OUl LONDON LETTEL a- 1 [From our Sptcial Correspondent.] Many smokers have confided to me that they have great difficulty in obtaining their favourite brands of tobacco, often trying half-a-dozen shops in vain. I have had the J came experience myself. The tobacco I smoke is-well, perhaps I had bettor not give the name, as I object, on principle, to free advertisement; but' for me there is no other "just as good." I hunt for the tobacco with an energy and a do £ :;r<d deter- mination which are worthy of a better cause. I daresay it is a shameful confession, but there it is. And, as I said, there are many others who have a similar aim in life. A certain cheap and popular brand of cigarettes, I am told, is practically unob- tainable. And they say—though, of course,. they may be wromg-tnat the coming Budget has something to do with causing this scarcity of tobacco. I do not say it is j I merely repeat what is being freely stated. It is, at any rate, curious that just when rumour began to get busy with stories of new taxes and increased duties ft began to grow difficult to get one's favourite "weed." Whatever proposals the Chancellor ot the Exchequer may make with regard to the in- crease of income-tax will probably chiefly affect those people whose incomes arc above the five hundred figure. If the rate is raised for incomes smaller than that, it is believed that abatements for this, that, and the other will make matters about equal. Many men now assessable to income-tax will, of course, be taken for the Army under the Man-. Power Act, and the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer will have to reckon with that fact in making his estimates. Among the sugges- tions of which there is nevej- any lack at this time, is one that penny postage should be abolished. This suggestion is made by a well-known financial writer. He declares that penny postage haa become an absurd anachronism owing to the depreciation in the buying-power of the penny. By doubling postal charges all round, he Kays, the Go- vernment would either get more revenue or save much labour now wasted on delivering unnecessary letters. In these times, when letters from almost every family in the land are going regularly to soldiers abroad, it would be difficult to think of any proposal likely to be more unpopular. The rumour that a number of the W.Å.,A.C.'B in France had been captured in I the German advance towards Amiens had very wide currency. The numbers varied a good deal in the different stories. Some people said hundreds of the girls had been taken, while others, determined to make the thing as bad as possible, talked about thou- sands. So widespread was the rumour that an official denial has had to be issued. There is no shadow of foundation for the rumours. There were no W.Â..Â..C/s within twenty miles of the firing line at any time. So much for that particular rumour. There have been others which have come to the ears of most of us. These particular rumours have been passed from lip to lip, and have almost cer- tainlv done harm in creating it. the public mind a prejudice against the Women a Army Auxiliary Corps. It is Matter for satisfaction that exhaustive official inquiry has resulted in clearing the W.A.A.C.'s from the shar-es made against them. The Com- mission finds that there is no ground for the suggestion of general iaiisconduct, and stateS its conviction that, with some few excep- tions, the conduct of the members wf the Corps in France has been upright and self- respecting. The b4, -t answer to the charges has been given by the Queen's gracious ac- ceptance of the position of CoNi-nandant-in- Chief of the Corps. There are indications that air reprisals are not much to the liking of the Germans. The people of the big and important Rhine towns, Cologne, Mannheim, Coblenz, Treves, and others complain bitterly. That German airmen should drop bombs on Lon- don and on English towns was all right enough, and the sort of thing we ought to have expected, when we went to war with Germany; but bombs on Mannheim and Cologne were n vastly different thing, and ought not to be allowed. From reports in the German pa.pers it is clear that, what- ever the German Government, safe at Berlin (hitherto) may think, the people who live in the Rhine towns are quite. of opinion that all air raids ought to be stopped. Their municipal councils are passing resolutions in favour of air raids being confined to places within the war zone. Strange that they never thought of doing this until their own towns were attacked. The new Man-Power Act gives enormous I Dowers to the Minister of National Service. I should not like to sly how many hundred year.9 we should have to go back to find a Minister holding such control over the liyu and destinies of the British people. It is a remarkable thing that this power should be exercised by a Minister who a year ago was practically unknown to the general public. "Otkcr Ministers have grown up in the House," says Mr. Tim Healy, "but the Minister of National Service became a giant oak in five minutes." Sir Auckland Geddes's rise has been no whit less sensational than that of his brother Sir Eric, though the lat- ter's would probably make a more exciting cinema story. Lately Sir Auckland has been more in the public eye than Sir Eric, and he has given proofs of efficiency and sagacity which make us easier in our minds about handing over to him our lives and liberties. Cesar Franck's great Symphony in D minor was the chief item in Saturday's Symphony Concert at Queen's Hall. It is a masterpiece, and becoming a fairly well- known one now. But its beauty is such that we cannot have too much of it. Sir Henry, Wood and his orchestra played it magnifi- cently, with that complete understanding which makes their performance of this and some oth-z works unapproachable. The same composer's symphonic poem, "Lea Djinns," was in the programme, the piano part being beautifully played by Mies Myra Hess, who was also a soloist in a -Jozart concerto. Madamo D'Alvarey sang two numbers very finely indeed. The concert began with a Wagner item and ended with the delightful liamean ballet music. A. E. M.
