OUR LONDON LETTER. [From Our Special Correspondent.] London. When- Parliament re-opens a new man ia likely to be seen constantly on his feet handling questions arising out of the strike. This is Sir Rhys Williams, Bart., D.S.O., M.P., the new Par- liamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Transport, who has been to Sir Eric Geddee throughout the last few strenuous years what Colonel FitzGerald was to Lord Kitchener. The member for Banbury has probably filled more responsible executive positions during the war than any member of the House outside the Cabinet. Granted a commission in the Grenadier Guards in November, 1914, he was transferred with the rank of captain to the Welsh Guards, which he helped to raise. Wounded at Locs in 1915. and mentioned in dispatches, he re- ceived the D.S.O. Two months later he was sent to Persia as Military Attache at the British Legation. Teheran, and was with the Russian troops throughout the campaign of 1916. On returning to England Sir Guy Granet, then Director-General of Movements and Railways at the War Office, asked him to joia his Department, and subsequently, in July, 1917, he was promoted to lieut- color.el on his appointment as Assistant Director- General. Sir Rhys Williams paid frequent visits to France, representing Sir Gtv Granet at various inter-allied transport conferences, and later to Italy, where he spent three months on the staff of Major- General W. H. Grey, the Director-General of Transportation, Italy. In February, 1918, at the request of Sir Eric Geddes, who has a hig-h ouinion ot Sir Rhys, he became Deputy-Director of Training and Staff Duties at the Admiralty. Subsequently, under Sir Eric, ho was engaged in speediug- up demobilisation, and went from that im- mediately to the work of assisting in the drafting of the Transport Bill. ALLEUST IN THE CITY. I General Allenby had a great reception when he went to receive the Freedom of the City of London. I have rarely witnessed a more intensely enthusiastic crowd, and the greeting which the hero of Palestine received from the distinguished company within the Guildhall was hardly less vociferous than that which came from the multitude in the streets. Even the great welcome accorded to the Prime Minister—who made his first public appearance since the strike settlement --did not eclipse, and should not eciipc-. J London's tribute to one of the most brilliant and popular of our military leaders in the great war. Mr. Lloyd George's speech at the luncheon at the Mansion House dealt. almost perforce, with the strike, and showed j that the Government y;s well prepared for I "ueh an emergency. In responio to numerous | demands from the crowd, Mr. Lloyd George went out on to the balcony of the Mansion House and thanked the City again for its cordial greeting. Altogether it was a most notable occasion. j LaELAND. I A good deal of nonsense is being talked and written with regard to the alleged neces- sity for some instaut action towards settle- ment in Ireland. Otherwise, say some of the wi-seacres, the Home Rule Act will become operative—and nobody wants that. There is no reality in this danger, for the Home Rult. Act cannot become operative until Peace has been ratified by all concerned, and that is not likely to be this side of Christmas any- how. Wliat is happening about Ireland is that a Cabinet Committee has been ap- pointed to re-explore this difficult territory, and to work out the main lines of a settle- ment. Mr. Walter Long's presence oil that Committee is a sign of the times, as is his whole attitude to this problem. Time was, and not so long -ago, vhen Home' Rule or mythin? like it had no mere implacable foe than the present First Lord of the Admiralty. Mr. Long, like many other Unionists, has had to face the fact that Ireland must be dealt with, and that ehe cannot be permanently or properly dealt with. except on the lines to which the 1 Coalition is plodged, that is to say, on the basis of self-government I PEDIGREES. I I had an interesting chat the other day with Mr. Aloysius Lumbye, well known to all frequenters of the British Museum Read- ( ing Room and the Record Office as a man of extraordinary learning in all matters genea- logical. Personally, I have never been able to understand why anyone should, except for some very material reason, be interested in tho roota of hii family tree. What is the use of a man's great-great-grandfather having had brains, or money, if he has none himself? However, Mr. Lumbye tells me that people are still keen. especially in I America, in tracing their pedigrees. Before the war, said this venerable scholar in an out-of-the-way branch of learning, many wealthy Arncricana came over here every summer for no other reason than to fix up their genealogical charts' During the war such work as has been done from the States has been done by correspondence, but Mr. Lumbye anticipates a whole invasion of "Japhets in search of their fathers next rummer. The old gentleman confided to me with a chuckle that the origins of some of those who c?eek traces of noble blood are, well, the revere of what is desired when it is possible to trace them at all. I GHOSTS. I The Rev. Walter Wvnn has sent me a copy of his book entitled "Rupert Lives." This Tolume is after—a long way after-Sir Oliver Lodge's "Raymond," and purports to give evidence that the author's -on, who was killed in France in 1917, is alive, and has held converse with his mundane pro- genitors. All I can say about it is that any. one who would be convinced of the truth of Spiritualism by such "facts" as are here set forth is credulous beyond all argument. How useful it must be to be provided as Mr. Wynn seems to be with friends en thb "other side" who see to the pilying < f one's hotel bills (page ^4i. Such phenomena 0 pEon up inestimable possibilities. We may yet counteract high prices by getting clothes and other necessities from tradesmen who have "past over" into the realms where rent. collectors cease from troubling and the in- come-tax payer is at rest—perhaps. For the one certain thing about Spiritualism is that if it is true there is no rest for the de. parted. An