EPITOME OF NEWS. I varying from 21s. to je4 vllere im- I posed on Grimsby. fruiterers for seHing apples above the maximum price. Joseph Harkcr was fined £ 10 -at Chatham for permitting barley to be left in a field after being cut, and &old for food for pigs. In cousecjuenoe of the -restoration of I petice conditions there is a remarkable glut of shipping in Cardiff Docks. Fined £ 10 at WiHesdcn.* for having sold JOilk with 19 per cent., of added water, Henry Shirley, Oldfieli-read, said that he had inadvertently sold some "reconstructed milk" prepared for his own use. TiVo cod weighing together 521b. loz. have been caught from the beach at Hop- ton, "near Great Yarmouth. Throughout Durham the coal famine con- tinues, but north-cast coast furnaces have been able to get fairly good supplies of, fuel. To celebrate the armistice, HenQon Guar- dians will give each adult in receipt of out- relief an additional 2s. 6d. at Christmas,' with Is. Gd. for lict('ll chHd. John Honrihane, a Sinn Feiner, was sen- tenced at Munster Assizes to twelve months' hard labour for shooting and wounding with si revolver a soldier named Prender- gast. Mr. A. Maconocnie, of Maconochie Bixfthers, Ltd., Miliwall and Lowestoft, has been elected a director of the G.E.R. Com- pany in the place of Lord Eustace G. Cecil, resigned. Extensions to Islington electricity under- taking- are now estimated to cost £ 125,000, cbanpared with an estimate of X53,000 in 1917. For enticing a soldier to sell a pair of Armv boots and having a pair in his pos- session,. Robert Morffew, shoemaker, Church-street, Esher, was fined £ ^7 at King ston. „ This year's potato yield is 4,200,000 tons, the largest ever' raised and 868,000 tons above last year's. The turnip and swede yield is 12,0131rOO tons, slightly below last- year's total. Menders of the London Meta-1 Exchange have reaffirmed their decision not to admit as members anyone of enemy origin. Cheltenham Corporation have been in- formed by the it e venue authorities that they cannot reduce the entertainment tax on the ground that the price of admission to concerts entitles people to a glass of mineral waters. Arthur Eerven, a joiner, of Norwood, w.as fined £ 20 by the Chertsey magistrates for stealing 20s. worth of wood from air- craft works. His excuse was that the wood had been rejected as unserviceable. A peal of eight bells is to be placed in the tower of St. Stephen's Church, Clap- ham Park, as a memorial to the men of the parish who died on active service. Mr. E. Price Bell, the well-known Ameri- can journalist, at the Royal British Nurses' Association, said, that democracy had been, born again. Every man and woman in America was in favour of a League of Nations.. It has been decided to start a )Fla- Fund in every school' to purchase an Admiral's Flag and oak caskEt. says "The Teachers' World," for presentation to Sir David Beatty. # A fine of X20 was ire.pos.ed.. at Chertsey, on James Bird, an elderly fanner, of Addlestcme, for refusing to quit land ad buildings when directed 'to do so by the Surrey War Ag"ricultural Committee. "Does God *;I,eak to-day?" asked Dr. Fori Newton at the City Terrple. "Could anyone have lived through the last two months and have failed to see the answer to that question?" The Home Secretary has made an Order suspending the general early closing Order zl l early clos-ng Oi-,dcr for shops, under the Defence of the Reli\lm Regulations, on the Friday, Saturday. Mon- day, and Tuesday before Christmas Day. A Local Government Board circular urgep that adequate provision should be made at once for the visiting of tuberculous dis- charged soldiers and sailors. The Ministry of Pensions have agreed to defray the reasonable cost." T. Johnson, a canal boatman at Leigh, Lanes, for stripping naked a 14-year-old boy employed by him, kicking and striking Mm repeatedly, and causing bleeding at the nose and ears, with other shocking bruises, was fined X14. While fcitting at Chertsey County-court Judge Harington became seriously ill wtth influenza. Aldtripan Gregg, an ex-Mayor of Nottingham aud his IG-year-old daughter have both died/from