8,000 MILITARY MEDALS. Mr. IT. W. Footer stated in the House of Commons on Wednesday that 8,000 mili- tary medals had been awarded in France since the decoration was instituted in March last. On an average :300 Distinguished Conduct Medals and 370 Military Medals are being awarded monthly.
TLe -Cambria Daily I Leader" gives later news than any paper published in this dis- trict.
CASTLE CINEMA (Adjoining Leader II Office). Thurs., Fri. and Sat., 2.30 to 10.30. LONDON'S ENEMIES, A Good, Stirring and Sensational Drama in Five Parts, featuring Percy Moran. His Father's Footsteps, A Two-Part Triangle-Keystone Comedy featuring Ford Sterling.
CANAL BURSTS ITS BANKS AURMIHC CLYDE FLOOD THREE FEET OF WATER IN DALMUIR STREETS T^ie Press Association Glasgow corre- spondent telegraphs:—Dalmuir, a. part of the Clydebank famous shipbuilding fentre, late on Wednesday night became the scene of serious floodings due to the Forth and Clyde Canal bursting its banks. A small leakage was discovered by a man strolling-along the bank, and by the time foe had summoned aid the breach had be- come alaaning. Great volumes of vater poured into the 1 ow 11, flooding several streets, one being covered over a distance of 400 yards to a depth of over three feet. Shops and houses were inundated and the tenants had to flee. Stocks of goods in shops and cellars were ruined. Car traffic became impossible, Illd foot passengers experienced difficulty. Women were carried on the backs of male friends. Horse-drawn lorries were utilised to ferry pedestrians. At the crossings men joined hands to avoid being swept off their feet. Several women fainted when they found themselves caught in the swirling waters. The main gate of Messrs. Beardmore and Co.'s shipyard was thrown open to give the floods an out- let to the Clyde. Locks at Bowling, a mile or .so westward, were also opened, and a section of the canal was allowed to empty itself into the Clyde. By 1 a.m. on Thursday the streets had become passable.
BY-ELECTION. — Result of the Poll at Bermce-I on-Tweed. The result of the polling in the Ber- wick-on-Tweed by-election was declared on Thursday, as follows:— Blake (Coalition) 3,794 Turnbull (Ind.) 621 Majority. 3,173 No Change.
FIGHTS IN THE AiR. Austrians Claim Ascendency Over Hostile Airmen. Wednesday's Austrian official (received Thursday) speaks of air raids by their own and opposition machines. The report Bays: On Monday night a squadron of sea- planes attacked Valona. Direct hits on a coast battery, barracks, camp, a. toro- fcouse, and on a ship were obtained. Sev- eral fires broke out. All our seaplane,, returned undamaged despite the violent anti-aircraft fire. On Monday morning. seven hostile seaplanes, mostly i reiich fighting aeroplanes, and covered by hos- tile torpedo units and motor vessels, which kept out to sea, attacked Trieste. Our aeroplanes ascended in pursuit. Naval Lieut. Banfield, in an air battle, com- pelled an hostile aeroplane to descend in the Gulf of Trieste. The occupants were probably wounded. Lieut. Banfield then pursued another aero- plane, which he brought down suddenly, near Miramar. The occupants were killed. We captured the aeroplane, totally smashed. Hostile airmen dropped several bombs on the port, but no noteworthy damage was done. So far as is known, persons were killed, one was severely %o I)er-,otis 1, I l.t d and another slightly injured.
GERMANS IN AUSTRALIA, Melbourne, Wednesday (received Thurs- clay).-A heated debate took place in the Victorian Legislative Assembly to-day, many members protesting against the em- ployment of Germans in State service. A discussion ensued on the question of abolishing the teaching of German in schools.
CHEAPER FLOUR. The price of flour in London on Wednes- day was officially lowered Is. to 55s. Wheat still maintains its high price, and at Romford (Essex) Exchange there was an advance of 2s. per quarter. In the Isle of Wight the best new wheat is now at £ 3 a quarter and old wheat at 65s. a quarter.
