GROUND REGAINED AND LINE RESTORED AT GIVENCHY. —- LOCAL FIGHTING. I The following reports from Sir Douglad Haig have been issued by the Press Bureau: Saturday, 11.40 a.m. A3 the result of a successful minor enter- prise carried out by us yeeterdny south of the Scarpe Hirer we ca ptured a few pri- soners, nine machine-guns, and a trench- morter. Early in the night the enemy launched a counter-attack in this locality and was re- jHilsed. During the night a successful counter- attack by the First Division threw the enemv out of points in our advanced de- fences around Givenchy and Festubert gained by him on the 18th inst. at the cost of heavy losses. All objectives were gained, and the position hero re-established. Local attacks made against our positions sooth-cast of Robecq led to sharp fighting, at the end of which the enemy was driven Tiack. Beyond artillery activity on both sides at different points along our Front there ia nothing farther to report. Saturday, 7.50 p.m. Successful minor enterprises were carried out by us this morning south of Hebuterne and- south of the. Scarpe River. We ad- vanced onr line slightly and captured thirty- seen prisoners and three machine-guns. Hastil-e artillery has been active in the neighbourhood of Avette and south of the La Bass £ o Canal. There is nothing further to report from the British Front. GUNS ON THE SOMME. Sunday, 10.9 a.m. A hostile attack during the night upon one of our potts south of the Scarpe River waa repulsed after some fighting. An attempt made by the enemy to ad- vance north-east of Y pres was stopped by our artillery. We carried out a successful local opera- tion iast night in the neighbourhood of Bobetaq, in which a number of the enemy were killed and a few prisoners and machine- guns captured by our troops. Hostile artillery was active yesterday afternoon and last night in the Somme md An sections, and in the neighbourhood of La "Bassee Canal. LOCAL FIGHTING. Sunday, 7.40 p.m. Local Cgbting has taken ptaco to our ad- vantage this morning in tho neighbourhood of Robecq. where the enemy's troops have been successfully ejected from seme of their advanced posts, Hostile artillery haa shown considerable activity in this area. Art from artillery activity on both sides in different sectors the dav has passed com- paratively quietly en ojtficr part-i of tha British Front. SOMME POSITIONS SHELLED. Monday, 10.7 a.m. Early in the night a strong local attiel- accompanied by heavy shelling I was made by the o enemy against our positions in the neighbourhood of Mesnil (north of Albert). After sharp lighting, in the course of which the enemy succeed in capturing one of our advanced posts, the attack was repulsed. We improved our positions slightly during the night in the Villers-Bretonneux, Albert, and Robecq sectors. A number of successful raids were carried out by ns at different points south and north of Lens, resulting iu the capture of prisoners and machine-guns. There has been considera ble artillery sctivity on both sides on different sectors of the British Front. The enemy's shelling has been directed chiefly against our positions astride the Somnw and the Ancre rivers, in the Lens sector, in the neighbourhood of Festubert, and in the Foret de Nieppe. ENEMY RAIDS REPULSED. Monday, 7.25 p.m. Hostile raids attempted early this morn- ing south of the Somme in the neighbour- hood of Ilair.,el and south of the La, Bassee Canal opposite Cambrin were repulsed. North-west of Festubert, under cover ol the bombardment reported this morning, the enemy succeeded in capturing an. advanced post which has already changed hands several timps during the recent fighting. As the result of another successful minor operation carried out by us in the Robeoq sector we advanced our line slightly and captured sixtv-oight prisoners. Bodies cf ho^tilo infantry assembling in this neighbourhood were engaged by our artillery.
NURSE WINS M.M. The Military Medal has been awarded to Staff Nurse Sarah Evelyn Johnson, Q.A.I.M. N (R.), "for gallantry, consistent,, good work, and devotion to duty. When the casualty clearing station was struck by a bomb from an aircraft she displayed great courage and coolness, and set a splend^ id ex- mple to all, ?h?wiit.? absolute disregard of ,.t da r ?-er.
QUICK RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION. Mr. ltolard Hill, official correspondent witil the Canadian forccs in I ranee, states that at cne point a company .tf Canadian raihrav troop s constructed more than nine miles 'of railway in one day, under heavy shelling from the enemy, arid by making ihc connection twer.tv-se^. ri b-comoti and 3*. trucks were rrn out of da: ger zone. —
SUBMERGED FOUISTS. There is clear evidence of submerged forests in Britain. There are several places 'rp arc ?eYcra I p l aces round our coast where, at low tide, the ioot-4 of trees belonging to post-glacial age may be plainly seen. To mention a few. Mount's Bay in Cornwall, Poole, Torbay, Bourne- mouth, Bognor, and St. Leonards on the south coast, at the mouths of the Humbet, the Mersey and the Firth of Foith, and in the Orkney Island;
FROM ThE REDSKINS. The first inhabitants of North Arnpr:r». 'I"he n.t i¡:k:¡;b::t. of O:l J.ln¡n'T. ir R;l; ;j]IlI ;lc- ,}' t ''i¡ lated, show ú1tl.:h wi.-dom. Here lv a few: 1 would know a great deal more if I could forgot a lot I should never have learned. The: frog £ »• great warrior to 1 he fly. There is much wisdom in knowing even a little well. One arrow is worth a thousand words. Even the eagle's eye has never seen to-morrow's sun.
