I "DIRECT ACTION." I a TRIPLE INDUSTRIAL ALLIANCE POSTPONE BALLOT I VOTE. TRAMWAY DEADLOCK: DEARER FARES. At a conference in London, the Triple I Industrial Alliance decided to postpone the I "direct action" ballot. This decision was arrived at by a very considerable majority. The following resolution was passed: "This conference accepts the decision of the three Executive Committees of the Triple industrial Alliance to postpone the ballot vote, and the ballot hereby stands post- poned and the whole question is adfourned until after the Trades Union Congress." The miners' delegates, who were the originators of the proposal to use the strike weapon on the political issues of eoncription and military intervention in Russia, sup- ported an immediate ballot. The influence of Mr. J. H. Thomas, Mr. J. Sexton, Mr. "Will Tfcorne, Mr. Harry Gosling, and Mr. Ben Tillett had a very great effect on the vote. TO THE LAST DITCH. One of the Labour M.P.s who was present at the conference and who has taken a firm stand against direct action, expressed the opinion that the decision in effect meant a vote against industrial action on political questions. Mr. Arthur Henderson, speaking at a meeting at Walworth, said that they must feel considerable satisfaction that the Triple Alliance had with striking unanimity de- cided against the policy of direct action for purely political purposes. "For purely political purposes," he said, for he did not admit that organised workers could entirely forego the weapon of direct action. "When labour has conquered political power and has taken over the machinery of government, as it may shortly be called upon to do, what will be our position? "Are we prepared to allow a minority to oppose a Labour programme of social and economic reform? Are we going to allow them to dictate that programme by uncon- stitutional methods? "A Labour Government would fight to the very last ditch against any policy of direct action bv any minority, whatever it may like to call itself." TRAMWAY TROUBLES. POSSIBILITY OF ALL SYSTEMS (' STOPPING. Apart from the chance of dearer fares there is grave danger of a national tram- way workers' strike. Negotiations to avert a stoppage were conducted in London, but reached a. deadlock. Lockilv, after further conferences the mat- ter was referred to arbitration, and the deadlock, at least temporarily, removed. The Transport Workers' Federation had demanded an advance of 12s. a week for all tramworkers, the merging of war bonuses in permanent wages and the reduction of the qualifying period for the maximum wage. Feeling among the workers in the pro- vinces is understood to be very strong, and the Manchester men have passed a resolu- tion to strike in the event of the demand not being conceded. The Municipal Tramways Association met in the afternoon, and after a very free ex- pression of opinion on the demands unani- mously decided:— In view of the financial position cf the tramways undertakings, no further in- crease of wages can be granted without either raising the fares or increasing local rates. Circumstances of different parts of the oountry vary greatly, and therefore it is impossible to deal with the vhole matter in one arbitration. We are prepared to accept arbitration by districts from the Minister of Labour. NO ARBITRATION BY DISTRICT. I The Tramway and Light Railway Com- panies decided to send a letter to Mr. Robert Williams, secretary of the National Transport Workers' Federation, pointing out that "the cost of operating tramways has increased enormously, and that the com- panies cannot increase their wage bill without disastrous consequences. The com- pany employers, therefore, are not in a position to entertain any proposal which in- volves increased expenditure." After meeting to consider the employers' reply, the Transport Workers' Federation decided unanimously to send a deputation I to the Ministry of Labour in order to indi- cate that, under no possible circumstances, will they accede to the principle of arbitra- tion bv district.
DOUGLAS-PENNANT INQUIoKt". The inquiry into the dismissal of Misa Violet Douglas-Pennant from the position of Commandant cf the AN omen's Royal Air Force will be opened at the House of Lords on October 14. The chairman will be Lord Wrenbury, and the proceedings will be public. Miss Douglas-Pennant's statement of tho case was filed at the House of Lords yester- day by her solicitors.
DROWNED IN 2ft. OF WATER. Alfred PinningVm, 56, estate agent, Rodenhurst-road, "Clapham Park, S.W., was drowned at Heie Beach, about A miie from Ilfracomhe. He was seen to arrive by cycle and to go bathing. Nothing unusual ow a.4 noticed until 25 minutes had elapsed, when the bodv was discovered in 2ft. of water by a visitor.
SECRET ROYAL COMMISSION. The Royal Commission on Agriculture, which hoids its meetings in secret, had de- cided that the evidence of the first six days should be printed and published forthwith, together with the relative tables, and in future the hearings should be published each succeeding fortnight.
INJURED MAN'S GOLD HOARD. Charles Linton, marine store dealei, Townley-street. Ramsgate, who lived alone in supposed dire poverty, was foun-d hurt by a fall, and taken to the infirmary. Hoarded in odd corners in his house -In gold and a quantity of silver and ooppers have been discovered by the police.