COMMISSION OF INQUIRY. It is officially announced that the Com- mission of Inquiry into the facts and cir- cumstances connected with the treatment, of Mr. Sheehy Skeffington, Mr. Dickson, and Mr. Macintyre upon and after their arrest will hold its first sitting on Wed- nesday, August 23, at the Four Courts, Dublin. Counsel for parties interested will be heard. I
KING AND BELGIAN QUEEN, j Hi, :lajC'stv the King, during his His Majesty the King, during h8 recent visit to the Belgian headquarters, decorated her Majesty the Queen of the Belgians with the Royal lied Cross (First Class). The Royal Red Cross was enlarged and divided into two classes by Royal warrant, dated November 10, 1915 It was provided that the decoration might in future Ix* conferred, not only upon ladies of the British Royal family, but also upon The Queens or Princesses of foreign countries who may have specially exerted them- selves in providing tor the nursing of the sick and wounded of torfligil armies and navies-"
SUGGESTED SUGAR SAVING. The following extracts are from a band-I bill headed "Use Loss Sugar," "The Need for Economy in Sugar is Urgent," issued bv order or the Royal Commission on Sugar Supply:—All sugar is imported. Whenever you eat sugar or goods contain- ing sugar, you are using the steamers and the credits that the nation needs to end and to win the war. Economy in the use of steamers helps to keep down the price of food. Why try to lay in stocks of sugar? Buy only small amounts and as seldom as possible. Don't be particular ir war time. If your grocer has not the quality you prefer, remember that the best goes to the troops. Won't you exer- cise the self-restraint which is the Key of Victory f
THREE LAOS BROWNED,I TWO SCHOOLBOYS PERISH WHILE BATH- ING AT LIMHENBY A SWANSEA FATALITY I A sad double bathing fatality occurred at Llwynhendy. near Llanelly, late on Wednesday night, when two lads, both about 12 years of age, were drowned in the Loughor River. The names of' the un-I fortunate lads are Emlyn Thomas and David Hichard Evans, both of Pa-rk-y- phil, Llwynhendy. The former was a son of Mr. John Thomas, iireman at Coeduke Colliery, and the latter was a son of Mr. Albert Evans, a miner, employed at the Glynea Colliery. The two lads, with two others, went to bathe in the river near Fenbryn Farm. There was a strong current running at the time, and the tide was a very high one. Ali,ei, being in the water for some time, it was noticed that the two lads were in difficulties and being carried out into the stream. For some time they were lost to view. A gallant attempt at rescue was made by a young man named Ewart James, who resides at Llwynhendy. James plunged into the water and struck out for Evans, whom he brought to bank. Artificial respiration wa-s tried for some time, but failed. A number of men searched the stream for the body of Thomas, but it was only on Thursday morning that this was recovered between the two bridges which span the river at Loughor. An inquest will be held on Friday. SWANSEA PIER TRAGEDY. I Borough Police Officer's Son I Drowned. Under extremely sad circumstances a fatality occurred at the East Pier, Swan- sea, on Thursday morning, at about 11.30, when Harold Price (aged 9) the youngest son of P.C. David Price, Swansea Borough Police, was drowned. In company with three or four lads of a like age, deceased went down on the Pier to play. While there, he noticed some drift-wood floating down with the tide, and told one of his companons, Alf Lewis, that he was going to recover it. With that intention, he climbed over the side of the lower' portion of the pier, and ignorng the ladder placed there worked his way down between the stays which support the pier. He had reached the water's edge, and was leaning over to grasp the piece of wood when he missed his foot- hold and fell well out into the river. Tne sentry, Pte. Cope, who was on duty. near the spot, at once gave the alarm, and Sergt Straight, who was in charge of the guard, was soon there with a num- ber of men. Dock constables arrived later, and grappling operations were be- gun. The body was recovered at 1.40 p.m. and conveyed to deceased's home at 23, Inker- man-street, St. Thomas.
FORGED £5 NOTES. I Sydney, Wednesday (received Thursday). —Two men have been arrested here for forging and uttering counterfeit J;5 notes. Further arrests are expected in Melbourne and Brisbane.
"BANK OF ENGRAVING" NOTE I The charge against John Mack and John Gainer of attempting to obtain two £1 postal ordfTs and tendering a Bank of Engraving" note was further heard at Clerkcnwell on Wednesday, and both men were discharged. Garner is nearly blind, and Mack explained that. the note must I have been given him while he was gamb- ling and drinking at a club.
