NOTES AND, COMMENTS The Military Service Bill secured a .,niajiority of 39a. There were some changes in the Welsh voting. Among the rem- nant of 39 who went into the Lobby against the Hecand leading were Mr. E. T. John, Mi-. T. iiichards and Mr. W. Abraham—the division liet was not com- plete at the hour of writing, but we hope it will be found that this completes the iiist of Welsh last-ditchers- For Mr. Aaquith removed the last doubts that lingered in the minds ot the suspicious. iir. Llewelyn Williams the other day complained that the Prime Minister had not deposed that the Bill was a military mwomity. The Prime Minister spoke ffainly and definitely enough on this point on Wednesday eveniug. He said, with all the emphasis he could com- mand, and speaking on behalf of all lllb colleagii" in the Cabinet and in the Government, unless you enabla us by passing this Bill to obtain these men we cannot do our part in the prosecution of the war." It is difficult to ijnagino the state of iniod of itnn, who after that grave statu- weitt could go into the Lobby against the Bill- The explanation is c-ither that they huve exalted tbo voluntary system to the place of a fetish, or that they regard tbemselves as military pxperts to whom; tbfi Prime Minister's military advisers cannot hold u candle. One or the other. But there arc "ulterior motives." It waa probably ulterior motives H which 1«4 the South Wales miners to the re- grettable decision at which they arriTed. Mr. James still with his eyes ckwod to the lessons of Merthyr and bifi •are deaf to the voice of democracy, argmimj that if the Military Service Bill w? passed conscription would liece- a r- rmanent institution in the country." Jut the Prime MraMt?r, whose word is hi bund ?the whole wu2try over, exj?lici-t v? declared that he had no fear that this Bill might be used as a starting point for the adoption of general compulsion; and with regard to the ulterior motives his lan- guage was very direct. Dealing with the possibility that this Bill might be used not as a stepping stone to universal con- scription. but as an instrument to indus- trial compulsion," he said: Nothing was further from the inten- tions ot the trainers of the Bill than that it should be u¡,("<! or should be ca- pable of being u-sed for any such pur- pose—(hear, hear)—and ho hoped that not only members in all quarters of the House, but the vast mass of his fellftw countrymen engaged in industrial pur- suits would accept, as he believed they I would, that assurance. That statement should have a profound frect upon the conference of miners to be held to-day. The resignations of the three Ministers have been withheld as a result of a meeting with the Premier. The speeches at the Cardiff conference were delivered in ignorance of Mr. Asquith's new assurances, which ought to have their effect at the London gathering. As for the proposed down-tools" policy which will he urged by South Wales extremists, unless the Govern- ment withdraw the Bill." what can be said i No purpose will lie gained by abus- ing the men who put forward that policy; indeed, mischief may be done.Jut do they not see that they are endeavouring to set themselves up as the dictators uf the land, and that, whatever betides, the country will never tolerate govern .nant from the coal-pits, or any other secr.ion. Such an act would never lie forgiven by the country, however speedy the repen- tance of the men who took part in it. To place the command of the sea in peril, tc slow down the production "f munitions — and upon munitions depend British lives— to contribute to such risks we can hardly credit will be the decision Qf the miners. It u&ed to be said of the British people, before the war, that the one subject about which the average man would confess ignorance without confusion, was foreign polit ie". To-day all that is changed. The average man knows more to-day about the poli tical lile of the continent, of the men who lead it, than even the famous politi- cal upholsterer of Addison's famous essay. But of the internal life of our great Dominions how many Britishers know much? We sadly lack education in this respect, for presently it will begin to dawn upon the people of this island that the war has begun to revolutionise not only home affaire, but the very founda- tions M the Empire. How, in that won- derful world after the war. shall we stand together as British people? In what relationships? Questions buch as these are even now in the air. Sir- Robert BorApn, the Canadian Prime Minister, spola* in New York the other day, and we have before us a fairly full report of the address he delivered to the New England Society. It was a notable address; the woud«?r is that echoes of it have not been I sounding on this side of the ocean- For Sir Robert Borden, claiming that Canada has made her loyalty a living principle in a finer way than ever before, and declar- ing that Our Empire seems to us some- thing greater than it was a year ago," and that when mighty armies from the I Dominions and Dependencies arrayed themselves in its battle line a new and impressive epoch in its history was marked, went on to add: Those pregnant events have already given birth to a new order. It is rea- lised that the great policies and ques- tions which coneern and govern the issues of peace and war cannot in future be assumed by the people of the British Islands alone. We would do well to heed these words Jrom the great Dominion, for as the Canadian Prime Minister speaks, eo do also the leaders of the other parts of the Empire. It is a wonderful and sustaining note w.iiich comes booming over the waters. The journals of the Commonwealth &nd Dominions are line cures for de- pression. Here is an example from The Montreal Witness We have in Canada heard the boast in distinguished quarters that we will at-and by the Mother Country 'j the last man and the last dollar. It is not the Mother Country we are stand- ing by, but the cause of the Empire and of the world." And there is inspiration in the peroration of the Premier's speech, part of which we have already quoted. Realizing to the full the tragedy of this war," said Sir Robert, "we in Canada pray that the whirring loom of time may weave the mighty events of the next twelve months into an abiding peace. But there is with us the most intense convic- tion that the cause for which we fight does truly ("neern the freedom of the world, and that there can be no enduring peace until it fully prevails. Interwoven with this conviction is an equally intense and unalterable determination to spare no effort and shrink from no sacrifice necessary to make go groat a cause triumphant. Finally we have faith that this war heralds not the dies ae: but the regeneration of our civilization, founded, as it is, upon so many centuries of aspiration, endeavour, and sacrifice; faith also that humanity's struggle against i he enthronement of force above right will not be in vain." All this was said—and c-b,-PT-d to* the eeb-o,-in a New York banquet ting hall which was decorated with American and British