has been finally disposed of. (4) This Act may be cited as the Military Service Act, 1916, and shall ooune into operation on such day as his Majesty may fix by proclamation, not being more than 14 days after the passing thereof. The ap-i pointed date for the purposes of this Act shall be the 21st day after the day on which this Act comes into operation. Two schedules are attached to the Hill, I be.iniz as follows :— Exceptions. Men who are resident in lireat liritam for the purpose only of their education or for some other special purpose. Men who are members of his Majesty's regular or reserve forces, or who are mem bers of the territorial force and liable for foreign service. Men who are serving in the Navy or the Royal Marines, or who, though not serving in the Navy or Royal Marines, are recommended for exception by tho Admiralty. Men who at the date of the passing of this Act were in Holy Orders or regular ministers of any religious denomination, Men who hold a certificate of exemp- tion under this Act for the time being in force or who have offered themselves forl enlistment and have been rejected since the 14th day of August, 1915. -t ￼ of 91 The second schedule consists of the following constitution of tribunals:— There shall be a Military Service Tri- bunal for e,;}.r h local ro^st, ration district under the National. Kejcistraiion Act, 1915, n 'treat nntrfwn, or tor any atvwon of any I such district which may be adopted for the 1 purpose bv the Registration Authority of the of such persons, not d L:r l T ll ,(-.1 less than five and not. exceeding 25 in num- ber, as may be appointed for the pUTpose by that authority. There .I',h3..1,1 be Appeal Tribunals arting within such as his Majesty may appoint, consisting of such persons as may be appointed for the purpose by his Majesty. Tribunals may act through committees appointed by them consisting wholly or partly of members of the Tribunal. There shall be a Central Tribunal in Great. Britain, consisting of such persons as may be appointed for the purpose by bis Majestv. who may, by Order in Coun- cil. make regulations with respect to the JCAOntmuad pt. Foot of Next Cohuma.)
HER CREW WAS THIRTEEN! [RESUMED INQUEST AT PORT TALBOT. The mquest was concluded at the Police Station, Jersey Marine, on Friday afternoon, before Mr. M. L. Thomas, on the body of George Harry (45), one of the three Port Eynon life boatmen drowned off the Gower ooast in the recent gale. Mr. F. Le BOll- ianger, the Mumbles and Port Eynon Life- boat secretary, and Lieut. Commander Mac- lean. R.N.R., (liatrict inspector of lifeboats, were present. George Eynon, the principal witness, who was not present the previous day, said he had no notice to attend the day before. The Coroner Two witnesses say you were advised to attend. The jury and the officers had to attend, and had it not have been he had not been very well he (the coroner) should have had something to say about it- Eynon said he had 38 years sea. experience, and was coaat patrolling at present. The disaster happened on New Year's Day. Wit- ness was called by the coxswain and asked if he would go with the crew to a vessel off the coast. The Coroner Are you one of the regular crew,No, Have you been in her before?—'Several times when I have been home from sea- How many were yrni when vou were ready ? -Thirtoe,n altogether, a-tl had oilskins and lifebelts qji- Was t-he boat aill right that day?—Yes. Proceeding, witness said they went out at 10.30 a.m., William Gibbs (aged 66) being the coxswain, who had had great experience, being enga-ged aJmost since ohildbood. They were trying to get at a steamer lying under- neath Pwlldu. "We raii up with a side wind till we got to Oxwiah Point. We went along quite comfortable, though there was a rough sea. running. The boat was going along nice and dry. At Dxwich Point we steered straight before the wind for the steamer (a.s Dunvcsan, of Glasgow). We got to the ship and let go the anchor about 400 yards before we got down to her. We hailed the steamer, and they did not answer. We R.k ed of they were in distress. Receiving no answer and finding she was* I Dragging her anchor, we picked up in order to oome round again. The Coroner: They had sent .signals to you, Witness They wanted a, tug from what I have heard. I did see. two men there. Any idea how long before you got to the ship from leaving Port Eynon ?