CARRY THEIR YOUNG. I Theie are many animals besides the kangaroo, who carry their young about with them. There is a small Australian mamal, called the koala, in appearance something like a very small bear, who takes her youngster on her back, especially when tree- climbing. The little one puts ita front paws round its mother's neck and clings there quite safely. Bears sometimes take their offspring under their powerful front leg-s and walk upright. Crocodiles carry their young on their backs when they are very small, but the little ones soon learn t, fend for themselves. When the mother "dives under," they still cling to her back. Some monkeys, bats, sloths, and lemurs carry their young on their backs, end some monkeys nurse and hold their young in their arms, very much like human beings.
Eighteen Paris dealers in diamonds and Tubies are inculpated in charges of selling to German brokers in Geneva £800,000 Worth of precious stones. The Duke of Connaught reviewed the Boy Scouts of Athens, congratulated them on their fine bearing, and told them of the good work of the British Boy Scouts.
I MOTHER AND HOME. To win. admiration a womoik must bE natural;- most people are quick to detiMi affectation, and have a contempt for It. Be neat; there is a great -charm in neatness. N affectionate ana sympathetic;. avoid semicon- sciousness, and do not hesitate to 4ow either of the firstnatrwd, qualities. Be home- loving and kind to elderly people and chil- dren. These are womanly qualities, and every one admirts the womanly girl. HAPP, THOUGH UNMARRIED. 1 "The. best way to be a successful olo maid," said an experienced member of the spinster sisterhood, "is to go into business Such women are not asliamed of theii spin§terhoo&, because they realise they are doing their share of the world's work. And they will find -so much to do, they will have no time for. useless regrets and repining Moreover, they are able to taste the sweets of independence until-as sometimes hap pens-the right man comes on the scene." PEN NIBS. I When carrying a pen about with one the nib is very apt to get cNrSsed yor broken. A good plan is to turn the nib with the point towardd th holder, and if this is done it ic impossible to harm it. I AVOID GRIMACES. I Many women spoil their whole chance ol beauty by the foolish trick of making grimaces. Their faces are never in repose and if they are not biting their lips they are. blijfting their eyes or elevating theii eyebrows over some trivial matter, whilE when they laugh their faces are distorted beyond reçpgnition. Such habits are easy tc acquire"* anil so h6pejessly difficult to remedy They lead to "wrinkles and lines, and age thE face by many years. If mothers tried tc prevent such tricks growing during child- kood thenB would be far more beawtifu.1 wome § to--day. After all, one can learn tc smile' and to laugh prettily without being eelf-conscioUs and artificial, and there is nc need to disfigure one's self by the foolish habit of grimacing." To LIGHTEN BROWN BOOTS. I Tp lighten brown leather, mix together a gill of muk -and a pennyworth of liquid am- nioma. Apply a little of the mixture tc ea.ctboot -6 a piece of sponge or clean ra?. phd put asMe to -drv. ?eii the boots aN retired for use again, clean in the ordinary way. Keep the mixture tightly corked, and further applications can be made to the boots when they show a tendency to darken PREPARING A R.G>M FOR CLEANING. I When preparing a room for cleaning, alJ deIic te bPic-à-brac, cushions, draperies, and pictures should be removed before sweeping. These should be covered up with dust sheets, which a good housewife will provide in plenty. Cushions and draperies should be shaken out of doors before the room is swept, then placed under a dust. st. Vases, pictures, and any bric-a-brac should be dusted, polished, and covered up, too. It is astonishing what a difference this makes when the room is put to rights, and when one is tired after the exertion of sweeping there is perhaps a slight inclina- tion to let? the rest of the work go, so that often the dusting is a tedious process which is hurriedly done, whereas when everything is ready to be put into its place this ensures the finished touches being complete. I REMOVING WINE STAINS. I Remove wine etains from