THE SAGACIOUS BOW-WOW. The owner of an unmuzzled clog, who was fined 20s. at Himps-tend, said it was wonder- ful how perfect dos had become in evading the order. "Nowadays," he said, "they find no difficulty in pulling each other's muzzles off. My dog has last 'ive muzzles in this way. In a second case a consta ble said that while outside Jiampstead Heath Station an unmuzzled dog came and sat down by hi? side. "He came calmly along and gave himself up."
THE LIMPET. It is in the minds ot most people that the limpet (Sot that of t'?- ?mtehall variety!) clings to the rock b?.u.se it creates a v?.m bv raisin? the ?trai?t partoi its bodv a?d pre?.in? down t? ??e. But ?.f an adhering limpet weie ct ? tv,o both parts would stil h<? ? th?r base, though ?y vacuum .Y.-? ?t ?is t,?ne A verv stronc-?. -?..? ??,c.?Llu?ji is the holding power, wh:, h the limpet can deposit at will. Detach one. and touch its flesh with your finger. and you will feel, though -11"Q Before any vou cannot see, this glue. Before any enemy. or in a storm, the limpet thus glue, itself to its resting-place. W hen the peri] is ()var. a little water ioos-ens its hold. Apparently "firmly" atfaoiied to its home. the limpet wanders away r.ightly for food returning- to reet early m tne morning.
German v is tC, SUD')- w-ith 22,000 tons of potash before xkcemoer ol. Major-General John Eugg.lcs, Father of the Lucknow g-arriaou," i?t -?.a. will be Man- If be acce pt AIJer??F. '? ?e Man- > ts, ;-r Chester'? first Labour i???- ??y?- IXwer C?ncil want to k??v *le Calais paS8eLger service is to M rpened. Apples are Id. per lb. at CuIIompton, Devon. K It will take 30 carriages tc remove the ex- Ka4- to hIS new hocle, TIUZ, Doom. t th?- lientieh aero. Civilians may now visit the Kentish aero- dromes.
I HAMMERING ON 'CHANGE. I The most terrible thing that can happen at the London Stock Exchange is for a member to be "hammered." At this world financial market there are two rostrums situated at either end of the "House," and from them is pronounced the financial doom of tho defaulting jobber or broker. When this has. to be doii4 a waiter" as-cends each rostrum. Neither could make his voice travel the whole length of the floor, but each can ocver his own half of it. Together, then, tlie- strike twice with their hammers. No matter how crowded or excited the "House," instantly there is silence. One never knows what is coming. The man to be hammered may be one's best friend, or a stran,ler. His failure may mean serious personal loss, or nothing at all. Intent, the "House" waits until each waiter," reading from a slip of paper, announces: "Gentle- men, Mr. So-and-So is unable to comply with his bargains." There is no variation in tho formula, save when it is a firm that takes the knock, when "Messrs." is substi- tuted for "Mr." The broken man's affairs are taken charge of bv the committee, and, of course, he is debarred the "House." Perhaps, however, things are not so bad as they look. lie may, after all, be able to pay 20s. in the pound, in which case he may bo reinstated. If he can eventually settle not lesa than 50 per cent. of his liabilities, he may be allowed to re-enter the or House" as a "second class" member, his dealings as such being limited to a certain amount. An extraordinary case is recorded in the annals of the Houne where one day a well-known and perfectly-solvent member was hammered. The "House" was stupefied -he of all men. Then relief came as the said member roared indignantly: "It's a d-d lie!" And this proved to be the case, an extraordinary blunder having been made. On the afternoon the Boer War com- menced, Mr. Carlos C. Clarke, leader of all Rhodesian Stock Exchange demonstrations, made his appearance, walking-stick-baton in hand, and mounted a bench ont there. There was- dead silence. Mr. Clarke smote thrice with his stick, and said solemnly: "Gentle- men. Mr. Kruger has not complied with his bargains f Immense cheers and laughter foriowed this witty sally, and then "God Save the Queen" was sung with tremendous fervour.
FILMING IN THE AIR. I Climbing on to a. wing- of an aeroplane flying 1,000 feet above the Mersey near New Brighton lighthouse, Professor F. Gadsby, a one-legged swimmer, jumped with a para- chute. As he was unable to free himself from the parachute he did not dive into the river as intended, but dropped gently and was picked up by a motor-boat. The descent was "filmed by operators from another aeroplane.
DEATH OF SIR JOHN KENNAWAY. The death has occurred at Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, of Sir John Henry Ken- naway, President of the Church Missionary ( Sociotv and of the London, Society for the Promotion of Christianity among the Jews. Sir John, who was born in 1837, was a politician for nearly 40 years, a colonel of the Devon Volunteers, a president of several religious bodies, and a lawyer.
PERAMBULATOR RUNS INTO LAKE I A perambulator containing 18-month-old twins, which was left temporarily un- attended, ran into the lake at the Ropnei Park, Stockton-on-Tees. Both infants were drowned.
