THINGS THOUGHTFUL. It needs a little care to know to whom to give; it needs much care to know from whom to receive. GRATITUDE. Negative blessings can be viewed a* posi- tive blessings. The plate upon which a photographer takes a portrait, when de- veloped. is called a negative. With that negative he prints his picture, the camera reversing the true, black things being white and white things black; but in the process of printing from that reversed negative the paper shows the reality. So may our nega- tive blessings—the misfortunes that do not come-be made to impress themselves upon the heart as matters for which to be thank- ful.—Bancroft. All need strength to undertake work when rested; many need it also to abstain from work when tired. CONCENTRATION. It has been said that the world needs a few people who can do many things well, but it needs many people who can do one thing- well. Concentration brings the best results and we need not mourn because we cannot do the work our neighbour is doing, if only our own occupation is a useful one and we are putting into it our best thought and skill. Great and small are only rela- tive terms, and any work that ministers to the welfare of mankind-the part of man- kind that is right around us-is well werth the doing. VENGEANCE. I Ven-cane-e is just: I Justly we rid the earth of human fiends Who carry hell for pattern in their souls. But in high vengeance there is noble scorn It tortures not the torturer, nor gives Iniquitous payment for iniquity. The great avenging angel does not crawl To kill the serpent with a mimic fang; He stands erect, with sword of keenest edge That slays like lightning.—George Eliot, in The Spanish Gypsy. The plea of ignorance will never take away our responsibilities.—Ruskin. STILLNESS. I Only a clear visioned student of human nature understands the full significance of stillness as exemplified in those chosen ones .w lio are called to suffer. There are so many kinds of stillness. There is compulsion to the inexorable. It is not resignation it is simply a grinding down of the physical forces to submission. There is the stillness of a finely tempered courage, steeled at every point, whose elas- ticity of resistance is unconquerable. There is the stillness of dumb rebellion. It is only when the balance of bodily per- spective is readjusted that the value of the gain or loss of the soul's travail through these dark hours can be measured. To one the experience has been a hideous night- mare of meaningless cruelty, to be thrust aside, and if possible forgotten: to another it has been the finding of a responsiveness to the Divine touch of the Great Teacher. —Amy Maclaren. (Through Other Eyes.) THE SUCCESS IN FAILURE. I Fail-yet rejoice! because no less The failure that makes thy distres, May teach another full success: He who knows how to fail has won A crown whose lustre is not less. HOW TO LEARN. I The wiser men are, the more humbly will they submit to learn from others; they do not disdain the simplicity of those who teach them they are willing to lower them- selves to the level of husbandmen, of poor women, of children. Many things are known to the simple and unlearned which escape the notice of the wise. I have learned more important truth beyond com- parison from men of humble station who are not named in the schools, than from all the famous doctors. Let no man, therefore, boast of his wisdom, or look down upon the lowly, who have knowledge of many secret things which God has shown to thoee re- nowned for wisdom.—Roger Bacon. Not the truth which a man knows, but that which he says and lives, becomes the soul's life. Truth cannot bless except when it is lived for, proclaimed, and suffered for. -F. W. Robertson. LOST AND FOUND. I The "Lost and Found" column in the newspaper is very interesting. But there is something far more interesting in the exist- ing though unprinted and unexpressed Lost and Found column among the moving mass of people. Man after man, woman after woman daily jump from task to task- Lost. No purpose guides, no set determina- tion, no real will rules their course. Their aim is to "live out the day," not realising that there is a to-morrow. They are just lost. Happy is the man who finds what he has lost. Happy is the man who after purpose- less wandering and after stmnge adventur- ing finally finds himself. There is nothing so responsive as the human brain and with all its faculties in order, with a single plan and system work- ing noiselessly and evenly, there is no man living who cannot achieve what to him he feels is possible of achievement. Maybe the reason you are dissatisfied with yourself and are forever grumbling about conditions and the success of other people is that you are lost. Are you wait- ing for somebody to discover you? Don't wait. Discover yourself. For when you dc really find yourself, the happiness and power that are bound to accrue will be better and greater than the thrill that will shoot through your system upon the finding of some priceless treasure. Do you feel lost now? Try then before this day is gone to find just where you are and where you ought to be.