unhallowed thought, as it secins to me. NEW MUSICAL COMEDY. I There was a big house at the Gaiety for the production of "The Kiss Cail," which is, I need not say. a musical comedy not very much off the beaten track which such things follow. The audience liked it, to judge by their reception of i t, and I am bound to sav that as such productions go it was quite good. Nothing very original either in the music or in the plot-for this musical comedy has a plot: and dances and dresses were quite up to the Gaiety standard. Mr. G. P. Huntlev riadc- the most of a part ob- viously very much to his liking; but I have seen Mr. Stanley Lupino more happily en- gaged. This trhovr will no doubt run for many and many a lively night, but I cannot say that the popularity of such perform- ances indicates a very high standard of art on the part of the theatre-going public. The other day I saw some suggestions for "livening up" Shakespeare: Heaven help e deserve it'
With due ceremony the confirmation oi the Bishop-Elect of Truro, Dr. Guy IV,-tr- man, took place at Bow Church, Cheapside. which for centuries past has been used lot the officlial proclamation of new bishops. For 1160 the owner of a Paris garage ha bought from the jwlice the motor-car in which detectives chafed m 1912 the Bonnet gang of motor-car bandits, whose expiolt. prodaced terrw ;11 Paris and ,\IJC su ui >s. The Australian Government offers £10,f)( for a. dincovecv of oil in -Atistral!-Zs suitalto for commcrcial use. It took two hours to catch Eastbourne railway-van horses that had been turnec out to grass owing to the wtrike. Mr. Clifton Reynolds, of Messrs Reynolds and Farnell. cotton waste merchan will bo Liberal candidate for Edmonton. I
I PEACE TREATY. IRA TIFICA TION SIGNED BY KINO GEORGE. The ratification of the Peace Treaty with Germany has been signed by the King at Buckingham Palace. The ratification runs:- "We, having seen and considered t71C Treaties, Protocol, and Agreement aforesaid, have approved, accepted, and confirmed the same in all and everv one of their Articles and Clauses as We do by these Presents approve, accept, confirm, and ratify them for Ourselves, Our Heirs, and Successors, en- gaging and promLsin? upon Our Royal Word ,a,-i will ?iuMrely and faithfully per- form and ob&erve all and singular the things that are contained and expressed in the Treaties, Protocol, and Agreement aforesaid, and that We will never suffer the same to be violated bv anyone or transgressed in any manner as far as it lies in Our power. For the greater testimony and validity of all which, We have caused Our Great Seal to be affixed to these Presents which We have signed with Our Royal Hand. "Given at Our Court of St. James' the tenth day of October in the year of Our Lord one thousand nine hundred and nine- teen in the tenth year of Our Reign. I "GEORGE R.I."
DOG'S LIFE SAVED. I DOG'S LIFE SAVED. DEATH SENTENCE ON "BOBS" I QUASHED. The notorious dog named Bobs," o, Fulham, whose life was ordered to be forfeited by the West London magistrate i T, Augnst last, is to live. Early in August "Bobs" went out for & walk without a muzzle and collar and had a difference with a policeman. Later he wa;- "arrested" and sentenced to death. Since theH "BoW has achieved a dcgrei of fame, and a petition for his life was signed by 21,000 persons. An appeal on behalf of "Bobs" was heard before Sir Robert Wallace at the London Sessions, when Sir Robert Wallace an- nounced that the majority of the Justices were of opinion that the dog was not ferocious. "We have been chiefly convinced of that," he said, "by the manner in which the dog behaved when it went through the ordeal of being brought into court." The result was magisl rate' <'J conviction quashed, appeal upheld, and "Bobs'" life saved
I Of 94,000 South African natives who served on various war fronts 4,OUO were killed. Prices at Sittingbourne ram sale were 50 per oent. down as compared with a yetir ago. Mr. C. F. Lowenthal is Iluddersfield's new Recorder. Hanwell Council has agreed to purchase onlv British made goods. damage was done by fire at the Curtiss timber yard, Bath. French Premier has been asked to medi- ate in the Paris theatrical strike.
I GREAT TRADE I RECOVERY. OUR EXPORTS ARE UP BY MILLIONS. I DECREASE IN IMPORTS. I The improving condition of trade is clearly indicated by figures just published Lv the Board of Trade. The most encouraging are those dealing with the imports and exports lor the past nine months of this vear as compared with the same period of last year — I 19)9 1913 Increase, ? ? c Imports Kxports oU.;»i,;52 o71,151.427 IGl.ttttJHS I These figures s how that the increase in exports is only ,000,000 below the ill. crease in imports—a very encouraging sign. It is also satisfactory to note that im- ports of articles whollv or mainly manu- factured during the nine months decreased i ') while exports of .similar goods increased by ^r_'t(.G0ft.S4r). In spite of thp raIlway strike, our trade 1:1 st; 111 Oil th showed ani m provement over that for September last year: — I Sept.. 1910. Sept.. 1S18. Incense. I ? ? ); Imports H8.fi-'5 074 97,91)5. Mg 1,0 '?.?M I Exports t;b.500,9)5 10,152,l13 2!)?3,,8.2,)2 1 The rise in imports during the nine mouths was almost entirely m food, drink, and tobacco, and raw materials and articles mainly unmanufactured. If I
DANGERS OF PRUSSIANISM. I PRIME MINISTER ox "STRANGLING A I COMMUNITY." Speaking at the Guildhall on the occasion of the visit of General Allenby. Mr. Lloyd George referred in an outspoken and his- toric way to the recent railway strike. He pointed to the dangers of Prussianism in the industrial and economic world, which, he said, must not prevail. The Prime Minister stated that Britain had defeated an oftorl to hold up the com- munity and strangle it into submission. The nation had shown that it was capable of de- feating any such effort, and in future it must lie master—just and firm-in its own house. Lessons of the strike were that one could not hold up the community unjustly, and that the community will always pay a fair price for any commodity it way want. The Premier was accorded a triumphant: reception.