CtilLUS DEATH THROUGH I RUNNING. Running about after a heavy meal of liver, bacon, potatoes, and onions, a Liver- pool child, aged 2J, was taken ill and died.
DUBLIN GIRL'S MASQUERADE. A strange story of a girl's masquerade was told in Dublin Court, when Mabel McCormack, a domestic servant, was charged with unlawfully wearing the uni- form of a woman officer ol the Royal Army Service Corps. She was stopped by a detective and, it was stated, told him she came from Brook- lyn, New York, when the war broke out with her father and brothers. Her father became an Army captain, two of her brothers got commissions, arid, three were killed. Later she said, "I boug-ht the offi- cer's uniform. I was never in the Army.
CONCfiIE'S LOSE VOTES. Mr. Bramwell Longstaffe, the secretary to Barrow Labour Party, and his brother Thomas have been struck off the voters' list at Barrow Revision Court. on the ground of being conscientious objectors. The step is subject to the registration officer receiving confirmation of this action from the Local Government Board. Mr. Bramwell Long- staffe urged that ad a conscientious objector he was punished by a court-martial.
LLP. MEMBER FINED. Harry Stoddart, of Ferryhill, Durham, a member of the Independent Labour Party, was charged at Durham with spreadin- false reports likely to prejudice his Majesty's relations with foreign Powers. Superintendent Waller said that at a meeting of railwaymen Stoddart was selling a prohibited paper oif alleged executions and atrocities committed in Russia. Stod-dart was fined .£5.
ON THE NOD. Travelling on the Piccadilly tube without paying her fare, Miss May Stokes, of 59, Warwick-road, Earl's Court, a former season-ticket holder, passed a collector at the barrier, saying Good morning." She travelled to South Kensington and passed through the lift, nodding to the attendant. When stopped, she said that, having been accustomed to pass as a season-ticket holder she sometimes forgot to take a ticket and paid at the other end. She offered to pay, but the fare was refused. Fiiied X2 and £2 2s. costs. j
TRAWLING LOCK-OUT. I Trawler owners have locked out crews at I Aberdeen, and 50 vessels are laid. up. The ownera demand that crews shall proceed tc sea the dav after a catch is landed, but the I nrpws want 24 hours in port after landin" fish.
POOR MAN'S' HOSTEL. I Iveagh House, Dublin, which accommo- dated 500 men at 8d. per night each, is to I be closed owing to labour troubles.
During the demolition of an old house in High-street, Eltham, coins dating from 1648 to 1807 have, been found in the rafters. together with curious knives and forks of an early pattern. M. Georges Clairin. the well-known French painter, has died. General Seely, Air Minister, is making steady progress towards convalescence after hia recent fall. Mr. W. E. Clarke., of Strood, has found on the beach at Allhallows. Kent, a mussel containing four small pearle, two black and two whits. A special Berlin-Friedrichehafen, line has been established for German aerial traffic. Chief Inspector Rivett, of A Division, was seriously hurt by being thrown from his horse- in Marsham-street, Westminster. Brooklands motor-racing track is to be renovated by the Road Board at an esti- mated. coet of < £ 10,000. It is expected that the- work will begin this month. There wero 9,138 fewer lunatics in Eng- land and Wales last year than in 1917, according to the annual report of the Lunacy Boards
THE WYRLEY GANG. I I FRESH SERIES OF OUTRAGES THREATENED. AN EXTRAORDINARY I LETTER. I Recently a horse was found mutilated at Wednesbury, and a letter posted at West Bromwich was received in Wolverhampton, headed "Warning Notice. Headquarters, Markot Place, Wyrley." and stated: "The Wyrley Gang is giving the bluebottles a week's notice to leave the bluebottle force in Staffordshire. If not, there will be another maiming outrage at West Brom- wich. I want another six men to join, as nearly all our gang have been killed in France fighting for the Germans. Anyone can join the gang bar the bluebottles by applying to Count von G. II. Darby, captaiii of the
TRAPPING THE HUN. An interesting story was told by Admiral Sir Henry Jaciison of how fishermen in a sailing smack took a haiid in the war on their own account, at Leeds. A gun was mounted and concealed in the hold, and the smack went to the fishing grounds and waited. Then a calm came, and a German submarine appeared and. started to destroy the fleet ship by ship. The crow of the smnok waited until the submarine came alongside to investigate her, then a whistle blew, the bulwarks fell a-way. and the gun appeared. One shot- was enough, to finish the submarine. The admiral also told of a man who was in seven torpedoed ships— and .still wanted another .ship.
S42 BID FOR AIR SOUVENIR. 1 The sum of £ 40 was bid for the Atlantic of a Yev, f oiiii d air-post souvenir, consisting of a Newfound- land stamp used in tho mail carried by Mr. Hawker, contained in a morrocco album on a mount autographed by Viscount Novth- cliffe, and by Sir John Aicock, Sir A. Whit- ten Brown, Mr. Hawker, Capt. Mackenzie- Grieve, and Mr. T. Sop with. Dater a bid of X42 was received from the Herts Philatelic Society. The proceeds of the souvenir are to go, without deduction, to the Newfoundland Marine Disasters Fund.