BUCKFAST BENEDICTINES. The Home Secretary stated in the Com- mons on Wednesday that after inquiry it was decided, in consultation with the Chief Constable of Devonshire, that it was not necessary to remove monks of enemv nationality from Buekfast Abbey, but strict conditions had been imposed with regard to their movements. According to the Catholic Directory, Buck-fast Abbey, in Devonshire, is a Bene- dictine establishment, with the Right Rev. Ayscar Vonier, Ph.D., as Abbot.
CORPSE WITH HANDS TIED. On Thursday morning men going- to work discovered the body of a man lying face downwards on the bank of the river Usk at Newport (Mon.) His hands were drappedbehind his back. The tide was out at the time. The body was found near Liverpool Wharf, and a Spanish steamer was lying close by but no one was missing from the vessel -and no cries were heard. There were no signs of a struggle or robbery. The man's watch had stopped ai 10.30.
SAID HE WAS A POLE. I Bronislaw Zaroszeuski, a German waiter of 17 years of age, who stated that he came to this country a week before the war broke out, with the intention of stay- ing here for a week, was sentenced by Mr. Boyd, at the Marylebone Police Court, to one month's imprisonment and recom- mended for expulsion on a charge of fail- ing to register himself as a alien enemy. It appeared that he obtained employment six months ago at the Kensington Palace Hotel, De Vere-gardens, representing him- self as a Russian Polo, J^orn at Warsaw.
THE UNLOCKED POINTS. Col. Druitt, Board of Trade inspector, i held an inquiry on Wednesday into the railway accident which occurred at Bletchley on Friday, when the American boat-train from Euston came into collision with some empty coaches, one passenger being killed and 10 others injured. Evidence was given by Signalman C, Lavender, who stated that the signals were H off and clear for the express. It was an oversight that the points werè not locked against the shunting coaches on to the fast line.
THE PRIVATE'S JOY RIDE. I Herbert Parker, a private in the Royal Flying Corps, was remanded in custody at Chertsey on Wednesday, charged with breaking into a garage at London-road, Bagshot, and stenling a motor-car valued at < £ 270, 25 cans of petrol, four tyres, a quantity of sparking plugs, and other articles, valued at L"O. A police witness spoke to seeing accused driving a motor- car through Egham towards London. Eventually prisoner was apprehended and the tar recovered at Kirkham, in Lanca- shift j
EAST AFRICAN ViCTORY. I BRITISH FORCES TAKE ROAO JUNCTION AND A TOWN. TO-DAY'S SOUTH AFRICAN OFFICIAL. 1 The War Office makes the follow- ing announcement:— Telegraphing on Aug. 16, Lieut. General Smuts reports that on the previous day our forces advancing from the ISTguru Mountains reached, after overcoming slight opposition, the junction of the principal tracks leading to Mrogoro and Kiloffa. Our columns are now clear of the difficult hilly country, and in these directions, are separated from the central railway by only 25 miles of open steppe. Further west, Major-G-eneral Van de Venter having occupied Mpapua, has moved towards Kilowsa. On Aug. 15, the important Arab town and military coastal station of Vagamojo, 36 miles of Dar-es-fal- aam, was occupied by naval forces, A naval 4.1in. gun was captured.
ORGANISING GAINS. I No Attempt at Recapture on the Somme. TO-DAY'S FRENCH OFFICIAL. I On the Somme front the enemy did not make any fresh attempts dur- ing the night. Our troops are organising the cap- tured positions. The artillery struggle continues with special violence in the region to the north of Maurepas and in the sector of Belloy-em-Santerre. The night was calm on the rest of the front.