DIRECT HIT ON AMMUNITION TRAIN. FIGHTING IN THE AIR. I The following reports on the work of the airmen have been received from Sir Douglas Haig, France. Saturday, 7.50 p.m. There was no improvement in the weather on the 19th inst., bub a certain amount of flying was done by our aeroplanes between storms of rain and snow. Reconnaissances were carried out at a low height, and four and a half tons of bombs were dropped on Thourout railway station, Engel ammuni- tion dump, and targets in the battle area. Only a few indecisive combats took place. Nome of our machines are missing. After dark our night-flying squadrons were very active. Sixteen tons of bombs were dropped by them on Armentieres, Warneton, Estaires, Bapaume, and the rail- way junction at Chaulnes. Direct hits were observed on four trains, one of which, judg- ing from the explosions cansed, was un- doubtedly full of ammunition. All our ma-chines returned. Sunday, 8.55 p.m. The weather improved on the 20th inst., but thick clouds prevented flying at high altitudes. A number of reconnaissances were carried out by our aeroplanes, and some observation in co-operation with the aptillery. Twelve tons of bombs were dropped by us during the day on various targets, includ- ing Menin, Armentiferes, and Thourout rail- way junction Owing to the improvement in the weather more fighting took place in ,the air than during the last few days. Six hostile machines were brought down, and three others were driven down out of control. Three of our maohines are missing. Duri.g- the night our night-flying squad- rons bombed Bapaume, and also the enemy's rest billets and roads leading to the Front. Hostile railway junctions were also attacked at Chaulnes, were a largo fire was caused, at Juniville (30 miles north-east of Rheime). and at Bethenville. A total of over eleven tons of bombs were dropped, and all our machines returned. FAMOUS GERMAN AIRMAN KILLED. I Monday, 9.55 p.m. After a long epell of stormy weather, which greatly hampered aerial work, the alst inst. brought a change, and our aero- planes were able to be in the air from dawn till dark. Tho good visibility favoured our artillery, photographic and long-distance reconnaissance machine3, Bombing was carried out by us inces- santly on the whole Front. Over twenty- three tons of bombs were dropped on Thour- out railway station, Menin, Armentiferes, Chaumcs, and various other targets. Thou- sands of rounds of machine-gun ammunition were fired by our low-flying machines. The enemy's machines were seen in large numbers, but were not aggressive. Eleven German machines were brought down in air fighting, and six others were driven down out of control. A hostile observation balloon was also destroyed. Our anti-air- craft fire shot down two other hostile aero- planes. Five of our machines are missing. The pilot of one of the hostile machines which was brought down in combat and fell ia our linos was the well-known German airman and fighter, Rittmeister Freiherr M. von Richthofen, who claimed to have brought down eighty Allied machines. His body has to-day been buried with full mili- tary honours. During the night of the 21st Inst. our night-flying machines again bombed Armen- tieres. Bapaume, Chaulnes railway station, I and Poronne, dropping in all g. tons of bombs. All our machines returned.
OSTEND BOMBARDED. I GERMAN TRAWLERS SUNK IN I HELIGOLAND BIGHT. Admiralty. On the night of April 17th-18th Britisl monitors bombarded Ostend and enemy bat- teries in the vicinity. Owing to bad weather it has not yet been possible to got accurate f information of the results obtained. t' Enemy batteries replied, but none of oui ships was hit. I Early in the morning of April 18th one or j two enemy torpedo-boat destroyers fired foi a short period in the direction of Adinkerkc, and retired beforo they could be brought tc ) action. I GERMAN TRAWLERS SUNK. I [ On March 28th, in the course of the sweep of the Heligoland Bight, a division of our torpedo-boat, destroyers captured and sank three German outpost trawlers. Their en tiro crews, consisting- of thref officers incl men, were made pri- Boners. There were no casualties, •»
I WAR OFFICE DEFRAUDED. I I At the Marylebone Police-court, Frank Robarts, twenty-four, engineer, of Somers- lane, North Finehlcy, was sentenced to six months' hard labour for obtaining £ £ 10s. 6d. from the War Office by false pre- tends. wa4s a.s a c?vilian clerk Prisoner was employed as a civilian clerk at the A.S.C. Mechanical Transport Depot Camden Town. Pretending that he was suiTering from pleurisy, and sending forged documents purporting to he medical certifi- cates, he drew sick pay to the amount stated So far frpm being ill, he waa work- j ing as a fitter for a firm. j ————— —————
A SERGEANT-MAJOR'S STRENGTH. I A supplement to the "London C,-a,ette" records the deeds for which a number of Mn-c?nmL-Mioricd otEccrs and men have re- ceived the D.C.M. Among them is the fol- lowing: — Company Sergeant-Major H. R. Groves, E. Lan. R.—A heavy trench-mortar shell blew in a dug-out. He took the weight of the beam supporting the roof on his back, at great dav.ger to himself, until another man bad been extricated, ■"
T7 :111 further orders, officers' sex vice dr:rs jackets will be made without the sewu-on- waiotbiuid, says the Array Council. ( Worsen at Palmer's He"burn shipyard bid the keel of a new vcs.-el on the bertr. I. from which a ship had been hunched a few minutes before. j Brighton rates are to benefit by £ 3.?00 cs j the result of the three days' racin g on the Brighton course last autumn.