- itness: About 46 minutes- N?7-hen ,ou i When you got back to the ship the second time did they say anything?—We could not get back, wind and sea being too heavy. We agreed then amongst ourselves we wodd go to the Mumbles. Proceeding, witness said; We proceeded under sail in the same way unts the sea capsized the boat. We were Turned upside down. One man went round in the boat. The boat righted again, and we all got back, except two missing (William Eynon and George Harry). The Coroner Did you do anything after righting the boat? Witness: We could see no signs of the two floating and we could do nothing. You went" then to the Mumbles?—Yes, with our oars. Ten minutes after we started again she oapsized again. Who took Eynon's place?—We got alonig as best we couM with our oars. It was a case of all pulliing and working. And within ten minutes you oapsized again?—Yes. It was another heavy sea, and William Gibbs was missed then. Wha.t happened afterwards? -We dropped anchor then and stayed there the nigiht until the morning (Sunday). We could do nothing. We had no lights, rockets, or amv thine. I Everything being washed away. How long did you stop there at anchor:— Until 7.30 on Sunday morning. You then got to the Mumbles?—-Yes. And all pretty well exhausted?—Yes, all exhausted. You know George ITArry?-Yos, ho.,w" my brother-in-law, and I lost a brother as well, I am sorry to say. As a matter of form was Harry perfectly sober?-—-Yes he was a man who never took anything. Everything was in orde: A—Everything. Wind and sea are the only things to account. for it. There is no neglect on anyone's part, at all. How long was it from the time you started to the time she first capsixed?—She capsized first about 3 o'clock or 3.30, and the second time about a quarter to four. By Mr. Le Boulanger lifeboat secretary) The boat righted herself. When Gibbs was lost witness took charge. The steamer's flags were flying but they looked black to him. A flag was flying half-mast. Mr. Boulanger: Was it her ensign? Witness I could not say. Why did the anchor drag?—The sand is soft and she was jumping. A great deal of praise is due to the witness for what he did. He kept his boat's head to sea dragging her anchor, added Mr. Le Boulanger. The men were exhausted and they had lost three hands By Lieut. Maclean The ground all round (by the ship) was not good nolding sand, lotherwis9 she would have held. You found she was dragging and you wanted to beat back to the stapjner.'—Yes, we had three reefs and a lug on. We were about a mile off the shore. The tide turned!- Yes; it was high 4a.,ter about one o'clock. We had to keep sail to keep her off the shore. You oould not carry more sail ?—No, she could not carry anv more sail. The Coroner How many men are there generally in the lifeboat' Witness Thirteen is the full complement. Were they all experienced men?— Y es, air. By a juryman The lifebelts would keep the men floating. Lieut. Mac loan said the lifebelts were guar- anteed to keep 281bs. afloat (a man's weight in the water) for 48 hours. > The Coroner said the facts were very short, and he was sorry that his first visit as coroner to Jersey Marine was associated with a disaster. He spoke in high nraise of the Heroism of the lifeboat men, men who were always ready to risk their lives to try and save others. Everything was in order and all the men were of experienoe. It was apparent that very heavy seae capsized the boat; it was one of the things that heroes were called upon to um,dergo under the circum:#ances. The only verdict they could return was, "Found drowned. The jury agreed. 'Lieut. Maclean said he expressed the deep sympathy of the Lifeboat Institution; he hid already expressed his sympathy with the relatives. After cwtferring with the men saved, the men behaved heroically. After each occasion there was no panic; whatever, and those getting in the boats helped the others. Each widow would get R,100 and each dependent child would get b25, and the institution would act, more generously if the money only allowed them to do it. Mr. Le Boulanger said in all probability weekly allowances would be made to the widows and the children until the latter reac h ed fb years of age. Two an-d a, boat hook belonging to the Port Eynon lifeboat have been picked up on the Swansea bca-oh. N ither of the ot.h^r two bodies has yet been recovered.