flags. and in which the orchestra played the national airs of America and England. And yet during the next few weeks, it is being suggested that the United States will seek to embarrass Great Britain with a Note objecting most vigorously to our contraband procedure; and a Washington correspondent hints that if we are obdurate the demand for an embargo upon export of munitions may grow to inconvenient proportions. Most of the talking that is now going on in the United States, Ilowowr, can be dis- missed as lacking a really serious basis. As a commentator declared yesterday, The confused political situation, and all the racial and material prejudices that react upon it, make it necessary for the Government to pay what, to English observers, may seem exaggerated defer- ence to croes-currents of opinion." The parties are jockeying for position in view of the coming Presidential election. President Wilson is assailed bitterly for his programme. President Wilson I from the beginning strained every re- source at his command to maintain the neutrality of the United States, says one home critic; he has risked his own per. sonal popularity, the standing of the United States among the great Powers, and the future safety of the country in spreading abroad a reputation for inex- haustible patience under insult and in- jury. It will be his virtue, according to the party managers, that be kept the States out of war. And a few twists to the lion's tail, which the lion does not mind, may be considered necessary in order that the President halI keep per- fectly' balanced on the tight-rope of neutrality.
At .Sw- J>oliœ' Coart <?u 'tTmrsd? th? Ueen?e of the W?te Hart Hotel,] ? (?xfoT'd-?tre?'t, n?s transferred t? M r. Chirks Sidney Baker, the ?lice rwiz¡ no o m entum,
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT V ———— House of Commons, Wednesday. Sir Alfred Mond asked the Under- Secretary for War whether he could state what had the Dumher of men who had attested during the months of March, April, May. June, July, August, and Sep- tember of last year. Mr. Tennant: It is not considered de- sirable in the public interest to give this information. Sir Alfred Mond asked the Under-Secre- tary for War whether he could state what was the total number of men of military age who were canvassed under the Derby scheme, the total number obtained, and the number of single men who declined to promise to attest? Mr. Tennant: No information exists at the War Office containing the figures for which my right hon. friend ask6. Sir A. Mond: Will my right hon. friend say whetliar figures exist in any other De- partment ? Mr. Tennant: I am afraid I should have to make very wide inquiries before I could answer that. Military Service Bill Carried. The two days' debate on the second reading of the Military Service Bill, and the motion of rejection proposed by Mr. Anderson, the Labour member for the Atterciiffo division of Sheffield, concluded in the House of Commons on Wednesday night. At e leven o'clock the House divided, and there votod:- J'orthf Second Reading 431 Against 39 Government Majority 392 When the measure was brought forward on Thursday last, the voting was as fol- I lows :— -For leave to introduce the BiU 403 I Aaa:rist 105 1 Government Majority 298 I The Committee Ptage of the Bill will be takon on Monday. Mr. Asquith took part in the debate. I earner in the evening, and again ex-I pressed the hope that during the interval j between now and the enactment of the Bill, the single men will have come for- ward in sufficient numbers to render the measure superfluous. HOUSE OF COMMONS, Thursday. I A new writ was ordered to be issued for an election in the Chesterton Division of Cambridgeshire, consequent upon the ac- ceptance by )(1'. Montagu of the office of the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. British Interests in Bulgaria. 1 Sir Edward Grey informed Sir Edwin Cornwall that British interests in Bul- garia were in the hands of the United I States Charge dJAifaires at Sofia. British subjects in Bulgaria were free to leave the country if they wished to do so. So far as was known none were interned. Victimisation of Neutrals. I Sir E. Cornwall askfd whether belligerents who wilfully destroyed tha iivas of persons belonging to neutral States by inhuman methods of warfare were, under the practice and custom of Inter- national LlW, entitled to purchase an in- demnity by the payment of money to in- dividuals. Sir E. Grey said no action of the British Government had given occasion for euch a question to arise between British and neutral Governments. He was not aware or any international law which had the effect described in the question. Interned Submarine Crew, I Mr. Swift MacNield asked -whether the crew of the British submarine which sank oil Texol on the 6th inst., and who were mscued by a Dutch cruiser, had been interned at Gronigen, and whether, having regard to the fact that the British sub- marine was not sank by a belligerent, the detention or internment of the crew by the Dutoh Government was contrary to the principles and practice of luter- national Law? Sir E. Grey said the crew had been in- terned, but the place of internment had been kept unknown. Article 13 of Con- vention ten of the Hague drew no distinc- tion between ships sunk by the enemy and vessels sunk in the ordinary course of navigation. Enemy Companies Bill.. i Mr. PretyAall informed Mr. Butcher that a Bill dealing with enemy companies I and firms trading in this country would I shortly be introduced. Pledge to Married Men. I Mr, King asked tho Prime Minister I whether, in view of the doubts prevalent concerning what constituted youth in the pledgo given concerning young unmarried men, he would say whether all unmarried men to the age of 41 were held to be young. Mr. Asquith said he thought his hon. friend wuold agree it was difficult, not impossible, to define the precise boundary line at which a man ceased to be ytvung. (Laughter), For this purpose he would be disposed to regard all men of military age as being prima facie still young. Mr. King: Is not. each man the best judge for him.If as to whether he is young or old? (Laughter). The Prime Minister's answer was in- audible. Scotland's Contributions to the Forces. I Mr. Hogge asked the Prime Minister whether he wa-A aware Scotland had given more men to the Army and the Navy in proportion to her population than any ether portion of the United Kingdom, and whether he was prepared to furnish the House with ifgures to enable it to de- termine whathw Scotland should, like Ireland, be excluded from the provisions of the Military Service Bill. Mr. Aequifh said recruiting in Scot- land had undoubtedly been most success- ful, but the figures asked for were not at present available. Single Men's Exemption. I Mr. Aaquitli informed Mr. Joy neon Hie" that a single man with dependants might claim to be exempted from com- pu]a>ry eniistjHeB?, and an attested man with a widowed mother dependent upon him was entitled to claim aimilar exemp- tion under the Derby scheme.
