THE WELSH AT YPRES. SOME POINTS OF DIFFERENCE IN TWO NARRATIVES TO Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Wales H owes not a little. He has always been generous in his references to the nation, and we do not forget the verse in A Baiiad of the Ranks wherein he says that well we know That Taffy is hard as nails. But, in the history of the war from his pen, now appearing serially in the i. Strand Magazine," he does the Welsh less than justice, unconsciously one is cer- tain, and at points his narrative of the part they played in the First Bittle of lpres conflicts seriously with another record which was drawn up ty Mr. Willis Bund, the distinguished Clerk of the Wor- cestershire County Council, from official evidence and the statements of men who were in the fight. There came a point in the battle when disaster appeared to hover over the British Army. French has himself said that, be- tween 2 and 3 o'clock on October 31st, 1914, was" the most critical moment of this battle." The Jst Division had been driven in. It was," Sir Arthur Conan Doyle says, one of the decisive moments of the world's history, for if the Germans at that period had seized the Channel ports, it is difficult to say how disastrous the result might have been. both to France and to the British Empire." At that f decisive moment, we have believed, the courage of the 2nd Welsh Regiment and the dash of the 2nd Worcesters saved the fortunes of the day. The recapture of Gheluvelt, the feat performed by the Wor- cestcrs, French' declared to be fraught with momentous consequences. Gheluvelt, then, will live in history ais one of the decisive engagements of the war. To whom was it-due? Mr. Willis Bund describes the heroic manner in which the Welsh held their trenches in the hollow road to the east of the village. Holding back by their tire the mass of Germans with whom they were still en- gaged, the Welsh were covering the flank of the 2nd Division and checking the German advance. They had been told to hold the post to the last. Wjhen the enemy surrounded the Surreys and drove off the Scots, the Welsh held on. Wliru the enemy carried Gheluvelt, and the I' British line gave way, the Welsh re- mained firing. When orders were given to begin the retreat, the Welsh still re- mained. They were cut off from the rest of the line. "Could help be sent them so as to enable them to reap the reward of their heroic persistency? On the answer, says Mr. Bund, depended not merely the fate of the Welsh, but of the British sue- cess. The need brought the men. The WoroesterlS-just four companies of the 2nd battalion, 600 men—were ordered to advance to the support of the Welsii. They went forward through the heavy fire, losing men wifh every yard, but they formed up at last to the left of the Welsh. More than that, they stormed the village, carrying it with the bayonet. The Ger- man flank attacks ceased. Their offensive died away. The road to the sea was closed. We turn to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's history of the eventful afternoon. His tributes to the Welsh go to our heart. He tells us of the sacrifices of the South Wales Borderers between Langomar''k and Poelcapelle on October 25; of the: manner in which the 2nd Welsh beat off the attacks of the 22nd; of the erJfilading I the 1st Welsh Fusiliers on the 30th and their heavy losses. But here the narrative I differs from Mr. Bund's. Sir Arthur deals with the defence of the 2nd Welsh on the Menin road, where he said it stood with I the atth Battery (R.F.A.) Both the bat- talion and the battery fought desperately in a most exposed situation. The Welsh Regiment were driven out of their trenches by a terrific sliell-fil-e follow-eci by an infantry attack. They lost during the day nearly six hundred men. Finally after being pushed back, holding every possible point, they formed up in the open in a thin skirmishing line to cover the battery." Coming to the heroic incident of the Worcesters' charge, he speaks or the gap between Gheluvelt and the trenches occupied by—the South Wales Borderers (not the Welsh Regiment as Mr. Bund deposed). And of the gallant de- fence so vividly described by the latter, he writes thus: On that (lank ( General Haig's loft] the troops had uot joined in the retirement, and including the South Wales Borderers of the Third Brigade, were still in their original trenches being just north of the swathe that had been cut in the British line. It is the Borderers, Sir Arthur says the Worcesters joined. Who is right? T'he point is of some importance to Wales, for these were operations which we see now had a momentous effect upon the British victory. Mr. Bund seizes upon the defence of the Welsh Regiment and the ad- vance of the Worcesters as the deciding points of the battle. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle makes the Borderers (? the Welsh Regiment) play a subsidiary part. Pro- bably the Welsh, says the historian of the Worcesters, could not have held on much longer, but for the Worcesters, and but for the Welsh holding on, the Worces- ters' charge would never have been exe- cuted. But for the Welsh the Germans would have pressed on through the gap the v had hackcd in the British line, and would most likely have reached Ypres. But for the Worcesters' charge the Welsh would have been cut off. The Allies must have retreated, the Kaiser would have had his wish and been able to gain the Channel ports; to use his own words, they would have carried out an attack of vital impor- tance to the successful issue of the war." Let us hope that. in a. matter of such en- thralling interest to Wales. Sir Arthur and Mr. Bund will clear up what appears to be a discrepancy. J. D. W. I
GERMAN PRISONERS' LOOT. ) Sentence of three months' imprisonment was passed at Wilmslow (Cheshire) Ses- sions on Thursday on four German pri- soners of war, who were found guilty of stealing large quantities of food, groceries, and other things. The men art sailors, captured in the North Sea, and are of powerful build. A canteen was found broken into and the stolen goods were discovered in the prisoners' kit and bidden in beds. The collection included all sorts of things— enoueh to stock a small shoo—of the value ,of £10.
