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,LLU'I'M LIN'I' IN U'ILA b I S O j n Root Crops. I e, 7 T* T tttt A nrr\ r> I ByiuULtllVSllVlS.. 1 1 I me vegetables incmt:ea unaer mis neaa- g am known as root crop', be&auso their shy roots are the must valuable prt of .8 plants. Turnips, carrot6. beet-root id parsnips are usually included, and ,eoo come next in order to the potato in tint of importance. All these vegetables -e merely improvements from wild plants hick are fairly common in this country. hey are all biennials, that is, in the first >ar they simply grow and store up a sen-e of nutriment in thair fleshy tap ►ots, which in the second season is all ied up in the production of flowers and oos; after that the plant dies. It is ith the first year's growth which we ire deal in cultivating them as vego bles. Soils of an open texture, like a deep mdy loam, grow these crops to perfe-I on, but the soil must be deeply dug and Lanure must be buried deeply. The turnip ?longs to the same family as the cabbage irassica) and should not be grown oti md which has had cabbage or other green 'ops on the previous year. It is a native ild plant, but the improved vegetable >rm was introduced into this country -om Flanders. All parts of the plant can 3 used. Many tons of the tops are sold l London every year as "greens," while is blanched tops which grow out when ae roots are kept in the dark are sonie- imes used as a ffil hsti tllte- for spa-kale, I hich they resemble very much in flavour I hen cooked. Young, well-grown, eucculent turnips lake a delicious vegetable, but to grow rtem successfully it is important that the rowth from the commencement should be pid and unchecked. A warm, moist, most suitable i.o-vj cl -,7 se.-iso--q --i goiiera. nr turrips. and in such seasons few crops re produced with less trouble: but in hot, ry snimmers they are frequently a failure. The w ho hare a wel'-sheltered garden -hich was dug and mnnured in the utumn, may make a small sowing now as -K)n as the soil can be brought into a. fit ondifion by pricking it over with a fork nd breaking it down as finely possible; fterwards treading it down lightly with be feet and making the surface smooth nd even with a rake. Draw the drills ne foot apart and an inch deep with a oe, sow evenly and thinly along the rows tie seed of such varieties as Early Milan r Snowball, and cover by pulling fine soil irer with the back of the rake. The seed- ?n". should be partially thinned as soon s they hV5 made ? rough leaf. Two. 'minings shonld. ba.made, finally le?vmg ?p plants to dand about F;x inches apart ™ i the rows. Each alternate nlant should e drawn first as soon as they become sable, which will give those left a chance > develop. For those plots are in the open eld il would be better to defer sowing ntil the end of March or early April. The rincipal afciumn and winter crop should I' e sown about the middle or end of Juno, tl electing such varieties a.g Red Globe or w king's Gajrden Swede. After sowing and w binning the principal attention required C rill be to keep the hop going regularly be- ween the rows. g: Turnips ara very slibiect to the attacks 6E f a small beetle, called Click Beetle, but P hese may be kept in check by dusting the ows with limo or soot, or spraying with 11 a.raffin emulsion. This is made by adding ° wine-glassful of pamfEn to a bucket of P Lot wnter in which has been dissolved c. .bout 3ozs. of soft soap. The whole is to a te well cnumed up with a syringe before h HiffQ inp- Do not wait for the appearance ?of ft t t- i fl px  'entativ?. 'i The carrot is also a 'na?ve wilding, and s aa be found in t1üs district in the neigh- a wurhocd of HangeBneeh. The culture of he carrot is very similar to that of the n urnip. and the same remarks apply here ° is to the preparation of the land and c Irills. A <5mall sowing may be made In r tfarch of the Early Horn varieties, but he main crop is generally sown about the 1 niddle of April. If the soil is not ven, [eep the Short Horn varieties will succeed >est, but if deep and light, then the Inter- n nl-diate section will give the best return. > Carrot seed should not be sown thickly, t md to obviate this it is a good plan to nix it with a small quantity of sand. Im- nediate'y the seedlings have made a kocond leaf they should thinned, but ¡his should not be carried too far, as the mall roots the size of your finger may l e ) Irawn and used early for souns, stews, ;tc.. leaving those left plenty of time and oom to develop fully. Beet-root is an exceedingly valuable < winter vegetable, and., from the amount tf 'Ugar which it contains, is highly nutri- ( ious. It is much ussd as a srdad in eon- r uncHon with celery. Its cultivation is 1 rery similaT to the carrot and turnip. ] rhe rniind or turnip-rooted varieties do j best on shallow or gravelly soil,?, while the f ong- va^jetie? are only suitable for deep, j (veil-tilled soils. An early crop may be ] obtained bv making a psnnll sowing early] n April of the Imriroved Globe types, but -I- p mn,in crop, should not be sown until the ;nd of the month, or early in May. At- ] Mention must be paid to thinning and keep- ing the ground well hoed. Salt is very beneficial to beet-roots and carrots, and should be applied twice during thp season it the rate of 1 oz. to three gallons of ( water. The parsnip is deservedly a very popular vegetable with cottagers and allotment- holders. It may be grown on almost any soil, but the best is a deep light loam which has been vrell manured the pre- vious year, and deeply dug during the autumn. As ti-ti parsnip requires a long season of growth. seeds should be sown at once. The g-rounds rhould bo prepared as advised for turnips, and drills should lJOe drawn a foot apart and one and a half inches deep. The seed should be sown in patches of three or four every nine or twelve inche?. The seedlings should be thinned a? OOn as they are lar?p PTiou?h, and left about a foot apart. The only ether attention necessary will be to keep the PiOil well stirred between the rows, as tn the cape of other crops described. The best varietv to grow is Tender and True, wtile The Student and Hollow Crown can also be recommended. Ii/PPj/i V DCUi vinpn Yt bLM. 1 ni-mipjutn, I -4-1" _L.1_ ue yvwtymc JU » since my last notes were written has come as a rcliaf to many plot-holders, who have been viewing their unturned plots and enforced inactivity with some concern. Ty will now be able to push on with their digging with all speed, as the season for sowing and planting is fast approach- ing. REPLIES TO QUERIES. «i • /-« s' A- a Xiolis vue. —x auvite, vuu "43 fr<>sh slaked or caustic, lime at the rate vi four; Tsusljels to a lO-pole plot. It can be applied now ;it the time of digging, but do not apply manure at t same time. As I have had many enouiric? on t'he plots astto tHe use of lime, I am deal- ing with, the subject in my notes next week.

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