mnucnza. The longest holiday the retail trade has 1 ever had—from Christinas Ere to the fol- lowing Monday morning, December 30— has been decided on by a number of firms lu the West End and in the suburbs. B Mr. Gompers, in a telegram to Mr. C. W. DO, Nl says the- executive of the American Federation of Labour will in a few dav, call for an -international Labour Conference to consider help in the peace discussions. One man was killed and several others injured by a fall of girders supporting the roof of a shed under construction at the Motor Transport Depot, ( Slough. By a ballot of members of the Amalga- mated Society of Engineers, Mr. James Butts, Labour candidate for Gravesend, has been elected assistant-secretary of the society. Whilst a number of sailors from H.M.S. Sligo were travelling from Grimsby to I Kingr's Cross, Stoker John Lankiu, of Woolwich, attempted to walk. along the footboard whilst the train was in motion, and was killed. A verdict of "Accidental death" was vc turned.. To put out two fires m Mile End-r-ad, E., ale-engines were-em- ployed. At the Leinsfcr Assizes the judge mcn- t towed while the eases of drunkenness in ItJG were 9,119, thry .re only 4,796 this year, a diop of Suits at reduced prices is a Balhaet tailor's armistice thankofTerhig. Lowestoft herrine; fishing season con- cluded, and although it was carried .out under war conditions 103,705 craus of her- rincs were lauded at the port. as against 49.771 erars for last year. Five hundred U.S. jonrr. allots, photo- graphers. and kinewa 1 operators have sailed for France, all bound to the Peace Conference. Five thousand si hundred aUQ. ten Etonians ?rve-d? during the war; 772 were Killed in action, 217 died of wounds, a"d 135 "om other causes, L,0G3 were wounded. Thir- t"'6"' Etoui?s ?inpd the ?.C., 54 the ?.C., a?d 107 the D S.O. ?ottmgham l?aee and Net Finishers Aseo- tum, which employs nearly 30,000 people, passed a. re?oluton pledging their members ￼ f°J-the next ten years to refuse to trade with any fim in tho lace industry whicb ¡ employs or reinstates an enemy alien. The net profit on a taxicab was said in I the CIty of London Court to be £ 1 to 25s. a day. The takings were £ 2 a .day, of which the driver took lffe., and the running ex- penscs were about 8s. to 10s. The Westminster coroner found that Joseph Dines, forty-six, a schoolmaster, of Kensal Rise, was accidentally killed by a rocket stick which fell on his head during the firework display in Hyde Park by the I Ministry .-of Munitions in celebratiPn of the I Armistice.
CIVILIAN SUITS FOR SOLBIERS. I Having accomplished its great task of clothing our troops, and to some extent those of our Allies, with garments of a quality never equalled in warfare, the Direc- torate of Wool Textile Production has now turned its attention to the problem of re- clothing the demobilised men. Sir Charles Sykes, the head of this great organisation, explained the scheme to the Bradford correspondent of the "Daily Chronicle." "As a first instalment," lie -said, "we have arranged for 10,000,000 yards of good quality woollen cloth to be produced. There will be no fewer than 100 patterns of cloth roughly classified into four groujcf—greys, browns, blues, and dark mixtures. 'The men will be able to make their choice at demobilisation .statioii-, in this country. The War Office has accepted the responsi- bility of taking the measurements of every man either in France or at the home depots' in order that the suit provided shall give every satisfaction as regards fit as well as quality. Arrangements have been made for the suits to be sent direct to the homes of the men, and there will b'e a system of in- spection to ensure that the suits are well made and in accordance with the indicated mca?re?t-nts. ? "I know," said Sir Charles, ?th&t it is the special desire of the Prime Miui?-'ter that the men shall be allowed to retain their uni- forms. The greatcoats will have to be re- turned to the Army stores, but as compensa- tion each man is to receive 20s. Should any man prefer it, he will be allowed to draw 52s. 6d. in lieu of one of the civilian suits.