TRIMMERS DISPUTE. Resumed Conference at I Cardiff. MEN TO RESUME WORK. (From Our Own Correspondent.) I Wednesday's meeting of the Central i Trimming Board fneeting- at Cardiff rela-j tive to the Swansea c.oaltri miners'* dispute, was anything but satisfactory, and at the close of the deliberations, which lasted. till j 7.15, a settlement of the various points in I dispute were as far away as ever. HOPES NOT REALISED. I At the outset, we are informed, there were signs of an arnicable arrangement be- ing arrived at, Mr. A. W. Wynne sotting forth the case for the employers in that! clear, convincing manner for which he is! justly noted, and on the other hand Mr. Robert Williams (formerly of Swansea, and now of London) wa.s no less forcible in his defenee of the claims of the work* men. When the meeting adjourned for luncheon, however, these hopeful signs which were apparent earlier in the day suddenly seemed to have disappeared, and the visages of some of the representatives indicated that all was not going so satis- factorily as was earlier anticipated would have been the order of things. STRENUOUS ARGUMENTS. On the resumption of the proccedijngs after luncheon arguments on both skies were strenuously fought out with little conciliation displayed by either party, and it was eventually decided at 3.30 tha.t the meeting should stand adjourned till 7 j o'clock that evening, and that in the,, meantime both interests should consider the questions in dispute, endeavour to come to an ag, and subsequently report, to the Central Board. This was accordingly done, and after deliberating, I the parties mot .6ain at the hour men- tioned at the Climber of Commerce. The proceedir/;s, however, were exeeed- ingly brief, lasting only 40 minutes, when it was resolved that the conference should again be adjourned until 11.30 on Thurs- day morning. TO-DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. I CARDIFF, Thursday. The meeting of ihe Central Trimming Board in connection Math the Swanse-a coa ltrimmers' dispato was Ie81.llned under ,the presidency of Mr. Thomas Evans (Car- diff). Ihe .representatives who were, watching the interests of the employers and the workmen were present as on the previous day. AGREEMENT ARRIVED AT At 2.30 an agreement was arrived at br I which it was arranged that the whole of the dispute should, in the event of a decision not being effected at a meeting to be held at Swansea, be sub- mitted to arbitration, and that the men proceed to work forthwith. The agreement was signal by both parties.
ANZACS CONGRATULATED. Melbourne Thursday.—-Mr. Hughes has i cahl-ed on behalf of the Government and people of bli" Commollwe.alth hf\art:v con- gratulations to General Sir Geo. Bird wood and members of the Australian Imperial Forces for their brilliant successes at Pozieres, and in Egypt
TIMBER LADEN SHIPS FIRED Amsterdam. I day).—The fishing vessel Lotos arrived at Seheveningen to-day with 15 men, crews of the Norwegian barque Resfip and the schooner Freward, both laden with timber) and bound from -Norwegian ports to Hartlepool. Tho Bestip was set on fire by German submarine fire on Sunday, and the Freward was similarly destroyed the same day. The rews were handed over to the Lotos
GOODS FOR SWEDEN. Renter'- Agency learns that a Royal' proclamation is aboui to be issued pro- hibiting the exportation to Sweden of all. commodities not at present prohibited. At the same time the war trade depart-! ment will issue general licence allowi^o-j exports of such commodities to be made! 0.1 presentation to the customs of a Handelskommission guarantee in proper form. The idea is to prevent re-exporta- tion of goods from Sweden- I
ITALY'S VICTORIES DEMORALISED CARSO TROOPS WITHDRAWN Afil) fiEPLAGED THE HUNGRY ENEMY Milan, Wednesday.—After nine days' fighting the first and second lines of the entrenched Austrian camp on the Carso have been passed and the third has been broken at its northern extremity opposite Mount Sad Logem (writes Vr. Mario Borsa to the Daily Mail "). The Italian attack is being extended here in a gap of two miles towards Yeiiki liriba-ch. The Monfalcone sector near the coast is the pivot of the Italian manoeuvre and of the enemy's resistance. The Austrians tried to repair the breach in their third line by furious counter-attacks, but the nature of the Carso. itself begins to favour the Italians, for alt hough it does not help an advance it protects them against a return to the otlensive by the enemy. Sail Grado, on tne northern edge of the Carso, was won