NOTES ON NEWS. Many people are still puzzled by Mr. Lloyd George's statement that the C-jvern- THE SETTER PEK CET. inent expects to get only 7 per cent. of the men \vho come within the scope of the new Man- Power Act. mat no more than that pro- portion would be found fit for service of some kind was incredible, and it was doubt- ful w hether the Premier meant men f. t for the nghting line or for ajiy branch of the Army, the fighting line included. The has been made clear bv Sir Auckland Opddes, tho Minister of rational Service. The 7 per cent. represents the total pro- portion of the men between the ages of ibrty-three and ufty-one to be taken j this year. How many of these are expected to be nt for the fihting line, if any, has not been stated, and presumably cannot be estimated with any degree of accuracy until some progress has been made with the medical examinations. It is quite pos- sible. of course, that the 7 per cent. may be i'ouud insuffie"t1.1 ('en for this year, as nobody can tell what further emergency 'BMy :irise. The 7 per cent. represents the present need, so far as the Government can 8@<e, and the outlook for the trade and in- dustry of the country is therefore not so Mack as it seemed to be when the pro- visions of the Bill were first made known. It may be taken for granted that the greater part of the 7 per cent. will he taken from the younger of those affected, but it is reassuring to know that 93 per cent. of the men will be allowed to remain in civil life, at any rate for the present. The first of the new classes, Sir Auck- land Geddes says, will be called up twenty- EXAMINATION BEFORE APPEAL.. one days from the passing oC the Act, and further calls will be made as the need may arise. It was a wise course to arrange for the medical examination before ap- peals need be lodged. The contrary prae- -tice has led to a great deal of wasted time and effort. Tribunals have spent much time in considering appeals on behalf of ?nen who on medical examination have Jbeen found unfit for service. By the new system this will be obviated. The Tri- bunals will have the men already graded when they come before them, and will be able to jndge of their relative value to the Army and the ordinary business of the country. Grade 3 men, it is stated, will not need "to trouble at present"; which presumably means that they may return to the'n civil occnpation without taking up the time of the bodv dealing with appeals. *An eNort to persuade the Government to reduce the new military age to 48 did not succeed, though the number of fit men be- tween the ages of 48 and -51 can hardly be very large. Tho first schedule of the clean cut" Las been published. It cancels exemptions THE "CLEAN CUT. granted to men in a large number of occupations. In several of these, which arc considered to be luxury trades, exemptions granted on occupational grounds are withdrawn alto- gether, while in others there is an age Limit nxed, below which no appeal will be possible on occupational grounds. The pro- cedure is drastic, but it must be presumed to be necessary. On this point Sir Auck- land Geddes says: "W e arc asking for powers to effect a clean cut of young men. I recognise that it is death and disaster for tn&ny industries in this country, but that is a lesser evil than dfath and disaster to the nation as a whole." The first list will be followed by others, and it will be the duty of the National Service Ministry, vhile taking the men the Army must have, to see that suuieient are left to carry on the essential industries of the country. There has been another favourable re- turn of submarine losses. All things con- THE SUBMARINES "HELD. sidered, it is the ,best I since the "unrestricted campaign began. Though we have been wisely warned not to place too much importance upon any single weekly return, and must keep the caution in mind even when dealing with returns over a longer period, it is certainty encouraging to have only connaratively small losses recorded for three weeks running. The general public is now coming to believe that the submarine menace really is "held;, though some time may elapse tteforc we shall be able to congratulate ourselves that It is mastered. There have been, as waa perhaps to be expected, stories that the smaller losses meant that the Germans were using their submarines !for some otli,r purpose, such as blockading the Grand Fleet, attacking transports, and so on. They may have made attempts against transports, but the measure of their failure in that direction is to be found in tho fact that in ten days we put across the Channel 200,000 men. a per- formance described by Mr. Archibald Hurd, the well-known naval expert, as wonderful and unparalleled, a performance which will convince the enemy more than any- thing else could do of the failure of his naval policy." There is ground for the belief that the Navy is now destroying the submarines faster than the enemy can build them. There is certain to be waste in war. That is a maxim which has been quoted How THE MOXET GOES. _1 1 1 over and over again during the last lour vedrs. It is true that a large amount of waste is i -1 ￼ una.VOlUa!le, out. tiiaL is no reason lor not. keeping proper check and supervision upon contractors and accounts wherever possible. ,And it should ccrtaiotiy have been possible in cases like those given by the Auditor- General in his report upon the expendit-ure cf the Ministry of Munitions. In one case a firm which should have provided its own .materials, but apparently did not do so, was found to owe the Department a large sum, recovery of which was to be effected by the withholding of payments. These, however, were not withheld, and the report states that the firm still owed over half a million of money. The price of shells was Teduced from .El to 12s. 6d.. but a vear later one firm was still sending in large quantities and receiving payment at the old rate. Another nrm's ledger only showed payments amounting to £1,400,000, though the sum they had received totalled £4,700,000. Duplicate payments were frequent. In one case a contractor in- formed the Department that he had been paid twice over for work costing JEHI.OOO, and thev sent him .621,000 more in pay- ment of" an account which had already been settled. Other instances might be quoted from the report, hut ?. hesc will serve well enough as examples. The re- port leals with the year ending in March, 1917. Perhaps things have \,hê,nged since thcc
DIFFERING IN COLOUR. SoTu- lakes &re distioctly blue; others pre- sent ious shades of green. so that in some ,ea,s,e,-R ''ey are lia-rdLy distinguLahaMe from their vel, grass-ooTered banks; a few are almf)F' '.)lack. The Lake of Geneva is azure tuod. oth Lake Cocstajioc and the Lake ot .Luccr are gr<'<'n; the colour of the Medit- terranean has been called indigo. The Lake o< Brienz is gTeenieh yeUow, and its neigh- bour, the Lake of Tbun, is blue.