COTTON SPINNERS' STRIKE. I Owing to the failure of the joint con- ference in Manchester to bring about a settlement of the wages dispute, a strike of the whole of the cotton spinners of Lanca- shire, numbering 100.000, started on Satur- day. The strikers had demanded an in- crease of 40 per cent, on their .present rate of wages. The masters offered them 40 per I cent. on the standard rate, but this was refused by the operatives. Thf" SDinners' Assoeiatio]'} has decided to distribute strike pay at the rate of 27s. 6d. a week, with all additional ^2s. for each child. Sir Albert Stanley referred to the cotton strike in a speech at Ashton-undeT-Eyrie on Saturday. He said that he would like to pay a tribute to the way the cotton indus- try had carried on during the war, and added that the vast numbers of men and women in this industry, engaged under not very favourable conditions, were entitled to some improvement. The cotton operatives, had secured during the war less than; any other large industry in the country, and he would ask owners to bear that in mind. He added that he was sorry that negotiations had not revealed more sympathy and a better understanding. -He asked employers to go to the utmost extent in avoiding a strike, and he believed that if the subject were approached in a rirht si,)irit there was no insuperable ob- stacle in the way of bringing about a set- tlement.
FOOD CONTROL STILL NECESSARY. I A letter has boon addressed to the chair- men of the newly-appointed food committers by Mr. Clynes on tTie eve of his resignation of the office of Food Controller. He says: "Now that fighting has ceased, everyone hopes that food restrictions will be relaxed. I share that hope, and I am confident that my successor, whoever he be, will not main- I tain the present restrictions for a day longer than the 'public interest demands. This is not a moment to take any risks with the people's food and it is still my duty to remiad you that the world's food supply must still. for a time, give ground for anxiety.* In large territories of Europe there is danger of famine this winter. "The Ministry of Food have already J abolished some, of the minor and more ti oublesofye restrictioifts which the public have hitherto borne with patience. I hope that it will very soon be possible to abandon yet further restrictions of this kind, but it will be necessary during the coming winter and spring to continue the main safeguards for a just and equal distribution. of our food supplies which the necessities of war have led us to establish. An impression is abroad and is gaining ground that these safeguards are no longer necessary. That is a dangerous opinion. I appeal through the committees 'to the public to show as wilting a spirit in supporting tJ1( necessary safeguards as they have shown in their maintenance during the years of war."
CARTOONIST'S TRAGIC DEATH. I A verdict of suicide while of unsound mind through iHness was returned at an inquest at Kensington on Saturday on Mr. George Roland Halkett, sixty-three, the artist and cartoonist. He had left two letter, for his wife, ad- dressed "My own darling." In them he wrote: "I am so miserably ill and weak, and so conscious of the impossiblity of get- ting well, that I want to write it down while I can, that if anything happens to me suddenly, my last thought was of you, my "beloved. Now the headaches and gid- diness are intolerable. It is better that I go now while my mind and memory are clear, before I have broken your health with anxiety." Dr. E. R. Barrett said he had attended Mr. Halkett about six months for neuras- thenia, and since then there had been five ogefations for abdominal' complaint.. It was not a hopeless .case. He was found uncon- scious on Monday night. Dr. Spilsbury said that death was due to a large dose of veronal. to The operations had been successful.
POLICE GALLANTRY IN AIR RAIDS. I For exceptional gallantry during air raids, six London policemen were presented with cheques—four for tl,O tnd two -for IS | —by Sir John Dickinson at Bow-street. The officers were: Inigpee.Wr Harding, Sergeant Jackgon, Inspector Hamilton, Ser- .geant Gaine, Constables Maisey and Trin- der. Sir John Dickinson, in presenting the cheques, said everyone had been admiring the splendid efforts during the war of his Majesty's Forces on land, on sea, and in the rtir, ax-,d it was a great pleasure to know that the same qualities of courage had been displayed by the police of London.