linen by .rubbing them on either side with yellow soap, and then applying starch made into a paste with cold water. Rub this paste well into the stains, and then put the cloth to hang out in the open air—if possible in the sun—foi some hours. After it has been washed in f the ordinary way the stains will have dis- appeared. REMEDY FOR GRETNESS. I If greynese is premature, the colour can probably be restored if use is made of a good pilocarpine tonic. Pilocarpine is an extract from the jaborandi plant (a shrub indigenous to South Amerieg). It is not a Btain; its effect is to encourage the secretion in the hair glands of the natural pigmen- tarv matter. The following recipe can be made up fey any chemist:—Hydrochlorate of pilocarpine, 6gr. I tinct. of jaborandi, loz.; rect. spt. of wine, loz.; rose water, 6oz. Rub this well into the ncalp every night, and afterwards brush the hair for several minutes with a very clean hairbrush. CARE OF THE HANDS. Thoroughly cleanse the hands and spend a few minutes over the care of the nails each day. Of course, the latter process may be carried out at night. Indeed, many women prefer to do this. Glycerine substitute and rose water does not make the hands as sticky as glycerine substitute alone, and after well rubbing this in many advise that gloves worn at night are of benefit. If this plan is adopted, it is essential that the tips of the glove-fingers should be cut off, and that ventilation holes be cut in the palms of the gloves. Otherwise wearing them will do more harm than good. HINTS ABOUT BABIES. I Never let a child eat fruit with the skin on; it will upset his little inside, and per- haps make him very ill. Potatoes arc diffi- cult to digest and may cause rickets, so wait until baby can run about before allowing him to eat them. Do not punish a child for telling tales, and then let him hear you re- peat gossip about your neighbours. Always -I a b out your ne ir, -hild i 'kly di s keep to what you say. A child quickly dis- covers whether his mother's word is to be trusted. COLOURS FOR ROOMS. I Room that face south, south-west, or south- oast look thtfir best in cool tones, such, as cool tans or buffs, dull brown and greens, greys and grey-blues, and lavender, with grey or white for bedroom, provided the fur- nishings harmonise with these suggestions. Beware of colours containing much red or yellow for southerly rooms, unless there is but one window. Rooms that are east or west allow of a wide choice of colour, as they are both sunny and sunless according to the different times of the day. CLEANING SOFT FELT HAT. I I Rubbing- the hat well with a mixture of I fuller's earth and magnesia may accomplish the desired result. The powder should be rubbed well into the felt with a piece of flannel. If, however, the hat is very much soiled it will be better to &end it to a pro- fessional cleaner. FILL THE CORNERS. I Few women realise the decorative possi- bilities of corners. The Tesulit is that in otherwise pretty and artistic rooms the corners are too often left bare. It is not i advisabl in a small room to fill up or cut off corners 'by putting large pieces of furni- rture diagonally across them, for this simply diminishea the apparent size of the room. Hanging furniture fills the need admirably, for a small cabinet or bookshelf can be readily suspended to break the awkwardness of the corner. Remember when hanging heavier pieces of furniture, the picture moulding is not strong enough; so screw- eyes, or ring-bolts. must be fastened to the beams in the ceiling. FALLING OF THE HAIR. I The hair has frequently a tendency to fall in the spring and autumn of the year. Have the following lotion made up:—Sulphate of quinine, 12gr.; vinegar of eantharides, 4dr.; tinct. of jaborandi, 4dr.; spt. of rosemary, loz.; rose water, 6oz. Rub t? is well into the scalp every night without fail.
"Death from miiiadvoiiture" was the ver- dict at Nornich on a &oldier patient who was accidentally given a dose of lysol instead of medicine by a. nurse; it was stated that the bottles were similar. Although the Home Secretary's sanction to use the prefix "Royal" has been refused, Harrogato Council has decided to rename the Kursaal the Royal Hall, holding that it is an extension of the Royal Spa Concert Hall.