—G. M. Adams. The heart of moral force is conscience—a fsdnt unextinguisliable flame-whose light we call duty and its heart; love.-Amiel. THOUGHTS FOR ALL TIME. I Say "No" when it is hard to say it, foi that is usually the right time. The person that cannot say "No," because he dislikes tc offend, quickly becomes the tool of the un- scrupulous. It is better to be strong than it is to be popular, and to keep strong one may be obliged to sacrifice a temporary popularity.-Cliarles D. McDuffee. CHEERFULNESS. I The true secret of good health and immu- nity from disease lies in finding out and practising the golden mean of every creed. Cheerfulness is one of the best ends to length of days. It is possible to cultivate this quality, and in the interests of those about us, no less than in our own, it ought to be cultivated. It is a sign of a healthy mind, and enables its possessor in a certain degree to shake off worry, which is a ter- rible shortener of human life. No one evei died of work, but worry has killed its thou- sands. THE STUDY OF THE CLASSICS. I It must not be said that the study of the authors of antiquity is entirely without effect upon the formation of character. A worthless man will always remain worthless, and a little mind will not, by daily inter- course with the great minds of antiquity, become one inch greater. But a noble man, in whose soul God has placed the capability for future greatness of character, and eleva- tion of mind, will, by a knowledge of. and r -l?r intercourse with, the elevated tu res of ancient Greeks and RomaM, T? dav make a \-Mib)e approximation tc every' G th (ro- ?r ?<.ss. Goethe. (Ccnv? f>ImI ￼ Fclcrmai2n. ) ?ons with Eckcrm? A necessity is what we cannot aSo.rd to • ftfvurv is ?t ? can afford to 1<? ,niss; a luxury ￼ we CADMO ?c? So3 to 1«* our KW ™ ca ￼ afford to miss our duties.
A state of semi-martial law may be said to exist in this country. An Order in Council providing for the defence of the realm, and published in a supplement to the "London Gazette" states:— It will be lawful, proceeds the Order, for naval or military authorities to take posses- sion of any land and construct military works, including roads, and remove trees, fences, and hedges; to take possession of any buildings or other property, including gas, electricity, or water works; to place buildings in a state of defence, or cause any buildings to be destroyed. Power is also given to the authorities to order the' evacuation by the inhabitants of any neighbourhood and to close public- houses near defended harbours. Persons are also forbidden from trespassing on railways and loitering near railway bridges, etc., and may be searched, arrested, and, in sus- picious cases, tried by court-martial. Other regulations prohibit the publication or communication of information regarding the movements or dispositions of the British or of the Allies' forces which might be use- ful to the enemy, the photographing, etc., of defence works, and the spreading by word of mouth or in writing of any reports likely to creat disaffection or alarm among the forces or the civil population. The regu- lations also make provision for the restric- tion of persons' movements and for the put- ting out of lights. Trial by court-martial and a maximum penalty of penal servitude for life are stated its the consequences of contravention of these regulations.
HE'D SEEN SERVICE. "Why don't you go for a soldier, man?" "-Not me, sir! I did once, and he very; nigh killed me."
CURIOUS LINO FACTS. I How many people know that linoleum represents products from the five continents. Yet such is the case. Begin with cork, which largely comes from North Africa. Here the bark is stripped from the trunk, and larger branches of the cork tree when they attain the age of twenty-five years. The cork is conveyed from the forest to the nearest boiling station to be boiled in huge vats until the rough, woody part can be scraped off and the bark rendered pliable. It is next shipped to Spain, and trimmed there into a dozen grades or more, rebaled, and sent to linoleum factories. Linseed oil, from which linoleum derives its name, is obtained from flax seed largely grown in Russia and the Argentine. The flax is similarly thrashed to wheat when the crop is ripe. The seed is sent to an oil- crushing centre, cleansed, and the oil ex- tracted by means of crushing the seed between corrugated steel rollers. Then it is filtered, tanked, and sent to the linoleum factories. Burlap, which acts as a cohesive power to the other ingredients of linoleum, is derived from jute, in India. Packed in bales, it is shipped to Dundee to be further treated into burlap, and then to the factories for the purpose of backing the linoleum. Australia is one of the countries which supply pigments for the colouring of linoleum.