COST OF LIVING. Current Prices of Local Foodstuffs. Great difficulty is being experienced locally in respect of the purchase of sugar. As one tradesman observed, it is a matter now of begging for one bag where formally 50 were easily procured. What sugar can be obtained is distributed as evenly as may be among customers, but the tea and sugar trade is one that no grocer is now eager to obtain. The question of any profit on these goods seems to have quite receded into the back- ground. PRICE OF BUTTER. Butter is now being sold in Swansea at anything from Is. 8d, to 1-3. lid. per Ib- 2d. more than a month ago. Cheese at Is. is, so we are informed, being sold practically at cost price. Cheese later on is bound to be dearer. Bacon is 2d. or 3d. per ib more than a month ago, and very difficult to get. Canned fruits, salmon, etc., are all much dearer, and, having regard to the pro- posal of the Government to suspend the import of dry fruits, the trader observed, NVe shall see what we shall see." DAIRYMEN'S CONTRACTS. Milk is still procurable in Swansea at 5d. and utI. per quart. There is, however, a considerable agitation among traders to make the price 6d. generally. The diffi- culty is that some dairymen have made contracts by which they receive milk at i Is. per gallon, and can afford to sell t 5d.; later contracts, however, have run up to Is. Id. per gallon, and under these ftd. per quart does not mean a reasonable profit. The latter class wa-nt the price raised; the former arc indisposed to ap- pear as though they were exploiting ilpil-I public. The matter has been discussed at meetings of the trade, but so far without any general agreement. Having regard to the present high price of dairy cattle, and increased cost of arti- ficial foods, it is very improbable that anything except increased retail prices can be looked for in the future.
A recommeDdation that London County panel doctors should receive for the next quarter Is. 2d. advance for each inured pensou on the l:isœ baG been withdrawn.
CHILDREN'S DAY." Buy a Fiag-and Help a Child. We hope our readers will not forget tllot Flag Day held on Friday and Saturday on behalf of the local branch oi the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Mrs. Watkine, hon. secretary of the Ladies* Committee, and Mr. Joseph Hall, chairman of the Execu- tive Committee, together with their band of workers, have laboured enthusiastically in order to ensure success. It now remains with the public to give them support by purchasing th dainty flags of the National Society. Everyone who pur- chases a flag will be helping a child, and at the same time give evidence of their determination to assist in crushing out child neglect and cruelty. To-day is the "Children's Day" in the truest sense of the word. Everybody is preaching the value of life. In Swansea district last year 656 children had a very poor concep- tion of life, and no knowledge of happi- ness until the Children's Man stepped in. Year after year this is going'on, and the local branch avpeals for support from every section of the. community. This it can do whole-heartedly, for it carriea on its work untramelled by political opinion or religious creeds. Its claim is justite for the children," whether they be the off- spring of the rich or of the poor.
WHY LETTERS GO ASTRAY. One can understand why so many letters go astray," observed the magi- strate at West London Police Court on Thursday, in sentencing a woman to two months' hard labour. The woman, Amy Poynton, is the wife of a Canadian soldier serving at the front, and she -had been employed as a temporary postwoman at the West Brompton Post Office. SIia found guilty of stealing a letter contain- ing. a 10s. Treasury aote.