after a desperate defence. Firteen hundred Austrians who had ex- hausted their ammunition threw away their rifles and advanced towards the Italians bareheaded waving white hand- kerchiefs, and gave themselves up. The fighting continues against San Marco and San Gabriele in the Gorizia area, where the Italians are advancing in a forest which is one criss-cross of trenches and barbed wire, throwing their bombs and attacking with the bayonet. Austria has withdrawn the troops de- moralised by defeat from the Carso front and is hastily replacing them with men from the Trentino.. AUSTRIA'S CLAIMS. Wednesday's Austrian report (received Thursday) says:— In the Gorizia, region the enemy re- peated his violent attacks on our height positions east of the line Saleona-Vortojla, and near Oppacc Hiaselta. Almost every- where the attacks were repulsed by our fire, but at some places the Italians suc- ceeded in gaining a footing in our fore- most trenches. They were soon driven out by counter-attacks, so once more all our positions firmly remained in the hands of our troops, who inflicted severe losses on the enemy and took 480 prisoners, in- cluding a lieutenant-colonel and 6even other officers. Six machine guns and two bomb mortars were also captured. A battalion of Chas- seurs, Feldjarger No. 2, and detachments of infantry regiments Nos. 24 and 48, par- ticularly distinguished themselves in those engagements. Near Zagora an assault by some enemy companies was shattered on the entangle- ments of our positions. On the Dolomities front the garrison of our Rufreddo positions repulsed an attack after hand-to-hand fighting. After artil- lery and bomb mortar fire, weak detach- ments advanced against the sector of Monte Zebio and Monte Intervotto, but were easily repelled. PRISONERS' FARE. The following, from a message by Lord Northcliiie, is ail the more remarkable because of the strenuous denials his papers have offered to the suggestion that the enemy is economically embarassed:- On reaching the headquarters of this division at dawn I found a hatch of pris- oners captured in a midnight battle near a Dolomite summit drawn up in line. In contradistinction to the prisoners taken in the Gorizia battle, they were ragged and unkempt, tramps. The only decent thing ahout them were their boots and the stout mountain staff which each carried. The captors with soldierly generosity had shared their own soup with them— food such at;, the prisoners said, they had not tasted for six months. One had a lump of Austrian military bread. It is before me as I write. Dark coloured—not a healthy colour rye I)read-haxd to chew, soddeu to touch, evil to smell, it seems barely possible that it can sustain the strength of human beings in the coming terrible winter conditions of this moun- tain warfare.
WOLFF AGENT ARRESTED. Territet, Wednesday.—According to the Gazette de Lausanne," an agt'nt of the Wolff Bureau has been arrested on a charge of espionage. He came to Switzer- land in August 1911.
LORD KITCHENER'S "LIFE." The trustees of Lord Kitchener have asked Sir George Arthur, his private sec- retary, to write his biography. He is to have the assistance of Lord Derby. The book will be published by Messrs. Mac- millan and Co., Ltd
FOOTBALL FOR WAR FUNDS. The Football Association has decided that matches may now be played for war purposes and charity provided that the rjross receipts of the matches are paid over to the war funds or charities. The season proper iti England opens on Saturday, September 2. The Soottieh season starts next Saturday. j
30,000,000 POTS OF JAM. Mr. H. W. Forster informed Mr. I MacCallum Scott in the House of Com- mons on Wednesday that during the last was spent on jam for the Army. This means that the Army consumed about 30,000,000 pound pots of jam.
PLAGUE OF RATS. I With regard to the eases of bubonic plague reported from Bristol, believed to have been caused by an infected rat, the Medical Officer of the Port of London states that nothing has occurred in the port to warrant any apprehension. Rats are constantly been destroyed in the port in large numbers, the total killed from February, 1901, to the end of last year being 879,588. Last year 42,491 were ac- counted for, and. in addition, 2,953 were examined bacteriologically, but not one wa,s found to lie infected. In the previous year, when 42,916 rats were caught, and 2,716 examined, there was not the slightest j evidence of the plague. The entire cost of destroying the rats is borne by the ship- [ ownerp and dock companies.