WEATHER MEASURING. I The method of measuring hot weather, and the obtaining of the highest and lowest temperatures throughout the country, is very simple. The Meteorological Office have about a hundred stations between the ex- treme North of Scotland and the Scilly and Channel Islands, and from these stations their correspondents and representatives send their reports, not only of the tempera- ture, but of the number of hours of sun- shine and the amount of rainfall, which are duly published in the Weekly Weather Report of the Meteorological Office. The official station is in St. James's Park, many special observations, however, being made at Greenwich Observatory. The ordinary Fahrenheit thermometer, brought into use by a man of that name in Holland about 1720, is most commonly used for recording weather temperature in this Country and in the United States; but in most other countries the Centigrade ther- mometer, which gets its name from the Latin centum (hundred) and gradus (step), is Used. The difference between the two is that while in the Fahrenheit thermometer freezing point is marked 32, boiling point 212, and zero 0 (the latter, therefore, being 32deg. below freezing point), in the Centi- grade thermometer freezing point is marked U and boiling point 100, there thus being just 100 steps between the two points.
PAINFUL! "What's the matter, little man? Are you in pain?" "N-no sir, but boo-hoo, the pain's in me t" T
SILKSTONE COLLIERY DISASTER. I After having lasted fifteen days the coroner's inquiry into the Wharncliffe Silk- stone Colliery disaster, in which twelve men were killed on May 30, ended in a verdict that the men lost their lives by a big explo- sion of coal gas, caused by stopping and re- starting the ventilating fan when a defec- tive coal-cutting machine was working. The jury expressed the opinion that there had been negligence on the part of the manage- ment, though not criminal negligence.
MOTHER AND CHILD DROWNED. I A young married Blackburn woman named Margaret Hodkinson and her six- months-old daughter were found drowned in the Ribble, near Hocking Boat. When the husband awoke in the morning he missed his wife and child, and a prolonged search for them was not successful. Later in the day a youth camping out found the bodies in twelve inches of water.
Benedictine monks of Charr, near Ryde, have undertaken to equip half of their fine new monastery as a hospital, and maintain it at their own expense. Mr. Robert Hichene, the novelist, and the town clerk of Whitstable were the first two to offer their services as special constables for the Whitstable district.
MOTHER AND HOME. The woman's part in the dark daytl t:1ra.t Lie before us will be no less important. than that of the man. And it speaks well for the reputation of British woonen thaat no one doubts for one moment that she will be equal, and more than equal, to any demands that may be made upon her. Into her hands (says the "Lady") will oome the food sup- plies, and the misery and ill-health, or the comparative comfort and well-being of children and non-combatants, will be de- cided by her management of them. A cam- paign against waste has already been "stored into by every wise housewife, and the custom, of our grandmothers' days of g-aug.;lg to a nicety the requirements of the household, and giving out the stores day by day, is being widely resuscitated. AVOID CITATTERING. The woman who feels unable to join much in general conversation in company need not despair of popularity. She should re- member that perhaps no one is more gene- rally shunned than the woman who habitu- ally talks too much. The chatterbox who monopolises the conversation and who gives no one else an opportunity to talk is regarded with aversion. People fly at her approach. On the other hand, bear in mind that bashfulness is only attractive up to a certain point. When it is due to great self-consciousness it becomes a fatal handi- cap. DON'T DICTATE. 1 "The self-assertive woman who begins married life with the idea that she is to be autocrat of her new home, and dictate the domestic policy, without reference to her husband's opinions, will in many cases wreck the happiness of that home." Such was the assertion of an experienced matron, who added that although such a woman might derive a certain amount of satisfac- tion from the feeling that she could domi- neer over her husband, it was a poor satis- faction at best. Every woman, sooner or later, feels that to be truly happy a wife should be able to be proud of her husbmd. And what wife can be proud of a man who suffers himself to be "henpecked"? CULTIVATE CHEEKFULNESS. I There is nothing that helps to brighten the family circle and make it attractive like one cheerful mem ber, who refuses to be downhearted when things go wrong, and who is always ready to join in fun and amusement. Cultivate cheerfulness; you will find it brings popularity with it, and it is a quality that makes the world go round to a merry tune. After all, it is quite as much a habit as discontent