"I have six pints of beer with my dinner," said & working man at Thames Police Court. Restrictions on shorted i?t a nee pigeon- dying are removed, and birds may be' t. berated from the road. Dowager Lady Hillingdon, widow of the Lord Hillingdon .and mother of the pre- sent peer, died _at The Wiidemcsse, Seal, near Sevenos.ks, from influenza. De.ptford Food Committee make the sug- gestion that dried fruits should be distri- buted by sugar retailors at so much per head to their registered customers, GO as to secure a fair allotment. Five interned Germans, Roth, Rzodki, Olhme, Woiany, and Koi-ner, who escaped from the csmp at Kelham, Nottinghamshire, have been rccapturcd at Mansfield. Another prisoner who escaped from King's Lynn has been
I OTHER MEN'S MINDS. 1 am consumed with admiration of the I British soldier.-Matshal Foch. I MORE WAR-WINNERS. I Great Britain has not realised how much she owes to the market-gardeners' efforts during the past four years.—Mr. Joynson Hicks. A MIGHT-HAVE-BEEN. j There was a time in the early etagee of the last campaign when another hundred thousand Australians might have secured an earlier triumph.—Premier W. M. Hughes.. THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SPIRIT. I The best way we can foster the public school spirit is by inducing public school men to go among the humbler classes and teach them what a public school education can do.—Mr. H. A. L. Fisher. £ BORN AGAIN. < I Looking back on this wax, we shall see in ￼ it the rebirth of a'nation.—Mr. A. Chamber- I lain. NO MILITARISM. I The nation will not have militarism in the I matter of public health any more than in other matteTso.Major Astor. AMERICA TURNS THE SCAIiE. I In the opinion of everybody in this conn. I try it was the United, Sts-tes Navy and Army I that turned the scale.—Lord Jellicoe. IF THEY ONLY WOULD. I It is Wonderful what a lot of disputes in the world would be stopped if people would I only count ftve..and--twenty.-Sir John Simon. ONE MAN, ONE ACRE. I It is possible for a man to live on the pro- I duce of an acre of ground if he is wot very particular as to what he eats and will live on exactly what he can gt.Sir Henry Rew. THE FLEET AND THE LEAGUE. j A League of Nations is ho substitute for I the supremacy of the British Fleet. Mr. Churchill. NOT SUCH A GIANT. I Examination of German prisoners has I shown that the German is not the huge- I fellow he has been supposed to be.—Pro- fessor Parsons. A TOUGH PROPOSITION. I Any Government attempting to dictate to I the working classes when, what, and how much beer they shall drink is up against a tough proposition.—Mr. T. Murray. A BIG BILL. I We have to raise two millions a day for I the next century to pay our war debts.— Mr. Ernest Benn. I A MINISTRY OF WATER. I Why not have a Ministry of Water to I cleal not only with sea, and riveT fisheries, but with the water power of the country?— Mr. Prothero. 4 ￼ I PEDIGREE COD. I I look forward to the time when we shall I feed up and fatten fish as we used to fatten cattle. Let us have prize turbot and I pedigree cod.—Sir James Crichton-Browne. "GET ON WITH THE PEACE." I Some of us have been in the habit of say. Ing "Let us get on with' the war." That chapter is now closed. Let us get on with the peace.—Sir Gordon Hewart. WELL-BALANCED, I We pride ourselves on being a well- balanced nation, but to my mind the typical John Bull is one who keeps his equilibrium, by rolling heavily from one side to the other.—Dean Inge. THE NINEPENNY LOAF. I The outstanding success in connection with control has been the control of bread, the loaf being reduced from a shilling to nincpence.t It is admitted, however, that a subsidy of sixty millions has 93eeri paid for that purpose, and when the full story of the cost can be told we shall see that the cost, of the loaf has been increased from a shilling to Is. 6d. We nave paid 9d. and have sent a bill for 9d. to our great-great- grand-children.—Mr. Ernest Benn. AMERICAN, WOMEN'S ADVANTAGES. I The two things which have helped the American woman to obtain greater freedom are pHritanism and the absence of an aris- tocracy, which means that there is not much convention to which people have to conform. ■ —Professor Gilbert Murray. THE GOOD TIME COMING. I We shall be able to travel by aerial taxi. cab. We shall be able to start out for Rome, to feed the pigeons of St. Mark's if .we feel in need of a change, to fiy off to Norway to see the Midnight Sun,, or to spend the week- end in Cairo.—Mr. J. A. Whitehead. SAVED BY THE NAVY. I But for our sea-power Germany would have overrun the world, and in three or four .1 months would have obtaiued' her d-esires.- Sir Eric Geddes. UNKNOWN HEROES. I In spite of the long lists of men decorated that are published there are innumerable others who have done magnificently brave things in the war whom we do not know, although we know their work has been done. It may be thirty or forty years before we hear of some of the best of the inen, and in the- final, appraisement men unknown at pre- sent will come out and stand very high.— Hon. John Fortescue. FOR THE COUNTRY'S GOOD. J I My chief concern in remaining in. public life—the hollowness, bitterness, and insin- cerity of which makes me wish sometimes 1; was out of it—is to make this country a better country for returned service men to live in.—Mr. G. N. Barnes. NO MONOPOLY.. I Winning the war has not been the I monopoly of any set of men. It has been the united duty, and the united privilege, of the whole nation and of the whole Empire.—Mr. Asejuith.