A M UA- r- M E NTS. HARRY DAY presents (by arrangement with Musical Comedies Syndicate, Ltd.), l LOOK OUT! I Exceptional Cast, fei.tv.riag the Popular I Comedian HORACE JONES, Ellis Parkes, Myra Hammon, Anthony Gordon, Bert Rowley, Norman Leyland, Tommie But- ler, Harvey Manning, Tommy Edmunds, William Bell, George Beale. Full Chorus and Augmented Orchestra. Lottie Stone's Troupe of Dancers. Latest News and War Films. JAMES FAWN, Ever-popular Comedian. TOM E. FINGLASS, The Original Cowboy Coon, assisted by Miss Gay Persse. FRANK AND VESTA, Champion Dancers, presenting New and Original Routines. SYMONDS v. RUUDICK, Sep. 30 at 3 p.m. GRAND THEATRE SWANSEA. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 25th, W16, Six Nights at 7.30, and MATINEE SATURDAY at 2.30 p.m. Robert Courtneidge's Company, in the Successful Musical Comedy, MY LADY FRAYLE. Next Week- MASKELYNE'S MYSTERIES. THE PICTURE HOUSE. High Street. Thursday, Friday and Saturday. An Edison Masterpiece— The Working of a Miracle, By Ashley Miller. Ittvfem Martin in LITTLE MISS BROWN A World Film Production. MY VALET, Teainring Raymond Hitchcock & Mabel I Normand in a Triangle -Keystone Comedy Monday Next.—ME AND ME MOKE. CASTLE CINEMA (Adjoining Leader OSiee). Men., Tues. and Wed., 2.39 to 10.30. Bullets and Brown Eyes. &. Five-Part "Triangle Drami" of Love: in War Time, featuring Miss BESSIE BARRiSCALE. An Absorbing Romantic Story, inter- spersed with Striking Battle Scenes. MY VALET. IL Two-Part Triangle-Keystone of Thrills W laughter, featuring Miss Mabel Nor- mand and Mr. Raymond Hitchcock. Men. Next.-THE CrRCUS OF FIRE. CARLTON CINEMA i DE LUXE, Oxford Street, Swansea. OPEN DAILY from 2.30 till 1040. Thursday, Friday and Saturday. A World-Film Production- BOUGHT, Featuring Fred Lewis. The Perils of Pauline, No. 8, A Vortex of Adventures." Charlie Chaplin Again, Charlie at the Show." Monday Next.-I N SEVEN DAYS. ELYSIUM. H:ah Street, Swansea. Thursday, Friday and Saturday. A POOR RELATION, A Grand Lubin Drama in Three Acts. Series 2 of the much discussed Film, CABINET MINISTERS. Episode 3 Trans-Atlantic Circus Serial, PEG 0' THE RING. In addition to usual All-Star Programme. Monday, Oct. 2nd, Three Days -Only, THE FLAMING SWORD. ROYAL THEATREj Wind Street. tontinuous Performance Daily, 2.30 till 11. Thursday, Friday and Saturday. John Needham's Double, A Great Drama. Five Parts. RUSSIA'S MIGHTY ARMY. Monday.—THE COWARDLY WAY. i MONEY. rIjrLVJ OBTT BOBBOW IN YOUR OWN TOWN, where you and the lender are known. Stipulation without blemish beats bounce. £ 10 to £10,000 lent privately by the old. established B.F.O., who are approved and recommended by the Presa S,10 loan 103 Monthly £ 100 Loan 12 Monthly .£5Q Loan L2 Monthly iLOO Loan £ 4 Monthly Prospectus and Presa Opinions free. Pri. Tacy guaranWed.-THE BKITISH FINANCE CO.. 28. Bridge-street. Bristol. Tel. 1675. IP YOU WISH to keep your affairs private, JL do not apply to strangers for no Stran- ger will lend you money without making inaniries. How would theae t-erms euit you? 910 repay XIO 10s. L.50 repay £ 52 20s ?P repay £ 21 Os. £ 100$epay £ 105 5s. If ?'? wish to be treated with faimeaa WMti consideration, apply to- ALBERT E. GASh, 6, Up!ands Crescent, Swansea, SAILINGS. CUNARD LINE to UNITED STATES AND CANADA. Connecting with the Canadian Northern Baiiway System, DIRECT PKNGEH. AND FEEIGHT SERVICES i BBISTOli TO CANADA. Summer Service to jiontreal. Connecting with Canadian Northern Bail- way System. "FOYLE .Saturday, Oct. 7 tA.^CANIA .8attirday, Oct. 14 t £ abin ( £ 10) and Third Class (£6 10s.) Pasi. Ascania has Accommodation Cargo. *Cal'O only. LONDON TO CANADA. Summer Service to Montreal. .tANDANrA .Saturday. Oct. CI •I'ANNONIA Saturday, Oct. 28 10', cai-)iu ( £ 10) and Third Class ( £ 15s.) Passengers. tAcccmmodation for refrigerator cargo. Apply Cunard Line, Liverpool; 51, Biahopa- trate, London, E C.; 65, Baldwin-street. Bristol; 18a, Hifrh-streel Cardiff; 141. Cor- poiation-street, Birmingham EDUCATIONAL. ? JBBNCH TATJQfiT BY NATIVE TEAOKEB. The-aid methods of teaching foreign Ian- XUdem involved Ion? ajnd tedious work. A NATUBAL METHOD IS EMi?JX>YED AT .-The Swansea Commercial School "'Irheraby the proper atmosphere i8 created, 4 rapid progress aeei&red. Write for particulars to the Principal, CAfiTM BCELDiNGS, SWANSEA, (Tel. 585" Central). • Or at The De Bear Sahoods, Ltd., 9W92, to Queen-street, Cardiff. SALES BY AUCTION. 