CZAR'S ROLLS-ROYCE SOLD. Eight Rolls-Royce motor-cars, sold at Olympia, London, by the Disposal Board, fetched X20,075, the lowest price paid being X2,100, and the highest, for a. landauietteg built for the late Czar, £ 3,025. Ford landaulettes were sold at prices ranging from £ 362 10s. to £ 315, while a Ford open four-seater fetched only £ 215 5s. Slightly higher prices were realised for Studebaker open four-seaters, one of which made L372 15s.
I HORSES RESCUED BY FIREMEN. The Oldham Fire Brigade had to rescue two horses from a milf lodge," a, water dam. It appears that the horses, attached to a lorry, took fright and bolted down the street through the mill yard and plunged into the lodge, where they struggled for nearly an hour with men holding their heads above water. The firemen hauled theci out with pulley blocks and ropes.
50ft. FALL INTO THAMES. j While two men were painting the Tower i Bridge the tackle gave way and fell 50ft. into the Thames, the cradle, on which they were standing narrowly missing some b a r barges. The two men—Arthur Ores (50), of Mont- pelier-gardens, East Ham, and W illiam Charles (32), of St. James's-road, Holloway —kept afloat until picked up, They were taken to Guy's Hospital, and. later went to their homes. ■■■ ■
I SELF-CONFESSED. I Charged with having wilfully destroyed a number of books and documents, Henry Hart Hyamg, secretary of the Second I Bishopsgate Mutual Benefit Society, of Duke-street, A Ideate, E., was, at London Guildhall, committed for trial. Hyams, it is alleged, confessed that he had misused about £ 8,000 of the society's funds. j
I SPARROWHAWK AND BIRDCAGES. Burglars who broke into tho house of Mr. Thomas Sparrowhawk, a rag and bone mer- chant, of Portland-road, Mitcham, stole X50 in notes and a good deal of clothing, and turned on all the gas taps before leaving. Mr. Sparrov/hawk, who was living by him- self, was awakened by the fall of 00> a pile of birdcages which the burglars knocked over as they left.
1, ARMY RELEASES. I A further Army Order provides for the demobilisation by February 1, 1020, of all men enlisted under Lord Derby's scheme, those who were 36 years old by April 30 last, those who enlisted voluntarily on or before July 1. 1016 (except regular soldiers), those entitled to wear two wound stripes, and thoee in India eligible for release
CAUGHT! I A correspondent writes: A boy of about four, staying at tOo holiday resort, w¡t stung by a wasp. On his father asking him how it had. happened, he answered, "I found their hole, and prodded them ul-, and made them come m and out. At last one of them raw me do it." —
FROM NEWSBOY TO PULPIT. The Rev. Walter II. Armstrong, now, I minister of Wesley's Chapel, City-road, E.C., once sold newspapers in London streets. I
NEW FLIGHT RECORD. I The French airman Sadi Lecointe has won I the Deutsch de la Meurthe Cup by flying I round Paris, via St. Germain, Seilis" Meaux, and Melun, a distance of 125 miles, in 48min. 3sec., an average speed of 155i I miles an hour. I
I BIRCH FOR BAD BOYS. I Three of four schoolboys charged at New- i castle with breaking into the cattle docks, beating 34 lambs, and riding on their backs ) till they fell dead, were ordered to be j birched. I
German delegates are to he invited to the international labour conference at WTashing- ion. Port of London Authority will raise the pay of their police to the Metropolitan standard. Huntingdonshire Council is protesting a.airlf;t the "enormoiia increase" in the pay of police. President Tinoco, of the Costa Rica Re- public, together with hii wife and daughter, has arrived in England. I
LEAVING RUSSIA. BRITISH FORCES TO BE WITH. DRAWN BEFORE ICE CLOSES. PORTS. KIEFF CAPTURED BY DENIKIN. Those with kith and kin on the Russian front will welcome the official news to the effect that before ice closes the ports all British forces in North Russia will be with- drawn. Of Course, this is in accordance with the settled policy of the War Office, which re- cent events in North Rus&ia have in no shape or form altered. The last batch of British conscript soldiers in North Russia has set sail for home, and only volunteers are left there now. General Denikin's occupation of Kieff, the foifrth largest town in Russia, has been confirmed by the War Office. The London "Daily Express" prints a letter they have received from Lieut,-Col. Sherwood-Kelly, V.C., C.M.G., D.S.O., in which he makes startling statements that cannot remain unchallenged, concerning the situation in Archangel. The journal in question demands that the matter be im- mediately investigated. In the course of his letter, which describes the present position in North Russia, the I gallant officer says, "That the troops of the Relief Force, which we were told had been sent out purely for defensive purps, were being used for offensive purposes, on a large scale and far in the interior, in furtherance of some ambitious plan of campaign the nature of which we were not allowed tc know. "I formed the opinion that the puppet Government set up by us in Archangel rested on no basis of public confidence and support, and would fall to pieces the moment the protection of British bayonets was with- drawn. "I saw British money poured out like water and invaluable British lives sacrificed in backing up this worthless army and in keeping in power this worthless Govern- ment, and I became convinced that my duty to my country lay not in helping to forward a mistaken policy, but in exposing it to the British public." OFFICIAL REPLY TO CHARGES. A high official at the War Oifice said that Colonel" Sherwood Kelly's charges were "biased and unfounded." "Colonel Kelly has never been in a p-osi- tion, nor been long enough in North Russia. to know either the political position at Archangel or the mental attitude of the North Rureian people. "Ife was an individual battalion com- mander, whose duty took him to the front, and he would not know the factors influeno ing the situation. "In connection with the process of evacu- ation which is going forward well, relief forces are required to extrin, ic the tired troops and to guard the lines of communi- cation. "The White Paper issued recently shows that the expenditure in North Russia from armistice day to July 31 is about X22,000,000, of which < £ 5,000,000 are the estimated value of stores presumed to be unmarketable. (The total cost of operations for the whole of Russia for this period is £ 70,000,000)." In official circles the view is held that it will be found when the ice closes the ports that the British troops will have left.