LABOUR REASSURED. I Premier's Explicit Promise of Safeguards. I Mr. Asquith met the Labour leaders on Wednesday afternoon, and as the result of his arguments and assurances Mr. Hen- denpn and his colleagues agreed to with- draw their resignations from the Coalition Ministry pending the forthcoming Labour Conference at Bristol. The Premier told the Labour members that there had never been any intention to xtse the Bill as a weapon against the workers, and he promised that on the Committee stage amendments should be introduced which would eliminate the slightest suspicion of industrial corapui- sion. Th.is- assurance Mr. Asquith repeated in the Hoime of Commons in the following worda: Our intention is that the Bill should not b* oapabte of being used for eony form of industrial compulsion. We 4r4 engaged, &nd J hope we shall he. success- ful, in devising UKithinsrv and safe- gn:fi.l'ds w is K''h will prevent the pos- sibility of any such evasion and any such abuse of the measure by any em- ployer who may be so minded.
FATAL ACCMTAT LLAMBIE JerenuaJi Hho;, of no fixed alvxite, WM run over by a horwi arnf trap at LLsbdebie on Monday night, azui he died laifer- I
THE WORKHOUSEGrilEDY I MR. BALL DENIES MARGATE ALIESATIGHS I The Swansea Workhouse Visiting Com- mittee met at the institution on Wednes- day, Atr. Harry Williams presiding. It was reported on Tuesday tnat 30 children of the Cottage Homes and &0 in- mate? of the Workhouse \'itd the Elysium, and greatly enjoyed the pictures. At the cu?elu&ion of the performance orange etc., were given to them. Thanks were expressed to the management and to Mr. David James (Tramways Company). The children of the Cottage Homes were invited to attend a performance at the Carlton Cinema. The oft-debated question of Margarine v. Butter again cropped up, when Mr A.. R. Ball was asked to explain statements alleged to have been made by inmates on the u&e of margarine at the Workhouse, Mr. Ball said that, according to custom, he vieited the wards, and came across the inmates referred to as they were having tea. He expressed the opinion that he would not eat margarine, but he did not counsel them not to eat it. He could not tell them not to eat it, a" he could not go against the cleckioi) of the Board. But he was against the use of margarine. Some of the Labour members or the com- mittee urged Mr. Ball to have the women before the committee, so that he could question them and at the same time clear himself. Mr. Ball: I do not widl to cross-examine the inmates, it is their word against my word. Again, with regard to the state- ment that I told them that margarine would be used nex Monday," I flatly con- tradict it. I did not know when it would be given out. Mr. Harry Williams said that last week, when the women came before them, they said that Mr Ball told them the best thing to do was not to take the margarine.. He (Mr. Williams) thought they ought to get the women in again and question them. Mr. Bail: ;o! But I will get to the bottom of this if it takes me twelve months. The Itev. E. O. Evans agreed with the oh airman. Mr. Ball: The Press has made a comedy of it, but to me it is a tragedy. Mr. Evans: The only way 18 to get the women in here. Mr. W. H. Thomas: Seeing that Mr. lie,11 was the mover of tho resolution that wa try margarine for a month, he is in an awkward position. Mr. Wm. Owen: Mr. Ball merely ex- pressed an opinion. and surely no one can take exception to his expressing an opinion. Therefore (addressing Mr. Ball) unless you see those people (the women) the opinion here is going to be against you. If you see them you stand a chance of being vindicated. Mr. Jeffries: V\c cannot accept the statement. The fact that he made the remarks influenced them. Mrs Williams: Insubordination has been, fostered and the Board has been flouted. To hush it up would be to fool the Board and the Committee. Several jnembers advised letting the matter drop. Father Harrington: It is very serious. Mr. Evans: If we are to accept the statement of the women, Mr. Ball incited them to boycott the margarine. That is the seriousness of it. Ultimately Father Harrington proposed that the women again appear before the committee. The women, four in num- ber, were brought in. The first two stated that Mr. Ball did not mention any time when the margarine was going to start, as, added one, he did not know. We saw in the papers that margarine was going to start in the New Year. We refused it'because we thought it was margarine. Mr. Ball did not tell us not to eat it, ho told us to complain." One of their number, it was stated, asked Mr. Ball if he knew when the mar- garine was going to start, but did not hear his reply. The other wpmen oould give no coherent replies, making statements and almost immediately contradicting them- selves. Finally, Mr. Wm. Owen proposed that after investigations conducted by the committee in Mr- Sail's presence, the com- mittee was of tlle opiuion that the in- i mates had failed to substantiate their' allegations against him. The proposition was carried, and the I matter dropj>ed-