and acrimony. LAST WORD. I "The greatest menace to the happiness of married life is the 'last word, observed a feminine counsellor of her sex. "It is a per- fect bombshell in its ability to wreck domestic peace. It is not easy, as a rule, to trace who had the first word in a matri- monial dispute, but there is generally a competition for the last. And, as a rule, the woman has it. Quarrels begin so in- sidiously that one is drawn into them imper- ceptibly. But they would soon die away if it were not for this unworthy contest for the last word. So if you cannot «void an occasional dispute with your huslmnd (and niter all a quarrel, if it is not too bitter, is a sort of safety valve) let your husband have the last word sometimes. It will please him and do you no harm." TALL, YET GRACEFUL. I Nowadays it seems, girls have a way of growing very tall, yet, by some fatality, tall girls seem unable to resist the ten- dency to draw attention to their undue height by choosing ungraceful attitudes and violent contrasts. They are fond of small, low chairs they stand in doorways; they take up a position by the smallest person in the room, and they often choose little men as their escorts. They commit glarino- faults, too, in dressing. Very tall women should not wear longitudinal stripes, short jackets, Etons or boleros. In hair-dressing, they should not pile up their hair on the crown, but wear it low down on the neck. In short, if they wish to look graceful, they should try to suppress a few of their inches, and not advertise them. FOR HOLLOWS IN THE NECK. I When evening-dress is worn, hollows in the neck can usually be hidden by a neck- lace, or some other jewellery, or their ugliness can be hidden greatly by the use of powder. But the merciless sunlight per- mits of no such deception and, unless the "salt-cellar" can be submitted to a course of treatment with some degree of some suc- cess, it is better to have all blouses and dresses made high. Beautiful neck and throat are not difficult to obtain. If five minutes is given every night and mornino- to exercise, much may be accomplished in the course of a couple of months. The best exercise for filling out the hollows is to stand erect, with the chest thrown out, and the shoulders back, and then move the head slowly from side to side, being careful not to strain the muscles. Massage with a little cold cream or olive oil is also an excellent thing for changing a thin, angular throat into one of perfect beauty. Deep breathing must never be omitted. A Too DRY SKIN. I A too dry skin, that is easily roughened by exposure to sun or wind, should be care- fully fed and treated. Every night bathe the face carefully with warm-not hot- water; carefully dry with a clean, soft towel, then apply a little good cold cream, rubbing it well into the skin. Leave the cream on for about five minutes, then carefully remove with a clean rag. An old cambric or fine linen handkerchief does ex. cellently. CHOOSIKG CORSETS. I Choose a corset that is made of as pliable a material as possible. Get really good corsets if you can. A. little extra money spent in this way is well worth while. If you are inclined to be stout, your corsets must be firmly boned. They should be cut very low in the bust, and very long before the waist. If you have a very full bust wear a brassiere, but have the corset cut low. INGROWING TOE-N AILS. I This is a trouble that comes to many who do not know how to take proper care of their feet. Sometimes also tiff ingrowing toe-nails are caused by wearing +-i? pointed shoes. Never cuj yo?r ??'i?? a curve at the edges as you do you?re ??' nails; they should be cut perfecJ?v ?t Should the nail begin to Xw a &de„cl to grow into the flesh at the corners ,(f „° toe, make a V-s?aped incision with a mi? of very sharp scissors in the centre of ?he toe-nail at the top. Gradually the nail will grow from each side until it closes together again at the gap, thus effectively checkinIg the in-growing tendency at the Bides. A good plan, too, is to insert just a long piece of cotton-wool between the toe-nail and the toe at each corner. In hot weather an occasional dusting over of the feet with boracic powder is very soothing. One of the greatest secrets of boot comfort lies in never wearing one's outdoor shoes indoors. FOR BURNS. I The following mixture is excellent for burns, and should always find a place in the medicine cupboard: Mix together equal parts of sweet oil and limewater, and bottle it. It should be applied on soft rag or a ￼ °i f°n"W<X>1'- and is most effective, Sha.ke well before using.
Auts—especially walnuts and chestnuts, large quantities of which usually come from the South of France-will probably be dearer this year owing to the war. The sentries at Millbrook Station, near Southampton, in the darkness frustrated an attempt to tap the telegraph wires along the railway. Mme. Grouitch the wife of the Servian Permanent Under-Secretary for Foreign' Affairs, with a party of surgeons, nurses, and dressers, has left London for Servia.