Introduced by Lord French, Viscount Jellicoe took the oath and his seat in the House of Lords. Chatham Corpora.ti-on .Jiare apponl.ted Mr. Bd. Barrett Lee, deputy town de-rk of Stoke, to be t<yvn clerk of Chatham.
I TEA TABLE TALK. -————— < Mrs. E. Lloyd, Deputy Administrator oi W.A.A.C., at the School cf Technical Train- ing, Coley Park, is one of seven sisters. Be- fore she joined the W.A.A.C. Mrs. Lloyd was Assistant Commander of an auxiliary hospital in Wales. She was one of the first women "mentioned for services in connec- tion with the war. The former American Ambassador at Ber- lin, Mr. J. W. Gerard, tells an amusing story of a well-deaerved snub administered to tne Crown Prince by a Miss Bernice Wil- lard, of Philadelphia. Some years before the war the lady formed oiio of a party of distinguished American guests on board the Kaiser's yafht at the annual Kiel regetta. The Crown Prince and Miss Willard were seated on deck near one another, when a whiff of smoke from the cigarette blowing into the young lady's face. a lieutenant standing by remarked: "Smoke withers flowQrs." "It is no nower." said the Prince with clumsy jocularity. "It is a thistle." Miss Willard raided her eyes a trine. "In that case," ahe Raid, "I had better retire or I may be devoured!" Miss Sydney Fairbrother, the actress, keepa a small hoard of white mice in her dret}sing-room as pets. They are pure white, and very affectionate. One evening one of the mice was missing from his cage, and wm subsequently found solemnly parading behind his mistress in one of .the scenes. In connection with rationing. Madame Melba, who is a Dame of the British Em- pire, tells an amusing story of a bride who made a war-tijne cake for her husband. He ate of it and made a face. She ate of it and made another face. Then there was dead silence. Finally, the bride summoned up courage to falter, "I—I'm afraid, dea.r, I left something out of this cake." "No, sweetheart, he gently replied, "nothing that you could have left out could maJM a cake taete like this." Few amateur photographers have turned their craft to more useful account than Lady SyMl Grant, who has been acting as official photographer at Roehampton air station. The Earl of Rosebejy'a elder daughter. Lady Sybil, is the wife of Lieut.- Colonel Charles J. C. Grant, D.S.O., of the Coldstream Guards, son of the }ate Lieut.- General Sir Robert Grant, G.C.B. They were married in 1903, after hia return from serving in the South African War. Primrose House, their residence, is situated in Clar- ence-lane, Roehampton. The Hon. Mrs. Noel Bligh is a daughter of the late Captain George A. Frost, R.A., and is the wife of Colonel the Hon. Noel Gervase Bligh, of the Rifle Brigade. He is the Earl of Dar:nley') younger son. Born in 1888, he was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College. They have two daughters. It is not considered a disgrace in France to be a servant, and the idea that it is more pleasant to work in a factory than in a household would bo laughed at. Maude Annesley, in "My Parisian Year," gives a delightful account of Parisian servants: "A maid is ready to run out on errands at any hour; she goea out always without her hat, unless she is going a long distance by tram or train., and her apron ia not considered bv her a 'badge of servitude.* The cook always does her morning shopping hatless and aproned. There is no argument as to what is or ia not their work the cook will help with the drawing-room, or will aid the maid with needlework if she is pressed for time, and the maids will help the cook. "They take a friendly interest in your ap- pearance, and in your goings and comings. They will ask how you enjoyed your theatre or party of the night before, who were there, and what they wore. They will usually wind up with the confident declara- tion. I'm sure madam looked nicer than anyone.' Servants in Paris do not spend all .they ea,m on dress. They have one hat for best, and