1 SWANSEA AUCTION ROOMS. John M. Leeder and Son WILL SELL bv AUCTION, at their I ff ROOMS, 46, WATERLOO-STREET, SWANSEA, on THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5ths 1916, a Large Quantity of Household Furniture and Other Effects, removed from various houses for convenience of Sale. Auctioneers' Offices, 46, WATERLOO- STREET, SWANSEA. Re the late Mrs. Thomas, Deceased. DORGLWYD FARM, LLANGYFELACH (Distant 2i miles lrom Morriston, H miles from Liangyfelacn. Village, and j, miles from Clydach. Exceptionally Important Sale of a fine Herd of 31 Head of pure-bred Short- horn Cattle, all got by Pedigree Bulls from the Leading Breeders in the County, including one from II.M. the King, 13 Shire, Collier and Cob Horses, 84 beautiful Sheep, Implements, Hay, Corn, and Root Crops, etc. MESSRS. James and James, F.A.I., A RE favoured with instructions from the Representatives of the late Mrs. Thomas, deceased, to SELL BY AUC- TION on the Premises, as abov ()Tl ( MONDA Y, OCTOBER 2nd, 1916, the "I <)Ie j of tho following Live Stock, CROPS AND IMPLEMENTS, viz.: CATTLE—11 DAIRY COWS (4 with Calves at their heels and 4 Very Early Calvers); 8 grand two-ycar-old pure-bred Shorthorn Heifers of excellent Red and Roan colours; 6 Yearlings; 1 Bull, a hand- some all Red Yearling pure-bred Short- horn Bull; 5 forward Heifer and Steer I Calves of beautiful colour. 13 HORSES—Bay Shire Mare, 15.3 h.h., 10 years old, a good worker; Black Horse, ¡ aged; Dark Bay Welsh Cob Mare, 13.2 1 h.h.. 8 years old; Bay Mountain Pony, aged; Brown Yearling Collier Colt; Bay I Collier Mare, 4 years old; Chestnut, coming throt-year-old Collier Gelding; Bay do. do.; Grey do. do.; Black Yearling do.; Bay do. do. 81 SHEEP—82 Breeding Ewes-58 Cross- bred Welsh and Dorset-horned Breeding Eves (most of which are already in lamb); 24 Cross-bred do. 2. Rams—Handsome Pedigree Dorset Down Ram; do. Southdown do. IMPLEMENTS, HARNESS, etc., in- cluding 6t h.p. Victoria Oil Engine (2nd year), with Shafting and Pullies, etc.; harness DAIRY UTENSILS AND PART HOUSE- HOLD FURNITURE. ETC. CROPS. HAY.—3 Eicks of First-class Meadow Hay, got in i-,riirke condition. OATS.—30 Mows of White Oats. BARLEY.—5 do. of Barley. ROOTS.—11 acres of Grand Potatoes and 4 acres of Splendid Swedes. Luncheon on the Table at 11.30. Sale Promptly at 12.30 p.m. Terms: Sis Months' Credit on Approved Security on sums exceeding JE5, or the Usual Discount for Cash. Auctioneers' Offices 7, Goat-street, Swansea. Telephone 172 Docks. THE BRYN FARM, LLANMORLAIS. Beynon, Holland and Pascoe, HAVE been instructed by Mr. Da vies to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the above address, on MONDAY, 2nd OCTO- BER, 1916, the following Weli-Bred Ponies, Comprising: 3 FOALS, 3 YEARLINGS, and i MARE PONIES. Sale to commence at 4 o'clock p.m. prompt. Terms—Cash. Auctioneers' Offices: 6, College-street, Swansea, & Beec h House, Burry's Green, Reynoldston, Gower. SHAFTESBURY HALL, ST. HELEN'S ROAD, SWANSEA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4th, 1916. Mr. Joseph Harris TTAS received instructions from a Mrs. Dennis, who is leaving Swansea for London, to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the above Hall (where the goods will have been removed for convenience of Sale), the whole of her Well-Preserved and Substantially-Made Household Furniture AND OTHER EFFECTS, the chief items comprising: HANDSOME DARK WALNUT CHEVAL BEDROOM SUITE, Rosewood-Framed Suite in Lea- ther, Walnut Telescope Dining Table, Walnut-Framed Leather Suite, Splendid Drawing-room Suite in Tapestry, Walnut! Overmantels, Brass Fenders, Fire Brasses, Skin and other Hearthrugs, Carpets, Lino- leum, Passage Mats, Walnut Hall Stand, CARVED WALNUT BEDSTEAD, Brass and Black ditto, Wire-Wove Mattresses, Wool Overlays, Chest of Drawers, Single Combination Bedstead, Carved Walnut Sideboard with bevelled plate-glass mirror back, Handsome China Tea Service, Din- ner Service, Handsome E.P.N.S. Tea and?, Coffee Service, Kitchen Table, Easy and other Chairs, the usual Culinary Utensils, etc., together with an excellent SEWING MACHINE (by Bradbury) in splendid working order, Bijou Billiard Machine (penny-in-the-slot), a Full Compassed Iron-Framed PIANOFORTE, and various other articles too numeroue to particularise. Goods on View Morning of Sale. Sale to commence promptly at 11 o'clock a.m. Terms-Cash. Auctioneer's Offices, 