THE ccDAILY POST" TOURNAMENT. NOTABLE CROWD AT I THE EMPIRE. The ancient gladiatorial displays in the great amphitheatre of Rome could not have excited more interest, than did the monstre boxing tournament in aid of the "D;.ily Post" War Prisoners' Fund, at. the Swansea Empire, on Saturday afternoon. There was an immense "house"—packed t > the doors- and .it is no exaggeration to say that never before has so much money been taken for a single performance as on this occasion. Every available ticket had been sold days ago, and yet people were actually outside the "Daily Post" offices as early as seven o'clock on Saturday morning in the hope of securing the necessary passport., whilst large sums offered for seats that came to hand by the first post had to be returned. Nor was the interest confined to Swansea. Pte. Billy Rowlands, of the 23rd Regiment (the crack Welsh fly- weight) was matched against Jimmy Wilde (the world's champion) in a 20 round con- test for a purse of 50 guineas. This was but one of the many "star" turns. And by the kind permission of the officer commanding, the regimental band and 100 of the men came down bv SDecial train from Porthcawl
Band of the Pioneers," 1 he line ban d gave selections prior to the commencement of the pro- gramme, and Private Rowlands' other comrades in khaki occupied seats in the top balconv. Contingents from Away." I Dig contingents of spectators trom Cardiff, the Rhondda, Neath, Port Talbot, Swansea Valley and Llanelly were also pre- sent to witness the tournament, and thereby, 9 wit-h the townspeople of Swansea, help forward our most deserving fund. En passant, it may be said that the public have already contributed over LI,700 in eight months to the "Daily Post" War Prisoners' Fund, no less than 3,500 parcels of provi- sions have been sent to Germany, and liberal support is still needed, as E50 each week is the sum required to meet present demands. The Daily Post heartily thanks all who have given their support, and shares the regret t?at must have been felt by the huge audience at the Empire that the boys in exile, away from home and friends, and probably suffering untold hard- ships, were not privileged to witness the bumper performance arranged on their behalf. On a previous evasion we had the satisfaction of bringing down Bombardier Wells, amongst others, and now the pro- gramme included five of the most famous exponents of the noble art of self-defenoe known to the whole boxing world, all of them having held the Lonsdale champion- bind belt of Great Britain. A SALE OF PEDIGREE DOGS. I Outside the great boxing contests there I was another great draw" in the sale of three pedigree dogs, and this attracted quite l a crowd of fanciers. Mr. Steve Morgan, with his bulldog, Wooda Punch a descendant of "Champion Royal Stone" and "<?ra?ton Princess and a sure winner; Mr. Bob Messer, with his magnificent York shire terrier; and Mr. Edwin Evans, with his ohampion fox terrier, Lisan- go from" Oppidan" and Miss Mellor"-winiier of eight firsts, besides many second and third prizes-had, with commendable setlf-sacrifice, given these vary fine animals to the fund, and they were of- fered for sale in a similar manner to which I' Captain German' s bulldog was put up and sold for over £100 at the last boxing tourna- ment in aid of the "Daily Post's" efforts to cheer the prisoners of war in Germany. As on the last occasion the organisers of the whole affair were Captain J. German (Cardiff) and M. Llew. Hayward, the sports editor of the "Daily Post," assisted by Mr. John Jones, the hon. secretary and treasurer of the fund, and the tournament officials were :—Referee. Mr. Barnett, Evening Express," Cardiff; judges, Major: Anderson, Captain J. German, Capt. Hunt- ingdon. Capt. Partridge, Capt. Somerville, Mr. D&n Ratcliffe, J.P. and Aid. DaVidl' Da vies (editor of the South Wales Daily post"); M.C:. Mr. Mew. Hayward; time- keeper, Mr. W. Doherty, Swansea. During the bustle and excitement