I DRESS OF THE DAY. -0 I A PRETTY BLOUSE. After inspecting an incredible number of pretty blouses during this last week I have oome to the conclusion that a great many of the very nicest new models are carried out in Georgette. Now Georgette is, to me at least, a surprising material. It looks so gossamer and dainty, so frail, one might almost say, and yet it has any amount of wear in it. In fact, I have known in several cases that a blouse of Georgette has outworn a similar model of crepe de Chine. The very pretty and 'becoming little blouse shown in our sketch is made of this charming mate- rial, which in this particular case was in a very pretty shade of grey.. If liked, other ipaterials might be used instead of the silk Georgette, such as crepe de Chine, cotton voile, -cotton Georgette, etc. This blouse fastens down the front. The neck is cut out [Refer to X 878.] I in the new shallow round decolletage, and is edged by a plain hem of the material, which is set on by hand-veining. The front of the blouse forms a panel, in the centre of which the fastenings are arranged, which developes a few inches from the waist into a band which encircles the figure. This plastron front and the band are carried out in double Georgette, aoiàd are set into the blouse by hand- vein in g.r*ne rest of the blouse is made in one thickness only of Georgette, the full- ness being gathered into the round hem at the neck both back and front. The sleeves are fairly wide, and are made of one thick- ness of Georgette. They are put into the shoulder by hand-veining, and at the wrist are sot into deep shaped cuffs made of double Georgette. These cuffs have a hand-veined hem at the bottom, and are put on to the sleeve by hand-veining. MILLINERY NOTES The simplicity and practicability of the new millinery is all as it should be in war time. An elaborate hat is but rarely seen nowadays, and when it is seen it is never on the head of any well-dressed woman. Some of the nicest new models are made of shiny black straw, and are trimmed with Georgette or black ribbon in a soft tone of champagne. Quite a number of the newest hats have a band of ribbon round the crown, and have the edge of the brim bound with similar ribbon. Georgette is very largely used for facing the under-side of straw brimmed hats. It usually contrasts in colour with the hat upon which it is used; for instance, a hat of dark biscuit straw is often lined with dull green Georgette; or Saxe blue Georgette faces the brim of a grey straw hat; rose colour is used with dark mole brown; Bor- deaux red with nigger brown, and tomato red with grey and also with mole colour. A CHEAP PETTICOAT. 1 It is very important to remember that clothes bought three or four years ago, no matter how much out of date they may appear, are of better material than can often be purchased to-day, so that children's clothes made out of old garments will possess better wearing qualities than many a new garment to-day. Remember, too, most materials will wash, and before making old [Refer to X 879.] I clothes into new the garments should be un- picked, steamed, and washed whenever pos- sible. Not only will the stuff be more plea- Bant to work upon, but the clothes will be sweeter and nicer for the bairns. The petti- coat for a little girl shown in our illustra- tion can be made from an old leffcoff skirt that as such is beyond woo. As an economy it is an idea which is hard to beat; in these days it behoves us all to practise economy in every direction we possibly can. BEAD BAGS. I Some very tempting bead bags are to be seen in the West-End shops just now. Quite a number of the newest models are shaped like the old-fashioned school satchel, that is to say, they have two fiat, oblong sides with inset ends and bottom, and are carried by long ribbon handles. The whole of the bag is covered with beads, which are frequently arranged to give a striped effect. One pretty bag recently seen had alternate stripes 01 black and midnight blue beads, all the stripes being about three-quarters of an inch in width. Another had a ground of steel beads patterned by quarter inch stripes of black beads. Paper patterns can be supplied, price 6i-d. When ordering, please quote number, en- close remittance, and address to Miss Liale, 8, La Belle Sauvage, London, E.C.
TIN SOLD AS SILK. I It is estimated that at least 5,000 tons of metallic tin are uued yearly in this country to make tin tetrachloride, which is pur- chased by silk dyers for weighting and finishing silk. The American Metal Market says that by far the largest percentage of tin recovered from tin-plate scrap is now devoted to this purpose by the silk industry, and is lost. It urges that such use be sus- pended during the war as a tin conservation measure.
Captain Lord Leopold Mountbatton, K.R.R., is placed on the half-pay list on account of ill-health contracted on active service. A railway carriage full of workmen and their families who were leaving Petrograd fell in the Neva, and thirty-nine persons were drowned. •. jJ
Arrears of building operations and re- pairs would be so large, said Mr E. H. at the Surveyors' Institute that for at least another ten years after normal condi- tione had returned there would be no pro- spect of reduction in cost through supply ex- ceeding demand^ All the woollen mills in America have bten ordered to hold their looms at the ser- rjee of the Government until July 1 to en- ntpe adequate supplies of cloth for uniforms.