FATAL 'BUS RIDE. TWO WOMEN FLUNG OFF THE TOP. COLLISION WITH TREE. A serious omnibus accident occurred in Barry-road, East Dulwich, by which one woman was killed, dying on the way to hospital, and another rendered unconscious. It appears that the omnibus pulled out at a spot where the road was being repaired in order to pass another vehicle coming from the opposite direction. In doing so it col- lided with a tree at the side of the read. The top near side of the omnibus was wrenched away, and the two women, who were the only passengers on that side, were flung to the ground.
FELL FROM ROOF. A. mechanical engineer, George Emery (30), employed at the New City Club, Wal- brook, London, slipped on the framework of a glass dome on the roof of the club, and fell into the entrance hall, 60 feet below. The chairman of the ,club stated that Emery, who was a heavy man, was one of the best servants the club had ever had.
ISLAND ON FIRE. A huge fire, which was burning for two days on Maimaxi Island, near Archangel, has destroyed everything for miles round, the damage being estimated at 60,000,000 roubles, the nominal value of which is £ 6,000,000. Fortunately no lives have been lost.
THE TERRIERS.' Brig.-Gen. R. B. Colvin, M.P.^ at the quarterly meeting of Essex Territorial Force Association, said that the new con- ditions of the Territorial Force, which were on the point of being issued, have had to be put back into the melting-pot and re. cast. A letter was read from the War Office expressing the opinion that the associations should be reconstituted, and men who had been on active service should replace some of the members who had not.
E480 A YEAR, BUT NO INCOME TAX I PAID. Nicholas Rutter, a Belgian, who had earned X437 in nine months, when sum- moned at Hampstead for non-payment of half a year's income tax, and ordered to pay CIS 15s. 7d. in-a week, said, "I can't pay it; I can't afford to." He had been allowed abatement of £ 2o for each child, and Cl8 for other relatives. During the nine months he had sent Y.740 to his people in Belgium, where he had never been asked for income tax.
Herr Alfred Lohmann, one of the founders of the German company which built the commercial submarines Deutsch- kind and Bremen, is dead. Milford Haven fish market is expected to close in a few days, owing to the strike of skippers and mates of steam trawlers for better conditions. Fines amounting to £100 were imposed at Grimsby on two Norwegian seamen for con- ceahng spirits on a vessel.