1, George-street, Swansea. Tel. No., 469 Docks. PUBLIC NOTICES. f|TE £ OMAS WILLIAMS (DECEASED). ALL PERSONS HAVING CLAIMS OR DE- MANDS against the Estat; of THOMAS Williams, late of Villiers Cottage, Llansam- b:, i 1 the County of Glamorgan, Works Manner, who died on the 18th day of Sep- tember, 1916, are required to send particu- lars of such Claims or Demands to Arthur Williams, Poel House, Bridge-road, Grays. Essex, the Sole Executor, or to the under- Signed, his Solicitor, on or before the 7th day of October next. Dated this 25'th day of September, 1916 D. STANLEY OWEN. London and Provincial Bank Buildings. Wind-street, Swaasea Solicitor to the said Executor. TEETH. From 17/6 per Set. Painless Extractions, Is. Repairs in 2 Hours. ERNEST'S Dental Surgery, 18, High Street, Swansea (Opposite Bush Hotel). HOURS: 9—5 ?tTENDEBS are Invited for Dn?mg a Drift I. ?iu. indinatIon &er y?rd. from surface to the three feet seam: distance about 640 yards Full particulars can be obtained at the Colliery.—The Acorn Colliery Co., Ltd., LLangennech. Alfl-4 JOHN WALTERS (Baritone), (Gold Medalist), R.A.M., RESUMES LESSONS in VOICE PRO- DUCTION and SINGING. I Address: 18, Cradock-street, Swansea, and i Woodlands, Goweriy^, J PUBLIC NOTICES. c GTJIVRY BOROUGH OF SWANSEA- NON-REMOVAL OF HOUSE AND TRADE REFUSE. There will be no collection of House and Trade Kefuoo on Saturday, the 30th in St., and Shopkeepers and Householders are asked not to put out ajiy Refuse on this j day. BY ORDER. COUNTY BOROUGH OF SWANSEA. SMALL HOLDINGS AND ALLOT- MENTS ACT, 1908. The CORPORATION INVITE APPLIOA- TIONS for LAND at CWMGELLY and TOWN HILL for the purpose -of GARDEN ALLOTMENTS. Full Particulars may be obtained on ap- plication to the Parks' and Cemeteries Superintendent, 4, rrospect-place, Swansea. H. LANG COATH, Town Clerk. Guildhall. Swansea. S W ANSEA EDUCATION COIIMMBE. EVENING SCHOOLS. Commence Monday, 2nd October, 1916, at 7 p.m. DYNEVOR-PLACE-For Men and Boys, i Commercial and Industrial Classes. TR I N I TY-PLAC E-For Women & Girls. Domestic and Commercial Classes. FEES—3s. 6d. for the Session, payable in advance, bu't any Pupil who Joins at the Beginning of the First Ter-n after he or she leaver Day School WILL BE ADMITTED FREE. For full Syllabus of Work. Time Tables of Cla^sea, etc., see Evening School Hand- books, to be obtained free of charge on ap- plication at the Education Offices. 9. Grove- piaice, Swansea. AMBULANCE AND HOME NURSING. Classes will Commence during! the week ending 7th October, at the following Centres, and arrangements will be made er.a.bling Students who have received not fewer than 14 hours of instruction to sit at the Examinations of th- St. John Am- bulance Association FREE OF CHARGE. FOR MEN. Dynevor-pla-ce, First Aid Fridays, 7.15 to 8.45 p.m. Hafod, First Aid, Mondays. 8.0 to 9.30 p.m. FOR WOMEN. Brynhyfryd, Home Nursing, Tuesdays, 7.15 to 8.45 p.m. Peqtrepoth, First Aid, Tuesdays. 7.30 to 9.0 p.m. Pentrepoth, Home Nursing, Thursdays, 7.30 'to 9.0 p.m. Trinity-place, First Aid, Tuesdays, 7.45 to 9.15 p.m. Trinity-place, Some Nursing. Mondays, 7.45 to 9.15 p.m. FEE-2s. per ClaAs for the Session, pay- able in advance. A. W. HALDEN (Clerk). Education Offices. Swansea. 28th September, 1916. RAGGED SCHOOL. Gospel Temperance Meeting To-Morrow (Saturday), at 8 p.m. Speaker—ME. PERCY MORRIS (Manseiton). Ohairman-MR. RD. ABRAHAM (Plaamari). Grand Musical Treat. PATRIOTIC RACES. CLYNE, SWANSEA, SATURDAY, OCT. 7th. Proceeds in Aid of Swansea Red Cross Hospital. OVER £100 IN PRIZES. JACK OOLLIN-S, Merthyr. Secretary—E. JENKINS. 3. Gomerian-place, Swansea. J^WANSEA EDUCATION COMMITTEE. TO MILK VENDORS. TENDERS ARE INVITED for the SUPPLY OF IILK to the Swansea Training College for three or six months, commencing 1st October, 1916. Forms of tender (on which form alone will tenders be considered) may be ob- tained from the undersigned. Sealed tenders, marked Tender for Milk," must reach the undersigned on or before noon on Wednesday, the 4th Octo- ber, 1916. The Committee does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any tender. A. W. HALDEN (Clerk). Education Offices, Swansea. 27th September, 1916. -S -3- Sun Rises 6. 59, Sun Sets 6.42, Lighting-up Time, 7.12. Subdue Lights visible from the sea at 7.12. Subdue other Lights at 8.42. High Water To-day, 8.5 a.m., 8.19 p.m. Kmg 8 Dock-40ft.ill. a.m., 40ft. SIU. p.m. To-morrow, 8.37 a.m., S.52 p.m.