GERMAN DEPUTY SHOT. I HERR IIAASE SEVERELY WOUNDED AT BERLIN. As the deputy Herr Haase, Independent Socialist, wart proceeding from the railway station to attend the sitting of the National Assembly, he was shot at in front of the National Assembly building, Iietlm. The medical examination «t the hospital to which lie was taken showed that he had been hit in two places —in the tln^li and in the lower part of the leg. The condition ot the patient is, in the circumstances, satisfac- tory. The perpetrator of the crime, who per- mitted himself to be arrested without offer- ing the slightest resistance, is a Vienna leather worker. 51 years of age. by name Johann Voss, who stated that he had taken revenge against Herr lIa<k'lc because the deputy had initiated proceedings being taken against him for extortions. n
j THE PRACTICAL LOVER. I At Willesdcn a young man applied for a summons against his former sweetheart, with a view to recover the presents he had given her. Asked what the presents vicre he pulled out a hook and read: "Two rings, one locket with chain, one watch, one costume, three pairs of shoes, one dress, one hat, five blouses, six pairs of The Magistrate: Stop Why, you have practically clothed the girl. What a won- derful systeiii of book I- ee l ) i i- you nit.ist derful system of bookkeeping you must Applicant, consulting his ledger, said he valued the articles at E25 6s. 3d. I The Magistrate: You arc a very practical lover. You can take a summons with re- gard to the jewellery, but not the clothing. I regard such articles as perishable gilts.
CWT. COAL LIMIT. I The Board of Trade announce that the emergency order prohibiting display light- ing has been revoked, but in view of the danger of a severe shortage of coal in the winter owing to the diminution of stocks during the strike it is necessary to main- tain for a short period the order limiting coal deliveries to lewt. The embargo which local fuel overseers were instructed to place on 25 per cent. of all industrial stocks iu their districts has been removed.
I CAUGHT BY BURGLAR ALARM. I The capture of John Taylor, 39, who was sentenced to 12 months' hard labour at the London Sessions for breaking into a ware- house at Chelsea, was due to the efficiency oi a burglar alarm. The eound attracted a po'ceman, who then saw two men drop from the roof. Borrowing a bicycle, the officer gave chase, and after a struggle, in whicl he received injuries, took Taylor into cus tody.
ADAM AND EVE FILM. I A gigantic film of the creation of the world with the title "Adam and Eve" id being prepared by an American company. Though the Bible narrative is to be1" fol- lowed in the main, the principal scenes are to be entrusted to university professors, who will ensure that the representation is in ac- cordance with the latest biological dis- coveries.
LIVE FOR EVER. FRENCH SCIENTIST'S CLAIM TO PROLONG LIFE. MONKEY GLANDS. Dr. Voronoff, a director of the physio logical laboratory at the College of France, Paris, where a congress of surgeons has just been held, states that he has found the way to prolong life. Dr. Voronoff declared that it is possible so to ,do by means of grafting. Experiments, he said, have been made, and interstitial glands, whose secretion contains the very source of vital strength, have been grafted upon worn and aged goats and rams. The animals recovered their youth and vigour. Dr. Voronoff asserts that the grafting of the interstitial gland of a monkey on an old man will restore his strength. Dr. Voronoff's communication may be the solution of the dream of scientists of all ages, viz., to prolong life by restoring youth to age. Dr. Voronof f has already been suc- cessful in grafting the organs of monkeys on to human beings, and he expresses great | confidence in his new discover}' confidence in his new discovery.
STRUGGLE IN COURT. I PRISONER'S VIOLENT ATTACK UPON I A WITNESS. An extraordinary scene was witnessed at Poole Police Court, when William J. Woods, a clerk employed at the Government timber mills, Poole, was charged with falsification of accounts in respect of a sum of Xi OS. 3d. After Mr. Gordon Ward, auditor of the Costs Department, Ministry of Munitions, had given evidence, the accused's mother said to him: "You have ruined my ton's character." Accused said: "Be quiet, mother; leave it to me," and immediately afterwards sprang on to the witness, throw- ing him into the fireplace. Mr. Ward's head struck against a cornice, and he sus- tained an ugly wound on the temple. Pris- oner also kicked him in the abdomen. A struggle for several minutes between pris- oner and a party of police ensued, the f( r- mer shouting: "I'll murder you all for this. Woods wae eventually overpowered, whereupon the magistrates, who in commit- ting him to the Dorset Assizes had granted bail, reversed their decision, and the pris- oner was removed to the police station again struggling violently.
PEERESS'S ROMANCE. ENGAGEMENT OF BARONESS FURNI- VALL BROKEN OFF. A mild society sensation lias been caused by the news that the engagement announced in August between Edward Randolph Broughton-Adderley and Baroness Furnivall has been broken off The baroness is -a tall, handsome girl of 19, a pcerc-ss in her own right, and holder of a barony which after being in abeyance for nearly 150 years was called out in her 'is the oii l v favour six years ago. She is the only daughter of the late Lord Petre and Audrey Lady Petre. By this announcement an exploit is re- called which recently brought her ladyship into considerable prominence. She was stay- ing with her fiance at Carlton Towers, York- shire, as the guest of Ethel Lady Beaumont for Doncaster races, and she suddenly "dis- appeared. Anxiety was only al'ayed when the baroness was found living in a quiet town in Scotland.