BOOKS AND MAGAZINES. — 0- COWPER'S DYING SMILE. J In a letter to the HTim" Dr. Moule, the Bishop of Durham, tells a story of the last hours of the poet Cowper. The Bishop, whc had the story told from the late Miss Marsh, thus gives the tradition of the poet's death as it had come down in her family: "Cowper'E dire melancholia, it is well known, lay heav j on his last years. That wonderful poem The Castaway,' his last original work, written within the few final months, expresses with all its consummate feroe of diction and rhythm an unmitigated gloom. Did that gloom hold him quite to the end? Not quite, as the story was given to me. Miss Marsh's father, born 1775, survived, reaching a beauti- ful old age, till 1864. In his youth he was the friend of John Johnsen, Johnny of Norfolk,' the affectionate nephew who watched with a woman's devotion over Cewper's latter days. He told William Marsh, who in due time told his daughter, that on that April day. at fcast Dereham. he was at his place in the death room. There lay his uncle, long past th6 power to speak, but expressing all the old mystery of sadness in his silent face. Young Johnson's faith had been strained almost to breaking by the hopeless sufferings of this man, genius and saint in one; and he was keeping ,1 now a very troubled watch beside him. On a sudden the countenance changed. The tongue was helpless, but the smfle of ineffable and gJd surprise came into the eyes and settled in the whole aspect. So Cowper lay for half an hour, and then died. Jólmn took up his unole's Bible and put it to his heart, and said, lIis Ged shall be my Gdd for ever.' I repeait the record as Mies Marsh, a -woman of singularly accurate memory, gave it to me. CANNON MAÐE OF ICE. I I More than 175 years ago some ingenious Russian workmen ccnceired the idea of con- structing a building .f solid ice in the City of St. Petersburg, now Petrograd. It was fifty feet long, sixteen feet Ntido, and twenty feet high. Before the palace they placed six cannon of the six-pounder size, and these, too, were made entirely of ice. They were burned on a lathe. Tfce cannons (says "Popular Science Monthly") were mere than ornaments. They could and did shoot actual charges of powder. Although the bore of the barrel was only four inches, the ice was sufficiently strong to withstand the force of an explosion of nearly 2,000 grains of powder. ÅLPIlEHE AND HINCKLEY. It may be true that America was going soft and the war- had te ceme along to harden us. But unless Hincioiey's is an isolated case "ColMer's Weekly"), it is also true that America is softening—in the right direetion. "I have adopted a French soldier," said I Hinckley, who is well beyond the military age and waist measure. "But I thougkt yeu abhor writing letters." "We doe't correspond, Alphonse and I," said Hinckiey. "But I take him out to lumch and dinner every day." Now Hinckley is un- married and eats about town. "Alphonee has been invalided here?" "Not at all. He's still out there cp the Chemin des Dames. You remember Hoover's mentioning the fact that in four months we saved 140,000,000 pounds of beoef fior tha Allies? Well, that works ttut to just a ptJllud a week for every living soul in France, which is first,rate. But y."U know what figures are. Cold. Tke personal touch isn't there. That's why I picked nt Alphonse. Of course his name may be Raoul or Marie-Jcseph-Anne- .Jeronie, but let us say it's Alphonse." "And you save meat for hi-,u. "We dine together," said Hinckley. "He's good company; silent chap, with somethiag of the look of Verdun about him but he's all there. Well, formerly, when I went out by myself, it was frequently a sirloin atd smothered with onions. Now I look across at Alphonse and sav mon vieux '-that's right, isn't it, mon vieux?" Sure; or mon cher, if you prefer that." Well, mon vieux, I feel like an onion omelet to-day. You better get around a couple o' chops.' He protests politely, of course, bat you should see him eail in just the same. "You see him all the way out there oil the Chemin des-Dames," "'Yes," said Hinckley. "Sometimes he says 'he is not in the mocKI for citing. Then I am firm with him. 'None o' that, AlphoJ!1H>, men vieux.' I tell him. B-k up, Ventre Saint-Gris !'