that al- ways accompanies a great even+ the Swansea I Sea Scouts (under Scoutmaster Brown), to- gether with Empire officials, kindly placed at the disposal of the fund by Mr. Richard- son, the esteemed manager, directed the spectators to their seats, and a bevy of spocta,tors Í<) t.heir seat< and a bevy of' charming young ladies, attached to The I Other Dept." Company, now at the popular house, sold pretty buttonholes, supplied by Kitley's floral establishment, and also cigar- ettes, all to swell the proceeds. The revue conductor also wielded the baton in varied selections. Just as the curtain went up it wag observed that the Mayor (Aid. Mer- rells) and members of the Corporation occu- pied the boxes, whist the Swansea docks- men, who have so liberally contributed to the "Daily Post" Fund. were present in force. The programme opened with a'bur- lesque by Barrett's boxing boys, and the great audience were at once put in much a-ood humour by the antics of the boys. C THE BOXING. The exhibition proper was then opened by W. Roesi and Corporal Richards, in a three- round contest. There was not a lot to choose between the combatants, though the soldier, lighter in build, was the smarter of the two, and in the first two rounds had most of the fighting. A change in the programme was now an- nounced, but it was a happy one, as Bill Eynon, of Merthyr, who knocked out his man at Liverpool a couple of nights ago, in the second round, faced Billy Beynon, of i Taibach, the ex-Lonsdale belt holder, instead ot Sergt. Percy Jones, of Porth, who had not turned up in time, but was present and would box later. It was a spirited bout, entirely devoid of clinches, and the comba- tants were evenly matched. The plaudits of the great audience next greeted the appe^ranc" of Sergt. Jim Dris- coll, ex-world's champion, who engaged in a splendid three-round contest with George Hatto (Cardiff), a new Welsh featherweight champion. The heavier man stood up well, and, of oourse, Driscoll had decidedly the bet- ter of it, both in attack and defence, and was game throughout without sweating a bair, as the saying goes. Hatto showed up well, under the circumstances, at times. The last of the exhibition encounters was between Billy Fanner (Brynmawr) and Sam Jennings (Dowlais), and in tlfis the latter I was the more aggressi ve and did not tire so much as his opponent. I w- THE P,15 PURSE CONTEST. The 15-round contest for a £5 purse waa then opened between Bat McCarthy (Pen- aa-th) and Alf Lang don (YstaJyfern). an d for t?us match Maior James, of the 23rd Welsh I ment, a.ud Captain German were the F.,e. There W3Æ not much to record in a., y way in the first round of this fight. In tihe second round Langdon narrowly missed ^ot- ting home a decisive upper-cut tihat sent. Mc- Carthy to the ropes. In a melee of body blows Langdon's long reach showed to advantage. McCarthy in the third and fourth rounds had the better of matters. Onoe or twice he landed heavy left-handers on Langdon's jaw. The Penarth man had most of the fighting in the fifth round, and Langdon once clipped on one knee hut he was soon up again. The sixth and the 7th rounds were fairly even. McCarthy twice landed heavily on the jaw with the left, and very nearh- knocked his opponent off his legs. ) The Ystalvfeira man, however, gave one oi* two swinging body blows with the right. ¡ Langdon opMted the eighth round p«ettily and gave se\'ral face blows in succession. Tn the ninth round McCarthy started with a swinging Wow, but up to now there was j verv little between the two boxers. ) The Ystalyfera man had decidedly the bet-I ter of the 10th round, and nearly knocked his man out in the 11th. and though Mc- Carthy put in some heavy punches yet he could not get inside Langdon's long and strong left. Rounds 12 and 13 were in favour of Mc- Carthy, who nearly had his man beaten, but the gong saved him. Hard figbting characterised the penultimate round, which fairly even. though rather in