IN LIGHTER VEIN I -I' M I THOMAS JAY. 1 ILLUSTRATED BY J. H. LUIfN. I When I first purchased that gas fire-pro- viding that I believed what the gas fire mer. chant said—it W the cheapest sort of ar- rangement one oould have. Indeed, it wag advertised to live off the leavings of a small family. Instead, it was the greatest glutton for gas I have ever seen. It waa the simply heart-breaking to sit down and watcih that gas fire busily, but, nevertheless, surely losing the war. I am pleased to say that it has since gone out of business. The other morning we were seated at breakfast. It was the usual sumptuous repast, consisting of porridge and a couple of V-shaped hic- coughs (bacon indicated on the plate with a X). There was a sound as of a soul in dis- tress, and the maid dashed into the room with a cry of "Assistance! Assistance! on her lips. Also a small portion of breakfast egg. I had just received a note from the Government, saying: Dear Old Thiag,-U you will reduce your gas consumption by one-aixth this quarter you will get the coun- try out of an awful hole." I may be a little out on the exact wording, but it was to that effect. I will say at once that I am one of those men who take things seriously to heart, so when I read this statement I just stepped back a few paces and looked the war up and down. How to economise was the matter of a few moments' thought. For instance, there was my gas fire. The way that gas fire simply gobbled up gas was a sin. The poor old gas simply didn't get a look in. The fire would eat up all the gas in the pipes and hold out its hand for more. It wolfed up all the spare bits of gas roam- ing about the house. "Something has happened," I observed, bringing into full play that power of deduc- tion so invaluable to the late Mr. Conan Holmes. "The kitchen gas-bracket has broken off," muttered tho maid, her voice hoaree with porridge. Here was my oppor- tunity. I rose up from the table and made my way to the tool-shed. Grabbing a pair of steps in one hand and some tools in the other, I left the maid to bring the other weapons, as I didn't have any more hands with me. -1 proceeded to the spot-and here let me say that if you are ever called upon to mend a gas-pipe, don't you have anything to do with it unless it can produce three re- cent testimonials. r. mounted the steps and tot/k a good look at the-extent of the damage. It is true the gas was escaping. It was simply gushing out; indeed, I have never seen gas m such a frantic hurry before. And quite good gas, too. I could tell that by its taste. Let me say at once that I am quito satisfied THE ESCAPE OF GAS. with the gas my gas company are sending me through their pipes, I re- moved the gas- pipe and haJf the kitchen wall plaster. I thought I would Itake it down and send it round for the family plumber to re- pair it. I tore it from its moor- ing, and it promptly laid itself bare up to the ceiling. I chased up to the room above and caught it there. I gave it another tug, and chased it up to the ceiling again. If it would only go up one more floor there wouldn't be any ceiling, and it would have to come out into the open. I am convinced at one stage that the pipe snapped at me. I had one consolation: I had made a good job of it. The gas was not only escaping all over the place, but it was laughing at me. Then I t.?llU1lht of the wife and family. There was only one thing to be done. I turned it off at the meter, and then we sat down to wait for the plumber to come. Should the war happen to cease fire somo day you might send me a postcard. If Miranda wants to use gas now we shall have to move into another house. But think of the way wo are winning the war, by cutting our gaa down by six-sixths. To that broken pipe I have fastened the following:- The pluml>er boy to the war has gone; In the front of the ranks you'll find him. His soldering iron in his hand, His spirits of salts behind him. Writing in the "Evening News," "Q tells of a very stout man, who, having ordered a suit of clothes three monfhs ago, only went en Tuesday to try them on. The cutter was astonished becati.;e,the man was much thinner, although, as he maintained, ho was feeling much more fit. The war, therefore, has come to the rescue of the stout man. It is going to save him from himself. It is well in these days to be a man of poise—but avoid avoirdupois as you would the plague. Most of us feel for the stout man as we watch him pass in the street. Nobody loves the very stout per- son. Ho is something to laugh at. Just that. We are told to laugh, grow fat, and carry on. But if we are wise we shall firmly but resolutely refuse to carry on. If any man tells me that he has a desire