—that's the way you pronounce it, isn't it?" "Oh, yes, that's perfectly sound Alexandre Dumas pere." "That extra meat diet is doing Alphons#1 lots of good," said Hinckley. "I've taken in my belt two inches since Thanksgiving." THE VALUE OF OATMEAL. I There is much valuable information on food- stuffs in Dr. Ronald Maefie's book, "The Art of Kevping Well (Cassell). Discussing cereals, he says that, after wheat, probably oats is the most valuable, and in the form of oatmeal, runs wheat very close as an article of diet. Indeed, a pound of oatmeal has more total caloric value than a pound of wheatmcal, and it also provides more protein at a cheaper price. A given quantity -of oatcake (made without butter) has more than twioe the build- ing value, and alnaest twice the caloric valaa, of the same quantity of bread and butter. Taken in the form of pgrridge with milk, it is one of the most nutritious foods known, but in estimating its value one must not for- get that porridge is about 90 per cent. water. Oatmeal contains three or four times as much fat as wheat-flour, and at least twiee as much iron, and it also contains some substance that stimulates the^thyroid gland and promotes growth. The main drawback to oatmeal is the cellulose it contains, which is apt to be irritating to the digestive organs. There are undoubtedly some who find oatmeal difficult of digestion. Barley and rye, Dr. Macfie says, have con- siderably less nutritive value than wheat and oats. Maize is especially rich in fat, and is altogether one of the most nutritious of cereals. Rioe, though poor in protein, is rich in carbohydrate, and ferms a very nutritious food when made with milk and eggs into a pudding. But no less than 51b. of cooked rice would be required daily to supply energy to an active mah in a temperate climate. TREES AS WE-KTHER RECORDERS. Annual rings on trees serve as records of famine and flood, heat aad cold, sunspots and other weather conditions which prevailed in the world hundreds of years ago, according to A. E. Douglass, Dean of the College of Letters, Arts and Sciences of the University of Arizona (writing in "American Forestry Magazine "). If there was a crop failure in New Mexico in 1689, it can be read in the rings of old trees just as plainly as if it were written on the pages of history; and a hot dry summer in the valley of the Rhine would be recorded in the same way- Dean Douglass has made more than 25,000 measurements to verify this conclusion. He has gone back for more than 200 years to compare his record of weather conditions in Arizona and New Mexico as re- vealed by the rings of many varieties of trees, with the reports of drought and freshet, fat years and lean given by the" historian Bancroft in his history of the early settlement of that region. The most striking correspondences occur with reference to the flood on the Rio Grande in 1680, the famines between 1680 and 1690 and the droughts in Arizona in 1748, 1780 and 1821.
ITALIAN LIFE PRESERVER. I The light and compact life-preserver evolved for Italian Bailors, and others ex- posed to U-boat attack, consists of two pairs of rubber bags worn like a4 vest under the arms. The bags of each pair have a valve- controlled connection, and one bag is charged with a little sodium carbonate solu- tion, while the other contains a little tar- taric acid solution. When the wearer is thrown into the water, pulling two strings hrixes the solutions, quickly inflating the bags with sufficient gas to sustain^2501b. of dead weight.
Northampton police have been instructed to put a stop to children smoking. 200,000 elvers are to be purchased by the Thames Conservancy to replenish the eel stack in the Thames.
￼ .lYI tJ :Jfo .c. Remove inkstains from linen by rubbing with buttermilS. Cold water and a little dry salt will m move milk stains from g-lassea. To prevent knives from tutting, polish and bury in a box of s4w4net till required. This is the best way ef Jpftepiog Enives when not in use. Varnished jpaper on walle aan be cleaned with a flannel clipped ia weak tea and polished with a dry cloth. For a simple and eoesom'bal furniture polish try eepiaj parts of paraffin and vine- gar. This is especially good for pianos. For dark stains on linen try rubbing with ordinary tallow. Then wafih in the ordinary way. Thk and grAasQ, disaippear. I Rlib the lamp chimney oyer with dry salt after washing it. A xwm Brilliant light vill be the rewar,(L Dftjuid ammonia, applied with an old tpoth-brush, will remove the verdigris from bath-taps. Clean lamp chimneys with methylated apirjt mixed-with .charfk! They are not nearly so "liable to crack as if "wr^teiie-d in water. When boilinZ a puddieg ik a cloth, put a elate at the bottom of the euwieepan to' pre- vent ife eticking. When anyone has the misfortune to swallow a fish bo lie, do not. give bread, or water, but a raw egg, swallewed imme- diately, will give relief. ( THE KITCHEN RANGE. When. the steel -partt. of a kitchen range become brown, dampen a fsaml pieoa of cloth in ordinary villegnr aM rub the parts affected. The bron ti:.a;e will verv quickly disappear, and then the UfiuaJ polishing may be done with a most pteaaetnt result. I To PAINT A FLOOR. To p'&int a floor that is la constant use and which cannot be spared r more than a vecy few hours at best, try tAi8: Colour some thin ghellac Varnish witk whatever pigment is desired, then thin it down with alcohol; apply two coats, an hoitr bet-weon coats. Ir desired the floor may bd oeed in about two- hours after it has been finished. I THE PUDDING CLOTH. Ta.ke a piece of unjalettched ounce, cut round, herb, and run in a pieoe of tape. Sew a wide piece of tape acx«fi0 