Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

28 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

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Newyddion
Dyfynnu
Rhannu

Mr. O'Crrady, M.P., went to Copenhagen to discuss with M. Litvinoff, the representa- tive of Soviet Russia, the question of ex- changing prisoners of war. M. Litvinoff, as was expected, seized upon the opportunity to outline the conditions upon which the Bol- shevist Government would like to conclude peace. On the one hand they desire to woognise the Bolshevist sovereignty and re- enter into political and commercial relations with the tract of North and Central. Rusm<\ which it controls. In return, they would, amongst other things, recognise the Russian war debt. of 568 millions owing to us, return their prisoners, ana afford facilities for mu- traal commercial intercourse, exchanging food and raw material for our manufactures, to the gain of Russia and Britain. Where such ma offer would be sterilised is upon the point of a British or Allied insistence that a free Constituent Assembly should be convoked to establish a democratic constitution for Rus- sia. We are desired, for substantia.! mone- tary and economic concessions, to waive that principle and recognise a, despotism more ab solute than Russia has known since Ivan the Terrible, There is an obvious trap. The Bolshevist peace would be good for Bolshevism; "see how these capitalists snap at a golden bait" wouJd be. their version of an acceptance of such terms. In addition, they would obtain recognition for their usurpation of power, and the Allies would be committed to an endorsement of a mani- fest tyrannv that stands, in another coun- try, for & principle not dissimilar to that against which they fought when they com- batted Germany. Bolshevism would yield nothing ard gain everything. It would have the authority of a recognised order of govern- ment. It would have stabilised and durable economic conditions. The Allies on their part would make a surrender of idealism that would be intensely repugr.ant to their instincualified though it might be by a mental reservation that after all in a country in the stage of development of Russia the tyranny that has been set in the saddle by the revolution in succession t« the over- thrown system of Czaxdom is, after ail, not vnfiUed to its needs and capacities, and that it is but another example of a revolution run- ning an historic; course. The situation in any case will not permit for ever of the present negative policy. The Allies cannot fight Bolshevism by arms; they are eeaeing to support indirectly its native enemies. The latter are not pros- pering in their campaign. Kolchad's ana Yudenitch's forces have been broken up or driven almost off the map. Denikin is now the target of a concentration oi all avail- able Bolshevist forces, and he iacks the back- ing oi an established and effective adminis- trative system in the country he lias over- run such' as gives weight and stability to the Bolshevist military systenl--IC(i it a con- siderable extent by former Csarist generals, who consider personal place and power a* attractive under w, e despotism under an- other. The possibility has to be reckoned with., of the disappearance of military oppo- sition to Belshevism, or the discovery that the latter can hold its ground at least in North Russia. The Allies in this eventuality cannot treat a great tract of Russia as a species of Tibet by diplomatic boycott re- lations with Bolshevism will perforce have to fallow. Tha* is the simple logic of the situu- taon. Matters have not yet reached that stage, 'ni Sw situatipn has to be reckoned with of the wjrtiaj triumph at least of a svstem which the Allies are not now attempting to destroy, and 'that they do not yet feel called upon to recognise. There is the other aspect of "shaking hands with mnrder." There is Wisforicai precedent, however, and much of I it recent, for relations with a Government j of nttiemote past s^gh t' fillip" It? pfesSrve *Ialil, to Aesfi&i Turkey, despite the earlier Armenian mas- sacres. Savagery in the case of small savage States would be promptly suppressed, j Savagery on the part of powerful countries fe not meddled with, because it would in- ?&!ve "nqUe?,. upon a huge scale. The peo- ?Je of this country when they read of Bol- ;hevi?t massages have to make up their li-,inda, whether they will take up a crusade or >ave the responsible system to its own fete. There is no middle way between fight- ing it or ultimately reoognising it. I As to the atrocities, there is no shadow of doubt. The massif pocple credit what Col. John Ward saw with his own eyes in Siberia, and what numbers of other British people—officer^, mercantile men, and refugee British ladies like the Misses Healv—simi- larly 0 witnessed in South Russia. The latest and in some ways the most horrible testi- mony is that from the former British chap- lain in Odessa, the. Reverend Mr. Courtier Foreter. The city was seized by Bolshevist elements with the assistance of some 4.000 .criminals released from the gaols. What followed reveals, as in the ease of the even less pardonable German atrocities, how close to the surface lurks the beast ir. the t\vt>n- j tieth-century European. Civilisation is ¡ amply the bars of the cage that confines the í ape and the tiger iij human naftire in the passion of great crises these bars aye i swept away, there is a prompt rever.-ior; to I a ferocity beside which the law of the jungle and merciful. ( t Amidst this ghastliness, animalism, and bjasptíemy-" Te following Sunday after- noon I was passing throwgh the Town Gar- dens, when I saw a group of Bolshevist sol" diers insulting an ikon of the tihern -crowned Face of Christ. The owner.. of the ikon was spitting in the pictured Face, 'while the others were standing rouwd watcihing with loud guffaWli. of laughter. Presently they tore the sacred picture into fragments, danced on it, and trampled and stamped the pieces into the mud"- -i^rim humour rounded off the tragedy. Men and women were often stripped of their clothing in the streets, and the SatiricaJ- paper of South Russia, the 8 Scourge,' brought out a full-page rar- tcon representing one of the dhief streets of the city, with a naked man and woman de- parting hand in hand up the road while a group of unkempt Bolsheviks with men's trousers and women s underclothes Butter- iiag on their ariflo were seen running in the opposite direction. Beneo.th was the observation; Odessa the World hnds p- anew. "The house in the Catherine Ckjuare in -hich I -as first in captivity afterwards l orture in became the Bolshevik*' House ()ti o¡ture in which hundreds of vi,tims %eL, done to death. The shrieks of the people being tor- tured to death or having splinters of wood :In ven under the quick of their nails were ov agonising aA' d appalling that personal friends of my o-,vn living more than a bammed yards away were obliged to fasten their douhJO windows to prevent the cries of1 •<iogU«>b penetrating into the house The or aim fear of the surviving citizens was 0that the Bolsheviks kept motor- Jornes thundering up and down the street to drown the awful screams of agony wrung jftfcia <iymS victims. ————. There ¡ore peopJe who maintain that, with theatres open and electric, trams run- P. ?arcR'' ac £ exist, ;md ?hat Hie P1 ^°viet Ru? ? «oth secure &n? pleasant. d1d not find ?. ?(). Ihtere U a halting place ?r the .!&c?ic earb ?" th(? ?rnbr oi KamÙ. ?y? 'M'd G?cheskay& Returning from the ?c at U.?o.one morning. I encoun?red a fared and frightened group at thi^ poiut. reveale the fact that. the Bolsheviks kad iust succossfaiiy murdered two unpro- .ecUd and dw^ce^^ vronier, waiting for 1-"13 < to into the citv shopping. Their «,riJe WM that both clothe5 ard manners í,w"d to be Bourjouit) (boargecis). M-o in the h..anatnaya one morning a work- J ka woman was shot for the sport, of the jjjiag while running across the road tI' pUr- bottle of milk for her < bilorcn. Her 'io-iv was iving by the kerb ai I came by, the ftle smashed, and milk and blood stream- | ing dovrn iut. house door stood W- n I her cp-o httleo children avW; -Aiitt, I «

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