I NOTES CN NEWS. It is only natural that a great outcry should have been made at the grave scandal created by the pulling down of habitations in populous districts and building on the new site cinemas and other similar places of entertainment. Difficult enough in all con- science is the present housing pre ;iem, and if materials are to be utilised for the con- struction of picture palaces, of which we already have quite a surfeit, the position becomes preposterous in the extreme. In spite of the fact that the Ministry of Health are said to be pu.-hing ahead their own cam- paign for the better housing of the people, it is quite noticeable everyhere that the building trade is practically at a standstill- Pause for one moment and think "hen you last saw builders at work on hotioe pro- perty, and then compare the (),L- with the present demand. Surely it is high time the Government stopped this scandal of indiscriminate building of picture palaces and looked after the taxpayer, who literally in many cases has nowhere to lay his hcad, Home Toy Trade. Many members of the home toy-making industry agree with the suggestion made by Sir Auckland. Geddes that the iJritish toy manufacturers are exaggerating the dangers of German competition. The head of a London firm dealing exclusively in Ehiti-li- made toys has said that although it was true we were not yet able to com pete with Germany in certain line.—mechanical toys, for instance-it was equally true that the war had given us a lead in varicrs buanches of the trade which it would t:c Germany all her time to regain. "For example," he added, "when we started to make dolVa we struck out in a new direction, and our de- sign has proved so much more acceptable to buyers that Germany has been forced to follow us. We may be compelled to buy German heads, but even then we can com- pete as far as the finished article is con- cerned." I Life Assurance. The Committee recently appointed by the President of the Board of Trade to inquire into Industrial Life Assurance have now arranged for the first public sittings f::>r hearing evidence to be held throughout- the week, commencing Monday, October 6. The scope of the inquiry will cover all policies issued by the companies and societies indi- cated upon which small sums up to, and in- cluding, < £ 50 are payable at death or at the end of specified periods, and the Committee will welcome any information and sugges- tions from persons who are interested in such policies, or whose experience of the business ia likely to assist them in their inquiry. All communications and applica- tions to be a llowed to give evidence should be addressed to the Committee, Board ,f Trade, 55, Whitehall, London, S.W.I. I Mammoth Coal Deal. News is to hand of a great colliery merge having taken. place in South IVates, one which is on a far greater Ecalo than any- thing attempted by that celebrated coal magnate, the late Lord Rhondda. It is es- se r ted that the capital involved in the deal is not less than 15,000,0,00, and that the chief participants in the undertaking arc- Mr. D. R. Llewellyn, of Aberdare, and Mr. H. Seymour Berry, of Merthyr, the latter 'of whom was associated, as a business part- ner, with Lord Rhondda in the colliery com- panies invoiced in the Cambrian Collieries, Ltd., and the Ocean Coal Company. It is also reported that the large steei and iron companies in tho North of England are con- cerned in the transaction, which is the biggest ever recorded in any British ccal- field. The amount mentioned is obviously considerable, and it will he very interesting I to watch future developments. Boycott the Hun t A report has been circulated to the effect that, according to Liverpool members of the National Union of Seamen, firemen in the London Docks have refused to handle a cargo from Germany "until something is stated definitely regarding the punishment of enemy submarines guilty 0I practices analogous to murder." An official of the Victoria and Albert Dock branch of the National Sailors' and Firemen's. Cnion states that the policy of his union is to bcyvott the Germans until they atone for their crimes committed at sea. "We are endoovol,ring to enlist -tllo aid of the dock workers in the same purpose by refusing to handle German cargoss," he added. "We are not satisfied that Germany is being run democratically. We sav tho people running the country are as big autocrats as the Kaiser." hTroubJe on ths Mersey. I And yet more strikes and rumours of strikes; this time on the Mersey, and not on its banks. It appears that mc¡uber of the Coastwise Masters, Mates, and Engineers' Association, at u. meeting at Liverpool, passed a resolution to cease work, in accord- ance with the plan of campaign previously arranged. The stoppage is likely to affect important Liverpool firms engaged in the coastwise trade. In connection with this de- cision it may be pointed out that at a meet- ing held at Garston, a resolution was passed to the effect "that the members of the As- sociation were convinced that shipowners do not intend to fulfil the agreement come to by the National Maritime Board and the Shipping Controller on the subject cf offi- cers' wages in the mercantile marine, and we hereby decide to cease work, in accord- ance with the result of our ballot, on the> date decidod, until the owners keep- the full terms of settlement, and we instruct our general secretary to organise meetings to make the movement general." One wonders what next interest will begin to "assert its ri 9hts
Already a movement has been started to- place a memorial to General Botha in West- minster Abbey, and is receiving wide sup- port. The Cunarder Caronia, 20/30 tons, now in the Thames, has been visited by the. public. F or stealing a motor-car be- longing to J. Lyons and Co., Ltd., Harold Charm an, 29, a former employee, was at London Sessions sent to 12 months' hard labour. For sending four ducks to rsarlaet :1 a' box 15in. long, lljin. wide, and 12in. iigh, Walter Rummings, a Brinkworth (Wilts) fanner, was fined £ 2. Two of the ducks died in the box. For use as a sanatorium, Middlesex: County Council decided to buy part of Harefield Park, near Uxbridge, containing huts which have been used, as an Aiistralian military hospital. Towards a total cost of i;64,000 the Government will contribute £ 38.460. Many beautiful wreaths were placed on the grave beside that of her husband in Hit-chain Churchyard, near Maidenhead, where Princess Alexis Doigororiki was buried. The Rev. H, I. Wilson, sector of Hitcham, read the service. Estates in the Long Sutton district oi South Lincolnshire belonging to the Allenby family and Ladv Mont^merie have pro- duced £ 41,700 by private sale and public auction.
LONG-SERVtCE RECORD. William Carter, aged 7i, w ho is still working at Mabledon Farm, Tonbridge, Kent, has seen 61 years' service on one farm. Carter's proudest possession is a silvet medal given to him last yeófr on the comple- tion of 60 years' work, by vMr. A. F. Finn- Kelcey, his present employer. At one time he was bailiff, but now does odd jobs. In spite of his age he is in good health, and walks more than three railes a day to and from his home.