to form a handle with which ta-lift the pudding from the pot. This is fax better than tha old way, a-s you do not have to huut for string, and will be found especially useful when you want to. hang up puddings. ENAMELLED SAUCEPANS. Enamelled saucepans are expensive, so take great care of them. Should you have a new one, £ oak it in c-oid prater for twenty-' our hours before using it. This will pre- vent it from chipping. When an enamel saucepan gets burnt, doa't use soda to it. Fill it with water, put in a good large spoon- ful of ordtaary salt, and leave to fioak all night. In the morning, Wil it up and the burnt part will become quite clean. If soda is used for removing the burn there is always a tendency to burn a next time it is used. Never scrape a burnt enamel baking-dish. Fill it up with waters add a few fine ashes, and leavo it to soak for an hour. The burnt matter will-then come off quite easily. USES OF SAI/T. Salt and water removet; the lime in new curtains, and makes washing easier. Salt end water cleans all crockery more easilj and better than plain water. A tiDY pi-ncE nf salt added to the whites of eggs makes them froth more quickly. Thrown on the fire once a day, it prevents the inceurnulatioa of soot in the flues. I FURNITCHE POLISH. A good furniture polish can be made of one part turpentine and two parts linseedi one part tur p., oil. Apply with a flannel, and rub dry with a clean one until a polish is obtained. For articles French polished the following is a good polish: Three ounces of beeswax, one ounce of whit.e wax, one ounce of curd soap, one pint of turpentine, and one pint of boiled soft water. Mix, adding the water when cold. Shake well, and do not use for forty-eight hours. Before applying, wash the "articles with weak vinegar and water. —— —— SOME USEFUL RECIPES. MOCK Fisn.—Take one pint of milk, chop up fine one onion and boil in miL ten minutes. Add a good bit of chopped parsley and one ounce of margarine, pepper, and salt to taste. Stir in slowly a heaped tea- cupful of ground rice and add some mashed potatoes. Boil till quite thick, stirring all the time. Butter a flat dish, and throw it out on dish, and smooth over to an inch thick. When quite cold cut in fillets, sprinkle with flour, and fry a nice brown. This is good for breakfast. Serve very hot., POTATO Sot;p.-Take half a pound of pota- toes, half a pound of leeks, half an onion, one ounce fat, a quarter of a stick of celery, one quart of stock, a quarter of a pint of milk, and half a tablespoosiful of crushed tapioca. Salt, pepper, and a grate of nut- eg. Wash and trim the celery and I<?k, and peel the onion. Cut all into small pieces, and fry the vegetable lightly in the fat. Wash and peel the potatoes, cut into slices, and boil iN the stock, skimming well when boiling. When cooked paas all through. a fine sieve. Cook the tapioca in the milk and add to the soup. Re-hoat, season to fc*ste, and serve hot. CirEAP BEEP-STEAK PUDDING.—Take one pourd of shin of beef cut thinly from the gristle (allow twenty minutes for cntang this), season with pepper end salt, dredge well with flour, and put into pudding basm in a saucepan with two or three inches of water to steam. When it has been on for ten minutes just cover the meat with boil- ing water. Make a lid with two ounces of lfour, two ounces of maize flour, one and a- half ounces suet or dripping, half a tea- spoon of baking powder, and a pinch of salt mixed with milk or water. Form this into a round as you roll it. Niche the edge and slip it over the meat in your basin. Steam for two and a-half hours and serve in basin with serviette folded ro-a-rd. Thia is sufficient for five or six people. OATMEAL SAVOURY.—Mince any cold meat you may have, add a quarter of a pound of chopped suet, and season with chopped onion, parsley, salt, and pepper. Add enough coarse oatmeal to three-quarters fill the basin you are using. Mix with a little gravy or water, and steaua for two hours— or l-onger if your basin is very large. Served with good gravy this is very tatty and nourishing. SAVOrRY VEGETARIAN SAUSA-GES. Tho- roughly wash and soak for twelve hours, five ounces of lentils. Cook in as little water as possible. When feeder drain way any liquid, add one medium sized onion finely chopped, and fried golden brown in a little fat, a, small pinch of mixed savoury herbs, four boiled and mashed potatoes, the yolk of an egg, or one tablespoonful of seed tapioca, well soaked in milk, to bbd. Make into sausage shapes, roll in fine. oatmeal, fry in boiling fat, or brown in the oven. I Send to table with a dish of nicely boiled brussels sprouts.
The death is announced of Professor Vidal de la Blanche, the famous French geo- grapher. Less railway facilities for the summer holidays are expected. The railway execu- tive is now considering the programme. Kent Farmers' Union has decided to nomi- nate Mr. A. Dyson Laurie for the Sevenoaks Division at the General Election.