to be a stout man, then I should advise him to sec a doctor, beeamw a piece of bone might be pressing on the brain. And if our wr-time diet lends to reduce superfluous iiesh, then it is good. Anything that is bad for superfluous flesh is good for humanity. The stout man is a being to be avoided. When a stout man comes in at the door, love commits sui- cide out of the third storey win- dow. Some day I shall take time off to find out why men get stout, and if there is no scientific r e a s on, there ought to be an Act of Parlia- m e n t forbidding it. I have no doubt there is a glow of satisfac- tion when a man notices for the LOVE AND OBESITY. I first time that he is phinmmg out; that his waistcoats fit him very well. It is when his waistcoats do not fit him at all and try to creep round on hist back that he realises at last that he is stout. Lord Rhondda has come to the rescue of the stout man. Under war's moderate but ample diet we arc going to be robbed of some fine shadows in Hyde Park on bright summer days. But the stout man will fondly stroke one of his double chins and realise that he can reach out for -the best cure ever invented. No more will he resort to early morning exercise to reduce his superfluity. No more will lie greet the dewy morn by playing golf to reduce his weight. No more will he ride a horse to reduce his upholster- ing—when it only reduces the horse. A stout man playing golf is the sublime to the ridiculous, spleen on the green, three I acres and a ball, a tee fight with clubs. This is no way to reduce flesh for a man with a wife and family and a position in society to maintain. I am convinced that every time a stout man looks at his reflection ir. the mirror, he inwardly prays for some remedy that will make him a nice, handy size. Here iB the prescription:—(1) Take one rationing t,chen.e. (2) 10.30 to bed. (:3) Less railway travelling. Mix well with regular habits faith in the best of all countries, :md !;¡¡kE as • prescribed by "Dora."
Lieutenant David Drummond, the tf,llst officer in the R.A.F., fractured both legs in a flying accident on the Italian Front. His I feet were amputated. I I
I MEN OF MILITARY AGE. LVi &oJl i- ï\ h U.iõJ. METHOD OF PROCEDURE UNDER THE NEW ACT. 0 The following official announcement has been issued by the Minister of National Ser- vice "The passing of the Military Serviea (No. 2) Act, 1918, renders liable for mili- tary service men who are a.bove the pre- vious military age. These men have not as yet had any opportunity of applying to the tribunals for exemption or of obtain- ing any protection from recruitment ap- propriate to their occupations. "Before any men who have hitherto been above the military ae limit are actually called up, public notices will be issued and will indicate the procedure to be followed. It is therefore not necessary for such men to take any immediate action. "It is intended that a. summons for medical examination should be issued to these men before any summons for mili- tary service is issued, and that the time for making an application to a tribunal for exemption should be after the date of the medical examination. "In the meanwhile men newly liable for military service will remain in civil life. Certain voluntarily attested men, who have hitherto been allowed to remain in civil life because they were in fact above the former military age, will be regarded as if they were men whose liability for service has now arisen for the first time." EXEMPTED MEN TO JOIN VOLUN- TEERS. Men who in future receive exemption from Army service will have to join the Volun- teers unless the tribunals otherwise direct. This was an amendment to the Act, moved by Lord Desborough in the House of Lords, and agreed to by the House of Commons. The Home Secretary said the amendment provided that every man to whom a certifi- cate of exemption is granted by a tribunal after April 30, 1918, shall, unless the tri- bunal which granted the certificate "other- wise directs," be liable to join the Volunteer Force and undergo such military training and military duties as may be prescribed. The obligation, explained the Home Secre- tary, would apply to men between the aget4 of 18 and 51 and the nature of the volunteer duties would be prescribed by an Order in Council. • j GROUNDS OF EXEMPTION. In a written answer Mr. Beck says that the grounds on which application to a tri- bunal for exemption may bo made remain as laid down in the first Military Service Act, including the ground of serious hard- ship owing to exceptional domestic circum- stances if a man were called up for the Army. Applications in such cases will therefore continue to be dealt with by the tribunals.