I THE EISTEDDFOD. I TECWYN ON THE RIGHT PRAYER FOR CUR ENEMIES. I MORE ESSAY AWARDS I Aberystwyth, Thursday Morning. I Aberystwyth, Thursday Morning. The Gorsedd ceremonies, simple as pos- sible, in the Castle grounds, were wit- nessed by 6,000 or 7,000 people. Among (the interesting addresses de- livered, the most striking were those of Tecwyn and Mr. Llewelyn Williams, M.P. The former advocated keeping the home fires burning on the national altar till the boys come home, and described the fires a-s those of patriotism and liberty, without hate to other nations. Yet we could pray like the old minister, Lord, save their souls, but sink their ships." Mr. Llewelyn Williams' speech was a 'rousing Welsh review of the patr- ,);C".1! and bravery of the men 01 (Yalee, and especially of Cardiganshire in the days of Llewelyn. Dr. Mary Davies led the vast concourse in singing the Welsh and English National Anthems, then after a procession to the eisteddfod, proceedings there began with adjudications. The Rev. Dd. Davies (Penarth) was awarded the prize of £30 and the Eistedd- fod Association's gold medal for an essay on the" History of the Growth and Influ- ence of Welsh societies during the Nine- teenth Century." It was the only compo- sition sent in, but well deserved the prize. The same gentleman also won the i:10 prize for an essay on the Principle of Nationality, its Practical Importance and Power, with Special Reference to Wales." Mrs. Herbert Lewis presided over the ?morning proceedings, and was supported by Sir Francis Edwards. Mr. Lloyd George a8 expected to arrive at 3 p.m. and pre-I cide this afternoon. In the recitation Noson vn yr Hafod," i Mr. John Roberts (Glanamman) was the! winner. Mrs. Herbert Lewis delivered her presi- dential address, dwelling with pride upon the National Library at Aberystwyth hav- ing been opened free of debt-not the gift I of any millionaire—but the outcome of the gifts of an intellectual democracy. CHAIR ODE WINNER. I The chair prize for an ode'on Strata florida was awarded to the Rev. J. Ellis! Williams, Welsh Congregational minister, Bangor, who came second in the chair con- test on two previous occasions. Mr. Llewelyn Davies, Clydach, Swan- I sea, won the prize for organ playing, and jin the junior contest the prize was awarded to John 0. Williams, Seven Sis- ters, Neath. MESSAGE FROM THE TRENCHES. I On Thursday afternoon telegrams of congratulations was received by the Eis- teddfod Committee from the Welsh Regi- ment in the trenches, concluding, Next eisteddfod we shall be with you." The announcement elicited enthusiastic cheers, and the committee promptly decided to wire an acknowledgment. [Yesterday's proceedings will be found I on Page Four.]
COMPENSATION CLAIM. Important Decision by Judge Bryn Roberts. On Thursday, at Merthyr County Court, J i Judge Bryn Roberts gave his reserved judgment in the claim of Mrs. Mary Jane Price against Messrs. Guest, Keen, and Nettlefold, Ltd., for compensation in respect of the death of her husband, an assistant repairer at LNo. I Colliery, Bed- linog. Applic.a.nt asked for full compensation under the Workmen's Compensation Act of 190fi. for the loss of her husband by an accident which arose out of his employ- ment on March 10th this year. Respond- 1 ents claimed that the three years' earn- ings should be calculated for compensa- tion. The amount was £,)9, which amount they have paid into court. Applicant contended that there was a break in the employment in July, 1915, when the whole of the coalfield was out on strike, and the new agreement for higher wages was entered into; and upon these points his Honour dilated at some length. Regarding applicant's contention as right, the Judge. made an award for the full amount of the claim, namely, £ 300. On the application of Mr. Ed. Roberts, he also gave costs on Scale C.
EMPIRE AND VICTORY. I Brisbane, Thursday .Spetking here to- day, the Acting-Premier said they must, place all their resources at the disposal of the Empire and subordinate everything to victory.