MEAT FREED. SUGAR AND BUTTER RESTRICTIONS TEMPORARILY RETAINED. To relieve transport during the adjust. ment period following the strike the ration of sugar'remains at 6oz. per person, and the ration of Gutter at loz. per person. The emergency meat ration has been can. celled, and 1 tailer", may sell to their regis- tered customers more than the strict ration. Catering establishments and institutions may now supply sugar, milk and meat un- rna' .y the regulations which were in force prior to the strike. The Food Controller has decided to pur- chase British and Iridh hard whole-milk cheese at the maximum first hand price of t 23. 2d. per lb. for Grade A. ') I
AMERICAN AIR DERBY. I 2,700 MILES FLIGHT ACROSS THE CON- | TINENT. America has held a Trans-Continental Aerial Derby. The contest took place ver & route oi 2,700 miles, in which there were 21 steps, General Charlton was selected to start first from Mineola, but owing to engine trouble started eleventh. Later he tele- graphed that his machine was forced to land near Ithaica, New York. Fifty-five Army airmen started westward i from Mineola and 16 eastward from San Francisco. Colonel Alfred Brandt, one of the flyers, crashed to the ground near New York, and was found in a dying condition.
RUM AS LIFE-SAVER. < The rum ration in the Army and Navy was discussed at a Church of England Tem- perance Society Conference, at Chester. After several speakers had condemned it, an ex-soldier spoke in .support of it, saying that while in France his life was saved through it. The Rev. R. A. Thomas (Chester), an ex- chaplain to the Forces, said that it was a mistake in temperance circles to speak in unrestrained condemnation of the rum ration. He knew that many soldiers in France would have starved to death if it had not been for the rum ration.
THE KING'S CHAUFFEUR. The King greatly appreciated the services of the chauffeurs who drove his car from Balmoral to London, and has given each a memento of the long drive. To Mr. Oscar Humfrey, his senior driver, the King ga\e the medal of the Royal Victorian Order and a tie-pin in the shape of a crown in bril- liants.
With 110 naval cadets, the battleship Temeraire has sailed from Plymouth on a six months' cruise in the Mediterranean. M. TheodoTeff, the Bulgarian Premier, ia stated to have resigned because the terms of the Peace Treaty have been badly received by his country. Colliding with a tramway standard while making a trial trip on a new motor-cycle, Leonard H. Hawkins, an ex-Army officer, of Norbiton, was fatally injured,
I GERMANS TAKE RIGA. ALLIES BEGIN A BLOCKADE OF THE BALTIC. 'THE SAVIOURS OF RUSSIA. 9. I Serious trouble has occurred at Riga, and coercive measures against Germany have been taken bv the Allies to effect a blockade of the Baltic. It is reported that German troops are in the suburbs of Riga, and the Government has left. Owing to the bombardment parts of the town are in ruins. Many civilians were killed by air bombs. The enemy tried to cross the bridge, but were repulsed. A Helsingfors telegram, states that a great part of the French and British squadrons have left for the Gulf of Riga. Following this a state of siege was pro- claimed. A Paris message at the week-end was to the effect that the Supreme Council had fully completed the measures they proposed to take to deal with the situation created by German action in the Baltic States. It is felt that severe measures must be taken. A Note was issued by Marshal Foch and was said to be both sharp aad pointed. VON DER GOLTZ. I The troops which have effected the coup af Riga are those of General von der Golfo (Germans) and Colonel Bermond (Russo Germans). It is said that there was heav j lighting in the outskirts of the city. Th( Germans have now demanded a free passage through Esthonia, the eastern neighbour oi Tjatvia. All pretence is being abandoned Tho objects of the Germans is to annex th( rich Baltic provinces for the Monarchist Party, and then to advance against Petro- grad in order to pose as the saviours of Russia. To counteract this move the Allies have withdrawn all free passage permits from al" German ships in the Baltic, and all ships encountered in the Baltic are liable to be seized by the Allies. No ships are permitted to leave Kiel, and Stettin shipowners have wirelessed to their vessels at sea immediately to return or tc go to the nearest port. The news of the blockade of the Baltic has created a great sensation in Danzig, where big cargoes of coal and herring had been expected during the next few days. I THE ALLIED REPLY r I The Allies, in their reply to the German Note regarding the evacuation of the Baltic Provinces, say they have noticed the inten- tion expressed by the German Government to continue in the most energetic manner the withdrawal of its troops. It must be pointed out that, notwithstanding the re- peated remonstrances, the orders of the Ger- man Government were so long deferred that it now declares that it is practically impos- sible for it to cause them to be carried out. In high circles it is felt that this delay wa,3 deliberately arranged to give the results which the German Government now affects to deplore. It would appear to be impos- sible to explain in any other manner its re- fusal to recall General der Goltz. One well-informed writer asks, "Having been called to Berlin not more than a day or two ago, why was he purposely sent back to his thoatre of operations? It remains to be seen how drastically Germany will attempt to act. Meanwhile,. Marshal Foch has matters in hand.