Langdon's favour. < •. A DRAW. The last round was McCarthy's, bat thf Ystalyfera lad throughout put up a splen- did fight, and it was announced that the judges disagreed and the verdict was «| draw. This also seemed the popular verdict. Sorat. Joliii-ny Ba-sham, welter-weight ch amnion, an exhibition contest in two bouts earlier in the afternoon, one with C'harlie Lucas, Taibach, and another with Dai Stock. The final exhibition match between Sergt. Percy Jones, of Porth, and Idris Jones, of Ammanford, was evenlv contested- SWANSEA"S -6 p- I S\ ASEA-:S-(jE-NEROf¡S DOCKSMEN. At this stage of the proceedings there was an interesting interval, when Alderman Dd. Davies, getting inside the ropes, announced, amid a.ppla.use, the result of Captain Ger- rnan r, efforts and the outcome of the laefc auction when the bulldog was sold, sayintf that from first to last the; animal had fetched oter L120. That gratifying fact was due ta the members of the Chamber of Commerce, who had shown themselves the finest body of generous men in Swansea. Alderman Davies added that something like JB500 had been takeu, which would go towairds providing about six weeks' food tOr the prisoners of war in Germany, He thought they would agree with him that the arrangements were excellent, and that the,y had brought together the finest collec- tion of boxers ever seen in Swansea. The organisers were Captain German and Mr, Hayward, of the "Daily Post," whilst Mr. John Jones, commercial manager, h8 treasurer; Mr. Richardson, of the Em- pire, and a gentleman of the Swansea Chamber of Commerce, who did not desire his name mentioned, was responsible for th* financial arrangements. THE DOG SALES. Handsome Animals Bealise Good Sums, The dog sa.les were then proceeded with- Mr. Steve Morgan' s bulldog was purchased by Mr. Crawford Heron, of the Castle Trawlers, for E 15 Mr. Edwin Evans' ter- rier went for £ 10 10s, to Mr. Thomas, Dyfatty-street; and a pure-bred collie dog, givon by Captain German, and not on the programme, was purchased for 93 by Mr. Crawford Heron. Mr. Morgan, of the Swan. sea Chamber of Commerce, bought Mr. Bols Meseer's Yorkshire terrier for JS5. Major James announced that Mr. Heron, who had purchased the bulldog, had proo sitted it to his regiment, the 23rd Welob.6 as a mascot. THE BIG CONTENT, JIMMY WILDE WINS IN SEVENTH ROUND. The 50 guineas purse 20-round contest was the next item. After sparring for an opening Jimmy Wilde set to work 111 earnest and time after time got the soldier straight on the no&e with the left. Jimmy then danced round his opponent 111 his own sweet style and landed both light a.nd left with the greatest ease. Once Rowlajids went down on one knee, and the i,eforee began to count' but the Wielsh lommy was soon' up again full of &gnt and showed rare pluck, but it w? seen he wa? no match for the skilled Jimmy Wilde, who was as- ouick as lightning. Round 2 was all in favour of the cham. pion, and Rowlands was down on one knee again, but still wa.s not counted out. In Round 3 Rowlands fought with spirit and got in a couple of body blows, but uould not penetrate Wilde's marvellous de* fence to do anything serious. Round 4 continued to favour Wilde, who found the jaw in quick succession, but some- times failed to a.vert Rowlands' oount-er-at. .tack. The soldier continued lightpluekily in Round 5 and gave a few uiêt: hooks but his opponent displayed such remarkable agiJity and ducked so trickily that severs punishment was out of the question. In the sixth round, Rowlands, who was fighting gamely, went down again on one knee, .tent did not get the cauut. lie.-MMO .d,va -Rgai-n in the 7th round, but was up | ;;g m on the count of nine, and received some nasty jabs in the tace, when the !dghb was stopped with ;? wi.n for Wilde. Alderman David Davit-i then put up for sale the two sets of gloves usd by the com batants, and they were ouicha ^d by j Councillor David Basett. "il. good old sport," as Alderman David Davies observed.