ALLIES' HEAVY BOMBARD- I MENT. What movement there was on the Somme front on Tuesday outside the in- cessant artillery fire was, writes Archibald Marshall in the Daily News," between Thiepval and Pozieres, where our troops drove the Germans out of the last elements of the trenches which they had captured from us. We are now in a position seriously menacing the German strong- hold of Thiepval, the loss of which would be a heavy blow to the enemy. In the meantime the heavy cannon of the Allies resounds from Thiepval to the region of Yormandovillers and Lihons, south of the Somme, a distance on the combined English and French front of 25 miles. A feature of the incessant hOlll- bardment is the adroitness with which the air service of the Allies has learnt to do its work in spotting enemy batteries. Within a quarter of an hour of their re- turn from their observation flights in many cases heavy guns are trained with complete, accuracy, and great pieces of 210. or groups of lighter guns, are knocked out of action. Sometimes the airmen telegraph their discoveries while still on their flight of observation and have the gratification of watching the results from ahoye. As for the German aviators, every account represents them as far less adventurous ¡ and far less expert. MUNITION MAKING IN ENGLAND. Great satisfaction is expressed over the wonderful tale of munition making in England told hy Mr. Lloyd George and by Mr. Montagu in the House of Com- mons. We can therefore he at ease," writes Lieut.-Colonel Rousset. the military correspondent of "La Liberte." It is not from the lack of munitions that the Eng- lish offensive will ever he interrupted. It is really a splendid thing to see a country which was in no way equipped for a Con- tinental war turning itself into a work- shop and becoming a sort of gigantic arsenal."
TO-DAY S WAR RESUME "Leader" Office 4.50 I The French have made two important gains. North of Maurepas a whole line of German trenches on a front of 1,650 yards was captured. The troops reached -the Guillemont-Maurepas Road. Though the British report, of last night gives no details of any fighting, the French communique states that the new advance was gained in conjunction with the British Army. The French also took all enemy positions on a front of a mile-and-a-quarter south of Maurepas. It is declared that the Austrian troops on the Carso line have become de. moralised, and have been withdrawn. They were replaced by men from the Trentino. More details arcs given to-day of tho capture by BrupiloH. of 000,b(K) of the enemy. Details are given of the ti(i.OW,NO British loan in the United States.
TO-DA V'S NEWS IN BRIEF I Viscount Grey and Mr. Balfour had audiences of the King on Wednesday. An unknown man, about 60, jumped off Kingston Bridge and was drowned. Capital funds of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers now exceed £ 1,500,000. Members of the Empire Parliamentary Association touring in Ireland paid a visit to Belfast. Thirty-&evem decrees of divorce were made absolute by Mr. Justice Sargant, the Vacation Court judge. There is no likelihood of any increase in bus fares in London at any rate for some time, so the London General Omni- bus Company states. The proceedings of the Court of In- quiry set up by the Army Amendment Act will be held in urivate and the minutes will not be published. Sir Richard Barter, Bart., chairman of the Muskerry Railway Company, and a leading Irish agriculturist, hao died at Cork at the age of 79. An imposing naval and military parad e will take place in Glasgow on Monday, when Countess Roberts unveils a statue of her father. Lord Roberts. For selling spirits without a license to two Excise officers, Joseph Poltiiioff, restaurant keeper, Umberton-street, St. George's-in-the-East, was at Thames Police Court fined £50.
STATE INSURANCE. I Women Workers and Sickness I Benefit. I The Commission of the Faculty of In- 'I surance, (appointed to consider the in- terim report of the Departmental Com- mittee upon approved society finance I and administration, met again on Thurs- day at the House of Commons, Mr. Currie, M.P., presiding. Mr. Eric B. Nathan continued his evi- dence, and in reply to the chairman aaid that the figures of the 1901 census, which covered four and a half million of women more or less, the whole of the women then working in Great Britain showed that ii England alone 47 per cent, of the women working were described as being engaged on domestic work and similar service. So far as their knowledge was concerned they wouM not expect that class to ha.ve excess .sickness. From the femalo point of view he believed they must alter considerably their measure of sickness of the insured single female popu- lation. He found that there was not so well marked an excess of sickness in the ages between 26 and 40. but there was a well