IRELAND. NATIONALIST DECISION TO OPPOSE CONSCRIPTION. I A meeting of the Irish Parliamentary party was held in the League office, Dublin, on Saturday, Mr. John Dillon presiding. There were about sixty members of the party present. The proceedings were pri- vate. From a report officially supplied to the Press, it appeared that the following resolutions were unanimously adopted:- "That in the present crisis we are of opinion that the highest and most imme- diate duty of the members of this party is to remain in Ireland, and actively co-operate with their constituents in opposing the en- forcement of compulsory military service in Ireland; "That the enforcement of compulsory military service on a nation without its as- sent constitutes one of the most brutal acts of tyranny and oppression that any Govern- ment caR be guilty of; "That the present proposal of Mr. Lloyd George's Government to enforce conscrip- tion in Ireland is an outrage and a gross violation of the national right of Ireland; "That the history of the relations be- tween the two countries, the ruin and decay in population from which Ireland has suf- fered under the domination of English Go- vernments, and the manner in which Ire- land's generous offer at the outbreak of this war was treated b t]?(? English Government %nd the English ?v,?ll OSiee cruelly inten- sifies the shameless character of the present proposal, and that we pledge ourselves to use all tho influence and power of the Irish Parliamentry representation to defeat any attempt to enforce conscription in this coun- try, and to marry out the decisions of the National Conference." Mr. Devlin, M.P., addressing an anti- conscription meeting at Belfast, declared it wat; not in the sp;nt of poltroons or cowards that the manhood of Ireland declined to obey England's behests. Whatever they did they would do by themselves and for themselves, and by that principle they would stand or fall. England would never get a man from Ireland while the Act was on the Statute Book. His advice to his fellow-countrymen was not to recognise the Act, to refuse to register, to spit upon tri- bunals if they were set up, and to treat with contempt. Let no man ask for exemption, but hold his ground and refuse to go.
MEAT FCR BREAKFAST. The Meat Rationing Order, 1918, lays down regulations for the restriction of indi- viduals, households, and establishments, and for the issue and control of cards and other documents; and it defines the powers of Feed Committees. The Order removes, as regards Great 'Britain, the restriction on the itae of meat at breakfast in public eating-places by can- celling the provisions of the Public Meals Order, which prohibited the consumption of meat between 5.30 a.m. and 10.30 a.m. A ration card held hy a person who dies. or who leaves Great Britain for more than a month, or who becomes entitled to a ration of meat as a member of any of his Majesty's forces, must forthwith be given up to the local Food Committee.
SUNDAY BATTLES. The fiercest of the battles in the Wars of the Roses was actually fought on Palm Sun- day. This was the Battle of Towton, in 14t51, and ten years later tho Battle of Bar- net was fought" on Easter Sunday. Ramillies was .fought on Whit Sunday, L06. What i- known as "the glorious First of June," .the big naval battle won by Howe, was on a Sunday; the "soldiers' battle of Inker- man also, whilst the Indian Mutiny actually broke out on a Sunday. Both Bull's Run and Pittsburg, two of the biggest battles in the American Civil War, were fought on ■Sunday, whilst the Peninsular War saw its last general action at Toulouse on a S.un- Clay. It was on Sunday evening that d- liugton i.vuicd that famou i-order: "Ciudad Ilodrigo must be carried by assault this evening. ————— ——————
THE "RED KNIGHTS." The Cheshire Regiment, or "Red Knights," are allowed to wear oak leaves on September 12, and thereby perpetuate the occasion when, at Dettingen, George II. sought s hel- ter in an oak troo from pursuing French cavalry, in which emergency the Cheshire Raiment came to his relic 1 and drove off his foes. 1!) f
General Smuts will visit Glasgow on May 17 or IS. A ca-se of smallpo:; has been reported at DartfoTd. Cardiff recruiting lieartnuariers have been overwhelmed with young lie recruits voluntarily enlisting. j The "number of l>c?:es of matches released for the London are.: is four i^iilioiis per week, and for 3cotl.1nd 2.1CJ,UCG. Since January, 1915, the employment ex- changes have placed from among Belgians 55,000 on work of national importance.