EIGHT HCURS' DAY. GOVERNMENT CONCESSION TO ALL ? RAILWAY WORKERS. f An eight honrs' day for all the wages staffs of the who4e of the railways of the United Kingdom has been conceded by the Government. The agreement takes effect as from Feb- ruary I next, and is in the following tR,nnB- 1. The principle of an eight hours' day for all members of the wages has been conceded, and is to come into opera- tion February 1. 2. All existing conditions of service to remain unaltered pending the decision of a committee to be set up as soon pos- sible to review wages and other conditions of service of railwaymen in Great Britain. This agreement was reached as the result of two days of conferences between Sir Albert Stanley, President of the Board of Trade, and representatives of the National Union of Railwaymen, of which Mr. J. fl. Thomas is general secretary, and the Asso- ciated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen, of which Mr. J. Bromley is general secretary. Sir Albert Stanley also had an interview with the Premier at Downing-street, where a Cabinet meeting was being held. Mr. J. H. Thomas states that the eight hours' day will apply to railwaymen in Ireland as well as in meat Britain. In a .speech at Derby Mr. Thomas said he was glad that the settlement' of the railway dis- 1 pute had established for the first time the I principle of an eight hours' day. This example of the railwaymen, he hoped, would soon be followed by other workers. The. settlement would enable a rearrangement to be made that would ease the problem of demobilisation. It must be also clearly understood, he said. that the eight hours' principle >vas not established for the purpose of enabling over- time to be worked, but it was to be a rnaxi- mum working day, so that men and women might educate 'themselves to become .better citizens.
GOEBEN HANDED OVER. I The following statement has been issued by the Admiralty:- All- the Turkish warships have surren- dered to the Allies, and are now interned at the Golden Horn, Constantinople. The ex-German battle-cruiser Goeben has also surrendered, and is now lying at Stenia, in the Bosphorus.. The Russian men-of-war in the Black Sea Fleet, which were manned by the Germans, have now been handed over to the Allies. They consist of the Dreadnought battleship > Volya (formerly called the Impe-rator Alex- 1 ander III.) and six destroyers. In additiop to the above, four German sub- marines have been taken over, three of which will be sent to Ismid, in the Sea of Marmora.
BRITISH CRUISER MINED. I The Admiralty announces that H.M.S. Cassandra (Captain E. C. Kennedy, R.N.) struck a mine in the Baltic on Wednesday night., iust before midnight, and sank at 1 a.m. cri Thursday. Eleven men are missing, presumably killed bv the explosion. "All the remainder of the officers and crew were saved by our (Jestroyerc. The Cassandra was a light cruiser, and was a unit of the light cruiser equadron under the command of Rear-Admiral Sin- clair, which left t'.<- i'.vth of Forth towards the end of last month. Rear-Admiral Sin- clair's mission to the Baltic is to see that the terms of tht-, armistice are being carried out so as to enable British merchant ships to make use ef the Baltic.
BRITISH IN ROUMANIA. I The Press Bureau sta tes The King and Queen of Roumania made their official entry into Bucharest on Sun- day morning, December 1, amid a striking demonstration of loyalty and devotion. Con- tingents. representative of the British and French Armies and Roumanian troops ac- companied them. The British were received with the greatest enthusiasm everywhere, and their progress through the city was mark_ ed by loud cheers and every manifestation of plea- sure and gratitude. Throughout the whole of Roumania all classes of the population have heartily welcomed them and freely offered hospitality, which has been greatly appreciated by all ranks.