marked increase in excess of Ul. statistics dealing with male sickness be- tween the ages from 41 to 50. In the case of married women the extra sickness made its appearance five years earlier. He did not mean to say, however, that women's excess sickness was constant. EFFECT OF INTERIM REPORT. I The Chairman remarked that there seemed to be general agreement that if the interim report of the Committee be- came an Act, the. Treasury inighf. have to pay something like another three-quarters of a million annually. Witness agreed that that would prob- ly ?)e so. 11 ably be so. Upon the question of the divorcement of tubeiculosis treatment and maternity benefit from the Act, he re- marked that the separation of the sana- torium treatment would give very litble financial relief. With regard to maternity benefit, if the benefit were paid from another source it wa.s likely that the cosl of the pregnancy sickness might be in- creased. If the maternity benefit were to be eliminated, they would have to re- construct. the Act, and the whole plan would be placed in the melting pot. Answering Mr. Rockliffe, who put a number 01 questions for Mr. Handel Booth, Mr. Nathan said that ru postpone the redemption of i-oserve values would ba not only a withdrawal of Mr. Lloyd George's promise of ulaxiinujii beiiefi-ts but a perpetration of the inj ustice to the pre- sent generation. One of his strongest ob- jections to the recommendations of the Departmental Committee was that it pro. posed to dip into the men's contributions for the purpose of making up the women's deficiency. AN UNJUST TRANSACTION. I 1-= 1 1 J Ul jus opinion mat would be an unjust transaction. There was no provision 10 the finance of National Health Insuran(?el for meeting sickness an.d di?ab?ment d? to the war. It was based purely on the peace experience of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows Asked as to whether he agreed that' given the admitted insufficiency of contrt bution by woiiin for the benefits at pre- sent 1 ec-eived by them, any loss should be made good by the Treasury and not im- posed directly or indirectly on any other section of the insured population, the witness said he was not prepared to agree that under present conditions it was prac- ticable for the Chancellor of the Exche- quer to motany deficiency in the women's I contributions. RISKS OF WAR. I The risks due to war, he #dded. were almist immeasurable, and any person who set out with the idea of measuring them was almost approximating to quack doo- toring. From no previous war was there any indication of what they had, or what they would not he able to find out what had happened until the next generation. The Commission adjourned. The next sitting will take place in Manchester on September 19th.
OUR NEW GAINS. British Advance on Somme. The following telegraphic dispatch was received from Fritith General Head- riu<lrt(>r at :J p.m. this aHnwon:- A7 the result of fighting undertaken yes- u-rdar evening in conjunction with v French advance on Maurepas, w Pushed i'orwardouwr line both west and fcouth-west of Guillemont. t of High we have captured seme 300 yards 01 hostile trench, about 30n yard* in advance of our previous line. To the w-t uf Mouquet Farm our machine-gun nip:«.-d i:i +V- binLa.German attack. West of Viruy exploded a mine and occupied flio crater with only diglit opposition, and we and the- enemy blew earaouflote south of Looe, causing ue neither casualties or damage. RUSSIA'S VICTORY. 7,500 More Prisoners. TO-DAY'S RUSSIAN OFFICIAL. Acry and rifle duels are proceed- itiz along the front. » tK» enemy at some place* resumed f <>un' e,-attacks wbicb were frustrated i'.v "ur -,e. According to supplementary repor:? the trocps of General Bezobursofi diir- ing the it est recent operations took- 198 ofifcers, '•■'iOS ran; and file. light calibre and heavy gnns, ¡II lll].l¡¡n-)-lm, •:>9 bomb-throwers, aid over 1 !•>•> shells. to f, ￼ Thc?c .Hgur<-s are t? bo add? tc thc? =, J. t cd iH tb. morning communique of August ltitii.—Wireless Trass. EISTEDDFOD RESULTS. Soprano solo: The fir?t prize. v :n i-.v Mi: H,mn 11 Williams. • Clyda'b, 6v an sea Valley, and iocoxvl pme hy Madame Jennie Ellis, Cwmg-w vach, ea ? h Valley. For Latin tranvlauon to Welsh. pfLf: divided between Dr. E. Wafers. Cwra- don kin-terrace, Swansea, and Mr. Ik Emryr, Evans, L-lcl ty Bujrail, Swan .-ea Valley. Mr. Entry?. Evan- .J1-0 won the prize for translation from Greek into TVelsh. MR. LLOYD GEORGE. Eisteddfod Defended. Mr. Lloyd George arrived at the EiE- teddfod at :2.30, amid enthusiasm- Ho aaitl ac Vtd com* to attend, if nc-c&ary to defend, the Eisteddfod. He had advocated it*, being mid. Our men eirsg ■songs of Wales in the trencliep, and hold little eisteddfodau behind. S<orm vj raging, but the legions of the oppressor aro being driven back. Why ghculd we not sing ?