I V.C. GENERAL WINS HIS FOURTH D.S.0, A supplement to the London" Gazette- issued on Monday night gives a long list of officers to whom honours have been awarded for their services in action. Among them are the following:— I THIRD BAR TO D.S.O. I Lieut.-Colonel (Temp. Brig .-Gen.) Fredk, William Lumsden, V.C., D.S.O., R.M.A.— I During a large raid on the enemy's lines, in which a portion of his brigade formed the left of the attack, ho first superintended the assembly in our advanced line and then ad- vanced to each successive objective, encou- raging the men. At the final objective, where, owing to heavy machine-gun and rifle fire and the exhaustion of the troops, there was Borne slight hesitation, he led the assault on a group of seven "pill-boxes," and after their capture made a valuable recon- naissaflce of the enemy's position. He then supervised the withdrawal, forming a cover- ing party, with which he himself withdrew, being the last to leave the enemy's position. I DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER. I Lieut. (Acting Capt.) Harry Livingstone Lamb, Lond. R.—After three companies had attempted and failed to dislodge the enemy from a dominating ridge, he personally led an outflanking party under heavy machine- gun lire, and succeeccd in getting in rear of the enemy's position, with the result that isixtv prisoners with six machine-guns fell into our hands. Lieut. Edmund Harry Tattersall, D. Gds. —For seventeen consecutive nights prior to a raid on the enemy trenches he was out on patrol along the enemy wire. On the night of the raid he first took out a -reconnoitring patrol to .ascertain if an enemy post was hdd. He then returned to take charge of the Bangalore torpedo party, and after the first torpedo had exploded satisfactorily, and while the second torpedo was being placed under the wire, two machine-gunu opened fire on the party at a range of twenty yards. As there was some difficulty in getting the torpedo through the wire, he, with total dis- regard of all danger and with magnificent coolness, stood up, and with the light 01" his electric torch placed the torpedo in the right position I SECOND BAR TO MILITARY CROSS* I Capt. Francis Edward Wenger, M.C., N. Staff. R.—A N.C.O. had left our front line at dawn to endeavour to locate a hostile post, and was badly wounded. He, accom- panied by another officer, left our lines with the object of bringing him in. Seeing tho N.C.O.'s rifle lving on the edge of a shell hole, be kept the enemy under fire, while his companion got out of the trench and suc- ceeded in reaching the N.C.O. The accuracy of his nre harassed the enemy considerably and his oomradc was able to carry the N.C. O. back to our lines. I BAR TO MILITARY CROSS. t iR.F.C.-?li?l John Hamilton Norton, M.C.. Tf-mp. ?lil. he was carrying out observa- tion for an important artillery shoot, two hostile aeroplanes endeavoured to interfere. These he at once attacked and drove off, afterwards continuing his observation for the shoot. during which two hostile emplace- ments were destroyed. I MILITARY CROSS. I Temp. 2nd Lieut. Andrew King Cowper. J Gen. List and R.F.C.-While -leading a patrol of six machines, he observed four I hostile triplanes, one of which he attacked, causing it to break up in the air. The -re- maining three enemy machines were de- stroyed by the rest of the patrol. On the return journey he encountered an enemy scout, and, shepherding it by the most skilful piloting west of the lines, forced it to land undamaged on one of our aero- dromes. Later, during three separate com- bats, he and his patrol brought down one mochinc completely out of control, and two others with their observers wounded, and later in the same day three other machines completely out of control. Previously he naB assisted in destroying six other enemy ecouts, displaying at all times the greatest courage and determination
I NO LACK OF MUNITIONS. I Mr. Churchill addressed a deputation of the American trade union delegates on the work of the Ministry of Munitions on Mon- day. "Whatever may be the future course of the war," he said, "I do not believe that any serious evil will come to us owing to want of munitions of all kinds. We make nearly everything here-the guns, the shells, the rifles, the machine-guns, the explosives, the tanks, the aeroplane's, the ingredients of chemical warfare in all its novel and horrible form. We make the steel and the steel plates which -are the foundation of ship- building, and I am glad to say that we have I been able to keep the shipbuilding authori- tiœ not only fed, but overfed, for a long time pa:'t."
I KICKED CONDUCTRESS. I At the London Guildhall, on Monday, Solomon Czerkoskv, of First-avenue, Manor Park, was fin.ed £G, or twenty-one days' Ini- prisonment, for assaulting Kate Stone, an omnibus conductress, by Kicking her in the back when she endeavoured to. prevent him getting on her omnibus in Aldgate when it was full up. Mr. Pierou, prosecuting, said, unfortu- nately, the London General Omnibus Com- pany were getting a number of complaint* of this class of assault upon their conduc- tresses, especially by young foreigners.
I END OF MARRI TROUBLE. I Tha India Office announces that the units of tho Dera Ghazi Khan Column of the forc-o employed in punitive measures against I the Marris are about to disperse to their j st?tioa?. The Mum Nawab and' several chiefs of important sections have come in., and the whole of tha Khctran tribe hyve surr?ud?retl unconditions.Hy. The Marris are a tril?? in BalnchiGhm. a?aim't whom it wa? recently found neces- sary to send .this punitive expedition, which I has now completed its work. I j
I APPEAL FOR EARLIER CLOSING. I I The Home Secretary has m:: r', an Order I continuing In force t? Scptem??T 30 next the existing General Early C!?ing' Onl.-r for shops. It has not been found poss: ;U\ says the official announcement, to alter the present closing hour, which remains, as hitherto, at eight p.m. (nine p.m. on Satur- days), but a very large number of shops are now closing voluntarily at a much earlier hour, and the Home Secretary makes a strong appeal to all shopkeepers to close as • early as practicable during the summer 1 months, so as to enable their employees to fake the utmost advantage of the long evenings in the cultivation of allotments, volunteer training, and other forms of "I\tT work and service.