WHAT LIES BEHIND? Mr. Lloyd George's plain words to a people who say they love plain speech—and to the United States, without doubt the War Minister addresses Ms statement, in the mam —ought to show the sentimentalists (and the schemers at their bacti) that peace kites are too frail for the atmosphere of Europe to-day. Once before, in the Agadir speech, he said more than his countrymen at the time realised were in his words; and reading his warning to neutral powers to keep outside the ring until the Allies have administered the knock-out blow, we wonder greatly what subtle movement it is that he has now smashed up. There has been talk in the wind of an effort directed by the President of the United States and the Vatican to turn the thoughts of Europe to- wards an early peace-a peace which would leave Germany free of the punishment we are only now begin- ning to inflict upon her for her sins. The' Marquis de Villalobar, the Spanish Minister at Brussels, is said to have visited London, via Berlin, in F&bruary, on a peace mission. The British Government took not the slightest notice of it. And Prince Hohenlohe, writing in the I Neue Zurcher Zeitung on Europe's Suicide," pleads for an immediate peace at any price, -and argues that Mr. Wilson and the Vatican have it in their power to bring the war to an end. The plea is based upon the belief that "in this k war th?re will be no deeded vector and no vanquished upon the theory that each belligerent has won honour and renown. Well, to all that sort of talk Mr. Lloyd George's words come as a stormy blast, blowing away the schemes of the tricksters and the pretty edifices of the sentimentalists. I have just visited the battlefields of France," he said to his American interviewer. I stood as it were at the door of Hell, and saw myriads marching into the furnace. I saw some coming out of it scorched and mutilated. This ghasiliness must never again be re-enacted on this j earth." Never again. Germany, which broke the peace of the world wilfully, with malice aforethought, which has brought mourning to countless homes, must never again be permitted to become the menace of the nations. This is a solemn duty the Allies owe to the memory of the dead, and to the children who will come after us. If this week we have been direct- ing iiio-re than usual attention to the German Press, we feel that our readers will agree with us that the symptoms of distress therein mani- fested are of as great importance as the news we have been rejoicing over from the Somme. The shadow of defeat is upon the war-writers in Germany. Major Moralit-, of the Tageblatt," usually a leader in the blustering school, uses in these days a depressing pen. He sees that his country has finally failed at Verdun; we are equally balanced," he says, there. Of the Somme battle all he trusts himself to write is that the fight rages to and fro, and flames up again when the enemy have had time to bring up further munitions." And there he stops, trusting, like Hindenburg, that the weather will ultimately bring relief to the stricken and con- quered armies. Major Moraht casts his eye over the other theatres of war and his gloominess is not lightened. Only might and strength, only resolution, ability and skill," he says, will prevent the further envelopment of the Central Powers." Tie finds Russia still finding men to fill the gaps, and he is not cheerful even when he views the Balkan theatre of war. Look where one will, and the same spirit of restraint—so un. like the German style of a year ago —manifests itself. One excuse made for the comfort of the German people has been that the Allies were recklessly throwing away lives in their mad haste to gain positions. That was dealt with succinctly in Sir Douglas Haig's re- port on Thursday afternoon. The nation had been prepared to learn that the losses after Combles and Thiepval had been heavy, especially after the storming of the latter place and the ridge behind. But now we learn that the fighting during the past few days has been singularly economical"; better still, that our losses are small, not only rela- tively to the importance of our gains but absolutely and, as a final de- finite proof, that our total casual- ties are not more than twice the number of enemy prisoners taken." We have had to pay bitterly for our successes, but, from the first of July —a day ever memorable in British history—the turth is that we have lost less in life than the Staff had expected we would. This in great measure is due to the splendid work of the artillery. In the much de- layed record we were allowed to give this week of the achievement of a Welsh unit in which we are greatly interested, an officer spoke of the ae- curate way in which the barrage fire was