LtANCADGCK ROLL OF HONOUR I Among Llaugadock boys with the colours now on leave arE) Sergts. W. J. Lloyd, Dan P. James (of the nrm of Wm. and Walter James and Son, auctioneers), and Torn Evans, all of the Pembroke Yeomanry; Pte. Joe Davies, 4th S.W.B.; and Driver Jack Davies, R.E. The latter is on eliort furlough, from the trenches in France. A welcome-home gathering was accorded him at tho Back way Schoolroom. Mr. W. it. Jamee (Frondeg) presided. Solos wore contributed by Sergt. W. J. Lloyd, Misses Morgan and Lily Jones, Messrs. D. Dicks, Jno. Thomas (Mayor of Ltangadick), W. J. Gra voile- and Driver Jack Davies (comic). Recitation* were given by Mi*« Mytanwy Dyer (a descendant of tho poet Dyer), a.nd Mr. D. Dicks. Driver Davies is to be presented with a watch by his Llangadock friends in recognition of his services to King and Country. During the last few days the following Llangadock boya have joined the colours: Llewellyn Meredith, Tyrheol, 7th Welsh; Willie James, Backway, and Darid Moeee, Caerbont, Pembroke Yeomanry.
THE HOME SECRETARYS SEAl. I The King arrived at Buckingham l Palace early on W cdneeday afternoon, and subsequently held a Privy Council, at which there were present the Marquis I of Lanadowne, Ur. Herbert Samuel, and Lord Stamford'ham, with Sir Alroeric Fitzroy, Clerk of the. Council. 1. Prior to the meeting his Majesty re- ceived Sir John Simon, who relinquished his seal of office as Secretary of State for the Home Department, and that seal was subsequently bestowed upon the new Home Secretary. Mr. Herbert SamueL Later the King, in his capacity as Duke of Lancaster, bestowed upon Mr. Montagu the of office of Chancellor for the Duchy of iABcaster relinquished by Mr. Samuel.
"THE DIXIE KID." t At Westminster on Wednesday, Robert Allen Spencer (32), professional boxer, was fined ElCkO, in default three months' imprisonment, and Aaron Brown (32), professional boxer, known as "the Dixie Kid," was fined £ 30, or in default six weeks' imprisonment. The charge in both caeee was that of making fe.1ee (statements in order to en- able Spencer to obtain an American pass- port to leave the country. An application from th. Home Office for a certificate for Brown'a deportation as an undesirable alien was granted.
FELL UNDER THE TRAIN FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE RAILWAY AT WEST GROSS A fatal accident illustrating the danger of jumping off a train when in motion occurred on Tuesday night at West Cross Station. ,V, 16 years of d A young lady, 16 years of age, named Nellie John, the eldest daugiit<|r of Mr. and Mrs. Sam John, 5, Limekiln-road (opposite the' Castle), Mumbles, was re- tuning home by the train leaving Rut- land-street, Swansea, at 7.50 p.m. When tho train reached West Croi;, Station the young lady", who it appears was anxious to be in time in attending a prayer meeting at Bethany Baptist Church, West Cr0ó8, whero she was a member, jumped off in the wrong direc- tion and fell under the train. It is said that three carriages passed over her, severing her right arm and left leg, also inflicting severe injuries to her head. Mr. Albert Mock and Mr. Joseph Bailey, guards on the Mumbles Railway, quickly extricated the unfortunate young lady, and Dr. J. Cyril Curtis, of Southend, Mtimblos attended to hot- injuHes, and ordered her removal to the Swansea Hos- pital, whither she was conveyed in the motor ambulance, which was driven by Mr. W. L. Kelleher (of Messrs. T. P. Rose Richarde)), a well-known docksman. Police Inspector Da vies and Sergt. Wil- liams were also in attendance. The unfortunate young lady passed away at the hospital an hour or two after admission. Miss John was a bright and intelligent) girl, and very popular in the village. She was an assistant in the post office department at Mr. J. T. Davie6' estab- < lishment, Walter-road, Swansea. THE INQUEST. I The inquest was hold on Thursday by the Swansea Borough Coroner. Mr. Samuel John, deceased's father, gave evidence of identification. He said his daughter was 16 years of age, and employed in the Post Office. Walter-road, Swansea- Mr. Charles Clement, retired coach- builder, said that ho was travelling to the Mumbles by the 7,-M) train from Swansea oi Tuesday. Miss John was travelling b v the samo train. She was standing on the fore platform of the carriage, chatting to a friend. This was just before the train entered W t Cross. Deceased then got on to the firft step. Witness's wife thereupon said to deceased H Oh. dear! Don't jump until the train stops"; and deceased replied, Oh, it's all right Then she stopped on to the lower step and turned round with her back to the engine, catching hold of the rail with her left hand. Deceased's friend then paid to her, Well, if you are going, good- bye She then stumbled over in front of the step, and was under in an instant. In witne&s's opinion ehe stepped too short. Witness shouted, and the train was stopped.. Coroner: How far did the rrfiin tr&vol before it was stopped?