It is nroposed to erect a drnking fount ma on the Kent County Cricket Ground at Can- terbury ns a memorial to Colin Biythc. the Knt bow?'r. A tablet to hM memory is also projected. for Tonbridge Church. Only six London boroughs have not had to ) increase their rates this half-year. A commercial traveller, Maurice Ward, was sent to gaol for six weeks at Birming- ) ham for bribing a consumptive ex-sokl'er to spit in a bottle which he had to show at his IÎ Army medical examination. For having a sack of flour, which he said was floating in Calais water, a bargee was fine,d ZCIO at Gravesond. Mrs. Blanche Maitlaud, aged seventy, was found hanging from the banisters at her home at Worthing.
COMB-OUT OF MEN UP TO TWENTY- THREE. A Proclamation issued on Saturday with- draws certificates of exemption granted by tribunal, or by Government ?tments, to men born in the years 1895 to 1899 wh? are of medical grades 1 or 2 or their corre- sponding categories under the old medical I grading, that is, categories A, BI, B2, or Cl, unless such certificates have been granted solely on the ground of ill-health or in- firmity, or on the ground of conscientious objection. The Proclamation does not apply to:— Duly qualified medical practitioners; Certificates granted by Colliery Recruit- ing Courta; Certificates granted by Port Labour Com- mittees are only withdrawn in the case of Grade 1 men; Certificates held by men in a lower c-ate. gory than Grade 1 who are whole time em- ployed on a farm in farm work, and are registered as being occupied on agricultural work, are not withdrawn. Grade 1 men en- gaged in agriculture will be called up, and the vouchem granted to such men bv County War Agricultural Comxnitteees will be can- celled. Any man whose retention ia abso- lutely essential to the cultivation of a farm may apply for his exemption to an Appeal Tribunal not later than May 15. The right is given to any man whom exemption is withdrawn by the Proclamation to appeal to a tribunal in either of the following cases 3—• A man may apply on personal grounds if be ia the last surviving son of a widow, of whom at least one son has died from wounds received in, or sickness contracted by, ser- vice in the present war. A man may apply on the ground of con- scientious objection if he holda an exemption granted on the ground of conscientious objection, in addition to occupational or per. sonal grounds. All such applications must be lodged not later than May 8. The Proclamation applies only to certifi- cates of exemption, and does not apply to protection certificates. The Government have, however, given directions enforcing a corresponding clean-cut in Admiralty and munitions firms, and directing that with the exception of men engaged in an occupation for which an age limit of nineteen is fixed in the schedule of protected occupations, no Grade 1 man is to be retained after the following dates :-Men born in 1898 and 1899, after May 17; men born in 1895, 1896, and 1897, after June 17.
DIIFt IN THE BIGHT. GERMAN WARSHIPS RETIRE BEHIND MINEFIELDS. Admiralty. British light forces operating in the Heli- goland Bight on Saturday, April 20, ob. tained touch with enemy light forces, who retired behind minefields. A few shots were exchanged at extreme range, and one enemy destroyer waa ob- served to be hit. All our ships have returned. We had no casualties.
TOOK BROTHER'S PLACE. At Folkestone Police-court, on Saturday, Henry Arthur Stevens, fifteen, was charged with we military uniform without au- thority. After the evidence had Wn heard, and the War Office offering no evidence against the lad, the magistrate ordered the casa to be withdrawn. The boy's brother, George William Charles Stevens, who was in the Army, de- serted last November, desiring more leave, and the lad, donning George's uniform, sur- and the laZ 't ￼ ￼ ￼ I I C e. rendered to the police. He was handed over to the military au- thorities and sent to France in his brother'a name, and for the first sixteen days of the German offensive he was continually in ac- tion. Afterwards the deception was dis- covered, and he was sent back to England.
LADY ROSSMORE'S TELEGRAM. At Marlborough-street Police-court, en Saturday, Lady Rossmore, of Stud House, Hampton Court, was fined zElO and £ 5 costs for making a false statement. She had handed in a telegram at the South Audley-strcet Post Office containing the message: "Germany marching on Calais. Dover and Folkestone to be cleared." flor explanation was that her husband, Lord Rossmore, was ill, and anxious about his son at the Front, and, believing the rumour to be true, she wished her maid to break the news to him before he cculd read it in the papers. ————— —————
POLICEMAN'S LAPSE. t1. At Marylebone Police-court, F. Tooth, for- tnerly a policeman, was bound over on a eiarge of being concerned in stealing i~2Z from an Australian soldier, on tho under- standing that he returned to the Royal Garrison Artillery, in which he had enlisted after absconding from the force. Tooth also undertook to repay the Australian £12 10s. Another policeman, who is stated to have been the principal in the robbery, akio absconded, and is still at large. c
FOUR AIRMEN KILLED. While flying over Yorkshire on Sunday, Lieutenant Harry Escourt Robinson and Second Lieutenant John Alfred Clayton. Royal Flying Corps, collided at a height of 2,000ft. with another aeroplane piloted by Lieutenant, Evan Idris Howell. Both ma- chines crashed to the ground, the three occupants being killed. Second Lieutenant Gaster, Royal Air Force, was accidentally killed while flying in Scotland on Sunday.