a neat dreas. They never ape their mistre-ss&s. One femme de chambrc had asked permission to go to a ball given by her ',society,' and before she went she came to me without an atom of aelf-con- wciousneas. She wa.s charming in a black skirt and neat, white, high blouse; she wanted nothing better." Some years ago Queen Mary made a special journey to Whitstable for the pur- pose of inspecting the Home for Girls. which had been established under her auspices at an old-fashioned mansion known as the Barn House. This was one of the oldest build- ings in the place, and was altered some ten yeara ago to meet present requirements. <= Lady Hamilton (wife of Sir Archibald Hamilton, of Iping, Chichester) is one of the most charming of young married women. She bears the unusual name of Algorta, and is the only child of Mr. George Child, of Widmore, Herts. Her husband is twice a. baronet, holding two titles conferred upon ancestors for distinguished naval 6ervices in the days of the "old wooden walls of Eng- land." The popular Countess of Warwick prizes the gifts of her many friends. Lady War- wick, indeed, has cultivated the art of friendship to a rare degree. It ia now several years since she laid out, amid the rustic charms of Easton, a garden of friend- ship, which only her choicer intimates have been invited to share in planting. Not the least prized la the herb that was set there by the late Duchess of Leinster, whose cloae intimacy with her in her girlish years is to-day a treasured memory. Close by there is a Shakespeare border, the nrat- specimen in which wa. planted by the late King Ed- ward himself. When she turns over her most cherished possessions, it ia not her priceless jewels that claim her attention, but ju,t such souvenira as these. And among them .ill she always acts much store by the last photograph of Lord Randolph Churchill—aigned by him, and sent to her during his last homeward journey. < Lady Jellicoe often visits the homes of men who are serving with the Fleet. Dur- ing one of her informal visits. Lady Jelli- coe espied a picture of H.M.S. Victoria in the house of a grizzled coastguard, whose days afloat were past. Quickly, as is her wont, the Admiral's wife broke down the barriers of convention, and waa soon inter. rogating the coastguard's spouse. She found that the woman's husband had been one of the men who took part in the rescue work alongside the stricken Victoria. Nay, more, it appeared that this old coasuardsman in hia "A.B." days afloat had been in a certain ship'a cutter which was responsible for the rescue of an invalid officer from the doomed vessel. This omcer was lowered into the cutter just before the Victoria 'turned over keel uppermost, after being' rammed by the Camperdown. One of the junior oBicers who did not gd down with his ship was a "Mr. JeMicoe," now Lord Jellicoo of Scapa. When the Victoria received her mortal wound he lay dangerously ill in the ship's sick bay, unable to move hand or foot. Tbe present Sir John was one of the last to be slung out. He wae lowered by slings into the cutter—bed, bedding, and all <t It is remarable to note that during the last fifteen years the salaries paid to popu- lar artiat'a have been almost trebled, and Mr. H. G. Hibbert. in "Fifty Years of a ? Londoner's Life," gives some Tory interest- ing instances of sensational theatrical en- gagements. "The largest fee paML" he eays, '"was to Sarah Bernhardt for her first ap- pearance at the London Colis-eum-namely, a thousand pounds for her personal services, apart from the salaries of her company and other expenses."
Lady Mackwtrpth h&s been appointed pre< sident of the Welah Housing Associa-tion. Lunatics in Ireland, who in 1915 decreased iior the first time, in Sity-two years, a<ga.in fell in 1916 by 337. The Rev. C. H. Jajmes, vicaj- of Haigh, Wigan, baa lost four sons in the war. Priaoneia in the Irish penal eeta-blish- menta made over 1,400,000 sandbags for the War Office in 1916.