LEEDS AND "FREEDOM." I The Leeds City Council has agreed tcp confer the freedom of the city on Marshal Foch, Field-Marshal Haig, and Admiral Beatty. Mr. T. Rusht.on said that while we were financing the Russian campaign and perpe- trating- oiitrages upon men and women of other nations he eoulcl not vote fur the reso- lution. The Lord Mayor, Mr. Joseph Henry, in- dignantly protested a-gainst Mr. Rushton s remarks. "It is nothing but a libel," he said. "I think people outside will deal out justice to men who make such charges against the British Army."
I COLONELS LEAP TO DEATH. I A sensational tragedy has occurred at Portsmouth. where Colonel Sir Robert Megan Ireland, C.B., C.M.G., K.B.E., of Southsen, threw himself in front of an approaching train and was killed instantly at the Town Station. Scribbled in pencil on the inside of an envelope in his wallet was the following message to his wife:— INa, Darling, and Best of Wives,— Adieu! I cannot bear it. My brain has gone. Forgive me. God have mercy on me.
Burglars who broke Into 142, Wyndham- roed, Gomberwell, and got away with jewel- lery and a small safe, are believed to be four men seen with a governess car and a fast-trotting horse. AJderman G. C. Farr proposed in Ealing Council tbatspeoeial constables be enrolled as a safeguard against what Councillor Marshall termed "wild men going a bout preaching revolution." He was defeated by 10 votes to 5. i"our German guns presented to Farnham Were NtiKwxl from the recreation ground tfuriug the night and pitched into the river. "ernic-le is in operation between tne U-ni,ed Kingdom and Denmark for the transmission of ordinarv and Press tele- Thieves stole 400 pairs of boots from a boct factc?y 4t C ?*" ■ toot factory ut East Shilbon, near Hinckley.
DEATH OF LORD BERESFORD. SUDDEN SEIZURE WHILE IN II SCOTLAND. FIFTY=TWO YEARS A SAILOR Universal regret will be caused by the news of the death of Admiral Lord Beres- ford, which took place on Saturday last at the Duke of Portland's shooting-box at Langwell, Berriedale, Caithness-shire. Charles William de la Pocr Beresford, G.C.B., G.C.Y.O., 1st Baron, second son of the 4th Marquess of Waterford, was born on February 10, 1846. He entered the Royal Navy in 1859 and became a lieutenant in 1868; a commander in 1875; captain in 1882; rear-admiral in 1897; vice-admiral in 1902; and admiral in 1906; eventually retiring in 1911.
QUITE GOOD I I An officer connected with a Government Department dealing with soldiers' pensions has received the following letter:— Sir,—My wife—perhaps it would be more correct to say widow-much regrets that she cannot give you either number of my grave or name of cemetery in which it is situated. My body f(as claimed by my wife imme- diately I returned to this country. I should be pleased if you would kindly confirm officially what you imply, in order that my wife upay claim a widow's pension. Also I am anxious to know whether I, being dead, am liable to prosecuti<0i for having represented myself aA living, iji order to claim partial disability pension at present drawn by me.—Yours in the Spirit (of jest).
DANGEROUS BITES. I Mrs. Emma Xewman, wife of a Spital- fields caterer, had a slight swelling on her nose, and she and her husband jok^l flout it. The swelling became ivo-Rel and eventu- ally Mrs. wniati was taken to hospital, where she died from bronchial pneumonia supervening on blood poisoning. The husband said at the inquest that he thought the swelling was due to the bite of an insect, and a doctor said it was reason- able to suppose that a gnat bite caused the trouble.
RISING COAL OUTPUT. I The coal output for the weeks ended August 16 and 23, according to a Board of Trade return, shows a substantial increase in the second week in the South Wales and Monmouth coalfield, and smaller increases in the Scottish, Lancashire, Staffs, and Notts and Derby districts There were slight decreases in Northum- berland and Durham. The restarting of the Yorkshire mines after the strike is shown in a. big increase irt output there.
HORSE MEAT FOR BELGIUM. I A strike has occurred at Goole docks II connection with the traffic in old horses, sent for food purposes to Belgium. The horses are now killed in England, nnd the flesh is frozen before being exported. When the steamship Hxlkr was to le- ceive a quantity of this neat- t'ie labourers refused to handle it. another gang of dockers were offered a bonus cf 5s. per man, but they also refused.
BOOTBLACK'S FORTUNE. I John Francis, a bootblack who for more than 30 years has occupied a stand opposite "The Coal Hole" in the Strand, has had a I windfall of < £ 1,500, a legacy from, a. woman who was a friend of his family year, ago. Francis is more than 70, and a solicitor I has long been searching for him.