A very little glycerine smeared around the glass stoppers of bottles will keep them from sticking for a long time. To render pork sausages more digestible, thoroughly prick the sausages and plunge into boiling water for five minutes. Then fry in the usual way. Gold embroidery may be cleaned when it tarnishes with a brush dipped in burned and pulverised rock alum. When washing saucepans be sure you lay them in front of the fire for five or ten minutes so that they may dry thoroughly inside, and so prevent deteriorating through getting rusty. After use, all pudding cloths and jelly bag.s should be washed ill very hot water, and when they have been well rinsed hung up to dry where they are exposed to a good draught. To clean a dark straw hat smear a little butter on an old piece of velvet and rub the hat. Leave the butter on for fifteen minutes, then polish with a dry piece of velvet. To revive withered flowers plunge the stalks in boiling water and leave them in it till it becomes cold. Then cut about one inch from the ends of the stalks. To prevent green vegetables from boiling over, drop a piece of dripping the size of a walnut into the centre of them, just as they commence to boil. The odour of printer's ink and cedar is not at all agreeable to moths. An ordinary trunk lined with clean newspapers, under which a number of small pieces of wood from cigar boxes have been laid, makes almost as safe a storage place for clothing as an expensive cedar chest. When making a bread pudding line the dish or tin with thin paste, put in the bread pudding, then cover with paste. Bake in a slow oven. This is a great improve- ment. BOILED MILK. I One objection made to boiled milk is the skin which forms on top of it as it cools. Many people dislike this, but if the skin is taken off the most nutritious part of the milk has gone. This "skin" is coagulated albumen, and one of the most H flesh-mak- ing" parts of the milk. But if, after pour- ing the boiling milk into a jug or basin, it is covered with a cloth, this hard skin will not form. Stir the milk up a few times while it cools, and keep the cloth over it; the top of the milk will then be creamy, but not tough. The addition of a good pinch of salt to the milk will also help to keep it sweet, and will not be perceptible to the taste. To WASH FEATHER PILLOWS. I Put the pillows into a large tub and scrub them over with a small brush dipped ill Bolution of chloride of lime and warm water. Then rinse them very thoroughly in cold water and put them out on the grass to dry, turning them frequently. On the second day, pin the pillows by the corners to a clothes' line and beat them with a cane. If it is a windy day, they will very quickly dry all through, and the beat- ing will separate the feathers and make the pillows delightfully soft. HOME-MADE POLISHING CLOTHS. I Dissolve half a cupful of shredded white soap in a cup of hot water. When cold stir in three tablespoonfuls of powdered whitening and a few drops of ammonia. Beat it into a smooth jelly. Have ready some suitable pieces of old, soft flannel or table-linen. Put some pieces of old soft flannel or old table-linen in the jelly and allow them to absorb as much of it as pos- sible. Squeeze them slightly and let them dry. Rubbed with one of these cloths all tarnish from silver will be removed and a brilliant polish take its place. A FURRED KETTLE. I There are several ways of treating a furred kettle, and two of the most effective are given here. The first is to fill the kettle with water, then add a teaspoonful of sal ammoniac to every pint of water. Let this boil, then empty it and put the kettle back over the fire for a few minutes, when the fur will quickly peel off. Fill the kettle again with soda and water, and boil it up; rinse in cold water, and the kettle is then ready for use. Another method of treating is with spirits of salts, but of the two the first method is the more safe, for spirits of salts is a dangerous poison, and unless great care is taken a trace of the spirit may be left and serious accidents likely to happen. —— -—— USEFUL RECIPES. A SUBSTITUTE FOR CAPERS.—Nasturtium seeds form an excellent substit for capers, and their preparation is so simple that anyone growing the plants should fill a bottle or two with the pungent flavoured seeds. To each pint of cold vinegar add one ounce of salt, a teaspoonful of whole all- spice, and, if liked, a pod or two of cavenne pepper. Wipe the seeds free from dust, put them in bottles, cover with the vinegar, and cork closely. If enough cannot be procured at once to fill a bottle, the seeds may be added daily as gathered, the bottle in the meantime being kept well corked. As the seeds are at their best after about a year's pickling, it is well to make them one season to be used the next. RICE FRITTERS.—Mix a quarter of a pound of boiled rice in milk and cream until it is very thick; then stir in a half-pint of cream, four eggs, some sugar flavoured with cinnamon and grated nutmeg. Stir into the mixture a quarter of a pound of currants, washed, picked and dried, a pinch of salt, and enough flour to make it a thick batter. Make into small cakes and fry them in boiling lard. Dish, and surround the dish with lemon juice and sugar. Serve hot. TASTY CAIRROTS.-Use about six carrots, young and smooth, six shallots, a handful of parsley, a pint of gravy, three ounces of butter. Put the carrots into clear gravy, after well washing and trimming, until quite tender; then cut them into quarters lengthwise. Put them back, into the pan, with the shallots and parsley, to .simmer quietly. Make a smooth, perfect melted butter with the gravy they have been cooked in, and dish the carrots. When <he sauce is of a good flavour pour it over the carrots. Surround the whole with nicelv- cooked "butter beans." Remove the skins before dishing and put back in the pan to reheat. BOILED SALMON.—When boiling salmon, allow ten minutes for each pound if cooking the head or middle, and seven minutes for each pound if cooking the thin tail part. Salmon can be plainly boiled, just like acv other fi6h, but it tastes much better if it is done in vegetable-water, as follows:—To each quart of water allow one dessertspoon- ful of salt, one small onion, one strip of celery, six peppercorns, a sprig of parslev. Prepare the vegetables, put them in the pan or water on the fire, and simmer all for half an hour. Then take off any scum that may have risen to the surface, and put in the fish. After the fish has been boiled, the remains of this liquor may be used for the stock of a vegetable soup. Put the salmon into hot salted water, and only just cover it while cooking; it should be boiled very gently.