lifted for the advance. Our soldiers all speak with enthusiasm of the wonderful way in which the guns have been managed. Beyond doubt their marvellous timing has saved tens of thousands of lives. With every new advance the pub- lic is eagerly asking whither we are going and what, if any, strategical c-onsequences will follow the push. A close study of the railway map of the region will clearly show what may develop out of the Allied suc- cesses. One writer points out that behind the German front line, and at a distance from it varying from one to six miles, the railway runs in lines which roughly make three sides of a square. On the left (looking north) the line runs north-east from Beaucourt in Achiet-le-Grand, which is the junction of the branch with the Lille main line. From Ac*hlet-le-Gr"l the line runs east- ward through Bapanme to Velu, where it turns south to Equancourt and Roisel, making the third side of the square. Velu is the junction with the Cambrad railway. Upon these lines the enemy depends main- ly for his supplies; and they are al- ready threatened by the forces of the Allies at several points. The capture or the destruction of the junction Achiet-le-Grand would deprive the enemy of his main source of supply and means of transport for his forces in the valley of the Ancre. He would be cut off in that district, both from the Lille and Cambrai railways. Achiet-le-Grand is within range of the heavy artillery of the British forces at Courcelette; and further east Bapaume, an important centre, is menaced from Gueude- court. The French, whose lines join the British at Combles, and who have taken Raneourt and are push- ing on, threaten Equancourt, and further south they threaten the other junction with the Cambrai railway, Roisel. The immediate re- sult of cutting the railway at any of these points would be to derange the German communications and to compel them to utilise the much slower and more cumbrous methods l of road traaspoti. j
THE HEROES OF WALES TWO MEMORIALS IN A LONELY M0uHIA.fi OilAVEYAiiD Far up the mountain-side above Resol- ven, within sound of the roariiig vraterfallj of Meiyncoart, is a lonely chapel, sur- rounded by a graveyard wherein are, at rest, many generations of the Vale. The chapel is wonderfully quaint; its pulpit and gallery ought never to be disturbed but kept eacred from the hand of the H restorer." Here, as the eye falls over tlie beauties of the valley, and wanders to the bluff mountain tops, here man seems far from the strife of the world. And yet even here, as the Mabinogion Society of Swansea wandered past the graves on Thursday, there were tragic memorials of the war—one a marble monument, and, carved in white at its base, the cap of a soldier— Yr hwn a laddwyd yn ymosodiad mawr Prydain yn erbyn byddin Germani, yn Loos, Medi 25ain, 1915, yn 25 mlwydd oed. On the stone there are two interesting poetical tributes, one from the pen of Ala Nid yd yw'r golofn yma Ond tlws deuluol gainc I'n mab, fu farw dros ei wlad, A rowd i'w t'edd yn Ffrainc; Bu fyw yn fadlgen duwiol, Bu farw'n Seren Wen, Daeth deigryn glan a swynol Can mil drwy a berth Ben. And in English, the following by Myfyr Aredd ':— Rest, oh rest yet awhile. Though far away, Thou gallant son of Cambria, be thy grave, On the horizon gleams God's brighter day, When he shall crown the legions of the brave. The Swansea party, after visiting the chapel, climbed to the stone circle on the mountain top, where Mr. D. Rhys Phillips acted as guide, philosopher, and friend. The ramble ended up at Resolven, where the party was entertained to tea by the leaders of the movement for the formation of the new Cymrodorion society. A public meeting was then held in the adjacent hall, where Mr. rhillips, the chairman of the Mabinogion, who is a native of the district, presided, at the re- quest of the local committee. The Rev. Mr. Lloyd was elected chairman, and Mr. Martin Griffiths vice-chairman, of the Resolven Welsh Society. Mr. J. Evan Jones was elected treasurer, and the ,'ell known poet, 111'. Sam Lloyd (Myfyr Nedj), to whom the genesis 01 the movement is largely due, was appointed secretary. Addresses dealing with the work of the new society were given by the Chairman, Alderman Jordan, Mr. A. H. Thomas, J.P., Mr. John Meredith, Dr, °ricliard, Mr. D. M. Samuel, Mr. Tom Williams (Glyn-Neath). and Mr. M. Griffiths; spirited bardic addresses by Crvrulyn, M vfer iSedci, and Mr. Tom Williams; and songs by Mr. A. E. Evans, and Mr. T. Williams. Mr. John Evans and Mr. Low- land voiced a vote of thanks to the visi-' tors, and the thanks of the Mahinogion were conveyed by the Chairman to the local committee and to Mr. David Jones, manager of Ynysarwed Colliery, who kindly entertained the company to lunch.