I IN U6HTER VEIN WT I THOMAS JAY. I ILLUSTRATED BY J. H. LUNN. Taking for granted that when a war not only stares you in the face, but is making ugly grimaces at you, the ordinary routine of life is apt to slip a cog here and there, 1 wish to say that when three men are seated at an hotel table, with the look of expec- tation which indicated that rude hands are tearing at the tapestry aroucd their dining room, the natural conclu- sion is that the ttaid ithree men desire to partake of dinner. To the undy- ing credit of the waiter let it be aaid that he, too, had noticed the phenomena. Did we require din- ner? W<& did. He hesitated so much at first that A SUMPTUOUS FAST. t I had grave fears he was about to cail a meeting of the hotel directorate and get the secretary to blackball us. It was then that I began to realise the subtle scheme initiated by hotel proprietors whose duty ia to provide sumptuous fasts for their guesta each day. HDinner sir?" said Henry the waiter, with the radiant look 01 one who was about to suSer the loss of a very near- relative. "I will not be a moment, sir." I promised to keep his guilty secret. "Soup, sir," he said. "Ox-tail, mock turtle, and soup—by the way, sir, have you visited the Castle? Yes, sir, mock turtle—Fine castle, sir- About ten minutes' walk-Bread, sir?—Just pass the prison on the right at the end of Dun- bar-atreet, turn round by the Cinema, j)asa the Bull Inn, and then straight on. Fiah, sir?" he continued, having removed our &oup before ever its qualities could be summed up. "Fish, sir? Halibut, cod, or plaice? Yes, sir. Plaice for one and cod for two. Fine old castle, sir. Worth a visit. Do vou know that the first Parliament was held in Leicester?" "Up at the castle, air; that's where it was. Prefer plaice, sir? Right. Brought about by the Magna Charta, sir, that meet- ing at tb.1I caatle. Mixed up in a war then, sir, when King John signed Magna Chaita over a penny stamp, a. 4 did it on so to speak." We realised that if that waiter would only drop his jolly old castle we might get down to our dinner. But, no. He was a beggar for punishments and had a sleight-of-hand dexterity for removing plates which was, to say the least, discon- certing. "Roast beef, sir?" he went on, "shoulder of lamb? About that time Sir Raymond decided to put it well across Dom Pedro, and severely defeated him-Roast beef? Yes, sir. The stop-press was full of Montfort'a victory-a great offensive, sir. Caulinower? Yea, sir, Raymond Roger it was, sir, who decided then to go off and die without being interrupted—died in prison, sir—and mashed potatoes?" "Fine castle. You ought to have seen— Rice-pudding? College pudding?—the old windows there." We indicated that we would prefer to eee something to eat, even if perhaps we could not be permitted to in- terrupt him by eating. Then about 1209, sir," went on Henry, Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, came barging along and went straight to—Rice-pudding, sir-the castle. Fine old castle. Not much of it left now. It would make poor old Rog annoyed if he could see how the modern people have tried to improve the castle—juat past the prison, sir. About ten minutes* -walk. At the end of Dunbaf-street you turn to tha right. Cheese? Yes, sir-turn round by the cinema. Lovely Norman windows, with —bread. Sorry, sir, but you've exceeded the three ounces. "Then it's about three minutes' walk. "Fine well in the grounds where Raymond Roger died in prison. It must be awful to die of starvation in a well near such a fine old castle. Bill, sir?—but it is only about two hundred yards from the Bull Inn, if you crosa VauxhaII-street. Died of starvation in a cellar near such a fine old castle. That was Raymond Roger, sir. If you woulA——" "Stop!" I cried in desperation. "Do you. know where that well is now?" "Yes, 6iir/' said Henry the Waiter. Poor old-" "Well, look here," I snapped out, "get my coat and lead me to it, and bring a pal with you to push me in." I have always had my doubts a'bout Donkin. To look at him you would think it wasn't his war any more. He is one of those immovable objects who never meet the irresistible force. Indeed, I do not think he would turn a hair if you dangled a war in front of his nose. "Well, Donkin," I said meeting him the other evening, "I suppose you will have to study economy now." Donkin asked for a match. That's the way he is at times. Surely, old man," I said, now that we have reached L. critical stage in the war, one-sixth ien't much to cut down?" "I shall do nothing of the eort/' he rapped out. "But," said I, the less gaa and electricity used, the less labour neces- sajy to be withdrawn from essential trades, and onc-six.th isn't much." I know," he muttered. It's all very well for you to talk. It simply cannot be done. I am using Lord Rhondda'8 food cards, I lend Smith my copy of The Times,' I CUTTING DOWN THE I GAS BILL. I keep on the right side of the street, and never enter a crowded 'bus. Further than that I cannot go." "But, my dear Donkin," I said, "you must cut down your gas bill. Nice thing if beca.!MO of your a<:tKHi we got the mr all messed up. If everyone acted like you, ruin would not only stare us in the face, but walk over us. Tell me why you will not do this?" Because," said Donkm, with a smile, "at my place we only use oil lamps." All the same, he need not have smiled quite like that.