NEW RATION CARDS. I Housewives ehould note that when making weekly purchases they must take with them the new butter and sugar cards, the distri- bution of which has now been completed j The distribution of the meat cards not being complete, it will not be necessary to produce these until October 20. Welcome news of the increase of the sugai ration from 6oz. to 8oz. is announced by the } Ministry of Food, with the forecast of other increased rations in the future. In view ol the recent increase in the retail price, the guaranteed minimum amount of butcher's meat will be increased from Is. 8d. worth tt 2s. worth per head per week.
FILMING AT NIGHT. Devotees of tho cinema may not know that until quite recently cinema scenes that were supposed to happen in darkness were really taken in broad daylight, but "before being thrown on to the screen the film was dipped into a large tank containing deep blue dye; that produced the required effect. However, tha difficult problem of night cinematography has now been solved. In a recent production there was presented a camp setting in which the camp fire cast an eerie glow over the darkness. There were also excellent silhouettes of the players. These were taken one moonless night, the middle of the camp being illuminated with a strong violet flame for just two minutes, which lighted up the surrounding country. Another example was a battle subject taken at night-time. In this there appeared such details as bombs bursting over fields, with intervals of blinding flashes of light, while balls of flame were pouring forth from the discharging cannon. The first problem was to determine the composition of ammunition which would not only be suf- ficiently explosive, but produce a powerful light as well. The director had to manufac- ture a special kind of flashlight powder, which he succeeded in doing after many ex- periments.
THE DANGEROUS EEL I Numerous are the tales told of the will- nef-,i and greatness of the eels; the latter nc doubt contributing to the fabrication of "Sea-serpent" stories. Some years ago a giant conger was caught in shallow watei off 'the beach at Snettisham in Norfolk. It measured 8ft. Sin. in length, and weighed 1481b. Such a brute, if caught on a line and drawn into a boat, would be a most dangerous capture. At Honolulu in 1913 Kakanamsku, the champion Olympic swimmer, was attacked by a giant eel, which dragged him under water and held him there for nearly twc minutes. He escaped at last, but at the cost of the first finger of the right hand. In the rivers of New Zealand eels attain an immense size, and have been known tc attack bathers. An eel also caused the death of a fisherman at Singapore. The man was < fishing off Swettenham I'i<n* with a line which he had foolishly fastened around his wrist. An eel, estimated to be 10ft. long, swallowed the hook and dragged the man into the water. His dead body was after. wards found under the pier with the line still attachod to his wrist.
I BACK TO WORK. It is understood that all the workers em- ployed in the Royal Naval Ammunition Fac- tory. Alemandria, Dumbartonshire, had re- ceived notice. The factory is to be handed over to the Disposal Board to be sold. It is the old Argyll motor works, and is likely to be bought by a Clydeside engineering firir to build motor-cars. i
Eastbourne parade-chair record takings last season were < £ 7,000. Anglers have had a good season at Blag- don Lake, Somerset, 1,054 trout landed yielding an average of 21b. 9oz. One fish scaled 71b. Answering inquiries, the War Office says that nurses mentioned in despatches for work overseas will get a certificate .f the King's appreciation. Two men, one of them said to be an Army officer, were badly imjured i. a shooting affair at Dublin, and a man named William Little was arrested. Arriving at Euston Station, Mr. Joseph Cheetham, the tenor, had his luggage col- lected, but turned his back for a few minutes, during when it was stelem.
INSPIRING GENIUS. I Quaint is the manner in which genius has been oft times inspired. Grieg, the musi- cian, when about to compose, would first memorise the words whose meaning he wished to express by sounds. "I require sevoraj days to heat my head," he cuco said: "then I loso my appetite, my eyes become inflamed, and the imagination is stimulated. Then I compose all opera in three weeks." Most people will agree that work produced under such conditions de- serves to succeed. Edgar Allan Poe was in the habit of drinking brandy for the same purp0. Vol- tairo went in for coffee, and de MUet for a mixture of beer and absinthe De Quincev is said to have used opium, t no ugh he found it as much a hindrance as a help; and Burnli preferred whisky. Byron found, curiously enough, that Epsom-salts woke up his muse. Schiller put his feet in ice while he sat in a room filled with the odour of rotten apples. Milton buried his head in cushions and blankets. Rousseau preferred to have the sun beating on his head, while Shelley wrote with his head close to the fire. In -contrast to these, #Victbr Hugo always stood uprio-ht at his desk. Herbert Spencer used to utilise physical exercise, perhaps the best method of all.
MURDERER EXECUTED. I At Pentonvillc Prison, Frank George Wnrren, alias Burke, who murdered a mar- ried woman named Lucy Nightingale at l'rah-road, Finsbury Park, on Jiily 28, has been executed. The woman was strangled in her bed- room, her arms and legs being bound and her face tightly bandaged. Warreu walked to the scaffold calmly.
TEMPORARY PROMOTIONS. I An Army Council instruction states that A -warrant officer, Class 1. or Class II., or an N.C.O. may be promoted to temporary rank up to April 30, 1920, in the R.E., R.A.S.C., R.A.O.C., R.A.V.C., R.A.M.C., M.P.S.C., and the Corps of Military Police.
I SOME WALK. I An American lady, Mrs. Marguerite Re- mington Charter, and her daughters, have just walked 3,500 miles from Seattle to New York, "discovering America."
i —~ I FLYING MAIL SMASH. I An aeroplane flying from Salisbury to Pembroke Dock with mails fell and was I smashed at Llanelly. The airmen were not inj ured.