—About the length ot three carriages. Witnoea added that there was no one to blame but the victim herself The girl's companion, Bronwen Ridd, contradicted the statement made by the former witness to the efiect that she said Good bye." Sho turned round to spa^k to rue, and, in doing so, slipped," said witness, and in. reply to a question by the Coroner, witness said, We all get on to the steps before the train stops. and wait on the steps." The Coroner: I think that you had better discontinue that practice, as many deaths occur in that way. Have you ever bftn admonished by the guarda. or the officials for doing so? Witness: Yesi several times. The Coroney: I hope this will be a le;S<J1\ to you! Joseph F. Bailey, guard, said the prac- tice was a common one, and exceedingly difficult to stop. He heard shouting, and the train was stopped. The wheels of two cars had passed over dacea<»ed, but, appar- ently, fciie third carriage knocked her inside the track. As far as he could see, the right leg and right arm were severed, and there were injuries to the head. Dr. I/ouden'e report showed that de- ceased had fractured her right arm and leg, a;id injured the Jpt't arm. Death was due to shock following the injuries. i The jury returned a verdict of death from injuries accidentally received whilst alighting from the train, and found that no blame was attachable to anyone. Sym- pathy was expressed with the relatives by the jury, and alta) by Mr. Geo. Davies on behalf of the railway company.
WELSH BABMT'S APPEAL TO WIfE. On Thursday afternoon, in the Divorce Court, Mr. Justice Bargrave Deanc granted Lady Enid Evelyn Malet Wil- liams-Drummond a decree for restitution of conjugal rights against her husband, Sir James Hamlyn Williams Williams- Drummond, of, Midlothian and Edwin&- ford, Llandilo, South Wales. In the course of a letter to his wife, re- spondent wrote I have found that since wo married that I do not love you, though, believe me, I care for you very much. I am in love with Mrs. Long, and it is impossible for me to live with any- body else. Our life would be miserable together, so we had better separate. When we married I thought I should be able to care only for you, but I find I cannot live with you. Try and forget me if you can. This will be my laet letter."
SWANSEA FREEMASONRY At a meeting of the I ndef ittigable Lodge of Freemasons held at the Masonic Hall, Caer-street, Swansea, on Monday, ;M.. J. D. Rawlings was installed Wor- shipful Master. The Worshipful Pro- vincial Grand Master (Major C. Ven- ables Llewelyn) was not albip, to lie pre- oent being on active service, but the Worstiipful Deputy Provincial Grand Master (Mr. H. P. Charles) was present. The following officers were appointed: Wor. Bro. J.. Broad Exoell, I.P.M.; Bro. Wilfrid J. Phelps. S.W.; Bro. John. J. Chappell, J.W.; Wor. Bro. Hy. Simons, Treasuror; Bro. R. G. Pees, Secretary; Pto. T. Oakley Walters, S.D.; Bro. D. Emlyn Reos, J.D.; Wor. Bro. J. T. Harris, D.C.; Bro. T. D. Jones, Organist; JJro. D. R- Davies, Asst. Seci-etaryr Bro. T. W. Ellis, I.G.; Bro. S. H. Alabaster, Bro. A. E. Thomas, Bro. W. A. Beanland, and Bro. Edgar Williams, Stewards; Bro. David L. Thomas, Asst. Charity Steward; Bro. H. G. Davies, P.P.G. Tyler. Owing to the war the customary banquet did not take place. The annual installation in connection with the Royal Welsh Lodge of Free- masons, No. 378, was held at the Masonic Temple, on Tuesday afternoon, when W. Bro. T. D. Williams, of Swansea, was installed at W.M. bv W. Bro. Philip Mor- gan, P.M., r.G.Std.B. The W.M. then appointed the following officem: W. Bro. Col. F. C. Mevrick, C.B., I.P.M.; Bro. P. W. Thomas, S.W.; Bro. H. Petlv, J.-W.; W. Bro. W. G. Beer, P.M., P.P.G.J.D., Treasurer: W. Bro. E. G. Elford. P.M., P.P.S.G.W., Secretary; Bro. W. J. Smith, I.G.; Bro. F. E. Wilkins, organist; Bro. F. J. James, D.C.; Bro. D. Griffiths, S.S.; Bro. H. J. Craddoek, J.S.; Bro. H. Hinrh- cliffe, W. Bro. G. Edwards, P.M., Tyler. An address WM given by W. Bro. R. Percy Simpson, M.A., secretary of the R.M. Institution for Girls. The annual banquet was not held, but the W.M. in- vited those present to refreshments in the ante-room after tho lodge was closed, when a musical programme was rendered.