LORD R. CECIL & LEAGUE OF NATIONS. I Lord Robert Cecil, speaking at Letch- worth, amfiounced that the Government had asked him to take charge of the section of the British Peace Conference organisation which dealt with the League of Nations, and he need not say that he had v-eryl coT- "dially accepted the invitation. There was no work, LoM Robert de- clared, that he would more readily do for his country than to get up and state the British case in this great Conference, the greatest International Conference that per- haps had ever existed, in favour .of the greatest political. and social reform that could be carried out for the interests of mankind.
1,080 MARRIAGES A MONTH. I There were animated scenes at Liverpool on the occasion of the departure of the liner Minnedosa. tof St. John, N.B. Every berth was occupied by returning Canadian soldiers and women and children, the latter the advance guard of some 50,000 women and children who are gding to Canada during the next few months. Many-of the women- have never seen Canada, having- married their husbands in this country—in fact, it is said that Canadian soldiers are steadily ma,rrying British girls at the rate, of 1,(JID per month.
HIGH HEELS BANNED. I I 1 No one could be at his best -without a minimum of four or five m'iles' walk a day, or some other form of open-air exercise, said Dr. Truby King 'at the National Health Society. Before women could take reasonable exer- cise 'they would have to give up absurd high-heeled boots, he added. In the mental 'hospital to which he was attached the, first thing done on the arrival of a woman patient was to guillotine her boot heels.
Mrs. Taylor, wift- of Lie-atennut Taylor, of Cadogan-street, Middlesbrough, was ex- amining a'revolver helonging to her husband when it went off, inflic.ting fatal injuries. -Two thousand people followed the funeral of Joseph Reod, a Queens town Sinn Feiner, who died from gunshot, wounds. Three bands' played the Dead March. A verdict of "Accidental death" was re- turned at a St. Pancras' inquest on Marcelle Eve Codier, twenty-one, a French actress, I whose petticoat, while she was washing herself, f caught fire by coming into contact with a gae jet.
MILITARY HOSPITAL TRAGEDY. 1 A rerdict of "Wilful Murder" was re* turned against Lieutenant Sidney Hume, R.A.F., at an inquest at Kingston on Pri- vate Robert Aldridge, aged thirty-nine, of the R.A.M.C.j an orderlv, who was shot at the Latchmere House Military Hospital for Mental Cases, Richmond. j Major Norman, R.A.M.C., superintendent j of the hospital, stated that Lieutenant Hume came in as a patient after he had been repatriated from Gerfcanv, where he had been a prisoner of war for fifteen months. He suffered from delusions. One was that he had been, hypnotised by the German doctors and experimented on, and he thought the same sort of thing was going on in the Latchmere (Hospital. Lieutenant Hume was first put in that part of the building which WaB reserved for acute cases. He improved, and was sent to the convales- cent ward. Three "weeks ago. however, he seemed to be as bad as when he first came to the hospital. H wa- put to bed, and constant watch was ( Kept over him. He also had a slight attack of influenza.
I MISSING AIRMEN. I Every effort is being made to trace officers and airmen who have. become missing from time to time, and of whom no further infor- mation has been reveivedi eays the Air Ministry. Relatives and friends having any informa- tion concerning individual officers or men are requested to. forward it to the Air Ministry, when every effort will be made to locate the -cfficer or man concerned, but owing to the varying circumstances in regard to cases oi missing personnel, some considerable time must elapse before information of a satisfac- tory or conclusive nature can be received. Relatives are, however, assured that wher any definite information is obtained it wih be transmitted to the next-of-kin imme- f diately.
LEAGUfe OF NATIONS CHAIR. I Major David Davies, M.P., in a letter to Sir John Williams, president of the Uni- versity of College of Wales, oSers-?20,000? on behalf of his sic??rs and himself, to found a Chair of International Politics at Aberyst- wyth, "in memory of the fallen students oi our University, for the study of tho.-f related problems of law and politics, of ethics and economics, which are raised by f the project of a League of Nations, and for the encouragement of a truer understanding I of civilisations other than our own." "IVe should be glad," he adds, "if OUT proposal is accepted, that the Chair should be associated with the illustrious name of President Wilson."