I While driving a motor-car at Hull a Terri- torial named Bert Jackson collided with two cyclists. He was thrown out of the car and fractured his skull and received internal in- juries. The Chancellor of the Exchequer has ap- pointed Sir George Paish, who has retired from the editorship of the Statist," to assist the Treasury in dealing with economic and k financial questions arising out of the war.
BRITISH SEAMEN'S EXPERIENCE OF GERMAN PRISON. The story of a British seaman's Kuf I ferings in a German prison is told Jy Captain Robert May, whose ship, the Frat I, Minna Petersen, fell into German hands. Captain May has spent twenty years afloat. He purchased the Frau Minna; Petersen out of his savings. She is a three- j masted schooner worth about < £ 1,500. Cap- I tain May knew nothing about the war. He was off Borkum on Thursday morning, when suddenly a German torpedo-boat came dash- j ing up alongside and ordered sails to be J taken in and the vessel turned to Em den. j "The commander asked to whom the ship belonged," says Captain May. "I replied, I. She belongs to me,' to which he retorted, No! She belongs to Germany. There is war between Ger nany and England.' "Five men with fixed bayonets came on board, but they did not assist in the navi- ga-tion of the ship. Eventually we arrhed I at Emden, and before ehe was moored the harbour police appeared and gave us five II minutes to be clear of the vessel. They took off the two German members of the I crew, and the mate, two English sailors, and myself were locked up in a small cell I at the barracks, where we were kept for three hours. Next we were taken to a small. dirty room, with bundles of straw on the floor, and we had nothing to eat that night. I In this room we found the crew of the i Strathyre, who said that they—including the captain's sister-hacl been arrested on their ship at 3 a.m. on the day previous. For the first twenty-four hours fifty men and the captain's sister were huddled to- gether in a room twenty feet square. The I' meals were as follows: Breakfast, 7 a.m., greasy coffee; dinner, noon, unpleasant smelling soup; tea, 6 p.m., greasy coffee "That was all that was obtainable, and I' no solid food of any description was pro- vided. You could, however, by paying a shilling procure a piece of black bread. There were only six cups to go round among us all. I "We remained here until Friday night, when we were marched off and told that we were going to 'a fine hotel.' This proved to be the prison, where the food was eli-htiv better. We had, besides the coffee, a pieoc of black bread four inches square for break- fast. Dinner consisted of a raw herring and soup, and at four o'clock there was greasy coffee, but no bread. "On Saturday night we were told thnt if we would sign an undertaking not to fight against Germany we would be released. Our freedom was due to the efforts of Mr. W. N. Lucas-Shadwell, British Tice-Oonsul at Emden, who afterwards gave us a pas- sage on his tug. "The sister 0 of the captain of the Strathyre was very badly treated in prison. When taken from the barracks at seven 0110 evening she fell down unconscious. The Germans would not allow a doctor to see her until midnight. They were very angry that England had joined in the war. "I have lost all my possessions, and my entire capital was locked up in my ship.
GETTING ON I "What did you learn at school to-day, Jack? "I learnt how to say 'please' and 'thank you in French." "Um That'.s more than you've ever learnt to say in English." ■ i.— rffc ■
WHY CHEQUES WERE INTRODUCED. I Who would imagine that the world of business is indebted to London fogs for the bank chequer Yet such is the claim. Some- thing like a hundred years ago the attacks of thieves and highwaymen in the streets of London upon bank messengers and trades- men going to settle their bills were a frequent occurrence in times of heavy fog. These attacks became so serious as to inter- fere with the conduct of London's business. It was easy for the thief to ambush his victim, club him until he was insensible, rob him, and then disappear into the fog, with little likelihood of apprehension or identification, or that passers-by would see him commit his crime. In these circumstances bankers, trades- men, and others set their wits to work, with the result that the bank cheque was devised for the payment of debts. Soon the high- waymen found that a few pieces of paper were all the booty they were likely to get from a victim. Accordingly the activities of the daylight robbers soon came to an end, but the convenience of the bank cheque proved so great that it survived not only in London, but was adopted throughout the civilised world.