I UNTAXED RESIDENCES. I The omcial residences of certain Cabinet Ministers eacaped assessment to house duty and income-tax for something like &fty years. As the houses in question were not occupied as residences during the yeara 1856 and 1857, the Treasury directed that the taxes for those years should not be paid, and that no further assessment should be made until the houaea were again used as dwelling-houses. From that date the Treasury direction has been treated by the Inland Revenue Department as co7(-rLn g all circumstances, and no tax ha& collected
i BANDAGED WITH FEATHERS. 1 Certain game birds arc sr.ld to be able to skilfully dresa wounds and even to set bones, using their own feathers for bandages. There are instances on record of 'sportsmen having killed birds that were recoverkug from wouOOa.. previously received. In every case the old wound was neatly dreeeed with down plucked from the stem feathers aJ;ld skilfully arranged, no doubt by the beaks of the birds. In some cases a solid plaster was formed, completely covering and protecting the wounded part, the feathers being plaited together, &nd forming, so to epeak, a wcvem fabric.
I HUMOUR OF THE WEEK. I REASONABLE. I The UPostman's Graz&tte" objects to th< authorities using the London postal tube aa an air-raid shelter for the British Muaeuin mummies-when it ought to be used by London's daddies and mummies. I FACING THE TEST. I Dr. William H. Park advocates th< 4emouso teat" for girl studenta who want tc join the nurses' training camps. He pro- poses that white mice be liberated, and H the girls make aJiy hysterical display they should be pronounced temperamentally unfit for the nursing vocation. Three white mico! Three wfhite mice! Three white mice! They all ran after the would-be nurse, Who gave them a kick and made them dis- perse, And she got her oertincate, little the worse, Three blind mice' —"Cassell's Saturday Journal." ONE N-EVER KXOW8. j If women are to become lawyers after all, I Jet us hope they won't be mother-in- lawyers. PNDEB THE BODS. t A Board of Agriculture leaflet teUa us that one man can cultiva.te in his spare time ten rods. Verily, brethren (says "Caæe.ll's Saturday Jouma-l"), these rods will not whip ,< *ar backs; they may only give us an hcnour- r, Ible lumbago! THZ MISSING LINK. t The "Church Times" quotes this notice, .wh.ioh was recently seen outside a church: A Special Service for men is held in this church on Sundays, from 2.30 to 3.30. Subject next week: The Missing Link. The Vicar. NOT A FAIB COMPARISON, t Comparisons of profiteers to Judas are hardly fair, as the latter eventually de- veloped symptoms of remorse and bumped oS.—"Washington Post." SEDENTARY -WORKERS. When poultry food is rationed, sitting I hens will be classed a<s sedentary workers. I VALUABLE! t It is curious to notice how many men carry a little store wi'th them for club and restaurant use. r You may take away my money, You may take away my pouch; My watch you may dispose of, And I'll never, never grouch. h But o beware my fury, For I, 'll light knee-deep in gore If you try to pinch the tin-box Where I keep my sugar store. —"Penny Magazine." I A HUNDRED YEARS HEN<!B. t Among the interesting family portraits of I a century hence will be one of grandmother I in khaki. SAME TREATMENT, t "Doctor, my husband, is troubled with a buzzing noiae in his cajs." "Better have him go away for a month." "'But he can't get away." "Then you go." —— 0- PICKINGS FROM "PUNCH." j "Germans," says a contemporary, "put their clocks back a month ago." It is den- niteíy known, however, that the Crown Prince haa Tiot put any of his trench ones back. The police are said to be closely interested in the question whether a kitchen is a place of entertainment within the meaning of the Night Light Order. Dr. Ronald Macne has written a book which he calls "The Art of Keeping Well," and it is reported that a strong group of medical men is about to issue a counterblast under the title, "Why Keep Well?" "On Monday the new Beer (Prices) Order enters every public bar in the kingdom. Strong beers—that is. drink with a gravity of over 1034 degrees—<;an be sold at 2s. 6d. a glass, or a penny a pint. There is no limit either way."—Evening Paper. We shall certainly order pints. Quotation from a recent book of verse.—" "From where remote Arcturua swings j And the pale and luminous misty rings Of Satan move with a languid motion." —"Glasgow Herald." These must be the "vicious circles" we hear so much about. "FisHWORKERS.—Wanted, good smoker, year's engagement, highest wages; also few I nghworkers, men and women, good spitters." —"Scotsman." It doesn't sound a very renned occupation. QUIPS FROM "LONDON OPINION." I The Germans are now eating dogs. For a long time past their food has been largely curtailed. The Milk Trust is much discussed. But there was always a good deal of trust about the quality of our milk. Watch repairing is one of the jobs women are not keen on. Naturally, in these muni- tioneering days, tiny screws have no attrac- tion for them. German actresses now wear "attractive stage costumes made of paper." Hitherto, managers have used this material only for "dressing the house." A naturalised Swede was fined the other day for saying "you will see the German na.g flying over the world." He ought to h,lve explained he meant at half-maat. Dutch cheese has now come under strict control. But the Gorgonzola seems to have escaped. Although the vain ought to put their follies behind them, probably no enthusiasm will be caused by the threatened revival of the "bustle.