MYSTERY OF THESEA. I Mr. R. W. Beor, deputy coroner for the county, hold an inquest on Wednesday at Worn Cottage, Rhoerily, on the body of an unknown man discovered on the Leacil the previOT16 day. John Rowe, carpenter, Llangennith, de. posed that ho was going to work at 9.45 on Tuesday morning when he oheervod & body being washed up with the incoming tide, and he gave information to the police. P.O. Thomas, iti charge of the Port- eynon district, said deceased was a negro of about 25 years of age. The body had been in the water about a month, and was much decomposed, the eyes being missing. Deceased was dree.«ed in a dungaree suit, daik grey lfannel shirt, and drawers. He wore red mixtures socks, tight leather boots, with patent leather tops, and a leather belt. Deceased had also a life- belt on, and in the pocket was an empty tobacco-box. The jury eventually returned a verdict o* Found drowned." i ■■■
I' PURCHASES MUST BE ENTERED I Henry Goldsblattm, metal dealer, W'8f1 charged at Swansea Police Court on Toeer day with failing to enter in his book the purchase of 4cwt. 1 quarter and Dibs, of copper wire on December 14th .-Deteetive Francis gave evidence. When he asked defendant's son, a boy 15 years of age, why the entry was not made, the boy .00.- plied, Father and I were tQo tired to enter it." Defendant himself Mid it was dark, and impoaeiblo to enter it in the book. The Chairman (Mr. J. W. Jon«) re- marked that defendant kpew the purchase ought to "have been entered. There was a purpose evidently. If the stuff had been stolen, defendant might have had it in. bought it and eold it again, and the polioo would never have found where it had gone. That was one of the objects of having fbom registered. Defendant would be fined 30a.
Spending ten days' holiday in Bryn- amroa-n are Able Seaman Aneurin Jones and Able Seaman Eben Richards, both survivore of the King Edward VII. They are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. William Jones, Cwmgarw-road, and Mr. and Ure. William Kichordfi, Llzwtdidcroa- d. The late Sir Andrew Noble, chairman of W. G. Armstrong, Whitworth and Co.. Ltd., left eetato of the grow value of £734,418. The net persoaalty amounting to C-i 00,959.
I MINERS'CONFERENCE "DOWN TOOLS" POLICY If BILL BECOMES LAW. (By Our Mining Correspondent). Cardiff, Wednesday A special conference of delegates repro. eenfcing the Miners' Federation of Soatk Wales and Monmouthshire was hold thif mining at th. Cory Memorial Hull, Car* dill". Mr. James W instone presided, anx) there was practically a full attendance ol the council of the South Wales Miner6 Federation. The delegates preeent nam* ( be red 281, representing ¡:ki,340. Mr. Tom Richards, M.P., the eecretaryv • was absent, having proceeded to London to attend the conference of the Jaboui Party, and Mr. Alfred Onions acted 811 secretary pro tem. The Chairman, in opening the puooeed. ings, delivered a lengthy speech, in whiclt he deprecated compulsion ae a measure likely to lead to internecine war. A resolution against the Compulsorv Military Service Bill of the Go-vern- ment was proposed. A report was presented by Mr- Barker of the meeting of the Executive Council, and the other meetings attended by repre- senta-tives of the South Walee Mineref Federation respecting the opposition, to corr^pulsoiy military service. Several amendments were proposed, but ultimately the original resolution againat the Bill was passed. v The official report subsequently given by Mr. Onions did not state what the figures were for or against, but I ara told by one who was in the ilmuoor9 were:- -11 for the motion, 35 against. It "ill be seen, therefore, that, a ironi*' ber of delegates did not vote. Mr. Onions simply explained that the resolution ha.d been carried by an over- helming majority. Subsequently another resolution of oven greater importance to South Wales was passed, namely, That the delegates re- presenting South Wales should attend at the ctinferenoo of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain in London to-morrow bv request to advocate that if the Bill be- comes law, that a Down Tools Policy 14 should be adopted. It wa? farther decided that before the policy he put into operation, a ballot he taken of the whole of the miners of tha I nited Kingdom in order to ascertain their views. There wag a protest from the Western Valleys District against the decision of the council postponing the ballot for electing members to serve on the Miners' Federation Executive. A satisfactory ex- planation was given by the Chairman, and the matter dropped. The following resolution was submitted from the Merthyr Boroughs Lodges:— The Lodges of Merthyr wish to draw the attention of the conference to rito attitude of the members of the South Wales Miners" Executive in reiuerag r-i assist the miners' selected nominee. Mr. James Winstone, at the recent Merthyr Parliamentary Ejection, and ask that a full explanation of their conduct be giveu to the conference, and that a clearly de- fined policy be decided upon to govern art such occasions in future." After explanations by several nwmberq of the Executive, the resolution wtu ale- lowed to lie on the table.