LONG-LIVED BIRDS. I The question of which birds live the longest has never been settled satisfactorily. But the raven comes very high in the list, and is said to reach the great age of two hundred years. Eagles and vultures also enjoy long lives. Indeed, an eagle-owl is know to have lived ninety years in captivity. In this particu- lar case, the bird began to lay eggs after fifty years, and during the last forty years of its life brought up numerous little ones. A hundred years is probably a conserva- tive estimate of a parrot's age, and it is re- corded that one of these birds also started nesting after thirty years of captivity. With ordinary luck, both the crow and the swan may reasonably expect a century of life. It is not by any means the largest birds that enjoy the longest lives. For instance, the sparrow sometimes celebrates his fortieth birthday. Other ages reached by birds are- Hens, 10 vears pheasants and partridges, 15 years; larks and nightingales, 18 years; pigeons, 20 years; canaries, 24 years; pea- cocks, 30 years; and herons, 60 years.
INTERESTING FACTS FROM THE OCEAN About seven per cent. of the ocean is less than 600ft. in depth and more than 60 per cent, is more than two and a half miles in depth. About forty-three places have been discovered in the ocean where it is over three and a half miles deep. The deepest spot known is near the island of Guam, where the water was six miles deep. Most people imagine the temperature of the water to be comparatively high, but scientists tell us that 92 per cent. of sea water is below forty degrees Fahrenheit. The water on the surface is considerably warmer, and the shallow seas have a higher temperature than the deep ones. At every depth some form of animal life has been discovered which varies in cha- racter with the depth below the surface. At the depth of two miles the weight of the water is more than two tons to a square inch, or more than 260 times that of the surface. All plant-life ceases at a depth of 300ft., but below this point many forms of animal life have been discovered.
The mem bers of the British Association re- ceived the first authentic news of the war on their arrival at Adelaide, Australia. A num- ber of distinguished German professors accom- pany the expedition. In a certain London restaurant the latest form of lunch is a "moratorium," which means a meal that may be paid for on Sep- tember 4 or perhaps later. Only a limited number of customers obtain it.
I WAR NEWS IN BRIEF. All Germans and Austrians have beei or do rev I to leave Portsmouth. A consulate committee has been, formed ii Rome to assist stranded British tourists. Messrs. Rothschild Brothers have ghen 1.000.000 francs to the fund for the reiiel d "trench families in distress. President Wilson has expressed strong opposition to Americans floating loans on behalf of any of the belligerent Powers. A meeting of medical men in Calcutta decided to make an appeal to residents in India for the equipping of a hospital ship for war. Notice is given in the "London Gazette" that several gentlemen with foreign names have changed them to more simple English namo. The Canadian Pacific Railway have offered a ship, if a suitable one is available, to be equipped and operated as a hospital by the Women's Empire League. The "<Jaulois learns from an absolutely trustworthy source that the Duke of Orleans has sent back to the Austrian Emperor the Collar of the Golden Fleece which his Majesty conferred on him in 1896. English refugees who arrived at Leith gave as an example of the anti-British feel- ing in Berlin that the Cafe Piccadilly had taken a German name, and the names of other buildings were similarly treated. The Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police has issued a warning to all gun- smiths and dealers in ammunition in the metropolis that it is a punishable offence to sell arms or ammunition to an alien enemy. The King has read with much satisfaction the letter from the Associatim of Men of Kent and Kentish Men, which has been issued to ovTer 2,000 members of the associa- tion, urging them to render practical ser- vice at this time of our country's need. The Belgian Minister has conveyed to the Lord Mayor his deep sense of gratitude for what he calls the princely gift of the City Corporation towards the b Belgian Relief Fund. and states that he will not fail speci- ally to acquaint his Government with this kindly act. Á Sporting journalists have decided to form an Athletes' Volunteer Force. Canon Deane, Vicar of Hampstead, will go on active service with the Worcester- shire Yeomanry. Owing to the reduced 'bus and taxi ser- vices the horse cab is again appearing on the London streets. The Bishop of Birmingham has decided that the Church Congress cannot be held in his cathedral city next October, and this will involve postponement of the Ecclesiasti- cal Art Exhibition. At a r.eeting of the British Colony in Antwerp, it was