TWO KILLED IN FLYING CRASH. I While flying near Billingborough, Lines, Lieut. William Eugene Coulson, of Epsom, and Engineer James Roach Taylor, of Queensferrv, Chester, both of the R.A.F., were killed. Tho machine nose-dived from a great height, got out of control, and crashed.
The Ministry of Munitions has decided not to issue a medal to munition workers. A small dairy farm near Whitchurch, Shropshire, of 38 acres, realised = £ 6,150. Maidstone Corporation haa declined to accede to the request of the local De- -mobilised Soldiers' Association that tram- way conductresses should be dismissed to make way for discharged soldiers. Cologne will be heavily fined if the thefts of British material there (chiefly motor tyres and spare parts) do not cease. In the Swindon area more than P,66,000 has been paid in out-of-work benefit, and over 1,000 men are still unemployed. Scarborough's prosperous holiday season has resulted in the clearing off of heavy rate arrears accumulated during war years. Corporal Norman Harvi-y, V.C., 1st Innis- killings, of Newton-le-Willows, Warrington, was married at Duffryn, Neath, to Corporal Nora Treodwell, Q.M.A.A.C. Lieutenant Lord C. C. Douglas has re- linquished his commission in the R.A.F., it was announced in the "London Gazette," owing to ill-health caused by wounds. William Wright, of Hackney, who wae re- cently repatriated from Germany, was killed by a fall of earth while he was work- lwr in a railway siding at Northwich, Cheshire. Sir George McL. Brown, European man- ager of the Canadian Pacific Railway, an- nounced that a direct steamship service between Chri-tiirua and Canada will be started on October 10.
I JUVENILE PRECOCITY. I THREE YOUNGSTERS GO TO PRISON I FOR HO.USEBREAKING. The limits of juvenile precocity would seem to have been reached by three grammar-school boys, Stanley Childs, 14, Lancelot Brody, 15, and Joseph Conway, 15, educated at Rutherford College and St. Cuthbert's Grammar School, who at New- castle were sent to prison for a-month in the second division for breaking into six private houses and stealing goods worth nearly X400. George Childs, 18, charged with receiving', was also sentenced to a month's imprison- ment in the second division. It was stated that the boys found that the houses were empty by going round eelling lottery tickets. They did a good deal of damage to furniture in ransacking the houses.
THE MILK LAW AND THE WAY OUT I Plain speaking was indulged in by Mr. Waddy, at North London Court, in dismiss- ing a summons against the Leicester Dairy Farmers' Co-operative Society, Limited, alleged to have given a false milk warranty to Messrs. A. Stapleton and Sons, dairy- men, of Stoke Newington. Some day, he said, Parliament might find time to protect the milk consumer in London. As it was, the local authority summoned the retailer. The retailer produced a war- ranty from the farmers, and the summons against the retailer was dismissed. The farmer, or farmers, were summoned, and all thev had to do was to show that the milk from the time it left the cows to the time it was put on the rail had not been tam- pered with.
A PROTEAN SWINDLER. A man wearing a. dark suit but no hat persuaded a messenger boy whom he met in the street to take a cheque which had been altered from tl 6s. Gd. to < £ G0 6s. 6d. to a bank near High Holborn. His manner suggested that he was in a hurry and had just come out of an office. During the few minutes tho boy was on the errand the man procured from somewhere a fawn raincoat and a tweed cap. Meeting the boy he took the money and made off. The City Police are now locking for him. He is described as about 35, heavily pitted with small-pox, clean shaven, and with dark hair.
LONDON TRAFFIC COMMITTEE. Sir Eric Geddes, Minister of Transport, is sending a letter to the chairmen of the County Councils of London and adjoining counties, asking for the appointment of a nor inee on a special advisory committee he is setting up to deal with the matter so far as the powers of the Ministry permit. This committee is being set up without prejudice to the idea adyanc-ed by tJie Ken- nedy-Jones Committee, now being con- sidered by the Cabinet, that there should be for London a separate traffic authority to deal with the whole question.
DOG BITE CAUSES DEATH. I Mrs. Anna Rogers, aged 73, a widow., residing in Forre-street, Meanwood-road., Leeds, died in the local infirmary through a dog bite. It appears that while she was out shop- ping in the afternoon a dog rushed at her and bit her in the leg. The wound bled freely, and she died an hour after arrival at the infirmary. She is stated to have suffered from varicose veins.
TARRING A GIRL. AN ATTACK BY AIEN IN WOMEN'S CLOTHES. The tarring of an Irish girl in a public road by three men dressed in women's clothes was revealed at Drumana Petty Sessions, Leitrim, when three young men, named James Brennan, John Mulvey, and John Cronogue, were committed for trial on a charge of assaulting Lizzie Moran, aged 19. The girl said the men were dressed in women's clothes, and their faces were covere d with window curtains. They wore no boots, and they did not speak. The men I began to jump about the road, and, picking up dirt, threw it at her. Afterwards she was caught by the men and knocked down. She then described the assault, saying the men tarred her.