FACTS ABOUT BIRDS' NESTS. ) Nature lovers and students tell us some wonderful things about bird life. How many people are aware, for instance, that the guinea-fowl lays its egga on the ground, and that the shells are so hard that snakes can- not break them? Moreover, to provide against accidents, she lays more eggs thaji any other bird. As for the penguin, she car- ries her eggs with her wh=7i she goes. Jackdaws will not only buitd their nesta anywhere and everywhere, but will use the queerest things in their construction. Glass objects, lucifer matchboxes, and labels from the garden have been found in their nesta.
IN THE POULTRY YAED. I BY cocxw. HELfFUL HINTS FOR ALL. At this time of year when hatching is in progress, it may be of interest to many poultry-keepers to know the necessary periods for the incuhation: natural and arti- ncial, of cgga. A hen's period is twenty-one days, a partridge twenty-four days, and a pheasant the same. Turkeys and ducks take twentyight days, and the goose two days tonger. I have often spoken to poultry- keepera who use an incubator, ,and many of them have suffered under the impression that by the use of a machine the time for the chicken to appear ia shortened. This is an erroneous idea to hold, for whether you use a ten or incubator for hatching' pur- poses the period remains the same All poultry-housea and runs need to be whitewashed at least three times a year, GOOD WHltEW&SH. and one of tneae times ￼ should be now, when a new season has begun. Begin I with cleanliness and purity, I and you will nnd it an easy matter to keep clean. A good -whitewash can be made in the following manner. Its cost is little and the quality good. Obtain a barrel and into it put half a bushel of lime. Make it slack by pouring hot water on it. The Quantity of water should be enough to cover the lime to a depth of about six inches. Give a good stir up until it becomes slack, and then add 21b. of sulphate of zinc and 21b. of salt dis- solved in warm water. These last two in- gredienta are not necessities, but you are advised to add them 36 they give the -white- wash a hard coating. Whit3 is the best wash to use, but if you desire such colours as red, yellow, or blue, you can add yellow ochre, venetian red, blue, or -whatever colour you want. I have just been looking through a poul- try journal, and in it read a letter from a MANGOLDS correeporKicnt, wno says that many years' experi- I ence as a ?ardener-poultrv- f keeper convinces him that mangolda are the most valuable food for poultry that can be grown in a small garden. The reason he givea are: (1) They are most easily culti- vated. (2) The first thinnings are available a few days after sowing. (3) Further thin- nings keep up the supply till autumn. (4) Roots can be used in a variety of ways— hung up raw, or cooked. (5) They make a splendid feed boiled soft and mashed with sharps (when obtainable) or amn,y cheaper form of meal, with 10 per cent. nsh-meal added and a little spice. This will produce egga cheaper than any other mixture. He says that mangolds may bo sown thinly in early May in rows 18in. apart, and left, finally, lOin. apart. They should be stored for winter use about end of October. I have often read of birds which have laid two eggs a day, and have every time con- A CHAMPION LATTER. side red wha.t a fortunate ￼ person the owner of such a bird must be. But the two I eggs a day bird has been beaten to a frazzle by one that has its home in Chatham, Canada. It is an absolute champion as a layer. It has frequently laid two eggs a day, and always one every day since January 1. It beat its own record one day, however, when it laid in the course of six hours three eggs. Six of this hen's eggs were eold for 16s. a/piece. "Some" hen that! Such a bird must be classed as a freak, but one must admit that it is a valuable freak. The peelings of many vegetables and fruita can be used for the feeding of WASTED PEELINGS. poultry. The housewife when preparing such things aa potatoes, swedes, turnips, I and apples for the dinner- table should not throw the peelings away. If fowls are not kept by that particular household the chances are that a friend or neighbour does so. AH the peelings, stumps, and outside leaves of greens, rinds from cheese, and other odds and ends from the table that would ordinarily be consigned to the dust-bin can be used by the poultry- keeper in the morning mash for his birds. They must be boiled thoroughly until they can be mashed. They can then be mixed with the meal given !x) the birds, and from them a good deal of 'nourishment is to be obtained. The first requisite in a breeding male is that he should be well-bred (says the "Small- THE BREEDING MALE. header"). He should be the eon of a heavy winter-lay- ing hen and his sisters should also have shown their ability to lay well in winter. Besides this be should be carefully selected for vigour. He should be of good size, with a nead broad between the eyea and well nlled in in front, ending in a stout well-curved beak. He should have a bright piercing eye, and should stand on legs that pi,e rcl n g are tr- i?t' not too long, a.nd that are set wide apart. A well-matured vigorous cockerel is usually best. He givea better fertility than an older bird. More hens can be mated to a cockerel than a cock bird. He should be well grown and matured. Do not follow the old-fashioned method I (says an expert in the Utility Poultry I To REMOVE "Pir." Journal ) oi removing the so-called Pip." The ht,de substance under the tongue is the protection to a fowl I J. tor picKing up gru a.na egg-maiiiiig maM;- rial, while the disease known as "Pip is caused through sore throat, fever in the head or the bowela out of order. The old method of "taking off" the point gives relief to the bird and it resumes its food; but it never becomes a good layer. Should the bird show the same symptoms again there is no "pip to -remove, as it does not grow once it is "taken off." ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. I D. H.—Chicks should be dusted with in- sect powder as often as possible or there is a great danger of them being infested with lice. Vermin, it is important to remember, retards the growth of the birds, and has in many instances been known to cause death. "Sammy."—You are perfectly right. A layer of dry sand makes a very fine cover- ing for the floor of a brooder. Over this you should spread a good depth of dry hay or chaR.