FAMOUS DRAPER DEAD. Mr. William t Carnelly, formerly chairman of directors of Hylands and Sons. Ltd., has died at Manchester, aged 96.. Mr. Carnelly went to Manchester from Barnsley in 1840, and remained with Ry- lfnds until unü-76 years' continuous ser- vice.
COAL CONTROLLER RESIGNS. Sir Evan Jones, M.P., who consented to accept for a limited period the position of Controller of the Coal Mines at the urgent request of the President of the Board of Trade. has found it necessary to resign his position.
JOUBERT DEAD. I The death is announced from Capetown of Senator Joubert, commandant -iiirlp- the Boer war, in which he lost an arm. Senator J. A. Joubert was a representative of the Transvaal in the Legislative Assembly.
I SIXTY-FIVE MILLIONS LOST. WHAT THE STRIKES HAVE COST THE y, COUNTRY. I P Mr. Kennedy Jones, M.P., chairman of the Traffic Commission, during the course of a speech remarked that strikes during the first eight months of this year had caused an aggregate loss of < £ 50,0<)0,000, to which had to be added the 15 millions which the railway strike had cost. One could Nave every sympathy with Labour, and every wish to remove injustices of which there might be complaint; but the i oommunity would not stand the methods of the industrial highwayman, which threat- ened to be applied with unfailing regularity bv any section of r,-orker.s which thought it could rely on a (sympathetic strike in other industries. STerID LONDON. I "It would, in my judgment," he con- tinued, be a safe assumption that greater London loses somewhere about 20 millions a year, because we are apparently too stupid to realise that to allow the traffic of the metropolis to run uncontrolled hopeless extravagance. The remedies for the traffic congestion of London, which would grow worse this win- ter, he said. could only be effected by a strong, independent executive Traffic Board, with power to make regulations, and to de- vise and enforce measures which would con- duce to the comfort and convenience of every person who used the streets of Lon- don.
FIGHTING THE PROFITEER J PUBLIC APATHETIC IN MAKING COM- PLAINTS. According to latest reports, in spite of there being some 1,500 tribunals in the country for fighting the profiteer, there i. a temerity on the part of the public in bring- ing wrongdoers to book. It is said that the public are not joining in the hunt for the profiteer with the zeai that was at first anticipated. This may be due to the discovery by the public that the tribunals have not beeti called into exig- ence to attack and rout the profiteer. That is the task of the public. All that the tribunals have power to do is to act as a judge. In the event of a trader refusing to refund a small amount, the pursuit of the money might be a costly legal affair for the complainant. The Act would, therefore, seem to need strengthening in certain respects. It would a lso seem necessary to provide a sort oi i Public Advocate if a complainant appeared at a Central Appeal Tribunal or in a civil court.
BEATTY NEW SEA LORD. I RETIREMENT OF SIR ROSSLYN I WEMYSS. Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss is retiring at his own request from the post of First Sea Lord at the Admiralty, and towards the end of the month Admiral of the Fleet Earl Beatty will succeed him. Sir Rosslyn is understood to be retiring because he is much in need of a rest after a very strenuous term of office at the Admiralty during the most trying periods of the submarine menace. Sir Rosslyn Wemyss went to the Ad- miralty in September, 1917, as Second Sea Lord. He wab afterwards Deputy First Sea Lord, and in December, 1917, succeeded I Lord Jellicoe as First Sea Lord.
TYPEWRITERS FORSAKEN. I GIRLS TAKE TO MOTOR-CAR DRIVING, j i Acoording to one writer, the typewriter has a dangerous rival in the motor-car. From all parts of the country girls are for. saking the office, the shop, and the etfage tc learn motor driving, an occupation which in days gone by was regarded as the sole pre- rogative of man. The most desirable positions are those of lady chauffeur in private service, secretary- chauffeur, and companion-chauffeur. Good work is rewarded by good pay.
DETECTIVES OUTDONE. I While detectives were actually in the house investigating a theft of £ 7 from the till, bedrooms at the Griffin Hotel, Kingston, were ransacked and money and other articles stolen. A young man wearing the uniform of a naval officer is saspectod to be the thief. He was noticed upstairs, and taken to be a vileitor,
CALLOUS CONDUCT. I At an inquest held on William Home- wood. 46, an insurance clerk, of Cleaver .street. Kennington, who drowned himself in the Thames, a pier master said he re- covered the body, secured it to a rope, and left it in the water till assistance came. He did not try artificial respiration because he ftÍ1t sure the man was dead. The coroner told him that he ought to have tried artificial respiration, and said his conduct was very callous.
I RACING MOTORIST'S FEAT. I Riding between London and Manchester in the service of the "Dailv Sketch," the racing motor-cyclist, Richardson, covered nearly 2,000 miles during the railway strike. Richardson travelled night and day. and his average speed was 35 miles per hour, straying cattle presented difficulty and danger, and the roads were very bad in places.
Merthyr Tydvil rates are 17s. 5d.' All but £61 of P,23,430 due in rates in Heiidon has been collected. "Fishers" instead of Bradburys" are now being issued. Eton is the first big public school to adopt the Scout movement, and more than 100 lower boys have joined.