PRiMIER TO RE E VE A REPORT. London, Thursday. There was a representative number of South Wales delegates present at ThU;900 day's special conference of the Minors* Federation of Great Britain, called to consider the Military Service (No. 2) Bill. The South Wales delegates arrived with instructions from the oocrerenoa held at (,!n:1.ru on Wednesday to vote a-gaanefc. the Bill. They will aim advocate, a Õó'J" tools-" policy in tho went of the Bill be. coming law, but before that course ie adopted they request that a ballot of miners of tho United Kin.g-dom fchouid be taken on the point Mr. Robert Smillie. addressed the dele- gates relative to the Military Servioe Bill, based upon the reports from the various cent res, which up to last night were prac- tically unanimous in opposing any measure of compulsion. Mr. Robt. Smillie, president cf the non-0 ference, introduced the matter of the Com- pulsory Service Bill, and explained that this conference had been called by the Executive Council, and acted under in, etructions from the annual conference at Nottingham. He suggested that in view of the districts having dealt with this matter and instructed their delegates thereon, it would not bo n&oeseary to havo a long debate. He suggested that repo rid should be handed in from the centres. Eeporte were handed in. These reports disclosed a large majority against tb4 Bill, and it was unanimously resolved by the conference to oppose the Bill, anc} that copies of the resolution should be sent to the Prime Minister. rhe President then stated tll.4tt th. Executive Council recommended that in the event of the Bill being passed inti) ,Aw,.that they should be empowered ta convene a further conference to congidef what further action should be taken, anti it was resolved that this recommendation be adopted. No Desira to Threaten the CabiMet. The Prees Association officially in? formed that the district reports dwclosecf a large majority agaiast the Bill, that it wae. unanimously resolved to oppot* the Bill.. It was also decided to send a report on the figures to the Prime Minister, and th* Executive Conunitfea were empowered tu call a natiosal conference to consider future action in the event of the Bill be- coming law. The Press Association was sli" allt%orl- tatively informed that the dechaon of tlbo Miners' Conference doft not mean in any sense that there has been a weaJkeiwog of the minors' opposition to compul- sion in any form. Tbe deewozi was axtived at practically ttaanv mously on the ground that the mineft da not consider it necessary to threatsnthir or any other Cabinet by meam of strike. but they believe the Government will realise the necessity in this caM as in vious cases since the rommeneeeaeut Od the war of consulting the miners before the Bill becomes law. In the event of the Prime suiting the Executive Ccawxtfttee of tf Miners' Federation before the Pusin.2 of the Bill, the National Conference may bl called immediately following any imcb interview. The conference then had before it the question of old we pensions, and a reeolu- tkm was unanimously owned caUfaog upon the executive caimnittee to seek an inter- view with the Prime Minister at tbtf earliest possible moment, urging up him the Doeeeaty of increasing th$Q¡d age penwoofi by at least 2s. 6d. per week, as the conference believed that old *8? ptaMMoere at present were absolutely nil- able to procure the bare aftemium 01. life, in consequence of the great increaaa in prices- The oonlereitce then proceeded to dis-- cuss the relationship of the Jjfixwrs Federation with the conference called br the General Board, which is opposed to] the Bill, the Transport Union, the Labour Party and the General Federation 01 Trades Unions. At the conclusion of the coafeMa-oa, it vas omcmily aJU1noed ?bat the ?* lowing wu the vc? in oonumum wi? the Military Service Bill: Affainst the SKM For the BIN. se,wo Nwitril I.H.MM | M'W" 2^1^
DAB Y RICHARDS. The effect of Virol was wonderful. 28, Star Lane, i Plaistow, E. p Dear Sirs, When my baby was born she was very small and delicate and gradually lost weight. She was terribly wasted and the doctor said her case was hope- ji less. I was advised to try Virol and ij the effect was wonderful. She at once ji began to gain in weight as you will see by the photoyraph. She is now eleven months, a fine healthy happy child, and certain!v owes her life to Virol. 1 cannot speak too highly of what it has done for my babv. and advise ajl mothers to use it for delicate children. I Mrs. RICHARDS. ￼ VIROL In Measles and Whooping Cough Virol should be given to children of whatever age. Viroi increases their power of resistance and recovery and strengthens them against dangerous after effects. « Prices, 1/ 1/8, and 2/11. YIBOL, LTD., 182-108, Old Binet, E.G. ..H.B. ,,n. & SITUATIONS VACANT. T^XFEK1 £ NCED General Wanted; two in tai-nily.-Apply.p-r-sonillv. tamos, 12, Prion ton-terrace, Swansea. PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENTS. TO AGRICULTURISTS. APPEAL FOR 9250,000. Upwards of 966,000 has already been raided and handed over to the British Red Cross Society and allocated to cer- tain schemes by arrangement. IRRITISE FARMERS' RED CROSS FUND. SWANSEA AND DISTRICT. AN AGRICULTURAL SALE on behalf fii.tlie above Fund will be held in SWANSEA during the First Week In FEBRUARY, 1916. Offers of Live and Dead Stock, Corn Produce, Poultry, Butter, Cheese, imple- ments, Tools, DOgii, Fancy 13irds, or Effects or any descriptiou, will be thank- fully received for this patriotic appeal, and entry forms may be obtained of the Committee or the Hon. Sees.:—John M. Leedar and Son, Swansea, w ho will be glad to have promises of help as early as possible. The Sales will be conducted free of ex- pense, so that the gross amount realised may be handed over to the British Fanners' Fund intact Hon. Anctioneorr.Sohn F. Harvey'and Sons, James and James, F. F. Meager (Beynon and Meager) David Roberts, JBdw&zd Roberta and Sone, if. C. Higman, John M. Leeder and Son, J. B. Paecoe, W. J. Rets and Pttftnere. Astley W. Samuel-
3IRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS. MARRIAGES. "XATTHJSWS-TWILLIAMS.—On Monday, Jan. 19th. 1915, at 8t. Telio's Church, Pontar- dula-if, by the Bev..Wm. Morgan, B.A., Vicar, Capt. Wm. MatKhews, Ponts-rdula.is, to Emma Williams, Maenclocbog, pem. brokeshire. DEATHS. ] DA VIES.—On (.he 7th inst., at 49. bt. I G-eorge'e-t&rreoe, Jabez Daviee, late Groear, High-etreet, Swansea, tho 6th inst., at "H»fod-y- Gan," Clrdach, Re-ohel, beloved wife of Booeh Richards (" Fcfrllanog ").