LOSS FROM RUSTING STEEL. I It is universally admitted that the rusting of iron and steel is one of the serious ]u- duetrial problems. If we assume an aver- age life of steel to be thirty-three years, the depreciaton charges of 3 per cent. repre- sents, according to the United States Bureau of Mines, a yearly loss of 1,000,000 tons of product in thia country for the crude or semi-finished material alone, exclusive of correlated manufacturing costs. The inevit- able rusting of steel may be justly claimed to be the mainstay of the zinc industry, as 60 per cent. of the metallic zinc used in the Spates is for galvanising- iron and steel articles, representing an annual outlay of over four million pounds, in an endeavour to protect metals from decay, Enormous amounts of paint are used in a like en- deavour. About 5,000,000 tons of coal are needed in the production of steel to replace the annual waste, and 1,000,000 more for re- placing the zinc that is annually lost. No estimate can be made of the value of the brass, bronze, copper, aluminium, nickel, tin, and other metala and alloys used in machine parts, as sheathing, for plating, etc., to protect steel, or as a substitute for it in places where it would be used. but for its lack of resistance to atmospheric attack. ————— ——.———.
Louia van der Eerkhove, a Belgian muni. tMn worker, was executed at Birmingham for the murdjer of Clemenco Verelet. An inspector found a. ba.by and a cat in Bermondaey feeding from the ea.me plate,. Mrs. Ann Cra-btice, 78. of Fern-street, pKaton, was burned to death lighting her ,clxy pipe _"i. spill..
OUR CHILDREN'S CORKER t BT UNCLE RALPH. I DRESSING-UP. "We'll play at being Great-Grandpa and Great-GKmdma," said Harold. "I'll mav< these funny clothe and this hat, and you must wear tiroso things and that bonnet." "AD. right," said Myra. They had found the cI.othes in an old chæt up in the lumber- room, and very soon they were dressed up, and they looked such comical little Sgurea. Harold took a great big umbrella and two baskets, and said he was going to market, and Myra got a basket, too, and walked oft to see Nurses Then they went into the garden and picked the currants-though they were not nearly ripe—and somehow Harold's hat kept tipping over his eyes, Myra's shawl got in her way, and they both got very hot; when the gardener found that the currants were gone he was quite croso about it, so it waa two rather aad little persons who came in to' Nurse to be got ready for tea. They were well scolded and put into their proper things again, and they did feel much more comfort- able. "I'm very glad .we're not Great-Grandpa and Great-Grandma," said Harold. ELSIE'S LETTER. Dear Mother,—We went to Alma's birth- day-party, and it was the spLendideet party you ever saw. Alma was dressed like a queen, with a star on her head, and she sat jj on a throne and Horace sat on his pony- fancy a pony in a drawing-room !—and then the cats came. They were drawing a car- riage with all Alma'n dolls in it, and they did look so sweet. And we all thought it ? waa perfectly lovely. And please, Mother ? .Ty I have cats and a pony and a star on i my head at my next birthday-party, because ¡ I should just love to? Only I don't know where we should keep the pony afterwards but perhaps we might have him for the day, i don't you think? But how would he get up ? the stairs into the nursery? I don't know at all, only it was beautiful. Then you have to have lots and lots of nowers, of course, and we could make a throne and a veil and ) the other things, and perhapa we could bor- row some cats, only they might Sght, and that would never do.. Row are you getting jj on? I hope you are quite well, only you ? will think about the party, won't you? —Yours, ELSIE. THE VISITOR. He had beautiful clothes on, certainly. And his hair was rather long, and he wore a deep lace coHar and a sash round his waist. And he talked very politely, -and Babs thought that he must be horrid and stuck-up, and Ella was quite sure he -wouldn't be able to play at cricket, and Rosalie, even, was rather afraid he might be babyish. They very soon found out that he was not at all babyish, and, when he pushed Rosalie into the mud, and wouldn't let any of them go in at cricket, and pulled Babs's pig-tajl (which she couldn't bea-r), they all agreed j, that he was not at all like what they ex- i pected. After a week of it, they were very glad to hear that he was going home. "It'a all very well not to be babyish," said Rosalie, when they were talking him over, "but you can go too far rthat way." "Yea, you can," said Ella, "and you ought to play fair." "And I really don't think," said Babs, "that, considering everything, he ought .to have had those clothes. But it's all over now, so it doesn't matter!" i THE SOCIETY. "What do you have to do to belong?" said Mary. Nothing; you just say you'll be kind to animals, that's al i 9t say you'll be ki-nd to animals, that'a all," said Jack. "And, of 1 you have to." "AH right," said Ma.ry. "I'll join." So ? they both joined, and went about looking for J a chance to be kind to some animal or other. 