WHISKY. i DRY AMERICA DUMPS HUGE CON- I SIGNMENTS HERE. Thanks to the Pusseyfoots driving America dry, large quantities of whisky and wine have been dumped in this country by the Yankees. According to various reports, the stuff ia hardly likely to appeal to the Britisher. Recent consignments include: 3,600 pun- cheons of rum, 824 barrels of whisky, 500 cases of whisky, and 1,200 cases of wine. Wine and spirit merchants all over the country are participating in this movement of relieving America of her large stocks.
r SOME MYSTERY STORIES. Mysteries, always attract the attention oi the populace, who follow the various taies told with marked avidity. Many will remem ber the case of EI)A,ortli Parsonage, the home of John Wesley, which was the scent of the queerest manifestations. They con, eisted principally in odd noises. There were sounds as if bags of money were emptied or the floor, or all the bottles in the cipliai rolled downstairs at once. Heavy objects were also moved. Beds with people in thErr were lifted up, doors flung open, and or three separate occasions old Mr. Wesley was forcibly pushed against hid desk. In the year 1903 the Press and thE country at large were much puzzled by the extra.ordinary happenings at Raikes Farm in the occupation of Mr. and Mrs. Webster who found that their bread was mysteriously disappearing. Morning after morning the,, came down to find loaves left overnight ir the bread pan- diminished in size. Yet thcr( were no signs of crumbs, of mice, or oi human handling. One night some loaves were placed in ar earthenware pan, a cloth tied over the top the lid put on, and several spice cakes laic on the lid. In the morning the externa; things were undisturbed, yet the loaves within were mutilated. Loaves were suspended in bags from the ceiling; others were locked in cupboards. AI: were mutiliated, or in some cases hollowed out without disturbance of the crust. Nc explanation of the mystery has ever beer forthcoming.
SOME FIND! I A hill of solid copper is reported to have I been found at Mullagone, N.S.W.
Owing to strikers leaving the pay boxes of High Level Bridge, Newcastle-on-Tyne, the North-Eastern Railway Company esti- mate a loss of li,OUO in halfpenny fares. Air mails between London and Bristol, Birmingham, Manchester, Newcastle, •uid Glasgow have been discontinued. So that their official motor-car shall not be used for joy-rides, Ilford is having the town's coat of arms painted on it. While Mr. James Macintosh.. 72, chapman of Messrs. Reid M'Farlane and Co., Glas- gow, and Mrs. Macintosh, 70, were walking to church, they were knocked down and killed by a motor-car in Dumbarton-street. Glasgow Through colliding head-on with z motor- lorry near Witham, Essex, two Chelmsford i young men, named Spink.s.and George Ling. J who were riding a motor-cycle, were killed. J General Ali Riza Pasha, Minister of Marine in the Tewfik Pasha Cabinet that fell with the dissolution of Parliament by the Sultan last December, has become Turkish Grand Vizier in succession to Damad Fenid Pasha, scn-in-law of Abdul Hamil. For obtaining £6 IDs. 4d. cut-of-work pay while he was earning 0"J. a day, Adolphus Steinle, of Aybrook-street, was at Maryle- bone sentenced to two months' hard labour. Just as a tram strike has ended at Cairo after lasting eight weeks, a bakery strike, cutting off supplies of bread to Europeans, has begun. Further discharges of workmen at Chat- ham dockyard must be anticipated, the Admiralty has informed the Gillingham Corporation.. Mr. B. W. Eills (Liberal), ship ,s store dealer, 'will be Liverpool's next Lord Mayor. British steamer Burmese Prince put into Queenstown with fire raging in her bunkers. For her 100th birthday dinner IMiss Elizabeth Hind, of Rippingale, Lines had roast partridge. On receiving a letter from Mr. J. Hugh Edwards, M.P., offering to help them, Neath railwaymen replied that the best services hi- could render the railway men would be to retire from Parliament. At. Army order announces new rates of uniform allowances for Army nurses.
I NOTES ON NEWS. Many parts of Europe are still in a state of ferment, and the latest filibustering ex- pedition to Fiume of d'Annunzio has led t» a most serious internal situation in Italy. The Government there finds itself defied not only by tho poet, but by a majority (f tho armed forces of the Crown, and it is under- stood that King Victor Emmanuel has inti- mated his intention to abdicate if this sedition continues to spread. Signor Nitti's- Government at present is entirely unable to remove d'Annunzio and his adherents from Fiume, and any orders to proceed against him would almost inevitably produce a re- volt that might speedily become a revolu- tion. Of course, it is hardly conceivable that the King of Italy would consent to bo a party to the installation in power in his kingdom of the man who defied not only tho Italian Government, but also the Powers- allied to Italy; and so is the work of clear- ing-up still hindered. Under British Rule. <0 tspeakin- at the Regent-street Poly- technic, Sir Frederick Lugard said: "Tlw great advancement made among the natives of tropical Africa is due primarily to the work of that splendid class of young admin- trators rwlio form the backbone of our Colo- nial service, and to whom the Empire owes its origin and progress." He beiieved that under no other rule, whether by an uncon- trolled potentate or any alien, would the natives enjoy such a. measure of freedom, impartial justice, or more sympathetic treatment than they have received from the British Empire. The rising generation should be taught to understand the relation of our over-seas possessions to the economic well-being of this country. 