I — I JOBS FOR WOMEN WAR WORKERS. I I To deal with special problems arising from the demobilisation of women in civil employ- ment a Women's Branch of the Demobilisa- tion and Resettlement Department of the Labour Ministry has been set up; also a Women's Trade Union Advisory Committee. The first is concerned with the re-employ, ment of women in occupations of which they have experience, and with the training of women for new fields of labour. The Trade Union Advisory Committee will deal with the return of women to domestic service, .training for new industries, and housewifery and infant welfare.
I NO PLACE FOR THE KAIstR. I The Kai.-er would be very lonely if we sent j him td St. Helena. There is practically no crime there at pre- sent, according to a Colonial report. Stone- throwing by night was for a period last year the most serious offence committed. Not a 'si.igle person was sent for trial, and 104 cut of the 210' summary cases dealt with came under the education, road tax. and poor-law ordinances. Three instances of flogging a'(! reccrded under the juvenile smoking law.
I WHY WE OCCUPY BAKU. I It is officially stated that the entry of Allied troops, either accomplished or. im- pending, into Baku, Batoum, and other places in Trans-Caucasia does not imply a-ny intention of permanent occupation. The objects of these rueasuref: are solely to enforce the terms of the armistice con- I cluded with Turkey. The ultimate statue of these regions must, be assured for the I decision of the Peace Conference. I
1 HOLIDAY MOTORING. -■ j í.' Motorists may use their caro, unrp- I [ strietedly—so far as their patrol aHown-'K' .? will permit—during the Christmas holidays, The Board of Trade announces that from pecpBther 16 to January 10 (inclusive) the provisions of the Motor Spirit aid Gas 1!?- stricti OIl Ordr, 1918, will be f:;usndu:, ) and motor vehicles may he used during period for any purpose without limitation of distance. No additional petrol .will be pro- I vided.
[ STILL MORE ALLOTMENTS. | r J Up to the beginning of I?t week ju?t. I over 297,000 allotments had been 1-yroi,i Ll<d under the Cultivation of Lands Orders; and during the week nearly 5,000 new plots were arranged for by twenty-six local nutborit'??. Thus the total number of allotments h? d under thê Orders now exceeds 3QC,000- which is believed to be roughly one-sixth j of the whole of the allotments in Engbnd i and ?ales. j
WHITE FLOUR FOR ALL. I Imported lfour may now be sold and used (I' under the same conditions as home-milled lfour. Flour milled in the United Kingdom now approximates closely to the pre-war stari- daid, and there is practically no distinction !j in quality between imported and home- j milled flour. White flour will now be cb- ( tainable without any. special permit. )
ESSEX AIR RAID DAMAGE. I Essex chief constable reports that in 73 air raids over the administrative county the ) Huns dropped 536 tbpynl-s, wlfich killed six j people and injured 30 and did damage esti- > mated at < £ 7.300. ¡ On the other side of the balanoe-sheeet two j Zeps and three Gothas were brought down in the county.
Sir David Beatty has ?beea on a visit to I Osborne Naval College, where his on, Cadet David Beatty, has undergone an opera,;on. jj This has been quite successful. i Mr. Keunedy Jones, !n opening a National J Kitchen at Hornsey, suggested that a great j deal of, industrial trouble might have been I due to the indigestion of tke workpeople j caused by inefficient cooking. There are now supplies of alcohol avail- j abl6 for industrial purposes. Methylated j spirit is again available to the public, and glycerine should in a few days be purchas- 4able in the ordinary w F cm W, 1. etoses, etc. <
I INCREASED PRODUCTION. I THE WAY TO HIGHER WAGES ANE SHORTER HOURS. I A statement of the policy of the Coali- tionists has been issued by the Prime Minister. Mr. Lloyd George says that those responsible for the war and its horrors must be brought to trial; that the Central Powers must pay the ccct of the war up tc the limit of their capacity, and that ail ,?,acit y an d that a!J enemy aliens are to be expelled. I • Alter dealing with the Government's re- construction scheme and its programme for the discharge of the nation's debt of honour to its sailors and soldiers, and the depen- dents of the fallen, the Premier says: "But the greatest benefit to the returned | soldier and sailor is a policy that will eiiec-t a general "improvement in the conditions of lite throughout the country, If the general level is raised, the returned soldier and sailor will advantage" by it. YOU Llive iixip!