1 Mary waa the first to be able to do some- 1 thing. She saw out of the nursery window j a kitten in the next-door garden which j, ee<'med to have got its foot caught in some- thing, and it was mewing as if it was in great pain Mary ran down and tried to get in to the next-door house, but it was ? empty. She went into their own garden and climbed over the wall and scratched her e hands rather badly, but she got to the kit- Î ten and set it free, and carried it indoora and bathed its foot. Jack was more eager than ever to do something after this. At last, after two or three days of waiting, his turn came. He was walking with Nurse across the common, when he heard a sheep making a loud bleat- ing noise. Jack ran up, thinking his chance had come, but the sheep aeemed to be all right, and Jack was turning away disap- pointed, when he thought he heard another taint "Baa!" He went on further, and then he saw what was the matter. A little lamb had got entangled in a bramble-bueh and could not get out, and its mother, the big sheep, was calling his attention to it. ? Jack set to work, and though hia hands got scratched and torn by the briars, he managed to free the Iamb, which ran back < to its mother. When he got home and told Mother, sac said that he and Mary were very good members of the Humane Society. A VERY BIG GIRL. "I'm a very big girl now," said Gladys. "I shan't take anything to bed with me." "What, said Dorothy, "not even Ara- bella?" "No," said Gladys, nrmly, "not even Ara- bella." "Poor Arabella!" said Dorothy. "Then I shall take her as well ae Emma; she'll be so lonely!" "Very well," said Gladys, you can if you like I'm too old to take a doll to bed with me!" Dorothy was fast asleep when she was waked up by a voice saying, "Dorothy! Dorothy! I must have Arabella! I can't go to sleep a bit!" Dorothy waked up and eaw Gladys sitting on her bed with very wide-open eyes. She slowly produced Ara- bella from under the bed-clothes and gave her to Gladys. "I knew you couldn't," she said. "How long have you been awake?" "Ob, a dreadful time'" said Gladys. "Quite ten minutes!" "How awful!" said Dorothy. "But you'll be all right now!" W "Yes," said Gladys, as she trotted off with Arabella. I SAMUEL. Samuel was a little boy who lived a long time ago in an Eastern land. His mother, whose name was Hannah, loved him very dearly indeed, but she had promised that Samuel should serve the Lord in the temple, eo when he was quite little he was taken up and given to the priests in the temple, so that they might teach him what to do and how to become a useful servant to the Lord. Samuel was very sad to leave his mother, but Hannah used to come and see him some- times, and she would bring'him a little coaA or some other present. She was very anxious that Samuel should grow up to be good and wise and a true servant of the Lord, and she knew that it was best for him to live as he did, and learn all he could from the priests in the temple. And Samuel did not disappoint his mother; he grew up to be a famous man, and was very wise and very much loved by everyone. But I do not suppose that anyone ever loved him as much as his mother Hannah did.
MembeTa of the first American contingent of the Jewish battaJion have been enter- tained by t<be Chief Rabbi and Mrs. Hertz. Mr Charles -Edward Dyer haaq been ap- pointed Recorder of Northampton in place of Mr. J. J. Par&tt, K.C., now a county- Court jtdge.. j
HEIGHTS BIRDS FLY. I The height at which birds ny is apt to be exaggerated, and it is a difficult matter for a person on the ground to Judge the dia- tance accurately. Airmen have better opportunities for something like exact obser- vations, however; and. one airman has re- corded having encountered an eagle at the prodigious height of nearly two miles, while he also foand storks and a buzzard at some- thing just short of 1,000 yarda.