Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

10 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



TALKS ON HEALTH. By A FAMILY DOCTOR. • A DOCTOR'S THERMOMETER. I wonder if any of you are clever enough to use a doctor's thermometer yec. You ought to be, witl< so many V.A.D.s in your M. It is a very useful thing- to i-now ii your husband is If E, is, vou must not let him go to work; he only make himself worse. A thermometer will tell you at CI:C{) when you ought to go to bed and nurso up. The mercury in a doctor's ther- mometer will go up, but it won't go down; it has to be shaken down forcibly. Before you put the instrument under the patient's tongue 00 sure the mercury is at a point below the normal, that is, helow 98. Always wash it under the cold water tap to make sure it is clean. Leave it under the tongue for two minutes. Take it out and wasic it again under the cold water tap and read it off in a good light. -:0:- WHEN TO GO TO BED. A temperature of 98 is all right; 99 it such a slight rise that it is hardly worth bothering about; 100 is a distinct rise, and iri an indication of ieverishness. No one can afford to despise a tem perature of 100. Everything is an effort, and vou feel as taough your head was full of wool instead of brains. One hundred and one is bv no means alarming, but it means that" the patient must. without any question, be popped into bed and kept there until the doctor has .seen him. -0. NIGHT AND MORNING TEMPERATURE. I never wash a thermometer in hot water, or you will burst it—always u-e cold. Do not make the mistake of taking the tem- perature of your husband immediately after he ha? had a cup of tea; you would oniv determine the heat of the cup of tea, and you don't care how feverish the tea is so long as hubby is all right. The temperature of the human body does not remain exactly the game all ni^ht and all day; it goes up at night and falls in the early morning. The chart above the hospital bed is never a straight line, it is always a zig-zag. There- fore ic affords more valuable information to know rhe evening temperature. You may think nothing of a temperature of 99 at eight o'clock in the morning, overlooking the fact it was 101 the night before. If you cannot read a thermometer the doctor will he grateful if you wiil put it under the patient's tongue at night and just leave it on the dressing-table for him to read when he calir;, The thermometer may be placed under the arm-pit instead of in the mouth if the patient is delirious or obstreperous; the arm must be held to the side. It is con- venient to take a baby's temperature by placing the instrument in the groin and bending the thigh up on the abdomen. -0:- OPERATION FOR RUPTURE. I If you are ruptured only two courses are I upon to you—(1; a truss must be worn, or (2) you must have an operation. In the long run an operation is more satisfactory 1. cause, in suitable cases, it cures the rupture. A truss does not pretend to cure, it only supports. A baby may wear an india-rubber truss, but if the rupture does not disappear in a few months the safest course is an operation. It is not dangerous, and it is far 'better to be cured in infancy than to. wait for adult life. A schoolboy should always. under proper advice, be operated on. If, 'in cucros, a r^a-son cxist-s for rejecting ° an operation, the doctor will advise you. No schoolboy rushing about and play" ing leap- frog would keep a truss properly" adjusted. The rupture will not. disappear of its own accord, and the exertion of playing games will make it worse. If lie has an operation in holiday time he will lo,e very little schooling. If ho waits until he goes out to work he may find the lump in the groin interferes with his employment, and a serious loss of wage may occur if he has to go into hospital, and subsequently is orlde--cd light work for some months. -0:- f DANGER OF ILL-FITTING TRUSS. I Always have a gocd truss if you have one at a: You must be measured for it, and then you must have it applied by the instru- ment maker, so that both he and you may be satisfied that it fit- well. It is dangerous to wear a truss that allows the rupture to tflip down past the pad. It is better to wear I no truss at all than an ill-fitting one. Always ask advice about lumps in the groin —not every lump is a rupture. I have often seen trusses worn on fatty tumours or swollen gbnds in the erroneous belief that the lump is a rupture. Most ruptures are easily replaced by assuming the lying-down posture and exercising gentle pressure. It occasionally happens that the rupture be- comes nipped or strangulated, and no amount of pressure or manipulation will coax it back. This is a dangerous accident, and the proper course is to send for a doctor or go to a hospital without delay. Do not waato a minute. Do not employ violence yourse.f—trust yourself to medical care. -:0:- TREATMENT OF STIFF JOINTS. I la tho treatment of a stiff joint which has bezn. uj "cd. i1. <1 aIX:i.QcI;.t there are two tSt.) to oo followed out, and woe betide -th- patien'; wLo forgets this and mixes up the two stages. The first stage is the stage oi rest. If an arm is injured it must be cairicd in a sling; if a leg, it Tnusj bo roiled on a couch; if a joint of the epino is hurt, tho patient must lie on his back in bed. This first stage of rest lasts a variable time, according to the severity of J th-a injury; the object is to wait until the i active inflammation and swelling have gone down, and soothing, cooling lotions are ordercd to further this object, When the inflammation has gone the second stage is bc-gun. This consists in movements of the injured joint. I cannot impress too strongly on you the importance of remem- bering stage two. I have seen dozens of cases of armn and legs permanently crippled because the patients had not sufficient sense lo move their injured joints. At first, it is painful to move, and therefore the patients Tefuse to carry out the doctor's orders. They hold the limb stiff, and "tiff it remains, and it grows stiffer and stiffer as the weeks go on. Or if they do pove the injured joint, it is in a niggling, half-hearted way that <loes no good. This applies to old people, .more than to young, as the joints of old ) people are less supple from the first. Now, remember: Stage one, rest; stage two, movements. TOO MANY CIGARETTES. [ Smoking too many cigarettes may result in the apnearanoa of one or more of the following symptoms: Ticklinc cough at the back of the throat. a ta --r'n of the nose, throat, and larynx. i Hoars? voice. Breathlessnes-i on sligat exertion. Waking up at night with pain in the Palpitation of the heart and pal!or of the f?alpitat.on oF t-l-e heart a;?ld pallor of the Weak memory, and ma.?Iity to concen- trate attention cn wor^ k. Inflamed eyps from the irritation of tae smoke. Colour blir.dn?sa. Sleeplessness and loss of appetite. Lovittriu;, of general vitality, opening the door to many complaints.

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