I OTHER MEN'S MINDS. I -— Let us go through the vicissitudes of this tremendous struggle with a stout And steady heart.-Mn. LLOYD GEORGE. I A PREFERENCE. I I would prefer the war to be settled. by negotiation rather than by a military ViCtOW.-Mit, ROBERT SMLLLIB. I AMERICA ALL IN. I We shall continue to do everything pos- sible to put the whole force of the United States into this great struggle.—PRESIDENT WILSON. I THE WINNING SPIRIT. I While the struggle has reached a very critical stage, we have never for a moment wavered in our. conviction that victory will crown the Allied arms.-GENERAL But HENRY WILSON. r TO THE FRONT. j Instead of receiving, as in the past, years of careful training, young men have to be pushed out to the Front and into the trenches four or five months after they have joined.-LORD FRENCH. MOST POWERFUL EXPLOSIVE. I Nitro-glyoerine, discovered in 1848, is still the most powerful explosive in practical U-C.-MR. JAMES YOUNG. NO SHIRKERS. No minister of the Methodist Church would ever desire to shelter behind his posi- tion when the call comcs.-Rigv. A. T. HOLDEN. A MINOR QUESTION- To raise the question of the abolition of boards of guardians now is an illustration of fiddling while Rome is burning.—MB. STOFFORD SACKVILLE. AGRICULTURAL "IFS." If farmers have to pay more for their labour, and the agricultural labourer re- mains inefficient, it means something like ruiit,-MR- ARTHUR AMOS. LOOKING AHEAD. We must think of the race thirty or forty years henoe, when we may possibly have tc fight a war like this again.-SIR A. CONAN DOYLE. FAITH IN RUSSIA. I am one of those who have an undying faith in the Russian people, and I look for- ward to tlteir emerfing by stages, which may be slow and painful, into a position in which Russia shall again be independent, again be united, and shall be what she has never been before, not only independent and united, but free.-MR. BALFOUR. ENDURANCE WINS. I I However large a part machinery may pia3 in war, it is the ultimate courage and the ultimate endurance that win victory.- AMERICAN AMBASSADOR. RUSSIA AND OURSELVES. I I believe that the Russian people wil\ emerge from the present crisis a great nation still, and we shall gain the goodwill and friendship of that nation by a closer commercial intercourse with them, conducted not in a spirit of ruthless exploitation as the Germans propose, but on the lines of mutu- ally beneficial commercial and economic co- )peration.-Sin GEORGE BUCHANAN. # OUR WAR IDEALS. We should determine, however long the fight, to seek only the ideals for which we entered the war—the ideals of justice and liberty, the interests of humanity and the people, of free self-determination of nations. —MR. ARTHUR HENDERSON. I MINISTER AND MAN. I Personally, whenever my country wants me in the ranks I shall be there. A minister is a man, and like other men he has his obligations of citizenship. DR. FORT NEWTON. MEN FROM AMERICA. I The monthly supply of infantry and ma- chine-guns from America on which we can reckon in the ensuing few months, and for which we can guarantee' the shipping, will alone constitute an army of formidable strength,-EARL CURZON. THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECHES. I I venture to believe, when the final his- tory of this war comes to be written, that the successive speeches made by President Wilson throughout its course will prove to be the most notable milestones in the whole of its history. I do not know where in his- tory we could find any parallel to utterances such as those as President Wilson has ad- dressed to the whole world, So flawless in their logic, so final in their judgment, and so completely elevating above the ordinary conceptions, even of those who love their country and desire to see it victorious.— MARQUIS OF CREWE. THE COMMAND OF THE SEAS. I The command of the seas depends not merely for ourselves, but for our Allies, upon the efforts that we put forward. That is not only a question of manning the Fleet, but of building, of adding to the numbers of the ships, and of repairing the ships.—Ma. LLOYD GEORGE. OURSELVES FIRST. It is only by retaining the good things of tie Empire for our own use and benefit, in. stead of frittering them away for the ad- vantage of, our opponents, that we could ever hope to pay the costs of this war and relieve ourselves from the immense burden of debt that it entailed.—MR. EDWARD SAUNDERS. THIS TIME OF PERIL. Never before in the experience of any man within these walls, or of his fathers or his forefathers, has this country, with all the great traditions and ideals embodied in our History—never- has this most splendid in- heritance ever bequeathed to a people been in greater peril or in more need of united safeguards than at the present time.-Ain. AiiqulTH. NO ROOM FOR WASTE. I There is no room in the world now for the waste of either labour or material. To obviate that waste there must be complete co-operation between employer and em- ployee; more co-operation between manufac- turer and manufacturer, more co-operation between industry and finance, and a better understanding and closer co-operation be- tween the Government and both the manu- facturer and the trader .-SIR ALBERT STANLEY.