'Tis well that our nation knows how" to Colonise. In this direction, certain it is tifat Britain Btan<!s pre-eminent. I The Muzzling Order By the new muzzling order which came into force this week the dangeroiw rabies- area in all the Middlesex parishes now in that area are removed, and also the parishes of Barnos, Mortlake, Ham East and West, Molesey, Esher, Weybridgc, and Walton-on- Thames, and the boroughs of Hammersmith, Ealing, and Richmond. This portion of the dangerous area thus becomes subject only to the same restrictions as other parts of that area. Muzzling is still necessary, btit dogs need no longer be led, and can be moved to any part of the controlled area. In the re- maining part bf the dangerous area dogs still have to be led, as well as muzzled. A similar modification ist made in Monmouth- shire, whero in the Abergavenny and New- port dangerous areas the requirement as to- leading is revoked. Fighting Consumption. Good work is again being done in tli & matter of fighting tuberculosis. The Chil- dren's Committee of the Metropolitan Asylums Board havo reported the addition of two now institutions for furthering the i-anipaigii, viz., East Cliffe Hospital, Mar- gate, and High Wood, Brentwood. The- former has already been opened, and will accommodato 270 children suffering from non-pulmonary tuberculosis—surgical cases. The latter will be opened next month, and will provide beds for 300 children in the early stages of pulmonary tuberculosis. This is as it should be, and it will be gratifying to chronicle any extensions made in the work in the future. Pay for Teachers. Wrill there be a serious strike among schoolteachers? This is a question on many lips, for the London Schoolmasters' Associa- tion has by an overAvhelming majority, at, a general meeting, passed a resolution gall- ing upon its members to withdraw from the London Teachers' Association. The split has occurred on the questio-i of equal pay for men aiid women in the teaching profes- sion. Tho London Teachers' Association are definitely committed to the principle of equal pay, whilst opposition to it is main- tained by the London Schoolmasters' Asso- ciation, who contend that the London Teachers' Association in their recent cam- paign on salaries, failed to support suffi- cientlv the claims of men They were com- pelled to limit their claims on behalf of men to such au amount as they hoped they could induce the L.C.C. to give to Avomen also. One wonders which phase of activity will next bo touched by the wand of the strike fiend. W.A.A.C. Pensions. In order to see how matters stand on be- half of the members of the CT.A.A. Corps, the East Ham War Pensions Committee has decided to make a test case in regard to pensions for W.A.A.C.s. Attention was- drawn to the .ca-s of a W.A.A.C. who had been discharged on medical grounds, and Mr. A. R. Powell jnoved that she should be given the full allowance paid to discharged toldiers and sa ilors in similar circumstances, anJ that the Committee should take up her case with the view of obtaining a pension. The secretary sa-a the Royal Warrant did not apply to W.A.A.C.s, nor did any of the regulations. It would be creating a prece- dent if the proposal were adopted. Mr. PoAvell: If the Ministry arc too slow to amend their regulations it is not our fault. The Committee decided to make a test case by paying an allowance and applying for a pension. It will be interesting to watch de- velopments. The Potato Crop. The Board of Agriculture, in its latef.t monthly report, states that in the inoi important potato groAving districts the potatoes appear to be unusually healthy Prospects have improved a little during tht- month, but the yield en the whole is ex- pected to prove some 7 or 8 per cent. below the average. Turnips and swedes are ex- pectcd to yield only 83 per cent., and man- golds 79 per cent. of the normal. Livestock Kave done faidy well. Ordinary unHkHIed labour is mostly reported to be sufficient though frequently described as somewhat in- efficient. Skilled hands of all kinds are still scarce. A 48-Hour Week. It is reported that the Provisional Com- mittee of employers and workmen set ii F, Barly in the lr to organise the National Industiial Council has definitely declined tc proceed with its formation unless the Government is prepared to include agricul- tural workers in the 48 Hours Bill. It may be mentioned that originally it was agreed by all parties represented 011 the Provisional Committee that agricultural labourers should be included, but the landed representatives and farmers generally stated they could con- cede only a 50 hours week in summer and a t8 hours week in winter. The Government igreed to tho exclusion of agricultural abourers, and it appears that the Bill is low threatened with opposition from the- Provisional Committee.
M. Blcriot, Avinner of the "Daily Mail cross-Channel flight competition, has dc- signed an airbus for 28 passengers which in its trials has travelled at SS miles. Medical evidence at the inquest at Liver- pool on Miss Maggie Duggan, the once famous inusic-hall comedienne, was that, death was duo to bronchial pneumonia dC- celerated by alcohol. For spitting in the face of an omnibus- conductor, Frederick Harris, 37, of Ash- grove, Hackney, was seut to bix weeks' hard labour. R.A.F. officers who relinquished their com- missions during the war on account of 111- health or wounds are to receive a spc certificate from the King. "Newsvendors have always ™eS sengers of th" ?godt.ho: ?C?? w?- ? the messenC gers of the Geddes aJl '.jjd. the messengers of the Ge<lcs as well, sa:'r Lord Burnham at a ￼ HOUSfl dlln of the NewsvpndoM ???"? ??? In.ti?t.on. of the N ewsvendors' &nCVO en nf< ha Mr. Frank Lloyd, it wlis announcel, ￼ given ?4,000 toards the ieme for increas- ing pensions bj W'" from Southamv- An Avro .eapl? cdi? i?? n ?ew.pap?, wa. ton to Guernsey, c31^1 „0,Vc)TV1T*>r« was wrecked off AIder?y ir 8 fog. !*• IJlJot Captain Evans, was rescued. The Italian Government has handed the Patriarehate of Venice 1,896 tons of bronze and 40 tons of tin, with which to replace the church bells stolen by the Austrians,