-oyed wages and improved conditions of labour unless you manage to increase production. The war Has demonstrated that tnis can be done by lm- proved Organisation. There are gigantic arreais to. make up in every department of manufacture. I "There is one condition for the success of all etfort.3 to increase the output of this cOllntry-confidence. i." ou ,mgt giro conii- deuce to all cftsses, confidence to those who have brains, to these who have capital, and t.o those with hearts aiM hands to work. i say to Labour: Yott shall Ifcpve justice; you. shall have fair treatment, a fair share of the amenities of Me, and vov.r children shall have equ-al opportunities with the children of the rich. "To capital I say: You shall not be piun- dered or penalised; do your duty by those who work for vou, and the future is free for all the enterprise or audacity you can give us. "But there must be an equal justice. Labour must have happiness in its heart.. We'll put up with no sweating. Labour is to have its just reward. And when the whole nation sees that wealth lies in pro- duction, that production can be enormously increased, with higher wages and shorter hours, and' when the elasses feel confidence in each other and trust each other, there will be abundance to requite the toil and" to gladden the hearts of all. "I will work hard for any scheme of profit-sharing which provides the workman with a real inducement to increase produc- tion. There lies our national salvation. We want better aud ever better machinery, not enly to ease the burden of the workman, but to shorten his hours and to increase his wages. That is the way to such prosperity T s we have never known. This is the new spirit I want to see breathed into industxv— that iucreased production has not fOT its end the enrichment of employers, but the enrich- ment of. all classes of the British people."
TRAMPS IN KHAKL Yagrancv had shown a decrease from 7.560 [ in 1914 to 1,470 in 1917, said Sir Willi.-tin Chanoc at a Poor Law Conference in Lon- doi^ Thousands of vagrants had evidently joined the Army and done something for their country. The number relieved from the poor rates had decreased from 748,019 iu 1914 to 586,78o in 1917. <"—————————————
TEACHERS TO LEAVE THE ARMY. An arrangement has been come to by the Board of Education with the Armv Council and the Ministry of National Service under whieh teachera who were below the Bl cate- gory or were in Bl and over 40, shall be released from the Army, on condition that they return to their former duties.
——————— I MORE FOOD FOR SPRING CHICKS. With a view to providing chicken food at reasonable prices, the Ministry of Food is arranging to distribute materials necessary for the manufacture of such food for chicka up to six weeks old. Betailers who want sup- plies should apply to their ii-sual wholeotalers.
The largest spider s web in the world waa spun not by a 'r, but by human hands. It stands on the lawn of a ChicagG man's country home, turd is of such tremendous size as to startle the passer-by when he first sees it. The creator of this interesting oddity conceived the idea of attempting to see how closely au actual spider's web could be reproduced Vith ropes. Selecting two immense trees on the lawn of his home, he -spun between them this spider's web, 40ft. by 60ft., which is so strong that & bov or man may easily climb to the centre or top of it.
More "than 50,000 Scottish textile workera demand am eight-hour day for five days, leaving Saturday free, and an increase of a week with a minimum of 95 per cent. over, pre-war wages. The Boilermakers' Society, Newcastle, re- commend members to accept the Engineering and Shipbuilding Employers' offer of a forty-seven-hour week as a very substantial reduction cf the present working hours.
? Great I I Reputation H among digestive medicines has been § H attained by Beecham?s Pills. This II M remarkable success Is due to their I B long and valuable service to the S I public. Beecbam?s Pills have B ? proved their worth, and the result is I ? that they hold a very high position ■ I in popular !avour/ Those who use I H Beecham's Pills never (ail to speak B N well of them and to recommend jt I them with perfect confidence. Asa I B remedy for the numerous ailments u I accompanying disturbance of the ■ B digestive system, s=h as biliotts? j? ? ness? constipatiac, zickheadache? H B flatulence, heartburn, loss of appe,' B B tite, and other stomach froubles, W B there is none that stands in' higher )? B estimation. The relief afforded by B B Beecham's Pills is speedy and tbair S B good effect upon the health is last, B B ing. Such being the general B ■ experience it is an easy matter to ■ fl understand the popularity of B j Beecham's I j Pills. | Q Sold everywhere I B in boxes, labelled Is-3d and 3s-0d. » 4