AMMANFORD MAN KILLED. The Motoring Accident on the BlacK Mountain. The circumstances of the Black Moun- tain motor-car accident, in which Mr. Dd Richards, of Wernddu-road, Ammanford, lost his life while driving his own car, were related to a coroner's jury at Am- manford on Thursday evening. Mr. J. W. Nicholas was coroner. James Richards, Nantgareg, Cwmgorse, deceased's brother, who. with his' two sons and a neighbour named Dd. Wil- liams, were in the car, said they had been to a sheep sale -near Senny Bridge. They left to return between i and 5 o'clock. They stopped at the Red Lion, Llan- gadock, where they had refreshments and half-a-pint of beer each, and remained for ten minutes. On the Black Mountain, about four miles from Brvnaniman, the loft wheel of the car broke. The car slewed round and tumbled on to a little bank on the side of the road, and they were all thrown out. When witness, who had momentarily lost consciousness, eanio to himself, he found himself on the com- mon four yards away from the road. He saw deceased lying close to th-e hind part of the car. He was dead, and blood was oozing from his nose and mouth. Coroner: Were you going very fast?— Not at all, sir. Between ten and fifteen miles, so far as I could understand. Evidence was also given by Dd. Wil- liams, PlasnewycM, Cwmgorse, who said that when he went to the deceased he was just alive. There was a cut on the ohin, and Dr. Lewis stated he had a broken neck, compound fracture of the jaw, and a frcture of the ribs on both sides. They were not going fast at all. The jury returned a verdict that death was due to injuries caused by his being accidentally thrown out of a motor car. I
ROMANCE OF INDUSTRY THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WELSH TINPLATE TRADE. DEATH OF MR. RICHARD THOMAS One of the pioneers of the tinplate in* dustry passed away at Bath on Thursday in the person of Mr. Richard Thomas, of Lydbrook, head of the world renowned) Welsh tinplate firm of Richard ThomaaJ and < Co., Ltd., whose large interests in- dude a number of big works in the Swan-? eea district. Mr. Thomas, who ha4J 1 reached the advanced age of 78, played a. i prominent part in establishing Welsh supremacy in. the tinplate trade, and was reputed to he the largest manufac- turer in the world. A native of Eridgwater. Somerset, thd late Mr. Thomas was educated at the< Wesleyan College, Taunton. He became associated with the tinplate trade throl:;h: i tho late Mr. Philip W. F lower, whot j built the celebrated Melyn Works. Neath,, in 1863. He was clerk of the works dur- ing the building operations, and saw* every brick laid. The works were finished- in the record time of 12 months. It was after the termination of tha American Civil War, upon which ensued a great industrial revival, in which tho tinplate trade participated, that Mr. Thomas first came into prominence in the commercial life in South Wales. America was our largest and best customer at the time, and Mr. Thomas, then a young roan. in the prime of life, realised the possi- bility of development in the trade. With friends he at once formed the Ynispen- liwch Tinplate Co., of which he was ap- pointed general manager and secretary, and from this period dates the rise of tiia firm which to-day controls a hundred tin- plate mills, besides owning two largo steelworks, a colliery, blast furnaces, and iron mines. INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS IN SOUTIV WALES. The industrial history of South AValop contains no greater romance than the story of the rise and progress of these companies. In course of time th'w worka were acquired, existing works were en. larged, and machinery was improved. The appended list shows the large in. terest.s of the firm and the date at wliicin Mr. Thomas became associated witlv them:—Lydbrook Tinplate Works (1871); Lydney (1875); Lydbrook Colliery (1877); Melingriffith Tinplate Works (1888); Abeiv dare (1890); Abercarn (1805); Cwmieiin Steel and Tinplate Works (1896); Stfuth, Wales Works, Llanelly (1898); South Wales Steelworks and Foundry -(189); Burry Works, Llanelly (1898); Cwmbwria. (1838); Aber (1902); Redbourn Hill Iron- works (1807); Cilfrew (1907); Ely Tinplate Works (1908); and Edlogan Tinplate Works (1908). The late Mr. Thomas was not partial to the honours of public life, though for a period he was a member of the Monmouth Hoard of Guardians. In his younger days, however, he tooTr great interest in the Volunteer movement, and joined the company at Britonferrv, originated and commanded by the late Mr. C. R. M. Talbot, father of Miss Talbot, of Margam Abbey. He was a generous friend to many a deserving cause, particularly hospital work. In 1909, to mark his golden wedding, he sent cheques for 1,000 guineas to the LlL?nelly, S?vanse?t, Cardiff, and Newport Hospitals, to endow a bed to ",)I called the Richard Thomas bed, and one of Z-,150 to the Ross Hospital. The Lydney Hospital was built at his instance with a handsome cheque for On the occasion of this event Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Mere made the recipient of a presentation by the 'i,ODO men engaged in the associated works owned or con. trolled by the firm of Messrs. Richard Gliomas and Co. (Limited), which took the form of a service of plate. Mr. Thomas was a Y. idower, his wifd having predeceased him about two yoara ago. He leaves five sons and one daugh- ter—Me>ssr«. Richard Beaumont Thomas, Inglefield Green, Surrey; F. Treharno Thomas, Cheltenham; Harold M. Thomas, Lingfield, Sussex; Herbert Spencer Thomas, Hazlewood, Llandaff; and Capt. Wyndham P. Thomas, Kwhurst, Surrey; and Mrs. MacMullen, of London. Mr. Frank Treharnc Thomas is the managing director of Cwmfelin Steel and Tmpiatu Works. The late Mr. Thomas lived at West- brook, Swansea, for a time some few years, ago. The funeral takes place at Lydbrook Oil, Sat unlay.