decided to equip a hospital for the wounded Belgian, French, and English soldiers, and to offer same to the Societe de to Croix Rouge de Belgique. The Sotird of Managers of the London Orphan Asylum, Watford, ha\e agreed to receive into their institution without elec- tion, if need should arise, some of the orphans of commissioned and warrant officers who may lose their lives in the war. France is following the example of Britain and insuring her food ships. The wheat harvest in France will be good. The first thrcshings promise a satisfactory yield. Prince Louis Napoleon has left Paris for Russia, to place himself at the disposal of the Tsar. ,'0 The wives and families of Territorials on active service are to be assisted from the Prince of Wales's National Relief Fund. At Antwerp, Cologne, and other large cities in Germany the church towers have been fitted up as guard stations to watch fcr aeroplanes. Light guns have been mounted. Lord Roberts has been appointed Colonel- in-Chief of the forces from the overseas Dominions. The Government of New Zealand have de- cided to permit the export to British dominions of corn and cereals. President Wilson has issued a national appeal for funds for the Red Cross move. ment. Boy Scouts of school age on "active ser- vice" duriiTg the war will be excused from school attendance. Branches of the National Union of Rail- waynien are levying members twopence per week to provide assistance for the depen- dents of members serving with the colours. The Middlesex Panel Committee has passed a resolution recommending that practitioners on the panel should attend gratuitously the dependents of all insured persons who are away from home on their country's service. Mr. Stanley Baldwin. M.P. for West Wor- cestershire, has offered to pay, during the war, the voluntary contributions to friendly societies of all members in the constituency, and also in the city of Worcester and Stour- port, who have left their homes to serve in any Crown force. French consuls in Germany, it is stated, have everywhere been the object of the most odious and ungentlemanly treatment on the part of the German authorities. Some of tbem have been struck, and some threatened with death. Permission has been given to drifters to fish in the North Sea at night, but only on the clear understanding that protection is not guaranteed. The late naval prison at Lewes recently acquired by the Home Office will probably be used for the accommodation of German prisoners of war. Pleading that their husbands had gone to the war, several women at Willesden asked the magistrate to suspend ejectment orders. Owners of gardens in Surrey are sending their gardeners and other men servants to help farmers in getting in the harvest. Where the farms arc at a distance the men are taken to work and brought back to their homes in their em ployers' motor-cars. At a meeting of the barristers held in the mess room of the Inns of Court Officers Training Corps, it was resolved to form a Veterans' Corps to consist entirely of mem- bers of the old Inns of Court Rifle Volun- teers, 27th County of London, and the Officers Training Corps. A largely attended meeting of Cardiff citizens has agreed that Wales should offer to the War Office a hospital fully staffed and equipped of 100 beds, for service with the Expeditionary Force, and that the Prince of Wales be asked to make the offer on behalf of the Principality. Full pay, subject to deductions of mili- tary pay, will be allowed to those teachers of the Middlesex Education Committee called up on active service, and those re- joining the forces, and half-pay to those who have applied for leave to join the Territorial's, or other forces, or to serve with voluntary aid detachments and similar bodies. Colonel Everard A. Ford, commandant of the London Diocesan Church Lads' Brigade, has sent an offer to the Army Council to provide 1.000 cadets, over s ixteen vears of age, trained in the use of arms. "for the defence of the shores of the country and for any other duties which may be assigned to them. In consequence of the war, the London ex- ecutive committee of the Royal Irish Indus- tries Association have decided that their annual exhibition and sale will not be held this year. Lord Basil Blackwood has joined the special service corps with Lord Buxton's consent, and will therefore not be able to go out to South Africa at present as secretary to the Governor-General. The Corporation of the City of London is :0 make a contribution of £1.000 to the Belgian Relief Fund. The Anglo-French ambulance is installed at Brussels under the direction of the Duchess of Sutherland, the Countess Pour- tales, the Countess Chaucourt, and other ladies. Austrian and Hungarian subjects are ordered by the police tr a gister themselves at once at the nearc-1 no1 ice-station. The warning i6 made on of paper which has been pasted aero the v-Tiite notice re- garding the TCiihicti ef subjects.