RULE FOR WAR CHARITIES. The Charity Commissioners, with the approval of the Home Secretary, have made a regulation that in all appeals for assist- ance to any war charity, cither in incney or hi kind, tho name of the charity as it ap- pears in the ocrtiiicate of registration must be stated in full in any notice cr advertise- ment of such appeal, with the addition of the words. Registered under the War Charities Act, 1916." —
MINISTER'S SON KILLED. Captain Arthur Walsh, M.C., aged twenty- six, eldest son of Mr. Stephen Walsh, M.P., Parliamentary Secretary to the Local go- vernment Board, lias been killed in action in France. He was slightly wounded last September. -0
THE FIRST DIVISION. The Commander-in-Chief has requested the Army Commander to convey his congratula- tions to the General Officer Commanding and all ranks of the First Division oil the successful operations carried out by'them on the morning of the 20th inst.
Sir F. Smith, the Attorney-General. nn placed his house. 32, Grosvcnor-gardens, at the disposal of the American Red Cress. Complaint that motor-cars are being used by ladies in Glasgow to do their shopping IS made by the "Roval Scottish Automobile Club.
CRUELTY TO A PIT PUNY. Charles Surgey, seventeen, a pit delayer. was sentenced to a month's imprisonment at Mansfield Police-court for cruelty to a pit pony. He threw a handful of moist lime at the animal, blinding it in one eye. The pony spun round in its pain and rubbed its eve against a wail in au endeavour '.o get the lime out.
I -tvOUIICI (-.C l Of Horace Thornton, a wounded soldier, of Manchester, has been drowned at Pkkmero Lake, near Knutsford. owing to the cup- sizing of the boat in which he and a friend were rowing. Belgian subjects who hove been posted by Beeruiling Boards r, r Boards to Group V. (':n.:qried men born after June 3V, 1331, and be'ore July I, lSSG) y,-ill enter When sending letters and parcels to c:rn or -if.. ,:1::1r LonC']t war relations and friends should mark them with the nainljer of their battalion and company, as well as their regiment and regimental number, in order to ensure delivery.
j MAN WHO FEIGNED DEATH. ￼ ,.tlc d i a t l lc! A r?markao.? story is nlatrd in tha "London 6aze"?t?e" concerning Private C. E. V. Haedonald. Cav. S.R., Fort Rose, ) Ro;-hire, who has been awarded the Dis- tinguished Conduct Medal for conspicuous j gallantry and devotion to duty. While he was lying on the ground, stunned by the fall of his horse, which had been shot under hini, the enemy came up and vomm'-iwxd tc kick him. He feigned death, was ahJe to note the ho-tile posit ion's, aiii era'vied in after dark with very valuable information.
I DISTRIBUTION OF TEA. Itisu?d?;-?o.fxi?h:)t a scheme for tha t,, o I j piirtial rationing of t?a is now being eon- ve'ered by the "oH!c':iI? of the J!ini",trv of ;L''o<x!. Th?cxactt'o?mofratK?r?E?ha.s uot i yet been decided, but the ?chp?c will prob '?bty inYotv? the registration of customers with retai:er, Ul}Oll the basis of Bozo per head per wcc?, a quantity w?nch has lrady t !)«'a adopted in many of the provincial I towns. The main idea of the Food Ministry U to bring about a more equal distribution j of tea than is at present the ca.c, many ) districts often being without any supply, while others have quantities in' excess of their requirements, i —
I INQUEST ON LORD DE MAULEY. I "Death from heart failure, due to exhaus- ticu after cycling," was the verdict returned at the inquest on Monday on Lord de Mall- lev, aged seventy-five, whose bedv was found in a field near Itamsbiiry, Wiltshire. I I
UNCULTIVATED LA:J. At Cross Ash Petty Sessions on Saturday Henry Partridge, J.P., of Poutyseal, "(Jros- mont, was fined C40 for not carrying out th. Cultivation Order of the Monmouthshire War Agricultural Committee, requiring him to plough up twenty acres of grass land. Defendant contended that the land was un. suitable for ploughing.