"VERY CREDITABLE THING." JUDGE'S PRAISE FOR LLANELLY DEBTOR. At Carmarthenshire County Court on Friday, Mr. T. R. Ludford, flanellr, who ap- peared in the case of David Killan Jones, Salamanca-ropd. Llanelly. adjudicated bank- rupt iti 1898. his liabilities being nearly JB780. applied for debtor's discharge subject to his paying his creditors in full. His abil- ity to pay now was the outcome of 18 years, hard work and rigid economy. His Honour suggested that the best oourse would be to have the bankruptcy annulled. Mr. Ludford: I am afraid that is not poa- sible unless he pays the interest as well, and that would double the whole amount. It is only by dii-I of hard work he has been able to do so well. His Honour: It j, a verv oreditable thins to do. The discharge was granted.
SWANSEA SOLDIER- HUSBAND'S BETRAYAL. WIFE "PICKS UP" WITH A DESERTER. SORDID STORY AT PONTY- POOL. I At Pontypool Police Court on Saturday, Ruth Griffiths, a young married woman, whose husband was formerly a dock labourer at Swansea, was brought up in custody charged with aiding and abetting un the con- ce-Liment of a deserter, Pte. Wilfred Davies, 5rd/6th Welsh Regiment. Mrs. Griffiths has been recently living at Canal-road. PontyPool, and the constable who arrested her said that when charged she re- plied: "I am a married woman and my hus- band is in France. I pioked up with Davies In Swansea in June; in August we came from Swansea. I have been living with him since. r. know he was a deserter, but was afraid to give information." Defendant (interrupting): "I didn't know he was a deserter. If I did I would have given him in charge." The police also-stated that defendant HAD BEEN RECEIVING A SEPARATION ALLOWANCE in reepeot to her husbaoid all the time she had been Jiving with Davies. De-feiadant promised to return to her sister in Swansea and was discharged. The Chairmam told her he did not think she knew the serious offence she was com- mitting.
BROWN-WILLIAMS. Interesting Llanelly Naval Wedding. On Thursday morn ing at St. Peter's Churc.) Llanelly, Mr. Jack Brown, H.M.S. Indomitable, who is home on leave, was quietly married to Miss -adys Williams, Hazeldene. Glenalla-rw Rev. D. Davies, B.A.. Vicar, officiated 'Pte. Tom Morris, Park street. (15th Welsh) was to have been best man,- but. recently left France. In his absence the Rev. H. Davies, minister of Glenalla Chapel, acted a, best man. The bride, who was charmingly atitired was given a 'ay by her father. Williams, sister of the bride, was b,-A, smaid. The honeymoon Will be spent in ,A.on. ——— J
MUMBLES LIFEBOAT I MUMS LIFEBOAT SLI ;I' TM new meooat slip ?? the M??tM. g which hm been !n process of construct ? ￼ ￼ years P?st. and is built of ;N.1 feM'O mneiete. under a new svstem, is n<? ??.?"T ?? ?'? a trial launch took P-?ce on Friday morning. The boat went <J?n a grad!ent of "ne in ave. ?nd was in t!M at? ill six 8ond8. the trié\J being oomplely j suoc JJ. &1 '.1,1 ,III
(Continued from r>re-edina column.1 procedure of the Military servioe Tribunals, the Appeal Tribunal, and the Central Tri- bunal. and so far as provision is not made for procedure by those regulations the pro- cedure of the tribunal shall be rtinh as may be determined by the Tribunal Aal, any person aggrieved by the decision of a Mih- tary Servii/ce Tribunal, and any person gen- erally or specially authorised to appeal from the decision of that tribunal by the Army Council may appeal against t.h43 decision of a Military Seryice Tribunal to the Appeal Tribunal of the area. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the Appaal Tribunal amd any person gener- ally or specially authorised to appeal from the dec) Man r 'that bv t,h*? Army C'?unci) mav by je<" ? the Appeal Tn- ^fcauial appeal ta the Centra Tri?uiud. j P-ppeal t o, the (?entral TzibunaJ. 1