SPIRIT PRICES AT SWANSEA. I Swattisoa Licensed Victuallers have de- ddl that no retail spirits shall bo aold at less than 3d. tt glass; half noggin to be i 5jd., and noggin 10d. Bulk spiri in- creaa?d td. a pint. New scale will <x'm? into operation on Saturday, Jajm?ry 15. -=-
SCHOOLBOY'S SiCHET SOCIETY. I At the Children's Court at West Ham si* Plaistow schoolboys were charged with stealing some fruit and nuts, a van lamp and a table-knife, the property of a fruiterer. At the Iiee station eaeh of the lads had upon him a stone with a hole in it, and one lad said: I am the captain of the Piaiscow Lucky Stone Gang." Each one ifi given a st<al (In inning, and we ha-ve all itad good Itick up to now." The boys were mnaiadsd.
DEATH OF MR. RAMON JAMES. A former «hip-ehandl«r of Swansea passed away on Wednesday at the Swan- mn Hospital in the person of Mr. Ramon James. The deceased gentleman, who was about 65 years of age, was at one tima with Messrs. Tulioch and Co., but later ho commenced businewi on his own aocoant. Subsequently he settled in, Canada, and was on a bminese visit here w'hen taken ill. He leaves a widow and a gtown-up family. Mr. James was all expert yatMmMm and was one of those leading spirits in the formation of the Swansea Amateur Yachting Club. On the occasion of che Swansea Bay Boyal Regatta lie sailed Lord Dunraven's t.
I VALLEY MOTOR SMASH CODNTY COURT SEQUEL TO A COLUMN j At Neoth County Court on Wednesday, before his Honour audge Lloyd Morgan, David Morgan Evan. or the New Swan Hotel, Ystalyfcra, brought an action agaiwt Jamos Williams, of the Rheola Arms, Abercrave, claiming £ 57 8s. fd. Tnis represented damages to his motor car in a collision which plaintiff alleged II had been caused by defendant's negligence and furious driving. Mr. M&rlay bam- son (instructed by Messrs. Gee and Ed- wards, Swansea) appeared for plaintiff, ar d Mr. T'revor Hunter (instructed by Mr J«xtyn Jeffreys, Neath) for the defendant. Driver P. J. Williams, of the Motor- Transport Service, said that on the 28th July he was engaged by plaintiff to drive two passengers to Brecon. On the hill near the Castle Hotel, A her crave, defen- dant's car came round the bend at a fast speed, dashed into his oar, striking the bonnet and causing the damage the sub- ject of the claim. Cross-examined, witness said he put the foot-brake on and brought his car to a standstill before the collision. The first thing he did was to examine defendant's car after the accident, and he was of the opinion flint the driver could have averted the accident bad he applied the brakes properly. Mr. Richard L. Morgan, colliery pro- prietor, Ystalyfera. said he was a pas- senger in the unfortunate car, and ex. pressed the opinion that the driver of defendant's car lost hie head. Mr. Trevor Hunter: In what way? Witness: It looked like it by the way he came round the bend. Mr. Trevor Hunter How fast—twenty miles an hour? Witness: Yes. and more. Mr. Owen Powell, J.P., Brecon, another passenger, eaid the accident, in his opinion. was due to the terrific rate de- fendant's car came round the bend. The defence was an absolut denial of negligence, and it was contended that the da.mage was caused by a collision for wh ich i the respective drivers were blameless. Giying evidence, LI. Morgan, defendant's chauffeur, said that prior to the accident h' had had only three months' experience as a motor mechanic. His Honour: Possibly that is a point in his favour. Had he been an experienced driver he might have taken risks. Mr. Marlay Samson: We allege that he lost his head. Mr. Trevor Hunter: That is not negli- gence. (Laughter.) Benjamin Heal, collier, said he was an eye-witness of the accident, and heard Mr. Powell (one of plaintiff's witnesses) say It was an accident. Henry Cook, a bricklayer, corroborated, and Mr. J. Cook Roes, architect, said it was impossible for two cars to pass each other at the sp::t, where the accident hap- pened. His Honour said he formed the opinion that neither of the cars kept to their re- spective sides, and that the both drivers were equally to blame. He found for de- fendant, each party to pay their respec- tive costs. I